Swarthmore College
Religious affiliationQuakers[1]
Endowment$1.499 billion (2012) [2]
PresidentRebecca S. Chopp
Academic staff208
LocationSwarthmore, PA, United States
CampusSuburban, 399 acres (1.61 km2)
ColorsGarnet and Gray          
NicknameThe Garnet
MascotPhineas the Phoenix[4]
File:Parrish Hall.jpg

Swarthmore College is a highly selective private liberal arts college in the United States with an enrollment of about 1,500 students.[5] The college is located in the borough of Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 11 miles (17.7 km) southwest of Philadelphia.

Founded in 1864, Swarthmore was one of the earliest coeducational colleges in the United States. The school was organized by a committee of Quakers prominent in the abolitionist and women's rights movements, including notable activist Lucretia Mott.[6] Swarthmore was established to be a college, "...under the care of Friends, at which an education may be obtained equal to that of the best institutions of learning in our country."[7] Swarthmore dropped its religious affiliation and became officially non-sectarian in 1933.

Today, the college is known for a rigorous intellectual character, shaped by a commitment to social responsibility and the legacy of Swarthmore's Quaker heritage.[8] Ninety percent of graduates eventually attend graduate or professional school and over twenty percent of graduates attain a Doctor of Philosophy degree in their lifetime, a rate surpassed only by the California Institute of Technology, Harvey Mudd College and Reed College.[9]

Swarthmore is a member of the Tri-College Consortium, a cooperative arrangement among Swarthmore College, Bryn Mawr College, and Haverford College. The consortium shares an integrated library system of more than three million volumes, and students are able to cross-register in courses at all three institutions. A common Quaker heritage exists amongst the consortium schools and the University of Pennsylvania also extends this cross-registration agreement to classes at the University of Pennsylvania's College of Arts and Sciences.[10]

Swarthmore's campus and the Scott Arboretum are coterminous—that is, they are coextensive in land, sharing the same borders.


The name "Swarthmore" has its roots in early Quaker history. In England, Swarthmoor Hall in the town of Ulverston, Cumbria was the home of Thomas and Margaret Fell in 1652 when George Fox, fresh from his epiphany atop Pendle Hill in 1651, came to visit. The visitation turned into a long association as Fox persuaded Thomas and Margaret Fell and the inhabitants of the nearby village of Fenmore of Friendly, and Swarthmoor was used for the first Friends' meetings.

The school was founded in 1864 by a committee of Quakers who were members of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, New York Yearly Meeting and Baltimore Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. Edward Parrish was its first president. Lucretia Mott was among those who insisted that Swarthmore be coeducational.[11]

By the early 1900s, the college had a big-time sports program (playing Princeton, Columbia, and other larger schools) and an active fraternity and sorority life.[12] The 1920 appointment of Frank Aydelotte as President began the development of the school's modern academic focus, particularly with his vision for the Honors program, based on his experience as a Rhodes Scholar.[13]

During World War II, Swarthmore was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.[14]

Solomon Asch and Wolfgang Köhler were two noted psychologists who were professors at Swarthmore. Asch joined the faculty in 1947 and served until 1966, while Köhler came to Swarthmore in 1935 and served until his retirement in 1958. The Asch conformity experiments took place at Swarthmore.



File:Swarthmore Parrish Sunset 2008.jpg
In its 2012 college ranking, U.S. News & World Report ranked Swarthmore as the #3 liberal arts college, with an overall score of 96/100, behind Williams and Amherst, respectively.[15] Since the inception of the U.S. News rankings, Amherst, Williams, and Swarthmore are the only colleges to have been ranked #1 on the liberal arts rankings list, with the three colleges often switching places with one another every year. Swarthmore has been ranked the number one liberal arts college in the country a total of six times so far (the most recent being in 2002).[16]

Some sources, including Greene's Guides,[17] have called Swarthmore one of the "Little Ivies".

