| Posed black and white photograph of Owens wearing a grey sweatshirt and a white New York Giants baseball cap |
|Born:||April 21, 1898|
Cleo Springs, Oklahoma
|Died:||May 17, 1964 (aged 66)|
Oneida, New York
|Height:||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight:||237 lb (108 kg)|
|High school:||Aline (OK)|
|Career highlights and awards
|Head coaching record|
|Regular season:||NFL: .595|
Stephen Joseph Owen (April 21, 1898 – May 17, 1964) was an American football player and coach. He earned a place in the Pro Football Hall of Fame as head coach of the National Football League's New York Giants from 1930 to 1953.
Owen's skill at designing defenses, his fundamentals-centered approach to the game and his innovative "A formation," a variation on the single-wing, also helped his offenses thrive and were key to his success. His personal style was memorable for the odd congruence of gravelly voice and easy disposition to go with his perpetual tobacco chewing.
Born in Cleo Springs in Oklahoma Territory, Owen was raised in an area known as the Cherokee Strip, where his original goal was to become a jockey, a dream denied by his 5 ft 11 in (Script error m), 230 lb (104 kg) frame that earned him the nickname "Stout Steve."
While working on a cattle ranch, he attended Phillips University in Enid, where he was an all-around athlete in 1917-18. He supplemented his income at that time as a professional wrestler under the pseudonym "Jack O'Brien," a ruse to preserve his amateur status.
Owen served in the U.S. Army training corps in World War I, then returned to coach for a year at Phillips before going to work in oil fields in various parts of the Southwest. He started to play pro football in 1924, at $50 a game, for the NFL's Kansas City Cowboys (who played all their games on the road!). After playing for the Cowboys and then the Cleveland Bulldogs in 1925, he was sold to the New York Giants in 1926 for $500, joining his brother Bill. After a futile attempt to get a cut of the purchase price from Kansas City coach Leroy Andrews, he later said of the sale:
I had seen a lot of fat hogs go for more than they paid for me. But in those days, a fat hog was a lot more valuable than a fat tackle. I was going to New York even if I had to walk there.
In 1930, he was promoted to co-player-coach for the final two games of the season with another future Hall of Famer, Benny Friedman. The 2–0 finish was a premonition of Owen's future long-term success as sole head coach starting the following season. In an unusual move for the time, he didn't sign a formal contract with owner Tim Mara. He would coach the next 23 years on a handshake. He retired as a player following the 1931 season, except for a brief comeback in 1933, helping the Giants go 11–3 and get to the title game, the first of eight appearances the Giants would make during his tenure.
After football-playing careerEdit
The team slipped to 8–5 in 1934, but still made the NFL championship game again. Facing the 13–0 Chicago Bears, the Giants came in as huge underdogs and trailed 13–3 at halftime. The icy conditions and 9 °F weather led to an adjustment between halves that became a memorable part of National Football League lore. A friend of the Maras owned a nearby shoe warehouse, and opened it on that freezing Sunday afternoon to supply the entire team with new sneakers for better footing on the frozen turf than they had had with conventional cleats, enabling them to run off 27 unanswered points in the second half for a 30–13 win and the team's first title. More than seven decades later, the contest is still remembered as "the sneakers game."
Despite the institution of the NFL draft due to the continued dominance of the Bears and Giants, the Giants returned to the championship game in 1935 and won their second and last title under Owen in 1938, 23-17 over the Green Bay Packers despite being outgained in yardage 379–208, with nine points on two blocked punts the margin of victory. New York appeared in four more season-ending NFL title clashes under Owen, but lost them all. An early World War II Three Stooges short referred to them when Moe sarcastically asked a hulking adversary, "Did you ever play footborl for da Giants?!"
