Justin Boren
Boren at Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium in August 2012.
No. 65     
Personal information
Date of birth: (1988-04-28) April 28, 1988 (age 32)
Place of birth: Pickerington, Ohio
Career information
College: Ohio State
Undrafted in 2011
No regular season or postseason appearances
Career history
* Baltimore Ravens ( 2011 2012)
Career highlights and awards
  • 2007 All-Big Ten honorable mention
  • 2009 & 2010 All-Big Ten first-team (media) and second-team (coaches)
  • 2010 College Football All-America Team (2nd team – AP, CBS, Rivals & Scout)
High school

Justin Matthew Boren (born April 28, 1988) is a former American football guard. Though a guard in the NFL, Boren played both guard and center during his high school and college football career. In high school, he was widely regarded as one of the top offensive linemen in the country and one of the top football prospects in the state of Ohio. He was selected to play in the U.S. Army All-American Bowl and was a Parade All-American and an Associated Press All-Ohio selection. The son of 1982 and 1983 Michigan Wolverines tackles leader Mike Boren, Justin was widely recruited by the nation's top schools, including both his father's alma mater, the University of Michigan and its archrival, Ohio State University, Boren's hometown school.

After an intense recruitment, Boren choose to play at Michigan despite leaning towards attending Ohio State early in his recruitment. He played in several games as a true freshman, making one start. As a sophomore, he became a regular starter, earning 2007 All-Big Ten Conference honorable mention. When head coach Lloyd Carr retired and was replaced by Rich Rodriguez, Boren became unhappy with the new staff and transferred to Ohio State. After transferring he had to sit 2008 NCAA Division I FBS football season and was also required to pay his own tuition, per Big Ten conference rules. He earned recognition as a selection to the 2009 and 2010 All-Big Ten team by both the coaches (second-team) and the media (first-team).[1] He was also a 2010 College Football All-America Team second team selection by several selectors. In 2009, he became the third player (following Howard Yerges and J. T. White) to play for both sides of the Michigan – Ohio State rivalry.[2] He was also teammates with his brother, Zach Boren, who was a starting fullback and linebacker for the Buckeyes. His other brother, Jacoby Boren, is currently the starting center at Ohio State.

He was signed by the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League as an undrafted free agent in 2011. He has since played for the Ravens, Detroit Lions, and Denver Broncos.

Early life and high school[edit | edit source]

Boren is Jewish, and was born in Pickerington, Ohio.[3] He was a freshman starter at Pickerington High School Central before transferring to Pickerington High School North the following year.[4] As a high school sophomore, Boren played guard and was an honors student.[5][6] During his high school years, his father was his harshest critic.[7][8] As a junior, he was listed as a nose guard on defense and an offensive tackle.[9] That season, he earned Division I Associated Press All-Ohio High School Football Team special mention.[10] By the time he was a junior, he was being recruited by both Ohio State, the local school, and Michigan, where his father played.[11] As a senior who bench pressed 450 pounds (204 kg) and squatted 660 pounds (299 kg), he was regarded as Central Ohio's most sought after high school football recruit.[12] As a result, he was selected to participate as one of 78 players in the 2006 U.S. Army All-American Bowl where he started at left offensive guard for the East team.[13] He was also selected to the Associated Press first-team Division I All-Central District and All-Ohio high school football teams as an offensive lineman.[14][15] After committing to Michigan, he enrolled in classes at the University of Michigan in January of what would have been the end of his senior year in high school along with roommate Carlos Brown.[16] Of all the football prospects from the state of Ohio, Boren was the only one that Ohio State was not able to lure.[17]

Name Hometown High school / college Height Weight 40 Commit date
Justin Boren
Pickerington, Ohio Pickerington High School North (OH) 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) 315 lb (143 kg) 5.24 May 13, 2005 
Scout:75px   Rivals:75px   ESPN grade: 82
Overall recruiting rankings: Scout: 7 (OL)   Rivals: 64, 1 (C), 4 (OH)  ESPN: 71
  • Note: In many cases, Scout and Rivals may conflict in their listings of height and weight.
  • In these cases, an average of the two was taken. ESPN grades are on a 100-point scale.


