|Kenneth E. Behring|
|File:Ken Behring, US Senate.JPG|
|Born||June 13, 1928|
|Occupation||Real estate developer|
Football team owner
Early years[edit | edit source]
Behring was born in Freeport, Illinois. His family moved to Monroe, Wisconsin, when he was four. He grew up in poverty; his father worked in a lumber yard, and his mother cleaned houses. Ken started working a variety of jobs around town starting at age seven: mowing lawns, caddying, transporting milk, selling newspapers, working at a grocery store and at a lumberyard. He became a salesperson at Montgomery Ward at age 16, and started a side business selling sporting goods in town. Behring attended Monroe High School in Monroe, Wisconsin. A high school football player, he received a partial football scholarship to the University of Wisconsin–Madison, but dropped out of college due to an injury that left him unable to play football, and therefore ineligible for his scholarship.
Career[edit | edit source]
Out of college, Behring, a car buff, worked as a salesperson at a Chevrolet and Chrysler auto dealership. At age 21, he started a used car business called Behring Motors in Monroe, Wisconsin. He went on to own Car-a-Mat, a chain of car washes. A savvy businessman, he was earning $50,000 a year and had $1 million in assets by age 27.
Ken Behring moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida in 1956 and started the Behring Construction Company. He became a land developer, founding Tamarac Lakes, a new active-adult (which later became all-age) community in 1962. It was built on an area that was formerly wetlands, pastures, and fields. The new development was incorporated as Tamarac, Florida ("Car-a-Mat" spelled backwards) on July 25, 1963.
In 1972, Behring moved to the San Francisco Bay Area, where he was involved in developing the country club at Blackhawk, California, and later, the Canyon Lakes Development in San Ramon, California.
In 1988, Behring and partner Ken Hofmann purchased the NFL's Seattle Seahawks football team for $79 or $99 million (both numbers have been reported). They transferred the team's operations to Anaheim, California in 1996, a widely criticized move, although the team continued to play in Seattle. They sold the team to Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen in 1997, for $200 million.
Behring has been listed several times on the annual Forbes 400 list of richest Americans, including 1991, 1995, and 1997. In 1997, his last year on the list, he ranked #395, with an estimated net worth of $495 million. He's since been described in the press as a billionaire.
In 2004, Behring published a memoir called Road to Purpose: One Man's Journey Bringing Hope to Millions and Finding Purpose Along the Way (ISBN 0-9761912-0-2).
Behring was made a member of the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans in 2006.
Family[edit | edit source]
Behring married his wife Patricia (Pat) at age 21. They have five sons, and as of 2005, ten grandchildren.
Philanthrophy[edit | edit source]
Behring was involved in founding the Blackhawk Museum (originally the Blackhawk Automotive Museum) in 1988, created, in part, to house his personal collection of vintage cars; he was criticized for the tax exemption he sought and received for donating his cars to his museum.
Behring pledged $20 million to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in 1997, with the intention that it be used for educational purposes. At the time, the money was allocated for refurbishing the museum's rotunda, supporting a traveling exhibition, and endowing the museum's new Kenneth E. Behring Family Hall of Mammals, which opened in 2003. There was some controversy around the terms of the donation, linked to Behring's endangered species hunting controversy.
He pledged another $80 million to the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in 2000. Of the $80 million, $20 million was allocated for a hall honoring "American legends and legacies," paying "tribute to deceased individuals who made great contributions to our country and who truly epitomize the 'American spirit", $4 million paid for an exhibition on the American presidency, and another $16 million funded an exhibit called "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War," opened in 2004. In return, Behring's contract required that the museum rename its main facility the "Behring Center." MuseumNews called Behring's donation "purportedly the largest cash donation ever to be given to a U.S. museum by a living person," and Behring was given the Smithsonian's James Smithson Award for his contributions. In 2001, a memorandum by a group of curators and scholars at the Museum of American History expressed concerns about Behring's gift, and criticized the museum for hiring Behring's personal architect to do a study on modernizing the museum's exhibition space; a Smithsonian official denied accusations of impropriety. According to The New York Times, Behring's gift was also then criticized in the museum world, as some museum professionals charged that he had been given too much power to "dictate the nature and content of the museum's exhibitions."
In 2000, Behring also donated $7.5 million to expand the University of California, Berkeley's Principal Leadership Institute; the newly established Kenneth E. Behring Center for Educational Improvement focused on training programs for public school principals, providing scholarships for 50 aspiring principals every year. UC Berkeley awarded him a Chancellor's Citation in 2001.
