| File:John Cena 134616.jpg |
John Cena in 2008.
|Birth name||John Felix Anthony Cena|
|Ring name(s)||John Cena|
|Billed height||6 ft 1 in (Script error m)|
|Billed weight||251 lb (114 kg)|
|Born||April 23, 1977|
West Newbury, Massachusetts
|Billed from||"Classified" (UPW)|
West Newbury, Massachusetts (WWE)
"West Newbury, Mexico" (as Juan Cena)
|Trained by||Ultimate Pro Wrestling|
Ohio Valley Wrestling
John Felix Anthony Cena (born April 23, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, bodybuilder, rapper, and actor. He is currently signed to WWE, where he is the current WWE Champion in his record-breaking eleventh reign.
In WWE, Cena has won 20 championships in total. He is also a 13 time World Champion (having won the WWE Championship a record 11 times and the World Heavyweight Championship twice), a company record shared with Triple H. In addition, Cena has also won the WWE United States Championship three times, and is a four-time Tag Team Champion, having held the World Tag Team Championship twice (once each with Shawn Michaels and Batista), and the WWE Tag Team Championship twice (once each with David Otunga and The Miz). Cena also won the Royal Rumble match twice (2008 and 2013), the 2012 Money in the Bank contract for the WWE Title, and is a three-time Superstar of the Year Slammy Award winner (2009, 2010, and 2012). He has the fourth highest number of combined days as WWE Champion behind Bob Backlund, Hulk Hogan and Bruno Sammartino. He is the 7th longest-reigning WWE Champion in history. He is also the only man to fail to capture a world championship upon cashing in a Money in the Bank contract.
Cena started his professional wrestling career in 2000, wrestling for Ultimate Pro Wrestling, where he held the UPW Heavyweight Championship. In 2001, Cena signed a contract with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) and was sent to Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW) where he held the OVW Heavyweight Championship and the OVW Southern Tag Team Championship (with Rico Constantino).
Outside of wrestling, Cena has released the rap album You Can't See Me, which debuted at No.15 on the US Billboard 200 chart, and starred in the feature films The Marine (2006), 12 Rounds (2009), and Legendary (2010). Cena has also made appearances on television shows including Manhunt, Deal or No Deal, MADtv, Saturday Night Live, Punk'd, and Psych. Cena was also a contestant on Fast Cars and Superstars: The Gillette Young Guns Celebrity Race, where he made it to the final round before being eliminated, placing third in the overall competition.
John Cena was born April 23, 1977, in West Newbury, Massachusetts, the son of Carol and John Cena, Sr. He is the second eldest of five brothers – Dan, Matt, Steve, and Sean. After graduating from Cushing Academy, Cena attended Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts. In college he was a Division III All-American center on the college football team, wearing the number 54, which is still used on some of his WWE merchandise. He graduated from Springfield in 1998 with a degree in exercise physiology, after which he pursued a career in bodybuilding, and also worked as a chauffeur for a limousine company.
Professional wrestling careerEdit
Ultimate Pro Wrestling (2000-2001)Edit
Cena started training to become a professional wrestler in 2000 at Ultimate Pro Wrestling's California-based "Ultimate University" operated by Rick Bassman. Once he was placed into an in-ring role, Cena began using a semi-robotic character known as "The Prototype". Some of this period of his career was documented in the Discovery Channel program Inside Pro Wrestling School. While in UPW, Cena held the UPW Heavyweight Championship for just shy of a month in April 2000.
World Wrestling Federation/EntertainmentEdit
Ohio Valley Wrestling (2001-2002)Edit
In 2001, Cena signed a developmental contract with the World Wrestling Federation (now WWE). He was assigned to its developmental territory Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW). During his time there, Cena wrestled under the ring names "The Prototype" and "Mr. P". He held the OVW Heavyweight Championship for three months and the OVW Southern Tag Team Championship (with Rico Constantino) for two months.
Cena made his television debut answering an open challenge by Kurt Angle on June 27, 2002. Inspired by a speech given by WWE Chairman Vince McMahon to the rising stars of the company, exhorting them to show "ruthless aggression" to earn a place among the legends, Cena took advantage of the opportunity to face Angle. Cena managed to counter the Angle Slam and the ankle lock submission hold, but ultimately lost to a hard amateur wrestling-style pin. Following the near-win, Cena became a fan favorite and started feuding with Chris Jericho, defeating Jericho at Vengeance. In October, Cena and Billy Kidman took part in a tag team tournament to crown the first WWE Tag Team Champions of the SmackDown! brand, losing in the first round. The next week, Cena turned on and attacked Kidman, blaming him for their loss, becoming a villain.
