The Alabama Crimson Tide football team competes as part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), representing the University of Alabama in the Western Division of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). Since the establishment of the team in 1892, Alabama has appeared in 60 bowl games. Included in these games are 31 combined appearances in the traditional "big four" bowl games (the Rose, Sugar, Cotton, and Orange) and 5 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) game appearances, including three victories in the BCS National Championship Game.
Alabama's first bowl game was in 1926, when Wallace Wade led them to the first of three Rose Bowls during his tenure and defeated Washington 20–19. Taking over for Wade following the 1930 season, between 1931 and 1946 Frank Thomas led Alabama to six bowl appearances including three Rose, and one trip each to the Cotton, Orange and Sugar Bowls. After Thomas, Harold Drew led Alabama to the Sugar, Orange and Cotton Bowls between 1947 and 1954. After a five-year bowl absence, Alabama made the first of 24 consecutive bowl appearances under Paul "Bear" Bryant in the 1959 Liberty Bowl. From 1959 to 1982, Bryant led the Crimson Tide to eight Sugar, five Orange, four Cotton, four Liberty, two Bluebonnet and one Gator Bowls.
After Bryant retired, Ray Perkins extended Alabama's consecutive bowl game streak to 25 years with a victory in the 1983 Sun Bowl. However, the streak ended when the 1984 team finished the season with a record of five wins and six losses and failed to qualify for a bowl for the first time in 26 years. The bowl absence lasted only one season as Perkins led the Crimson Tide to wins in both the Aloha and Sun Bowls before he resigned as head coach following the 1986 season. Bill Curry continued the bowl tradition and led the Crimson Tide to Hall of Fame, Sun and Sugar Bowl appearances in his three seasons as head coach. After Curry, Gene Stallings took Alabama to the Fiesta, Blockbuster, Gator, Citrus and Outback Bowls. Stallings also led the Crimson Tide to victory in the first Bowl Coalition national championship game with a 34–13 victory over Miami in the Sugar Bowl. In August 1995, as part of the penalty imposed by the NCAA for rules violations, Alabama was ruled ineligible to participate in the 1995 bowl season.
Following the retirement of Stallings, Mike DuBose was hired as head coach. After failing to qualify for a bowl game in 1997, DuBose led the Crimson Tide to the inaugural Music City Bowl and Alabama's first BCS bowl berth in the Orange Bowl. After again failing to qualify for a bowl in 2000, DuBose was fired and Dennis Franchione was hired as head coach. In his first season, Franchione led Alabama to the Independence Bowl. In February 2002, the NCAA found Alabama violated multiple rules, and as part of its penalty a two-year bowl ban was imposed to include both the 2002 and 2003 seasons. Eligible again to compete in bowl games, Mike Shula led Alabama to the Music City Bowl and a victory in the Cotton Bowl. However in 2009, Alabama was again found to have violated NCAA rules between 2005 and 2007 and as part of their penalty, the 2006 Cotton Bowl Classic victory was officially vacated. In the week following the 2006 loss to Auburn, Shula was fired and Joe Kines served as interim head coach for the Independence Bowl loss.
In January 2007, Nick Saban was hired as head coach, and has led the Crimson Tide to bowl appearances in each of his five seasons at Alabama. After defeating Colorado in the Independence Bowl, Saban led Alabama to their second BCS bowl against Utah in the Sugar Bowl. In 2009, Saban led the Crimson Tide to the BCS National Championship Game, and defeated Texas 37–21 to clinch the program's first national title of the BCS era. A year after Alabama defeated Michigan State in the 2011 Capital One Bowl, the Crimson Tide defeated LSU in the BCS National Championship Game to clinch the program's second national title of the BCS era. The following season, the Crimson Tide won their second consecutive BCS National Championship Game by a final score of 42–14 over Notre Dame. A win in that game brought Alabama's overall bowl record to 34 wins, 22 losses and 3 ties, placing the Crimson Tide in first place among all FBS schools for both bowl appearances and victories.
- ↑ Statistics correct as of 2012–13 NCAA football bowl games.
- ↑ Results are sortable first by whether the result was an Alabama win, loss or tie and then second by the margin of victory.
- ↑ Links to the season article for the Alabama team that competed in the bowl for that year.
- ↑ Links to the season article for the opponent that Alabama competed against in the bowl for that year when available or to their general page when unavailable.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Originally called Memphis Memorial Stadium, in 1976 it was renamed Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 The Outback Bowl was previously known as the Hall of Fame Bowl (1986–1995).
- ↑ The Champs Sports Bowl was at the time known as the Blockbuster Bowl (1990–1993).
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 The Capital One Bowl has been known as: the Tangerine Bowl (1947–1982), Florida Citrus Bowl (1983–1993), CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl (1994–1999), OurHouse.com Florida Citrus Bowl (2000), Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl (2001–2002), Capital One Bowl (since 2003).
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Originally called Joe Robbie Stadium, in 1996 it was renamed Pro Player Stadium after naming rights were sold, and it retained the Pro Player moniker through the 2005 season. Today it is known as Sun Life Stadium.
