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Washington Huskies
AmericanFootball current event.svg.png Current season
125pxpx 200px
First season 1889
Athletic director Scott Woodward
Head coach Steve Sarkisian
Home stadium Husky Stadium
Stadium capacity 72,500
Stadium surface FieldTurf
Location Seattle, Washington
Conference Pac-10
All-time record
Postseason bowl record 16–14–1
Claimed national titles 4 (1960, 1984, 1990, 1991) [1]
Conference titles 15 (1916, 1919, 1925, 1936, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2000)
Heisman winners 0
Consensus All-Americans 20
Current uniform
275px
Colors Purple and Gold[2][3]            
Fight song Bow Down to Washington
Mascot Dubs
Marching band University of Washington Husky Marching Band
Rivals Washington State Cougars
Oregon Ducks
Website GoHuskies.com

College football has a long history at the University of Washington. The Washington Huskies have won 15 Pacific-10 Conference Championships, 7 Rose Bowl Titles, and 4 National Championships. Washington's all-time record of 653-398-50 (as of 2008) ranks 20th by all-time winning percentage and 21st by all-time victories. The team has two of the nation's longest winning streaks including an NCAA second-best of 39 wins in a row, holds the Division I-A unbeaten record at 63 consecutive games,[4] and has had a total of twelve unbeaten seasons including seven perfect seasons.[5] Washington is one of four charter members of what became the Pacific-10 Conference and one of only two schools with uninterrupted membership. From 1977 through 2003, Washington had 27 consecutive non-losing seasons—the most of any team in the Pac-10 and the 14th longest streak by an NCAA Division I-A team.[6] Through the 2008 season, its 342 conference victories rank second in league history.[7] The Huskies play on-campus in historic Husky Stadium.

Washington is often referred to as one of the top Quarterback U's due to the long history of quarterbacks to play in the NFL. Seventeen of the last 19 starting quarterbacks dating back to 1970 have gone onto the NFL, the most recent of whom was Jake Locker, drafted 8th overall by the Tennessee Titans in the 2011 NFL Draft.

As of 2009, Washington is one of only four of the 120 Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I-A) teams to have never played a Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA) team since Division I was split in 1978.[8]

Washington is the current holder of the 2010 Apple Cup, defeating Washington State University 35-28 at Martin Stadium. The 2010 Holiday Bowl was Washington's first bowl game appearance in 8 seasons.

Head coachesEdit

Years Head coach Record Bowl game record
1889–1890 None 0–1–1
1892–1893 W. B. Goodwin 2–4–1
1894 Charles Cobb 1–1–1
1895–1896, 1898 Ralph Nichols 7–4–1
1897 Carl L. Clemans 1–2
1899 A. S. Jeffs 4–1–1
1900 J. S. Dodge 1–2–2
1901 Jack Wright 3–3
1902–1904 James Knight 15–4–1
1905 Oliver Cutts 4–2–2
1906–1907 Victor Place 8-5-6
1908–1916 Gil Dobie* 58–0–3
1917, 1919 Claude J. Hunt 6–3–1
1918 Tony Savage 1–1
1920 Leonard Allison 1–5
1921–1929 Enoch Bagshaw 63–22–6 0–1–1
1930–1941 James Phelan* 65–37–8 1–1
1942–1947 Ralph Welch 27–20–3 0–1
1948–1952 Howard Odell 23–25–2
1953–1955 John Cherberg 10–18–2
1956 Darrell Royal* 5–5
1957–1974 Jim Owens 99–82–6 2–1
1975–1992 Don James* 153–57–2 10–4
1993–1998 Jim Lambright 44–25–1 1–3
1999–2002 Rick Neuheisel 35–16 1–3
2003–2004 Keith Gilbertson 7–16
2005–2008 Tyrone Willingham 11–37
2009–present Steve Sarkisian 12–13 1–0

*Member of College Football Hall of Fame

National championshipsEdit

Washington claims the following national championships:

Year Coach Selector Record Bowl Game
1960 Jim Owens Helms 10-1 Won Rose Bowl
1984 Don James B(QPRS), FN, NCF 11-1 Won Orange Bowl
1990 Don James Rothman/FACT 10-2 Won Rose Bowl
1991 Don James B(QPRS), DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN 12-0 Won Rose Bowl
National Championships 4


All-time record vs. PAC-12 opponentsEdit

School UW Record Streak 1st Meeting
Arizona UW 17-9-1 Lost 1 1978
Arizona State Tie 15-15 Lost 7 1975
California UW 49-38-4 Won 2 1904
Colorado Tie 5-5-1 Won 2 1915
Oregon UW 58-40-5 Lost 7 1900
Oregon State UW 58-33-4 Won 1 1897
USC USC 28-49-4 Won 2 1923
Stanford UW 40-37-4 Lost 3 1893
UCLA UCLA 30-38-2 Won 1 1932
Utah UW 6-0 Won 6 1931
Washington State UW 66-31-6 Won 2 1900

Memorable teamsEdit

1960 National ChampionsEdit

The 1960 team took an improbable road to the Rose Bowl and national championship. After suffering a 1 point setback to Navy in week three, the team reeled off eight straight league wins capped by a triumph over Associated Press #1 Minnesota in the Rose Bowl. Because the final Associated Press and United Press International polls were conducted after the final game of the regular season, Minnesota is the AP and UPI national champion for 1960. The postseason poll conducted by the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Washington as national champions.

