|Super Bowl XXII|
|Date||January 31, 1988|
|Stadium||Jack Murphy Stadium, San Diego, California|
|MVP||Doug Williams, Quarterback|
|Favorite||Broncos by 3|
|National anthem||Herb Alpert|
|Coin toss||Don Hutson|
|Halftime show||Chubby Checker and The Rockettes|
|TV in the United States|
|Announcers||Al Michaels, Frank Gifford, and Dan Dierdorf|
|Nielsen ratings|| 41.9 |
(est. 80.14 million viewers)
|Cost of 30-second commercial||US$645,000|
Super Bowl XXII was an American football game played on January 31, 1988 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, California to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion following the 1987 regular season. The National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins (14–4) won their second Super Bowl by defeating the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos (12–5–1), 42–10, scoring 42 unanswered points after being down 10–0.
The Redskins set the following Super Bowl records in the victory:
- Total offensive yards (602)
- Total offensive rushing yards (280)
- Most touchdowns scored in a Super Bowl game (6)
- Total offensive yards in a quarter (356)
- Most points in a quarter and in a half (35)
- Most touchdowns in a quarter (5)
- The largest deficit that a team has overcome to win a Super Bowl (10 points)
Both teams combined to set the following records:
- Total combined offensive yards (929)
Redskins quarterback Doug Williams was named the Super Bowl MVP, completing 18 of 29 passes for a Super Bowl record 340 yards and four touchdowns, with one interception. Williams became the first player in Super Bowl history to pass for four touchdowns in a single quarter, and throw four in a half. Williams was also the first African-American quarterback to play in a Super Bowl. He is also the first (and to date the only) African-American quarterback to win a Super Bowl. 
This game came at the end of a season that was shortened by a players' strike. Each team only missed one regular season game due to the labor dispute, but three games were played mostly with replacement players until the dispute was settled.
NFL owners voted to award Super Bowl XXII to San Diego during their May 23–25, 1984 meetings. This was the first Super Bowl to be played at Jack Murphy Stadium (now currently known as Qualcomm Stadium) in San Diego, California.
Fourteen cities were part of the bidding process, which was scheduled to award four Super Bowls (XXI, XXII, XXIII, and XXIV). The bidding cities included: Anaheim, Detroit, Houston, Jacksonville, Miami, Minneapolis, New Orleans, Pasadena, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Diego, Seattle, Tampa, and Tempe. The Philadelphia host committee assembled what was considered a strong, but long-shot bid, hoping to win the first outdoor Super Bowl in a cold weather city. Jacksonville had no NFL team at the time, the Jacksonville Jaguars would not start play until 1995.
After the balloting for XXI took over two hours to complete, XXII was also voted on, but the voting for XXIII and XXIV was postponed. San Diego was awarded the game, marking the second time consecutive Super Bowls were played in the same state with Pasadena hosting Super Bowl XXI. This has now happened three times in NFL history; Super Bowls II and III were both played at the Miami Orange Bowl and Super Bowls XLIII and XLIV were played in Florida (at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa and Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens).
Williams and the RedskinsEdit
The primary storyline surrounding Super Bowl XXII was that Washington's Doug Williams was the first African-American quarterback ever to start in a NFL league championship game, let alone a Super Bowl .
Williams had taken a rather unconventional route to the Super Bowl. He began his career as the first round draft pick of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 1978. After five seasons, a contract dispute caused him to leave the team and sign with the Oklahoma Outlaws of the newly formed USFL. When that league folded a few years later, Williams found himself out of a job until Redskins coach Joe Gibbs asked him to join the team to be the backup for quarterback Jay Schroeder. Williams played just one game in 1986, and spent most of the 1987 season on the bench. But injuries and inconsistent play from Schroeder made Gibbs promote Williams to starting quarterback.
