Super Bowl 50 was an American football game to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2015 season. The American Football Conference (AFC) champions Denver Broncos defeated the National Football Conference (NFC) champions Carolina Panthers, 24–10. The game was played on February 7, 2016, at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California, in the Bay Area. As this was the 50th Super Bowl game, the league emphasized the "golden anniversary" with various gold-themed initiatives during the 2015 season, as well as suspending the tradition of naming each Super Bowl game with Roman numerals (under which the game would have been known as "Super Bowl L"), so the logo could prominently feature the Arabic numerals 50.
The Panthers finished the regular season with a 15–1 record, racking up the league's top offense, and quarterback Cam Newton was named the NFL Most Valuable Player (MVP). They defeated the Arizona Cardinals 49–15 in the NFC Championship Game and advanced to their second Super Bowl appearance since the franchise began playing in 1995. The Broncos finished the regular season with a 12–4 record, bolstered by having the league's top defense. The Broncos defeated the defending Super Bowl champion New England Patriots 20–18 in the AFC Championship Game joining the Patriots, Dallas Cowboys, and Pittsburgh Steelers as one of four teams that have made eight appearances in the Super Bowl. This record would later be broken the next season, in 2017, when the Patriots advanced to their ninth Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl LI.
The Broncos took an early lead in Super Bowl 50 and never trailed. Denver recorded seven sacks and forced four turnovers. Carolina likewise kept pace by recording five sacks and forcing two turnovers. Denver linebacker Von Miller was named Super Bowl MVP. This game was also the final game of Peyton Manning's career; the Broncos quarterback, who also won Super Bowl XLI, announced his retirement in March 2016.
CBS' broadcast of the game was the third most-watched program in American television history with an average of 111.9 million viewers. The network charged an average of $5 million for a 30-second commercial during the game. It remains the highest-rated program in the history of CBS. The Super Bowl 50 halftime show was headlined by Coldplay, with special guest performers Beyoncé and Bruno Mars.
Host selection processEdit
Cities included in early discussions or that submitted bids included:
- AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas
- Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana
- Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California
- Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida
- CenturyLink Field in Seattle, Washington
- An unidentified stadium in the Los Angeles, California metropolitan area. The Los Angeles bid (intended to be an homage to the first Super Bowl, which was held at the Memorial Coliseum in the city) was dependent on a team relocating to the area by the time the site was selected and having a new stadium built by the time of the game. No team requested to relocate by the time the site was selected, and Los Angeles was pulled from consideration. Los Angeles was then put into consideration for Super Bowl LIV.
The league eventually narrowed the bids to three sites: New Orleans' Mercedes-Benz Superdome, Miami's Sun Life Stadium, and the San Francisco Bay Area's Levi's Stadium.
The league announced on October 16, 2012, that the two finalists were Sun Life Stadium and Levi's Stadium. The South Florida/Miami area has previously hosted the event 10 times (tied for most with New Orleans), with the most recent one being Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. The San Francisco Bay Area last hosted in 1985 (Super Bowl XIX), held at Stanford Stadium in Stanford, California, won by the home team 49ers. The Miami bid depended on whether the stadium underwent renovations. However, on May 3, 2013, the Florida legislature refused to approve the funding plan to pay for the renovations, dealing a significant blow to Miami's chances.
On May 21, 2013, NFL owners at their spring meetings in Boston voted and awarded the game to Levi's Stadium. The $1.2 billion stadium opened in 2014. It is the first Super Bowl held in the San Francisco Bay Area since Super Bowl XIX in 1985, and the first in California since Super Bowl XXXVII took place in San Diego in 2003.
For the third straight season, the number one seeds in the NFC and AFC, the Carolina Panthers and Denver Broncos, met in the Super Bowl. The game also featured the league's top scoring offense (Panthers) against the league's top defense (Broncos). The Panthers became the 10th team since 1960 to have lost just one game during the regular season, and the sixth team ever to have a 15–1 record. It was their second Super Bowl appearance; the other was Super Bowl XXXVIII. The Broncos became the fourth team to have eight Super Bowl appearances. It was their second appearance in three years, having also reached Super Bowl XLVIII. Coincidentally, John Fox was the head coach of each team in their previous Super Bowl appearance.
Despite waiving long-time running back DeAngelo Williams and losing top wide receiver Kelvin Benjamin to a torn ACL in the preseason, the Carolina Panthers had their best regular season in franchise history, becoming the seventh team to win at least 15 regular season games since the league expanded to a 16-game schedule in 1978. Carolina started the season 14–0, not only setting franchise records for the best start and the longest single-season winning streak, but also posting the best start to a season by an NFC team in NFL history, breaking the 13–0 record previously shared with the 2009 New Orleans Saints and the 2011 Green Bay Packers. With their NFC-best 15–1 regular season record, the Panthers clinched home-field advantage throughout the NFC playoffs for the first time in franchise history. Ten players were selected to the Pro Bowl (the most in franchise history) along with eight All-Pro selections.
The Panthers' offense, which led the NFL in scoring (500 points), was loaded with talent, boasting six Pro Bowl selections. Pro Bowl quarterback and regular season MVP Cam Newton had one of his best seasons, throwing for 3,837 yards and rushing for 636 yards, while recording a career-high and league-leading 45 total touchdowns (35 passing, 10 rushing), a career-low 10 interceptions, and a career-best quarterback rating of 99.4. Newton's leading receivers were tight end Greg Olsen, who caught a career-high 77 passes for 1,104 yards and seven touchdowns, and wide receiver Ted Ginn Jr., who caught 44 passes for 739 yards and 10 touchdowns; Ginn also rushed for 60 yards and returned 27 punts for 277 yards. Other key receivers included veteran Jerricho Cotchery (39 receptions for 485 yards), rookie Devin Funchess (31 receptions for 473 yards and five touchdowns), and second-year receiver Corey Brown (31 receptions for 447 yards). The Panthers' backfield featured Pro Bowl running back Jonathan Stewart, who led the team with 989 rushing yards and six touchdowns in 13 games, along with Pro Bowl fullback Mike Tolbert, who rushed for 256 yards and caught 18 passes for another 154 yards. Carolina's offensive line also featured two Pro Bowl selections: center Ryan Kalil and guard Trai Turner.
The Panthers' defense gave up just 308 points, ranking sixth in the league, while also leading the NFL in interceptions with 24 and boasting four Pro Bowl selections. Pro Bowl defensive tackle Kawann Short led the team in sacks with 11, while also forcing three fumbles and recovering two. Fellow lineman Mario Addison added 6½ sacks. The Panthers defensive line also featured veteran defensive end Jared Allen, a five-time Pro Bowl selection, who was the NFL's active career sack leader with 136, along with defensive end Kony Ealy, who had five sacks in just nine starts. Behind them, two of the Panthers' three starting linebackers were also selected to play in the Pro Bowl: Thomas Davis and Luke Kuechly. Davis compiled 5½ sacks, four forced fumbles, and four interceptions, while Kuechly led the team in tackles (118) forced two fumbles, and intercepted four passes of his own. Carolina's secondary featured Pro Bowl safety Kurt Coleman, who led the team with a career-high seven interceptions, while also racking up 88 tackles and Pro Bowl cornerback Josh Norman, who developed into a shutdown corner during the season and had four interceptions, two of which were returned for touchdowns.
After losing in the divisional round of the playoffs during three of the previous four seasons, the Denver Broncos' general manager John Elway made numerous coaching changes, including a mutual parting with head coach John Fox, who had won four divisional championships in his four years as Broncos head coach, being replaced in that role by Gary Kubiak, Elway's former backup quarterback and former Broncos offensive coordinator. Wade Phillips, a former Broncos head coach, returned to the team to serve his second stint as defensive coordinator, succeeding Jack Del Rio who had left to take the head coaching vacancy at the Oakland Raiders. The team's 43–8 loss in Super Bowl XLVIII two years earlier, despite holding the regular season's top offense, resulted in Elway signing defensive end DeMarcus Ware, cornerback Aqib Talib, safety T. J. Ward, and wide receiver Emmanuel Sanders for the 2014 season.
Under Kubiak, the Broncos planned to install a run-oriented offense with zone blocking to blend in with quarterback Peyton Manning's shotgun passing style, but struggled with numerous changes and injuries to the offensive line, as well as the aging and injured Manning having his worst statistical season since his rookie year with the Indianapolis Colts in 1998. In addition to turning 39 in the 2015 offseason, Manning suffered a plantar fasciitis injury in his heel during the summer. Though the team had a 7–0 start, Manning led the NFL in interceptions. In Week 10, Manning suffered a partial tear of the plantar fascia in his left foot. He set the NFL's all-time record for career passing yards in this game, but after throwing four interceptions, he was benched in favor of backup quarterback Brock Osweiler, who took over as the starter for most of the remainder of the regular season. After a slow start in Denver's final regular season game against San Diego, Osweiler was benched leading to Manning's return. Manning reclaimed the starting quarterback position for the playoffs by leading the team to a key 27–20 win that enabled the team to clinch the AFC's No. 1 seed. Under defensive coordinator Wade Phillips, who replaced his predecessor's complicated read-and-react scheme with a simple aggressive approach of attacking the ball, the Broncos' defense ranked No. 1 in total yards allowed, passing yards allowed and sacks, and like the previous three seasons, the team continued to set numerous individual, league and franchise records. With the defense carrying the team despite the issues with the offense, the Broncos finished the regular season with a 12–4 record and earned home-field advantage throughout the AFC playoffs.
