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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (language?)
Flag of Turkey
Anthem: 
Osman Zeki Üngör's Template:Vunblist
CapitalAnkara
Largest city Istanbul
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Official language(s) Turkish
Spoken languages[1]
Ethnic groups 
Demonym
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 -  Vice President Fuat Oktay
 -  Assembly Speaker Mustafa Şentop
Legislature Grand National Assembly
Establishment
 -  War of Independence 19 May 1919 
 -  Grand National Assembly of Turkey 23 April 1920 
 -  Treaty of Lausanne 24 July 1923 
 -  Declaration of Republic 29 October 1923 
Area
 -  Total 783,356 km2 (36th)
302,535 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.3
Population
 -  2018 estimate increase 82,003,882[2] (19th
 -  Density 105[3]/km2 (107th)
262/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
 -  Total 11px $2.274 trillion[4] (13th)
 -  Per capita 11px $27,956[4] (45th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
 -  Total 11px $706.237 billion[4] (17th)
 -  Per capita 11px $9,346[4] (60th)
Gini (2016) 41.9 (56th)
HDI (2017) 0.791 (64th)
Currency Turkish lira (₺) (TRY)
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .tr
Calling code +90

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