|Date of birth:November 30, 1898|
|Place of birth: Table Rock, Nebraska|
|Date of death: December 28, 1972(aged 74)|
|Place of death: San Bernardino County, California|
|No regular season or postseason appearances|
| As player:|
*Canton Bulldogs (1922–1923)
| As coach:|
*Nebraska (1934-1941) (Asst., line)
|Career highlights and awards|
|* 5× First-team All-Pro (1923, 1924, 1925, 1930, and 1934)|
|Stats at pro-football-reference.com|
|Pro Football Hall of Fame|
William Roy "Link" Lyman (November 30, 1898 – December 28, 1972), also sometimes known as Roy Lyman, was an American football player and coach.
Lyman was born in Nebraska and raised in Kansas. He played college football for the Nebraska Cornhuskers football team in 1918, 1919, and 1921. He played professional football as a tackle in the National Football League (NFL) for the Canton/Cleveland Bulldogs (1922–1925), the Frankford Yellow Jackets (1925), and the Chicago Bears (1926–1928, 1930–1932, and 1933–1934). He won four NFL championships (1922, 1923, and 1924 with the Bulldogs and 1933 with the Bears) and was selected five times as a first-team All-Pro player (1923, 1924, 1925, 1930, and 1934).
Lyman was an assistant football coach at Nebraska from 1935 to 1941 and at Creighton University in 1942. He later had a career in the insurance business. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1964. He died in an automobile crash in 1972 while driving to Las Vegas.
Lyman was born in 1898 in Table Rock, Nebraska. As an infant, his family moved to Rawlins County, Kansas, where his father, Edwin Lyman, was a farmer, raised stock and engaged in the real estate business. Lyman had four younger brothers (Edwin, Richard, Albert, and Louis) and three younger sisters (Anna, Margret, and Mildred).
Lyman enrolled at the University of Nebraska in 1917 where he was a member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. After playing freshman football in 1917, he played at the tackle position for the Nebraska Cornhuskers football team in 1918, 1919, and 1921. Lyman was married shortly after the end of the 1919 football season and did not return to the university in the fall of 1920. He returned in February 1921 to establish his eligibility to play in the fall of 1921.
Lyman later recalled: "From the first day, I just loved the game, and we had some pretty good teams, too." The 1921 Nebraska team compiled a 7–1 record, lost a close game against Knute Rockne's Notre Dame team, outscored opponents by a combined total of 283 to 17, and won the Missouri Valley Conference championship. The 1922 Nebraska yearbook noted the following about Lyman: "Lyman was, without doubt, our fastest lineman. Roy is a big man, weighing 200 pounds, and could get down under punts almost as quickly as the ends. Roy proved to be a ground gainer on tackle-around plays before the season was over."
In September 1922, Lyman left Lincoln, Nebraska, to play professional football for the Canton Bulldogs. The Bulldogs were coached by Guy Chamberlin, an All-American out of Nebraska, who invited Lyman to join the team. With Lyman and Pete Henry as its star tackles, the 1922 Canton Bulldogs compiled a 10–0–2 record, shut out nine of twelve opponents, outscored all opponents 184 to 15, and won the NFL championship.
Lyman returned to the Bulldogs the following year. The 1923 team had another undefeated season (11-0-1), shut out eight of twelve opponents, outscored all opponents by a combined total of 246 to 19, and won its second consecutive NFL championship. After the season, Lyman was selected as a first-team All-Pro player by the Canton Daily News and a second-team All-Pro by Collyer's Eye magazine.
In August 1924, Cleveland jeweler Samuel Deutsch bought the Canton Bulldogs and moved the team to Cleveland where they became the Cleveland Bulldogs during the 1924 NFL season. The Bulldogs compiled a 7–1–1 record, outscored opponents by a total of 229 to 60, and won their third consecutive NFL championship. After the 1924 season, Lyman was selected as a first-team All-Pro by Collyer's Eye and a second-team All-Pro by the Green Bay Press-Gazette.
