|Yale Bulldogs football|
|Head coach||Tom Williams|
|Home stadium||Yale Bowl|
|Location||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Postseason bowl record||–|
|Claimed national titles||27|
|Colors||Yale Blue and White|
|Fight song||"Down the Field"|
The Yale Bulldogs football program represents Yale University in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Yale's football program is one of the oldest in the world, having begun competing in the sport in 1872. The Bulldogs have a legacy that includes 27 national championships, two of the first three Heisman Trophy winners (Larry Kelley in 1936 and Clint Frank in 1937), 100 consensus All-Americans, 28 College Football Hall of Fame inductees, including the "Father of American Football" Walter Camp, the first professional football player Pudge Heffelfinger, and coaching legends Amos Alonzo Stagg, Howard Jones, Tad Jones and Carmen Cozza. With 865 wins, Yale ranks second in wins in college football history, trailing only the University of Michigan.
- 1 History
- 2 Harvard–Yale football rivalry
- 3 Yale Bowl
- 4 Head coaching history
- 5 College Football Hall of Fame inductees
- 6 Yale players in the NFL
- 7 All-Americans
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The Bulldogs were the dominant team in the early days of intercollegiate football, winning 27 college football national championships, including 26 in 38 years between 1872 and 1909. Walter Camp, known as the "Father of Football," played college football at Yale College from 1876 to 1882. He later served as the head football coach at Yale from 1888 to 1892.
Formation of the Ivy League
When the Ivy League athletic conference was formed in 1955, conference rules prohibited post-season play in football. While Yale had always abstained from post-season play, other member schools had participated in bowls before, and the new policy further insulated Yale and the Ivy League from the national spotlight.
NCAA Division I subdivision split
The NCAA decided to split Division I into two subdivisions in 1978, then called I-A for larger schools, and I-AA for the smaller ones. The NCAA had devised the split, in part, with the Ivy League in mind, but the conference did not move down for four seasons despite the fact that there were many indications that the ancient eight were on the wrong side of an increasing disparity between the big and small schools. In 1982, the NCAA created a rule that stated a program's average attendance must be at least 15,000 to qualify for I-A membership. This forced the conference's hand, as only some of the member schools met the attendance qualification. Choosing to stay together rather than stand their ground separately in the increasingly competitive I-A subdivision, the Ivy League moved down into I-AA starting with the 1982 season.
Since the formation of the Ivy League, Yale has won 14 Ivy League championships in 1956 (8–1–0), 1960 (9–0–0), 1967 (8–1–0), 1968 (8–0–1), 1969 (7–2–0), 1974 (8–1–0), 1976 (8–1–0), 1977 (7–2–0), 1979 (8–1–0), 1980 (8–2–0), 1981 (9–1–0), 1989 (8–2–0), 1999 (9–1–0), 2006 (8–2–0).
Harvard–Yale football rivalry
Harvard and Yale have been competing against each other in football since 1875. The annual rivalry game between the two schools, known as "The Game", is played in November at the end of the football season. As of 2009, Yale led the series 65–53–8. The Game is the second oldest continuing rivalry and also the third most-played rivalry game in college football history, after the Lehigh–Lafayette Rivalry (1884) and the Princeton–Yale game (1873). Sports Illustrated On Campus rated the Harvard–Yale rivalry the sixth-best in college athletics in 2003. In 2006, Yale ended a five-game losing streak against Harvard, winning 34–13. That Harvard winning streak was third longest in the history of the series, after Yale's 1902–1907 six-game winning streak and Yale's 1880–1889 eight-game winning streak. Harvard has since beaten Yale in 2007, 2008, and 2009. The Game is significant for historical reasons as the rules of The Game soon were adopted by other schools. Football's rules, conventions, and equipment, as well as elements of "atmosphere" such as the mascot and fight song, include many elements pioneered or nurtured at Harvard and Yale.
