FANDOM


A large number of former American football (NFL) players have been diagnosed with or have had chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE. A definitive diagnosis so far can be made only post-mortem. However, an increasing number of former players are reporting symptoms of CTE.

Players affectedEdit

Many players affected by CTE have been professional players, but others have also been affected by or live with the possibility of having CTE.

In July 2011, Colts tight end John Mackey died after several years of deepening symptoms of frontotemporal dementia. BUSM was reported to be planning to examine his brain for signs of CTE.[1] The Brain Bank found CTE in his brain post-mortem.[2]

On July 27, 2012, an autopsy report concluded that the former Atlanta Falcons safety Ray Easterling, who died from suicide in April 2012, had CTE.[3][4]

On February 4, 2016, an autopsy report from Massachusetts confirmed discovered CTE in Ken Stabler's brain after his death.[5] Stabler, an NFL MVP and Hall of Famer, was diagnosed with high Stage 3 CTE. Stage 4 is the most aggressive stage of the disease.

Heisman Trophy winner and former NFL All-Pro Bo Jackson said in a 2017 interview with USA Today that if he had known about the risks associated with CTE, he would never have played football, and he discourages his children from doing so.[6] In late 2017, former Kansas City Chiefs running back Larry Johnson reported having symptoms akin to Aaron Hernandez, including memory blanks, suicidal thoughts and thoughts of committing violent acts. Although there is no way to positively diagnose CTE before death, Johnson believes he is living with the disease.[7]

Former players with CTE confirmed post-mortem Edit

A definitive test currently can be made only by examining the brain tissue of a deceased victim.

As the families of many deceased players wish to keep their medical information private, the following list is incomplete. A brain injury study conducted at the Boston University School of Medicine showed that 33 of 34 players tested post-mortem showed clear signs of CTE,[8] and additional players have so far been confirmed with CTE separately. A new list released in November 2016 mentions CTE in 90 of 94 brains of former and deceased NFL players.[9] In July 2017, a new study showed that 110 of 111 brains examined showed signs of CTE.[10]

Deceased players suspected of having had CTEEdit

Included in the list are players diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who were never tested post-mortem for CTE but whose history appears consistent with CTE. A typical diagnosis of ALS has primarily been based on the symptoms and signs the physician observes in the patient and a series of tests to rule out other diseases[48] and therefore, prior to the discovery of CTE as a phenomenon in ex-American football players, many CTE cases were diagnosed as ALS. The testing of CTE in deceased ex-NFL players began only after the disease was first diagnosed, in 2002, in the brain tissue of Mike Webster.[49] After then, testing became common practice only gradually. A cohort mortality study run by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examined 3,349 NFL players who played at least five full seasons from 1959 to 1988.[50][51] Findings showed that while NFL players lived longer than the average American male, the risk of death associated with neurodegenerative disorders was about three times higher among the NFL cohort.[50][51] The risk for death from Alzheimer's disease and ALS were about four times higher among the NFL cohort.[50]

Some on this list may have had dementia not related to ALS or CTE.

Living former players diagnosed with CTE or ALS or reporting symptoms consistent with CTE or ALSEdit

These players have publicly acknowledged either having been diagnosed with likely CTE or having experienced symptoms, such as dementia or unusual memory loss, consistent with CTE. In some cases, the player has received a diagnosis of ALS but symptoms are consistent with CTE. There are at least two dozen former players who were diagnosed as part of a UCLA study but have not come forward publicly.[8] There are also around 4,500 former players who joined a class action lawsuit against the NFL alleging that it had covered up a growing body of medical evidence about the preponderance of head-trauma related CTE in ex-NFL players.[55]

Some of these ex-players may have medical conditions other than CTE or ALS. For example, ex-players that have presented with symptoms late in life may have other forms of age-related dementia. Some of the former players on this list came forward only in the context of the class action lawsuit versus the NFL. At present, there is no definitive CTE test available for living persons. Their average age is 51.

Former players listed as plaintiffs in lawsuits against the NFL for concussion-related injuries received after playing Edit