In its 2010 ranking of undergraduate programs, Forbes Magazine ranked Swarthmore as seventh in the nation.[18] Placed ahead of Swarthmore were, in order, Williams, Princeton, Amherst, United States Military Academy, MIT and Stanford, while Harvard, Claremont McKenna, and Yale followed Swarthmore to round out the top ten institutions.[19] In a 2008 ranking of undergraduate programs by Forbes Magazine, Swarthmore was ranked fourth after Princeton, Caltech, and Harvard, respectively.[20]

In the March/April 2007 edition of Foreign Policy magazine, a ranking of the top twenty institutions for the study of international relations placed Swarthmore as the highest-ranked undergraduate-only institution, coming in at 15. The only other undergraduate-focused programs to make the list were Dartmouth and Williams, although neither school is exclusively undergraduate.[21]

Swarthmore ranks 10th in a 2004 Wall Street Journal survey of feeder schools to elite business, medical, and law schools.[22]

The Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium published a comprehensive study on the Ph.D. productivity of all undergraduate programs in October 2006. The study found that Swarthmore ranked third among all institutions of higher education in the United States as measured by the percentage of graduates who go on to earn Ph.D.'s. Only Caltech, at number one, and Harvey Mudd, in second, outranked Swarthmore, with Reed, MIT, Carleton, Oberlin, Bryn Mawr, University of Chicago, and Grinnell rounding out the top ten, respectively.[23]

PC World ranked Swarthmore as the 4th most wired college in the nation in a 2006 report.[24]

In 2012, The Princeton Review gave Swarthmore a 99 (the highest possible score) on their Admissions Selectivity Rating.[25]

In the November 2003 selectivity ranking for undergraduate programs, The Atlantic magazine ranked Swarthmore as the only liberal arts college to make the top ten institutions, placing Swarthmore in tenth place.[26][27][28]

In 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2013,[29] Swarthmore was named the #1 "Best Value" private college by The Princeton Review.[30] Overall selection criteria included more than 30 factors in three areas: academics, costs and financial aid. Swarthmore was also placed on The Princeton Review's Financial Aid Honor Roll along with twelve other institutions, including Caltech, Harvard, and Williams, for receiving the highest possible rating in its ranking methodology.[31]

Academic programEdit

Swarthmore's Oxbridge tutorial-inspired Honors Program allows students to take double-credit seminars from their junior year and often write honors theses. Seminars are usually composed of four to eight students. Students in seminars will usually write at least three ten-page papers per seminar, and often one of these papers is expanded into a 20-30 page paper by the end of the seminar. At the end of their senior year, Honors students take oral and written examinations conducted by outside experts in their field. Around one student in each discipline is awarded "Highest Honors"; others are either awarded "High Honors" or "Honors"; rarely, a student is denied any Honors altogether by the outside examiner. Each department usually has a grade threshold for admittance to the Honors program.

Unusual for a liberal arts college, Swarthmore has an engineering program; at the end of four years, students are granted a B.S. in Engineering. Other notable programs include minors in peace and conflict studies, cognitive science, and interpretation theory.

Swarthmore has a total undergraduate student enrollment of 1,491 (for the 2007-2008 year) and 165 faculty members (99% with a terminal degree), for a student-faculty ratio of 8:1. Despite the small size of the college, the college offers more than 600 courses a year in over 50 courses of study.[32] Swarthmore has a reputation as a very academically-oriented college, with 90% of graduates eventually attending graduate or professional school. With the highest frequency, alumni earn graduate degrees at UC Berkeley, University of Chicago, Harvard, MIT, Columbia, New York University, University of Pennsylvania, Princeton, Stanford, and Yale.[33]

Swarthmore is a member of the Tri-College Consortium (or TriCo) with nearby Bryn Mawr College and Haverford College, which allows students from any of the three to cross-register for courses at any of the others. The consortium as a whole is additionally affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania and students are able to cross-register for courses there as well.

