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The Montreal Canadiens[note 1] (Script error) is a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. They are members of the Atlantic Division in the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club's official name is le Club de hockey Canadien.[1] French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens (or Le Canadien), Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle,[2] Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Les Habitants, Le CH and Le Grand Club. The team's main English nickname is the Habs, an abbreviation of "Les Habitants".

Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL. One of the oldest North American professional sports franchises, the Canadiens' history predates that of every other Canadian franchise outside of football as well as every American franchise outside of baseball. The franchise is one of the "Original Six" teams, a description used for the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. The team's championship season in 1992–93 was the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.[3]

The Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise. They have won 24 championships, 22 of them since 1927, when NHL teams became the only ones to compete for the Stanley Cup.[4] On a percentage basis, as of 2014, the franchise has won 25.3% of all Stanley Cup championships contested after the Challenge Cup era, making it the second most successful professional sports team of the traditional four major sports of Canada and the United States, behind only the Boston Celtics.[note 1][5][6]

Since 1996, the Canadiens play their home games at the Bell Centre, originally the Molson Centre.[7] The team previously played at the Montreal Forum which housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.[note 2]

HistoryEdit

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The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association,[1][2] the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible.[3] The team's first season was not a success, as they placed last. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal[4] and the team's fortunes improved over the next seasons. The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season.[1] In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL,[1] and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz. The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.[1]

In the 1930s, the club started the decade successfully with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. However, the club and its then Montreal rival, the Montreal Maroons, declined both on the ice and economically during the Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to Cleveland, Ohio interests. However, local investors were found and instead it was the Maroons that suspended operations, and several of the Maroons players moved to the Canadiens.

Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1953 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante, and Richard's younger brother, Henri.

The Canadiens added ten more championships in fifteen seasons from 1965 to 1979,[1] with another dynastic run of four straight Cups from 1976 to 1979.[1] In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set a modern-day record for fewest losses by only losing eight games in an 80-game season. The next season 1977-78, they had a 28-game unbeaten streak, the second-longest in NHL history.[5] The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Jacques Lemaire, Pierre Larouche, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 1970s.

The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy,[1] and in 1993,[1] continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s (this streak ended in the 2000s). In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 70 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to the Molson Centre (now the Bell Centre).[1]

On December 29, 2008 the Canadiens defeated the Florida Panthers by a score of 5–2, becoming the first team in NHL history to reach 3,000 victories.[6]

File:100seasonscanadienslogo.svg

Centennial celebrationsEdit

Script error The Montreal Canadiens retired various uniform numbers as part of its leadup to its celebrations during the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons.[1] As part of the scheduled events for 2009, Montreal hosted the 2009 NHL All-Star Game,[2] and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.[3]

Pour toujours, les Canadiens! is a 2009 Quebec feature film about the centennial celebrations, written by Jacques Savoie and directed by Sylvain Archambault. The film debuted in theatres on December 4, 2009, the Canadiens' centennial.[4][5]

Team identity Edit

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Logo and jersey design Edit

File:MontrealCanadiens1918.png

One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to "Club de hockey Canadien" from Club athlétique Canadien,[1] before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The "H" stands for "hockey", not "Habs" or "Habitants", a popular misconception.[2] According to NHL.com, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants".[3]

The current team colours are red, blue and white. These colours have been used in combination since 1914. The Canadiens' colours are an important part of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s.[4] The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier.[5] A passage from the short story appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five dollar bill.[6][7] The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waistline. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves red shoulder yokes. The basic design has been in use since 1914, with the current version dating from 1952. Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).[8]

The Canadiens used multiple designs prior to adopting the aforementioned design in 1914. The original shirt of the 1909-1910 season was blue with a white C. The second season had a red shirt featuring a green maple leaf with the C logo, and green pants. Lastly, the season before adopting the current look the Canadiens wore a "barber pole" design jersey with red, white and blue stripes, and the logo being a white maple leaf reading "CAC", Club Athlétique Canadien.[9] All three designs were worn during the 2009-10 season as part of the Canadiens centennary.[10]

MottoEdit

Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.

To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.