This list is incomplete. The NFL reportedly reached a settlement in 2013 with around 4,500 former players (or their estates). This list currently contains fewer than half that number.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cowherd, Kevin, "Mackey leaves enduring legacy on and off field", Baltimore Sun, July 07, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  2. "Study: new cases of CTE in players". ESPN. 3 Dec 2012. http://espn.go.com/espn/otl/story/_/id/8697286/boston-university-researchers-discover-28-new-cases-chronic-brain-damage-deceased-football-players. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Autopsy: Former Falcons safety Ray Easterling had brain disease associated with concussions", CBS/AP, July 27, 2012.
  4. "Ray Easterling autopsy found signs of brain disease CTE", New York Times, July 27, 2012.
  5. "Raiders great Ken Stabler had Stage 3 chronic traumatic encephalopathy". http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25471516/raiders-great-ken-stabler-had-stage-3-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy.
  6. Nightengale, Bob (January 12, 2017). "Bo Jackson's startling hindsight: 'I would have never played football'". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/mlb/columnist/bob-nightengale/2017/01/12/bo-jackson-football-cte-mlb/96492338/. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  7. "Larry Johnson is convinced he has CTE, fears he 'could be Aaron Hernandez'" (in en). CBSSports.com. https://www.cbssports.com/nfl/news/larry-johnson-is-convinced-he-has-cte-fears-he-could-be-aaron-hernandez/.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "CTE, a Degenerative Brain Disease, Found in 34 Pro Football Players". ABC News. December 3, 2012. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/cte-degenerative-brain-disease-found-34-pro-football/story?id=17869457.
  9. [citation needed]
  10. CNN, Daniella Emanuel. "CTE found in 99% of studied brains from deceased NFL players". http://www.cnn.com/2017/07/25/health/cte-nfl-players-brains-study/index.html.
  11. "OTL: Belcher's brain had CTE signs". http://espn.go.com/espn/otl/story/_/id/11612386/jovan-belcher-brain-showed-signs-cte-doctor-says-report.
  12. "NFL, Riddell Face Brain Injury Suit After Ex-Player's Death". July 16, 2013. http://www.law360.com/articles/457498/nfl-riddell-face-brain-injury-suit-after-ex-player-s-death. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 Ward, Joe; Williams, Josh; Manchester, Sam (July 25, 2017). "111 N.F.L. Brains. All But One Had C.T.E.". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/07/25/sports/football/nfl-cte.html.
  14. "CTE found in Lew Carpenter's brain". ESPN via Associated Press. http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/7332016/evidence-cte-found-lew-carpenter-brain. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  15. "110 N.F.L. Brains". New York Times. July 25, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/07/25/sports/football/nfl-cte.html. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  16. Mano, Daniel (March 19, 2017). "49ers legend Dwight Clark announces ALS diagnosis". The Mercury News. http://www.mercurynews.com/2017/03/19/49ers-legend-dwight-clark-announces-als-diagnosis/. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  17. "Lou Creekmur". http://www.bu.edu/cste/case-studies/lou-creekmur/. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  18. Smith, Stephanie (April 1, 2011), Ex-Falcons lineman had brain disease linked to concussions, CNN, http://www.cnn.com/2011/HEALTH/04/01/brain.concussion.dronett/index.html?hpt=Sbin
  19. Deardorff, Julie (May 2, 2011). "Study: Duerson had brain damage at time of suicide". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/health/cbsports-study-duerson-had-brain-damage-at-time-of-suicide-20110502,0,1748318.story.
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 Ken Belson and Alan Schwarz, The N.F.L.'s Tragic C.T.E. Roll Call, The New York Times, March 15, 2016
  21. "Ray Easterling autopsy found signs of brain disease CTE", New York Times, July 27, 2012.
  22. Eliott C. McLaughlin & Catherine E. Shoichet. "Family: Frank Gifford suffered from brain disease CTE". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2015/11/25/health/frank-gifford-cte-concussion-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy/index.html.
  23. Gola, Hank. "Ex-cop pens Cookie Gilchrist bio". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-11-16/news/30407756_1_cookie-gilchrist-bad-luck-social-media-website. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  24. Case Study: John Grimsley, Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy. Accessed August 17, 2010.
  25. Branch, John; Times, New York (January 31, 2019). "Was CTE Stealing His Mind? A Gunshot Provided the Answer". https://www.sfgate.com/sports/article/Was-CTE-Stealing-His-Mind-A-Gunshot-Provided-the-13578292.php.
  26. Schwarz, Alan (June 28, 2010). "Former Bengal Henry Found to Have Had Brain Damage". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/29/sports/football/29henry.html.
  27. Belson, Ken (September 21, 2017). "Aaron Hernandez Found to Have Severe C.T.E.". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/21/sports/aaron-hernandez-cte-brain.html?mcubz=0.
  28. http://www.startribune.com/vikings-react-to-startling-cte-study-that-included-four-ex-vikings/436861803/
  29. 29.0 29.1 "CTE has now been diagnosed in former football players from over 100 college football programs". October 18, 2016. https://concussionfoundation.org/media/press-releases/CTE-diagnosed-in-players-from-over-100-college-football-programs.