1960 10-1 (Pac 10)
Date Opponent Result Score Notes
September 17 vs. Pacific W 55 6
September 24 vs. Idaho W 41 12
October 1 vs. Navy L 15 14
October 8 @ *Stanford W 29 10
October 15 vs. *UCLA W 10 8
October 22 @ *Oregon State (Portland) W 30 29
October 29 vs. *Oregon W 7 6
November 5 @ *USC W 34 0
November 12 vs. *California W 27 7
November 19 @ *Washington State W 8 7
January 2 vs. Minnesota W 17 7 @ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl
*Conference Game 272 107

1984 National ChampionsEdit

The Huskies opened the 1984 college football season with a 9-0 record which included a 20-11 win at #4 Michigan in Michigan Stadium. While being ranked #1 in the AP poll, the Huskies dropped a 16-7 game to eventual Pac-10 champion USC, which cost Washington a chance at the Rose Bowl. The Huskies instead were invited to play in the Orange Bowl against the #2 Oklahoma Sooners. The game is famous for the Sooner Schooner incident. After Oklahoma kicked a field goal to take a 17-14 lead in the fourth quarter, a penalty was called on the Sooners which nullified the score. The Sooner Schooner driver, who didn’t see the flag, drove the wagon on the field and was immediately flagged for unsportsmanlike conduct. The ensuing field goal attempt was blocked and led a momentum shift which saw Washington score two touchdowns in less than a minute en route to a 28-17 victory. Senior Jacque Robinson rushed for 135 yards and was named MVP, the first player in history to be named MVP of both the Orange and Rose Bowls.

In winning, the Huskies became the first team from the Pac-10 to play in and win the Orange Bowl. The Huskies finished the year ranked #2 in the polls, behind the WAC champion Brigham Young (13-0-0), 24-17 victors over the unranked Michigan Wolverines (6-5-0) in the Holiday Bowl. BYU's title was notable for being the only time since the inception of the AP poll that a team was awarded the national title without beating an opponent ranked in the top 25 at the season's end. The B (QPRS), FN, and NCF polls awarded the Huskies the national championship.

1984 11-1 (Pac 10)
Date Opponent Result Score Notes
September 8 vs. Northwestern (2-9) W 26 0
September 15 @ Michigan (6-6) W 20 11
September 22 vs. Houston (7-5) W 35 7
September 29 vs. Miami (Ohio) (4-7) W 53 7
October 6 @ *Oregon State (2-9) W 19 7
October 13 @ *Stanford (5-6) W 37 15
October 20 vs. *Oregon (6-5) W 17 10
October 27 vs. *Arizona (7-4) W 28 12
November 3 vs. *California (2-9) W 44 14
November 10 @ *USC (9-3) L 7 16
November 17 @ *Washington State (6-5) W 38 29
January 1 vs. Oklahoma (9-2-1) W 28 17 @ Miami, FL Orange Bowl
*Conference Game 352 145

1990 National ChampionsEdit

The Huskies started out the season with two solid wins against San Jose State and Purdue, then welcomed 5th ranked USC and won 31-0. The next week they had a close loss to eventual AP national champion Colorado. After that loss, Washington went on to finish the season averaging over 40 points a game while only giving up 14. Also, during this time Washington would end up beating two more ranked teams on their way to the Rose Bowl. Yet, in the second to last game Washington lost a heartbreaker to UCLA. Washington subsequently entered the Rose Bowl with a record of 9-2 looking for a victory over highly ranked Iowa. During the game, the Huskies won in dominating fashion with a final score of 46-34, displaying its trademark defense including a NCAA-best run-defense which allowed 66.8 yards per game.[9]

The AP said that the University of Colorado was the National Champion along with the UPI choosing the only undefeated team Georgia Tech. Washington was ranked #5 in the AP poll, receiving no first place votes.[10] The Rothman/FACT, active from 1968–2006, stated that the Washington Huskies were National Champions for 1990, sharing the honor with Colorado, Georgia Tech, and Miami.[11]

1990 10-2 (Pac 10)
Date Opponent Result Score Notes
September 8 vs. San Jose State W 20 17
September 15 @ Purdue W 20 14
September 22 vs. #5 *USC W 31 0
September 29 @ #20 Colorado L 14 20
October 6 @ *Arizona State W 42 14
October 13 vs. #19 *Oregon W 38 17
October 20 @ *Stanford W 52 16
October 27 vs. *Cal W 46 7
November 3 vs. #23 *Arizona W 54 10
November 10 vs. *UCLA L 22 25
November 17 @ *Washington State W 55 10
January 1 vs. Iowa W 46 34 @ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl
*Conference Game 440 184

1991 National ChampionsEdit

The Huskies opened the 1991 season on the road, with a 42-7 victory over the Stanford Cardinal. Following a week off, Washington traveled to Lincoln, Nebraska for a showdown with #9 Nebraska. Trailing 21-9 late in the third quarter, Washington staged a rally, scoring 27 unanswered points to claim a 36-21 victory. The Husky offense, led by junior QB Billy Joe Hobert, gained a total of 618 yards. The 618 yards given up by the Cornhuskers was the most in 35 years. The following week saw the return of QB Mark Brunell, the 1991 Rose Bowl MVP who had suffered a knee injury in the spring, as the Huskies beat Kansas State 56-3, while holding the Wildcats to minus-17 yards on the ground. The Huskies followed with back-to-back shutouts of Arizona and Toledo. California was next and the Huskies traveled to Berkeley to face the #7 Golden Bears. Washington won a wild game that was decided on the final play when Walter Bailey broke up a pass on the goal line to preserve a 24-17 win for the Huskies. Oregon and Arizona State visited Husky Stadium next and each walked away with a loss. The Huskies went on their final road trip of the season, first to USC where they won in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum for the first time since 1980. Needing a victory to clinch a Rose Bowl berth, Washington rolled to a 58-6 win over Oregon State. The Washington State Cougars came to Seattle for the Apple Cup but were no match for the Huskies, as Washington won 56-21, setting up a showdown with Michigan for the National Championship.

The Championship Game was the Rose Bowl, held January 1, 1992. The Huskies defense, led by Lombardi Award and Outland Trophy winner Steve Emtman, held Michigan to only 205 total yards, all while holding Heisman Trophy winner Desmond Howard to only one catch. The Husky offense, led by quarterbacks Mark Brunell and Billy Joe Hobert, racked up 404 yards of total offense in leading the Huskies to a 34-14 Rose Bowl victory. Hobert and Emtman shared MVP honors.

The Huskies were voted national champions by the USA Today/CNN Coaches Poll. The 1991 team averaged over 41 points per game, only once scoring fewer than 20 points, and held opponents to an average of less than 10 points per game, including two shutouts.