College career[edit | edit source]

File:20070922 Michigan huddle.jpg

2007 Michigan Wolverines football team huddle with Mario Manningham (86), Ryan Mallett (15), Mike Hart (20), Jake Long (77, behind Hart), Adrian Arrington (16), Mike Massey (83), Boren (65), Carson Butler (85), and Stephen Schilling (partially in view on right) (52).

Michigan[edit | edit source]

Having enrolled in January 2006, Boren (and roommate Brown) were available to participate in 2006 Spring Football.[18] Both players participated in spring practice,[19] which was part of a national trend of more high schoolers enrolling early.[20] Although early enrollment had been occurring for several years,[20] Kevin Grady had been the first at Michigan in 2005.[16] As a freshman during the 2006 NCAA Division I FBS football season for the 2006 Michigan Wolverines, Boren was injured during training camp,[21] and he did not dress in the season opener.[22] He had suffered a broken leg.[4] Despite being injured through the entire month of September, Boren decided not to redshirt and debuted during the Paul Bunyan Trophy rivalry game against Michigan State on October 7.[23] Two weeks later, when Rueben Riley got injured against the Iowa Hawkeyes, he played the entire second half.[24][25] On October 28, with Riley still injured, he became only the fourth true freshman to start on the Michigan offensive line in the modern era during a victory against Northwestern.[26][27] The following week against Ball State, Boren saw action after Jake Long got kicked in the helmet.[28] Boren's final action of the season came against the Indiana Hoosiers on November 11.[27] During the 2006 season, all of his appearances were at guard.[27] During 2007 Rose Bowl practices at the end of the 2006 season, Boren had practiced exclusively at center.[8]

File:20070922 Ryan Mallett rolling out against Penn State.jpg

Ryan Mallett rolls out against Penn State. Jake Long and Boren are among the visible linemen against Penn State

Boren had been recruited as either a center or a guard, but he preferred to play guard.[8] In spring practice the following year, Boren was moved to center.[29][30] At the end of the National Collegiate Athletic Association-sanctioned 15 days of spring football practice, he was announced as the starting center, replacing Mark Bihl.[31] This decision was confirmed when training camp started in the fall,[32] even though Boren had never before played center.[33] Thus, the starting offensive line was composed of veterans Long and Adam Kraus on the left and then Boren, right guard Jeremy Ciulla and right tackle Stephen Schilling neither of whom had ever started a game.[34] The 2007 NCAA Division I FBS football season was eagerly anticipated for the 2007 Wolverines with returning seniors Long, Mike Hart and Chad Henne in key roles,[33] but the season quickly began to fall apart when the team lost to the two-time defending FCS champion Appalachian State Mountaineers in the opening game.[35] When Ryan Mallett played in place of Henne during the September 15, Notre Dame rivalry game, left-handed snapper Boren switched positions with right-handed snapper Kraus who otherwise played left guard.[8][36][37] The switch occurred after Mallett fumbled two snaps from Boren,[38] whose left-handed snaps were foreign to the right-handed Mallett.[8] The switch caused a little confusion with official starting lineups the following week when Mallett started.[39][40] On September 22 against Penn State, both Boren and Kraus had casts on their snapping hands and Boren played center despite the fact that Mallett was starting.[41] During Mallett's October 27 start in the Little Brown Jug game against Minnesota, Kraus started at center.[42] The following week during the Paul Bunyan Trophy against Michigan State, the position switch was made permanent.[43][44] After the regular season, Boren was recognized as an honorable mention All-Big Ten selection.[45] Prior to the 2008 Capital One Bowl, Boren was expected to return to center because Henne had returned to full strength.[46] However, during the game, Boren played guard and Kraus played center.[47] After the season, both Boren and Kraus were named to Jewish Sports Review's 2007 College Football All-America Team.[48]

File:20070922 Adam Kraus and Jake Long obscure Ryan Mallett and Mike Hart.jpg

Adam Kraus (57) and Jake Long (77) obscure Ryan Mallett (15) and Mike Hart (20), while Boren (65) looks on.