Shortly after the Kidman attack, on a Halloween themed episode of SmackDown, Cena dressed as Vanilla Ice performing a freestyle rap. The next week, Cena received a new character: a rapper who cut promos while rhyming. As the gimmick grew, Cena began adopting a variant of the 1980s WWF logo – dropping the "F" – as his "signature symbol", along with the slogan "Word Life". Moreover, he was joined by an enforcer, Bull Buchanan, who was rechristened B-2 (also written B² and pronounced "B-Squared"). Buchanan was later replaced by Red Dogg, until he was sent to the Raw brand in February.
For the first half of 2003, Cena sought the WWE Championship and chased the reigning champion, Brock Lesnar, performing weekly "freestyles" challenging him to matches. During the feud, Cena unveiled a new finishing maneuver: the FU, a Fireman's carry powerslam, named to mock Brock Lesnar's F-5 because both moves start with Fireman's carry, with the first victim being Rikishi. Cena won a number one contenders tournament against Lesnar at Backlash. However, Cena was defeated by Lesnar. At Vengeance Cena lost a singles match against The Undertaker. At the end of the year, Cena became a fan favorite again when he joined Kurt Angle as a member of his team at Survivor Series.
United States and WWE Champion (2004–2005)Edit
In early 2004, Cena participated in the Royal Rumble match at the 2004 Royal Rumble, making it to the final six before being eliminated by Big Show and the Match being won by Chris Benoit. The Royal Rumble elimination led to a feud with Big Show, which Cena won the United States Championship from Big Show at WrestleMania XX. During his reign, Cena came into contention with SmackDown General Manager Kurt Angle over issues arising with René Duprée and Torrie Wilson. The reign ended almost four months later, when he was stripped of the belt on July 8 by Angle after he accidentally knocked him over, thus attacking an official. Cena won the championship back defeating Booker T in a best of five series that culminated at No Mercy, only to lose it to the debuting Carlito Caribbean Cool the next week. After the loss to Carlito, the duo began a feud, which Cena was stabbed in the kidney while at a Boston-area nightclub by Carlito's bodyguard, Jesús. This worked injury was used to keep Cena out of action for a month, while Cena was filming The Marine. Immediately on his return in November, Cena won the United States Championship back from Carlito debuting a "custom made" spinner-style championship belt.
Cena took part in the 2005 Royal Rumble match, making it to the final two. Cena and Raw brand wrestler Batista went over the top rope at the same time, ostensibly ending the match. Vince McMahon, however, appeared on stage and restarted the match in sudden death rules, with Batista eventually eliminating Cena. The next month, Cena defeated Kurt Angle to earn a spot in the SmackDown brand's WrestleMania 21 main event match, beginning a feud with WWE Champion John "Bradshaw" Layfield (JBL) and his Cabinet in the process. In the early stages of the feud, Cena lost his US belt to Cabinet member Orlando Jordan, who proceeded to "blow up" the spinner championship with JBL and returning a more traditional style belt. Cena defeated JBL at WrestleMania winning the WWE Championship, giving Cena his first world championship. Cena then had a spinner WWE Championship belt made, while JBL took the original belt and claimed to still be WWE Champion, until Cena reclaimed the original belt in an "I Quit" match at Judgment Day.
Cena was drafted to the Raw brand on the June 6, 2005, becoming the first wrestler selected by General Manager Eric Bischoff in the annual draft lottery. Cena immediately entered a feud with Bischoff, after refusing to participate in the "war" against the Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) roster at One Night Stand. With Bischoff vowing to make Cena's stint on Raw difficult, he hand picked Jericho to take Cena's championship from him. During their feud, even though Cena was portrayed as the fan favorite and Jericho as the villain, a vocal section of live crowds, nonetheless, were booing Cena during their matches. More crowds followed suit during Cena's next feud with Kurt Angle, who took over as Bischoff's hand-picked number-one contender after Cena defeated Jericho in a You're Fired match on the August 22 Raw. As the feud continued and the dissenters grew more vocal, sometimes seeming to outnumber fans by wide margins, the announce team was forced to acknowledge the booing on television and began calling Cena a "controversial champion", claiming some people disliking him on account of his "in-ring style" and his chosen fashion. Despite the mixed and negative reactions, Cena held on to his championship through his feud with Angle, losing to him by disqualification – which titles do not change hands in WWE – at Unforgiven and pinning him at Survivor Series. The feud with Angle also saw Cena add a secondary, submission based, finishing maneuver – the STFU (a Stepover Toehold Sleeper, though named for a Stepover Toehold Facelock) – when he was put into a Triple Threat Submissions Only match on the November 28 Raw.
