|Athletic director||Dave Hart|
|Head coach||Derek Dooley|
|Home stadium||Neyland Stadium|
|Stadium capacity||102,455  |
Largest crowd: 109,061 (Sept. 18, 2004 vs. UF)
|Division||SEC Eastern Division (1992–present)|
|Postseason bowl record||26–24–0|
|Claimed national titles||6|
1938, 1940, 1950, 1951,1967, 1998
|Colors||Orange and White|
|Fight song||Down the Field (Official) |
Rocky Top (Unofficial)
|Marching band||Pride of the Southland Band|
|Rivals||Alabama Crimson Tide|
Ole Miss Rebels
The Tennessee Volunteers football team are an American college football team at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT). The NCAA Division I team is also a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC).
Having played their first season in 1891, the Vols have amassed a successful tradition for well over a century, with their combined record of 791-340-52 ranking them ninth on the list of all-time winningest major college programs as well as second on the list of winningest SEC programs, just behind Alabama's Crimson Tide. Their all-time ranking in bowl appearances is second (tied with the University of Texas) and sixth in all-time bowl victories. They boast six national titles in their history and their last national championship was in the 1998 college football season.
The Vols play at historic Neyland Stadium, where Tennessee has an all-time winning record of 426 games, the second-highest home-field total in college football history for any school in the nation at its current home venue. Only Georgia Tech's Bobby Dodd Stadium, which opened in 1913, eight years before the 1921 opening of Neyland, has hosted more victories (432) for its team. Additionally, its 102,455 seat capacity makes Neyland the nation's fourth largest stadium and largest below the Mason-Dixon Line.
On November 3, 2008, Head Coach Phillip Fulmer announced that he would be stepping down from his position at the end of the season after a winning total of 152 games at his alma mater, followed, four weeks later, by UT's November 30 announcement that Oakland Raiders former head coach Lane Kiffin had been selected as his replacement. Lane Kiffin then left the program on January 12, 2010 to become USC's head coach after less than 14 months on the job. On January 15, 2010, Derek Dooley was named as the Vols 22nd all-time head coach.
- 1 History
- 2 Logos and uniforms
- 3 Traditions
- 4 Head coaching history
- 5 All-time record
- 6 Championships
- 7 Bowl game appearances
- 8 Current Coaching Staff
- 9 Hall of Fame
- 10 Individual award winners
- 11 Past and present NFL players
- 12 References
- 13 External links
History[edit | edit source]
Early years[edit | edit source]
Tennessee's football program began in 1891, but the program's first win did not come until the following season. On October 15, 1892 The football team defeated Maryville College in Maryville, Tennessee by a score of 25–0. Tennessee competed in their first 5 seasons without a coach. In 1899, J. A. Pierce became the first head coach of the team. The team had several coaches with short tenures until Zora G. Clevenger took over in 1911. In 1914, Clevenger led the Vols to a dominant 9-0 season and their first championship, winning the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association title. The Vols would again field an undefeated squad in 1916 under coach John R. Bender, but consistency was elusive.
In 1921, Shields-Watkins field was built. The new home of the Vols was named after William S. Shields and his wife Alice Watkins Shields, the financial backers of the field. The field had bleachers that could seat 3,200 and had been used for baseball the prior year.
In 1922, the team began to wear orange jerseys for the first time after previously wearing black jerseys.
Neyland comes to Tennessee[edit | edit source]
Robert Neyland took over as head coach in 1926. At the time, Neyland was an Army Captain and an ROTC instructor at the school. Interestingly, in the 1929 season at least, his two assistant coaches (also ROTC instructors) out-ranked him. Former player Nathan Dougherty who had then become Dean of the school's engineering program and chairman of athletics made the standard clear: "Even the score with Vanderbilt."
Neyland quickly surpassed the Nashville school which had been dominating football in Tennessee. He also scored a surprise upset victory over heavily favored Alabama in 1928. Neyland captured the school's first Southern Conference title in 1927, in only his second year on the job. In 1929, Gene McEver became the football program's first ever All-American. He led the nation in scoring, and his 130 points still remains as the school record.
In the 1930s, Tennessee saw many more firsts. They played in the New York City Charity Game on December 5, 1931, the program's first ever bowl game. They scored a 13–0 victory over New York University, being led by Herman Hickman. Hickman's performance in the game caught the eye of Grantland Rice, and Hickman was added to Rice's All American team. Hickman would later play professionally in New York, for football's Brooklyn Dodgers. After the 1932 season, Tennessee joined the Southeastern Conference, setting the stage for years of new rivalries. Captain Neyland led the Vols to a 76–7–5 record from 1926 to 1934. After the 1934 season, Neyland was called into military service in Panama. Neyland's first stint with UT saw the Vols rattle off undefeated streaks of 33, 28 and 14 games, including five undefeated seasons (1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, and 1932).
Neyland returns[edit | edit source]
Tennessee struggled to a losing record during Neyland's time in Panama. He returned to find a rebuilding project in 1936. In 1936 and 1937, the Vols won six games each season. However, in 1938, Neyland's Vols began one of the more impressive streaks in NCAA football history. Led by the likes of Tennessee's only three time All-American Bob Suffridge, the 1938 Tennessee Volunteers football team won the school's first National Championship and earned a trip to the Orange Bowl, the team's first major bowl, where they pounded fellow unbeaten Oklahoma by a score of 17-0. They outscored their opponents 283–16. The 1939 regular season was even more impressive. The 1939 team was the last NCAA team ever to hold their opponents scoreless for an entire regular season. Surprisingly, the Vols did not earn a national title that year despite being ranked #1 for most of the season, but did earn a trip to the famed Rose Bowl. The Vols were without the services of stud tailback George Cafego, who would finish fourth in the Heisman voting and be the top pick in the NFL draft, due to a knee injury. Cafego's backup was also injured. For a single-wing squad heavily dependent upon the tailback position, it proved to be too much for the Vols to overcome. In front of a crowd of over 90,000, Tennessee fell by a score of 14–0 to Southern California. That loss ended UT's streak of 17 straight shutout games and 71 consecutive shutout quarters, NCAA records to this day. The 1940 Vols put together a third consecutive undefeated regular season (Neyland's eighth such season with the Vols). That team earned a National title from two minor polls, and received the school's first bid to the Sugar Bowl, where they lost to Boston College. After the 1940 season, Neyland was again pressed into military service, this time for World War II. His successor, John Barnhill, did well in his absence, going 32-5-2 during the war years of 1941 to 1945. The Vols did not field a team in 1943 due to the war.