While many in higher education recognize Swarthmore College's relative lack of grade inflation,[34][35] there is some controversy over the accuracy of such perceptions. One study by a Swarthmore professor in 1993 found "significant grade inflation." However, other professors and students fervently dispute the findings based on their own experience. Current students go so far as to sport Swarthmore t-shirts proclaiming, "Anywhere else it would've been an A."[36] Some have pointed out that statistics suggesting grade inflation over the past decades may be exaggerated by reporting practices and the fact that grades were not given in the Honors program until 1996.[37] In the end, many still credit Swarthmore with having resisted grade inflation, bucking the perceived trend amongst peer institutions.[38][39]

Since the 1970s, Swarthmore students have won 30 Rhodes Scholarships, 8 Marshall Scholarships, 151 Fulbright Scholarships, 22 Truman Scholarships, 13 Luce Scholarships, 67 Watson Fellowships, 3 Soros Fellowships, 18 Goldwater Scholarships, 84 Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowships, 13 National Endowment for the Humanities Grants for Younger Scholars, 234 National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowships, 35 Woodrow Wilson Fellowships, and 2 Mitchell Scholarships.[33]


In 2012, 14.1% of applicants were admitted to Swarthmore for the Class of 2016. 33% of the admitted students were valedictorians or salutatorians, 53% were in the top 2% of their high school class, and 90% in the top decile.[40] For the Class of 2014, the middle 50% SAT range for mathematics, critical reading, and writing were 670-770, 670-760, and 680-770, respectively.[41] The Middle 50% ACT range is 29 - 33.[25]

Tuition and financesEdit

The total cost of tuition, student activity fees, room, and board for the 2008-2009 academic year was $47,804 (tuition alone was $36,154).[42]

One hundred percent of admitted students' demonstrated need is offered by the college. In total, about half of the student body receives financial aid, and the average financial aid award was $32,913 during the 2007-2008 year.[43] As a "need-blind" school, Swarthmore makes admission decisions and financial aid decisions independently.

Swarthmore's endowment at the end of FY2008 was $1,412,609,000. Endowment per student was $966,631 for 2007–2008, one of the highest in the country.[32]

Operating revenue for the 2007-2008 school year was $130,536,000, over 40% of which was provided by the endowment.[32] As is the case with most elite institutions of higher education, actual costs as measured on a per-student basis far exceed revenue from tuition and fees, and so Swarthmore's endowment serves to offset ever-rising costs of education, subsidizing every student's education at Swarthmore—even those paying full tuition. For the 2008-2009 year, tuition, fees, and room & board charges ($47,804) fell well short of the actual cost of education per student, which was approximately $81,073 in 2007-2008.

Swarthmore ended a $230 million capital campaign on October 6, 2006, when President Bloom declared the project completed, three months ahead of schedule. The campaign, christened the "Meaning of Swarthmore," had been underway officially since the fall of 2001. 87% of the college's alumni participated in the effort.

Loan-free movementEdit

At the end of 2007, the Swarthmore Board of Managers approved the decision for the college to eliminate student loans from all financial aid packages. Instead, additional aid scholarships will be granted.[44]


File:Swarthmore Parrish Hall.jpg

Swarthmore is located 11 miles (18 km) southwest of the city of Philadelphia. The campus consists of 399 acres (1.61 km2), based on a north-south axis anchored by Parrish Hall, which houses numerous administrative offices and student lounges, as well as two floors of student housing. The fourth floor houses campus radio station WSRN-FM as well as the weekly student newspaper, The Phoenix.

File:Swarthmore Station.JPG

From the SEPTA Swarthmore commuter train station and the ville of Swarthmore to the south, the oak-lined Magill Walk leads north up a hill to Parrish. The campus is also adjacent to the Scott Arboretum, cited by some as a main staple of the campus's renowned beauty.[45]

The majority of the buildings housing classrooms and department offices are located to the north of Parrish, as are Kyle and Woolman dormitories. McCabe Library is to the east of Parrish, as are the dorms of Willets, Mertz, Worth, Alice Paul, and David Kemp Hall. To the west are the dorms of Wharton, Dana, and Hallowell, along with the Scott Amphitheater. The Crum Woods generally extend westward from the campus, toward the Crum Creek. South of Parrish are Sharples dining hall, the two non-residential fraternities (Phi Psi and Delta Upsilon), and various other buildings. Palmer, Pittenger, and Roberts dormitories are south of the railroad station, as are the athletic facilities, while Mary Lyon dorm is off-campus to the southwest.[46]