Manning finished the year with a career-low 67.9 passer rating, throwing for 2,249 yards and nine touchdowns, with 17 interceptions. Osweiler threw for 1,967 yards and put up a better TD:INT ratio (10 touchdowns to six interceptions) for a higher rating of 86.4, but remained benched during the postseason in favor of Manning. Veteran receiver Demaryius Thomas led the team with 105 receptions for 1,304 yards and six touchdowns, while Emmanuel Sanders caught 76 passes for 1,135 yards and six scores, while adding another 106 yards returning punts. Tight end Owen Daniels was also a big element of the passing game with 46 receptions for 517 yards. Running back C. J. Anderson was the team's leading rusher 863 yards and seven touchdowns, while also catching 25 passes for 183 yards. Running back Ronnie Hillman also made a big impact with 720 yards, five touchdowns, 24 receptions, and a 4.2 yards per carry average. Overall, the offense ranked 19th in scoring with 355 points and did not have any Pro Bowl selections.
The Broncos' defense ranked first in the NFL yards allowed (4,530) for the first time in franchise history, and fourth in points allowed (296). Defensive ends Derek Wolfe and Malik Jackson each had 5½ sacks. Pro Bowl linebacker Von Miller led the team with 11 sacks, forced four fumbles, and recovered three. Linebacker DeMarcus Ware was selected to play in the Pro Bowl for the ninth time in his career, ranking second on the team with 7½ sacks. Linebacker Brandon Marshall led the team in total tackles with 109, while Danny Trevathan ranked second with 102 tackles. Cornerbacks Aqib Talib (three interceptions) and Chris Harris Jr. (two interceptions) were the other two Pro Bowl selections from the defense, though none of the players selected for the Pro Bowl participated due to the Broncos reaching Super Bowl 50.
The Panthers defeated the Seattle Seahawks 31–24 in the NFC divisional round. The Panthers then defeated the Arizona Cardinals in the NFC Championship Game 49–15, racking up 487 yards and forcing seven turnovers.
The Broncos defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 23–16 in the AFC divisional round, by scoring 11 points in the final three minutes of the game. The next week, they defeated the defending Super Bowl XLIX champion New England Patriots in the AFC Championship Game 20–18, by intercepting a pass on a New England 2-point conversion attempt that followed a Gronkowski touchdown reception with 17 seconds left on the clock. The Broncos recovered the subsequent onside kick attempt ensuring victory.
Carolina suffered a major setback when Thomas Davis, an 11-year veteran who had already overcome three ACL tears in his career, went down with a broken arm in the NFC Championship Game. Despite this, he insisted he would still find a way to play in the Super Bowl. His prediction turned out to be accurate and he made it into the starting lineup.
Peyton Manning reached his fourth Super Bowl, with appearances under as many head coaches (Tony Dungy, Jim Caldwell, John Fox, and Gary Kubiak). He became the first quarterback ever to lead two teams to multiple Super Bowls. He was also the oldest quarterback ever to play in a Super Bowl at age 39. The previous record was held by John Elway, who led the Broncos to victory in Super Bowl XXXIII at age 38 and is currently Denver's Executive Vice President of Football Operations and General Manager.
Manning and Newton set the record for the largest age difference between opposing Super Bowl quarterbacks at 13 years and 48 days (Manning was 39, Newton was 26). In addition, this was the first Super Bowl to feature a quarterback on both teams who was the #1 pick in their draft classes. Manning was the #1 selection of the 1998 NFL Draft, while Newton was picked first in 2011. The matchup also pits the top two picks of the 2011 draft against each other: Newton for Carolina and Von Miller for Denver.
With Ron Rivera having been a linebacker with the Chicago Bears in Super Bowl XX, and Kubiak replacing Elway at the end of the Broncos' defeats in Super Bowls XXI and XXIV, this was the first Super Bowl in which both head coaches played in the game themselves; coincidentally, the coaches they had played under, Mike Ditka (Rivera) and Dan Reeves (Kubiak), not only had Super Bowl playing experience themselves, but had done so as teammates with the Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowls V and VI (and worked together as Cowboys assistant coaches for Super Bowls X, XII and XIII).
Concerns were raised over whether Levi's Stadium's field was of a high enough quality to host a Super Bowl; during the inaugural season, the field had to be re-sodded multiple times due to various issues, and earlier in the 2015 season, a portion of the turf collapsed under Baltimore Ravens kicker Justin Tucker, causing him to slip and miss a field goal, although the field has not had any major issues since. As is customary for Super Bowl games played at natural grass stadiums, the NFL re-sodded the hybrid Bermuda 419 turf playing surface prior to the game; NFL and Atlanta Braves field director Ed Mangan stated that the field was in "great shape" for the game. However, the turf showed problems throughout the game, with a number of players needing to change their cleats during the game and players slipping during plays all throughout the game.
As the designated home team in the annual rotation between AFC and NFC teams, the Broncos elected to wear their road white jerseys with matching white pants. Elway stated, "We've had Super Bowl success in our white uniforms." The Broncos last wore matching white jerseys and pants in the Super Bowl in Super Bowl XXXIII, Elway's last game as Denver QB, when they defeated the Atlanta Falcons 34–19. In their only other Super Bowl win in Super Bowl XXXII, Denver wore blue jerseys, which was their primary color at the time. They also lost Super Bowl XXI when they wore white jerseys, but they are 0–4 in Super Bowls when wearing orange jerseys, losing in Super Bowl XII, XXII, XXIV, and XLVIII. The only other AFC champion team to have worn white as the designated home team in the Super Bowl was the Pittsburgh Steelers; they defeated the Seattle Seahawks 21–10 in Super Bowl XL 10 seasons prior. The Broncos' decision to wear white meant the Panthers would wear their standard home uniform: black jerseys with silver pants.
On June 4, 2014, the NFL announced that the game would be branded with Arabic numerals as "Super Bowl 50"—rather than with Roman numerals, a practice established at Super Bowl V under which the game would have been known as "Super Bowl L". NFL creative director Shandon Melvin, explained that a primary reason for the change was the difficulty in designing an aesthetically pleasing logo with the letter "L" using the standardized logo template introduced at Super Bowl XLV. He noted that "L" was harder to design around as it is asymmetrical unlike other Roman numerals, and also showed concerns that use of the letter "L" could be interpreted as the "loser" hand gesture. 73 mockups, incorporating either "L" or "50", were designed before the final design was chosen, which featured large numerals colored in gold behind the Vince Lombardi Trophy, instead of underneath and in silver as in the standard logo.
Tying into the game's "golden anniversary," various gold-themed promotions and initiatives were held throughout the 2015 NFL season. The league adopted a gold-tinted logo, which was implemented across all of the NFL's properties and painted on fields during the season. The numbering of the 50-yard line on fields was colored gold, and beginning on Week 7, all sideline jackets and hats featured gold-trimmed logos. Gold footballs were given to the high schools of players and coaches that had participated in a Super Bowl, and "homecoming" events were also held by Super Bowl-winning teams at games.
Ten themed "50" statues were placed in locations across San Francisco to promote the game; however, due to the negativity towards the game by residents of the city, the statues notably became the target of vandals, with the "SUPER BOWL 50" lettering on their bases re-arranged to form other phrases such as "SUPERB OWL", "SUP BRO 50", and after the Alamo Square statue was toppled, "OOPS".
Super Bowl week eventsEdit
The annual NFL Experience was held at the Moscone Center in San Francisco. In addition, "Super Bowl City" opened on January 30 at Justin Herman Plaza on The Embarcadero, which featured exhibits showcasing the culture of the Bay Area. More than a million people were expected to attend the festivities in San Francisco during Super Bowl week. San Francisco mayor Ed Lee said of the highly visible homeless presence in this area "they are going to have to leave". San Francisco city supervisor Jane Kim unsuccessfully lobbied for the NFL to reimburse San Francisco for city services in the amount of $5 million.
Organizers announced plans for $2 million worth of other ancillary events, including a week-long event at the Santa Clara Convention Center, a beer, wine and food festival at Bellomy Field at Santa Clara University, and a pep rally. The city council announced plans to set aside seed funding for the event. For the first time, the Super Bowl 50 Host Committee and the NFL openly sought businesses owned by the LGBT community and disabled veterans for Business Connect, a program that provides local companies with contracting opportunities in and around the Super Bowl.
The game's media day, which was typically held on the Tuesday afternoon prior to the game, was moved to the Monday evening and re-branded as Super Bowl Opening Night. The event was held on February 1, 2016 at SAP Center in San Jose. Alongside the traditional media availabilities, the event featured an opening ceremony with player introductions on a replica of the Golden Gate Bridge.
The Super Bowl 50 Host Committee vowed to be "the most giving Super Bowl ever", and dedicated 25 percent of all money it raised for philanthropic causes in the Bay Area. The committee created the 50 fund as its philanthropic initiative and focuses on providing grants to aid with youth development, community investment and sustainable environments.
In addition to the Vince Lombardi Trophy that all Super Bowl champions receive, the Broncos also received a large, 18-karat gold-plated "50". Each digit weighs 33 lb (15 kg) for a total of 66 lb (30 kg). Like the Lombardi Trophy, the "50" was designed by Tiffany & Co.
After putting out a call for volunteers in June 2015, over 450 volunteers helped to make the Super Bowl 50 Tour happen. More than 5,000 volunteers were on hand to help with events leading up to, during and after Super Bowl 50 as well. Volunteers signed up for a minimum of 3–4 hour shifts, and some volunteers gave more than 200 hours of their time over the course of the week. As a thank you for volunteering, volunteers were gifted backpacks and uniforms.