Williams had played extremely well in his five regular season games, passing for 1,156 yards, 11 touchdowns and five interceptions. The Redskins main receiving threat was wide receiver Gary Clark, who caught 56 passes for 1,066 yards, an average of 19 yards per catch. Wide receivers Ricky Sanders and Art Monk were also deep threats, combining for 80 receptions and 1,130 yards. Running back George Rogers was Washington's leading rusher with 613 yards. However, Rogers saw limited action in Super Bowl XXII due to injuries that would force him into early retirement. Rookie running back Timmy Smith started in his place. Fullback Kelvin Bryant also was a big contributor, rushing for 406 yards, and catching 43 passes for 490 yards during the 1987 season.
The Redskins also had an excellent defensive unit, led by defensive backs Barry Wilburn who recorded nine interceptions for 135 return yards and one touchdown, Todd Bowles, who intercepted four passes, and Darrell Green. Their line was anchored by defensive ends Charles Mann, who led the team with nine and a half sacks and recovered a fumble, and Dexter Manley, who recorded eight and a half sacks.
The Redskins finished the 1987 strike-shortened regular season as NFC East champions with an 11 –4 record and the third seed in the NFC playoffs.
Elway and the BroncosEdit
The Broncos advanced to their second consecutive Super Bowl, overall the third appearance in team history. Quarterback John Elway had another excellent season, passing for 3,198 yards and 19 touchdowns. He was also the team's second leading rusher with 304 yards and three touchdowns. Wide receivers Vance Johnson and Ricky Nattiel, and tight end Clarence Kay, combined for 104 receptions and 1,754 yards. Running back Sammy Winder was the leading rusher with 741 yards and six touchdowns, while fullback Gene Lang rushed for 304 yards and caught 17 receptions. The Broncos also possessed a solid defensive unit, led by outside linebacker Karl Mecklenburg, and defensive back Mike Harden with four interceptions.
The Broncos finished the strike-shortened 1987 season winning the AFC West with a 10-4-1 record and the number one seed in the AFC playoffs.
The Broncos routed the Houston Oilers in the Divsional round of the playoffs, 34–10, jumping to a 14–0 first quarter lead off of two quick Oilers turnovers, with Elway completing 14 of 25 passes for 259 yards and two touchdowns in the game. Vance Johnson recorded four catches for 105 yards, including a 55-yard reception to set up Elway's second touchdown pass. However, Johnson was injured during the game and had to miss the rest of the postseason
Denver then won the AFC Championship Game in an exciting game over the AFC Central champion Cleveland Browns 38-33 for the second consecutive year. The Broncos seemed to be in control of the game during the first half, taking a 21-3 lead. But behind Bernie Kosar, Cleveland rallied back and tied the score 31-31 in the fourth quarter. Elway responded with a 20-yard touchdown pass to Winder, taking the lead back with less than five minutes left in regulation. The Browns took the ball back and drove to the Denver 8-yard line, but the drive ended with a play that became known as The Fumble resulting more bad luck in Cleveland professional sports lore: Denver defensive back Jeremiah Castille stripped the football from Browns running back Ernest Byner and recovered the ensuing fumble as Byner was rushing in for the potential tying touchdown, securing the Broncos' win.
Meanwhile, the Redskins had narrow wins in the playoffs. First, they won at Soldier Field against the Chicago Bears, 21–17. The key play was a 52 yard punt return for a touchdown by Redskin defensive back Darrell Green for the go ahead touchdown. The Bears' Kevin Butler kicked a field goal to close the deficit to 21-17, but the Bears could get no closer. Noteworthy was the Redskins trailed 14-0 early in the game.