  30. "Late 49ers star Joe Perry had chronic brain-trauma disease - 49ers - The Sacramento Bee". May 14, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130514034830/http://www.sacbee.com/2011/12/09/4110875/49er-great-perrys-brain-suffered.html.
  31. [citation needed]
  32. "NFL Great John Mackey's Death Renews Focus on Brain Trauma Worries". PBS Newshour. April 17, 2011. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/sports/july-dec11/mackey_07-07.html.
  33. Ollie Matson Obituary http://www.legacy.com/ns/obituary.aspx?n=ollie-matson&pid=148772388
  34. Case Study: Thomas McHale, Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy. Accessed August 17, 2010.
  35. "Report: Former NFL QB Earl Morrall had Stage 4 CTE". Sports Illustrated. February 3, 2016. https://www.si.com/nfl/2016/02/03/earl-morrall-stage-four-cte-brain-injury-death-ken-stabler.
  36. "CTE Study: Widow Of Bears Player Recalls Ex-Athlete’s Mental Decline". July 25, 2017. https://chicago.cbslocal.com/2017/07/25/cte-study-bears-widow/.
  37. "'Mr. Falcon' Nobis had most severe form of CTE" (in en). 2019-01-29. http://www.espn.com/nfl/story/_/id/25876093.
  38. Barrows, Matthew. "Late 49ers star Joe Perry had chronic brain-trauma disease". Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130106070234/http://www.sacbee.com/2011/12/09/4110875/49er-great-perrys-brain-suffered.html.
  39. Former NFL Player Adrian Robinson's Autopsy Reveals CTE Diagnosis Tyler Conway, Bleacher Report October 14, 2015, accessed October 14, 2015
  40. "Football killed ex-USC LB Scott Ross; His family wants NFL to do more about concussions". August 15, 2015. http://www.dailynews.com/health/20150815/football-killed-ex-usc-lb-scott-ross-his-family-wants-nfl-to-do-more-about-concussions.
  41. Pennington, Bill (January 26, 2016). "Former Giants Safety Found To Have C.T.E.". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/27/sports/football/former-giants-safety-tyler-sash-found-to-have-cte.html. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  42. "Study: Junior Seau's brain shows chronic brain damage found in other NFL football players". ESPN.com. January 11, 2013. http://espn.go.com/espn/otl/story/_/id/8830344/study-junior-seau-brain-shows-chronic-brain-damage-found-other-nfl-football-players.
  43. Vinton, Nathaniel (May 23, 2016). "NFL great Bubba Smith, who played Hightower in ‘Police Academy’ movies, had stage 3 CTE". DNAiNY Daily news. http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/football/bubba-smith-played-hightower-police-academy-cte-article-1.2648039. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  44. "Raiders great Ken Stabler had Stage 3 chronic traumatic encephalopathy". http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/eye-on-football/25471516/raiders-great-ken-stabler-had-stage-3-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  45. Lazar, Kay (January 27, 2015). "Years of battering took toll on 1980s Patriots star Mosi Tatupu". The Boston Globe. https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/01/26/football-warrior-long-descent-finally-explained/0xf7bJSXnb2eLsKY0234BN/story.html.
  46. Belson, Ken. "A Football Player's Descent Into Pain and Paranoia". https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/09/27/sports/football/nfl-cte-daniel-teo-nesheim.html.
  47. 47.0 47.1 "A Player's Concussion, a Family's Ordeal". New York Times. September 15, 2012. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/30/sports/football/judge-announces-settlement-in-nfl-concussion-suit.html?_r=0. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  48. Tandan Rup (1985). "Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Part 1. Clinical features, pathology, and ethical issues in management". Annals of Neurology 18 (3): 271–280. doi:10.1002/ana.410180302.
  49. Late Steelers great Webster's case launched the CTE brain debate Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2013-05-14
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 Lehman, EJ; Hein, MJ; Baron, SL; Gersic, CM (2012). "Neurodegenerative causes of death among retired National Football League players". Neurology (American Academy of Neurology) 79 (19): 1970–4. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826daf50. PMC 4098841. PMID 22955124. http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/09/05/WNL.0b013e31826daf50.full.pdf+html. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  51. 51.0 51.1 "CDC - NIOSH Science Blog - Brain Injury in the NFL". NIOSH. http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2012/09/nfl-brain-injury/. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  52. Belcher, Mark (31 July 2015). "Former Buffalo Bills running back Curtis Brown, 60, dies". http://wivb.com/2015/07/31/former-buffalo-bills-running-back-curtis-brown-60-dies/. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  53. "Blows to the head may have defeated NFL great Gene Hickerson decades ago; how do we protect today's players from CTE?". August 11, 2017. https://mississippitoday.org/2017/08/11/blows-to-the-head-may-have-defeated-nfl-great-gene-hickerson-decades-ago-how-do-we-protect-todays-players/.