WWE Championship feuds and injury (2006–2007)Edit
Cena lost the WWE Championship at New Year's Revolution, but not in the Elimination Chamber match that he had been advertised to participate in beforehand. Instead, immediately after winning the Elimination Chamber, he was forced into a match against Edge, who cashed in his Money in the Bank contract – a "guaranteed title match for the WWE Champion at a time and place of the owner's choosing." Two quick spears allowed Edge to pin Cena, winning him the championship. Three weeks later, Cena won the championship back at the Royal Rumble. After winning the championship, Cena began feuding with Triple H, which the crowd began booing Cena and cheering the intended villain, Triple H. Cena beat Triple H at Wrestlemania 22 to retain his WWE Title. The negative reaction towards Cena intensified when facing Rob Van Dam at One Night Stand. Taking place in front of a crowd of mostly "old school" ECW fans at the Hammerstein Ballroom, Cena was met with raucous jeering and chants of "Fuck you, Cena", "You can't wrestle", and "Same old shit". When he began performing different moves into the match, the fans began chanting "You still suck". Cena lost the WWE Championship at One Night Stand, with Van Dam pinning Cena after interference from Edge.
In July, Edge won the championship from Van Dam in a Triple Threat match that also involved Cena, re-igniting the feud between him and Cena from earlier in the year. After Edge went about retaining the title by dubious means – getting himself disqualified (for which Championships do not change hands) and using brass knuckles – he introduced his own version of Cena's "custom" belt, this one with his logo placed on the spinner. Cena eventually won the championship back in a match and arena of Edge's choice: a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match at Unforgiven at the Air Canada Centre in Edge's hometown of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The match had a stipulation that, had Cena lost, he would have left the Raw brand for SmackDown. Cena returned his version of the spinner belt on the next night's Raw.
On the heels of his feud with Edge, Cena was placed in an inter-brand angle to determine the "Champion of Champions" – or which was the most dominant champion in WWE's three brands. Cena, the World Heavyweight Champion King Booker, and the ECW World Champion The Big Show engaged in a mini-feud leading to a Triple Threat match at Cyber Sunday, with the viewers voting on which of the three championships would be placed on the line. At the same time, Cena became involved in a storyline with non-wrestler Kevin Federline, when he began appearing on Raw with Johnny Nitro and Melina. After getting into a worked physical altercation with Federline on Raw, Federline appeared at Cyber Sunday to hit Cena with the World Heavyweight Championship during the match, helping King Booker retain his championship. 2006 ended with Cena beginning a feud with the undefeated Umaga over the WWE Championship, while 2007 began with the end of his storyline with Kevin Federline. On the first Raw of the new year, Cena was pinned by Federline with an assist from Umaga, although later in the night he was able to get his hands on Federline performing an FU on him.
One night after the Royal Rumble, an impromptu team of Cena and Shawn Michaels defeated Rated-RKO (Edge and Randy Orton) for the World Tag Team Championship, making Cena a double champion. On the April 2 episode of Raw, after losing a WWE Championship match to Cena at WrestleMania 23, Michaels turned on Cena, costing them the championship in the second of two 10 team battles royals, by throwing Cena over the top rope and eliminating the team. The Hardys (Matt and Jeff) eventually won the match and the championship. For the rest of the month, Cena feuded with Michaels, Orton, and Edge until The Great Khali declared his intentions to challenge for Cena's championship attacking and "laying out" all three of the top contenders before assaulting Cena himself and stealing the physical belt. For the next two months, Cena feuded with Khali over the championship, eventually becoming the first person in WWE to defeat him by submission at Judgment Day and then by pinfall at One Night Stand. Later that summer, Randy Orton was named the number one contender for the WWE championship, starting a feud between the two. Leading up to SummerSlam, Orton delivered a number of sneak-attacks, performing three RKOs to Cena, but in the actual match, Cena retained the championship. A rematch between the two occurred at Unforgiven, with Orton winning by disqualification after Cena ignored the referee's instructions and continued to beat on him in the corner.