The Redskins won a defensive battle against the surprising Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Championship Game, 17-10. The Vikings barely made the playoffs with an 8-7 record during the strike-shortened regular season, but advanced to the NFC championship by winning on the road against the teams with the best records in the NFL, defeating the 12-3 New Orleans Saints, 44-10, and the 13-2 San Francisco 49ers, 36-24. The experienced Redskins put an end to the Vikings string of upsets, aided by Williams' go ahead touchdown pass to Clark with five minutes remaining in the game to lead 17-10. A strong goal line stand by the Redskin defense and was rewarded with Wade Wilson's incomplete pass in the end zone forced by Darrell Green which was intended for Minnesota running back Darrin Nelson on fourth down with 56 seconds left, sealed the victory for Washington.
Super Bowl pregame newsEdit
Coming into Super Bowl XXII, the Broncos were favored to win (-3 as noted on the NFL Today show by Jimmy "the Greek" Snyder) because most experts thought both teams were equal in terms of talent with Elway presumed to be the superior quarterback to Williams. Elway had won the NFL Most Valuable Player Award and was selected to start for the AFC in the Pro Bowl, while Williams had played just five regular season games in the 1987 season.
Television and entertainmentEdit
The game was broadcast in the United States by ABC with play-by-play announcer Al Michaels and color commentators Frank Gifford and Dan Dierdorf. Keith Jackson hosted the pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage for ABC. Jackson was joined by analysts Lynn Swann and Mike Adamle. Also helping with ABC's coverage were Jack Whitaker, Jim Hill and Becky Dixon. This would be the first Super Bowl broadcast on ABC to have the broadcast team of Michaels, Gifford, and Dierdorf in the booth (as the 1987 season was the first year the trio was together, with Dierdorf moving to ABC from CBS; Gifford was the only holdover from ABC's Super Bowl XIX telecast). The trio would man the booth for ABC's Monday Night Football from 1987 to 1997 and call Super Bowls XXV and XXIX. It was simulcast in Canada on CTV and in the United Kingdom on Channel 4. It was also the first Super Bowl to be aired on Televisa in Mexico, airing on its Canal de las Estrellas.
The pregame festivities featured a tribute to entertainer Bob Hope, who was approaching the age of 85. Trumpeter Herb Alpert performed "The Star-Spangled Banner", while Pro Football Hall of Fame wide receiver Don Hutson participated in the coin toss ceremony (the game happened to coincide with Hutson's 75th birthday). Alpert's performance was the last non-vocal performance of the National Anthem in a Super Bowl to date.
The Wonder Years premiered on ABC immediately following the game. This was only the second successful series to debut following a Super Bowl up to that time (The A-Team, which had premiered following Super Bowl XVII, was the other).
The game started out very well for Denver. After forcing Washington to go 3 and out, the Broncos' scored on their first play from scrimmage, when quarterback John Elway threw a 56-yard touchdown pass to wide open receiver Ricky Nattiel, giving Denver a quick 7–0 lead after just 1:57 had elapsed in the game. It was the earliest touchdown any team had ever scored in Super Bowl history. (This record would be broken by Jerry Rice in Super Bowl XXIX, and later by Devin Hester in Super Bowl XLI.) The Broncos quickly forced Washington to punt, and once again Elway displayed his superb scrambling skills. On the second play of Denver's ensuing possession, Elway completed a 32-yard pass to wide receiver Mark Jackson. Then he caught a 23-yard pass from halfback Steve Sewell, becoming the first quarterback ever to catch a pass in the Super Bowl (Elway had scored a touchdown on that play during opening day the previous year against the Raiders). The Redskins managed to halt Denver's drive on the 6-yard line, but kicker Rich Karlis kicked a field goal to increase the Broncos lead to 10–0.
After yet another Redskin punt, Denver managed to drive to the Washington 30-yard line on their third possession with 2 runs by Gene Lang for a total of 24 yards and an 18-yard reception by Sewell. But this time they failed to score because Washington safety Alvin Walton sacked Elway for an 18-yard loss on third down, pushing the Broncos out of field goal range. This play would turn out to be the turning point in the game.