Neyland's final years[edit | edit source]
After World War II, Neyland retired from the military. He returned to Knoxville with the rank of General Officer and led the Vols to more success. From 1946 to 1952, Neyland's Vols had a record of 54–17–4. They won conference titles in 1946 and 1951, and National titles in 1950 and 1951. The 1950 season included what would prove to be the highest profile matchup between the South's two biggest coaching legends-General Neyland and Paul "Bear" Bryant, then at Kentucky. Both teams were ranked in the top ten. The Vols defeated Bryant, superstar quarterback Babe Parilli, and the Wildcats, 7-0. Bryant would never win a game against Neyland. The 1950 season culminated with a win against #2 Texas in Dallas at the Cotton Bowl Classic. The 1951 team featured Hank Lauricella, that season's Heisman Trophy runner up, and Doug Atkins, a future college football and Pro Football Hall of Fame performer. The Vols romped to a 10-0 regular season record (Neyland's ninth undefeated regular season) and the AP National Title. Neyland retired due to poor health in 1952 after taking the Vols to a 8-2-1 record, and took the position of athletic director. His final game was the 1953 Cotton Bowl against Texas, where Tennessee was shut out 0-16. The Vols would see spotty success for some 40 years after that, but it would be the late 1980s and 1990s before the Tennessee program had similar winning percentages.
After Neyland[edit | edit source]
Harvey Robinson had the tough task of replacing General Neyland, and only stuck around for two seasons. Following the 1954 season, Neyland fired Robinson and replaced him with Bowden Wyatt who had seen success at Wyoming and Arkansas. Neyland called the move "the hardest thing I've ever had to do."
Wyatt, who had been a hall of fame player for Neyland, struggled at Tennessee. He won more than 6 games only twice, in 1956 and 1957.
The 1956 squad won an SEC Championship, going 10–1 and finishing the season ranked #2. That year, UT won one of the greatest games in team history, a 6-0 victory over Georgia Tech in Atlanta when both teams were ranked #2 and #3, respectively. It was voted the second best game in college football history by Sports Illustrated's 100th Anniversary of College Football issue (published in 1969). Tech was coached by former UT Hall of Fame quarterback, and revered Yellow Jacket coach, Bobby Dodd. In the final minutes of a legendary defensive struggle, UT was backed up just ahead of their own goal line, but star tailback and future head coach Johnny Majors took a direct snap and booted a roughly 70 yard punt deep into Yellow Jacket territory to seal the win. Majors would finish second in the Heisman voting that year; it was a controversial vote that resulted in the only time a player from a losing squad, Paul Hornung of 2-8 Notre Dame, won the trophy.
Despite two successful years, Wyatt's team never returned to a bowl game after the 1957 season. Assistant James McDonald took over for Wyatt in 1963, going 5–5.
Before the 1962 season, on March 28, 1962, General Neyland died in New Orleans, Louisiana. Shields-Watkins Field was then presented with a new name: Neyland Stadium. The stadium was dedicated at the 1962 Alabama game, and by that time had expanded to 52,227 seats. Incidentally, Neyland had a hand in designing the expansion efforts for the stadium while he was athletic director. His plans were so forward looking that they were used for every expansion until 1996, when the stadium was expanded to 102,544 seats.
Dickey and his three Ts[edit | edit source]
Doug Dickey, who had been an assistant at Arkansas under Frank Broyles, replaced McDonald in 1964. Dickey was entrusted with rebuilding the program, and his six seasons at the school saw considerable change. Dickey scrapped the single wing formation and replaced it with the more modern T formation offense, in which the quarterback takes the snap "under center." He also changed the helmets of the Vols, removing the numbers from the side and replacing them with a "T." His third change also remains today. Dickey worked with the Pride of the Southland Marching Band to create a unique pregame entrance for the football squad. The band would open a block T with its base at the locker room tunnel. The team would then run through the T to the sideline. The T was reoriented in the 1980s when the locker room was moved behind the north end zone, and the entrance remains a prized tradition of the football program. In addition to the "three T's", Dickey instituted the now universally recognized checkerboard endzone design.
Dickey had some success in his six seasons as a Vol. He led Tennessee to a 46–15–4 record and captured SEC titles in 1967 and 1969. That season, UT lost its season opening game to UCLA in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Bruin quarterback Gary Beban, who would win the Heisman trophy that year, scored the winning touchdown in the final minutes on a fourth-down scramble. The Vols would not lose again that season, winning the remaining 9 regular season games including handing Alabama its only loss of the year and snapping a 25 game unbeaten streak by the Tide. The 24-13 win in Birmingham landed the Vols on the cover of Sports Illustrated and was Dickey's biggest career win.
Bill Battle[edit | edit source]
Following the 1969 season, Dickey left Tennessee to coach at his alma mater, the University of Florida. He would later return to Tennessee as the Athletic Director. Dickey was replaced by Bill Battle. Battle was a 28 year old coach from Alabama, and was the youngest head coach in the country at the time that he took over. Battle won at least 10 games in his first three seasons; however, he lost to Auburn in each of those seasons. Therefore, he did not win a conference title, and would not do so during his time as head coach.
