The Minnesota Vikings are a professional American football team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Vikings are members of the North Division of the National Football Conference in the National Football League (NFL). The club was founded by Minneapolis businessmen Bill Boyer, H. P. Skoglund and Max Winter in 1959 as a member of the American Football League. However, they forfeited their membership in January 1960 and became the National Football League's 14th franchise in 1961.
There have been eight head coaches in the history of the franchise, beginning with Norm Van Brocklin, who was head coach for six seasons between 1961 and 1967. Van Brocklin's successor, Bud Grant, is the only coach to have had more than one tenure with the franchise, and also the only one to have won an NFL championship with the team, at the 1969 NFL Championship Game. Grant is the all-time leader in games coached (243), wins (151), and winning percentage (.622). Les Steckel has the worst winning percentage of the franchise's seven head coaches (.188), with just three wins in his only season in charge. Two Vikings coaches have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame: Grant and Van Brocklin, although Van Brocklin was elected for his playing career. Mike Tice is the only former Vikings player to have become a head coach for the franchise. The current coach is former defensive coordinator Leslie Frazier, who took over as interim head coach from Brad Childress after the latter was fired on November 22, 2010. Frazier was named head coach on January 3, 2011.
Following the Minnesota Vikings' admission to the National Football League, there were ultimately two candidates for the position of head coach: Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Norm Van Brocklin and Winnipeg Blue Bombers head coach Bud Grant. Van Brocklin was favored by three of the Vikings' five board members, and after discussions with the franchise management on January 18, Van Brocklin signed an initial three-year contract and was appointed as head coach on January 18, 1961. In Van Brocklin's first season in charge of the Vikings, the team won just three of their 14 games, a record that got worse before it got better. The team had a record of 2–11–1 in Van Brocklin's second season as head coach, but improved to 8–5–1 in the 1964 season. However, this was not enough to reach the NFL Championship Game as the team finished in second place in the West Division.
By Van Brocklin's final season at the helm, his relationship with starting quarterback Fran Tarkenton had deteriorated to the point that the two could no longer work together. This resulted in Van Brocklin's resignation on February 11, 1967, shortly followed by Tarkenton being traded to the New York Giants. In the search for Van Brocklin's replacement, Vikings founder Max Winter and general manager Jim Finks re-approached Bud Grant, who joined the Minnesota side on March 10, 1967 after 10 seasons coaching the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. With a record of 8–6, the Vikings finished top of their division in Grant's second season in charge, reaching the playoffs for the first time in franchise history. However, they lost out to the Baltimore Colts 24–14 in their Conference Championship Game. The following year, they went two better by beating the Los Angeles Rams and the Cleveland Browns to claim the NFL Championship, before losing out to the Kansas City Chiefs 23–7 in Super Bowl IV. Nine more divisional championships followed in the next 11 seasons, including NFC Championships in 1973, 1974 and 1976, making Grant the first head coach to lead teams to four Super Bowls, despite never winning one.
Grant retired as head coach after the 1983 season, and was replaced by receivers coach Les Steckel in January 1984. However, under Steckel, the team had their worst season to date, only managing to win three of their 16 games in 1984. After Steckel was fired, Grant was coaxed out of retirement to replace him for the 1985 season. After Grant's second retirement, Vikings assistant coach Jerry Burns was named as his successor. Burns' tenure as head coach lasted for six seasons, including three playoff appearances, one of which resulted in a loss to the Washington Redskins in the 1987 NFC Championship Game.
Burns retired from coaching at the end of the 1991 season, and the Vikings turned to Stanford Cardinal head coach Dennis Green as his successor, making Green the first African-American head coach in franchise history. In the first nine years of Green's tenure with the Vikings, the closest he came to a losing record was an 8–8 record in 1995, the only season in which his team missed the playoffs. Three years later, Green's team played out the best season in franchise history, losing only to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on the way to a 15–1 record. The team received a bye to the Divisional Playoffs, in which they beat the Arizona Cardinals to set up a Conference Championship Game against the Atlanta Falcons. With six minutes left in the fourth quarter and the Vikings in the lead at 27–20, they drove down the field to set up a 38-yard field goal for kicker Gary Anderson, who had not missed a single kick all season. A successful kick would have given the Vikings a two-score lead with just over two minutes left to play, but Anderson hooked his kick wide left, allowing the Falcons to take the ball back downfield for a game-tying touchdown. They followed this with a field goal in overtime, denying the Vikings a fifth Super Bowl appearance.
