The Oklahoma Sooners college football team competes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, representing the University of Oklahoma in the South Division of the Big 12 Conference. The Sooners have played their home games at Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma since 1923.
The Sooners claim seven national championships. They have also recorded 42 total conference championships, twelve undefeated, untied seasons and the longest winning streak in Division I FBS history with 47 straight victories. The Oklahoma football program is the most successful program of the modern era (post–World War II) with 524 wins and a winning percentage of .761 since 1945 and with 779 wins, ranks fourth all-time in win–loss records in the NCAA.
Football was introduced to the university by John A. Harts in 1895. Harts was a student from Kansas who had played the game in his home state. The university had its first paid coach in Vernon L. Parrington, who led the Sooners to a record of nine wins, one loss, and two ties over four seasons. Bennie Owen brought Oklahoma to the national stage during his 22-year tenure as head coach. He retired with a 122–54–16 record, including four seasons in which the team went unbeaten. During Owen's tenure, Oklahoma became a charter member of the Southwest Conference, in which they remained for five years before leaving to join the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association. The MVIAA conference would later transform into the Big Six, Big Seven, and finally the Big Eight Conference.
In 1947, Oklahoma promoted Bud Wilkinson, then an assistant coach, to head coach. Wilkinson led the Sooners to national championships in 1950, 1955, and 1956, as well as a stretch of 47 consecutive victories that began in 1953 and ended in 1957. Wilkinson's tenure included a streak of 13 consecutive conference championships (in addition to one by his predecessor). Oklahoma continued to perform well after Wilkinson left, but only returned to the national title picture following the hiring of Barry Switzer in 1973. Switzer began similarly to Wilkinson, with eight consecutive conference championships in addition to national championships in 1974 and 1975. Switzer added Oklahoma's sixth national championship in 1985.
After a decline that lasted more than a decade, Oklahoma again won the national championship in 2000, after coach Bob Stoops had been hired the previous year. By then Oklahoma had joined a new conference that combined the Big Eight Conference and four Texas schools of the Southwest Conference. Stoops has won six conference championships, while no other team in the Big 12 has more than two. Through the 2010 season, Oklahoma has compiled an overall record of 811 wins, 304 losses, and 53 ties. The Sooners have won 43 conference championships and have appeared in 44 bowl games, most recently in the 2011 Fiesta Bowl.
|National Champions †||Conference Champions *||Bowl game berth ^||Shared standing T|
|Conference finish||Division finish|
|Wins||Losses||Ties||Associated Press Poll|
|USA Today Coaches' Poll|
|1895||John A. Harts||Independent||—||—||0||1||0||—||—||—|
|1897||Vernon L. Parrington||Independent||—||—||2||0||0||—||—||—|
|1915 *||Southwest Conference||T–1st||—||10||0||0||—||—||—|
|1918 *||Southwest Conference||1st||—||6||0||0||—||—||—|
|1929||Big Six Conference||4th||—||3||3||2||—||—||—|
|1930||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||4||3||1||—||—||—|
|1931||Big Six Conference||T–5th||—||4||7||1||—||—||—|
|1932||Lewie Hardage||Big Six Conference||T–2nd||—||4||4||1||—||—||—|
|1933||Big Six Conference||3rd||—||4||4||1||—||—||—|
|1934||Big Six Conference||3rd||—||3||4||2||—||—||—|
|1935||Lawrence Jones||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||6||3||0||—||—||—|
|1936||Big Six Conference||4th||—||3||3||3||—||—||—|
|1937||Tom Stidham||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||5||2||2||—||—||—|
|1938 *||Big Six Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Lost Orange Bowl to Tennessee Volunteers, 17–0 ^||4||—|
|1939||Big Six Conference||3rd||—||6||2||1||—||19||—|
|1940||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||6||3||0||—||—||—|
|1941||Dewey Luster||Big Six Conference||T–2nd||—||6||3||0||—||—||—|
|1942||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||3||5||2||—||—||—|
|1943 *||Big Six Conference||1st||—||7||2||0||—||—||—|
|1944 *||Big Six Conference||1st||—||6||3||1||—||—||—|
|1945||Big Six Conference||2nd||—||5||5||0||—||—||—|
|1946 *||Jim Tatum||Big Six Conference||T–1st||—||8||3||0||Won Gator Bowl against N.C. State Wolfpack 34–13 ^||14||—|