The Yale Bowl is Yale's football stadium in New Haven, Connecticut about 1-1/2 miles west of Yale's main campus. Completed in 1914, the stadium seats 61,446, reduced by renovations from the original capacity of 70,869.
Ground was broken on the stadium in August 1913. It was the first bowl-shaped stadium in the country, and provided inspiration for the design of such stadiums as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rose Bowl, and Michigan Stadium. Through its inspiration of the Rose Bowl stadium, its name is also the origin of college football's bowl games. The current scoreboard (notable for the time clock being arranged vertically instead of horizontally) was added in 1958, and in 1986 the current press box was added. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987.
Head coaching history
|James O. Rodgers||1899||7||2||1||.750|
|George S. Stillman||1901||11||1||1||.885|
|Joseph R. Swan||1902||11||0||1||.958|
|George B. Chadwick||1903||11||1||0||.917|
|Charles D. Rafferty||1904||10||1||0||.909|
|William F. Knox||1907||9||0||1||.950|
|Lucius Horatio Biglow||1908||7||1||1||.833|
|Howard Jones||1909, 1913||15||2||3||.825|
|Tad Jones||1916–1917, 1920–1927||60||15||4||.785|
|Reginald D. Root||1933||4||4||0||.500|
College Football Hall of Fame inductees
|Hank Ketcham||Center, Guard||1911–1913||1968|
|Alex Kroll||Center||1956, 1960–1961||1997|
|Century Milstead||Tackle||1920–1921, 1923||1977|
|Amos Alonzo Stagg||End||1885–1889||1951|
|Mal Stevens||Quarterback, Halfback||1919–1921, 1923||1974|
Yale players in the NFL
More than 25 players from Yale have gone on to play in the National Football League, including running backs Calvin Hill, Chuck Mercein and Chris Hetherington, defensive backs Dick Jauron, Gary Fencik and Kenny Hill, tight ends Eric Johnson and John Spagnola, quarterback Brian Dowling, and linemen Fritz Barzilauskas, Century Milstead and Mike Pyle.
|Fritz Barzilauskas||Guard||1947–1951||Boston Yanks, New York Bulldogs, New York Giants|
|Art Braman||Tackle||1922–1923||Racine Legion|
|Bruce Caldwell||Fullback||1928||New York Giants|
|Rich Diana||Running back||1982||Miami Dolphins|
|Brian Dowling||Quarterback||1972–1977||New England Patriots, Charlotte Hornets (WFL), Green Bay Packers|
|Greg Dubinetz||Guard||1979||Washington Redskins|
|Joe Dufek||Quarterback||1983–1985||Buffalo Bills, San Diego Chargers|
|Gary Fencik||Defensive back||1976–1987||Chicago Bears|
|Chris Hetherington||Fullback||1996–2006||Indianapolis Colts, Carolina Panthers, St. Louis Rams, Oakland Raiders, San Francisco 49ers|
|Calvin Hill||Running back||1969–1981||Dallas Cowboys, The Hawaiians (WFL), Washington Redskins, Cleveland Browns|
|Kenny Hill||Defensive back||1981–1989||Oakland Raiders, Los Angeles Raiders, New York Giants, Kansas City Chiefs|
|Dick Jauron||Defensive back||1973–1980||Detroit Lions, Cincinnati Bengals|
|Eric Johnson||Tight end||2001–2007||San Francisco 49ers, New Orleans Saints|
|Herb Kempton||Quarterback||1921||Canton Bulldogs|
|Alex Kroll||Tackle, Center||1962–1962||New York Titans|
|Nate Lawrie||Tight end||2004–2008||Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New Orleans Saints, Cincinnati Bengals|
|Don Martin||Defensive back||1973–1976||New England Patriots, Kansas City Chiefs, Tampa Bay Buccaneers|
|Chuck Mercein||Running back||1965–1970||New York Giants, Green Bay Packers, Washington Redskins, New York Jets|
|Than Merrill||Defensive back||2001||Chicago Bears|
|Century Milstead||Tackle||1925–1928||New York Giants, Philadelphia Quakers (AFL), New York Giants|
|John Prchlik||Tackle||1949–1953||Detroit Lions|
|Gene Profit||Defensive back||1986–1988||New England Patriots|
|Mike Pyle||Center||1961–1969||Chicago Bears|
|Jeff Rohrer||Linebacker||1982–1987||Dallas Cowboys|
|Bill Schuler||Tackle||1947–1948||New York Giants|
|John Spagnola||Tight end||1979–1989||Philadelphia Eagles, Seattle Seahawks, Green Bay Packers|
|Paul Walker||End, Defensive back||1948||New York Giants|
Since the first All-American team was selected by Casper Whitney in 1889, more than 100 Yale football players have been selected as first-team All-Americans. Consensus All-Americans are noted below with bold typeface.
