Sophomore (pron.: /ˈsɒfmɔr/) is a term particularly used in US English to describe a student in the second year of study at high school or university.[1][2] The word is also used as a synonym for "second", for the second album or EP released by a musician or group, the second movie of a director, or the second season of a professional athlete.[3]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The term comes from Greek σόφισμα (sophisma), “acquired skill, clever device, method”[4] The term sophomore is probably a compound of the Greek σοφός (sophos), "wise" + μωρός (moros), "foolish, dull".[5][6][7]

Education in the US[edit | edit source]

High school[edit | edit source]

The 10th grade is the second year of a student's high school period and is referred to as sophomore year. High school sophomores are expected to begin preparing for the college application process, including increasing and focusing their extracurricular activities.[8] Students at this level are also considered to be developing greater ability for abstract thinking.[9]

College[edit | edit source]

In the U.S., college sophomores are advised to begin thinking about career options and to get involved in volunteering or social organizations on or near campus.[10]

Usage in other countries[edit | edit source]

In some other countries, such as the Philippines, sophomore is also widely used specifically in high schools. It is also used in Saudi Arabia in English-based universities and colleges.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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