After the season, head coach Lloyd Carr was replaced by Rich Rodriguez. Rodriguez' no huddle spread option offense, which used zone blocking, was a major adjustment for Boren.[49] By the tenth day of spring practice Boren had left the team.[50] Boren made a statement to the press regarding his decision,[51] which included the following excerpt: "Michigan football was a family, built on mutual respect and support for each other from (former) Coach (Lloyd) Carr on down. We knew it took the entire family, a team effort, and we all worked together. . I have great trouble accepting that those family values have eroded in just a few months. . .That I am unable to perform under these circumstances at the level I expect of myself, and my teammates and Michigan fans deserve, is why I have made the decision to leave."[52] A month later, Ohio State coach Jim Tressel announced Boren would redshirt for the 2008 NCAA Division I FBS football season and become the first player to transfer from Michigan to play for archrival Ohio State since at least World War II.[53] According to Section 14.5.2.B of the Rules of Eligibility in the Big Ten handbook, Boren is ineligible to be a scholarship athlete after transferring.[53][54] A little more than a week after Justin announced his transfer, his younger brother Zach committed to Ohio State.[55] Later that summer, Detroit Free Press writer Michael Rosenberg, backed up Boren's statement about family values: "Rodriguez's staff uses some of the foulest, most degrading language imaginable. I know coaches curse, and I'm no prude, but this goes way beyond a few dirty words. He belittles his players. This is a big part of why offensive lineman Justin Boren left the team. He felt his dignity was at stake."[56]

File:20090926 Bryant Browning, Mike Brewster and Justin Boren come to the line after a timeout.jpg

Bryant Browning, Mike Brewster and Boren come to the line of scrimmage after a time out.

Ohio State[edit | edit source]

When Boren arrived at Ohio State at 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) and 310 pounds (140 kg), he was one of the smallest offensive linemen on the team.[57] During his redshirt season, he wore the number 56.[57] In order to bond with his new teammates such as Alex Boone, he shaved lightning bolts into his head.[58] While redshirtting, he stood out in practice where he performed on the scout team.[59] In fact, during the week leading up to the final regular season game against Michigan, he wore the Winged Football Helmet that Michigan is known for as part of the scout team.[60] The 2008 Ohio State Buckeyes football team included three seniors on the offensive line: Boone, Steve Rehring and Ben Person.[61]

Terrelle Pryor passes behind Justin Boren

A total of 28 seniors graduated from the football team leaving the 2009 Ohio State Buckeyes football team with five returning starters on offense for the 2009 NCAA Division I FBS football season.[62] However, the team had the number one recruiting class in the nation according to the Chicago Sun-Times.[63] Both Scout.com and Rivals.com agreed with this number one ranking prior to the final signing period and although the offensive line had been the team's problem in 2008, the highly touted class included three tackles and a guard plus transfer Boren.[64][65]

In the spring of 2009, Hope Boren spoke at signing day about her two sons prospects for at Ohio State: "As a parent, you always try to raise kids who are happy and successful . . . And I know my kids are happy and I think they'll be successful."[66] Zach Boren said, "Everyone in the whole family is an Ohio State fan now. . .No one cares about Michigan at all anymore. That was in the past and we're all looking forward to being Buckeyes and staying Buckeyes for the rest of our lives."[67] During spring practice, Boren impressed his coaches and teammates;[68][69] however, he refused all interview requests.[70] During the summer, when asked about the impending Michigan – Ohio State game he said "My attitude is there are 11 games before that game,. . .I can't let myself get worked up thinking about that game. I don't want to take a chance of being unprepared for any of the first 11 games. The week that game gets here, it will be my primary focus."[70] By then, he was projected to be the starting left guard,[71] and he was expected to be an important part of the team.[72]

File:20090905 Justin Boren blocking for Dane Sanzenbacher.jpg

Boren blocking for Dane Sanzenbacher

Prior to the 2009 season, Boren suffered a knee injury. The injury was not severe because of the knee brace that he was wearing.[73][74][75] He recovered in time to be in the starting lineup at left guard along with his younger brother who started at fullback for the September 5 season opener against Navy.[76] The media portrayed Boren as a nasty and intense player, which Boren downplayed.[77][78] Early in the season, the offensive line struggled.[79] But as the season progressed guards Boren and Bryant Browning teamed up with second-year linemen Michael Brewster, J.B. Shugarts and Mike Adams to form a unit that worked effectively.[80][81] Boren missed the October 31 non-conference game against New Mexico State due to an unspecified foot injury.[82] When he returned to Michigan Stadium for the season finale, Michigan defensive end Brandon Graham was very vocal about Boren's departure.[83][84] At the conclusion of the 2009 Big Ten season, he was named to the All-Big Ten Conference team by both the coaches (second-team) and the media (first-team).[1] The following 2010 season, he repeated as a first team media and second team coaches All-Big Ten Conference selection.[85] He was named as a second team All-American selection by Associated Press, CBS Sports, Rivals.com and Scout.com.[86][87][88][89]