  54. Matt Crossman (2011-07-11). "John Mackey and other retired NFL players experience living hell". sportingnews.com. http://aol.sportingnews.com/nfl/story/2011-07-07/john-mackey-and-other-retired-nfl-players-experience-living-hell. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4 "Former NFL players sue league over head trauma". CNN. December 22, 2011. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/12/22/us/sport-nfl-concussion-lawsuits/. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  56. Thompson, Phil. "Mike Adamle on his CTE symptoms: 'It shook my world'". http://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/football/bears/ct-mike-adamle-tv-interview-tuesday-20170208-story.html. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 "NFL players donating their brains to science". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/nfl-players-donating-their-brains-to-science/9/. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  58. "Baltimore Ravens News — Ravens' Brigance honored for his courage". Profootball24x7.com. http://www.profootball24x7.com/column_view.php?cid=33&id=2255&view=archive. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
  59. "Lance Briggs opens up about battling symptoms he fears are CTE". www.si.com. March 14, 2017. https://www.si.com/nfl/2017/03/14/lance-briggs-cte-symptoms-chicago-bears.
  60. Bradley, Bill (2013-01-22). "Scans show CTE in living ex-players; could be breakthrough". National Football League. http://www.nflevolution.com/article/Scans-show-CTE-in-living-ex-players-could-be-breakthrough?ref=4026. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 Slothower, Jen (November 7, 2013). "Report: Tony Dorsett, Joe DeLamielleure, Leonard Marshall Diagnosed With CTE in Life in UCLA Study". NESN. http://nesn.com/2013/11/report-tony-dorsett-joe-delamielleure-leonard-marshall-diagnosed-with-cte-in-life-in-ucla-study/.
  62. Feldman, Bruce (2013-11-08). "Duper latest ex-NFL star to test positive for signs of CTE". CBS Sports. http://www.cbssports.com/collegefootball/writer/bruce-feldman/24204896/duper-latest-ex-nfl-star-to-test-positive-for-signs-of-cte. Retrieved 2013-11-08.
  63. "Brett Favre: Memory lapse 'put a little fear in me'". CNN. October 28, 2013. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/10/25/health/brett-favre-concussions/. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  64. "Charlie Garner's post-football life ruled by fear as his brain fails him". 4 April 2017. http://www.sportingnews.com/nfl/news/charlie-garner-cte-concussions-brain-disease-nfl-career-raiders-49ers-eagles-buccaneers/1rffdra72ph0k1e3fmmftqte0j. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  65. "NFL Films special on Steve Gleason to air Tuesday". http://www.nola.com/saints/index.ssf/2013/09/nfl_films_special_on_steve_gle_1.html. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  66. "NFL Films". http://www.nflfilms.com/programming.html. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  67. "Glover v NFL -- Class Action and Individual Complaint". January 18, 2012. http://profootballconcussions.com/pdf/court_documents/1-18-12_Glover_v_NFL.pdf. Retrieved November 28, 2013., page 1
  68. 68.0 68.1 "Retired NFL Players and Dementia: Brain Trauma Hits Hard After Football Career". Yahoo! Sports. December 4, 2011. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131203021528/http://sports.yahoo.com/nfl/news?slug=ycn-10597447. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  69. "Former NFL running back Larry Johnson believes he is living with CTE". http://www.espn.com/nfl/story/_/id/21752899/former-nfl-running-back-larry-johnson-believes-living-cte.
  70. Bernie Kosar happy to find treatment. Associated Press via ESPN.com. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 "John Mackey and other retired NFL players experience living hell". The Sporting News. July 7, 2011. http://www.sportingnews.com/nfl/story/2011-07-07/john-mackey-and-other-retired-nfl-players-experience-living-hell.
  72. Falcone, Nina (September 5, 2012). "Sports Illustrated features McMahon, reality of concussions". CSNChicago.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. https://archive.is/20130121184635/http://www.csnchicago.com/football-chicago-bears/bears-talk/Sports-Illustrated-features-McMahon-real?blockID=768219&feedID=10330. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  73. "Bob Meeks Stats". https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/M/MeekBo20.htm.
  74. "Matt Monger Stats". https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/M/MongMa20.htm.
  75. Staff, WKYT News. "WKYT Exclusive - Former UK coach Guy Morriss battling Alzheimer's". https://www.wkyt.com/content/news/WKYT-Exclusive-Former-UK-coach-Guy-Morriss-battling-Alzheimers-423711074.html.
  76. "Former Auburn coach getting stem cell treatments for Lou Gehrig's disease". http://www.precisionstemcell.com/ALS-Treatment.cfm.
  77. McCollough, J. Brady (January 19, 2016). "Former Steelers receiver Antwaan Randle El: 'If I could go back, I wouldn't [play football'"]. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://www.post-gazette.com/sports/steelers/2016/01/19/If-I-could-go-back-I-wouldn-t-play-football/stories/201601190177. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  78. "Former NFL player Tim Shaw has ALS and wants Roger Goodell to help him find a cure". 13 August 2015. http://ftw.usatoday.com/2015/08/former-nfl-player-tim-shaw-has-als-and-wants-roger-goodell-to-help-him-find-a-cure. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  79. Turse, Paul. "Oakland Raider Steve Smith: Commitment to Acceptance". raiderdrive.com. http://www.raiderdrive.com/commitment_to_acceptance1.