Green's 10th season at the Vikings helm turned out to be his final year in Minnesota; with a 5–10 record with one game remaining in the 2001 season, the Vikings management bought out the final two years of Green's contract and promoted offensive line coach and former tight end Mike Tice to the top job for the final game of the season. Tice remained in the job for a further four seasons, but only reached the playoffs once, losing out to the Philadelphia Eagles in the Divisional Playoffs of the 2004 season. Tice's contract was allowed to expire at the end of the 2005 season, and he was quickly replaced by the Philadelphia Eagles' offensive coordinator Brad Childress. Since Childress' first season in charge, the Vikings regular season record has improved by two wins a season from 6–10 in 2006 to 12–4 in 2009. They reached the playoffs as NFC North champions twice in two consecutive years in 2008 and 2009; they lost out to Childress' former team, the Philadelphia Eagles, in the 2008 NFC Wildcard game, but beat the Dallas Cowboys in the 2009 Divisional game to reach their first NFC Championship Game since 2001. However, they lost to the New Orleans Saints and missed out on the Super Bowl. The following season, the Vikings picked up just three wins in their first 10 games; after the seventh defeat of the season, Childress was fired and defensive coordinator Leslie Frazier took over as interim head coach. Frazier was named head coach on a permanent basis on January 3, 2011.
|#||Number of coaches|
|W||Number of wins|
|L||Number of losses|
|T||Number of ties|
|*||Elected into the Pro Football Hall of Fame as a coach|
|†||Spent entire NFL head coaching career with the Vikings|
Note: Statistics accurate as of the end of the 2010 season.
|#||Name||Term||Regular season||Post season||Achievements||Ref(s)|
|1||Norm Van Brocklin||1961–1966||84||29||51||4||.363||–||–||–||–|||
|2||Bud Grant*†[a]||1967–1983||243||151||87||5||.635||22||10||12||.455||AP Coach of the Year (1969)|
Pro Football Weekly Coach of the Year (1969)
Sporting News Coach of the Year (1969)
UPI NFL Coach of the Year (1969)
NFL Championship (1969)
3 NFC Championships (1973, 1974, 1976)
|5||Dennis Green[b]||1992–2001||159||97||62||0||.610||12||4||8||.333||UPI NFC Coach of the Year (1992)|||
- a Grant's full coaching record with the Vikings is 259 regular season games coached with a record of 158–96–5 and a winning percentage of .622. He is also 10–12 (.455) in 22 playoff games.
- b With a losing record (5–10) for the first time in ten seasons with the franchise, the Vikings bought out the last two years of Dennis Green's contract with a game remaining in the 2001 season. Assistant coach Mike Tice took over for the final game of the season. Tice was named head coach on a permanent basis on January 10, 2002.
- c After 10 games of the 2010 season, with the Vikings at 3–7, Childress was fired as head coach and replaced by assistant head coach Leslie Frazier for the remaining six games. Frazier was named head coach on a permanent basis on January 3, 2011.
