The Orange Tornadoes and Newark Tornadoes were two manifestations of a long-lived professional American football franchise that existed in some form from 1887 to 1971, having played in the National Football League from 1929 to 1930, the American Association from 1936 to 1941, the Atlantic Coast Football League from 1963 to 1964 and 1970 to 1971, and the Continental Football League from 1965 to 1969. The team was based for most of its history in Orange, New Jersey, with many of its later years in Newark. Its last five years of existence were as the Orlando Panthers, when the team was based in Orlando, Florida. The franchise was sold back to the NFL in October 1930. The team had four head coaches in its two years in the NFL - Jack Depler in Orange, and Jack Fish, Al McGall and Andy Salata in Newark.
The Orange Tornadoes can trace their roots back to the Orange Athletic Club. The Orange A.C. was originally an amateur football team that began play in 1887. The team's first ever game was a 36-0 loss to Seton Hall University football team. By the 1890s the Orange became a semi-pro team. In 1892, the team practiced under electric lights at night to prepare for an October 8 game against Rutgers College. The Orange A. C. would go on to win that game 22-10. In 1893, the team went on to win the mythical American Football Union Championship, after posting an 8-2 record. In 1902 the Orange A. C. played against Philadelphia Phillies and the Philadelphia Athletics of the first National Football League. The team also played in World Series of Football in that year, at Madison Square Garden. These games were the first indoor football games. In 1902 Orange lost to All-Syracuse team, 36-0. However the team returned to the World Series of Football in 1903 where the played the Watertown Red & Black and, the eventual champion, the Franklin Athletic Club. Orange lost to Watertown, 11-0, and to Franklin, 12-0. However they did manage to defeat the Oreo Athletic Club of Asbury Park, 22-0, during the 1903 contest.
The Orange team became an extablished independent pro team from 1919 until 1928, under the nickname the Orange AC Golden Tornadoes. During this time, Orange defeated the New York Brickley Giants of the NFL. They also played pre-NFL versions of the Frankford Yellow Jackets and the Staten Island Stapletons. They also played against the Atlantic City Roses and the Millville Big Blue, two of the top independent teams of the 1920s. By 1928, Orange held the New York Giants and Frankford Yellow Jackets to close scores. On September 16, 1928 Orange held the 1927 NFL Champion New York Giants to just a 7-0 victory. While a week earlier the NFL's previous champions, the Frankford Yellow Jackets, were held to a 12-0 victory. Orange showed that their team could compete in the NFL.
In 1929 Ole Haugsrud, the owner of Duluth Eskimos, sold his defunct franchise rights to Piggy Simandl, a wholesale meat salesman and sports promotor from Orange, who named his franchise the Orange Tornadoes. The Tornadoes played their home games at Knights of Columbus Stadium. The first game for the new team was a scoreless tie against the New York Giants on September 29, 1929. A week later the team recorded their first ever NFL win by defeating the Boston Bulldogs 7-0. The victory can off a short George Pease pass to Paul Longua who ran 60 yards for a touchdown. However the following week, Orange experienced its first NFL loss during a 7-0 defeat to the, 1928 NFL Champions, the Providence Steamroller. The team regrouped on October 19, 1929, and the Tornandoes held the Frankford Yellow Jackets to a 6-6 tie at Frankford Stadium. A week later the team rallied from a 13-0 deficit to defeat the Boston Bulldogs, 19-13.
On October 29, 1929, the Bulldogs and Tornadoes met again to play. This time in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. Prior to 1929, the Bulldogs played as the Pottsville Maroons and the teams played for their still loyal fans at the Maroons' Minersville Park. This time however, the Tornadoes lost 6-0 by way of a 4 yard touchdown run from Boston's Tony Latone. On October 3, the Tornadoes held the Staten Island Stapletons to a scoreless tie at Thompson Stadium. During that game the Stapletons were within scoring distance three times, but to no avail. Meanwhile the Tornadoes only penatrated the Staten Island 20-yard line once.
The Orange then lost a rematch against the New York Giants, 22-0 a week later. But after a scoreless tie against Frankford, the Orange defeated the Staten Island Stapletons 3-0, due to a Felix McCormick field goal. However the next game, against the Chicago Cardinals resulted in a 26-0 Tornadoes loss. The Cardinals, led by Ernie Nevers put up 20 points in the second quarter of the game. The Tornadoes then ended their 1929 season with a 10-0 loss to Frankford. They finished with a 3-4-4 record, scoring 35 points, while giving up 80.
The team's fortune in the NFL changed for the worse after it moved to Newark in 1930. During the team's time in Newark, they played their home games at Newark Schools Stadium. Head coach Jack Depler defected to buy the Dayton Triangles, moving that team to Brooklyn and transforming that team into the Brooklyn Dodgers. He took most of the members of the 1929 Tornadoes with him. Meanwhile, the Tornadoes went through three coaches during the 1930 season, and the team's only victory during the 1930 season was against the Frankford Yellow Jackets.
The last game for the Newark Tornadoes was also against the New York Giants, a 34-7 loss on October 29, 1930. The franchise ended league play after the 1930 season and was sold back to the NFL. The league ordered the franchise sold to the highest bidder prior to the 1931 season, but there were no takers.
In 1932, a Boston-based group won a new NFL franchise and was awarded the remains of the failed Newark organization. The new team would be named the Boston Braves, now the Washington Redskins. However, the NFL does not consider the Redskins to be a continuation of the Tornadoes, just as it does not consider the Tornadoes to be a continuation of the Duluth Eskimoes.