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  80. Graham, Tim (November 26, 2014). "Broke and Broken". http://bills.buffalonews.com/2014/11/26/broke-and-broken/. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  81. "Effects of Head Trauma Scaring Turley". September 18, 2009. https://sports.yahoo.com/news/effects-head-trauma-scaring-turley-160400232--nfl.html. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  82. 82.00 82.01 82.02 82.03 82.04 82.05 82.06 82.07 82.08 82.09 82.10 82.11 82.12 82.13 82.14 "Myers v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/texas/txsdce/4:2012cv00582/955223. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  83. 83.000 83.001 83.002 83.003 83.004 83.005 83.006 83.007 83.008 83.009 83.010 83.011 83.012 83.013 83.014 83.015 83.016 83.017 83.018 83.019 83.020 83.021 83.022 83.023 83.024 83.025 83.026 83.027 83.028 83.029 83.030 83.031 83.032 83.033 83.034 83.035 83.036 83.037 83.038 83.039 83.040 83.041 83.042 83.043 83.044 83.045 83.046 83.047 83.048 83.049 83.050 83.051 83.052 83.053 83.054 83.055 83.056 83.057 83.058 83.059 83.060 83.061 83.062 83.063 83.064 83.065 83.066 83.067 83.068 83.069 83.070 83.071 83.072 83.073 83.074 83.075 83.076 83.077 83.078 83.079 83.080 83.081 83.082 83.083 83.084 83.085 83.086 83.087 83.088 83.089 83.090 83.091 83.092 83.093 83.094 83.095 83.096 83.097 83.098 83.099 83.100 83.101 83.102 83.103 83.104 83.105 83.106 83.107 83.108 83.109 83.110 83.111 83.112 83.113 83.114 83.115 83.116 83.117 83.118 83.119 83.120 83.121 83.122 83.123 83.124 83.125 83.126 83.127 83.128 83.129 83.130 83.131 83.132 83.133 83.134 83.135 83.136 83.137 83.138 83.139 83.140 83.141 83.142 83.143 83.144 83.145 83.146 83.147 83.148 83.149 83.150 83.151 83.152 83.153 83.154 83.155 83.156 83.157 83.158 83.159 83.160 83.161 83.162 83.163 83.164 83.165 83.166 83.167 83.168 83.169 83.170 83.171 83.172 83.173 83.174 83.175 83.176 83.177 83.178 83.179 83.180 83.181 83.182 83.183 83.184 83.185 83.186 83.187 83.188 83.189 83.190 83.191 83.192 83.193 83.194 83.195 83.196 83.197 83.198 83.199 83.200 83.201 83.202 83.203 83.204 83.205 83.206 83.207 83.208 83.209 83.210 83.211 83.212 83.213 83.214 83.215 83.216 83.217 83.218 83.219 83.220 83.221 83.222 83.223 83.224 83.225 83.226 "Boyd v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00092/456953. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  84. 84.00 84.01 84.02 84.03 84.04 84.05 84.06 84.07 84.08 84.09 84.10 84.11 84.12 84.13 84.14 84.15 84.16 84.17 84.18 84.19 84.20 84.21 84.22 84.23 84.24 84.25 84.26 84.27 84.28 84.29 84.30 84.31 84.32 84.33 84.34 84.35 84.36 84.37 84.38 84.39 84.40 84.41 84.42 84.43 84.44 84.45 84.46 84.47 84.48 84.49 84.50 84.51 84.52 84.53 84.54 84.55 84.56 84.57 84.58 84.59 84.60 84.61 84.62 84.63 84.64 84.65 84.66 84.67 84.68 "Richards v. NFL". http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv01623/460550/1/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  85. 85.00 85.01 85.02 85.03 85.04 85.05 85.06 85.07 85.08 85.09 85.10 85.11 85.12 85.13 85.14 85.15 85.16 85.17 85.18 85.19 85.20 85.21 85.22 85.23 85.24 85.25 85.26 85.27 85.28 85.29 85.30 85.31 85.32 85.33 85.34 85.35 "Pear v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/cacdce/2:2011cv08395/514413. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  86. 86.000 86.001 86.002 86.003 86.004 86.005 86.006 86.007 86.008 86.009 86.010 86.011 86.012 86.013 86.014 86.015 86.016 86.017 86.018 86.019 86.020 86.021 86.022 86.023 86.024 86.025 86.026 86.027 86.028 86.029 86.030 86.031 86.032 86.033 86.034 86.035 86.036 86.037 86.038 86.039 86.040 86.041 86.042 86.043 86.044 86.045 86.046 86.047 86.048 86.049 86.050 86.051 86.052 86.053 86.054 86.055 86.056 86.057 86.058 86.059 86.060 86.061 86.062 86.063 86.064 86.065 86.066 86.067 86.068 86.069 86.070 86.071 86.072 86.073 86.074 86.075 86.076 86.077 86.078 86.079 86.080 86.081 86.082 86.083 86.084 86.085 86.086 86.087 86.088 86.089 86.090 86.091 86.092 86.093 86.094 86.095 86.096 86.097 86.098 86.099 86.100 86.101 86.102 86.103 86.104 86.105 86.106 86.107 86.108 86.109 86.110 86.111 86.112 86.113 86.114 86.115 86.116 86.117 86.118 86.119 "Little v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02219/461691/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  87. "Adams v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00683/458316/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  88. 88.000 88.001 88.002 88.003 88.004 88.005 88.006 88.007 88.008 88.009 88.010 88.011 88.012 88.013 88.014 88.015 88.016 88.017 88.018 88.019 88.020 88.021 88.022 88.023 88.024 88.025 88.026 88.027 88.028 88.029 88.030 88.031 88.032 88.033 88.034 88.035 88.036 88.037 88.038 88.039 88.040 88.041 88.042 88.043 88.044 88.045 88.046 88.047 88.048 88.049 88.050 88.051 88.052 88.053 88.054 88.055 88.056 88.057 88.058 88.059 88.060 88.061 88.062 88.063 88.064 88.065 88.066 88.067 88.068 88.069 88.070 88.071 88.072 88.073 88.074 88.075 88.076 88.077 88.078 88.079 88.080 88.081 88.082 88.083 88.084 88.085 88.086 88.087 88.088 88.089 88.090 88.091 88.092 88.093 88.094 88.095 88.096 88.097 88.098 88.099 88.100 "Jordan v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/texas/txsdce/4:2012cv01296/970476/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  89. 89.00 89.01 89.02 89.03 89.04 89.05 89.06 89.07 89.08 89.09 89.10 89.11 89.12 89.13 89.14 89.15 89.16 89.17 89.18 89.19 89.20 89.21 89.22 89.23 89.24 89.25 89.26 89.27 89.28 89.29 89.30 89.31 89.32 89.33 89.34 89.35 89.36 89.37 89.38 89.39 89.40 89.41 89.42 89.43 89.44 89.45 89.46 89.47 89.48 89.49 89.50 89.51 89.52 89.53 89.54 89.55 89.56 89.57 89.58 89.59 89.60 89.61 89.62 89.63 89.64 89.65 89.66 89.67 89.68 89.69 89.70 89.71 89.72 89.73 89.74 89.75 89.76 89.77 "Hostetler v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02199/461631/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  90. 