In July 1925, Lyman and four of his teammates (Pete Henry, Rudy Comstock, Ben Jones, and Harry Robb) bought the team for $3,500 and moved it back to Canton. Lyman played seven games for the 1925 Bulldogs and then finished the season playing four games for the Frankford Yellow Jackets. Lyman was reunited with Guy Chamberlain who was then Frankford's head coach. After the 1925 season, Lyman was selected as a first-team All-Pro on the team selected by NFL Commissioner Joseph Carr; he was also selected as a second-team All-Pro by Collyer's Eye.
In December 1925, Lyman joined the Chicago Bears and took part in a winter barnstorming tour that featured football player Red Grange. He joined the Bears again in the fall of 1926. The 1926 Bears team featured five players who were later inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame (Lyman, Paddy Driscoll, George Halas, Ed Healey, and George Trafton), posted a 12–1–3 record, and finished second in the NFL.
Lyman remained with the Bears for the 1927 and 1928 seasons. He retired after the 1928 season but returned to the Bears in the fall of 1930. The 1930 Bears compiled a 9–4–1 and finished third in the NFL. Lyman was selected as a first-team All-Pro by Collyer's Eye magazine and the Green Bay Press-Gazette.
Lyman again retired from playing football after the 1931 season. During his two retirements from the Bears, Lyman played semipro ball in Texas and worked in the ranching business.
Lyman returned to the Bears in 1933. The 1933 Bears featured six future Pro Football Hall of Fame players (Lyman, Bronko Nagurski, Red Grange, George Musso, and George Trafton), posted a 10–2–1 record, and defeated the Giants in the 1933 NFL Championship Game.
Lyman played his final year of professional football as a member of the 1934 Bears team that compiled a perfect 13–0 record in the regular season and won the NFL Western Division championship, but lost to the Giants in the 1934 NFL Championship Game. After the 1934 season, Lyman was selected as a first-team All-Pro by the United Press, Green Bay Press-Gazette, and Collyer's Eye. Bears' coach George Halas later observed that Lyman was "stronger and tougher during his last two seasons than when he first joined the team eight years earlier."
Shifting on defense
Lyman was a pioneer in the use of shifting maneuvers to disrupt the blocking assignments of offensive linemen. According to his biography at the Pro Football Hall of Fame, "the constant shifting by defensive players before each play in modern professional football can be traced back to Lyman, who regularly resorted to similar ploys. His sliding, shifting style of defensive line play confused his opponents and made him one of the most respected players of his time. Lyman explained that the idea of shifting was an instinctive move to fool a blocker. He had a unique ability to diagnose a play and many times he would make his move just as the ball was snapped."
Steve Owen, who played with Lyman in 1925 and later served as coach of the Giants, recalled: "Link was the first lineman I ever saw who moved from the assigned defensive position before the ball was snapped. It was difficult to play against him because he would vary his moves and no matter how you reacted, you could be wrong."
Career accomplishments and honors
Lyman received many honors for his contributions to the game, including being inducted into the Helms Foundation major league football Hall of Fame (January 1961) and the Nebraska Sports Hall of Fame and receiving the University of Nebraska's Distinguished Alumni Award in June 1961. His greatest honor came in February 1964 when he was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame as part of the second class of inductees.
During his 11 years in the NFL, Lyman won four NFL championships and never had a losing season. (In 1929, following Lyman's first retirement, the Bears posted a 4–9–2 record.) He was selected five times as a first-team All-Pro and appeared in 133 official NFL games. He was known as one of the true "iron men" of iron man era. Counting unofficial games, he appeared in a total of 286 professional games and played 211-1/2 hours in those games. At the time of his retirement and for many years thereafter, he held the NFL records for games and playing time logged.
In December 1934, Lyman was hired as an assistant football coach under Dana X. Bible with the Nebraska Cornhuskers. He was the line coach at Nebraska from 1935 to 1941 under coaches Bible and Biff Jones. During his seven years as line coach at Nebraska, he was the position coach for All-American linemen Bernie Scherer, Fred Shirey, Elmer Dohmann, Ted Doyle, Charley Brock, Forrest Behm and Warren Alfson. In December 1941, the Nebraska Athletic Board voted not to renew Lyman as the football team's line coach. In 1942, he served as the line coach for the Creighton Bluejays football.