The College has three main libraries (McCabe Library, the Cornell Library of Science and Engineering, and the Underhill Music and Dance Library) and seven other specialized collections.[47] In total, the libraries hold over 800,000 print volumes as well as an expanding digital library of over 10,000 online journal subscriptions, reference materials, e-books, and other scholarly databases.[32]

Swarthmore College Peace CollectionEdit

An internationally important archive of papers and books concerning the work of pacifist organizations and individuals, the Peace Collection forms part of the Swarthmore College Library. Its mission is to gather, preserve, and make accessible material that documents non-governmental efforts for nonviolent social change, disarmament, and conflict resolution between peoples and nations.[48]

Clubs and organizationsEdit

There are more than 100 chartered clubs and organizations at Swarthmore, in addition to many other unchartered groups. Clubs and organizations are a fundamental part of the College, and the center of many students' energies and social life. This extracurricular involvement contributes to the frequent characterization of Swarthmore students as both motivated and overworked.

Mock TrialEdit

Founded in 2000, the Swarthmore Mock Trial program has won numerous accolades and boasts a team of over 30 members for the 2011-2012 season. The 2010-2011 competitive season resulted in all three teams competing at Regional Championships, two teams going on to Opening Round Championships, and one team qualifying and competing at the 2011 National Championships held in Des Moines, Iowa, where the team placed 15th in their section. Mock Trial’s A Team placed first out of 28 teams in the Philadelphia Regional Championship on February 20, 2011.

Debate SocietyEdit

The Amos J. Peaslee Debate Society, named after a former United States Ambassador to Australia, is one of the few independently endowed organizations on campus. Members of the Society generally debate on the American Parliamentary Debate Association circuit.

College BowlEdit

Swarthmore's College Bowl team was considered one of the best in the country during the late 1990s and early 2000s - it won the 1998 Division I Undergraduate NAQT tournament.

Student Political GroupsEdit

Swarthmore College DemocratsEdit

The Swarthmore College Democrats are a student-run political organization on campus. In 2008, they brought Rep. Joe Sestak (D-PA) and former Alaska senator and then-presidential candidate Mike Gravel to campus.[49][50]

Swarthmore College RepublicansEdit

While Swarthmore has historically had a mostly liberal student body, the Swarthmore College Republicans were revived as a group in the spring of 2008. However, they are no longer an active group on campus. Conservatives are now represented in their own Swarthmore Conservatives group.[51]

Greek lifeEdit

Two Greek organizations exist on the campus in the form of the fraternities Delta Upsilon and Phi Psi. Sororities were abandoned in the 1930s following student outrage about discrimination within the sorority system,[52] but were reinstated in 2013.[53]

In September 2012, the college announced that the 79-year ban on sororities would be reversed, citing Title IX regulations, with Kappa Alpha Theta planning to establish a chapter the following spring. The announcement sparked controversy on campus. Students initiated a petition for a referendum to vote on the existence of sororities on campus. However, this petition was struck down in violation of Title IX regulations. The sorority moved forward and had its first pledge class in the Spring of 2013. This drew criticism from the Phoenix which published a staff editorial urging a referendum on Greek Life.[54]

After several months of discussion, a referendum about Greek Life on campus occurred in April, 2013. Students were asked to vote on six questions. Question 2, "Do you support admitting students of all genders to sororities and fraternities?" passed, while all others failed.[55] As of April, 2013, no administrative action has been taken. The referendum was non-binding, and it is up to the board of managers to make any changes to Greek Life.[56]