90.00 90.01 90.02 90.03 90.04 90.05 90.06 90.07 90.08 90.09 90.10 90.11 90.12 90.13 90.14 90.15 90.16 90.17 90.18 90.19 90.20 90.21 90.22 90.23 90.24 90.25 90.26 90.27 90.28 90.29 90.30 90.31 90.32 90.33 90.34 90.35 90.36 90.37 90.38 90.39 90.40 90.41 90.42 90.43 90.44 90.45 90.46 90.47 90.48 90.49 90.50 90.51 90.52 90.53 90.54 90.55 90.56 "Brodie v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00861/458748/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  91. 91.00 91.01 91.02 91.03 91.04 91.05 91.06 91.07 91.08 91.09 91.10 91.11 91.12 91.13 91.14 91.15 91.16 91.17 91.18 91.19 91.20 91.21 91.22 91.23 91.24 91.25 91.26 91.27 91.28 91.29 91.30 91.31 91.32 91.33 91.34 91.35 91.36 91.37 91.38 91.39 91.40 91.41 91.42 91.43 91.44 91.45 91.46 91.47 91.48 91.49 91.50 91.51 91.52 91.53 91.54 91.55 91.56 91.57 91.58 91.59 91.60 91.61 91.62 91.63 "Monk v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv03533/464422/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  92. 92.00 92.01 92.02 92.03 92.04 92.05 92.06 92.07 92.08 92.09 92.10 92.11 92.12 92.13 92.14 92.15 92.16 92.17 92.18 92.19 92.20 92.21 92.22 92.23 92.24 92.25 92.26 92.27 92.28 92.29 92.30 92.31 92.32 92.33 92.34 92.35 92.36 92.37 92.38 92.39 92.40 92.41 92.42 92.43 92.44 92.45 92.46 92.47 92.48 92.49 92.50 92.51 92.52 92.53 92.54 92.55 92.56 92.57 92.58 92.59 "Wallace v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2012cv01931/183900. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  93. 93.00 93.01 93.02 93.03 93.04 93.05 93.06 93.07 93.08 93.09 93.10 93.11 93.12 "Johnson v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00324/457472/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  94. 94.000 94.001 94.002 94.003 94.004 94.005 94.006 94.007 94.008 94.009 94.010 94.011 94.012 94.013 94.014 94.015 94.016 94.017 94.018 94.019 94.020 94.021 94.022 94.023 94.024 94.025 94.026 94.027 94.028 94.029 94.030 94.031 94.032 94.033 94.034 94.035 94.036 94.037 94.038 94.039 94.040 94.041 94.042 94.043 94.044 94.045 94.046 94.047 94.048 94.049 94.050 94.051 94.052 94.053 94.054 94.055 94.056 94.057 94.058 94.059 94.060 94.061 94.062 94.063 94.064 94.065 94.066 94.067 94.068 94.069 94.070 94.071 94.072 94.073 94.074 94.075 94.076 94.077 94.078 94.079 94.080 94.081 94.082 94.083 94.084 94.085 94.086 94.087 94.088 94.089 94.090 94.091 94.092 94.093 94.094 94.095 94.096 94.097 94.098 94.099 94.100 94.101 94.102 94.103 94.104 94.105 94.106 94.107 94.108 94.109 94.110 94.111 94.112 94.113 94.114 94.115 94.116 94.117 94.118 94.119 94.120 94.121 94.122 94.123 "Rypien v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv01496/460172. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  95. 95.0 95.1 95.2 "Alexander v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/texas/txsdce/4:2012cv00794/959438. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  96. 96.00 96.01 96.02 96.03 96.04 96.05 96.06 96.07 96.08 96.09 96.10 96.11 96.12 96.13 96.14 96.15 96.16 96.17 96.18 96.19 96.20 96.21 96.22 96.23 96.24 96.25 96.26 96.27 96.28 96.29 96.30 96.31 96.32 96.33 96.34 96.35 96.36 96.37 96.38 96.39 96.40 96.41 96.42 96.43 96.44 96.45 96.46 96.47 96.48 96.49 96.50 96.51 96.52 96.53 96.54 96.55 96.56 96.57 96.58 96.59 96.60 96.61 "Everitt v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00731/458422/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  97. 97.00 97.01 97.02 97.03 97.04 97.05 97.06 97.07 97.08 97.09 97.10 97.11 97.12 97.13 97.14 97.15 97.16 97.17 97.18 97.19 97.20 97.21 97.22 97.23 97.24 97.25 97.26 97.27 97.28 97.29 97.30 97.31 97.32 97.33 97.34 97.35 97.36 97.37 97.38 97.39 97.40 97.41 97.42 97.43 97.44 "Allen v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2013cv05439/482041. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  98. 98.00 98.01 98.02 98.03 98.04 98.05 98.06 98.07 98.08 98.09 98.10 98.11 98.12 98.13 98.14 98.15 98.16 98.17 98.18 98.19 98.20 98.21 98.22 98.23 "Hopkins v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv01239/459606/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  99. 99.00 99.01 99.02 99.03 99.04 99.05 99.06 99.07 99.08 99.09 99.10 99.11 99.12 99.13 99.14 99.15 99.16 99.17 99.18 99.19 99.20 99.21 99.22 99.23 99.24 99.25 99.26 99.27 99.28 99.29 99.30 99.31 99.32 99.33 99.34 99.35 99.36 99.37 99.38 99.39 99.40 99.41 99.42 99.43 99.44 99.45 99.46 99.47 99.48 99.49 99.50 99.51 99.52 "Akbar v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02606/462510/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  100. 100.00 100.01 100.02 100.03 100.04 100.05 100.06 100.07 100.08 100.09 100.10 100.11 100.12 100.13 100.14 100.15 100.16 100.17 100.18 100.19 100.20 100.21 100.22 100.23 100.24 100.25 100.26 100.27 100.28 100.29 100.30 100.31 100.32 100.33 100.34 100.35 100.36 100.37 100.38 100.39 100.40 100.41 100.42 100.43 100.44 100.45 100.46 100.47 100.48 100.49 100.50 "Hairston v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00989/458988. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  101. 