1991 12-0 (Pac 10) Pac 10 Champion
Date Opponent Result Score Notes
September 7 @ *Stanford (8-4) W 42 7
September 21 @ Nebraska (9-2-1) W 36 21
September 28 vs. Kansas State (7-4) W 56 3
October 5 vs. *Arizona (4-7) W 54 0
October 12 vs. Toledo (5-5-1) W 48 0
October 19 @ *California (10-2) W 24 17
October 26 vs. *Oregon (3-8) W 29 7
November 2 vs. *Arizona State (6-5) W 44 16
November 9 @ *USC (3-8) W 14 3
November 16 @ *Oregon State (1-10) W 58 6
November 23 vs. *Washington State (4-7) W 56 21
January 1 vs. Michigan (10-2) W 34 14 @ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl
*Conference Game 495 115

2001 Rose Bowl ChampionsEdit

Washington, under second-year head coach Rick Neuheisel, opened the 2000 season with a 44-20 victory over the Idaho Vandals. The Miami Hurricanes traveled to Seattle the next week and senior QB Marques Tuiasosopo threw for 223 yards and ran for 45 as the Huskies handed the #4 Hurricanes their only loss of the season 34-29.

The following week former Colorado coach Rick Neuheisel led his Huskies to Boulder, Colorado to face his former team. The Huskies celebrated their coach's homecoming with a 17-14 victory. Oregon spoiled Washington's hopes for a perfect season with a 23-16 setback but the Huskies responded the next week with a dramatic 33-30 victory over eventual Fiesta Bowl champion Oregon State. The following five weeks saw the Huskies have to battle back from second half deficits in every game, including a 31-28 win over Stanford that was marked with tragedy. Safety Curtis Williams was paralyzed after a neck injury during the game. For the remainder of the season, players and coaches wore the letters "CW" on helmets and uniforms in honor of him. After several second half comebacks, Washington was finally able to win a game easily with a 51-3 victory over Washington State in the Apple Cup setting a record for largest margin of victory in the series. With the win over the Cougars, paired with an Oregon State win over Oregon, the Huskies were headed to the Rose Bowl. Marques Tuiasosopo earned Rose Bowl MVP honors as he led Washington to a 34-24 win over Purdue and Drew Brees. The Huskies finished ranked #3 in the polls.

2000 11-1 (Pac 10) Pac 10 Champion
Date Opponent Result Score Notes
September 2 vs. Idaho (5-6) W 44 20
September 9 vs. Miami (Florida) (11-1) W 34 29
September 16 @ Colorado (3-8) W 17 14
September 30 @ *Oregon (10-2) L 16 23
October 7 vs. *Oregon State (11-1) W 33 30
October 14 @ *Arizona State (6-6) W 21 15
October 21 vs. *California (3-8) W 36 24
October 28 @ *Stanford (5-6) W 31 28
November 4 vs. *Arizona (5-6) W 35 32
November 11 vs. *UCLA (6-6) W 35 28
November 18 @ *Washington State (4-7) W 51 3
January 1 vs. Purdue (8-4) W 34 24 @ Pasadena, CA Rose Bowl
*Conference Game 387 270

The Gil Dobie yearsEdit

From 1907 to 1917, Washington football teams were unbeaten in 63 consecutive games, fielding 1930 points, and allowing only 118, still an NCAA Division I-A record.[4] During this period, Washington won 39 games in a row, including a 100 – 0 victory over Whitworth University, under coach, Gil Dobie, the currently second longest winning streak in NCAA Division I-A history.[4] In 1916, Dobie finished his remarkable coaching career at Washington with an undefeated 58-0-3 record.[12]

The 1910-1919 Washington Huskies has even been picked by some analyst as the team of the decade with only four total losses for the decade. There were two main reasons for the pick. First, the Huskies were the most dominant team, in terms of points, in the nation during that decade. And second, the return of the Rose Bowl, and the victories of Washington State University and Oregon State University over Brown University and University of Pennsylvania, respectively, in an era dominated by Ivy League schools suggested a strong Pacific Conference.[13]


Current coaching staffEdit

  • Steve Sarkisian - Head Coach
  • Nick Holt - Assistant Head Coach/Defensive Coordinator
  • Doug Nussmeier - Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks Coach
  • Johnny Nansen - Special Teams/Recruiting/Defense Line Coach
  • Mike Cox - Linebackers Coach
  • Jimmie Dougherty - Wide Receivers Coach
  • Demetrice Martin - Cornerbacks Coach
  • Jeff Mills - Safeties Coach
  • Joel Thomas - Running Backs Coach
  • Dan Cozzetto - Offensive Line Coach

Bowl gamesEdit

The Washington Huskies have a long history and tradition of playing in the Rose Bowl.

The Huskies' 14 Rose Bowl appearances are second only to USC in the Pac-10 and third overall (behind USC with 30 and the Michigan Wolverines with 19). The Huskies' seven victories are also third behind USC (21) and Michigan (8). In addition, Washington is also in an elite group of only six schools to make back-to-back-to-back appearances in the Rose Bowl, a feat they accomplished in 1990-1992. The other schools are Ohio State and Michigan from the Big 10 and California, Stanford and USC from the Pac-10. Washington has won at least one Rose Bowl game in every decade since the 1960s.