Majors moves home[edit | edit source]
Johnny Majors won a national championship at Pittsburgh in 1976, but decided that the job at Tennessee was too good to pass up. Majors replaced Battle in 1977, on the heels of two five loss seasons. Majors would go on to lose his first game as head coach to the University of California, by a score of 27–17, in Knoxville. Majors struggled his first four seasons going 4–7, 5–5–1, 7–5, and 5–6. His teams saw mild success in 1981, going to the Garden State Bowl and going 8–4; and in 1983 winning the Citrus Bowl and going 9–3.
Majors' 1985 Volunteer squad (9–1–2, 5–1) was one of his most revered squads. The team lost only one game, regrouped after losing the services of Heisman trophy contending quarterback Tony Robinson for the season, and won the first conference title since 1969. The "Big Orange" earned a trip to the 1986 Sugar Bowl, where they defeated the heavily favored and 2nd ranked Miami Hurricanes, led by Jimmy Johnson, 35–7. The win kept Miami from a national title and earned the scrappy '85 UT squad the nickname "Sugar Vols."
Majors later led the Vols to a resurgence following their losing season in 1988. The 1988 Vols lost their first 6 games and went on to finish with a 5–6 record. The Vols followed that effort with back-to-back SEC titles in 1989 and 1990. The Vols played on a January 1 bowl game every season in the early 90's under Majors. However, in the Fall of 1992, Majors suffered heart problems. He missed the early part of the season. Interim coach Phillip Fulmer took over and scored upsets over Georgia and Florida. Majors returned and lost three straight conference games to Arkansas, Alabama, and South Carolina. The Alabama loss on the Third Saturday in October cut the deepest as the Vols had lost seven in a row to the Crimson Tide. The administration decided to make a change after the regular season. Majors was forced to resign and Fulmer took over before the Hall of Fame Bowl.
Fulmer and Manning[edit | edit source]
1994 saw a down turn in the record of the Vols, but events shaped the bright future of the program. Starting quarterback Jerry Colquitt suffered a season ending knee injury in the first series of the season against UCLA. Backup Todd Helton suffered a similar fate early in the fourth game of the year at Mississippi State requiring backups Brandon Stewart and Peyton Manning to take action. The following week freshman quarterback Peyton Manning would take over the controls and not let go until he departed to the NFL. Manning would be a 4-year starter for the Vols, and he led them to an 8–4 record in 1994. The next season, Manning led the Vols to a 41–14 win over Alabama, breaking the long winless streak. The only loss of the 1995 season was a 62–37 loss to Florida. The loss to the Gators was the 3rd in a row, and would prove to be the major hurdle between the Vols and the National title.
The Vols would put together 11–1, 10–2, and 11–2 seasons in the last three seasons with Manning as quarterback. Manning entered his senior season as a solid favorite for the Heisman Trophy. The trophy would eventually be awarded to Charles Woodson of Michigan. Manning did lead the Vols to an SEC title in 1997, before losing his final game to eventual National Champion Nebraska.
A champion[edit | edit source]
After three seasons with high expectations, the Vols faced a new task. Tennessee was expected to have a slight fall off after their conference championship the previous season. They lost QB Peyton Manning, WR's Marcus Nash and Andy McCullough, and LB Leonard Little to the NFL. Manning was the first pick overall in the 1998 NFL Draft. They were also coming off of a 42–17 loss to Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, and were in the midst of a 5 game losing streak to their rivals the Florida Gators.
However, the 1998 Tennessee Volunteers football team would prove to exceed all expectation. Led by new quarterback Tee Martin, All American linebacker Al Wilson, and Peerless Price, the Vols captured another National title and would win the first ever BCS Title game against Florida State. They finished the season 13–0, ending a remarkable run of 45–5 in 4 years. Those four seasons, the Vols were led by Fulmer, Offensive Coordinator David Cutcliffe and Defensive Coordinator John Chavis. Cutcliffe took over at Ole Miss as a head coach following the 1998 regular season.
Since 1998, the Vols have made three trips to the SEC Championship Game: 2001, 2004, and 2007. The 2001 team beat then head coach Steve Spurrier and Florida in the Swamp 34–32, moving them up to #2 in most polls and giving them a shot at the BCS title game in the Rose Bowl vs Miami. But they would lose to underdog #21 LSU in the SEC Championship Game. In 2005, the team suffered its first losing season since 1988, going 5–6, fielding a nationally-ranked defense but an anemic offense. Cutcliffe returned to the Vols as offensive coordinator before the 2006 season, which reunited the successful group of Fulmer, Chavis and Cutcliffe. Tennessee rebounded to go 9–3 in the 2006 regular season, losing two heartbreakers at home to Florida and LSU. This earned a spot in the 2007 Outback Bowl, where they lost to underdog Penn State, 20–10. The 2007 season was the first in team history in which the Volunteers allowed 40 or more points in more than one game (3 times). The Vol's defense did considerably better than expected with help from Seniors Xavier Mitchell, Antonio Reynolds, and Jerod Mayo, and also from Freshman Eric Berry. They would eventually win the SEC Eastern Division title and would go on to play eventual National Champion LSU Tigers. The Vols would lose to the Tigers 21-14. After the SEC Championship, the Vols were invited to play the University of Wisconsin in the Outback Bowl on January 1, 2008.
On January 11, 2008, it was announced that Dave Clawson had been hired as the new offensive coordinator for the Vols by head coach Phillip Fulmer. He replaced David Cutcliffe, who moved to Duke University as head coach.