101.000 101.001 101.002 101.003 101.004 101.005 101.006 101.007 101.008 101.009 101.010 101.011 101.012 101.013 101.014 101.015 101.016 101.017 101.018 101.019 101.020 101.021 101.022 101.023 101.024 101.025 101.026 101.027 101.028 101.029 101.030 101.031 101.032 101.033 101.034 101.035 101.036 101.037 101.038 101.039 101.040 101.041 101.042 101.043 101.044 101.045 101.046 101.047 101.048 101.049 101.050 101.051 101.052 101.053 101.054 101.055 101.056 101.057 101.058 101.059 101.060 101.061 101.062 101.063 101.064 101.065 101.066 101.067 101.068 101.069 101.070 101.071 101.072 101.073 101.074 101.075 101.076 101.077 101.078 101.079 101.080 101.081 101.082 101.083 101.084 101.085 101.086 101.087 101.088 101.089 101.090 101.091 101.092 101.093 101.094 101.095 101.096 101.097 101.098 101.099 101.100 101.101 101.102 101.103 101.104 101.105 101.106 101.107 101.108 101.109 101.110 101.111 101.112 "Anderson v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2012cv01541/183051. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  102. 102.00 102.01 102.02 102.03 102.04 102.05 102.06 102.07 102.08 102.09 102.10 102.11 102.12 102.13 102.14 102.15 102.16 102.17 102.18 102.19 102.20 102.21 102.22 102.23 102.24 102.25 102.26 102.27 102.28 102.29 102.30 102.31 102.32 102.33 102.34 102.35 102.36 102.37 102.38 102.39 102.40 102.41 102.42 102.43 102.44 102.45 102.46 102.47 102.48 102.49 102.50 102.51 102.52 102.53 102.54 102.55 102.56 102.57 102.58 102.59 102.60 102.61 102.62 102.63 102.64 102.65 102.66 "Henderson v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/cacdce/2:2012cv04761/533707/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  103. 103.00 103.01 103.02 103.03 103.04 103.05 103.06 103.07 103.08 103.09 103.10 103.11 103.12 103.13 103.14 103.15 103.16 103.17 103.18 103.19 103.20 103.21 103.22 103.23 103.24 103.25 103.26 103.27 103.28 103.29 103.30 103.31 103.32 103.33 103.34 103.35 103.36 103.37 103.38 103.39 103.40 103.41 103.42 103.43 103.44 103.45 103.46 103.47 103.48 103.49 103.50 103.51 103.52 103.53 103.54 103.55 103.56 103.57 103.58 103.59 103.60 103.61 103.62 103.63 103.64 103.65 103.66 103.67 103.68 103.69 103.70 103.71 103.72 103.73 103.74 "Maxwell v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/cacdce/2:2011cv08394/514383. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  104. 104.00 104.01 104.02 104.03 104.04 104.05 104.06 104.07 104.08 104.09 104.10 104.11 104.12 104.13 104.14 104.15 104.16 104.17 104.18 104.19 104.20 104.21 104.22 104.23 104.24 104.25 "Culpepper v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/none/jpml/PAE/2:12-cv-024/804412/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  105. 105.00 105.01 105.02 105.03 105.04 105.05 105.06 105.07 105.08 105.09 105.10 105.11 105.12 105.13 105.14 105.15 105.16 105.17 105.18 105.19 105.20 105.21 105.22 105.23 105.24 105.25 105.26 105.27 105.28 105.29 105.30 105.31 105.32 105.33 105.34 105.35 105.36 105.37 105.38 105.39 105.40 105.41 105.42 105.43 105.44 105.45 105.46 105.47 105.48 105.49 105.50 105.51 105.52 105.53 105.54 105.55 105.56 105.57 105.58 105.59 105.60 105.61 105.62 105.63 105.64 105.65 105.66 "Kuechenberg v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv03535/464424. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  106. 106.0 106.1 106.2 106.3 106.4 "Barnett v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/minnesota/mndce/0:2011cv01782/120893/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  107. 107.00 107.01 107.02 107.03 107.04 107.05 107.06 107.07 107.08 107.09 107.10 107.11 107.12 107.13 107.14 107.15 107.16 107.17 107.18 107.19 107.20 107.21 107.22 107.23 107.24 107.25 107.26 107.27 107.28 107.29 107.30 107.31 107.32 107.33 107.34 107.35 107.36 107.37 107.38 107.39 107.40 107.41 107.42 107.43 107.44 107.45 107.46 107.47 107.48 107.49 107.50 107.51 107.52 107.53 107.54 107.55 107.56 107.57 107.58 107.59 107.60 107.61 107.62 "Pugh v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/multi-district/jpml/PAE/2:12-cv-01165/801136. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  108. 108.00 108.01 108.02 108.03 108.04 108.05 108.06 108.07 108.08 108.09 108.10 108.11 108.12 108.13 108.14 108.15 108.16 108.17 108.18 108.19 108.20 108.21 108.22 108.23 108.24 108.25 108.26 108.27 "Austin v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv04381/466097. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  109. 109.00 109.01 109.02 109.03 109.04 109.05 109.06 109.07 109.08 109.09 109.10 109.11 109.12 109.13 109.14 109.15 109.16 109.17 109.18 109.19 109.20 109.21 109.22 109.23 109.24 109.25 109.26 109.27 109.28 109.29 109.30 109.31 109.32 109.33 109.34 109.35 109.36 109.37 109.38 109.39 109.40 109.41 "Hager v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00601/458108/.
  110. 110.00 110.01 110.02 110.03 110.04 110.05 110.06 110.07 110.08 110.09 110.10 "Hughes v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/louisiana/laedce/2:2012cv00459/149500. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  111. 111.00 111.01 111.02 111.03 111.04 111.05 111.06 111.07 111.08 111.09 111.10 111.11 "Jackson v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/louisiana/laedce/2:2012cv01034/150306. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  112. 112.00 112.01 112.02 112.03 112.04 112.05 112.06 112.07 112.08 112.09 112.10 112.11 112.12 112.13 112.14 112.15 112.16 112.17 112.18 112.19 112.20 112.21 112.22 112.23 112.24 112.25 112.26 112.27 112.28 112.29 112.30 112.31 112.32 112.33 112.34 112.35 112.36 112.37 112.38 112.39 112.40 112.41 112.42 112.43 112.44 112.45 112.46 112.47 112.48 112.49 112.50 112.51 112.52 112.53 112.54 112.55 112.56 112.57 112.58 112.59 112.60 112.61 112.62 112.63 112.64 112.65 112.66 112.67 112.68 112.69 112.70 112.71 112.72 112.73 112.74 112.75 112.76 112.77 112.78 112.79 112.80 112.81 112.82 112.83 112.84 112.85 112.86 112.87 112.88 112.89 112.90 112.91 112.92 112.93 112.94 112.95 112.96 112.97 112.98 "Jones v. NFL". http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/florida/flsdce/1:2011cv24594/392217/1/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  113. 