In 1950, the Giants faced a powerful new foe with the arrival of the All-America Football Conference champion Cleveland Browns, who consigned them to runner-up finishes in each of the next three seasons although Owen's "umbrella defense" that shut down passing attacks made life miserable for the first-place Browns as New York won four of their six regular-season meetings, but dropped a defensive playoff struggle with them after finishing tied with the Browns for the Eastern Division title at the end of the 1950 season by the baseball-like score of 8-3 (thanks to a Cleveland safety) for the privilege of meeting the Western Division champion Los Angeles Rams in the title game, which the Browns won by two points on a go-ahead field goal in the closing seconds, after trailing virtually the entire game.
After the Giants slipped to 3–8 in 1953, Owen announced his retirement as head coach days before the end of the regular season, ending his 28 years at field level with the Giants. As the final minutes ticked away in his last game as Giant coach, a late-game loss to eventual champion Detroit, television cameras showed him standing alone on the sidelines in tears. His record as head coach was 150–99–17 (.596) and his 150 wins are still the most in franchise history.
After the GiantsEdit
Owen remained with the Giants as head scout. During the 1954 season, he served as a collegiate spring practice assistant, first at South Carolina and then at Baylor. He returned to the collegiate ranks full-time in 1955 as an assistant coach at Baylor.
Just weeks after the end of the 1955 season, the Philadelphia Eagles hired Hugh Devore as head coach and added Owen as his assistant soon after. But two seasons of struggling in Philadelphia led to the entire coaching staff's dismissal, and Owen eventually became a head coach yet again, this time on an interim basis with the Canadian Football League's Toronto Argonauts on September 21, 1959.
The Argonauts declined Owen's offer to stay on as full-time head coach for 1960, but retained him as a scout and advisor before he moved to the CFL's Calgary Stampeders on August 23, 1960 as interim head coach, but as in Toronto Owen was replaced at the end of the season. On December 29 of the same year, he was named head coach of the Saskatchewan Roughriders, a CFL team that had won just once in 1960. Owen's 1961 team nearly reached the playoffs, then did so the following year and was voted CFL Coach of the Year. But after suffering a heart attack late in 1962, he resigned on January 6, 1963.
Unable to stay away from the sport, however, he soon came back as head coach of the United Football League's Syracuse Stormers on March 20, 1963, only to return to his beloved Giants that November to scout for them.
Owen was stricken with a terminal cerebral hemorrhage in May 1964. After eight days in critical care, a great active life in football came to an end at age 66 on May 17 in Oneida, New York. He was buried at St. Patrick's Cemetery in Oneida.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "Stout Steve Owen, former Giants' coaching great, dies". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press (Florida): p. 12. May 18, 1964. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=XJseAAAAIBAJ&sjid=kcwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6537%2C3369995.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "Steve Owen quits grid Giants". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press: p. 26. December 11, 1953. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=z8RRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mGoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3809%2C3621500.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Hall of fame to induct 8 grid pros". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press: p. 40. September 15, 1966. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=bZ1RAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dWwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4312%2C2847955.
- ↑ Gottehrer. pg. 42–3
- ↑ New York Giants (1925–Present)
- ↑ "Steve Owen resigns as coach of New York Giant gridders". Eugene Register-Guard. United Press (Oregon): p. 2B. December 11, 1953. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=ZBpWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=uOIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4800%2C3995330.
- ↑ "Steve Owen to help coach Baylor gridders". Reading Eagle. United Press (Pennsylvania): p. 13. July 18, 1955. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Wg0rAAAAIBAJ&sjid=X5oFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2900%2C6779316.
- ↑ "Steve Owen to join Eagles". Victoria Advocate. Associated Press (Texas): p. 12A. January 15, 1956. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=ipxHAAAAIBAJ&sjid=XX8MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5015%2C1427709.
- ↑ "Owen top Canadian pro coach". Prescott Evening Courier. UPI (Arizona): p. 8. November 30, 1962. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=4iVPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Y08DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4828%2C2988009.
- ↑ "Hall of Famers by Year of Enshrinement". Pro Football Hall of Fame. National Football League. http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/years.aspx. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Gottehrer, Barry. The Giants of New York, the history of professional football's most fabulous dynasty. New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1963 OCLC 1356301
- Steve Owen at the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Steve Owen at the Internet Movie Database
- Steve Owen (American football) at Find a Grave