Jonathan Crompton started at quarterback for the first four games of the 2008 season and went 1–3, after which he was replaced by sophomore Nick Stephens. BJ Coleman is the third quarterback on the roster. Clawson's appointment introduced problems with the Volunteer's offense, leading to one of the worst performing offenses under then-Head Coach Phillip Fulmer's career. Clawson's offense was focused primarily on the short game (strong running and short-range passing) which was in large contrast to UT's quarterbacks who spent their high school careers primarily throwing the ball deep. The Vols posted a dismal 5-7 record in the 2008 season, resulting in Fulmer's ouster at the end of the season. The athletic department had to come up with $6 million to do Fulmer's total buyout, which would be paid in over 48 months in equal installments.
On December 1, 2008, Lane Kiffin, former head coach of the Oakland Raiders, was announced as the new head coach of the Tennessee Volunteers. It was also reported that once the 2008 NFL regular season ended, Lane's father, Monte Kiffin, would join him in Knoxville. Monte would replace John Chavis as the Volunteers defensive coordinator.
On December 31, 2008, it was announced that former University of Mississippi head coach Ed Orgeron would become associate coach and defensive line coach as well as recruiting coordinator for the Vols. Jim Chaney was also announced as the Vols new offensive coordinator replacing Dave Clawson. Chaney was the tight ends coach for the NFL's St. Louis Rams, and was the offensive coordinator at Purdue University under Joe Tiller.
Lane Kiffin[edit | edit source]
In Lane Kiffin's only year, the Vols finished the season 7-6. On February 5, 2009, Kiffin gained media attention by accusing Urban Meyer of NCAA recruiting violations at Florida. The Vols would play the Gators in the third game of the season as 30-point underdogs. UT was able to keep the game close, losing 23-13. In the sixth game of the season, the Vols played #2 Alabama. Terrence Cody blocked a 44-yard field goal attempt on the final play to give the Crimson Tide a 12-10 victory. Tennessee played #22 South Carolina the following game, which fell on Halloween night. They would win 31-13, giving Kiffin his first win over a ranked team at Tennessee. In this game, the Vols wore black and orange jerseys. It was another in a series of controversial decisions made by Kiffin; some UT alumni[who?] did not want the jerseys worn because doing so challenged tradition. However, an overwhelming majority of fans said they liked the new jerseys in a local poll.  Tennessee would finish the regular season 7-5, earning an invitation to the 2009 Chick-fil-A Bowl against #11 Virginia Tech. They would lose to the Hokies 37-14.
For the 2009 season, UT paid $3,325,000 to all assistant football coaches, the highest combined salary among public schools. On January 12, 2010, after just one year at Tennessee, Kiffin left to accept the head coaching job at the University of Southern California after Pete Carroll was named head coach of the Seattle Seahawks.
Derek Dooley[edit | edit source]
On January 15, 2010, Derek Dooley was named the Volunteers' 22nd head coach, replacing Lane Kiffin. Expectations for the Vols entering 2010 were relatively low in part because of having a third head coach in two years, a young and lacking offensive line, and an unresolved QB issue just weeks before the season began. Junior QB Matts Simms, son of Pro Bowl and former Super Bowl MVP Phil Simms, was named starter for the Vols for the opener against Tennessee-Martin. After eight games the Vols were 2-6, including a heartbreaking loss at LSU which ended in controversy.
After Tennessee was soundly beaten by South Carolina 38-24 Dooley named true freshman QB Tyler Bray as starter for the next game against Memphis. The Vols found new life in their new QB in which Bray threw for 325 yards and 5 TDs. The Vols would make a remarkable stand throughout November going 4-0 to reach 6-6 overall and become bowl eligible. On December 30 the Vols faced North Carolina in the Music City Bowl which ended similarly to UT's previous game with LSU. A loophole in the rules (a lack of a late game 10-second runoff) gave the Tar Heels one more second in regulation in which they would kick a field goal to tie the game at 20-20 and send it into overtime. After both teams scored TDs in the first overtime, Bray would throw an interception on UT's first possession in the second overtime. UNC would cap it off by kicking the game-winning field goal to win the game 30-27. Overall the Vols and Dooley would finish 6-7. The aftermath of Tennessee's bowl loss to UNC resulted in the NCAA applying the same rule as the NFL when it comes to too many players on the field as time expires.
In 2011, the Vols escaped sanctions in connection to an earlier scandal involving Kiffin during his coaching tenure at Tennessee apart from minor sanctions they had imposed on themselves. Kiffin was also cleared by the NCAA.
Logos and uniforms[edit | edit source]
The Volunteers began wearing orange pants in 1977 under coach Johnny Majors. His successor, Phillip Fulmer, discarded the pants upon becoming Major's full-time replacement in 1993. The orange pants were worn three times under Fulmer: in the 1999 homecoming game vs. Memphis, the 2007 SEC Championship game vs. LSU, and the 2008 season opener at UCLA. Lane Kiffin wore the orange pants full-time on the road, except for the 2009 season finale vs. Kentucky, and selected home games.
In 2009, the Volunteers wore black jerseys with orange pants on Halloween night against the South Carolina Gamecocks.
Traditions[edit | edit source]
Smokey[edit | edit source]
Smokey is the mascot of the University of Tennessee sports teams, both men's and women's. There is a live blue tick hound mascot, Smokey IX, which leads the Vols on the field for football games. On game weekends, Smokey is cared for by the members of Alpha Gamma Rho-Alpha Kappa chapter. There is also a costumed mascot that appears at every Vols game, and has won several mascot championships.
Smokey was selected as the mascot for Tennessee after a student poll in 1953. A contest was held by the Pep Club that year. Their desire was to select a coon hound that was native to Tennessee. At halftime of the Mississippi State game that season, several hounds were introduced for voting. "Blue Smokey" was the last, and howled loudly when introduced. The students cheered and Smokey became the mascot. The most successful of the live dogs was Smokey VIII who saw a record of 91–22, two SEC titles and 1 National Championship.
