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Southwestern Athletic Conference
Established1920
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FCS
Members10
Sports fielded18 (men's: 8; women's: 10)
RegionSouthern
HeadquartersBirmingham, Alabama
CommissionerDuer Sharp
Websiteswac.org
Locations

The Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) is a college athletic conference headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, which is made up of historically black universities in the Southern United States. It participates in the NCAA's Division I for all sports; in football, it participates in the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS), still frequently referred to by its former designation of Division I-AA.

The SWAC is one of two conferences – the other being the Ivy League – that does not participate in the FCS football playoffs, and is the only one of the two whose members offer a full complement of scholarships for football.[1] The SWAC instead splits its schools into two divisions, and plays a conference championship game. Furthermore, one SWAC game, the Bayou Classic between Southern and Grambling State, is positioned on the schedule after the NCAA tournament has begun. In addition, Alabama State plays Division II rival Tuskegee annually on Thanksgiving Day (The Turkey Day Classic). These moves have been criticized by other conferences containing historically black universities,[citation needed] especially the only other Division I conference made up entirely of such schools, the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, which annually places its champion into the FCS tournament.

HistoryEdit

In 1920, athletic officials from six Texas HBCUs — C.H. Fuller of Bishop College, Red Randolph and C.H. Patterson of Paul Quinn College, E.G. Evans, H.J. Evans and H.J. Starns of Prairie View A&M, D.C. Fuller of Texas College and G. Whitte Jordan of Wiley College — met in Houston, Texas, to discuss common interests. At this meeting, they agreed to form a new league, the SWAC.

Paul Quinn became the first of the original members to withdraw from the league when it did so in 1929. When Langston University of Oklahoma was admitted into the conference two years later, it began the migration of state-supported institutions into the SWAC. Southern University entered the ranks in 1934, followed by Arkansas AM&N (now the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff) in 1936 and Texas Southern University in 1954.

Rapid growth in enrollment of the state-supported schools made it difficult for the church-supported schools to finance their athletics programs and one by one they fell victim to the growing prowess of the state-supported colleges. Bishop withdrew from the conference in 1956, Langston in 1957 and Huston-Tillotson (formerly Samuel Huston) in 1959, one year after the admittance of two more state-supported schools: Grambling College and Jackson State College. The enter-exit cycle continued in 1961 when Texas College withdrew, followed by the admittance of Alcorn A&M (now Alcorn State University) in 1962. Wiley left in 1968, the same year Mississippi Valley State College entered. Arkansas AM&N exited in 1970 and Alabama State University entered in 1982. Arkansas–Pine Bluff (formerly Arkansas AM&N) rejoined the SWAC on July 1, 1997, regaining full-member status one year later. Alabama A&M University became the conference’s tenth member when it became a full member in September, 1999 after a one year period as an affiliate SWAC member.[2] Most of the former SWAC members that have left the conference are currently a part of the Red River Athletic Conference of the NAIA.

Today, the SWAC, considered the premier HBCU conference, ranks among the elite in the nation in terms of alumni playing with professional sports teams, particularly in the sport of football.[citation needed] On the gridiron, the conference has been the biggest draw on the Football Championship Subdivision level of the NCAA, leading the nation in average home attendance for 19 of the 20 years the FCS has been in existence.[citation needed] In 1994, the SWAC fell just 40,000 fans short of becoming the first non-Football Bowl Subdivision conference to attract one million fans to its home games.[citation needed]

Current championship competition offered by the SWAC includes competition for men in baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, indoor track, outdoor track & field and tennis. Women’s competition is offered in the sports of basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, indoor track, outdoor track & field, soccer, softball, tennis and volleyball.[2]

Member schoolsEdit

Current full membersEdit

Considered the premier HBCU athletic conference, the SWAC comprises ten schools.