The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae which was written in 1915, the year the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship. The motto appears on the wall of the Canadiens dressing room, originally at the Montreal Forum and currently at the Bell Centre.[11]

MascotEdit

Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team, but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues.[12]

Broadcasting Edit

Montreal Canadiens games are broadcast locally in both the French and English languages. On radio, Canadiens games are broadcast in French by CHMP 98.5,[13] and in English by CKGM, TSN Radio 690, who acquired the English broadcast rights under a 7-year deal which began in the 2011-12 season.[14]

Regional television rights in French are currently held by Réseau des sports under a 12-year deal, effective as of the 2014-15 NHL season.[15] A sister to the English-language network TSN, RDS was the only French-language sports channel in Canada until the 2011 launch of TVA Sports.[16] Prior to 2014, the team's deal with RDS also included national French-language rights to the NHL, which allowed the network to air non-Habs games and the playoffs. In November 2013, Rogers Communications announced a 12-year, $5.2 billion deal to acquire exclusive national rights to the NHL as a whole; Rogers sub-licensed French-language rights to Quebecor Media and TVA Sports in a $1.5 billion deal of its own.[17] RDS parent company Bell Media subsequently announced an extension of its relationship, which sees RDS continue to broadcast Canadiens games not shown on TVA on a regional basis; games are now subject to blackout outside of the Canadiens' home market of Quebec, Atlantic Canada and parts of Ontario.[15] 22 Canadiens games per season will be televised nationally by TVA Sports, primarily through its Saturday night La super soirée LNH.[18][19]

Regional television rights in English are held by Sportsnet East in a 3-year deal announced by Rogers on September 2, 2014. Three games will be broadcast regionally by CJNT City Montreal, and the remaining games will be aired nationally through Rogers' aforementioned NHL rights deal (which will include additional games on Sportsnet and City, along with CBC Television through the revamped Hockey Night in Canada), thus giving Rogers control over all English-language telecasts of the Canadiens.[20] TSN previously held regional, English-language television rights to the Canadiens from 2010 through 2014. They were broadcast on a part-time TSN feed with Dave Randorf on play-by-play; these rights were not renewed by Bell Media past the 2013-14 season.[21][13] Sportsnet's games are called by John Bartlett and Jason York.[22]

Seasons and recordsEdit

Season by season resultsEdit

This is a list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2009–10 82 39 33 10 88 217 223 4th, Northeast Lost in Conference Finals, 1–4 (Flyers)
2010–11 82 44 30 8 96 216 209 2nd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 3–4 (Bruins)
2011–12 82 31 35 16 75 212 225 5th, Northeast Did not qualify
2012–13 48 29 14 5 63 149 126 1st, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals,1-4 (Senators)
2013–14 82 46 28 8 100 215 205 3rd, Atlantic Lost in Conference Finals, 2-4 (Rangers)

Franchise individual recordsEdit

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Franchise scoring leadersEdit

These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

PointsGoalsAssists
Player Pos GP G A Pts P/G
Guy Lafleur RW 961 518 728 1246 1.30
Jean Beliveau C 1125 507 712 1219 1.08
Henri Richard C 1256 358 688 1046 0.83
Maurice Richard RW 978 544 421 965 0.99
Larry Robinson D 1202 197 686 883 0.73
Yvan Cournoyer RW 968 428 435 863 0.89
Jacques Lemaire C 853 366 469 835 0.98
Steve Shutt LW 871 408 368 776 0.89
Bernie Geoffrion RW 766 371 388 759 0.99
Saku Koivu C 792 191 450 641 0.81
Player Pos G
Maurice Richard RW 544
Guy Lafleur RW 518
Jean Beliveau C 507
Yvan Cournoyer RW 428
Steve Shutt LW 408
Bernie Geoffrion RW 371
Jacques Lemaire C 366
Henri Richard C 358
Aurele Joliat LW 270
Mario Tremblay RW 258
Player Pos A
Guy Lafleur RW 728
Jean Beliveau C 712
Henri Richard C 688
Larry Robinson D 686
Jacques Lemaire C 469
Saku Koivu C 450
Yvan Cournoyer RW 435
Maurice Richard RW 421
Elmer Lach C 408
Guy Lapointe D 406

Sources: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/stats/search?position=S&search=players&season_type=2&stats_type=career. Retrieved 2009-06-27., "Hockey-Reference.com". 2010-06-17. http://www.hockey-reference.com.

Records – skatersEdit

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_skaters. Retrieved 2008-12-12.

Records – goaltendersEdit

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_goalies. Retrieved 2008-12-12.

Current rosterEdit

Template:Montreal Canadiens roster

LeadersEdit

Team captainsEdit

Head coachesEdit

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Source: "Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/coach. Retrieved 2008-12-12.