Family and later years
Lyman was married in June 1920 to Grace "Dolly" Godwin (1901–1967). They had two daughters, Joanne and Ardis Mary. In 1942, Lyman accepted a job with the Equitable Life Assurance Society. He became an agency manager for the company in San Antonio, Texas, in 1948. Through the 1950s and 1960s, he worked as an insurance executive in Los Angeles.
Lyman died in 1972 at age 74 in an automobile crash. He was driving to Las Vegas on I-15 when his automobile crashed into the back of a semi-trailer truck 12 miles south of Baker, California. He was dead upon arriving at the Barstow Community Hospital. He was buried at the Rose Hills Memorial Park in Whittier, California.
- "Link Lyman Stats". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/L/LymaLi20.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Census entry for Edward Lyman and family. Son William R., born November 1898 in Nebraska. Census Place: Rotate, Rawlins, Kansas; Roll: 496; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0138; FHL microfilm: 1240496. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- Census entry for Edwin Lyman and family. Son William R., age 11, born in Nebraska. Census Place: Celia, Rawlins, Kansas; Roll: T624_453; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 0155; FHL microfilm: 1374466. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- 1915 Kansas Census entry for Edwin Lyman. Son William Roy, age 16. Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, Kansas; Roll: ks1915_191; Line: 6. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925 [database on-line].
- Draft registration card dated September 12, 1898, for William Roy Lyman, born November 30, 1898. Father is Edwin Lyman. William Roy is employed by his father as a farmer in McDonald, Kansas. Registration State: Kansas; Registration County: Rawlins; Roll: 1643805. Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line].
- Chris Willis (2005). Old Leather: An Oral History of Early Pro Football in Ohio, 1920-1935. Scarecrow Press. p. 58. ISBN 1461670179.
- 1918 The Cornhusker, p. 344.
- The 1919 Cornhusker, p. 363.
- The 1922 Cornhusker, p. 256.
- The 1919 Cornhusker, pp. 247 and 251.
- "Roy Lyman To Return To Nebraska". The Des Moines Register: p. 8. February 22, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10179839/roy_lyman_to_return_to_nebraska/.
- "Husker Star Returns". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 10. February 17, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/4096424/1921_link_lyman_returns/.
- Old Leather, p. 58.
- "1921 Nebraska Cornhuskers Schedule and Results". SR/College Football. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/nebraska/1921-schedule.html. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- The 1922 Cornhusker, p. 187.
- "Lyman To Play At Canton: Former Husker Star Will Join Guy Chamberlain's Professional Team In Ohio". The Nebraska State Journal: p. 3. September 25, 1922. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10180354/lyman_to_play_at_canton/.
- Old Leather, p. 58.
- "1922 Canton Bulldogs Schedule & Game Results". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/cbd/1922_games.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "1923 Canton Bulldogs Schedule & Game Results". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/cbd/1923_games.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "1923 NFL All-Pros". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1923/allpro.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "Collyer's All-Star Pro Elevens". The Davenport Democrat and Leader: p. 25. December 21, 1923. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10180981/collyers_allstar_pro_elevens/.
- "Champion Bulldogs Sold To Cleveland". Akron Beacon-Journal: p. 12. August 4, 1924. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10181517/champion_bulldogs_sold_to_cleveland/.
- "1924 Cleveland Bulldogs Schedule & Game Results". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/cib/1924_games.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "1924 NFL All-Pros". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1924/allpro.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Old Leather, p. 59.
- "Canton Bulldogs to Return in Fall". The Gazette Times (Pittsburgh): p. 31. July 19, 1925. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10181695/canton_bulldogs_to_return_in_fall/.
- Chris Willis (August 19, 2010). The Man Who Built the National Football League: Joe F. Carr. p. 217. ISBN 9780810876705. https://books.google.com/books?id=GCvNoVqXOmUC&pg=PA217#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- "1925 NFL All-Pros". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1925/allpro.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "Lyman Lines Up With Red Grange: Former Cornhusker Tackle Heads To Florida With Chicago Bears". The Lincoln Star: p. 8. December 21, 1925. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10182445/lyman_lines_up_with_red_grange/.