The Pregame Showcase[edit | edit source]
Initiated in 1989, the Pregame Showcase is a public lecture series featuring entertaining and informative 45-minute presentations by faculty from the College of Arts and Sciences. Held two hours before kickoff in the University Center Ballroom (Room 213) at every home football game, the Pregame Showcase is free and open to the public. Complimentary refreshments and door prizes are provided. The carefully timed presentations allow football fans to enjoy the lecture and still get to the stadium before kickoff.
The Vol Walk[edit | edit source]
Head Coach Johnny Majors came up with the idea for the Vol Walk after a 1988 game at Auburn when he saw the historic Tiger Walk take place. Prior to each home game, the Vols will file out of the Neyland-Thompson Sports Complex, down past the Tennessee Volunteers Wall of Fame, and make their way down Peyton Manning Pass and onto Phillip Fulmer Way. Thousands of fans line the street to shake the players' hands as they walk into Neyland Stadium. Through rain, snow, sleet, or shine, the Vol faithful are always out in full force to root on the Vols as they prepare for battle. The fans are pumped up with Rocky Top played by The Pride of the Southland Band.
The "T"[edit | edit source]
The "T" appears in two places in Vol tradition. Coach Doug Dickey added the block letter T onto the side of the helmets in his first season in 1964. A rounded T came in 1968. Johnny Majors modified the stripe to a thicker stripe in 1977.
The Volunteers also run through another "T." This T is formed by the Pride of the Southland marching band with its base at the entrance to the Tennessee locker room in the North endzone. The team used to make a left turn inside the T and run toward their former bench on the east sideline. When Coach Dickey brought this tradition to Tennessee in 1965, the Vols locker room was underneath the East stands. The Vols would run through that T and turn back to return to their sideline. The locker room change was made in 1983. It was announced on January 24, 2010 that the Vols would switch their sideline from the east sideline to the west sideline for all home games. This resulted in the Vols making a right out of the T instead of a left. This change took effect with Tennessee's first home game of the 2010 season against UT-Martin.
Checkerboard end zones[edit | edit source]
Tennessee first sported the famous checkerboard design in the mid sixties. They brought the design back in 1989. This tradition was also started by Dickey in 1964, and remained until artificial turf was installed at Neyland Stadium.
The checkerboard was bordered in orange from 1989 until natural grass replaced the artificial turf in 1994. The return of natural grass brought with it the return of the green (or grass colored) border that exists today.
Orange and White[edit | edit source]
The Orange and White colors worn by the football team were selected by Charles Moore, a member of the very first football squad in 1891. They were from the American Daisy which grew on The Hill, the home of most of the classrooms at the university.
The Orange is distinct to the school, and has been offered by The Home Depot for sale as a paint, licensed by the university. The home games at Neyland Stadium have been described as a "Sea of Orange" due to the large number of fans wearing the school color.
[edit | edit source]
Around 200 or more boats usually park outside Neyland Stadium on the Tennessee River before games. The fleet was started by former Tennessee broadcaster George Mooney who parked his boat there first in 1962. Tennessee, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Washington are the only schools with their football stadiums built next to major bodies of water.
Rocky Top[edit | edit source]
Rocky Top is not the official Tennessee fight song, but is the most popular in use by the Pride of the Southland Marching Band. The Band began playing the fight song during the 1970s after it became popular as a Bluegrass tune by the Osborne Brothers. The fight song is widely recognized as one of the most hated by opponents in collegiate sports. For more info see: Rocky Top.
Volunteers[edit | edit source]
The Volunteers (or Vols as it is commonly shortened to) derive that nickname from the State of Tennessee's nickname. Tennessee is known as the "Volunteer State," a nickname it earned during the War of 1812, in which volunteer soldiers from Tennessee played a prominent role, especially during the Battle of New Orleans.
Rivalries[edit | edit source]
The Vols main rivalries include the Alabama Crimson Tide (Third Saturday in October), Florida Gators, Georgia Bulldogs, Kentucky Wildcats, and Vanderbilt Commodores. The Vols also have a small non-conference rivalry with in-state Memphis Tigers. None of their games have trophies, although Kentucky-Tennessee used to battle over a Beer Barrel until 1999. From 1984 until 2010, Tennessee held a 26 game winning streak over Kentucky. The streak ended on November 26, 2011 when Kentucky defeated Tennessee 10-7 in Lexington. The Volunteers had important rivalries with the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, Auburn Tigers, and Ole Miss Rebels until Georgia Tech left the SEC and realignment forced them to drop Auburn and Ole Miss from the schedule.
Head coaching history[edit | edit source]
Tennessee has had 22 head coaches since it began play during the 1891 season, and since January 2010, Derek Dooley has served as head coach. Robert Neyland is the leader in seasons coached and games won, with 173 victories during his 21 years with the program. John Barnhill has the highest winning percentage of those who have coached more than one game, with .846. James DePree has the lowest winning percentage of those who have coached more than one game, with .306. Of the 22 different head coaches who have led the Volunteers, Neyland, Wyatt, Dickey, and Majors have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in South Bend, Indiana.
All-time record[edit | edit source]
As of June 22, 2009 Tennessee was ranked 9th on the all-time wins list. The Tennessee football season records are taken from the official record books of the University Athletic Association. Tennessee is also one of two teams that have never lost eight games in a season, the other team being The Ohio State Buckeyes. Until 2008 The Michigan Wolverines also hadn't lost eight games in a season before losing their eighth game that season to Northwestern 21-14.