Meanwhile, the Redskins could not generate any offensive momentum in the first quarter, with the Bronco defense forcing a punt on every drive. To make matters worse, late in the period quarterback Doug Williams twisted his leg while being sacked and had to leave the game. Back-up quarterback Jay Schroeder was sacked by Denver's Karl Mecklenburg on his first snap, continuing the Redskins' offensive woes. By the time the period ended, the Broncos had more than twice as many total yards of offense (142) as the Redskins (64). With Denver leading 10–0, Washington seemed to face insurmountable odds; no team had ever overcome a 10 point deficit to win a Super Bowl.
However, the Redskin offense began to click upon Williams' return with 14:17 left in the second quarter, and much as they had in the second half of Super Bowl XXI against the New York Giants the Bronco defense seemed to collapse.
On the Redskins' first play of the second quarter, receiver Ricky Sanders got behind defensive back Mark Haynes (who tried to jam him at the line of scrimmage), caught a pass from Williams, and took it 80 yards for a touchdown. After forcing the Broncos to punt on their next possession, Washington advanced to the Denver 27-yard line. Facing third down and 1, with Denver's defense expecting a running play, Washington decided to pass and receiver Gary Clark made a diving catch in the end zone for a touchdown to give Washington a 14–10 lead.
After the ensuing kickoff Denver drove to the Washington 26-yard line, aided by running back Sammy Winder's 27-yard reception and Elway's 21-yard run. After Elway threw an incomplete pass on third down, however, Karlis missed a 43-yard field goal attempt. On the first play of the Redskins' ensuing drive, Williams threw a 16-yard completion to Clark. Then on the next play, running back Timmy Smith, a rookie in his first NFL start, took off for a 58-yard touchdown run, making the score 21–10.
The Redskins increased their lead to 28–10 on their next possession with a 50-yard touchdown pass from Williams to Sanders, making him the first player in Super Bowl history to catch 2 touchdowns in a single quarter. Four plays after the ensuing kickoff, Washington defensive back Barry Wilburn intercepted a pass from Elway on the Redskin 21 yard-line, and once again the Redskins stormed down the field to score. First, Timmy Smith broke loose for a 43-yard run, then Williams completed a pair of passes to Sanders to reach the Denver 7-yard line. Two plays later, Williams threw an 8-yard touchdown pass to tight end Clint Didier to make the score 35–10. On Denver's next drive, Elway completed 3 consecutive passes for 40 total yards to advance to the Redskins 36-yard line. However, Washington rookie defensive back Brian Davis intercepted Elway's next pass at the 21-yard line with 7 seconds left in the half.
In the second quarter alone, Williams had completed 9 of 11 passes for 228 yards and 4 touchdowns; Smith had rushed 5 times for 122 yards and a touchdown; and Sanders had caught 4 passes for 168 yards and 2 touchdowns.
By the end of the game, Elway was sacked five times and threw three interceptions, and Washington scored another touchdown on a 68-yard fourth quarter drive featuring a 25-yard run by Clark on a reverse and three runs by Smith for 43 yards, the last a 4-yard touchdown to bring the game to its final score of 42–10.
Smith finished the game with a Super Bowl record 204 rushing yards, and scored 2 touchdowns. His 58-yard touchdown run in the second quarter tied Tom Matte in Super Bowl III for the third longest run in Super Bowl history, and Smith's 9.3 yard per carry average was the third highest. Sanders caught 9 passes for 193 yards and 2 touchdowns, and returned 3 kickoffs for 46 yards. His 193 receiving yards and his 235 total offensive yards were both Super Bowl records, and his 80-yard touchdown reception in the second quarter also tied a Super Bowl record. Clark caught 3 passes for 55 yards and a touchdown, while also rushing once for 25 yards. Wilburn recorded 2 interceptions, while Walton had 2 sacks. Meanwhile, running back Gene Lang was the Broncos' leading rusher, with only 38 yards on 5 carries. Elway finished the game with 14 out of 38 pass completions for 257 yards, 1 touchdown, and 3 interceptions. He was also Denver's second leading rusher with 32 yards on 3 carries; this would be the only Super Bowl in which Elway did not score a rushing touchdown. Jackson was Denver's top receiver with 4 catches for 76 yards.