In the United States, the game was televised by CBS, as part of a cycle between the three main broadcast television partners of the NFL. The network's lead broadcast team of Jim Nantz and Phil Simms called the contest, with Tracy Wolfson and Evan Washburn on the sidelines. CBS provided digital streams of the game via CBSSports.com, and the CBS Sports apps on tablets, Windows 10, Xbox One and other digital media players (such as Chromecast and Roku). Due to Verizon Communications' exclusive mobile rights to the NFL, streaming on smartphones was only provided to Verizon Wireless customers via the NFL Mobile service. This would also prove to be the last Super Bowl that Phil Simms called as color commentator, as he would serve his last season as lead color commentator the next season, before moving to The NFL Today in 2017, in which he would be replaced by Tony Romo, who would end up calling CBS’ next Super Bowl three years later.
CBS introduced new features during the telecast, including pylon cameras and microphones, and Intel freeD instant replay technology (branded on-air as EyeVision 360, as a successor to a previous "EyeVision" employed at Super Bowl XXXV)—using an array of 36 5K resolution cameras along the upper deck that were used to provide 360-degree views of plays and "bullet time" effects, and the debut of a major re-branding of the CBS Sports division, including a new logo and on-air graphics.
On December 28, 2015, ESPN announced that they had reached an agreement with CBS and the NFL to provide a dedicated Spanish-language broadcast of Super Bowl 50, airing on ESPN Deportes and streaming on WatchESPN, featuring commentary and surrounding coverage in the language; unlike Fox and NBC, CBS does not have a Spanish-language cable network that could have carried such a broadcast. The production utilized CBS's video, but with Spanish-language graphics provided by ESPN, and its Monday Night Football commentary crew of Alvaro Martin, Raul Allegre, and sideline reporter John Sutcliffe. ESPN Deportes broadcast pre-game and post-game coverage, while Martin, Allegre, and Sutcliffe also contributed reports for the English-language ESPN as part of efforts to promote the simulcast. ESPN Deportes' vice president of programming Freddy Rolon felt that dedicated Spanish-language coverage appealed better to Hispanic viewers than Spanish commentary on the SAP audio channel, going on to say that "I have family members who watch Spanish language television and they don't know where that SAP button is to begin with".
As opposed to broadcasts of primetime series, CBS broadcast special episodes of its late-night talk shows as its lead-out programs for Super Bowl 50, beginning with a special live episode of The Late Show with Stephen Colbert following the game, with a sketch featuring a pre-recorded appearance by Barack Obama, and guests Will Ferrell, Tina Fey, Margot Robbie, and Megyn Kelly. Following a break for late local programming, CBS also aired a special episode of The Late Late Show with James Corden.
With an average TV audience of 111.9 million, the game was the third most-watched Super Bowl—and third most-watched U.S. program—in history, according to the Nielsen ratings. It was also the most-watched program of all-time in terms of total audience, 167-million, which measures those who viewed at least six minutes of the broadcast. Average viewership is the industry standard for determining television ratings, while total audience is a supplemental metric. The Spanish-language broadcast on ESPN Deportes was seen by an average of 472,000 viewers; it ranked behind Super Bowl XLVIII as the second-most-watched Spanish-language cable telecast in U.S. history, outside of soccer games.
CBS set the base rate for a 30-second advertisement at $5,000,000, a record high price for a Super Bowl ad. As of January 26, the advertisements had not yet sold out. CBS mandated that all advertisers purchase a package covering time on both the television and digital broadcasts of the game, meaning that for the first time, digital streams of the game would carry all national advertising in pattern with the television broadcast. This would be the final year in a multi-year contract with Anheuser-Busch InBev that allowed the beer manufacturer to air multiple advertisements during the game at a steep discount. It was also the final year that Doritos, a longtime sponsor of the game, held its "Crash the Super Bowl" contest that allowed viewers to create their own Doritos ads for a chance to have it aired during the game. Nintendo and The Pokémon Company also made their Super Bowl debut, Hyundai placed in both first and fifth place respectively on USA Today's Super Bowl Ad Meter survey, with their ads "First Date" (for the Hyundai Genesis) and "Ryanville" (for the 2017 Hyundai Elantra).
First-time advertisers at Super Bowl 50 included Amazon.com, Colgate toothpaste, Death Wish Coffee (who beat 10 other small businesses in a contest held by Intuit, who paid for the ad time as a prize), LG Electronics, Marmot, Nintendo (promoting the 20th anniversary of the Pokémon franchise), PayPal, and SoFi.
20th Century Fox, Lionsgate, Paramount Pictures, Universal Studios and Walt Disney Studios paid for movie trailers to be aired during the Super Bowl. Fox paid for Deadpool, X-Men: Apocalypse, Independence Day: Resurgence and Eddie the Eagle, Lionsgate paid for Gods of Egypt, Paramount paid for Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows and 10 Cloverfield Lane, Universal paid for The Secret Life of Pets and the debut trailer for Jason Bourne and Disney paid for Captain America: Civil War, The Jungle Book, and Alice Through the Looking Glass.
|23x15px Austria||The event was aired live on Puls 4, Sat.1 and on live stream. Commentary of Puls 4 and Sat.1, who are owned by the same company, is different, but both are German speaking.|
|23x15px Australia||The event aired live on the Seven Network and 7mate, alongside subscription channel ESPN|
|23x15px Brazil||In Brazil the event aired live on Free-to-air television at Esporte Interativo and on paid television at ESPN Brasil at 9:00 PM.|
|Canada||CTV continues to hold rights to the Super Bowl under a long-term contract. CTV aired a new episode of DC's Legends of Tomorrow, "White Knights", as a lead-out program, prior to its premiere on The CW in the United States the following Thursday. CTV Go offered digital streaming of the game to authenticated pay television subscribers on participating providers.|
|23x15px Czech Republic||The event aired live on paid television station, Sport 2.|
|23x15px Denmark||In Denmark the event aired live on paid television station TV3+. The rights to the event is owned by Viasat until 2017.|
|France and Switzerland (French speaking), aired the event live on W9.|
|Germany, Switzerland (German speaking) aired the event live on Sat.1 and on live stream.|
|Japan||The event aired live on NHK BS1 and Nittele G+.|
|23x15px Netherlands||The event aired live on the pay television station Fox Sports 2. and also broadcast live on national television by FOX HD.|
|23x15px New Zealand||ESPN was broadcast live on Sky Channel 60 (CBS feed), TVNZ aired the event live on TV One, TVNZ Pop-Up (Freeview 13), and streamed it live on TVNZ OnDemand (international feed).|
|23x15px Philippines||The event aired live on TV5 and Hyper (Channel 53 (SD)/Channel 130 (HD) on Cignal) via live feed from All Sports Network at 7:00 am Philippine Standard Time, with same day rebroadcast at 7:00 pm only on Hyper. TV5 programming aired during the morning hours have been pre-empted due to the live telecast and aired the following day.|
|22x20px Poland||The event aired live on Eleven Sports (Channel 128 (HD) on NC+) via the international feed with local commentary at midnight local time.|
|23x15px Romania||The event aired live on Dolce Sport at 1:00 AM Eastern European Time, with same day rebroadcast at 6:30 PM.|
|23x15px Thailand||TrueVisions aired it live on True4U Channel 24 and Truesport HD at 6:00 AM Time in Thailand.|
|23x15px United Kingdom|
|The event aired live in the UK and Ireland on BBC Two (International feed) and on Sky Sports (CBS feed). The BBC secured a two-year deal to broadcast the Super Bowl as well as all three International Series games being held at Wembley Stadium in London, England, having previously lost the rights to public-service broadcaster Channel 4 in 2013.|
Westwood One carried the game throughout North America, with Kevin Harlan as play-by-play announcer, Boomer Esiason and Dan Fouts as color analysts, and James Lofton and Mark Malone as sideline reporters. Jim Gray anchored the pre-game and halftime coverage.
Local market coverageEdit
The flagship stations of each station in the markets of each team carried their local play-by-play calls. In Denver, KOA (850 AM) and KRFX (103.5 FM) carried the game, with Dave Logan on play-by-play and Ed McCaffrey on color commentary. In North Carolina, WBT (1110 AM) carried the game, with Mick Mixon on play-by-play and Eugene Robinson and Jim Szoke on color commentary. WBT also simulcast the game on its sister station WBT-FM (99.3 FM), based in Chester, South Carolina. As KOA and WBT are both clear-channel stations, the local broadcasts were audible over much of the western United States after sunset (for Denver) and the eastern United States throughout the game (for Carolina). In accordance with contractual rules, the rest of the stations in the Broncos and Panthers radio networks either carried the Westwood One feed or did not air the game at all.
In the United Kingdom, BBC Radio 5 Live and 5 Live Sports Extra carried the contest. As in previous years, the BBC aired its own commercial-free British English broadcast, with Greg Brady, Darren Fletcher and Rocky Boiman on commentary. The game was broadcast live in India on Sony SIX.
In honor of the 50th Super Bowl, the pregame ceremony featured the on-field introduction of 39 of the 43 previous Super Bowl Most Valuable Players. Bart Starr (MVP of Super Bowls I and II) and Chuck Howley (MVP of Super Bowl V) appeared via video. The late Harvey Martin, co-MVP of Super Bowl XII who died in 2001, was acknowledged when the other co-MVP of Super Bowl XII, Randy White, was introduced. Peyton Manning (MVP of Super Bowl XLI and the Broncos' starting quarterback for the game) was shown in the locker room preparing for the game. This ceremony continued a ten-year tradition (starting with Super Bowl XX and then repeated in Super Bowl XXX and Super Bowl XL) in which past Super Bowl MVPs were honored before the game.