Date Bowl Site Opponent W/L/T UW-OPP Attendance Notes
Jan. 1, 1924 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Navy T 14-14 40,000 First Rose Bowl Appearance
Jan. 1, 1926 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Alabama L 19-20 45,000
Jan. 1, 1937 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Pittsburgh L 0-21 87,196
Jan. 1, 1938 Poi Bowl Honolulu, Hawai’i Hawai’i W 53-13 13,500
Jan. 1, 1944 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA USC L 0-29 68,000
Jan. 1, 1960 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Wisconsin W 44-8 100,809
Jan. 2, 1961 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Minnesota W 17-7 97,314 National Champions
Jan. 1, 1964 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Illinois L 7-17 96,957
Jan. 2, 1978 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Michigan W 27-20 105,312
Dec. 22, 1979 Sun Bowl El Paso, TX Texas W 14-7 33,412
Jan. 1, 1981 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Michigan L 6-23 104,863
Jan. 1, 1982 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Iowa W 28-0 105,611
Dec. 25, 1982 Aloha Bowl Honolulu, HI Maryland W 21-20 30,055
Dec. 26, 1983 Aloha Bowl Honolulu, HI Penn State L 10-13 37,212
Jan. 1, 1985 Orange Bowl Miami, FL Oklahoma W 28-17 56,294 National Champions,
First Pac-10 Participant
Dec. 30, 1985 Freedom Bowl Anaheim, CA Colorado W 20-17 30,961
Dec. 25, 1986 Sun Bowl El Paso, TX Alabama L 6-28 48,722
Dec. 19, 1987 Independence Bowl Shreveport, LA Tulane W 24-12 41,683
Dec. 30, 1989 Freedom Bowl Anaheim, CA Florida W 34-7 33,858
Jan. 1, 1991 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Iowa W 46-34 101,273 National Champions
Jan. 1, 1992 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Michigan W 34-14 103,566 National Champions
Jan. 1, 1993 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Michigan L 31-38 94,236
Dec. 29, 1995 Sun Bowl El Paso, TX Iowa L 18-38 49,116
Dec. 30, 1996 Holiday Bowl San Diego, CA Colorado L 21-33 54,749
Dec. 25, 1997 Aloha Bowl Honolulu, HI Michigan State W 51-23 34,419
Dec. 25, 1998 Oahu Bowl Honolulu, HI Air Force L 25-45 46,451
Dec. 29, 1999 Holiday Bowl San Diego, CA Kansas State L 20-24 57,118
Jan. 1, 2001 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Purdue W 34-24 94,392
Dec. 28, 2001 Holiday Bowl San Diego, CA Texas L 43-47 60,548
Dec. 31, 2002 Sun Bowl El Paso, TX Purdue L 24-34 48,917
Dec. 30, 2010 Holiday Bowl San Diego, CA Nebraska W 19-7 57,921 lost during season to Nebraska 56-21
16-14-1

Memorable gamesEdit

1975 Apple CupEdit

In the 1975 Apple Cup, Washington State led 27-14 with 3 minutes left in the game. WSU attempted a fourth-and-one conversion at the UW 14-yard line rather than a field goal. The resulting pass was intercepted by Al Burleson and returned 93 yards for a touchdown. After a WSU three-and-out, Warren Moon's tipped pass was caught by Spider Gaines for a 78 yard TD reception and a dramatic 28-27 Washington win. WSU Head Coach Jim Sweeney resigned a week later, leaving with a 26-59-1 record.

1981 Apple CupEdit

When 14th-ranked Washington State and 17th-ranked Washington met in the 1981 Apple Cup, it was billed as the biggest game in the series since the 1936 game when the winner traveled to the Rose Bowl. Washington's defense was the best in the league, while the Cougars ranked high in the offenseive categories. The outcome of the UCLA-USC game, which kicked off 40 minutes before the UW-WSU game, also had an impact on the game. The Huskies needed the Trojans to upset UCLA to clear the way for a Rose Bowl bid. With so much at stake, there was plenty of scoreboard watching by the frenzied Husky faithful.

With his team trailing 7-3 late in the second quarter, Husky quarterback Steve Pelluer fired a low pass towards wide-out Paul Skansi. Washington State cornerback Nate Brady looked as if he would smother the ball when Skansio dove over the defender for an amazing catch in the endzone.

Washington State drove the ball 69 yards to open the second half and tie the score at 10. From that point the Huskies- behind the fine play of their offensive line- took control. Ron "Cookie" Jackson capped an 80 yard march by running 23 yards to put the Huskies ahead 17-10. Following a Cougar turnover, All-American kicker Chuck Nelson booted his second field goal of the game to increase the Huskies' lead to 10 points.

The fate of the Cougars was sealed when the score of the USC-UCLA game was announced- the Trojans had engineered an upset. The crowd went wild, Nelson added a field goal with less than three minutes to play, and the Huskies were off to the Rose Bowl.

1990 - 'All I Saw Was Purple'Edit

Heading into the 1990 season, the winner of the USC-Washington game had gone to the Rose Bowl in 10 of the previous 13 seasons. the 1990 match would substantiate that trend. Washington's All-Centennial team was feted the night before and introduced at halftime of the game, while two members of the historic team- Hugh McElhenny and Nesby Glasgow- delivered inspirational talks to the team. On a bright, sunny day with the temperature reaching 92 degrees, the crowd of 72,617 eagerly awaited the contest. They could not have imagined the outcome.

For just the third time in 23 seasons the Huskies shut out USC, handing the Trojans their worst conference defeat in 30 years. "Student Body Right" was held to only 28 rushing yards as the Husky defense dominated the line of scrimmage. Greg Lewis the Doak Walker Award winner as the nation's top running back gained 126 rushing yards and sophomore quarterback Mark Brunell threw for 197 yards as the Huskies rolled to a 24-0 halftime lead.

The Husky defense, led by All-American lineman Steve Emtman, stopped everything the Trojans attempted. The defense would hold USC to 163 total yards and seven first downs for the game. They would record three sacks and put so much pressure on Marinovich that after the game, weary and beaten, he said famously: "I just saw purple. That's all. No numbers, just purple".

1992 - 'A Night To Remember'Edit

Playing a rare night game, Washington posted an impressive victory against 12th-ranked Nebraska that might have provided the loudest moment in the stadium's long and boisterous history.

Late in the first quarter, Husky Punter John Werdel pinned Nebraska on its three yard-line. Crowd noise caused the Husker linemen to false start on consecutive plays, only adding to the frenzy of the crowd.

When Nebraska quarterback Mike Grant dropped back to his own endzone to attempt a pass, everyone in the stands watched roverback Tommie Smith blitz Grant from his blindside and drop him for a safety. The deafening roar reverberating off the twin roofs literally had the stadium rocking. An ESPN sideline reporter armed with a noise meter reported that the clamor reached 133.6 decibels (ESPN).

Holding a 9-7 lead, the Husky offense went into quick-strike mode at the close of the second quarter. Speedy running back Napoleon Kaufman ended an 80-yard drive with a 1-yard scoring run. Walter Bailey intercepted Grant after the kickoff, and the Huskies went for the kill. Quarterback Billy Joe Hobert threw a 24-yard scoring pass to a diving Joe Kralik to boost the lead to 23-7. Kicker Travis Hanson then boosted a pair of field goals in the second half to cinch a 29-14 win, and jump the Huskies to number one in the wire service polls the following week.