|1947 *||Bud Wilkinson||Big Six Conference||T–1st||—||7||2||1||—||16||—|
|1948 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Won Sugar Bowl against North Carolina Tar Heels, 14–6 ^||5||—|
|1949||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||11||0||0||Won Sugar Bowl against LSU Tigers, 35–0 ^||2||—|
|1950 †*||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Lost Sugar Bowl to Kentucky Wildcats, 13–7 ^||1||1|
|1951 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||8||2||0||—||10||11|
|1952 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||8||1||1||—||4||4|
|1953 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||9||1||1||Won Orange Bowl against Maryland Terrapins, 7–0 ^||4||5|
|1954 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||0||0||—||3||3|
|1955 †*||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||11||0||0||Won Orange Bowl against Maryland Terrapins, 20–6 ^||1||1|
|1956 †*||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||0||0||—||1||1|
|1957 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Duke Blue Devils, 48–21 ^||4||4|
|1958 *||Big Seven Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Syracuse Orange, 21–6 ^||5||5|
|1959 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||7||3||0||—||15||17|
|1960||Big Eight Conference||5th||—||3||6||1||Ineligible ||—||—|
|1961||Big Eight Conference||4th||—||5||5||0||—||—||—|
|1962 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||8||3||0||Lost Orange Bowl to Alabama Crimson Tide, 17–0 ^||8||7|
|1963||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||8||2||0||—||9||8|
|1964||Gomer Jones||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||6||4||1||Lost Gator Bowl to Florida State Seminoles, 36–19 ^||—||—|
|1965||Big Eight Conference||5th||—||3||7||0||—||—||—|
|1966||Jim Mackenzie||Big Eight Conference||5th||—||6||4||0||—||—||—|
|1967 *||Chuck Fairbanks||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||10||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Tennessee Volunteers, 26–24 ^||3||3|
|1968 *||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||7||4||0||Lost Bluebonnet Bowl to SMU Mustangs, 28–27 ^||11||10|
|1969||Big Eight Conference||4th||—||6||4||0||—||—||—|
|1970||Big Eight Conference||T–2nd||—||7||4||1||Tied Bluebonnet Bowl to Alabama Crimson Tide, 24–24 ^||20||15|
|1971||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||11||1||0||Won Sugar Bowl against Auburn Tigers, 40–22 ^||2||3|
|1972 *||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||8||4||0||Won Sugar Bowl against Penn State Nittany Lions, 14–0 ^||2||2|
|1973 *||Barry Switzer||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||10||0||1||Ineligible||3||2|
|1974 †*||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||11||0||0||Ineligible||1||Ineligible|
|1975 †*||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||11||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Michigan Wolverines, 14–6 ^||1||1|
|1976 *||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||9||2||1||Won Fiesta Bowl against Wyoming, 41–7 ^||5||6|
|1977 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||10||2||0||Lost Orange Bowl to Arkansas Razorbacks, 31–6 ^||7||6|
|1978 *||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||11||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Nebraska Cornhuskers, 31–24 ^||3||3|
|1979 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||11||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Florida State Seminoles, 24–7 ^||3||3|
|1980 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||10||2||0||Won Orange Bowl against Florida State Seminoles, 18–17 ^||3||3|
|1981||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||7||4||1||Won Sun Bowl against Houston Cougars, 40–14 ^||20||14|
|1982||Big Eight Conference||T–2nd||—||8||4||0||Lost Fiesta Bowl to Arizona State Sun Devils, 32–21 ^||16||16|
|1983||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||8||4||0||—||—||—|
|1984 *||Big Eight Conference||T–1st||—||9||2||1||Lost Orange Bowl to Washington Huskies, 28–17 ^||6||6|
|1985 †*||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||11||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Penn State Nittany Lions, 25–10 ^||1||1|
|1986 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||11||1||0||Won Orange Bowl against Arkansas Razorbacks, 42–8 ^||3||3|
|1987 *||Big Eight Conference||1st||—||11||1||0||Lost Orange Bowl to Miami Hurricanes, 20–14 ^||3||3|
|1988||Big Eight Conference||2nd||—||9||3||0||Lost Citrus Bowl to Clemson Tigers, 13–6 ^||14||14|