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Joined Nickname U.S. News
HBCU Ranking[3]
East Division
Alabama A&M University Huntsville, Alabama
(176,645)
1875 Public 6,000 1999 Bulldogs 22
Alabama State University Montgomery, Alabama
(204,086)
1867 Public 6,000 1982 Hornets 40–72
Alcorn State University Lorman, Mississippi 1871 Public 3,200 1962 Braves 27
Jackson State University Jackson, Mississippi
(156,382)
1877 Public 8,300 1958 Tigers 27
Mississippi Valley State University Itta Bena, Mississippi
(2,208)
1950 Public 2,500 1968 Delta Devils 40–72
West Division
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff Pine Bluff, Arkansas
(50,667)
1873 Public 3,200 1936,
1997*
Golden Lions 40–72
Grambling State University Grambling, Louisiana
(4,693)
1901 Public 6,900 1958 Tigers 36
Prairie View A&M University Prairie View, Texas
(4,410)
1876 Public 8,300 1920 Panthers 35
Southern University and A&M College Baton Rouge, Louisiana
(227,017)
1880 Public 7,300 1935 Jaguars 40–72
Texas Southern University Houston, Texas
(2,242,193)
1947 Public 11,000 1954 Tigers 40–72
Note
  • Arkansas–Pine Bluff was a member of the SWAC from 1936 to 1970 as Arkansas AM&N before re-joining in the 1997-98 academic season, and to gain full member status a year later.

Former membersEdit

Institution Location (Population) Joined Left Nickname Current Conference
Bishop College Marshall, Texas
(23,523)
Dallas, Texas
(1,197,816)
1920 1956 Tigers Closed in 1988, now part of Paul Quinn College as a site campus.
Langston University Langston, Oklahoma
(1,724)
1931 1957 Lions RRAC/Red River (NAIA)
Paul Quinn College Dallas, Texas
(1,197,816)
1920 1929 Tigers RRAC/Red River (NAIA)
Huston–Tillotson University* Austin, Texas
(820,611)
1920 1959 Rams RRAC/Red River (NAIA)
Texas College Tyler, Texas
(96,900)
1920 1961 Steers RRAC/Red River (NAIA)
CSFL (football)
Wiley College Marshall, Texas
(23,523)
1920 1968 Wildcats RRAC/Red River (NAIA)

Note
* Huston–Tillotson was formerly known as Samuel Huston College.

Membership timelineEdit

Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical UniversityAlabama State UniversityMississippi Valley State UniversityAlcorn State UniversityJackson State UniversityGrambling State UniversityTexas Southern UniversityUniversity of Arkansas at Pine BluffSouthern UniversityLangston UniversityWiley CollegeTexas CollegeHuston–Tillotson UniversityPrairie View UniversityPaul Quinn CollegeBishop College

SportsEdit

The SWAC sponsors championship competitions in eight men's and ten women's NCAA sanctioned sports[4]:

Teams in Southwestern Athletic Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball
10
-
Basketball
10
10
Bowling
-
7
Cross Country
9
10
Football
10
-
Golf
8
5
Soccer
-
10
Softball
-
10
Tennis
6
8
Track and Field (Indoor)
9
9
Track and Field (Outdoor)
9
10
Volleyball
-
10

FacilitiesEdit

School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
Alabama A&M Louis Crews Stadium 21,000 Elmore Gymnasium 6,000 Bulldog Field N/A
Alabama State Cramton Bowl
Hornet Stadium
25,000
30,000
ASU Acadome 7,400 Wheeler–Watkins Baseball Complex 500
Alcorn State Jack Spinks Stadium 22,500 Davey Whitney Complex 7,000 Foster Baseball Field at McGowan Stadium N/A
Arkansas-Pine Bluff Golden Lion Stadium 12,500 K. L. Johnson Complex 4,500 Torii Hunter Baseball/Softball Complex N/A
Grambling State Eddie Robinson Stadium 19,600 Fredrick C. Hobdy Assembly Center 7,500 Ralph Waldo Emerson Jones Park and Wilbert Ellis Field N/A
Jackson State Mississippi Veterans Memorial Stadium 62,000 Williams Assembly Center 8,000 Braddy Field 800
Mississippi Valley Rice–Totten Field 10,000 Harrison HPER Complex 5,000 Magnolia Field N/A
Prairie View A&M Edward L. Blackshear Field 6,000 William Nicks Building 5,520 Panther Baseball Field N/A
Southern Ace W. Mumford Stadium 29,000 F. G. Clark Center 7,500 Lee–Hines Field N/A
Texas Southern BBVA Compass Stadium (primary)
Reliant Stadium (secondary)
22,000
68,000
Health and Physical Education Arena 8,100 MacGregor Park N/A
  • Alabama State will open its new stadium in November 2012. Early-season home games will remain at the Cramton Bowl.

