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Template:Infobox sports award

The Heisman Trophy, is the highest individual award in American college football, has been awarded 81 times since its creation in 1935, including 79 unique winners and one two-time winner. The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the PlayStation Theater in Times Square, Manhattan.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible; the first player from the western United States was selected in 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award twice.[4]

On June 10, 2010, following several years of investigation, the NCAA announced that USC running back Reggie Bush, the 2005 Heisman trophy winner, received gifts from agents while still in college. The university received major sanctions,[5][6] and there were reports that the Heisman Trophy Trust would strip his award.[7] In September of that year, Bush voluntarily forfeited his title as the 2005 winner. The Heisman Trust decided to leave the award vacated with no new winner to be announced.[8]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[9] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[10][11] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the venue now known as PlayStation Theater, also in Times Square.[12] The move to the PlayStation Theater allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[13]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions (Far West, Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, South West), and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states.[14] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[15]

KeyEdit

* 1st overall draft pick in the NFL Draft
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
First overall draft pick and inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

List of Heisman Trophy winners Edit

Heisman Winners
Year Image Name School Position Points  % of Points Possible[16] Class
1935 Jay Berwanger* Chicago HB 84 43.08% Senior
1936 Kelley, LarryLarry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41% Senior
1937 Frank, ClintClint Frank Yale HB 524 32.89% Senior
1938 O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'Brien TCU QB 519 29.62% Senior
1939 125px Kinnick, NileNile Kinnick Iowa HB/QB 651 31.00% Senior
1940 125px Harmon, TomTom Harmon* Michigan HB 1,303 54.29% Senior
1941 Smith, BruceBruce Smith Minnesota HB 554 49.99% Senior
1942 125px Sinkwich, FrankFrank Sinkwich* Georgia HB 1,059 56.15% Senior
1943 Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli* Notre Dame QB 648 64.80% Senior
1944 Horvath, LesLes Horvath Ohio State HB/QB 412 18.31% Senior
1945 A picture of Doc Blanchard posing. Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Army FB 860 33.81% Junior
1946 A picture of Glenn Davis posing. Davis, GlennGlenn Davis Army HB 792 79.20% Senior
1947 A picture of John Lujack Lujack, JohnnyJohnny Lujack Notre Dame QB 742 74.20% Senior
1948 125px Walker, DoakDoak Walker SMU HB 778 28.56% Junior
1949 Hart, LeonLeon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53% Senior
1950 Janowicz, VicVic Janowicz Ohio State HB/P 633 22.03% Junior
1951 125px Kazmaier, DickDick Kazmaier Princeton HB 1,777 60.01% Senior
1952 Vessels, BillyBilly Vessels Oklahoma HB 525 14.32% Senior
1953 125px Lattner, JohnnyJohnny Lattner Notre Dame HB 1,850 49.14% Senior
1954 Ameche, AlanAlan Ameche Wisconsin FB 1,068 27.01% Senior
1955 125px Cassady, HowardHoward Cassady Ohio State HB 2,219 55.87% Senior
1956 125px Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung Notre Dame QB 1,066 26.96% Senior
1957 125px Crow, John DavidJohn David Crow Texas A&M HB 1,183 31.12% Senior
1958 125px Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins Army HB 1,394 39.01% Senior
1959 125px Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon* LSU QB 1,929 53.72% Senior
1960
Bellino, JoeJoe Bellino Navy HB 1,793 52.89% Senior
1961 125px Davis, ErnieErnie Davis* Syracuse HB/LB/FB 824 25.18% Senior
1962
Baker, TerryTerry Baker* Oregon State QB 707 21.25% Senior
1963 125px Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach Navy QB 1,860 55.21% Junior
1964
Huarte, JohnJohn Huarte Notre Dame QB 1,026 30.98% Senior
1965 125px Garrett, MikeMike Garrett USC HB 926 26.61% Senior
1966 A picture of Steve Spurrier while coaching. Spurrier, SteveSteve Spurrier Florida QB 1,679 48.25% Senior
1967
Beban, GaryGary Beban UCLA QB 1,968 63.50% Senior
1968 A picture of O.J. Simpson posing. Simpson, O. J.O. J. Simpson USC HB 2,853 80.64% Senior
1969
Owens, SteveSteve Owens Oklahoma FB 1,488 40.92% Senior
1970 125px Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett* Stanford QB 2,229 58.78% Senior
1971
Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan Auburn QB 1,597 42.25% Senior
1972
Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny Rodgers Nebraska WR/RB 1,310 38.75% Senior
1973
Cappelletti, JohnJohn Cappelletti Penn State RB 1,057 32.78% Senior
1974 125px Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State RB 1,920 59.53% Junior
1975 1,800 57.64% Senior
1976 125px Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett Pittsburgh RB 2,357 74.97% Senior
1977 125px Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell Texas RB 1,547 49.11% Senior
1978 125px Sims, BillyBilly Sims* Oklahoma RB 827 26.25% Junior
1979
White, CharlesCharles White USC RB 1,695 53.81% Senior
1980
Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers* South Carolina RB 1,128 35.81% Senior
1981 125px Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen USC RB 1,797 57.05% Senior
1982 125px Walker, HerschelHerschel Walker Georgia RB 1,926 61.14% Junior
1983 125px Rozier, MikeMike Rozier Nebraska RB 1,801 57.17% Senior
1984 A picture of Doug Flutie posing. Flutie, DougDoug Flutie Boston College QB 2,240 71.11% Senior
1985 125px Jackson, BoBo Jackson* Auburn RB 1,509 47.90% Senior
1986 A picture of Vinny Testaverde while throwing a football. Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde* Miami QB 2,213 70.25% Senior
1987 125px Brown, TimTim Brown Notre Dame WR 1,442 45.78% Senior
1988 125px Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders Oklahoma State RB 1,878 68.27% Junior
1989 125px Ware, AndreAndre Ware Houston QB 1,073 38.96% Junior
1990 125px Detmer, TyTy Detmer BYU QB 1,482 53.87% Junior
1991 125px Howard, DesmondDesmond Howard Michigan WR/PR 2,077 75.50% Junior
1992 125px Torretta, GinoGino Torretta Miami QB 1,400 50.84% Senior
1993 125px Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Florida State QB 2,310 83.79% Senior
1994 Salaam, RashaanRashaan Salaam Colorado RB 1,743 63.15% Junior
1995 125px George, EddieEddie George Ohio State RB 1,460 52.84% Senior
1996 125px Wuerffel, DannyDanny Wuerffel Florida QB 1,363 49.38% Senior
1997 125px Woodson, CharlesCharles Woodson Michigan CB/PR 1,815 65.69% Junior
1998 125px Williams, RickyRicky Williams Texas RB 2,355 85.23% Senior
1999 125px Dayne, RonRon Dayne Wisconsin RB 2,042 73.83% Senior
2000 125px Weinke, ChrisChris Weinke Florida State QB 1,628 58.86% Senior
2001
Crouch, EricEric Crouch Nebraska QB 770 27.75% Senior
2002 125px Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer* USC QB 1,328 48.01% Senior
2003 125px White, JasonJason White Oklahoma QB 1,481 53.54% Senior
2004 A picture of Matt Leinart holding his Heisman trophy. Leinart, MattMatt Leinart USC QB 1,325 47.85% Junior
2005
(vacated)
Reggie Bush USC RB 2,541 91.77% Junior
2006 A picture of Troy Smith throwing a pass. Smith, TroyTroy Smith Ohio State QB 2,540 91.63% Senior
2007 125px Tebow, TimTim Tebow Florida QB 1,957 70.52% Sophomore
2008 Sam Bradford during the 2008 NCAA season. Bradford, SamSam Bradford* Oklahoma QB 1,726 62.13% Sophomore
2009 125px Ingram Jr., MarkMark Ingram Jr. Alabama RB 1,304 46.99% Sophomore
2010 125px Newton, CamCam Newton* Auburn QB 2,263 81.55% Junior
2011 A picture of Robert Griffin posing. Griffin III, RobertRobert Griffin III Baylor QB 1,687 60.66% Junior
2012 125px Manziel, JohnnyJohnny Manziel Texas A&M QB 2,029 72.88% Freshman
2013 125px Winston, JameisJameis Winston* Florida State QB 2,205 79.12% Freshman
2014 125px Mariota, MarcusMarcus Mariota Oregon QB 2,534 90.92% Junior
2015 125px Henry, DerrickDerrick Henry Alabama RB 1,832 65.73% Junior
2016 File:Lamar jackson ravens camp 2018 (cropped).jpg Jackson, LamarLamar Jackson Louisville QB 2,144 79.50% Sophomore
2017 125px Mayfield, BakerBaker Mayfield* Oklahoma QB 2,398 86.00% Senior
2018 Murray, KylerKyler Murray* Oklahoma QB 2,167 77.75% Junior