Behring founded the Wheelchair Foundation in Blackhawk, California in 2000, to provide free wheelchairs for people with physical disabilities in developing nations unable to afford one. He founded the WaterLeaders Foundation, a nonprofit working to support safe drinking water around the world, in 2005. In a 2010 interview, he reported having given away between $200 and $300 million, and his interest in issues of global health.
Controversies[edit | edit source]
Sexual harassment[edit | edit source]
A 1999 story in Seattle Weekly reported that "Behring...settled several sex harassment claims in recent years." The most prominent of these cases was the 1996 allegation by former employee Patricia Parker that she had been sexually harassed over the course of two years, and assaulted at a New Year's Day event, while being "required to cover for Behring's sexual activities and liaisions in the executive offices with a number of women." The New York Times reported that Parker "accused Behring of making advances, asking her to pick up his prescription sex-enhancing drugs and requiring she keep waivers on hand for his potential sex partners to sign away their rights to demand money of him." Behring denied the charges, and the case was settled out of court in 1996.
Hunting[edit | edit source]
Behring started hunting as a young boy, to help provide food for his family. He became an avid big-game hunter as an adult, and a president of hunting organization Safari Club International. He has made multiple safari trips to East Africa, and has shot lions, leopards, rhinoceroses, an elephant, and an endangered bighorn sheep. Behring has been criticized for his trophy hunting practices and animal conservation ethics.
In 1997, Behring shot an endangered Kara Tau argali sheep in Kazakhstan (only 100 remained in the world at the time). Behring claimed he had permits to shoot the sheep and had Russian scientists in his hunting party; he was issued export permits two days before the enactment of a prior international decision to move Kara Tau argali to the most-endangered status. Per American law, the remains of the endangered animal could not be legally imported into the United States. Behring donated $20 million to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History six weeks later, offering his private collection of stuffed hunting trophies to the museum, including four rare bighorn sheep, one of which was the Kara Tau argali sheep. The Smithsonian attempted to import the remains by petitioning the Department of the Interior for an Endangered Species Act waiver, but withdrew its request after questioning and negative publicity from Representative George Miller and groups like the Humane Society of the United States. Behring maintained that he had broken no laws, and had shot the animal legally while assisting Kazakh scientists. The National Museum of Natural History subsequently reevaluated their acquisitions policies in light of the charges.
In 1998, Behring shot and killed an elephant in Mozambique, where the sport killing of elephants was banned in 1990. His hunting companions, the then past and current presidents of Safari Club International, killed two more elephants. Mozambican wildlife officials believed that the group had come "to survey investment opportunities" in Cabo Delgado province. The group was given a permit by the governor to shoot a lion, a leopard and a buffalo; a local wildlife official also added a note referring to "problem elephants," the only exception to the national ban on the killing of elephants. According to Arlito Cuco, head of Mozambique's wildlife service, a federal investigation showed that the hunt was illegal because it did not target problem elephants, and that two of the elephant tusks had gone missing. Local investigators also reported that the group used a helicopter during the hunt, which "drove the elephants onto their guns" -- a charge they denied. According to the New York Times, Behring's spokesperson "sent a reporter a copy of a $5,000 check, dated six weeks after the hunt and made out to the provincial government with the notation 'elephant permit.'" The then-director of the game reserve near where the elephants had been killed was skeptical, telling ABC News PrimeTime "They came in there and bankrolled an operation to take out some big elephant, and it is wrong. And nobody, nobody can condone what happened."
References[edit | edit source]
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- United States Department of Housing and Urban Development vs. TEMS Association, (US Dept. of Housing and Urban Development Office of Administrative law Judges 1992). Text
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- "New program to prepare principals for California's urban schools gets $7.5 million gift from Bay Area philanthropist". Berkeleyan (UC Berkeley). 2000-08-16. http://www.berkeley.edu/news/berkeleyan/2000/08/16/gift.html. Retrieved 2006-08-13.
- "Graduate School of Education: Development and External Relations, Giving Overview". gse.berkeley.edu. University of California Berkeley Graduate School of Education. http://gse.berkeley.edu/admin/ExtRel/extrelations.html. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- "University of California, Berkeley The Chancellor's Citation List of Recipients As of 11/14/2005". University of California, Berkeley Awards Program. http://awards.berkeley.edu/pdf/Chancellor_Citation.pdf. Retrieved 2006-08-13.
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- "Workplace sexual harassment knows no rank". USA Today. 1999-03-01. http://www.usatoday.com/money/company/work/work014.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
- Associated Press (1996-07-12). "Court Documents Detail Behring's Sexual Escapades". Daily News (Los Angeles). http://www.thefreelibrary.com/COURT+DOCUMENTS+DETAIL+BEHRING%27S+SEXUAL+ESCAPADES-a083953049. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
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|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Ken Behring.|
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with American Football Database, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.