During a match with Mr. Kennedy on the October 1, 2007 episode of Raw, Cena suffered a legitimate torn pectoral muscle while executing a hip toss. Though finishing the match and taking part in the scripted attack by Randy Orton after the match, surgery the following day found that his pectoralis major muscle was torn completely from the bone, estimating at the time to require seven months to a year of rehabilitation. As a result, Cena was stripped of the title in an announcement by Vince McMahon on the next night's episode of ECW, ending what was the longest WWE Championship reign in over 19 years. Cena's surgery was performed by orthopedic surgeon James Andrews at St. Vincent's Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama. Two weeks later, in a video update on WWE.com, Dr. Andrews and Cena's physical trainer both said that he was several weeks ahead of where he was expected to be in his rehabilitation at that time. Despite his injury, Cena attended the annual WWE Tribute to the Troops show filmed at Camp Speicher in Tikrit, Iraq on December 7, and aired on December 24.
Return from injury and World Championship reigns (2008–2010)Edit
Cena made an unannounced return as the final participant of the Royal Rumble match, winning the match, and the traditional WrestleMania title shot, by last eliminating Triple H. Instead of waiting until WrestleMania, the title shot was cashed in against WWE Champion Randy Orton at February's No Way Out pay-per-view in a match where Cena won by disqualification, resulting in him not getting the championship. The night after No Way Out, Cena was placed back into WrestleMania XXIV's WWE Championship match, making it a Triple Threat match also involving Triple H, during which he was pinned by Orton. At Backlash, Cena failed to regain the title in a Fatal Four-Way elimination match, in which he was pinned by Orton. Triple H won the title during that match. During the match, Cena eliminated JBL, renewing their feud from 2005. Cena defeated JBL at Judgment Day and then at One Night Stand in a First Blood match. JBL, however, defeated him in a New York City Parking Lot Brawl at The Great American Bash in July.
On the August 4 episode of Raw, Cena became a World Tag Team Champion for a second time, teaming with Batista to defeat Cody Rhodes and Ted DiBiase, but failed to retain the titles the following week against the former champions. Batista defeated Cena at SummerSlam; shortly after, he was named one of four contenders for CM Punk's World Heavyweight Championship in the Championship scramble match at Unforgiven. He was replaced by Rey Mysterio, however, after Cena suffered a herniated disc in his neck, which required surgery. Cena underwent successful surgery to repair the injury.
Cena made his in-ring return at the November pay-per-view event, Survivor Series, defeating Chris Jericho to win his first World Heavyweight Championship. The two continued their rivalry up to Armageddon, where Cena retained his championship. Cena lost the championship at No Way Out, to Edge after Kofi Kingston was attacked by Edge, who took his place in the Elimination Chamber match. Cena was given an opportunity to regain the title at WrestleMania XXV in a Triple Threat match also involving Big Show, which Cena won.
Cena lost the championship back to Edge in a Last Man Standing match at Backlash after interference from Big Show, who chokeslammed Cena through a big spotlight. This angle resulted in Cena beginning a feud with Big Show. Cena defeated Big Show at Judgment Day and at Extreme Rules in a Submission match by applying the STFU.
At the July pay-per-view, Night of Champions, he participated in a Triple Threat match for the WWE Championship, which also involved Triple H and WWE Champion Randy Orton. Cena, however, did not win the match. Two months later, at Breaking Point, Cena defeated Randy Orton for the WWE Championship in an "I Quit" match to win his fourth WWE Championship. At Hell in a Cell, Cena lost the title to Orton in a Hell in a Cell match. Three weeks later, at WWE Bragging Rights, Cena defeated Orton in a 60-minute Iron Man match. Cena successfully defended the title against both Triple H and Shawn Michaels in a Triple Threat match at Survivor Series, and lost it to Sheamus at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs in a Tables match.
Cena regained the title at the Elimination Chamber pay-per-view in an Elimination Chamber. His reign was cut short after Mr. McMahon made him defend the title against Batista, who won the title. Cena defeated Batista at WrestleMania XXVI for the title, and successfully defended it at Extreme Rules, in a Last Man Standing rematch. Cena faced Batista one more time, winning an I Quit match at Over the Limit.