- ↑ In March 2009, the NCAA ruled that Alabama must vacate its 2006 Cotton Bowl Classic victory due to sanctions stemming from textbook-related infractions discovered during the 2007 season. After an unsuccessful appeal to the NCAA Division I Infractions Appeals Committee, the 2006 Cotton Bowl Classic victory was officially vacated. As the penalty to vacate the victory did not result in a loss (or forfeiture) of the contest or award a victory to the opponent, Texas Tech still counts the game as a loss in its overall records.
- ↑ Mike Shula coached the entire 2006 regular season with Joe Kines serving as the interim head coach for the bowl game.
- ↑ On October 3, 2011, it was announced that Mercedes-Benz purchased naming rights to the Superdome effective October 23, 2011. From 1976 through 2011 the facility was called the Louisiana Superdome.
- National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). "Bowl/All-Star Game Records" (PDF). 2011 NCAA Division I Football Records. NCAA.org. http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/football_records/2011/Bowls.pdf. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- UA Athletics Media Relations Office. "Bowl Bound" (PDF). 2010 Alabama Football Media Guide. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/alab/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/history-bowlrecords.pdf. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Bowl/All-Star Game Records, p. 14
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Bowl Bound, p. 182
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Bowl/All-Star Game Records, p. 31
- ↑ Dunnavant, Keith (2004). The Fifty-Year Seduction: How Television Manipulated College Football, from the Birth of the Modern NCAA to the Creation of the BCS. Macmillan. pp. 93–99. ISBN 978-0-312-32345-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=aGFZn-JjWnkC&lpg=PA93&dq=%22big%20four%22%20%22Bowl%20game%22&pg=PA93#v=onepage&q=%22big%20four%22%20%22Bowl%20game%22&f=false. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ↑ Bowl Bound, pp. 189–190
- ↑ Bowl Bound, p. 191
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Bowl Bound, pp. 192–199
- ↑ Bowl Bound, p. 200
- ↑ Mitchell, Billy (November 11, 1984). "Reality of a losing record stuns the Tide". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1B. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=RDUdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pqUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4083%2C2642965. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ Wheat, Jack (December 31, 1986). "Perkins takes Tampa Bay coaching job". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=xzQdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=haUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6326%2C10034562. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ Bowl Bound, p. 201
- ↑ Bowl Bound, pp. 202–203
- ↑ Hurt, Cecil (December 7, 1992). "Voters don't let the Tide down". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1B. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=npYtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mqUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6336%2C2741023. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ Hurt, Cecil (January 2, 1993). "National Champions! Bama finds life is sweet back at top". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=JDMdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=caUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6248%2C1440808. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ Hurt, Cecil (August 3, 1995). "Sayers will fight 'excessive' penalties". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1.
- ↑ "Aide gets Alabama post". The New York Times. December 10, 1996. http://www.nytimes.com/1996/12/10/sports/aide-gets-alabama-post.html?src=pm. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Bowl Bound, pp. 204–205
- ↑ Hurt, Cecil (December 2, 2000). "Fran's the new man at Alabama". The Tuscaloosa News: p. 1. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=FscnAAAAIBAJ&sjid=sqcEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5706%2C200294. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- ↑ "Alabama is penalized with 2-year bowl ban". The New York Times. February 2, 2002. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30611FE3E590C718CDDAB0894DA404482. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 Hurt, Cecil (March 23, 2010). "UA officials disappointed in appeal outcome". The Tuscaloosa News. http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20100323/NEWS/100329840/1007?Title=UA-officials-disappointed-in-appeal-outcome. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ "Alabama fires Shula, names Kines interim coach". ESPN.com news services. ESPN.com. November 28, 2006. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=2677110. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Bowl Bound, p. 206
- ↑ Solomon, Jon (January 2, 2011). "Alabama's defense dismantles Michigan State". The Birmingham News. http://www.al.com/sports/index.ssf/2011/01/solomon_alabamas_defense_disma.html. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
- ↑ "Alabama's D embarrasses LSU as five FGs, late TD seal national title". Associated Press. ESPN.com. January 9, 2012. http://scores.espn.go.com/ncf/recap?gameId=320090099. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
- ↑ "Alabama routs Notre Dame, wins 3rd BCS title in past 4 years". ESPN.com news services. ESPN.com. January 7, 2013. http://scores.espn.go.com/ncf/recap?gameId=330070333. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- ↑ Bowl/All-Star Game Records, pp. 32–38
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 Brown, Gary; Mike Morrison, Michael Morrison (2008). ESPN Sports Almanac 2008. ESPN. p. 187. ISBN 1-933060-38-7.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 Bowl/All-Star Game Records, pp. 10–11
- ↑ "Joe Robbie gets a name change". TimesDaily (Florence, Alabama). August 26, 1996. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=ENEyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_8gEAAAAIBAJ&dq=joe%20robbie%20named%20pro%20player&pg=2807%2C3703765. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- ↑ Lefton, Terry (January 18, 2010). "Dolphins sell stadium naming rights to Sun Life". South Florida Business Journal (bizjournals.com). http://www.bizjournals.com/southflorida/stories/2010/01/18/daily5.html. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- ↑ Woodyard, Chris (October 4, 2011). "Mercedes-Benz buys naming rights to New Orleans' Superdome". USA Today (usatoday.com). http://content.usatoday.com/communities/driveon/post/2011/10/mercedes-benz-new-orleans-superdome-naming-rights-saints-bcs-super-bowl-2013/1. Retrieved December 11, 2011.