Question Yes No No Preference No Answer
1. Do you support ceasing Delta Upsilon's and Kappa Alpha Theta's affiliations to their national chapters? 451 (36%) 605 (48%) 169 (13%) 43 (3%)
2. Do you support admitting students of all genders to sororities and fraternities? 668 (53%) 446 (35%) 113 (9%) 41 (3%)
3. Do you support making fraternity houses into substance-free spaces? 224 (19%) 838 (65%) 152 (12%) 34 (3%)
4. Do you support merging all sororities and fraternities into one campus building? 382 (30%) 682 (54%) 162 (13%) 42 (3%)
5. Do you support having no campus buildings expressly for the purpose of housing Greek organizations? 455 (36%) 655 (52%) 127 (10%) 31 (2%)
6. Do you support the abolition of sororities and fraternities at Swarthmore College? 369 (29%) 779 (61%) 89 (7%) 31 (2%)


Swarthmore offers a wide variety of sporting teams with a total of 22 Division III Varsity Intercollegiate Sports Teams. 40 percent of Swarthmore students play intercollegiate or club sports.[33] Varsity teams include badminton, baseball, basketball, cross country, field hockey, golf, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track and field and volleyball. Notably lacking among these teams is football, which was controversially eliminated in 2000, along with wrestling and initially badminton. The Board of Managers offered a number of reasons for eliminating football, including lack of athletes on campus and difficulty of recruiting.[57][58] Swarthmore also offers a number of club sport options, including men's and women's rugby, ultimate frisbee, volleyball, fencing, and squash.

Swarthmore is a charter member of the Centennial Conference, a group of highly-selective private colleges in Pennsylvania and Maryland.


Swarthmore has two main student news publications.

One, a weekly newspaper called The Phoenix, is published nearly every Thursday. Founded in 1881, the paper began putting stories online in 1995. Its current tabloid format is more similar to a newsmagazine than a newspaper, with a color front cover. Two thousand copies, free of charge, are distributed across the college campus and to the Borough of Swarthmore. The newspaper is printed by Bartash printing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The Daily Gazette, another student newspaper, is published daily and sent out via email to over 2,500 people on campus and across the world. Its coverage includes news, arts, and sports, and each issue includes opinion columns and/or op-eds. The first issues were distributed through e-mail during the fall semester of 1996, with an online edition soon following.

There are a number of magazines at Swarthmore, most of which are published biannually at the end of each semester. One is Spike, Swarthmore's humor magazine, founded in 1993. The others are literary magazines, including Nacht, which publishes long-form non-fiction, fiction, poetry, and artwork; Small Craft Warnings, which publishes poetry, fiction and artwork; Scarlet Letters, which publishes women's literature; Enie, for Spanish literature; OURstory, for literature relating to diversity issues; Bug-Eyed Magazine, a very limited-run science fiction/fantasy magazine published by Psi Phi, formerly known as SWIL; Remappings (formerly "CelebrASIAN"), published by the Swarthmore Asian Organization; Alchemy, a collection of academic writings published by the Swarthmore Writing Associates; Mjumbe, published by the Swarthmore African-American Student Society; and a magazine for French literature. An erotica magazine, ! (pronounced "bang") was briefly published in 2005 in homage to an earlier publication, Untouchables. Most of the literary magazines print approximately 500 copies, with around 100 pages. There is also a new photography magazine, Pun/ctum, which features work from students and alumni.

The school's yearbook, The Halcyon, has been published annually since 1887. Because Commencement is such an important event, The Halcyon includes professional photos of the ceremony and is therefore printed later, in the fall. The new alumni, however, receive their book in the mail over the summer. The Halcyon is free to all students who attended Swarthmore for at least one semester during the academic year it covers. As a result, The Halcyon is the college's most costly student publication and there is currently a movement to offer books free only to seniors, and to reallocate money towards subsidizing student textbook costs.

A CappellaEdit

As of the 2009-2010 school year, there are five active a cappella groups. Sixteen Feet, founded in 1981, is the College's oldest group, as well as its first and only all-male group. Grapevine is its corresponding all-female group, and Mixed Company is a co-ed group. Essence of Soul is a group whose music focuses on the music of the African Diaspora. Lastly, Chaverim is a co-ed group that includes students from the Tri-College Consortium and draws on music from cultures around the world for its repertoire. Once every semester, all of the school's a cappella groups collaborate for a joint concert called Jamboree.