- 1889: Amos Alonzo Stagg (end), Charles O. Gill (tackle), Pudge Heffelfinger (guard)
- 1890: William Rhodes (tackle), Pudge Heffelfinger, Lee McClung (halfback)
- 1891: Frank Hinkey (end), Josh Hartwell (end), Wallace Winter (tackle), Pudge Heffelfinger (guard), Lee McClung (halfback)
- 1892: Frank Hinkey (end), Alexander Hamilton Wallis (tackle), Vance McCormick (halfback)
- 1893: Frank Hinkey (end), Bill Hickock (guard), Frank Butterworth (halfback)
- 1894: Frank Hinkey (end), Anson Beard (tackle), Bill Hickock (guard), Phillip Stillman (center), George Adee (quarterback), Frank Butterworth (fullback)
- 1895: Fred Murphy (tackle), Sam Thorne (halfback)
- 1896: Lyman Bass (end), Fred Murphy (tackle), Burr Chamberlain (center), Clarence Fincke (quarterback)
- 1897: John Hall[disambiguation needed ] (end), Burr Chamberlain (tackle), Rodgers (tackle), Gordon Brown (guard), Charles Chadwick (guard), George Cadwalader (center), Charles de Saulles (quarterback)
- 1898: Burr Chamberlain (guard), Gordon Brown (guard), Malcolm McBride (halfback)
- 1899: George Stillman (tackle), Gordon Brown (guard), Albert Sharpe (halfback), Malcolm McBride (fullback)
- 1900: Sherman Coy (end), George Stillman (tackle), James Bloomer (tackle), Gordon Brown (guard), Herman Olcott (center), George Chadwick (halfback), William Finck (halfback), Albert Sharpe (halfback), Perry Hale (fullback)
- 1901: James Hogan (tackle), Herman Olcott (guard), Henry Holt (center)
- 1902: Tom Shevlin (end), Ralph Kinney (tackle), James Hogan (tackle), Edward Glass (guard), Henry Holt (center), Foster Rockwell (quarterback), George Chadwick (halfback), Harold Metcalf (halfback), Morgan Bowman (fullback)
- 1903: Charles Rafferty (end), Tom Shevlin (end), James Hogan (tackle), James Bloomer (guard), Foster Rockwell (quarterback), Harold Metcalf (halfback), Ledyard Mitchell (fullback)
- 1904: Tom Shevlin (end), Neal (end), James Hogan (tackle), James Bloomer (tackle), Ralph Kinney (guard), Roswell Tripp (guard), Clint Roraback (center), Foster Rockwell (quarterback), Lydig Hoyt (halfback)
- 1905: Tom Shevlin (end), Roswell Tripp (guard), Guy Hutchinson (quarterback), Howard Roome (halfback)
- 1906: Robert Forbes (end), Lucius Horatio Biglow (tackle), Arthur Brides (guard), Clarence Hockenberger (center), Tad Jones (quarterback), Hugh Knox (halfback), Paul Veeder (fullback), Samuel F.B. Morse (fullback)
- 1907: Clarence Alcott (end), Lucius Horatio Biglow (tackle), Tad Jones (quarterback), Ted Coy (fullback)
- 1908: William Goebel (guard), Hamlin Andrus (guard), Ted Coy (fullback)
- 1909: John Kilpatrick (end), Henry Hobbs (tackle), Hamlin Andrus (guard), Carroll Cooney (center), Stephen Philbin (halfback), Ted Coy (fullback)
- 1910: John Kilpatrick (end), Jim Scully (tackle), Fred J. Daly (halfback)
- 1911: Douglas Bomeisler (end), Jim Scully (tackle), Pomeroy Francis (guard), Hank Ketcham (center), Art Howe (quarterback), Jesse Philbin (fullback)