Lady Gaga (accompanied by Alex Smith on piano) sang the national anthem, while Marlee Matlin simultaneously performed an American Sign Language (ASL) version of it. Matlin also signed an a cappella version of "America the Beautiful", which was sung by a U.S. Armed Forces chorus.
In late November 2015, reports surfaced stating that "multiple acts" would perform during the halftime show. On December 3, the league confirmed that the show would be headlined by the British rock band Coldplay. On January 7, 2016, Pepsi confirmed to the Associated Press that Beyoncé, who headlined the Super Bowl XLVII halftime show and collaborated with Coldplay on the single "Hymn for the Weekend" (which was removed from the setlist before the game), would be making an appearance. Bruno Mars, who headlined the Super Bowl XLVIII halftime show, and Mark Ronson (Mars's collaborator on "Uptown Funk") also performed.
Denver took the opening kickoff of Super Bowl 50 and started out strong. Quarterback Peyton Manning completed an 18-yard pass to tight end Owen Daniels and a 22-yard throw to wide receiver Andre Caldwell. A pair of carries by running back C. J. Anderson moved the ball up 20 yards to the Panthers 14-yard line, but Carolina's defense dug in over the next three plays. First, linebacker Shaq Thompson tackled running back Ronnie Hillman for a 3-yard loss. Then after an incompletion, linebacker Thomas Davis tackled Anderson for a 1-yard gain on third down, forcing Denver to settle for a 3–0 lead on a Brandon McManus 34-yard field goal. The score marked the first time in the entire postseason that Carolina was facing a deficit.
After each team punted, Panthers quarterback Cam Newton appeared to complete a 24-yard pass to wide receiver Jerricho Cotchery, but the call was ruled an incompletion and upheld after a replay challenge. CBS analyst and retired referee Mike Carey stated he disagreed with the call and felt the review clearly showed the pass was complete. Two plays later, on 3rd-and-10 from the 15-yard line, linebacker Von Miller knocked the ball out of Newton's hands while sacking him, and defensive lineman Malik Jackson recovered it in the end zone for a Broncos touchdown, giving the team a 10–0 lead. This was the first fumble return touchdown in a Super Bowl since Super Bowl XXVIII at the end of the 1993 season.
After a punt from both teams, Carolina got on track with a 9-play, 73-yard scoring drive. Newton completed all four of his pass attempts for 51 yards and rushed twice for 25 yards, while Jonathan Stewart finished the drive with a 1-yard touchdown run, cutting the score to 10–7 with 11:28 left in the second quarter. Later on, Broncos receiver Jordan Norwood received Brad Nortman's short 28-yard punt surrounded by Panthers players, but none of them attempted to make a tackle, apparently thinking Norwood had called a fair catch. Norwood had not done so, and with no resistance around him, he took off for a Super Bowl record 61-yard return before Mario Addison dragged him down on the Panthers 14-yard line. Despite Denver's excellent field position, they could not get the ball into the end zone, so McManus kicked a 33-yard field goal that increased their lead to 13–7.
On Carolina's next possession, fullback Mike Tolbert lost a fumble while being tackled by safety Darian Stewart, which linebacker Danny Trevathan recovered on the Broncos 40-yard line. However, the Panthers soon took the ball back when defensive end Kony Ealy intercepted Manning, returning the ball 19 yards to the Panthers 39-yard line with 4:23 left on the clock. The Panthers could not gain any yards with their possession and had to punt. After a Denver punt, Carolina drove to the Broncos 45-yard line. With 11 seconds left and no timeouts, Newton was sacked by DeMarcus Ware, causing time for the half to expire.
The Panthers seemed primed to score on their opening drive of the second half when Newton completed a 45-yard pass to Ted Ginn Jr., which was the longest pass play of the game for either team, on the Denver 35-yard line on their second offensive play. However, the Broncos defense halted the drive on the 26-yard line, and it ended with no points when Graham Gano hit the right upright on a 44-yard field goal attempt. After the miss, Manning completed a pair of passes to Emmanuel Sanders for gains of 25 and 22 yards, setting up McManus's 33-yard field goal that gave the Broncos a 16–7 lead. Carolina got off to another strong start after the kickoff, with Newton completing a 42-yard pass to Corey Brown. But once again they came up empty, this time as a result of a Newton pass that bounced off the hands of Ginn and was intercepted by safety T. J. Ward. Ward fumbled the ball deep in Denver territory during the return, but Trevathan was able to recover the ball enabling Denver to keep possession.
There would be no more scoring in the third quarter, but early in the fourth, the Broncos drove to the Panthers 41-yard line. On the next play, Ealy knocked the ball out of Manning's hand as he was winding up for a pass, and then recovered it for Carolina on the 50-yard line. A 16-yard reception by Devin Funchess and a 12-yard run by Stewart then set up Gano's 39-yard field goal, cutting the Panthers deficit to one score at 16–10. The next three drives of the game would end in punts.
With 4:51 left in regulation, Carolina got the ball on their own 24-yard line with a chance to mount a game-winning drive, and soon faced 3rd-and-9. On the next play, Miller again stripped the ball away from Newton, and after several players dove for it, it took a long bounce backwards and was recovered by Ward, who returned it five yards to the Panthers 4-yard line. Newton was the third player to attempt a recovery (following Ware and Mike Remmers) of the ball and while various angles appeared to show that he had a decent probability of recovery if he'd dived in his attempt, Newton instead hesitated and then tried to drop on top of the ball, which failed. This split-second decision later earned him criticism. Meanwhile, Denver's offense was kept out of the end zone for three plays, but a holding penalty on cornerback Josh Norman gave the Broncos a new set of downs. Then Anderson scored on a 2-yard touchdown run and Manning completed a pass to Bennie Fowler for a 2-point conversion, giving Denver a 24–10 lead with 3:08 left and essentially putting the game away. Carolina had two more drives and managed one first down between them before the game ended.
Manning finished the game 13 of 23 for 141 yards with one interception, two fumbles, and was sacked five times. Sanders was his top receiver with six receptions for 83 yards. Anderson was the game's leading rusher with 90 yards and a touchdown, along with four receptions for 10 yards. Miller had six total tackles (five solo), 2½ sacks, and two forced fumbles. Ware had five total tackles and two sacks. Ward had seven total tackles, a fumble recovery, and an interception. McManus made all four of his field goals, making him perfect on all 11 attempts during the post-season.
Newton completed 18 of 41 passes for 265 yards with one interception, two fumbles, and was sacked six times. He was also his team's leading rusher with 45 yards on six carries. Brown caught four passes for 80 yards, while Ginn had four receptions for 74 yards. Ginn was sacked once on a trick play. Ealy was the top defensive performer for Carolina with four total tackles, three sacks, a forced fumble, a fumble recovery, and an interception. Defensive end Charles Johnson had four total tackles, a sack, and a forced fumble. Linebacker Luke Kuechly had 11 total tackles and a sack, while Thomas Davis had seven total tackles, despite playing just two weeks after breaking his right arm in the NFC title game.
Super Bowl 50 featured numerous records from individuals and the two teams. Denver won despite being massively outgained in total yards (315 to 194) and first downs (21 to 11). Their 194 yards and 11 first downs were both the lowest totals ever by a Super Bowl winning team, as the previous record was 244 yards by the Baltimore Ravens in Super Bowl XXXV. Only seven other teams had ever gained fewer than 200 yards in a Super Bowl, and all of them had lost. This was the first Super Bowl since Super Bowl XXXVI that the winning team scored only a single offensive touchdown, although the Broncos defense had earlier in the game scored a touchdown from a fumble recovery in the end zone. The Broncos' seven sacks tied a Super Bowl record set by the Chicago Bears in Super Bowl XX. Manning was sacked five times by the Panthers, giving this game highest total (12) of combined sacks in Super Bowl history. Kony Ealy tied a Super Bowl record with three sacks, and is the only such player to do so and record an interception. Jordan Norwood's 61-yard punt return set a new record, surpassing the old record of 45 yards set by John Taylor in Super Bowl XXIII. Denver was just 1-of-14 on third down, while Carolina was 3-of-15. The two teams' combined third down conversion percentage of 13.8 was the lowest in Super Bowl history. Manning and Newton had quarterback passer ratings of 56.6 and 55.4, respectively, and their added total of 112 is a record lowest aggregate passer rating for a Super Bowl. Manning became the oldest quarterback ever to win a Super Bowl at age 39, the first quarterback ever to win a Super Bowl starting for two teams, and the first quarterback ever to win 200 games (regular season and postseason) as a starter. Gary Kubiak became the first head coach to win a Super Bowl with the same franchise he went to the Super Bowl with as a player.