WSRN 91.5 FM is the college radio station. It has a mix of indie, rock, hip-hop, folk, world, jazz, and classical music, as well as a number of radio talk shows. At one time, WSRN had a significant news department, and covered events such as the "Crisis of '69",[59] extensively. Many archived recordings of musical and spoken word performances exist, such as the once-annual Swarthmore Folk Festival.[60] Today WSRN focuses virtually exclusively on entertainment, though it has covered significant news developments such as the athletic cuts in 2000[61] and the effects of 11 September 2001 on campus. War News Radio and The Sudan Radio Project (formerly the Darfur Radio Project) do broadcast news on WSRN, however. Currently, the longest running show in WSRN's lineup is "Oído al Tambor", which focuses on news and music from Latin America. The show has been running non-stop, on Sundays from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m., since September 2006. After its members graduated in December 2009, the show's concept was revived by the show "Rayuela", which has been running since September 2009.

Swarthmore Fire and Protective AssociationEdit

Swarthmore College students are eligible to participate in the local emergency department, the Swarthmore Fire and Protective Association. They are trained as firefighters and as emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and are qualified on both the state and national level. The fire department responds to over 200 fire calls and almost 800 EMS calls a year.

Activism and community serviceEdit

Swarthmore is known as a center of social and political activism. The Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility, endowed by philanthropist and Swarthmore alumnus Eugene M. Lang '38 in 2002, prepares students for leadership in civic engagement, public service, advocacy and social action. Swarthmore students are active in the local community, performing outreach programs in nearby Chester. The college has recently received significant coverage due to two student groups founded in 2004, the Genocide Intervention Network (now an independent non-profit organization) and War News Radio. Swarthmore's political landscape is generally considered almost exclusively far-left, though student activism is far less than it was in the heyday of the protest culture of the 1960s. Recent high-profile campaigns included a living wage organization (Swarthmore Living Wage & Democracy Campaign); actions surrounding the electronic voting machine manufacturer Diebold Election Systems (now Premier Election Solutions) by campus groups Students for Free Culture and Why War?; and a "Kick Coke" campaign aimed at replacing soda machines offering Coca-Cola with alternative products. The Kick-Coke campaign had a victory in November 2006 when the College agreed to cut its contract with Coca-Cola. However, after finding that the Kick-Coke campaign's assertions had been false, and after the company showed that it did indeed do a thorough investigation about the claims, Coca-Cola resigned a contract with the college in early fall of 2009.

Swarthmore College Computer SocietyEdit

Swarthmore College Computer Society (SCCS) is a student-run organization independent of the official ITS department of the college.[62] In addition to operating a set of servers that provide e-mail accounts, Unix shell login accounts, server storage space, and webspace to students, professors, alumni, and other student-run organizations, SCCS hosts over 100 mailing lists used by various student groups, and over 130 organizational websites, including the website of the student newspaper, The Daily Gazette. SCCS also provides a number of spaces that are open to members of the student body, as well as to faculty and staff:

  • A computer lab of Debian Linux and Mac OS X machines
  • A meeting space
  • A specialized library of computer books, indexed as part of the college library's collections
  • A digital darkroom with color calibrated negative scanning, editing and archival printing, used by the Photo Club and other students
  • An 8-foot projection screen with Wii, Xbox 360, DVD, VCR, PlayStation 2, NES, Atari, and other gaming systems in the "Video Pit"

The computer lab and Video Pit together comprise the SCCS Media Lounge, located in Clothier basement beneath Essie Mae's snack bar. The SCCS staff consists of a group of students selected by existing staff and approved by members of a student body-elected policy board.

Impact Edit

In September 2003, the SCCS servers survived a Slashdotting while hosting a copy of the Diebold memos on behalf of the student group Free Culture Swarthmore, then known as the Swarthmore Coalition for the Digital Commons. SCCS staff promptly complied with the relevant DMCA takedown request received by the college's ITS department.[63]

SCCS was noted in PC Magazine's article "Top 20 Wired Colleges" as one of the reasons for ranking Swarthmore #4 on that list.[64] During the 2004-2005 school year, the SCCS Media Lounge served as the early home of War News Radio, a weekly webcast run by Swarthmore students and providing news about the Iraq war, providing resources, space, and technical support for the project in its infancy.