Year-by-year results[edit | edit source]
|NCAA Division I champions||Conference Champions||Division Champions||Bowl Eligible|
|1898||No team Due To Spanish-American War|
|1916||SIAA||9||8||0||1||.889||0||0||0||0||.000||John R. Bender|
|1917||No team Due To World War I|
|1918||No team Due To World War I|
|1919||SIAA||9||3||3||3||.333||0||0||0||0||.000||John R. Bender|
|1920||SIAA||9||7||2||0||.778||0||0||0||0||.000||John R. Bender|
|1943||No team Due To World War II|
|1992||SEC||12||9||3||0||.750||8||5||3||0||.625||Johnny Majors, Phillip Fulmer|
Championships[edit | edit source]
National championships[edit | edit source]
Tennessee claims six national championships. The following is a list of the six national championships listed by the Vols. Only four (1938, 1950, 1951, and 1998) were recognized by major polls. The Associated Press has only acknowledged Tennessee as National Champions twice, but the #1 Vols lost in the Sugar Bowl in 1951 after being named AP and UPI National Champions due to the polls being conducted before the bowl season prior to 1968 and 1974 respectively. The 1938 and 1950 championships, while not AP titles, were recognized by a majority of overall selectors/polls, and, as such, are generally recognized.
|1938||Robert Neyland||CFRA, Dunkel, Billingsley, CFI, Litkenhous, Boand, Houlgate, Poling, NSFR, Frye, Massy, Koger, McCarty, Libby, Maxwell, Sagarin, Howell||11-0||Won Orange|
|1940||Robert Neyland||Dunkel, Williamson||10-1||Lost Sugar|
|1950||Robert Neyland||National Championship Foundation, Billingley, CFRA, Massy, Dunkel, DeVold, CFI, Frye, Fleming System, Howell, Maxwell, Sorensen||11-1||Won Cotton|
|1951||Robert Neyland||AP, UPI||10-1||Lost Sugar|
|1967||Doug Dickey||Litkenhous||9-2||Lost Orange|
|1998||Phillip Fulmer||AP, USAToday/ESPN, BCS||13-0||Won Fiesta|
|Total national championships claimed||6|
Tennessee has also been awarded unrecognized national championships by various organizations in eight additional years: 1914, 1927, 1928, 1931, 1939, 1956, 1985, and 1989.
Conference championships[edit | edit source]
Tennessee has won a total of 16 conference championships, including 13 SEC Championships. The Vols are the last team to win back to back SEC championships, in 1997 and 1998.
- 1891–95, Independent
- 1896–1920, Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association
- 1921–32, Southern Conference
- 1933–present, Southeastern Conference
|Year||Conference||Overall Record||Conference Record|
|Total conference championships||16|
|† Denotes co-champions
‡ Had identical record as Florida. Florida won head-to-head, but was ineligible for conference title due to probation.
Divisional championships[edit | edit source]
As winners of the Southeastern Conference's Eastern Division, Tennessee has made five appearances in the SEC Championship Game, with the most recent coming in 2007. The Vols are 2–3 in those games. The Vols also shared the Division with Florida and Georgia in 2003, but the tie-breaker allowed Georgia to represent the division in the championship game.
|Year||Division Championship||SEC CG Result||Opponent||PF||PA|
|1998||SEC East||W||Mississippi State||24||14|
|2003||SEC East||NA||Did Not Play||X||X|
Bowl game appearances[edit | edit source]
All-time bowl appearances[edit | edit source]
All-time bowl wins[edit | edit source]
Current Coaching Staff[edit | edit source]
Captains[edit | edit source]
|1897||James A. Baird|
|1899||William L. Terry|
|1906||Roscoe Word, E.P. Proctor|
|1937||Joe Black Hayes|
|1949||Ralph Chancey, Hal Littleford|
|1957||Bill Anderson, Bill Johnson|
|1966||Austin Denney, Paul Naumoff|
|1974||Condredge Holloway, Jim Watts|
|1976||Larry Seivers, Andy Spiva|
|1977||Pert Jenkins, Greg Jones, Brent Watson|
|1978||Robert Shaw, Dennis Wolfe|
|1979||Roland James, Craig Puki, Jimmy Streater|
|1981||James Berry, Lemont Holt Jeffers, Lee North|
|1982||Mike L. Cofer|
|1984||Johnnie Jones, Carl Zander|
|1985||Tim McGee, Tommy Sims, Chris White|
|1986||Joey Clinkscales, Dale Jones, Bruce Wilkerson|
|1987||Harry Galbreath, Kelly Ziegler|
|1988||Keith DeLong, Nate Middlebrooks|
|1991||Earnest Fields, John Fisher|
|1992||Todd Kelly, J.J. McCleskey|
|1993||Craig Faulkner, Cory Fleming, Horace Morris, James Wilson|
|1994||Kevin Mays, Ben Talley|
|1995||Scott Galyon, Jason Layman, Bubba Miller|
|1996||Raymond Austin, Jay Graham|
|1997||Leonard Little, Peyton Manning|
|1998||Shawn Bryson, Jeff Hall, Mercedes Hamilton, Al Wilson|
|1999||Chad Clifton, Dwayne Goodrich, Tee Martin, Billy Ratliff, Spencer Riley, Darwin Walker|
|2000||David Leaverton, Eric Westmoreland, Cedrick Wilson|
|2001||Will Bartholomew, John Henderson, Andre Lott, Will Overstreet, Fred Weary|
|2002||Omari Hand, Eddie Moore, Will Ofenheusle|
|2003||Casey Clausen, Kevin Burnett, Michael Munoz, Rashad Baker, Scott Wells, Constantin Ritzmann|
|2004||Michael Munoz, Parys Haralson, Jason Respert, Tony Brown, Kevin Burnett, Jason Allen|
|2005||Jason Allen, Rick Clausen, Cody Douglas, Parys Haralson, Jesse Mahelona, Rob Smith|
|2006||Justin Harrell, Turk McBride, Marvin Mitchell, Jayson Swain, Arron Sears|
|2008||Robert Ayers, Ramon Foster, Lucas Taylor, Ellix Wilson, Montario Hardesty, Eric Berry|
|2009||Montario Hardesty, Jonathan Crompton, Nick Reveiz, Eric Berry|
Hall of Fame[edit | edit source]
Tennessee boasts the most college football hall of famers in the SEC, seventh most in major college football, and the ninth most of all college football programs, with 22.