Honoured membersEdit

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File:Chandails rétirés CH, Plante, Moore, Harvey, M.Richard, Bouchard, Lach, Morenz.jpg

Retired numbersEdit

The Canadiens have retired fifteen numbers in honour of eighteen players,[1] the most of any team in the National Hockey League, and the third highest total of any of the four major professional sports leagues of the United States and Canada. All of the honourees were born in Canada. Howie Morenz was the first honouree on November 2, 1937.[2]

Montreal Canadiens retired numbers
No. Player Position Career Date of honour
1 Jacques Plante G 1953-63 October 7, 1995
2 Doug Harvey D 1947-61 October 26, 1985
3 Emile Bouchard D 1941-56 December 4, 2009
4 Jean Beliveau C 1952-71 October 9, 1971
5 Bernie Geoffrion RW 1950-64 March 11, 2006
Guy Lapointe D 1968-82 November 8, 2014
7 Howie Morenz C 1923-37 November 2, 1937
9 Maurice Richard RW 1943-60 October 6, 1960
10 Guy Lafleur RW 1971-85 February 16, 1985
12 Dickie Moore LW 1953-63 November 12, 2005
Yvan Cournoyer RW 1964-79 November 12, 2005
16 Henri Richard C 1955-75 December 10, 1975
Elmer Lach C 1940-54 December 4, 2009
18 Serge Savard D 1967-81 November 18, 2006
19 Larry Robinson D 1972-89 November 19, 2007
23 Bob Gainey LW 1974-89 February 23, 2008
29 Ken Dryden G 1970-79 January 29, 2007
33 Patrick Roy G 1985-95 November 22, 2008

Hockey Hall of FameEdit

Sixty-two people associated with the Canadiens have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Thirty-six of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–1960, 11 from 1964–1969 and 13 from 1975–1979. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Chris Chelios was the most recently inducted, in 2013.[3]

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Player Nat. Position Inducteed
Howie Morenz Canada C 1945
Georges Vezina Canada G 1945
Aurele Joliat Canada LW 1947
Newsy Lalonde Canada C 1950
Joe Malone Canada C 1950
Sprague Cleghorn Canada D 1958
Herb Gardiner Canada D 1958
Sylvio Mantha Canada D 1960
Maurice "Rocket" Richard Canada RW 1961
Joe HallCanada D 1961
George HainsworthCanada G 1961
Harry CameronCanada D 1962
Jack LavioletteCanada D 1962
Jimmy GardnerCanada LW 1962
Didier PitreCanada RW 1962
Albert "Babe" SiebertCanada D 1964
Bill Durnan Canada G 1964
Marty BarryCanada C 1965
Ken ReardonCanada D 1966
Hector "Toe" BlakeCanada LW 1966
Emile BouchardCanada D 1966
Elmer LachCanada C 1966
Tom JohnsonCanada D 1970
Jean BeliveauCanada C 1972
Bernard "Boom Boom" GeoffrionCanada RW 1972
Doug HarveyCanada D 1973
Dickie MooreCanada LW 1974
Gord Drillon Canada RW 1975
Jacques PlanteCanada G 1978
Henri "Pocket Rocket" RichardCanada C 1979
Lorne "Gump" WorsleyCanada G 1980
Frank MahovlichCanada LW 1981
Yvan Cournoyer Canada RW 1982
Ken Dryden Canada G 1983
Jacques Lemaire Canada C 1984
Bert Olmstead Canada LW 1985
Serge Savard Canada D 1986
Jacques Laperriere Canada D 1987
Guy Lafleur Canada RW 1988
Tony Esposito Canada G 1988
Bud O'Connor Canada C 1988
Bob Gainey Canada LW 1992
Guy Lapointe Canada D 1993
Steve Shutt Canada LW 1993
Larry Robinson Canada D 1995
Denis Savard Canada C 2000
Rod Langway United States D 2002
Patrick Roy Canada G 2006
Dick Duff Canada LW 2006
Doug Gilmour Canada C 2011
Chris Chelios United States D 2013

The following are members of the Hockey Hall of Fame in the Builders category. The first inductee was Vice President William Northy in 1945. The most recent inductee was coach Pat Burns in 2014.

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Builder Nat. Title Inducted
William Northey Canada Vice President 1945
Hon. Donat Raymond Canada Owner 1958
Dick Irvin Canada Coach 1958
Frank J. Selke Canada General Manager 1960
J. Ambrose O'Brien Canada Owner 1962
Leo Dandurand Canada Owner 1963
Tommy Gorman Canada General Manager 1963
Hon. H de M Molson Canada Owner 1973
Joe Cattarinich Canada Owner 1977
Sam Pollock Canada General Manager 1978
Scotty BowmanCanada Coach 1991
Pat BurnsCanada Coach 2014

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit


ReferencesEdit

Sources

External linksEdit

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Template:Montreal Canadiens

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