1994 - The 'Whammy in Miami'Edit

The 'Whammy in Miami' was a college football game played between the Huskies and the Miami Hurricanes on September 24, 1994 in Miami's Orange Bowl. The game was the first football contest between the two schools, but they did share a piece of football history. During the 1991 season, both teams finished the year with identical 12-0 records and both teams were crowned National Champions. The teams were unable to settle the championship on the field, as both teams were locked into their respective bowl games (Washington in the Rose and Miami in the Orange). As a result, both schools agreed to schedule the other for a series of games.

Entering the game, the University of Miami had an NCAA record home winning streak of 58 games, was ranked 5th in the nation and had a 2-0 record. The Hurricanes had not lost at the Orange Bowl since 1985 and not to a team from outside of Florida since 1984. The Huskies on the other hand were 1-1, following a loss to USC and win over Ohio State. Odds makers placed the Huskies as a 14 point underdog. The Hurricanes appeared to be on their way to another home victory and proving the odds makers right in leading the Huskies 14-3 at halftime. After half-time the Huskies came out firing scoring 22 points in 5 minutes. Key plays included a 75 yard touchdown pass, 34 yard interception return, and a fumble recovery. The Huskies showed no signs of slowing down and dominated the second half on the way to the 38-20 victory. The upset made national headlines, including being the top story on ESPN's SportsCenter.

The final score was Washington 38, Miami 20.

2001 Apple CupEdit

Entering the Apple Cup, Washington State (ranked #9 and a 9-1 record), with a BCS bowl-berth and Pac-10 title on the line. The #16-ranked Huskies upset the Cougars by a score of 26-14, removing WSU from contention.

2002 Apple CupEdit

With the game in Pullman, #3 Washington State entered the game poised for BCS National Championship game consideration, behind QB Jason Gesser. Gesser was injured by DT Terry "Tank" Johnson late in the game. The Cougars led 20-10 with less than 4 minutes left in the game, by Matt Kegel replacing Gesser. UW used a timely interception from freshman cornerback Nate Robinson to force Overtime. The teams traded FGs in the first two overtime periods, with John Anderson nailing a 3rd kick to start the third overtime period. In the Cougar's possession, Kegel was ruled by Gordon Riese to have thrown a backward pass which was knocked down and recovered by defensive end Kai Ellis, resulting in a fumble recovered by Washington to end the game. The Martin Stadium crowd erupted with some bottles being thrown by angry players and fans at celebrating players and fans. Then UW athletic director Barbara Hedges said at the time she "feared for her life."[14]

2009 "Miracle on Montlake"Edit

Entering the game, the #3 Trojans had momentum and the national spotlight after their defeat of Ohio State in Columbus the week before. Washington, meanwhile, had just won its first game in 16 contests with a victory over Idaho.

Southern California opened the game with 10 unanswered points, marching down the field at ease. USC was playing without starting quarterback Matt Barkley, who had injured his shoulder the week before at Ohio State, but despite playing with back up QB Aaron Corp, the Trojans were able to lean on an experienced running game and veteran offensive line.

Washington worked its way back into the game with a 4-yard TD run by quarterback Jake Locker, trimming the score to 10-7. Late in the second quarter, placekicker Erik Folk booted a 46-yard field goal to knot the score at 10. The Huskies defense continued to bolster the upset efforts as coordinator Nick Holt's unit plugged up the leaky holes on the line and dared Corp to beat them with his arm.

As the game entered the fourth quarter, the score remained tied. Both teams played cautiously, knowing a mistake would be critical. After swapping field goals, the Huskies took over with four minutes to play. It was this possession where the Huskies not only sealed their comeback, but Jake Locker announced himself to a nationwide audience. The quarterback cooly manuevered his team down the field, converting on two key third downs, including a 3rd-and-15 from his team's own 28. On that play, Locker slung a throw across the sideline to Jermaine Kearse for 21 yards. The Huskies would eventually drive to the USC 4 before trotting out Folk for the coup de grace.

With the last second field goal, the Huskies broke the Trojans hearts and ruined their National Championship aspirations. The 16-13 win also signaled the re-birth of the Washington program. As the final whistle sounded, thousands of fans stormed over the railings, enveloping the field in a sea of purple.

2009 "Immaculate Interception"Edit

On October 10, 2009 the Huskies hosted the Arizona Wildcats at home. The scoring went back and forth but going into the final 3 minutes the Huskies were down 33-28 when Nick Foles dropped back to pass. The pass was deflected off of a sliding Wildcat receivers foot and into the hands of Junior Linebacker Mason Foster who then returned the interception for a touchdown. The Huskies would go on to successfully convert a 2-point conversion and hold off the Wildcats one more time for a 36-33 win.

2010 "Deja Vu"Edit

On September 19, 2009 the Washington Huskies knocked off the #3 USC Trojans at home. A win that was considered a fluke but did catapult them into the top 25. On October 2, 2010 the University of Washington Huskies were riding into the Grand Ol' Lady to face the #18 ranked USC Trojans, a place where they hadn't won since 1996 and also enduring a 13-game road losing streak. They hadn't won on the road since November 3, 2007 against Stanford. The Huskies had the lead for parts of all 4 quarters but never put the game away, including a play in which Jake Locker had the ball stripped out of the end-zone on what was a sure touchdown run. A week prior, Locker was 4-20 against a stifling Nebraska team, he completed 24 of 40 pass attempts for over 300 yards and also ran for 111 yards. Locker did leave the game for 1 play after a knee to helmet hit on a quarterback sneak. Keith Price, a redshirt freshman from Compton, California came in and promptly completed a touchdown pass putting the Huskies ahead 29-28. On the following possession the Trojans hit a field goal to take a 31-29 lead. The Huskies were unsuccessful on the ensuing drive and the Trojans took the ball down the field and with 2+ minutes left, missing a field goal off the right goal post. The Huskies final drive started with two incomplete passes and a near fumble, but on a fourth and 11 Jake Locker completed a pass to a leaping DeAndre Goodwin. The Huskies continued to push the ball down the field into field goal range in a similar situation to the previous year. With 3 seconds left, Erik Folk was kicking with the stage set for a dramatic Husky victory. Trojans coach Lane Kiffin called 2 timeouts, though his attempted icing failed and Erik Folk nailed the game-winning field goal as time expired and the Huskies won their first road game in three years.