- 1912: Douglas Bomeisler (end), Carroll T. Cooney (guard), Hank Ketcham (center)
- 1913: Ben Avery (end), Bud Talbott (tackle), John Pendleton (guard), Hank Ketcham (guard), William Marting (center)
- 1914: Red Brann (end), Bud Talbott (tackle), Harry LeGore (fullback)
- 1915: Clinton Black (guard)
- 1916: Charles Comerford (end), George Moseley (end), Clinton Black (guard), Lawrence Fox (guard)
- 1920: Tim Callahan (guard), John Acosta (guard)
- 1921: Malcolm Aldrich (halfback)
- 1922: Harry Cross (guard), Phillip Cruikshank (guard)
- 1923: Century Milstead (tackle), Bill Mallory (fullback)
- 1924: Dick Luman (end), Johnny H. Joss (tackle), Winslow Lovejoy (center), Ducky Pond (halfback)
- 1925: Johnny H. Joss (tackle), Herbert Sturhahn (guard)
- 1926: Herbert Sturhahn (guard)
- 1927: Dwight Fishwick (end), Sidney Quarrier (tackle), Bill Webster (guard), John Charlesworth (center), Bruce Caldwell (halfback)
- 1929: Wade Greene (guard), Albie Booth (quarterback)
- 1930: Frederick Linehan (guard)
- 1932: Robert Lassiter (halfback)
- 1936: Larry Kelley (end), Clint Frank (quarterback)
- 1937: Clint Frank (quarterback)
- 1942: Spencer Moseley (center)
- 1944: Paul Walker (end)
- 1945: Paul Walker (end)
- 1960: Ben Balma (guard)
- 1970: Tom Neville (tackle)
- 1972: Dick Jauron (running back)
- 1977: John Pagliaro (running back)
- 1981: Rich Diana (running back)
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book. Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009-08. pp. 76–81. http://web1.ncaa.org/web_files/stats/football_records/DI/2009/2009FBS.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Walter "The Father of Football" Camp". College Football Hall of Fame. http://www.collegefootball.org/famer_selected.php?id=88004.
- Mark F. Bernstein, Football: The Ivy League Origins of an American Obsession
- "Yale Composite Championship Listing". College Football Data Warehouse. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_iaa/ivyleague/yale/championships.php.
- Thomas G. Bergin (1984). The Game: The Harvard-Yale Football Rivalry, 1875–1983. Yale University Press.
- Bernard M. Corbett and Paul Simpson (2004). The Only Game That Matters. Crown. ISBN 1-4000-5068-5.
- "Yale Bowl, Class of 1954 Field". Yale Athletics. http://www.yalebulldogs.com/information/facilities/yale_bowl/index. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- James H. Charleton (December, 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Yale Bowl". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/87000756.pdf.
- "Yale Coaching Records". College Football Data Warehouse. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_iaa/ivyleague/yale/coaching_records.php.
- "Hall of Fame Inductee Search". College Football Hall of Fame. http://www.collegefootball.org/famersearch.php. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "Yale Players/Alumni". pro-football-reference.com. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/colleges/yale/.