SWAC ChampionshipsEdit

FootballEdit

All games have been played at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama.

Year Winner Runner Up Score
1999 Southern Jackson State 31-30
2000 Grambling State Alabama A&M 14-6
2001 Grambling State Alabama State 38-31
2002 Grambling State Alabama A&M 31-19
2003 Southern Alabama State 20-9
2004 Alabama State Southern 40-35
2005 Grambling State Alabama A&M 45-6
2006 Alabama A&M Arkansas–Pine Bluff 22–13
2007 Jackson State Grambling State 42–31
2008 Grambling State Jackson State 41-9
2009 Prairie View A&M Alabama A&M 30-24
2010 Texas Southern Alabama State 11-6
2011 Grambling State Alabama A&M 16-15

Men's basketballEdit

Year Regular Season Coach Tournament Coach
1956–1957 Texas Southern Ed Adams not held
1957–1958 Texas Southern Ed Adams not held
1958–1959 Grambling Fred Hobdy not held
1959–1960 Grambling Fred Hobdy not held
1960–1961 Prairie View A&M Leroy Moore, Jr. not held
1961–1962 Prairie View A&M Leroy Moore, Jr. not held
1962–1963 Grambling Fred Hobdy not held
1963–1964 Grambling
Jackson State
Fred Hobdy
Harrison Wilson
not held
1964–1965 Southern Richard Mack not held
1965–1966 Alcorn State
Grambling
E.E. Simmons
Fred Hobby
not held
1966–1967 Alcorn State
Arkansas AM&N
Grambling
E.E. Simmons
Hubert Clemens
Fred Hobby
not held
1967–1968 Alcorn State
Jackson State
Bob Hopkins
Paul Covington
not held
1968–1969 Alcorn State Bob Hopkins not held
1969–1970 Jackson State Paul Covington not held
1970–1971 Grambling Fred Hobdy not held
1971–1972 Grambling Fred Hobdy not held
1972–1973 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney not held
1973–1974 Jackson State Paul Covington not held
1974–1975 Jackson State Paul Covington not held
1975–1976 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney not held
1976–1977 Texas Southern Robert Moreland not held
1977–1978 Southern Carl Stewart Jackson State Paul Covington
1978–1979 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1979–1980 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1980–1981 Alcorn State
Southern
Davey L. Whitney
Carl Stewart
Southern Carl Stewart
1981–1982 Alcorn State
Jackson State
Davey L. Whitney
Paul Covington
Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1982–1983 Texas Southern Robert Moreland Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1983–1984 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1984–1985 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Southern Bob Hopkins
1985–1986 Alcorn State
Southern
Davey L. Whitney
Bob Hopkins
Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1986–1987 Grambling Bob Hopkins Southern Ben Jobe
1987–1988 Southern Ben Jobe Southern Ben Jobe
1988–1989 Grambling
Southern
Texas Southern
Bob Hopkins
Ben Jobe
Robert Moreland
Southern Ben Jobe
1989–1990 Southern Ben Jobe Texas Southern Robert Moreland
1990–1991 Jackson State Andy Stoglin Jackson State Andy Stoglin
1991–1992 Texas Southern
Mississippi Valley State
Robert Moreland
Lafayette Stribling
Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1992–1993 Jackson State Andy Stoglin Southern Ben Jobe
1993–1994 Texas Southern Robert Moreland Texas Southern Robert Moreland
1994–1995 Texas Southern Robert Moreland Texas Southern Robert Moreland
1995–1996 Jackson State
Mississippi Valley State
Andy Stoglin
Lafayette Stribling
Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1996–1997 Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling Jackson State Andy Stoglin
1997–1998 Texas Southern Robert Moreland Prairie View A&M Elwood Plummer
1998–1999 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
1999–2000 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Jackson State Andy Stoglin
2000–2001 Alabama State Rob Spivery Alabama State Rob Spivery
2001–2002 Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney Alcorn State Davey L. Whitney
2002–2003 Prairie View A&M Jerome Francis Texas Southern Ronnie Courtney
2003–2004 Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling Alabama State Rob Spivery
2004–2005 Alabama A&M L. Vann Pettaway Alabama A&M L. Vann Pettaway
2005–2006 Southern Rob Spivery Southern Rob Spivery
2006–2007 Mississippi Valley State James Green Jackson State Tevester Anderson
2007–2008 Alabama State Lewis Jackson Mississippi Valley State James Green
2008–2009 Alabama State Lewis Jackson Alabama State Lewis Jackson
2009–2010 Jackson State Tevester Anderson Arkansas–Pine Bluff George Ivory
2010–2011 Texas Southern Tony Harvey Alabama State Lewis Jackson
2011-2012 Mississippi Valley State Sean Woods Mississippi Valley State Sean Woods