Logos and uniformsEdit

They did an interesting thing with a purple helmet under Coach Jim Owens. While the team's helmet color was normally gold, Owens would award an outstanding defensive player the honor of wearing a purple helmet during the game. Rick Redman, an All-American linebacker in the 1960s, wore one. It was rather intimidating for the opposing quarterback to stand behind his center and see this lone purple-helmeted player staring him down before each play.

In 2004, the Huskies switched to a new style of uniforms that were worn up until the 2009 season.

In 2009, the Huskies' uniforms were changed to a new style. For the 2010 season, the Huskies' home jersey was altered to match the style of their away jerseys.

On November 18, 2010, in a home game (Senior Game) against UCLA, the Huskies used a "black out" theme, wearing all-black jerseys and pants while encouraging the entire crowd to dress in all-black as well.[15] On the road for the Apple Cup, the Huskies wore the black pants with their normal white jersey. Again for the Holiday Bowl on December 30th, 2010 the Huskies wore all black jerseys and pants.

Future SchedulesEdit

Announced schedules as of January 12,2011[16]

2011 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Sept. 3 Eastern Washington
Sept. 10 Hawaii
Sept. 17 at Nebraska
Sept. 24 California
Oct. 1 at Utah
Oct. 8 BYE
Oct. 15 Colorado
Oct. 22 at Stanford
Oct. 29 Arizona
Nov. 5 Oregon
Nov. 12 at USC
Nov. 19 at Oregon State
Nov. 26 Washington State

2012 Schedule Edit

Date Opponent
Sept. 1 Portland State
Sept. 8 Nevada
Sept. 29 at Louisiana State
TBD at California
TBD Utah
TBD at Colorado
TBD Stanford
TBD at Arizona
TBD at Oregon
TBD USC
TBD Oregon State
TBD at Washington State

† This home game to be played at CenturyLink Field during remodel of Husky Stadium.

2013 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Sept. 7 Boise State
Sept. 14 at Illinois
Sept. 21 TBD (non-conf)
Date and H/A TBD California
Date and H/A TBD Stanford
Date and H/A TBD Oregon
Date and H/A TBD Oregon State
Date and H/A TBD UCLA
Date and H/A TBD Arizona
Date and H/A TBD Arizona State
Date and H/A TBD Utah
Date and H/A TBD Washington State

2014 Schedule Edit

Date Opponent
Aug. 30 at Hawaii
Sept. 6 Eastern Washington
Sept. 13 Illinois

2015 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Sept. 5 Sacremento State
Sept. 12 Hawaii
Sept. 19 at Boise State

2016 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Sept. 3 TBD
Sept. 10 TBD
Sept. 17 TBD

2017 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Aug. 31 at Wisconsin
Sept. 9 TBD
Sept. 16 TBD

2018 ScheduleEdit

Date Opponent
Sept. 1 Wisconsin
Sept. 8 TBD
Sept. 15 TBD

FacilitiesEdit

Husky StadiumEdit

Husky Stadium is the home football stadium for the University of Washington Husky football team. Located on the university's campus in Seattle, WA and set next to Lake Washington, it is the largest stadium in the Pacific Northwest with a seating capacity of 72,500. Washington has led the modern Pac-10 Conference in game attendance 13 times, including nine consecutive seasons from 1989 to 1997.[9]

With nearly 70 percent of the seats located between the end zones, covered by cantilevered metal roofs, Husky Stadium is one of the loudest stadiums in the country and is the loudest recorded stadium in college football. During the 1992 night game against the Nebraska Cornhuskers, ESPN measured the noise level at 135 decibels, the loudest mark in NCAA history.[17]

In 1968 the Huskies became the first major collegiate team to install an Astroturf field, following the lead of the Astrodome.[18][19][20] Again, prior to the 2000 season, the school was among the leaders adopting FieldTurf, trailing only Memorial Stadium's installation by one season.[21][22]

Renovation of Washington's Husky Stadium will begin on November 7, 2011 and its games will be moved to Qwest Field until the construction completed in 2013.

Dempsey IndoorEdit

The Dempsey Indoor is an 80,000-square-foot (7,432 m2) facility opened in September 2001. The building is utilized as an indoor practice facility for Washington's football, softball, baseball and men's and women's soccer teams.[23]

Individual award winnersEdit

PlayersEdit

Greg Lewis - 1990
Steve Emtman - 1991
Bern Brostek - 1989
Lincoln Kennedy - 1991
Lincoln Kennedy - 1992
Bob Sapp - 1996
Olin Kreutz - 1997
Chad Ward - 2000
Fletcher Jenkins - 1981
Ron Holmes - 1984
Reggie Rogers - 1986
Steve Emtman - 1990
Steve Emtman - 1991
D'Marco Farr - 1993
Steve Emtman - 1991

CoachEdit

Don James - 1991

Heisman votingEdit

Top finishes of Washington players in voting for the Heisman Trophy.