Trophies won by school Edit

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State, Oklahoma, and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each (USC's 2005 award having been voluntarily forfeited). Ohio State has the distinction of the only two-time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 40 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy, while 18 schools have more than one trophy.

School Trophies
held
Notre Dame 7
Ohio State 7
Oklahoma 7
USC 6
Army 3
Auburn 3
Florida 3
Florida State 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Alabama 2
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Texas A&M 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Baylor 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
Louisville 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy) Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008. (Site defunct prior to 9/10) Script error
  2. Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914–2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. "The Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03. https://web.archive.org/web/20120103181703/http://www.heisman.com/history/heisman_trophy.php. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  4. Archie Griffin Script error Heisman.com. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  5. USC punished with two-year football posteason ban. ESPN, 2010-06-11.
  6. "NCAA infraction report" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. https://web.archive.org/web/20101205163308/http://assets.espn.go.com/preview/100610/espn_uscpenalties.pdf. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
  7. "news: Heisman Trust leader denies decision to revoke Bush's trophy". NFL. September 7, 2010. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/09000d5d81a536d9/article/heisman-trust-leader-denies-decision-to-revoke-bushs-trophy. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
  8. "Reggie Bush's Heisman to stay vacated". ESPN. September 16, 2010. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. http://sports.espn.go.com/los-angeles/ncf/news/story?id=5576729.
  9. New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed December 14, 2018.
  11. Heisman Trophy Dinner Becomes Feast for the Public The Washington Post. November 7, 2003. Accessed December 14, 2018.
  12. "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. http://www.nyc-architecture.com/LM/LM063.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  13. Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  14. Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  15. "Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Archived from the original on 2012-08-16. https://www.webcitation.org/69yAy4nuI?url=http://www.heisman.com/history/balloting.php. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  16. Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. http://www.stiffarmtrophy.com/2011/12/08/plea-sportswriters-statistical-accuracy/. Retrieved 19 December 2011.

External linksEdit

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