Men's basketball tournament performance by schoolEdit

School Championships Championship Years
Alcorn State
7
1979, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1999, 2002
Southern <center>7 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2006
Jackson State <center>5 1978, 1991, 1997, 2000, 2007
Mississippi Valley State <center>5 1986, 1992, 1996, 2008, 2012
Texas Southern <center>4 1990, 1994, 1995, 2003
Alabama State <center>4 2001, 2004, 2009, 2011
Prairie View A&M <center>1 1998
Alabama A&M <center>1 2005
Arkansas–Pine Bluff <center>1 2010

Women's basketballEdit

Year Regular season Coach Tournament Coach
1981–1982 Jackson State Sadie Magee Jackson State Sadie Magee
1982–1983 Jackson State Sadie Magee Jackson State Sadie Magee
1983–1984 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Jackson State Sadie Magee
1984–1985 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Jackson State Sadie Magee
1985–1986 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Alcorn State Shirley Walker
1986–1987 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris
1987–1988 Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1988–1989 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Alabama State Ron Mitchell
1989–1990 Jackson State Andrew Pennington
1990–1991 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Alcorn State Shirley Walker
1991–1992 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Alcorn State Shirley Walker
1992–1993 Alcorn State
Southern
Shirley Walker
Herman Hartman
Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris
1993–1994 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1994–1995 Alcorn State
Grambling
Jackson State
Shirley Walker
Patricia Bibbs
Andrew Pennington
Jackson State Andrew Pennington
1995–1996 Alcorn State
Jackson State
Shirley Walker
Andrew Pennington
Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1996–1997 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1997–1998 Grambling David Ponton Grambling David Ponton
1998–1999 Grambling David Ponton Grambling David Ponton
1999–2000 Grambling David Ponton Alcorn State Shirley Walker
2000–2001 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Alcorn State Shirley Walker
2001–2002 Southern Sandra Pugh Southern Sandra Pugh
2002–2003 Alabama State
Jackson State
Freda Freeman-Jackson
Denise Taylor
Alabama State Freda Freeman-Jackson
2003–2004 Alabama State Freda Freeman-Jackson Southern Sandra Pugh
2004–2005 Alcorn State Shirley Walker Alcorn State Shirley Walker
2005–2006 Jackson State
Southern
Denise Taylor
Sandy Pugh
Southern Sandra Pugh
2006–2007 Prairie View A&M
Jackson State
Cynthia Cooper
Denise Taylor
Prairie View A&M Cynthia Cooper
2007–2008 Prairie View A&M Cynthia Cooper Jackson State Denise Taylor
2008–2009 Prairie View A&M Cynthia Cooper Prairie View A&M Cynthia Cooper
2009–2010 Southern Southern
2010–2011 Southern Prairie View A&M Cynthia Cooper
2011-12

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. The Ivy League does not award athletic scholarships at all. Two other FCS conferences do not award football scholarships—the football-only Pioneer Football League (PFL) and the Patriot League (which offers scholarships in other sports). However, the Patriot League accepts its automatic berth in the FCS playoffs. Until 2013, PFL teams were eligible for the playoffs, but the league had no automatic berth and no team was ever selected for an at-large berth. Beginning in 2013, the PFL will receive an automatic berth into the FCS playoffs. Since the 2010 playoffs, all scholarship-awarding FCS conferences apart from the SWAC receive and accept playoff berths.
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.swac.org/conference/history.htm
  3. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/rankings/hbcu/spp+50
  4. http://www.swac.org

External linksEdit


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