Manning announced his retirement from the NFL a month after the Super Bowl. This was also the final game in the career of Panthers defensive lineman Jared Allen, who retired as the NFL's ninth all-time leader in sacks.
|Statistic||Carolina Panthers||Denver Broncos|
|First downs rushing||8||4|
|First downs passing||10||5|
|First downs penalty||3||2|
|Third down efficiency||3/15||1/14|
|Fourth down efficiency||0/0||0/0|
|Total net yards||315||194|
|Net yards rushing||118||90|
|Yards per rush||4.4||3.2|
|Net yards passing||197||104|
|Passing – completions/attempts||18/41||13/23|
|Times sacked-total yards||7–68||5–37|
|Punt returns-total yards||3–2||1–61|
|Kickoff returns-total yards||2–42||2–42|
|Interceptions-total return yards||1–19||1–(–3)|
|Time of possession||32:47||27:13|
|Records set |
|Oldest quarterback to start game||39 years, 320 days||Peyton Manning (Denver)|
|Oldest quarterback to win game||39 years, 320 days|
|Longest punt return||61 yards||Jordan Norwood (Denver)|
|Most times sacked, both teams||12||Carolina 7, Denver 5|
|Fewest total yards, winning team||194||Denver|
|Most sacks, player, game||3||Kony Ealy (Carolina)|
|Most fumble recoveries, player, game||2||Danny Trevathan (Denver)|
|Most touchdowns, fumble recoveries, player, game||1||Malik Jackson (Denver)|
|Most 2-point conversions, player||1||Bennie Fowler (Denver)|
|Most games played, team||8||Denver|
|Fewest (1-pt.) points after touchdown, both teams||2||Carolina 1, Denver 1|
|Ted Ginn Jr.||4||74||0||45||10|
|C. J. Anderson||23||90||1||34||3.9|
|C. J. Anderson||4||10||0||7||4|
1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted
|Daryl Williams||OL||WR||Demaryius Thomas|
|Michael Oher||LT||Ryan Harris|
|Andrew Norwell||LG||Evan Mathis|
|Ryan Kalil||C||Matt Paradis|
|Trai Turner||RG||Louis Vasquez|
|Mike Remmers||RT||Michael Schofield|
|Greg Olsen||TE||Owen Daniels|
|Devin Funchess||WR||Emmanuel Sanders|
|Cam Newton||QB||Peyton Manning|
|Jonathan Stewart||RB||C. J. Anderson|
|Ed Dickson||TE||Vernon Davis|
|Charles Johnson||LDE||DE||Derek Wolfe|
|Star Lotulelei||LDT||NT||Sylvester Williams|
|Kawann Short||RDT||DE||Malik Jackson|
|Jared Allen||RDE||SLB||Von Miller|
|Shaq Thompson||SLB||WLB||DeMarcus Ware|
|Luke Kuechly||MLB||ILB||Brandon Marshall|
|Thomas Davis||WLB||ILB||Danny Trevathan|
|Robert McClain||LCB||Aqib Talib|
|Josh Norman||RCB||Chris Harris Jr.|
|Roman Harper||SS||T. J. Ward|
|Kurt Coleman||FS||Darian Stewart|
- Referee: Clete Blakeman (34)
- Umpire: Jeff Rice (44)
- Head linesman: Wayne Mackie (106)
- Line judge: Rusty Baynes (59)
- Field judge: Boris Cheek (41)
- Side judge: Scott Edwards (3)
- Back judge: Keith Ferguson (61)
- Replay official: Charles Stewart
- Replay assistant: Jimmy Oldham
Upon receiving the Lombardi Trophy, Broncos general manager and former quarterback John Elway raised it and exclaimed "This one's for Pat," in reference to owner Pat Bowlen, who had been diagnosed the year before with Alzheimer's disease. Bowlen had saluted Elway in the same fashion after the Broncos won their first championship in Super Bowl XXXII 18 years earlier.
This was Denver's first sports championship since the Colorado Rapids won the MLS Cup in 2010. The 2016 NFL season began with the Broncos hosting the Panthers at Sports Authority Field at Mile High. It was the first meeting of both Super Bowl participants during Week 1 of the following season since the 1970 season when the Minnesota Vikings and Kansas City Chiefs held a rematch of Super Bowl IV to kick off the post-merger era of the NFL. The Broncos won 21–20 as Carolina's Graham Gano missed a field goal attempt to win the game.
Both teams would ultimately struggle during the season and failed to qualify for the playoffs. The Panthers fell to 6–10 and finished in last place in the NFC South. The Broncos fell to 9–7 and came in third place in the AFC West. This was the first time the defending AFC and NFC champions would both miss the playoffs since the 2003 season, after Super Bowl XXXVII, when neither the Oakland Raiders nor the Tampa Bay Buccaneers qualified for the postseason, and the fifth time overall.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rovell, Darren (June 4, 2014). "NFL: It's Super Bowl 50, not L". ESPN. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/11031941/nfl-take-one-year-hiatus-roman-numerals-super-bowl-50. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Rosenthal, Gregg (June 4, 2014). "NFL won't use Roman numerals for Super Bowl 50". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on December 1, 2015. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap2000000355943/article/nfl-wont-use-roman-numerals-for-super-bowl-50. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- ↑ Paine, Neil. "Inside One Of The Best Defensive Matchups In Super Bowl History". Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/inside-one-of-the-best-defensive-matchups-in-super-bowl-history/. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- ↑ Brooks, Bucky (February 9, 2016). "Broncos' defensive tactics flummoxed Panthers in Super Bowl 50". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on March 31, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000635224/article/broncos-defensive-tactics-flummoxed-panthers-in-super-bowl-50. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- ↑ Patra, Kevin (February 7, 2016). "Broncos LB Von Miller named Super Bowl 50 MVP". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000634374/article/broncos-lb-von-miller-named-super-bowl-50-mvp. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ↑ Wilner, Barry (February 7, 2016). "Broncos D Dominates Panthers in 24-10 Super Bowl Win". Associated Press. ABC News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160208210114/http://abcnews.go.com/Sports/wireStory/broncos-dominates-panthers-24-10-super-bowl-win-36780458. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ Hanzus, Dan (March 7, 2016). "Peyton Manning announces retirement from NFL". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on March 31, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000641930/article/peyton-manning-announces-retirement-from-nfl. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Rovell, Darren (August 5, 2015). "Super Bowl 50 spots will hit $5M per 30 seconds". ESPN. Archived from the original on December 19, 2015. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/13383236/super-bowl-50-spots-hit-5m-per-30-seconds. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 Ourand, John (February 3, 2015). "CBS price for Super Bowl 50 spot: $5M? Script error" Sports Business Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- ↑ "Coldplay performed at Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show" (Press release). NFL Enterprises. December 3, 2015. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000593528/article/coldplay-will-perform-at-pepsi-super-bowl-50-halftime-show. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- ↑ "Beyonce returning to Super Bowl halftime spectacle". ESPN. January 8, 2016. Archived from the original on January 8, 2016. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/14526484/beyonce-perform-coldplay-super-bowl-50-half-show. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Florio, Mike (March 28, 2012). "NFL plans "spectacular" Super Bowl L". Profootballtalk.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120926125030/http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2012/03/28/nfl-plans-spectacular-super-bowl-l/. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- ↑ MacMahon, Tim (February 1, 2011). "Troy Aikman, Dallas Cowboys Want to Host Super Bowl L". ESPN. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. http://sports.espn.go.com/dallas/nfl/news/story?id=6080840. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- ↑ "Cowboys expected to be among bidders to host Super Bowl L". NFL Enterprises. February 13, 2012. Archived from the original on February 16, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120216134600/http://www.nfl.com/news/story/09000d5d826ef901/article/cowboys-expected-to-be-among-bidders-to-host-super-bowl-l. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Kaplan, Daniel (February 13, 2012). "Super Bowl L: site-by-site look at 2016 possibilities". Sporting News. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120214232424/http://aol.sportingnews.com/nfl/story/2012-02-13/super-bowl-l-site-by-site-look-at-2016-possibilities.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Bell, Jarrett (October 16, 2012). "NFL set to choose among three sites to stage Super Bowl L". USA Today (Chicago: Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc.). Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/nfl/2012/10/16/owners-meetings-super-bowl-l-new-orleans-miami/1636261/. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- ↑ Rosenberg, Mike (December 14, 2011). "Santa Clara approves 49ers stadium deal; fate in NFL's hands". San Jose Mercury News (Digital First Media). Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. http://www.mercurynews.com/southbayfootball/ci_19542816. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
- ↑ Barrows, Matt (April 14, 2012). "49ers Blog and Q&A: Good hosts? 49ers plan to bid on Super Bowl L". The Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120615144633/http://blogs.sacbee.com/49ers/archives/2012/04/good-hosts-49ers-plan-to-bid-on-super-bowl-l.html. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- ↑ "Seattle submits initial paperwork to host Super Bowl". NFL Enterprises. February 6, 2012. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120918104747/http://www.nfl.com/news/story/09000d5d826b9dce/article/seattle-submits-initial-paperwork-to-host-super-bowl. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- ↑ Battista, Judy (May 23, 2016). "Future Super Bowl sites, Las Vegas among topics at NFL meeting". NFL Enterprises. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000664354/article/future-super-bowl-sites-las-vegas-among-topics-at-nfl-meeting.