Professional career[edit | edit source]

Pre-draft measureables
Ht Wt 40-yd dash 10-yd split 20-yd split 20-ss 3-cone Vert Broad BP Wonderlic
6 ft 3 in 309 lb 5.54 s 4.75 s 7.57 s 28 rep

Boren was one of 56 offensive linemen invited to participate in the February 24 – March 1, 2011 NFL Scouting Combine.[91] He ranked thirteenth in the bench press with a total of 28 repetitions.[92] He ranked eleventh in the three cone drill with a time of 7.57.[93] Following the draft and the 2011 NFL lockout, Boren was regarded as one of the best available free agents.

Baltimore Ravens[edit | edit source]

Boren was signed by the Baltimore Ravens on July 26, 2011.[94][95] Boren's former University of Michigan offensive line coach Andy Moeller was a coach with Baltimore at the time of his signing.[96] He was waived by the team on September 3, 2011,[97] but he was signed to the practice squad on September 5.[98] On January 3, 2012, during the first round bye week of the 2011–12 NFL playoffs, Boren was activated.[99] On September 1, 2012, Boren was assigned to injured reserve.[100] Boren reached an injury settlement with the team before being removed from the roster later that week.[101]

Detroit Lions[edit | edit source]

Boren was named to the practice squad of the Detroit Lions on November 20, 2012.[102]

Denver Broncos[edit | edit source]

On January 7, 2013, the Denver Broncos signed Boren to a futures contract.[103] On August 7, 2013, Boren was waived/injured by the Broncos.[104] On August 8, 2013, he cleared waivers and was placed on the Broncos' injured reserve list.[105]

Personal life[edit | edit source]