|Ricky Sanders||WR||Ricky Nattiel|
|Joe Jacoby||LT||Dave Studdard|
|Raleigh McKenzie||LG||Keith Bishop|
|Jeff Bostic||C||Mike Freeman|
|R.C. Thielemann||RG||Stefan Humphries|
|Mark May||RT||Ken Lanier|
|Don Warren||TE||Clarence Kay|
|Gary Clark||WR||Mark Jackson|
|Doug Williams||QB||John Elway|
|Clint Didier||TE-FB||Gene Lang|
|Timmy Smith||RB||Sammy Winder|
|Charles Mann||LE||Andre Townsend|
|Dave Butz||LDT-NT||Greg Kragen|
|Darryl Grant||RDT-RE||Rulon Jones|
|Dexter Manley||RE-LOLB||Simon Fletcher|
|Mel Kaufman||LLB-LILB||Karl Mecklenburg|
|Neal Olkewicz||MLB-RILB||Ricky Hunley|
|Monte Coleman||ROLB||Jim Ryan|
|Darrell Green||LCB||Mark Haynes|
|Barry Wilburn||RCB||Steve Wilson|
|Alvin Walton||SS||Dennis Smith|
|Todd Bowles||FS||Tony Lilly|
- Referee: Bob McElwee #95
- Umpire: Al Conway #27
- Head Linesman: Dale Hamer #104
- Line Judge: Jack Fette #39
- Field Judge: Johnny Grier #23
- Side Judge: Don Wedge #28
- Back Judge: Al Jury #106
- Alternate: Jerry Markbreit #9
Following this game, Johnny Grier was promoted to referee, becoming the first African-American to lead an NFL officiating crew.
- ↑ Gorman, Bill. "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967-2009". Tvbythenumbers.com. http://tvbythenumbers.com/2009/01/18/historical-super-bowl-tv-ratings/11044. Retrieved 2010-11-26.
- ↑ Washington's 35 points and 356 yards in the second period also set the overall NFL postseason records for the most points and offensive yards in a single quarter, respectively. Furthermore, the Redskins 356 second quarter yards might have a record for all NFL games, regular or postseason. "We don't keep track of single quarter records", said Seymore Siwoff, head of the Elias Sports Bureau, which handles NFL statistics, "but geez, 356 yards. Who could have gained more than that?"
- ↑ African-American quarterback Joe Gilliam of the 1974 Pittsburgh Steelers was on the roster of Super Bowl IX as a backup to Terry Bradshaw; thus it is questionable, as is sometimes claimed, that Williams was the first African-American quarterback to reach the Super Bowl.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "N.F.L. Approves Sale of Broncos". New York Times. 1984-05-24. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/05/24/sports/nfl-approves-sale-of-broncos.html. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Forbes, Gordon (1996-01-26). "Best lobbyists have best chance // Winning presentation doesn't guarantee winning game". USA Today. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/16388470.html?dids=16388470:16388470&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jan+26%2C+1996&author=Gordon+Forbes&pub=USA+TODAY+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Best+lobbyists+have+best+chance+%2F%2F+Winning+presentation+doesn't+guarantee+winning+game&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
- Super Bowl official website
- 2006 NFL Record and Fact Book. Time Inc. Home Entertainment. ISBN 1-933405-32-5.
- Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Harper Collins. ISBN 1-933405-32-5.
- The Sporting News Complete Super Bowl Book 1995. ISBN 0-89204-523-X.
- http://www.pro-football-reference.com - Large online database of NFL data and statistics
- Super Bowl play-by-plays from USA Today (Last accessed September 28, 2005)
- All-Time Super Bowl Odds from The Sports Network (Last accessed October 16, 2005)
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