- ↑ Davis, Craig (October 17, 2012). "South Florida a finalist with S.F. for 50th Super Bowl". Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121016214056/http://www.sun-sentinel.com/sports/miami-dolphins/sfl-south-florida-50th-super-bowl-2016,0,788813.story. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- ↑ Coté, John (October 17, 2012). "San Francisco a finalist to host 2016 or 2017 Super Bowl". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121017094404/http://blog.sfgate.com/cityinsider/2012/10/16/san-francisco-a-finalist-to-host-2016-or-2017-super-bowl/. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- ↑ "Fla. Legislature refuses to aid Fins". Associated Press. ESPN. May 3, 2013. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/9240615/florida-legislature-refuses-help-aid-miami-dolphins. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 Rosenthal, Gregg (May 21, 2013). "San Francisco awarded Super Bowl L; Houston lands LI". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140319032303/http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap1000000205086/article/san-francisco-awarded-super-bowl-l-houston-lands-li. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- ↑ Bigelow, Catherine (August 26, 2014). "Super Bowl 50 team kicks off new HQ with S.F. soiree". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150402135055/http://www.sfgate.com/style/article/Super-Bowl-50-team-kicks-off-new-HQ-with-S-F-5714202.php. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ Person, Joseph (February 7, 2016). "Bears coach John Fox remembered fondly by Broncos, Panthers stars". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. http://www.charlotteobserver.com/sports/nfl/carolina-panthers/nfl-blog/article59004473.html. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- ↑ "John Fox's role on Broncos not forgotten, but much about Super Bowl will be". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209060205/http://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/columnists/ct-super-bowl-john-fox-broncos-haugh-spt-0209-20160208-column.html. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 "Wild Ride: Tale of Super Bowl 50 champs Broncos". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on February 11, 2018. https://web.archive.org/web/20180211212729/https://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/09/super-bowl-50-denver-broncos-von-miller-peyton-manning-gary-kubiak-john-elway-wade-phillips.
- ↑ "Denver Broncos QB Peyton Manning defies weakening body with best brain in NFL". ESPN. Archived from the original on January 22, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160122105823/http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/13734150/denver-broncos-qb-peyton-manning-defies-weakening-body-best-brain-nfl. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ Paige, Woody (January 3, 2016). "Paige: Peyton Manning is back, and so are the Broncos". The Denver Post (Digital First Media). Archived from the original on January 26, 2016. http://www.denverpost.com/paige/ci_29339707/paige-peyton-manning-is-back-and-so-are-broncos. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- ↑ Redford, Patrick. "The Broncos Defense Is So Good, Even Zombie Peyton Manning Can Win With It". Deadspin. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160125234404/http://deadspin.com/the-broncos-defense-is-so-good-even-zombie-peyton-mann-1737203877. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ Patra, Kevin (January 25, 2016). "Thomas Davis breaks arm, intends to play in SB50". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160125221418/http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000627811/article/thomas-davis-breaks-arm-intends-to-play-in-sb50. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ "Peyton Manning becomes first QB to win Super Bowl with two teams". SI.com. February 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209041634/http://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/07/peyton-manning-broncos-colts-super-bowl. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Broncos outlast Panthers, claim third Super Bowl title". July 21, 2015. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000634371/article/broncos-outlast-panthers-claim-sb50-title. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Photos: Super Bowl XXXIII - Denver Broncos and Atlanta Falcons". San Jose Mercury News. February 3, 2016. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160303043556/http://www.mercurynews.com/super-bowl/ci_29468062/photos-super-bowl-xxxiii-denver-broncos-and-atlanta.
- ↑ "Mind-blowing stats for the Super Bowl". National Football League. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160204122410/http://www.nfl.com/photoessays/0ap3000000629716.
- ↑ "Panthers-Broncos preview: 50 things to know about Super Bowl 50". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160203083359/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25465176/panthers-broncos-preview-50-things-to-know-about-super-bowl-50.
- ↑ "Gary Kubiak joins exclusive club of former players who have won Super Bowls as head coaches". SBNation.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160819011046/http://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2016/2/7/10933020/gary-kubiak-former-player-super-bowl-winning-coach. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- ↑ Cull, Ian. "More Levi's Stadium Turf Concerns After Ravens Kicker Slips During Field Goal Attempt". NBCUniversal Media. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151022184245/http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/local/More-Levis-Stadium-Turf-Concerns-After-Ravens-Kicker-Slips-During-Field-Goal-Attempt-334369851.html. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
- ↑ "Super Bowl: NFL says sinkhole field that nearly swallowed Ravens kicker will be fine". The Washington Post. February 2, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/sports/wp/2016/02/02/nfl-vows-sinkhole-field-at-levis-stadium-will-be-super-bowl-worthy/. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl sod going down at Levi's Stadium". San Jose Mercury-News. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. http://www.mercurynews.com/sports/ci_29371198/super-bowl-sod-going-down-at-levis-stadium. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50 turf wreaking havoc on slipping players". New York Post. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://nypost.com/2016/02/07/super-bowl-50-turf-wreaking-havoc-on-slipping-players/. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 Swanson, Ben (January 25, 2016). "Broncos to wear white uniforms in Super Bowl 50". NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on January 26, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160126222617/http://www.denverbroncos.com/news-and-blogs/article-1/Broncos-to-wear-white-uniforms-in-Super-Bowl-50/26a247f5-91ef-4ff6-a11a-8278b089c5c3. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ 44.0 44.1 44.2 Patra, Kevin (January 25, 2016). "Broncos choose to wear white jerseys in Super Bowl". National Football League. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160128064537/http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000628505/article/broncos-choose-to-wear-white-jerseys-in-super-bowl. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ "Panthers Wearing Black in Super Bowl". NFL Enterprises. January 26, 2016. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160128203634/http://www.panthers.com/news/article-2/Panthers-Wearing-Black-in-Super-Bowl/09ebb4c4-a4cf-4f57-b1cf-535f6d6595ed. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ Purdy, Mark (January 25, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 Countdown — 13 Days To Go: Volunteers Gear Up; San Jose State Gets New Turf; More Clarification On That "Million Visitors" Figure". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160127092007/http://blogs.mercurynews.com/purdy/2016/01/25/super-bowl-50-countdown-13-days-to-go-volunteers-gear-up-and-get-trained-san-jose-state-gets-new-turf/. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ "Panthers, Broncos arrive in Bay Area ahead of Super Bowl 50". Associated Press. KTVU. February 1, 2016. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. http://www.ktvu.com/news/83694628-story.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50: NFL gets the L out of Roman numerals, but just for this year's game". San Jose Mercury-News. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. http://www.mercurynews.com/bay-area-news/ci_29431953/super-bowl-50-nfl-gets-l-out-roman. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- ↑ Boren, Cindy (March 25, 2015). "NFL goes gold, adding it to team logos, to celebrate Super Bowl 50". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/early-lead/wp/2015/03/25/nfl-goes-gold-adding-it-to-team-logos-to-celebrate-super-bowl-50/. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 "NFL going gold in 2015 to celebrate Super Bowl 50: Five things to know". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150518075609/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25120528/nfl-going-gold-in-2015-to-celebrate-super-bowl-50-5-things-to-know. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ↑ "San Francisco residents take out anger on Super Bowl 50 sculptures". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160306193016/http://sports.yahoo.com/blogs/nfl-shutdown-corner/san-francisco-residents-not-fans-of-super-bowl-50-sculptures-174409173.html. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- ↑ "San Franciscans Won’t Stop Vandalizing Super Bowl 50 Sculptures". New York Magazine. Archived from the original on February 14, 2016. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/02/san-francisco-super-bowl-sculptures-vandalized.html. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- ↑ McNear, Claire (February 1, 2016). "Why is everybody in San Francisco so mad about the Super Bowl 50 statues?". SB Nation. Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160401182547/http://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2016/1/29/10871376/super-bowl-50-san-francisco-statues-vandalized-santa-clara-gentrification. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- ↑ 54.0 54.1 Roberts, Chris (October 15, 2014). "Super Bowl 50 Gets Financial Boost from Big Tech". NBC Bay Area. NBCUniversal Media. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150315062635/http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/sports/Super-Bowl-50-Gets-Boost-From-Bay-Area-Tech-Companies--262055291.html. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ Tyler, Carolyn (April 21, 2015). "Super Bowl 50 Fan Village Details Revealed". ABC7News.com. The Walt Disney Company. Archived from the original on August 4, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150804025828/http://abc7news.com/sports/super-bowl-50-fan-village-details-revealed/673915/. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
- ↑ "Bay Area Redefines ‘Super Bowl’ — A Look At What’s In Store For 2016’s Super Bowl 50". CBS Bay Area. CBS Radio. February 1, 2015. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150315020233/http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2015/02/01/the-bay-area-redefines-the-super-bowl-heres-a-look-at-whats-in-store/. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ Romney, Lee (January 28, 2015). "San Francisco sets up for Super Bowl 50, but where will the homeless go?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160128215733/http://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/jan/28/super-bowl-50-san-francisco-homeless-city-shelter. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- ↑ Rosenberg, Mike (January 19, 2015). "A year from hosting Super Bowl 50, Santa Clara to get crash course in Arizona". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150402125437/http://www.mercurynews.com/49ers-stadium/ci_27351916/year-from-hosting-super-bowl-50-santa-clara. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ Coté, John (November 9, 2014). "For Super Bowl 50, NFL courts LGBT businesses". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150320032253/http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/LGBT-firmsbeing-courtedby-the-NFL-forSuper-Bowl-50-5882170.php. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ 60.0 60.1 Davidson, Alex (December 1, 2014). "Super Bowl Fund to Launch on Giving Tuesday". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20141213215628/http://philanthropy.com/article/Super-Bowl-Fund-to-Launch-on/150305/. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