113.0 113.1 113.2 "Jacobs v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv09345/389548/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  114. 114.00 114.01 114.02 114.03 114.04 114.05 114.06 114.07 114.08 114.09 114.10 114.11 114.12 114.13 114.14 114.15 "Barnes v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2013cv03550/478588/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  115. 115.00 115.01 115.02 115.03 115.04 115.05 115.06 115.07 115.08 115.09 115.10 115.11 115.12 115.13 115.14 115.15 115.16 115.17 115.18 115.19 115.20 115.21 115.22 115.23 115.24 115.25 115.26 115.27 "Chmura v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02108/461545. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  116. 116.00 116.01 116.02 116.03 116.04 116.05 116.06 116.07 116.08 116.09 116.10 "Finn v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/new-jersey/njdce/2:2011cv07067/267683. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  117. 117.0 117.1 117.2 "Haddix v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv03532/464418/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  118. 118.0 118.1 118.2 118.3 "Guyton v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2012cv01739/183420. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  119. 119.0 119.1 119.2 119.3 119.4 119.5 119.6 "Solt v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00262/457337. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  120. 120.0 120.1 120.2 120.3 120.4 120.5 120.6 120.7 "Lelie v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00600/458115/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  121. 121.0 121.1 121.2 121.3 "Edwards v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2012cv02088/184352. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  122. "Dronett v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2012cv00076/180589. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  123. "Duranko v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00702/458355/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  124. 124.0 124.1 124.2 124.3 124.4 124.5 124.6 "Easterling v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2011cv05209/435351. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  125. 125.0 125.1 125.2 "LeMaster v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02464/462195. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  126. 126.0 126.1 "Wooden v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/florida/flsdce/1:2012cv20269/393520/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  127. "Glover v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00287/457401. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  128. "Hannah v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02489/462234/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  129. 129.0 129.1 "Henesey v. NFL".
  130. "Kerry Justin v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02100/461470/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  131. 131.0 131.1 "Stewart v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2011cv04449/180225/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  132. "Koch v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02104/461514/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  133. "Krieg v. NFL".
  134. "Kuykendall v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2011cv04450/180234/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  135. "Landry v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv01643/460555/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  136. "Levens v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/georgia/gandce/1:2011cv04448/180224/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  137. "Lewis v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2013cv06160/483333. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  138. "McDonald v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv02728/462809. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  139. 139.0 139.1 139.2 139.3 "Rucker v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv09538/389807/.
  140. Nixon v. NFL http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv03352/464004
  141. 141.0 141.1 141.2 "Parker v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/pennsylvania/paedce/2:2012cv00868/458761/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  142. "Player v. NFL".
  143. "Rademacher v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/cacdce/2:2012cv05012/534368. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  144. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/early-lead/wp/2014/09/23/former-saints-player-who-was-part-of-nfl-concussion-lawsuit-found-dead-in-louisiana/
  145. "Schobel v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/candce/3:2012cv06415/261767. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  146. "Steed v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/california/cacdce/2:2012cv00524/522215/. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  147. "Taylor v. NFL". http://dockets.justia.com/docket/missouri/mowdce/4:2013cv00200/108252. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.