Peter Miller Dawkins (born March 8, 1938) is a Heisman Trophy winner, Rhodes Scholar, U.S. ArmyBrigadier General, and Republican candidate for Senate. He is the former vice chairman of Citigroup Private Bank.
At age 11, he was successfully treated for polio with aggressive physical therapy. After earning a scholarship, Dawkins entered Cranbrook School in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. There he was an all-league quarterback, and captain of the baseball team. He graduated from Cranbrook in the class of 1955 and was accepted for admission by two major institutions of higher learning.
Accepted by Yale University, Dawkins chose instead to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. He won high honors, serving as Brigade Commander, President of his Class, Captain of the football team, and a "Star Man" in the top five percent of his class academically. A cadet is considered outstanding if he attains one of these positions. Dawkins was the only cadet in history to hold all four at once. He was featured in Life Magazine and Reader's Digest. Even before his graduation, many predicted the bright young man would make General and perhaps even be Army Chief of Staff. Dawkins was selected for the Heisman Trophy and the Maxwell Award as a halfback for Army in 1958, and an All American under coach Earl Blaik. He was also an Assistant Captain for the hockey team. At Oxford, he won three Blues in rugby and is credited with popularizing the overarm throw (originally called the "Yankee torpedo pass") into the lineout.
Dawkins graduated from the Military Academy in 1959 with a very high class-standing, and was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship. He earned a degree at Oxford University in 1962 in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) and later earned a M.P.A. and Ph.D. from Princeton.
After being commissioned from the academy and completing his tenure as a Rhodes Scholar, Dawkins finished Infantry School and Ranger School before being posted for duty in the 82nd Airborne Division. Furthermore, he received two Bronze Stars for Valor for his service in Vietnam, and held commands in the 7th Infantry Division and 101st Airborne. From 1971-1972, Dawkins, while a Lieutenant Colonel, was the commander of the 1st Battalion 23rd Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division, Camp Hovey Korea. In addition to being an instructor at the academy, he was a White House Fellow in the 1973-1974 class. During that time, he was chosen to work on a task force, charged with changing the US Army into an all-volunteer force. In the late-70's he was 3rd Brigade Commander (War Eagle Brigade, which included the 1/503, 2/503, and 3/187 Infantry Battalions) of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, KY with the rank of Colonel. After serving as the Brigade Commander he became the Chief of Staff for the 101st Airborne Division and was subsequently promoted to Brigadier General.
At the conclusion of his 24-year career in the Army, Dawkins retired with the rank of Brigadier General in 1983. Following his retirement from the Army, Dawkins took up a position as a partner in the Wall Street firm Lehman Brothers, later becoming vice-chairman of Bain and Company. In 1991, he moved on to become chairman and CEO of Primerica. Dawkins is currently a senior partner at Flintlock Capital Asset Management.
In 1988, he unsuccessfully challenged United States Senator Frank Lautenberg for his seat in the United States Senate from New Jersey. The race was notable for the negative tone that emerged from both sides and Lautenberg's criticism of Dawkins's lack of roots in the state. Dawkins lost by an 8 percent margin.