Two SCCS-related papers have been accepted for publication at the USENIX Large Installation System Administration (LISA) Conference, one of which was awarded Best Paper.[65][66][67]


Swarthmore's alumni include five Nobel Prize winners (second highest number of Nobel Prize winners per graduate in the U.S.), including the 2006 Physics laureate John C. Mather (1968), the 2004 Economics laureate Edward Prescott (1962) and the 1972 Chemistry laureate Christian B. Anfinsen (1937). Swarthmore also has 8 MacArthur Foundation fellows and hundreds of prominent figures in law, art, science, business, politics, and other fields.

Other prominent alumni: Fashion designer Joseph Altuzarra (2004); Seventh Circuit Judge Frank Easterbrook (1970); Congressman Christopher Van Hollen (1983); Senator Carl Levin of Michigan (1956); Author Mark Vonnegut (1969); musical composer and satirist Peter Schickele (1957); astronomer Sandra M. Faber (1966); The Corrections and Freedom author Jonathan Franzen (1981); New York Times theater critic Ben Brantley; Long-time Variety editor, Peter Bart; Caltech president and Nobel laureate David Baltimore (1960); Former Georgetown University Law Center Dean T. Alexander Aleinikoff (1974); Berkeley Law Dean Christopher Edley, Jr.; philosopher and Nietzschean scholar Alexander Nehamas (1967); Justin Hall (1998), widely considered to be the first blogger; eminent Polish theatre director Michal Zadara (1999); Wall Street magnate and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. founder Jerome Kohlberg, Jr. (1946) who also founded the Philip Evans Scholarship Foundation in 1986 at Swarthmore; Jed Rakoff (1964) US District Judge for the Southern District of New York; Kenneth Turan (1967) film critic for the Los Angeles Times; Faux-Christian Music/Comedy duo God's Pottery Krister Johnson (1995) and Wilson Hall (1995); The Gregory Brothers, of internet series Auto-Tune the News fame, Evan Gregory (2001) and Andrew Gregory (2004); Author Kurt Eichenwald; Long-time editor of The Nation, Victor Navasky (1954); Eugene Lang (1938), founder of the I Have a Dream Foundation, who has endowed many buildings and programs on campus, including, as noted above, the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility; Eugene's son, film star Stephen Lang (actor) (1973); Cynthia Leive Glamour Magazine Editor-in-Chief; Patrick Awuah founder of Ashesi University; Lisa Albert Emmy Award winning writer and producer for AMC's Mad Men; Micah White one of the original creators of the Occupy Wall Street movement; Neil Gershenfeld head of MIT's Center for Bits and Atoms; Social Entrepreneur Mark Hanis (2005) is the founder of United to End Genocide; Nick Martin (2004) founder of TechChange, the Institute for Technology and Social Change.