- ↑ "Super Bowl opening night features players, media and characters". The Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. http://www.sacbee.com/sports/nfl/super-bowl/article57855723.html. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- ↑ "Zany scene at Super Bowl Opening Night". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. http://www.sfexaminer.com/zany-scene-at-super-bowl-opening-night/. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- ↑ May, Patrick. "Super Bowl 50 vows to be the 'most giving' ever". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150919001134/http://www.mercurynews.com/sports/ci_28225466/super-bowl-50-vows-be-most-giving-ever. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
- ↑ Leuty, Ron (February 2, 2015). "Super Bowl 50 writes new playbook for giving". San Francisco Business Times. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150403005843/http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog/2015/02/super-bowl-50-daniel-lurie-tipping-point-50-fund.html. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
- ↑ Leuty, Ron (February 2, 2015). "Super Bowl 50 writes new playbook for giving". San Francisco Business Times. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150403005843/http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog/2015/02/super-bowl-50-daniel-lurie-tipping-point-50-fund.html. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ Aleaziz, Hamed (February 27, 2015). "Super Bowl 50 hosts give $2.5 million for youth outreach". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150402200910/http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/In-run-up-to-Super-Bowl-50-hosts-give-2-5-6106281.php. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ "Grant Recipients". The 50 Fund. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151222134613/http://impact.50fund.org/. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
- ↑ "Organizers looking for 10,000 volunteers to help with Super Bowl 50". Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160411010226/http://abc7news.com/sports/10000-volunteers-needed-for-super-bowl-50/486974/. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- ↑ "SuperBowl Insight". Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160412074427/http://www.cipherbsc.com/superbowlinsight/superbowl50insight/details.html?contextId=P4&isExternal=_external&kpiId=100221266504144&catId=C5. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50 Host Committee juggles volunteers and corporate sponsors". Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160403072703/http://abc7news.com/sports/super-bowl-host-committee-juggles-volunteers-and-corporate-sponsors/1186047/. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- ↑ "The tradition continues: NFL to remain on broadcast TV". National Football League. December 14, 2011. Archived from the original on July 15, 2015. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/09000d5d8250cb48/article/the-tradition-continues-nfl-to-remain-on-broadcast-tv. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- ↑ Molloy, Tim (December 14, 2011). "NBC, Fox, CBS Extend NFL Deals Through 2022". TheWrap.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121030023115/http://www.thewrap.com/tv/article/nbc-fox-cbs-reach-long-term-nfl-deals-33611. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- ↑ "Here's CBS Sports' Super Bowl 50 broadcast team and all-new offerings". Eye on Football staff. CBS Sports. Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160124170657/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25446874/heres-cbs-sports-super-bowl-50-broadcast-team-and-all-the-new-tv-viewing-offerings. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
- ↑ 74.0 74.1 74.2 "CBS Tackles New Game With Super Bowl 50: Digital Viewers And Live-Streamed Ads". Variety. January 26, 2016. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160127093939/http://variety.com/2016/tv/news/super-bowl-commercials-cbs-live-streaming-digital-1201688878/. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 2016: How to watch Super Bowl 50 on TV, online on CBS". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160127145445/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25438861/how-to-watch-super-bowl-50-on-tv-online-and-halftime-show-information. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- ↑ "Live from Super Bowl LI: Intel’s ‘Be the Player’ Set to Transform Analysis". Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170206185017/http://www.sportsvideo.org/2017/02/05/live-from-super-bowl-li-intels-be-the-player-set-to-transform-analysis/. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- ↑ Shortal, Helen (February 7, 2001). "Game Show: Life, Death, and Super Bowl XXXV Through the TV Eye". Baltimore City Paper. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131103172253/http://www2.citypaper.com/arts/story.asp?id=3520. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ "Here's CBS Sports' Super Bowl 50 broadcast team and all-new offerings". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160124170657/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25446874/heres-cbs-sports-super-bowl-50-broadcast-team-and-all-the-new-tv-viewing-offerings. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- ↑ 79.0 79.1 "Super Bowl 50 en Español on ESPN Deportes live from San Francisco" (Press release). Archived from the original on January 29, 2016. http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160128006586/en/Super-Bowl-50-en-Espa%C3%B1ol-ESPN-Deportes. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
- ↑ 80.0 80.1 "ESPN Deportes to carry Spanish-language telecast of Super Bowl 50". Los Angeles Times. February 5, 2016. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/envelope/cotown/la-ca-ct-spanish-language-super-bowl-20160206-story.html. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ↑ "CBS Goes Out of House, Taps ESPN Deportes to Simulcast Super Bowl 50". Archived from the original on January 15, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160115205524/http://adage.com/article/special-report-super-bowl/cbs/301950/. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- ↑ "ESPN Deportes To Air Spanish-Language Broadcast Of Super Bowl 50". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on December 29, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151229095738/http://deadline.com/2015/12/super-bowl-50-spanish-broadcast-airs-on-espn-deportes-1201673769/. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50: CBS, NFL Set Spanish Simulcast with ESPN Deportes". Archived from the original on January 16, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160116085530/http://variety.com/2015/tv/news/super-bowl-50-espn-deportes-nfl-spanish-language-1201668715/. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- ↑ "Review: Stephen Colbert’s Super Bowl Episode Squanders Big-Game Showcase". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170202121531/http://variety.com/2016/tv/columns/stephen-colbert-super-bowl-episode-review-1201697122/. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- ↑ Gray, Ellen (November 11, 2015). "Colbert's 'Late Show' scores post-Super Bowl slot". Philadelphia Daily News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2015. http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/dnhollywood/Colberts-Late-Show-scores-post-Super-Bowl-slot.html. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50 Draws 111.9 Million TV Viewers, 16.9 Million Tweets". Nielsen. February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/news/2016/super-bowl-50-draws-111-9-million-tv-viewers-and-16-9-million-tweets.html. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Lynch, Jason (February 8, 2016). "With 111.9 Million Viewers, Super Bowl 50 Was the No. 3 Most-Watched of All Time". Adweek. Archived from the original on February 16, 2016. http://www.adweek.com/news/television/1119-million-viewers-super-bowl-50-was-no-3-most-watched-all-time-169507. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Kissell, Rich (February 8, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 Ratings: CBS Draws Third Largest Audience on Record". Variety. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. https://variety.com/2016/tv/news/super-bowl-50-ratings-cbs-third-largest-audience-on-record-1201699814/. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Crupi, Anthony (February 8, 2016). "Peyton's Place: No Ratings Record for Sloppy Super Bowl 50". Advertising Age. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. http://adage.com/article/special-report-super-bowl/super-bowl-50-ratings-third-best-cbs/302602/. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Hagemann, Andie (February 8, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 most-watched program in TV history". NFL.com. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000634876/article/super-bowl-50-mostwatched-program-in-tv-history. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Pallotta, Frank; Stelter, Brian (February 8, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 audience is third largest in TV history". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. http://money.cnn.com/2016/02/08/media/super-bowl-50-ratings/. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Boedeker, Hal (February 8, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 draws 111 million". Orlando Sentinel. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/entertainment/tv/tv-guy/os-super-bowl-50-Ndraws-111-million-20160208-story.html. Retrieved February 14, 2016.[dead link]
- ↑ Florio, Mike (February 9, 2016). "Super Bowl 50 audience gets embellished". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2016/02/09/super-bowl-50-rating-gets-embellished/. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- ↑ Deitsch, Richard (February 8, 2016). "How the Super Bowl 50 ratings stack up". Sports Illustrated (Time Inc.). Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. https://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/08/super-bowl-50-tv-ratings-media-circus. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
- ↑ Monllos, Kristina (September 9, 2015). "Doritos Is Ending Its 'Crash the Super Bowl' Contest, but Not Before One Last Hurrah". AdWeek. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151025090928/http://www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding/doritos-ending-its-crash-super-bowl-contest-not-one-last-hurrah-166784. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- ↑ "The top 5 commercials of Super Bowl 50". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 10, 2016. https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2016/02/07/top-5-ads-super-bowl-50/79990346/. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ↑ Rosenberg, Joyce (January 29, 2016). "Death Wish Coffee wins small business Super Bowl commercial". Denver Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_29446610/death-wish-coffee-wins-small-business-super-bowl?source=rss. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- ↑ Belcher, Mark (September 2, 2015). "VOTE: Vidler's 5&10 competes to win Super Bowl commercial spot". WIVB-TV. Media General. Archived from the original on November 7, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151107005206/http://wivb.com/2015/09/02/vote-vidlers-5-10-competes-to-win-super-bowl-commercial-spot/. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- ↑ Snyder, Benjamin (January 14, 2016). "Pokémon Announced a Super Bowl Ad to Celebrate its 20th Anniversary". Fortune. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160202094023/http://fortune.com/2016/01/14/pokemon-super-bowl-ad/. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ "10 Brands Advertising in the Super Bowl for the First Time in 2016". Time Inc.. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. http://time.com/money/4196705/super-bowl-2016-ads-amazon-bai/. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ↑ Ehrlich, David (February 8, 2016). "Ranking the Super Bowl 50 Movie Trailers". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160211085111/http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/news/ranking-the-super-bowl-50-movie-trailers-20160208?page=3. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ "NFL LIVE: Super Bowl" (in German). ran online. February 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160208060937/http://sport.puls4.com/national-football-league/video/nfl-super-bowl-i-trailer/4604. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- ↑ Knox, David (February 6, 2016). "Super Bowl 2016: guide". TV Tonight. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160208021435/http://www.tvtonight.com.au/2016/02/super-bowl-2016-guide.html. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 50 e outros milhões: veja números da decisão" (in Portuguese). Terra Networks. February 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 10, 2016. http://esportes.terra.com.br/futebol-americano/super-bowl-50-e-outros-milhoes-veja-numeros-da-final-da-nfl,2a541f165ef923c3ef68d04e06c12cbaobt28bfw.html. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ "Bell appeals CRTC decision to air U.S. Super Bowl commercials". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). March 2, 2015. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/bell-to-fight-crtc-ruling-on-super-bowl-simsub/article23244271/. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- ↑ Faguy, Steve. "Watching live sports online can be frustrating, even if you're willing to pay". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on February 16, 2016. https://montrealgazette.com/business/watching-live-sports-online-can-be-frustrating-even-if-youre-willing-to-pay?__lsa=6bef-277a. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ↑ "'DC's Legends of Tomorrow' to follow the Super Bowl on CTV". Postmedia Network. http://www.torontosun.com/2016/01/26/dcs-legends-of-tomorrow-to-follow-the-super-bowl-on-ctv. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ "Rozhovor s komentátory Super Bowlu" (in Czech). sport1tv.cz. February 4, 2016. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. http://www.sport1tv.cz/Zpravy/cs-CZ/2016/02/04/NFL-rozhovorSB-OV. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- ↑ "NFL frem til 2017 på TV3+ og TV 3 SPORT 1" (in Danish). digitalt.tv. February 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 15, 2016. http://digitalt.tv/nfl-frem-til-2017-pa-tv3-og-tv-2-sport/. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl : Quand sera diffusée la finale du championnat sur W9 ? - W9 et vous" (in French). http://www.w9.fr/w9-et-vous/faq-2213/super-bowl-quand-sera-diffusee-la-finale-du-championnat-sur-w9-28600.html. Retrieved January 30, 2016.[dead link]
- ↑ "Die NFL live: Alle Spiele der Regular Season und der Playoffs" (in German). ran online. January 4, 2016. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160118214134/http://www.ran.de/us-sport/nfl/live. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- ↑ "Brady vs. Manning: de grootste rivaliteit in de NFL" (in Dutch). Fox Sports. Archived from the original on August 20, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160820102331/http://www.foxsports.nl/meer-sport/nieuws/artikel/709015/brady-manning-grootste-rivaliteit-nfl. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 2016 op FOX en FOX Sports" (in Dutch). totaaltv.nl. Jarco Kriek. February 4, 2016. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. http://www.totaaltv.nl/nieuws/21843/super-bowl-2016-op-fox-enlive-fox-sports.html. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl live op Fox en Fox Sports" (in Dutch). radio.nl. February 4, 2016. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. http://radio.nl/809594/super-bowl-live-op-fox-en-fox-sports. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- ↑ 115.0 115.1 "BBC secures new NFL rights deal". BBC. September 9, 2015. Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/latestnews/2015/bbc-secures-nfl-rights. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- ↑ "NFL schedule released: all primetime games again on Westwood One" (Press release). Westwood One. April 21, 2015. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. http://westwoodonesports.com/2015/04/nfl-schedule-released-all-primetime-games-again-on-westwood-one/. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- ↑ "Sony Six brings American football to India with NFL" (in en). 17 September 2014. http://www.indiantelevision.com/television/tv-channels/sports/sony-six-brings-american-football-to-india-with-nfl-140917. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- ↑ "Tom Brady, 39 other Super Bowl MVPs expected to attend pregame ceremony Sunday". Pro Football Talk. February 4, 2016. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160205053535/http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2016/02/04/tom-brady-39-other-super-bowl-mvps-expected-to-attend-pregame-ceremony-on-sunday/. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- ↑ Serico, Chris (February 7, 2016). "Super Bowl 50: Lady Gaga's National Anthem brings glittery start to game". Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209053719/http://www.today.com/popculture/super-bowl-50-lady-gaga-s-national-anthem-brings-glittery-t71866. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ Harrington, Jim (February 7, 2016). "Super Bowl 50: Lady Gaga odd choice for national anthem? Absolutely not". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. http://www.mercurynews.com/sports/ci_29488364/super-bowl-50-lady-gaga-thrills-soaring-national. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ "Coldplay will perform at Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show" (Press release). National Football League. December 3, 2015. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000593528/article/coldplay-will-perform-at-pepsi-super-bowl-50-halftime-show. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- ↑ "Beyonce returning to Super Bowl halftime spectacle". Associated Press. ESPN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2016. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/14526484/beyonce-perform-coldplay-super-bowl-50-half-show. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- ↑ Framke, Caroline (January 8, 2016). "Beyoncé and Bruno Mars join Coldplay for the Super Bowl 50 halftime show". Vox. Archived from the original on January 19, 2016. https://www.vox.com/2016/1/8/10737736/beyonce-coldplay-super-bowl-halftime-show. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- ↑ Seifert, Kevin (February 7, 2016). "NFL's catch rule makes early Super Bowl 50 appearance". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160208134653/http://espn.go.com/blog/nflnation/post/_/id/197920/197920. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ Martin, Jill (February 8, 2016). "Super Bowl 2016: Broncos' defense dominates as Peyton Manning wins second title". CNN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2016. http://edition.cnn.com/2016/02/07/us/super-bowl-50-gameday/.
- ↑ Dubin, Jared (February 7, 2016). "Jordan Norwood runs for longest punt return in Super Bowl history". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160208104853/http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25476933/jordan-norwood-takes-off-for-the-longest-punt-return-in-super-bowl-history. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ Sherman, Rodger (February 7, 2016). "Cam Newton fumbled and didn't try to jump on it in the biggest play of the Super Bowl". SBNation.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209055245/http://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2016/2/7/10934554/super-bowl-cam-newton-von-miller-fumble. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl 2016: Peyton Manning's Denver Broncos overwhelm Carolina Panthers". The Guardian. February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209051749/http://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/feb/07/super-bowl-50-denver-broncos-defense-overwhelms-carolina-panthers. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ 129.0 129.1 Walder, Seth (February 8, 2016). "Peyton Manning might’ve had the worst performance ever by a Super Bowl-winning quarterback". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on February 11, 2016. http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/football/peyton-manning-super-bowl-performance-worst-article-1.2524194. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ Sites, Adam (February 7, 2016). "Broncos are 1st team to win Super Bowl with less than 200 yards of offense". SBNation.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160211012925/http://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2016/2/7/10934510/denver-broncos-super-bowl-50-no-offensive-touchdown. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Super Bowl Stats: by Team Sacks". National Football League. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160211025032/http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/categorystats?tabSeq=2&statisticCategory=SACKS&conf=ALL&role=TM.
- ↑ "Super Bowl Records: Individual - Punt Returns". National Football League. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20071020001054/http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/records/superbowls/player/puntreturns.
- ↑ "Every Super Bowl record set or tied in Super Bowl 50". Sports Illustrated. February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209041634/http://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/08/super-bowl-50-panthers-broncos-new-nfl-records. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ Brennan, Christine (February 8, 2016). "Brennan: Peyton Manning has no choice but to retire now". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/columnist/brennan/2016/02/08/nfl-peyton-manning-super-bowl-broncos-panthers-retirement/79994552. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ "Peyton Manning becomes first QB to win Super Bowl with two teams". Sports Illustrated. February 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160209041634/http://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/07/peyton-manning-broncos-colts-super-bowl. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- ↑ "Peyton Manning becomes first quarterback in NFL history to win 200 games as starter". Stampede Blue. Archived from the original on August 20, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160820192649/http://www.stampedeblue.com/2016/2/7/10934762/peyton-manning-becomes-first-quarterback-in-nfl-history-to-win-200-games-colts-broncos. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- ↑ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170525152221/http://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2016/2/7/10933020/gary-kubiak-former-player-super-bowl-winning-coach. Retrieved December 11, 2017. Four other players – Mike Ditka, Bill Cowher, Tony Dungy and Sean Payton – have won Super Bowl rings as both a player and head coach, but coaching a different team than the one they played for.
- ↑ "NFL Career Sacks Leaders". Pro-Football-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Archived from the original on November 26, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20161126090410/http://www.pro-football-reference.com/leaders/sacks_career.htm. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- ↑ "Broncos, Panthers Super Bowl records". Fox Sports. February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on October 30, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20161030140111/http://www.foxsports.com/nfl/story/super-bowl-50-records-denver-broncos-carolina-panthers-peyton-manning-kony-ealy-sacks-age-020716. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- ↑ "2016 Official National Football League Record and Factbook". National Football League. pp. 654–665. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151106030504/http://www.nfl.com/static/content/public/photo/2015/07/21/0ap3000000502939.pdf.
- ↑ 141.0 141.1 "Super Bowl 50–National Football League Game Summary". NFL Enterprises. February 7, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/liveupdate/gamecenter/56834/DEN_Gamebook.pdf.
- ↑ "NFL names officials for Super Bowl 50". National Football League. January 27, 2016. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/story/0ap3000000629009/article/super-bowl-50-officials-named?campaign=tw-nf-sf19839862-sf19839862. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- ↑ "18 Years Later, John Elway Declares 'This One’s For Pat'". Denver CBSSports. February 7, 2016. https://denver.cbslocal.com/2016/02/07/18-years-later-john-elway-declares-this-ones-for-pat/. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
- ↑ "Champions League | News | News". October 8, 2011. http://www.concacafchampions.com/page/CL/NewsDetail/0,,12856~2221245,00.html.
- ↑ Smith, Michael David (December 26, 2016). "Both of last year’s Super Bowl teams are out of the playoffs". Profootballtalk.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170709043055/http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2016/12/26/both-of-last-years-super-bowl-teams-are-out-of-the-playoffs/. Retrieved June 27, 2017.