Players[edit | edit source]
- Gene McEver - Elected 1954
- Beattie Feathers - Elected 1955
- Herman Hickman - Elected 1959
- Bobby Dodd - Elected 1959 (Player) and 1993 (Coach)
- Bob Suffridge - Elected 1961
- Nathan Dougherty - Elected 1967
- George Cafego - Elected 1969
- Bowden Wyatt - Elected 1972 (Player) and 1997 (Coach)
- Hank Lauricella - Elected 1981
- Doug Atkins - Elected 1985
- Also a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (Elected 1975)
- Johnny Majors - Elected 1987
- Bob Johnson - Elected 1989
- Ed Molinski - Elected 1990
- Steve DeLong - Elected 1993
- John Michels - Elected 1996
- Steve Kiner - Elected 1999
- Reggie White - Elected 2002
- Also a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (Elected 2006)
Coaches[edit | edit source]
Retired numbers[edit | edit source]
Jersey Retired 2005
Jersey Retired 2005
Jersey Retired 2005
Individual award winners[edit | edit source]
Players[edit | edit source]
Coach[edit | edit source]
- Phillip Fulmer - 1998
- American Football Coaches Association Assistant Coach of the Year
- Robert R. Neyland Award
- Phillip Fulmer - 2009
Past and present NFL players[edit | edit source]
- Jacques McClendon, offensive line for the Detroit Lions
- Eric Berry, strong safety for the Kansas City Chiefs
- Erik Ainge, quarterback for the New York Jets
- Jason Allen, defensive back for the Houston Texans
- Doug Atkins, former Defensive End for the Cleveland Browns, Chicago Bears, and New Orleans Saints 4× First-team All-Pro selection (1958, 1960, 1961, 1963), 6× Second-team All-Pro selection (1957, 1959, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1968), 8× Pro Bowl selection (1957, 1958, 1959, 1960,1961, 1962, 1963,1965)
- Rashad Baker, defensive back for the Philadelphia Eagles
- Bill Bates, former defensive back for the Dallas Cowboys, Pro Bowl selection (1984)All-Pro selection (1984) 3x Super Bowl champion (1992, 1993, 1995)
- Shawn Bryson, former running back for the Buffalo Bills and Detroit Lions
- Kevin Burnett, linebacker for the San Diego Chargers
- Dale Carter, former defensive back for the Kansas City Chiefs, 4× Pro Bowl selection (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997), 2× Second-Team All-Pro selection (1995, 1996), 1992 NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year
- Chad Clifton, offensive tackle for the Green Bay Packers, Pro Bowl selection (2007)
- Reggie Cobb, former running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Green Bay Packers, Jacksonville Jaguars, and New York Jets
- Britton Colquitt, punter for the Denver Broncos
- Craig Colquitt, former punter for the Pittsburgh Steelers and Indianapolis Colts
- Dustin Colquitt, punter for the Kansas City Chiefs
- Jimmy Colquitt, former punter for the Seattle Seahawks
- Antone Davis, offensive lineman for the Philadelphia Eagles and Atlanta Falcons
- Omar Gaither, linebacker for the Philadelphia Eagles
- Willie Gault, former wide receiver for the Chicago Bears, Super Bowl Champion (1985)
- Deon Grant, defensive back for the Seattle Seahawks
- Jabari Greer, cornerback for the New Orleans Saints, Super Bowl Champion (2009)
- Shaun Ellis, defensive end for the New York Jets, 1× Pro Bowl selection (2003)
- Terry Fair, former defensive back for the Detroit Lions
- Arian Foster, running back for the Houston Texans
- Aubrayo Franklin, defensive tackle for the New Orleans Saints
- Charlie Garner, former running back for the Philadelphia Eagles, San Francisco 49ers, Oakland Raiders, and Tampa Bay Buccaneers 1× Pro Bowl selection (2000)
- Chris Hannon, wide receiver for the Carolina Panthers
- Parys Haralson, linebacker for the San Francisco 49ers
- Montario Hardesty, running back for the Cleveland Browns
- Alvin Harper, former wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys, 2x Super Bowl Champion (1992 1993)
- Justin Harrell, defensive tackle for the Green Bay Packers
- Albert Haynesworth, defensive tackle for the New England Patriots, 2× All-Pro selection (2007, 2008), 2× Pro Bowl selection (2007, 2008)
- John Henderson, defensive tackle for the Jacksonville Jaguars, 2× Pro Bowl selection (2004, 2006), 1× All-Pro selection (2006)
- Travis Henry, running back for the Denver Broncos, Pro Bowl selection (2002) Former running back for the Buffalo Bills
- Anthony Herrera, guard for the Minnesota Vikings
- Cedric Houston, running back for the New York Jets
- Mark Jones, wide receiver for the Carolina Panthers
- Jamal Lewis, running back for the Cleveland Browns, Super Bowl champion (XXXV), Pro Bowl selection (2003), AP NFL Offensive Player of the Year (2003), NFL 2000s All-Decade Team
- Leonard Little, defensive end for the St. Louis Rams, Super Bowl champion (XXXIV), All-Pro selection (2003), 2x Pro Bowl selection (2003, 2006)
- Jesse Mahelona, defensive tackle for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Peyton Manning, quarterback for the Indianapolis Colts, Drafted 1st Overall 1998, 10× Pro Bowl selection (1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009), 5× First-team All-Pro selection (2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2009), 3× Second-team All-Pro selection (1999, 2000, 2006), 4× AP NFL MVP (2003, 2004, 2008, 2009) Super Bowl Champion (2006), NFL 2000s All-Decade Team
- David Martin, tight end for the Miami Dolphins Former tight end for the Green Bay Packers
- Tee Martin, former quarterback for the Oakland Raiders and Pittsburgh Steelers
- Jerod Mayo, linebacker for the New England Patriots, Draft 10th Overall 2008 & won NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year, 1x First-team All-Pro selection (2010)
- Turk McBride, defensive end for the Kansas City Chiefs