Points of interestEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. Quaker Colleges, Universities and Study Centers
  2. As of June 30, 2012. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2012 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2011 to FY 2012" (PDF). 2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers.
  4. [1], The Online Nest of Phineas the Phoenix
  5. "Swarthmore College". Princeton Review. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  6. "Swarthmore College: About the Founders...". Retrieved 2011-08-21.
  7. "An Onward Spirit: A Brief History of Swarthmore College". Retrieved 2011-08-21.
  8. "A glance at Swarthmore's Quaker roots”, The Daily Gazette.
  10. Swarthmore: Quick Facts”, Swarthmore College website, June 2008.
  11. Margaret Hope Bacon (1980), Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott, page 199, ISBN 1-888305-09-6
  12. Clark, Burton R. (2007) [1970]. The Distinctive College. Transaction Publishers. pp. 179–183. ISBN 978-1-56000-592-6.
  13. Clark, Burton R. (2007) [1970]. The Distinctive College. Transaction Publishers. pp. 185–192. ISBN 978-1-56000-592-6.
  14. "Daily Gazette". Swarthmore, Pennsylvania: Swarthmore College. 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
  15. "National Liberal Arts Rankings - Best Colleges - Education - US News". Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  17. Greene, Howard and Matthew Greene (2000) Greenes' Guides to Educational Planning: The Hidden Ivies: Thirty Colleges of Excellence, HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-095362-4, excerpt at
  18. Ewalt, David M. (August 11, 2010). "America's Best Colleges". Forbes.
  19. "Williams College tops Forbes list of best schools". The Washington Post.
  20. "America's Best Colleges". Forbes. August 13, 2008.
  21. "Inside the Ivory Tower - By Maliniak, Oakes, Peterson, Tierney". Foreign Policy. 2007-02-13. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  23. "''Weighted Baccalaureate Origins Study'', Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium, October 2006. This shows baccalaureate origins of people granted Ph.D.s from 1995 to 2004. The listing shows the top 10 institutions in the nation ranked by percentage of graduates who go on to earn a Ph.D. in selected disciplines". Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  24. Trolio, Jen (2006-12-20). "#4 Swarthmore College - Top 20 Wired Colleges".,2817,2073477,00.asp. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  25. 25.0 25.1 "Test Prep: GMAT, GRE, LSAT, MCAT, SAT, ACT, and More". Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  26. "The Selectivity Illusion - Magazine". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  28. Swarthmore College Bulletin (October 2010)
  29. "2013 Princeton Review 150 Best Value Colleges". USA Today. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
  30. "Best Value Colleges for 2010 and how they were chosen". USA Today. January 12, 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  31. "Financial Aid Rating Press Release". 2010-08-02. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Swarthmore Unspun
  34. "Reed, Swarthmore: case studies in fighting inflation". 2002-02-27. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  35. Swarthmore College Bulletin (October 2010)
  36. "Grade inflation not a concern for professors - The Phoenix". Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  37. Swarthmore College Bulletin (October 2010)
  38. Supplemental Information on the “National Grade”, Richard Sander, June 2005
  39. Cool Colleges: For the Hyper-Intelligent, Self-Directed, Late Blooming, and Just Plain Different, Donald Asher, p.82-83. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  41. "Swarthmore College: Class of 2014 Profile". Retrieved 2011-09-21.
  42. [2] Swarthmore Quickfacts
  43. "Swarthmore College :: Financial Aid :: FAQs: For Early & Regular Decision". Retrieved 2011-12-01.
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  45. "Press Releases from". Greater Philadelphia Gardens. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  46. Campus Map
  48. Home Page, Swarthmore College Peace Collection
  49. Sestak town-hall meeting focused on environmental issues :: The Daily Gazette
  50. Gravel Stumps at Swat :: The Daily Gazette
  51. "SYAF Responds to Criticisms | Daily Gazette". Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  52. [3] Discrimination in the sorority system
  54. "Pennsylvania college brings back sororities after 79-year ban". New York: Fox News. September 28, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  57. Athlete recruiting difficulty[dead link]
  58. Athlete recruiting difficulty[dead link]
  59. Crisis of '69[dead link]
  60. Swarthmore Folk Festival
  61. Cuts to athletic programs[dead link]
  62. [4], SCCS, student-run computer society
  63. Konrad, Rachel (2003-10-27). "Swarthmore College's response to the DMCA takedown request". MSNBC. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  64. Top 20 Wired Colleges, PC Magazine
  65. "21st Large Installation System Administration (LISA) Conference, Dallas, November 11–16, 2007". 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  66. Work-Augmented Laziness with the Los Task Request System, Thomas Stepleton. Pp. 1-12 of the Proceedings of LISA '02: Sixteenth Systems Administration Conference, (Berkeley, CA: USENIX Association, 2002)
  67. Fighting Institutional Memory Loss: The Trackle Integrated Issue and Solution Tracking System, Daniel S. Crosta and Matthew J. Singleton, Swarthmore College Computer Society; Benjamin A. Kuperman, Swarthmore College. Pp. 287–298 of the Proceedings
  68. Leiter Report "So who is the most important philosopher of the past 200 years?"

External linksEdit

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