Year Player Finish
1951 Hugh McElhenny 8th
1952 Don Heinrich 9th
1990 Greg Lewis 7th
1991 Steve Emtman 4th
1994 Napoleon Kaufman 9th
2000 Marques Tuiasosopo 8th

Hall of Fame HuskiesEdit

College Football Hall of FameEdit

14 former Washington players and coaches have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame, located in South Bend, Indiana.[24]

Name Position Years Year Inducted
Gil Dobie Coach 1908–1916 1951
George Wilson Halfback 1923–1925 1951
Chuck Carroll Halfback 1926–1928 1964
Paul Schwegler Tackle 1929–1931 1967
James Phelan Coach 1930–1941 1973
Vic Markov Tackle 1935–1937 1976
Hugh McElhenny Halfback 1949–1951 1981
Darrell Royal Coach 1956 1983
Don Heinrich Quarterback 1949–1950, 1952 1987
Bob Schloredt Quarterback 1958–1960 1989
Max Starcevich Guard 1934–1936 1990
Rick Redman Guard / Linebacker 1962–1964 1995
Don James Coach 1975–1992 1997
Steve Emtman Defensive Tackle 1989–1991 2006

Pro Football Hall of FameEdit

3 former Washington players have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, located in Canton, Ohio.[25]

Name Position Years Year Inducted
Hugh McElhenny Halfback 1949–1951 1970
Arnie Weinmeister Defensive Tackle 1942, 1946–1947 1984
Warren Moon Quarterback 1975–1977 2006

Season awardsEdit

Guy Flaherty L. Wait Rising
Lineman Of Year
KOMO John P. Angel KING Chuck Niemi KIRO Earl T. Glant
Year Inspirational Defense Offense Back/Rec. Top OL Top DL Most Improved Big Hit PotY Tough Husky
1908 Guy Flaherty
1909 Fred Tegtmier
1910 Warren Grimm
1911 Tom Wand
1912 Tom Wand
1913 Wayne Sutton
1914 Herman Anderson
1915 Elmer Leader
1916 Elmer Noble
1917 Ernest Murphy
1918
1919 Sanford Wick
1920 Larry Smith
1921 Hanford Hayes
1922 John Wilson
1923 Leonard Ziel
1924 Chalmers Walters
1925 George Wilson
1926 Harold Patton
1927 Gene Cook
1928 Charles Carroll
1929 John Stombaugh
1930 Henry Wentworth
1931 Paul Schwegler
1932 John Cherberg
1933 Glenn Boyle
1934 Paul Sulkosky
1935 Abe Spear
1936 Byron Haines
1937 Everett Austin
1938 Jim Johnston
1939 Dan Yarr
1940 Dean McAdams
1941 Walt Harrison
1942 Thron Riggs
1943 Pete Susick
1944 Jim McCurdy
1945 Maurice Stacy
1946 Fred Provo
1947 Sam Robinson
1948 Mike Scanlan
1949 Joe Cloidt
1950 Roland Kirkby
1951 Jim Wiley
1952 Larry Smith
1953 Milt Bohart
1954 Larry Rhodes
1955 Earl Monlux Earl Monlux Earl Monlux
1956 Corky Lewis George Strugar George Strugar
1957 Dick Payseno Whitey Core Whitey Core
1958 Don Armstrong Don Armstrong Don Armstrong
1959 Don McKeta Kurt Gegner Kurt Gegner
1960 Don McKeta Roy McKasson Roy McKasson Pat Claridge
1961 John Meyers John Meyers John Meyers Lee Bernhardi
1962 Bob Monroe Rod Scheyer Rod Scheyer Bob Monroe
1963 Chuck Bond Mike Briggs Mike Briggs Bill Douglas
1964 Jim Lambright Rick Redman Tod Hullin
1965 Ron Medved Fred Forsberg Dave Williams
1966 Jeff Jordin Tom Greenlee Bob Pederson
1967 Cliff Coker Dean Halverson Dick Zatkovich
1968 Jim Cope George Jugum Al Worley
1969 Lee Brock Mark Hannah Tom Failla
1970 Tom Failla Tom Failla Ernie Janet
Bob Jarvis
Bob Burnmeister
1971 Al Kravitz Al Kravitz
Gordy Guinn
Steve Anderson Gordy Guinn
1972 Calvin Jones Gordy Guinn
Kurt Matter
Al Kelso Al Kelso Calvin Jones
1973 Jim Andrilenas Dave Pear Walter Oldes
Ray Pinney
Steve Lipe Dave Pear
1974 Dennis Fitzpatrick Dave Pear Ray Pinney
Charles Jackson
Robin Earl Cornelius Chenevert
1975 Dan Lloyd Dan Lloyd
Paul Strohmeier
Ray Pinney
John Whitacre
Al Burleson Al Burleson
1976 Mike Baldassin Charles Jackson Carl Van Valkenberg Mike Baldassin Robin Earl
1977 Warren Moon Dave Browning Jeff Toews Warren Moon Warren Moon
1978 Michael Jackson Doug Martin Jeff Toews Chris Linnin Michael Jackson
1979 Joe Steele
Chris Linnin
Bruce Harrell Tom Tumure Jim Pence Mark Lee
1980 Tom Flick Mark Jerue Curt Marsh
Randy Van Divier
Mike Curtis Tom Flick
1981 Vince Coby Fletcher Jenkins James Carter Ray Cattage Mark Jerue
1982 Tim Cowan Ray Cattage Eric Moran Don Dow Chuck Nelson
1983 Steve Pelluer Ron Holmes Rick Mallory Walt Hunt Steve Pelluer
1984 Jim Rodgers Ron Holmes Dan Eernissee Ron Holmes Reggie Rogers Joe Kelly
Tim Peoples
Ron Holmes
1985 Joe Kelly Dan Agen Vestee Jackson Dan Agen Reggie Rogers Jim Mathews Rick Fenney
Tim Peoples
Joe Kelly
1986 Steve Alvord Reggie Rogers Chris Chandler Kevin Gogan Reggie Rogers Steve Roberts Rick McLeod
Tim Peoples
Reggie Rogers
Reggie Rogers
1987 Darryl Franklin Brian Habib Darryl Franklin Mike Zandofsky Dennis Brown Aaron Jenkins Dennis Brown David Rill
1988 Jim Ferrell Bern Brostek Brian Slater Mike Zandofsky Travis Richardson Tony Zachery Eugene Burkhalter Aaron Jenkins
1989 Andre Riley Martin Harrison Andre Riley Bern Brostek Travis Richardson Donald Jones Darius Turner Bern Brostek James Clifford
1990 Greg Lewis Steve Emtman Greg Lewis Jeff Pahukoa John Cook Charles Mincy Dave Hoffman Greg Lewis Aaron Pierce
1991 Mark Brunell Lincoln Kennedy Mario Bailey Ed Cunningham Steve Emtman Shane Pahukoa Dana Hall
Lincoln Kennedy
Dave Hoffmann
1992 Dave Hoffmann Lincoln Kennedy Napoleon Kaufman Jim Nevelle Andy Mason Damon Mack Jaime Fields Shane Pahukoa
1993 Pete Kaligis Pete Pierson Napoleon Kaufman Tom Gallagher D'Marco Farr Russell Hairston Justin Thomas Pete Kaligis
Myles Corrigan
1994 Richard Thomas Frank Garcia Eric Bjornson Andrew Peterson Deke Devers Eric Battle Frank Garcia Eric Bjornson
1995 Leon Neal Trevor Highfield Damon Huard Trevor Highfield David Richie Rashaan Shehee Lawyer Milloy Leon Neal
1996 John Fiala Jason Chorak Corey Dillon Benji Olson David Richie Tony Parrish Dave Janoski Lynn Johnson
1997 Olin Kreutz Olin Kreutz Jerome Pathon Benji Olson Jason Chorak Fred Coleman Reggie Davis Chris Campbell
1998 Reggie Davis
Josh Smith
Jabari Issa Dane Looker Tony Coats Mac Tuiaea Chris Juergens Pat Conniff Josh Smith
1999 Maurice Shaw Kurth Connell Chad Ward Larry Tripplett Jerramy Stevens (O)
Kyle Benn (O)
Todd Elstrom (O)
Anthony Kelley (D)
Toalei Mulitauaopele (D)
Anthony Vontoure (D)
Curtis Williams Dominic Daste
2000 Curtis Williams Chad Ward Elliot Silvers Larry Tripplett Wes Call (O)
Omare Lowe (D)
Ben Mahdavi (D)
Matt Rogers (O)
Jeremiah Pharms Pat Conniff
2001 Willie Hurst Larry Tripplett Kyle Benn Larry Tripplett Paul Arnold (O)
Sam Blanche (D)
Ben Mahdavi Kai Ellis
Cody Pickett
2002 Ben Mahdavi Kai Ellis Nick Newton Kai Ellis Dan Dicks (O)
Charles Frederick (O)
Derrick Johnson (D)
Chris Massey (D)
Jafar Williams Elliott Zajac
Braxton Cleman
Pat Reddick
2003 Owen Biddle Jerome Stevens Nick Newton Tank Johnson Zach Tuiasosopo (O)
Jerome Stevens (D)
Owen Biddle
Zach Tuiasosopo
Greg Carothers
2004 Zach Tuiasosopo Manase Hopoi Brad Vanneman Manase Hopoi Joe Toledo (O)
Scott White (D)
Evan Benjamin
Joe Lobendahn
Evan Benjamin
Brian Gray
2005 Joe Lobendahn Wilson Afoa Tusi Sa'au Greyson Gunheim Stanley Daniels (O)
Roy Lewis (D)
C.J. Wallace Donnie Mateaki
2006 Jordan Reffett Daniel Te'o-Nesheim Clay Walker Greyson Gunheim Quintin Daniels (O)
Dan Howell (D)
C.J. Wallace Matk Palaita
2007 Jordan Reffett Jordan Reffett Juan Garcia Daniel Te'o-Nesheim Marcel Reece (O)
Darin Harris (D)
Paul Homer Paul Homer
2008 Daniel Te'o-Nesheim Daniel Te'o-Nesheim Juan Garcia Daniel Te'o-Nesheim Michael Gottlieb (O)
Donald Butler (D)
Nate Williams (D)
Johnie Kirton Paul Homer

