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Phi Kappa Tau (ΦKT), commonly known as Phi Tau, is a collegiate fraternity located in the United States. The fraternity was founded in 1906. As of 2013, the fraternity has 146 Chartered Chapters, 81 active chapters, and around 4,000 collegiate members. SeriousFun Children's Network, founded by Beta Chapter alumnus Paul Newman, is Phi Kappa Tau's National Philanthropy. According to its Constitution, Phi Kappa Tau is one of the few social fraternities that can accept graduate students as well as undergraduates.
Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity (commonly called Phi Tau) was founded in the Union Literary Society Hall of Miami University's Old Main Building in Oxford, Ohio, on March 17, 1906. The four honored founders were Taylor A. Borradaile, Clinton D. Boyd, Dwight I. Douglass, and William H. Shideler.
The fraternity was founded as the non-Fraternity Association to give Miami's non-fraternity men a voice in campus political affairs. The name was changed to Phrenocon on March 6, 1909. The two proposed names were the "Miami Friends" and the "Miami Comrades", which were combined to form "Frenocom". "Phrenocon" was actually an alternate spelling of "Frenocom", the idea being to make the name sound more Greek.
Phrenocon became "national" in 1911 when an organization of independent men known as the Ohio University Union chose to become the Ohio University chapter of Phrenocon. Additional Phrenocon chapters were established at Ohio State University, Centre College, Mount Union College and the University of Illinois. At Miami, Phrenocon began to have difficulty retaining members by the early 1910s. Often, men would join Phrenocon, then later withdraw their membership and join Greek-letter fraternities. In fact, the Miami chapters of Delta Tau Delta and Sigma Alpha Epsilon were founded by Phrenocon members. For that reason, the Miami Chapter of Phrenocon withdrew from the National Phrenocon and adopted the name Phi Kappa Tau on March 9, 1916. Since 1919, Phi Kappa Tau has published a magazine, The Laurel. Previously, the magazine was known as Sidelights. The rest of the chapters agreed to the name change on December 21 of that year and invited Miami to return to the national organization as the Alpha chapter of Phi Kappa Tau. Eta Chapter at Muhlenberg College was the first chapter to charter after the change to Phi Kappa Tau.
Phi Kappa Tau FoundationEdit
The Phi Kappa Tau Foundation was created in 1945 as a separate charitable organization. The Foundation's significant expansion began in 1983 with the announcement of a challenge gift of over $1 million from Ewing T. Boles, a member of fraternity's Delta Chapter at Centre College. The Boles gift was the largest gift to a fraternity or sorority foundation up until that time and became the lead gift in a $3.2-million capital campaign. That same year Boles was named an Honorary Founder by Phi Kappa Tau. Boles left an additional bequest of over $3 million to the Foundation upon his death. Boles' example has encouraged other gifts to the foundation, and its current assets exceed $10 million.
Organization and leadershipEdit
Phi Kappa Tau chapters are organized into Resident Councils which include the current collegiate members of a chapter and Graduate Councils made up of all members who have graduated or left school. Each council of a chapter is entitled to a vote at the National Convention, which typically meets every two years and is the highest level of authority in the organization. The convention elects a National Council which serves as a board of directors for the fraternity and governs between conventions.
Executive offices of the Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity and Foundation are at 5221 Morning Sun Road in Oxford, Ohio. Rick Keltner is National President of the Fraternity and David Ruckman is Chairman of the Phi Kappa Tau Foundation.
As of 2013, Phi Kappa Tau reports having approximately 3,500 collegiate members, and over 90,000 initiated members.
Hazing and alcohol abuseEdit
As part of their risk management policy, Phi Kappa Tau prohibits chapters from engaging in hazing and underage drinking. The fraternity recognizes a National Hazing Prevention Week in late September.
In 2003 Bradley University student Robert Schmalz, age 22, died from alcohol poisoning during a rush week event. The event happened shortly before the university received a national award for its efforts to reduce alcohol abuse.
In 2007, Gary DeVercelly Jr., age 18, died from alcohol poisoning while pledging the fraternity at Rider University. The chapter was dissolved, and three students were indicted in the death with one receiving three years probation. Atypically, two university officials were also indicted, although charges against the officials were later dropped.
In 2012 the College of William and Mary suspended Phi Kappa Tau for three years due to a repeated history of hazing, culminating an incident when something was stolen from Colonial Williamsburg during a scavenger hunt held for new recruits.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Fast Facts - Phi Kappa Tau
- ↑ Link: http://www.phikappatau.org/learning/chapter-management/constitution-and-bylaws.html. Under membership qualifications, "Any male student not a member of a national college fraternity other than an honor society or professional fraternity who is pursuing undergraduate, post-graduate, or professional study" (Emphasis added).
- ↑ The North-American Interfraternity Conference
- ↑ "Phi Kappa Tau Risk Management Policy - Reviewed July 2011" (PDF (87 KB)). Phi Kappa Tau. http://phikappatau.org/images/stories/learning/risk_management/PKT%20Risk%20Management%20Policy.pdf. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ "Prevent Hazing". Phi Kappa Tau. http://www.phikappatau.org/preventhazing. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ Keith, Ryan (18 September 2003). "Student dies after binge drinking". Deseret News. Associated Press. http://www.deseretnews.com/article/510055042/Student-dies-after-binge-drinking.html?pg=all. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ Jodi S. Cohen; Ted Gregory; Virginia Groark (16 September 2003). "Death at college tied to drinking". Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2003-09-16/news/0309160027_1_alcohol-robert-schmalz-coroner. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 "Indictments In N.J. Campus Hazing Death". CBS News. Associated Press. 11 February 2009. http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-201_162-3133396.html. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ Hester Jr., Tom (8 August 2007). "Judge dismisses Rider U. hazing charges". USA Today. Associated Press. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-08-28-3957140900_x.htm. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ Koenig, Becky (14 February 2012). "Fraternity Suspended On Hazing Charges". Flat Hat News (Student Newspaper). http://flathatnews.com/2012/02/14/fraternity-suspended-on-hazing-charges/. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- ↑ Ham, David (14 February 2012). "W&M suspends fraternity for hazing, crimes". WVEC (ABC News). http://www.wvec.com/news/WM-suspends-fraternity-for-hazing-crimes-139292003.html. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Anson, Jack L., The Golden Jubilee History of Phi Kappa Tau, Lawhead Press, Athens Ohio: 1957
- Ball, Charles T., From Old Main to a New Century: A History of Phi Kappa Tau, Heritage Publishers, Phoenix: 1996 ISBN 0-929690-29-X