- Raleigh McKenzie, former Offensive Guard for the Washington Redskins, All-NFL Team (1991), Super Bowl Champion (1987, 1991)
- Robert Meachem, wide receiver for the New Orleans Saints, Super Bowl Champion 2009
- Marvin Mitchell, linebacker for the New Orleans Saints, Super Bowl Champion 2009
- Denarius Moore, wide receiver for the Oakland Raiders
- Stanley Morgan, former wide receiver for the New England Patriots, 4× Pro Bowl selection (1979, 1980, 1986, 1987)
- Eric Parker, former wide receiver for the San Diego Chargers,
- Carl Pickens, former wide receiver for the Cincinnati Bengals and Tennessee Titans, 2x Pro Bowl selection (1995, 1996), 1992 NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year
- Peerless Price, former wide receiver for the Buffalo Bills, Atlanta Falcons and Dallas Cowboys, Pro Bowl alternate (2002)
- Fuad Reveiz, placekicker for the Miami Dolphins, San Diego Chargers and Minnesota Vikings
- Jack "Hacksaw" Reynolds, linebacker for the Los Angeles Rams, 2x Pro Bowl Selection, Super Bowl Champion (1981, 1984)
- Arron Sears, former guard for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 2007 NFL All-Rookie team
- Heath Shuler, former quarterback for the Washington Redskins and New Orleans Saints
- JT Smith,former safety for the Phoenix Cardinals
- Donté Stallworth, wide receiver for the Cleveland Browns Former wide receiver for the New Orleans Saints, Philadelphia Eagles, and New England Patriots
- Haskel Stanback, former running back for the Atlanta Falcons
- Travis Stephens, former running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- James Stewart, former running back for the Jacksonville Jaguars and Detroit Lions
- Luke Stocker, tight end for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Trey Teague, former center for the Denver Broncos and Buffalo Bills, Super Bowl Champion (1998)
- Raynoch Thompson, former linebacker for the Arizona Cardinals
- Jonathan Wade, defensive back for the St. Louis Rams
- Darwin Walker, defensive tackle for the Carolina Panthers and former Chicago Bears
- Kelley Washington, wide receiver for the Baltimore Ravens
- Fred Weary, guard for the Houston Texans
- Scott Wells, center for the Green Bay Packers
- Eric Westmoreland, former linebacker for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Reggie White, former defensive lineman for the Philadelphia Eagles, Green Bay Packers, and the Carolina Panthers, 13× Pro Bowl selection (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998), 10× First-Team All-Pro selection (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1998), 3× Second-Team All-Pro selection (1994, 1996, 1997), Super Bowl champion (XXXI), 2× NFL Defensive Player of the Year (1987, 1998)
- Ron Widby, former punter for the Dallas Cowboys and Green Bay Packers, 2x Pro Bowl selection (1969, 1971)
- Al Wilson, former linebacker for the Denver Broncos, 5× Pro Bowl selection (2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006), 2× All-Pro selection (2005, 2006)
- Brian McCann, former linebacker for the Miami Dolphins Practice Squad.
- Cedrick Wilson, former wide receiver for the Pittsburgh Steelers, Super Bowl champion (XL)
- Gibril Wilson, defensive back for the Miami Dolphins, Super Bowl champion (XLII)
- Jason Witten, tight end for the Dallas Cowboys, 7× Pro Bowl selection (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010), All-Pro selection (2007, 2008, 2010), 2× NFL Alumni Tight End of the Year (2007, 2010)
- Troy Majors Fleming, fullback for the Tennessee Titans
References[edit | edit source]
- Fulmer agrees to step down
- Austin (January 15, 2010). "Dooley's focus on UT's future". Knoxville News Sentinel.
- "Richmond's Clawson named offensive coordinator at Tenn". USA Today. January 11, 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/football/sec/2008-01-11-clawson-tennessee_N.htm. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Low, Chris (October 1, 2008). "Fulmer's buyout would be $6 million". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/blog/sec/post/_/id/523/fulmer-s-buyout-would-be-6-million.
- Drew Edwards & Dave Hooker (Knoxville News Sentinel) (November 3, 2008). "Fulmer agrees to contract buyout at Tennessee". Commercial Appeal. http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2008/nov/03/report-fulmer-wont-return-coach-tennessee/.
- "Poll: Did you like the black jerseys?". http://www.govolsxtra.com/polls/2009/nov/black-jerseys/results/.
- Rucker, Wes (Jan. 21, 2010). "Vols continue search for new coaches". Chattanooga Times Free Press. http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/2010/jan/21/vols-continue-search-for-new-coaches/.
- "Tennessee Selects Derek Dooley As 22nd Head Football Coach.", UTsports.com, January 15, 2010, http://www.utsports.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/011510aaa.html
- University of Tennessee Style Guide from the University of Tennessee Official Website. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- Top Ten College Football Traditions Fans Love To Hate from the Bleacher Report. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
- Brief History of Tennessee in the War of 1812 from the Tennessee State Library and Archives. Retrieved April 30, 2006.
- 2010 Tennessee Volunteers Football Guide, p. 162
- "Dooley introduced as Vols coach". Associated Press. ESPN.com. 2010-01-16. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=4830127. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
- http://www.utsports.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/thompson_lance00.html Lance Thompson
- 2006 Tennessee Volunteers Football Media Guide
[edit | edit source]