- ↑ "Vikings - Team History". Pro Football Hall of Fame. http://www.profootballhof.com/history/team.aspx?franchise_id=18. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Minnesota Vikings Team Encyclopedia". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/min/. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Norm Van Brocklin". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/VanBNo0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Bud Grant". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/GranBu0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Minnesota Vikings Championship History". NFLTeamHistory.com. http://www.nflteamhistory.com/nfl_teams/minnesota_vikings/championship_history.html. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Les Steckel". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/StecLe0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Hall of Famers by Franchise". Pro Football Hall of Fame. http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/teams.aspx. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Mike Tice". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/TiceMi0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Childress fired by Vikings; Frazier named interim head coach". NFL.com. National Football League. November 22, 2010. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/09000d5d81c535bf/article/childress-fired-by-vikings-frazier-named-interim-head-coach. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- ↑ "Van Brocklin or Grant? Minnesota Owners Divided Over Choice of Head Coach". Eugene Register-Guard (Guard Publishing Co.). January 18, 1961. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=9nURAAAAIBAJ&sjid=0-IDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2912,2692381. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Norm Van Brocklin Begins Career as Vikings Coach". The Free Lance-Star (Free Lance-Star Publishing Company). January 19, 1961. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=A_dNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=IYsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5030,1044425. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- ↑ "1964 Minnesota Vikings Statistics & Players". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/min/1964.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Van Cites Tarkenton Tiff". The Spokesman-Review (Cowles Publishing Company). February 13, 1967. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=zigRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=vugDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7448,4200686. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Tarkenton Traded to New York Club". Spokane Daily Chronicle. March 7, 1967. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=oKoSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=xfcDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6838,1843290. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Grant takes over Minnesota reins". The Bulletin (Western Communications). March 13, 1967. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=CJUSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=3_YDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5455,1872511. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "1968 NFL Standings, Team & Offensive Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1968/. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "1969 NFL Standings, Team & Offensive Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1969/. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Steckel named Vikings' coach". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Block Communications). January 30, 1984. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=NE8NAAAAIBAJ&sjid=720DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6381,5726782. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Vikings turn to familiar face, restore Bud Grant as coach". St. Petersburg Times (Times Publishing Company). December 19, 1984. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=7hEOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=0XwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3076,4179402. Retrieved November 27, 2009.[dead link]
- ↑ "Grant retires again". Pittsburg Post-Gazette (Block Communications). January 7, 1986. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=FlQNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Qm4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4702,1357594. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "Jerry Burns". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/BurnJe0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Minnesota Vikings at Washington Redskins - January 17th, 1988". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/198801170was.htm. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ "SPORTS PEOPLE: PRO FOOTBALL; Vikings Confirm Report That Burns Will Retire". New York Times (The New York Times Company). December 5, 1991. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/12/05/sports/sports-people-pro-football-vikings-confirm-report-that-burns-will-retire.html. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ "FOOTBALL; N.F.L. Gets 2d Black Head Coach". New York Times (The New York Times Company). January 11, 1992. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/01/11/sports/football-nfl-gets-2d-black-head-coach.html. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 "Dennis Green". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/GreeDe0.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 "1998 Minnesota Vikings Statistics & Players". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/min/1998.htm. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ "Atlanta Falcons at Minnesota Vikings - January 17th, 1999". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/199901170min.htm. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ "Green, Vikings agree to buyout". ESPN.com (ESPN). January 5, 2002. http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/news/story?id=1305597. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ↑ "Vikings name Childress their new coach". USATODAY.com (USA TODAY). January 6, 2006. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/nfl/vikings/2006-01-06-childress-coach_x.htm. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 "Brad Childress". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/ChilBr0.htm. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 "NFL Coach of the Year Award". HickokSports.com. Ralph Hickok. http://www.hickoksports.com/history/nflcoy.shtml. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Leslie Frazier". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. http://www.pro-football-reference.com/coaches/FrazLe0.htm. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- ↑ "Green out as Vikings' head coach". CNNSI.com (CNN/Sports Illustrated). January 4, 2002. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/football/news/2002/01/04/green_vikings/. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Vikings Name Leslie Frazier Eighth Head Coach In Team History". vikings.com (Minnesota Vikings Football). January 3, 2011. http://www.vikings.com/news/article-1/Vikings-Name-Leslie-Frazier-Eighth-Head-Coach-In-Team-History/72e0fd9d-9e05-44ba-8f5e-6dcfafa79371. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
|Head coaches of the National Football League by team|
|American Football Conference|
|AFC East||AFC North||AFC South||AFC West|
|National Football Conference|
|NFC East||NFC North||NFC South||NFC West|