Boren's father, Mike Boren, played football for Michigan from 1980–83 and his mother, Hope, ran track there from 1979–82. Boren attended the 2005 Michigan Summer Football Camp.[27] Mike led the Wolverines in tackles in 1982 and 1983.[7] Justin's youngest brother, Jacoby, was a sophomore at Pickerington Central High School in 2009.[78] By December 2010, Jacoby had committed to Ohio State.[106]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Big Ten Announces 2009 Football All-Conference Teams and Individual Honors". CBS Interactive. November 23, 2009. http://www.bigten.org/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/112309aag.html. Retrieved November 24, 2009.
  2. May, Tim (April 23, 2008). "Boren's transfer sure to add spice to rivalry". The Columbus Dispatch. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:CLDB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1203DA898AA39A30&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
  3. "Ohio State's Zach Boren not taking his senior season for granted: Bill Livingston". cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/livingston/index.ssf/2012/11/ohio_states_zach_boren_not_tak.html. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mitchell, Shawn (November 15, 2007). "Lineman's fast rise no real surprise – Sophomore from Pickerington is used to starting". The Columbus Dispatch. p. 05C. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/11CF21DD26CC1548?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  5. Ulrey, Jarrod (September 18, 2003). "North Looking To Take Momentum Into Westland Game". ThisWeek Community Newspapers. p. 01D. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/1179D256649A0690?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  6. "Honor Roll". ThisWeek Community Newspapers. May 20, 2004. p. 06A. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/117A07FC72BED458?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Snyder, Mark (September 27, 2007). "Michigan's Boren has sharp critic, mentor in dad". Detroit Free Press. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:ZMHR&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=11BF1F3B6E25A110&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Chengelis, Angelique S. (September 29, 2009). "U-M's Boren adjusts to center – Son of the former Wolverines linebacker learns to like position he didn't want to play.". The Detroit News. p. 01C. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/11C03FA35D69FBC8?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  9. "Ohio Capital Conference Capital Division". ThisWeek Community Newspapers. August 26, 2004. p. 07E. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/10DADE84D3F413F8?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  10. "AP All-Ohio High School Football Teams". The Repository. November 30, 2004. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/1248BDC8CA812DB0?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  11. May, Tim (February 20, 2005). "Ex-Wolverine Is In Middle Of Contest To Recruit Son – Pickerington North's Boren sought by Michigan, OSU". The Columbus Dispatch. p. 04E. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/10E370F484CFF6D0?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  12. Blackledge, Steve (August 25, 2005). "20 Players To Watch". The Columbus Dispatch. p. 13D. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/10C37C96F4E85790?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  13. Ulrey, Jarrod (January 12, 2006). "Panthers' Boren gets sample of college talent". ThisWeek Community Newspapers. p. 01B. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/117A1C46F267B3A8?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  14. "AP All-Central District Football Team". The Repository. November 10, 2005. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/1248C68B943CB1D0?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  15. "Division I all-Ohio football team". The Repository. November 29, 2005. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/1248C70F66435190?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Heuser, John (January 5, 2006). "Two new football recruits enroll early at Michigan". Ann Arbor News. p. D1. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/10FC754A5F89CAA0?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  17. Bell, Taylor (January 29, 2006). "It's Big Three, Little Eight". Chicago Sun-Times. p. A86. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/doc/nb/news/10F73047B8B7CA68?p=AWNB. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  18. "U-M stung by defection of nation's best cornerback – But Wolverines' recruiting class still ranks among America's best". The Grand Rapids Press. February 1, 2006. p. E3. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:GRPB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=10F8E1BD314EF878&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  19. Chengelis, Angelique S. (March 19, 2006). "Wolverines are leaner this spring – Carr says the players' decision to slim down will help their stamina during fourth quarter". The Detroit News. p. 13C. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DTNB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1107BCF5D534BDD0&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Carey, Jack (March 22, 2006). "More high school football players make early jump to BCS schools". USA Today. p. 6C. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:USTB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=11E5E94021A914A8&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  21. "In Brief". Ann Arbor News. August 16, 2006. p. D5. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1138DFC30CCAC3D8&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  22. Carty, Jim (September 3, 2006). "Henne's scrambles give offense a boost". Ann Arbor News. p. D5. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1140648BC7298AB8&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  23. Chengelis, Angelique S. (October 10, 2006). "Manningham faces surgery – Michigan's standout receiver might miss several games after injuring knee vs. Michigan State.". The Detroit News. p. 01D. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DTNB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=114B8EDD751D6D68&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  24. Heuser, John (October 22, 2006). "Taking care of business, once again – Unbeaten U-M passes last year's win total". Ann Arbor News. p. D1. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=114F91CF447A9B40&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  25. Fenno, Nathan (October 22, 2006). "Freshman guard blocks out jitters". Ann Arbor News. p. D7. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=114F91CE6CE62FB8&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  26. Carty, Jim (October 29, 2006). "Carr likes way Wolverines play in the rain". Ann Arbor News. p. D6. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1151E9A154E3CB28&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 "Justin Boren". CBS Interactive. http://www.cbssports.com/nfl/draft/players/1664124. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  28. Heuser, John (November 8, 2006). "Mitchell a do-it-all lineman for U-M". Ann Arbor News. p. D1. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1154ED4C8D1C3F38&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  29. Heuser, John (March 20, 2007). "Michigan moves 6 players to new positions". Ann Arbor News. p. B1. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:AARB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1180F91487C597F0&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  30. Chengelis, Angelique S. (March 25, 2007). "Three U-M players kicked off team as Wolverines hold spring practice". The Detroit News. p. B1. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DTNB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1181F154E5E5F338&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  31. Chengelis, Angelique S. (April 16, 2007). "Wolverines take a look at their youth – Carr says he likes what he saw during spring practice, especially the attitude of the team.". The Detroit News. p. 02D. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DTNB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=11892C5F14386C10&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  32. "Dantonio inspired by recruit Ray – Offensive lineman has been battling cancer; U-M unsure if tight end Butler will be on team.". The Detroit News. August 1, 2007. p. 09D. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DTNB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=11AC707E0A289600&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB579A3BDA420. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
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