|1989||Gary Gibbs||Big Eight Conference||3rd||—||7||4||0||Ineligible||—||—|
|1990||Big Eight Conference||T–2nd||—||8||3||0||Ineligible||17||—|
|1991||Big Eight Conference||3rd||—||9||3||0||Won Gator Bowl against Virginia Cavaliers, 48–14 ^||16||14|
|1992||Big Eight Conference||4th||—||5||4||2||—||—||—|
|1993||Big Eight Conference||4th||—||9||3||0||Won John Hancock Bowl against Texas Tech Red Raiders, 41–10 ^||17||14|
|1994||Big Eight Conference||4th||—||6||6||0||Lost Copper Bowl to BYU Cougars, 31–6 ^||—||—|
|1995||Howard Schnellenberger||Big Eight Conference||T–5th||—||5||5||1||—||—||—|
|1996||John Blake||Big 12 Conference||—||4th||3||8||—[A 4]||—||—||—|
|1997||Big 12 Conference||—||4th||4||8||—||—||—||—|
|1998||Big 12 Conference||—||4th||5||6||—||—||—||—|
|1999||Bob Stoops||Big 12 Conference||—||2nd||7||5||—||Lost Independence Bowl to Ole Miss Rebels, 27–25 ^||—||—|
|2000 †*||Big 12 Conference||1st ||1st||13||0||—||Won Orange Bowl against Florida State Seminoles, 13–2 ^||1||1|
|2001||Big 12 Conference||—||2nd||11||2||—||Won Cotton Bowl Classic against Arkansas Razorbacks, 10–3 ^||6||6|
|2002 *||Big 12 Conference||1st ||T–1st||12||2||—||Won Rose Bowl against Washington State Cougars, 34–14 ^||5||5|
|2003||Big 12 Conference||2nd ||1st||12||2||—||Lost Sugar Bowl to LSU Tigers, 21–14 ^||3||3|
|2004 *||Big 12 Conference||1st ||1st||12||1||—||Lost Orange Bowl to USC Trojans, 55–19 ^||3||3|
|2005||Big 12 Conference||—||2nd||8||4||—||Won Holiday Bowl against Oregon Ducks, 17–14 ^||22||22|
|2006 *||Big 12 Conference||1st ||1st||11||3||—||Lost Fiesta Bowl to Boise State Broncos, 43–42 (OT) ^||11||11|
|2007 *||Big 12 Conference||1st ||1st||11||3||—||Lost Fiesta Bowl to West Virginia Mountaineers, 48–28 ^||8||8|
|2008 *||Big 12 Conference||1st || T–1st|
|12||2||—||Lost BCS Championship Game to Florida Gators, 24–14 ^||5||5|
|2009||Big 12 Conference||—||4th||8||5||—||Won Sun Bowl against Stanford Cardinal, 31–27 ^||—||—|
|2010 *||Big 12 Conference||1st||1st||12||2||—||Won Fiesta Bowl against UConn Huskies, 48-20 ^||6||6|
|2011||Big 12 Conference||T–3rd||—||10||3||—||Won Insight Bowl against Iowa Hawkeyes, 31-14 ^||16||15|
|2012||Big 12 Conference||T-1st||—||10||3||—||Lost Cotton Bowl against Texas A&M Aggies, 41-13 ^|
|Total||794||290||52||(only includes regular season games)|
|27||17||1||(only includes bowl games; 45 appearances)|
Conference championship game resultsEdit
|2000||Kansas State Wildcats||W||27–24||Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|2002||Colorado Buffaloes||W||29–7||Reliant Stadium||Houston, Texas|
|2003||Kansas State Wildcats||L||7–35||Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|2004||Colorado Buffaloes||W||42–3||Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|2006||Nebraska Cornhuskers||W||21–7||Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|2007||Missouri Tigers||W||38–17||Alamodome||San Antonio, Texas|
|2008||Missouri Tigers||W||62–21||Arrowhead Stadium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|2010||Nebraska Cornhuskers||W||23-20||Cowboys Stadium||Arlington, Texas|
- ↑ The Big 12 Conference introduced divisional play in its first year in 1997; the divisional winners advance to the Big 12 Championship Game to determine the conference champion.
- ↑ The Associated Press began conducting a weekly college football poll in 1936.
- ↑ The college football coaches' poll has been sponsored by multiple organizations since its creation in 1950. Its current sponsor is USA Today.
- ↑ Overtime rules in college football were introduced in 1996, making ties impossible in the period since.
- ↑ Oklahoma, Texas, Texas Tech all finished the season with identical 7–1 conference records, creating a three-way-tie for the South division championship. Under Big 12 tiebreaker rules, ties are normally broken by head-to-head matchups but this case was unique as Texas beat Oklahoma 45–35, Oklahoma beat Texas Tech 65–21, and Texas Tech beat Texas 39–33 which made breaking the three-way tie impossible using head-to-head games. According to Big 12 rules, the fifth tie-breaker dictated that the team with the highest BCS Ranking, released on November 30 the of that year would represent the South Division in the championship game. Coaches, journalists and computer rankings, which are the major components of the BCS ranking formula decided the division representative. During the final week of the Big 12 regular season, Oklahoma defeated a ranked Oklahoma State team and Texas defeated an unranked Texas A&M team delivering a higher computer rating to Oklahoma and influencing BCS voters.