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. Kilwien, Richard; Bechthold, Jeff; Morry, Nicole; Soriano, Jonathan; McLeod, Brianna (2010). Washington Huskies 2010 Football Record Book. University of Washington Athletic Communications Office. pp. 12. http://graphics.fansonly.com/photos/schools/wash/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/FB_Record_Book.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
  2. http://www.washington.edu/externalaffairs/uwmarketing/toolkits/university-brand-guidelines/
  3. http://www.washington.edu/externalaffairs/uwmarketing/toolkits/docs/bg/Visguide.colorsAll.pdf
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Official 2006 NCAA Divisions I-A and I-AA Football Record Book" (PDF). NCAA. p. 110. http://web1.ncaa.org/web_files/stats/football_records/DI/2006/2006RB.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  5. "Washington Yearly Totals". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/pac10/washington/yearly_totals.php. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
  6. "Football Bowl Subdivision Records" (PDF). NCAA. p. 109. http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/football_records/DI/2010/2010FBS.pdf. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
  7. http://www.pac-10.org/photos/schools/pac10/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/2009FBMG-071-093.pdf
  8. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/wash/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/09FBRelLSU.pdf
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/pac10/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/2009FBMG-060-070.pdf
  10. "1990 AP Final Football Poll". AP Poll Archive. http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?seasonid=1990.
  11. "Rothman's FACT Rankings". David Rothman. http://homepages.cae.wisc.edu/~dwilson/rsfc/history/90/rothman.txt. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  12. Steven Travers, Pigskin Warriors: 140 Years of College Football's Greatest Traditions, Games, and Stars
  13. http://www.seattlepi.com/cfootball/148785_acup18.html
  14. Condotta, Bob (November 15, 2010). "Huskies planning to "black out UCLA". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/huskyfootballblog/2013440775_huskies_planning_to_black_out.html.
  15. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/wash/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/futureschedules1.pdf
  16. http://www.washington.edu/alumni/columns/march02/place_stadium.html
  17. http://www.frassfakegrass.com/artificial-grass-los-angeles.html
  18. http://www.sdhometurf.com/history_facts_applications_technical_information_synthetic_turf_san_diego.html
  19. http://football.ballparks.com/NCAA/Pac10/Washington/index.htm
  20. http://www.fieldturf.com/team-sports/high-profile/
  21. http://www.stadiumsofprofootball.com/past/HuskyStadium.htm
  22. http://www.gohuskies.com/facilities/dempsey.html
  23. "College Football Hall of Famers.". collegefootball.org. http://www.collegefootball.org/famersearch.php. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
  24. "Pro Football Hall of Famers.". profootballhof.com. http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/colleges.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-06.

External linksEdit

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