- "Pro Grid Notes". Green Bay Press-Gazette: p. 14. October 4, 1930. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10187936/pro_grid_notes/.
- "1930 All-Pros". Pro-Football-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1930/allpro.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Lew Freedman (2008). Chicago Bears: The Complete Illustrated History. MVP Books. p. 23. ISBN 0760332312.
- "1933 Chicago Bears Schedule & Game Results". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/chi/1933_games.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "1934 Chicago Bears Schedule & Game Results". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/chi/1934_games.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "1934 All-Pros". Pro-Football-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/1934/allpro.htm. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "William Roy Lyman Biography". Pro Football Hall of Fame. http://www.profootballhof.com/players/william-roy-link-lyman/biography/. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "Bears in the Hall: Link Lyman". Chicago Bears. http://www.chicagobears.com/tradition/bears-in-the-hall/link-lyman.html. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- "Shaw, Dutch, Bednarik in Helms Hall". Philadelphia Daily News: p. 53. January 10, 1961. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10190116/shaw_dutch_bendarik_in_helms_hall/.
- "Honors for Erickson, Lyman, Oldt, Stuart". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 28. June 4, 1961. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10189867/honors_for_erickson_lyman_oldt_stuart/.
- "7 named to NFL Valhalla". The Morning News: p. 48. February 28, 1964. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10173870/7_named_to_nfl_valhalla/.
- "Chicago Bears Franchise Encyclopedia". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/chi/. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- George Kirksey (December 7, 1934). "Bears Have More Team Spirit Than Collegians Is Claim of Feathers: Link Lyman Has Played In 286 Pro Games; Notes on Money Players". The Minneapolis Star: p. 26. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10189462/bears_have_more_team_spirit_than/.
- According to "Lyman One of Greats", published in the Lincoln Evening Journal, March 6, 1964, Lyman's totals were 303 games and 268 hours played.
- "Lyman One of Greats". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 17. March 6, 1964. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174115/lyman_one_of_greats/.
- "Link Lyman Signs as Assistant Grid Coach at Nebraska". Great Falls Tribune: p. 14. December 16, 1934. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174508/link_lyman_signs_as_assistant_grid/.
- "Nebraska "Fires" Line Coach Link Lyman: Husker Athletic Board Decides; Dismissal Confirmed by Regents". The Lincoln Star: p. 10. December 20, 1941. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174596/nebraska_fires_line_coach_link_lyman/.
- "Lyman Named Line Coach at Creighton". The Decatur Herald: p. 10. September 1, 1942. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174634/lyman_named_line_coach_at_creighton/.
- "Link Lyman's Wife Dies in California". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 33. December 6, 1967. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10173723/link_lymans_wife_dies_in_california/.
- Census entry for William Roy Lyman, age 40, employed as a football coach at the state university, and family. Census Place: Lincoln, Lancaster, Nebraska; Roll: T627_2254; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 55-54B. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "About people". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 5. October 5, 1944. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174315/about_people/.
- "'Link' Lyman Takes Position With Insurance Firm". The Lincoln Star: p. 1. March 2, 1942. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174253/link_lyman_takes_position_with/.
- "'Link' Lyman to Texas As Insurance Manager". The Nebraska State Journal: p. 15. August 22, 1948. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174390/link_lyman_to_texas_as_insurance/.
- "Link Lyman Is Lincoln Visitor". Lincoln Evening Journal: p. 12. November 24, 1954. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174175/link_lyman_is_lincoln_visitor/.
- "Link Lyman to Be Feted". Los Angeles Times: p. 41. April 20, 1964. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10174077/link_lyman_to_be_feted/.
- "Lyman Dead". Anderson (IN) Herald: p. 23. December 31, 1972. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10173802/lyman_dead/.
- "Ex-Football Great Lyman Dies in Crash". The Sun-Telegram (San Bernardino, CA): p. C2. December 30, 1972. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/10173646/exfootball_great_lyman_dies_in_crash/.
- "William Roy Lyman". Find-a-Grave.com. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6914&ref=acom. Retrieved April 8, 2017.