- ↑ "Oklahoma Memorial Stadium History". SoonerStats.com. http://www.soonerstats.com/football/stadium/index.cfm. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ↑ Undefeated, Untied Teams "Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) Records," NCAA, July 2008. Accessed 2009-09-14
- ↑ Cripe, Chadd (2006-12-17). "Football is a way of life for OU and its fans". Idaho Statesman.
- ↑ "OU No. 1 Program of the Modern Era". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://www.soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/m-footbl-no1-program-modern-era.html. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
- ↑ All-Time Team Won-Lost Records "Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) Records," NCAA, July 2008. p. 70. Accessed 2009-09-14
- ↑ Keith, Harold (September 1942). "Football Ups and Downs". Sooner Magazine: pp. 12–13, 54. http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/sooner/articles/p12-13,54_1942v15n1_OCR.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "OU Football Tradition: Head Coaches". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://www.soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/head_coaches.html. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- ↑ Dozier, Ray (2006). Moyer, Susan. ed. The Oklahoma Football Encyclopedia. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing, L.L.C.. pp. 24–31. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/978-1-58261-669-5|978-1-58261-669-5]].
- ↑ Cross, George Lynn (September 1977). Presidents Can't Punt: The OU Football Tradition. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1419-3.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "OU Football Tradition: 42 Conference Titles". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://www.soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/m-footbl-conf-titles.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ↑ Moran, Malcolm (1996-08-25). "Despite Complications, Big 12 Is Instant Commercial Hit". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2009-09-28. http://www.webcitation.org/5k7uUFN1h. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 "Big 12 Football Media Guide". Big 12 Conference. 2009. http://www.big12sports.com/fls/10410//pdfs/football/09Guide/Complete-Media-Guide.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 "Oklahoma Yearly Totals". College Football Data Warehouse. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/big12/oklahoma/yearly_totals.php. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ↑ "Oklahoma Football Tradition: Seasons". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://www.soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/seasons.html. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- ↑ "Football Seasons". SoonerStats.com. http://www.soonerstats.com/football/seasons/index.cfm?decade=all. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ↑ "OU Football Tradition: 7 National Championships". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://www.soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/m-footbl-national-championships.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ↑ "OU Football Tradition: Bowl History". The University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. http://soonersports.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/m-footbl-bowl-history.html. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- ↑ "Oklahoma Bowl History". College Football Data Warehouse. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/big12/oklahoma/bowl_history.php. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- ↑ "Tiebreaker Procedures". Big 12 Sports. http://www.big12sports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=10410&ATCLID=1546006. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ Associated Press (Writers and Broadcasters) Final Polls Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) Records, NCAA. July 2008. pp. 96–99 Accessed 2009-09-14.
- ↑ USA Today/ESPN (Coaches) Weekly Poll Leaders Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) Records, NCAA. July 2008. pp. 101–105 Accessed 2009-09-14.
- ↑ https://web1.ncaa.org/LSDBi/exec/miSearch?miSearchSubmit=publicReport&key=4&publicTerms=THIS%20PHRASE%20WILL%20NOT%20BE%20REPEATED
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 https://web1.ncaa.org/LSDBi/exec/miSearch?miSearchSubmit=publicReport&key=271&publicTerms=THIS%20PHRASE%20WILL%20NOT%20BE%20REPEATED
- ↑ http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/football_records/DI/2009/2009FBS.pdf
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 https://web1.ncaa.org/LSDBi/exec/miSearch?miSearchSubmit=publicReport&key=455&publicTerms=THIS%20PHRASE%20WILL%20NOT%20BE%20REPEATED
- ↑ Whiteside, Kelly (August 25, 2006). "Overtime system still excites coaches". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2009-09-28. http://www.webcitation.org/5k7ueRNcj. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- ↑ Weiss, Dick (2008-12-01). "Sooners win Big 12 South thanks to BCS computers:". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/college/2008/11/30/2008-11-30_sooners_win_big_12_south_thanks_to_bcs_c.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- ↑ George, Brandon. "Big 12 commissioner says it's been a tough week:". The Dallas Morning News. http://collegesportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/2008/12/big-12-commissioner-says-its-been-a-toug.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15.