Feuding with and joining The Nexus (2010–2011)Edit
On the June 7, 2010 episode of Raw, Cena was suddenly thrust into a new storyline when during his main event match against CM Punk, he was attacked by all eight former contestants of WWE NXT Season 1, with Wade Barrett as their leader. Punk, his follower Luke Gallows, and other personnel around the ring were attacked as well, but Cena took the worst of the attack and was carried out on a stretcher. This group later referred to itself as The Nexus. At Fatal 4-Way, Cena lost the WWE Title to Sheamus, in a fatal four-way match involving Edge and Randy Orton, after The Nexus interfered. Cena again lost to Sheamus, in a steel cage match, at Money in the Bank, after The Nexus again interfered. Cena, in retaliation to The Nexus, formed an alliance with Edge, Chris Jericho, John Morrison, R-Truth, The Great Khali and Bret Hart. They defeated The Nexus at SummerSlam, with help from the returning Daniel Bryan, a former member of Nexus, who replaced Khali after he was injured.
Hoping to end The Nexus, Cena challenged Wade Barrett to a match at Hell in a Cell with the stipulations that if he were to lose, he would join The Nexus. After Barrett defeated Cena, he joined The Nexus, and was forced by the Raw GM to follow their orders or be fired. Cena and fellow Nexus member David Otunga defeated Cody Rhodes and Drew McIntyre to win the Tag Team Championship at Bragging Rights. Later, he was forced to help Barrett defeat Orton in a championship match, giving Barrett the disqualification win. The next day, Cena and Otunga lost the Tag Team Championship to fellow Nexus members Heath Slater and Justin Gabriel, when Barrett ordered Otunga to lay down and lose the title. At Survivor Series, Cena officiated a match for the WWE Championship between Wade Barrett and Randy Orton. Per stipulation, if Barrett didn't win the championship, Cena would be fired from the WWE.
Orton defeated Barrett to retain the title, thus terminating Cena's WWE contract. The following day on Raw, Cena gave a farewell speech, before costing Wade Barrett the WWE Championship by interfering in his rematch with Randy Orton. A week later, Cena invaded Raw, first as a spectator, but then attacked members of Nexus, explaining that he would still take down Nexus one by one, despite not having a job in the WWE anymore. On the December 13 episode of Raw, Cena was rehired by Barrett, in exchange that he would face him at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs in a Chairs Match. Prior to TLC, Cena teamed up with Randy Orton and Rey Mysterio to defeat Wade Barrett, The Miz and Alberto Del Rio at The WWE Tribute to the Troops. On December 19 at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs, John Cena was victorious against Wade Barrett in a Chairs match in the main event of the evening.
On the December 27 episode of Raw, The Nexus, minus Wade Barrett, announced they were under new management and offered to bury the hatchet with John Cena, to which Cena refused. The Nexus attacked Cena, leaving a Nexus armband in the ring during the process. As the group retreated, CM Punk, who had attacked Cena with a steel chair twice the week before, came to the ring to, what looked like attack John Cena, but instead put on the armband left behind to symbolically announce his allegiance with The Nexus. The next week, Wade Barrett returned to Raw and confronted CM Punk over the issue of who the leader of The Nexus was and who was responsible for Cena's attack the week before. Barrett was placed into a Triple Threat Steel Cage Match that night that would determine the No. 1 contender for the WWE Championship. CM Punk added his own stipulation to the match saying if Barrett lost, he would be banished from the group, but if he won he would remain leader. Barrett lost the match after CM Punk interfered and ripped off Barrett's armband.
On the January 17 episode of Raw, Cena returned and faced Punk in a match. During the match, a man, who was later revealed as Mason Ryan, attacked Cena. During the 2011 Royal Rumble match, Cena eliminated most of The Nexus, ending his feud with them.
Record-breaking WWE Champion (2011–present)Edit
Cena competed in the 2011 Royal Rumble match at the pay-per-view, making it to the final five before being eliminated by The Miz, the current WWE Champion at the time, who wasn't an official participant in the match. At the Elimination Chamber pay-per-view, Cena won the chamber match to face The Miz at WrestleMania XXVII for the WWE Championship.
On the February 21 episode of Raw, Cena replied to The Rock's comments about him from the previous week, as The Rock returned as the announced guest host of WrestleMania, in the form of a rap. That same night, Cena was placed into a WWE Tag Team Championship match, with him teaming with The Miz, where they defeated Justin Gabriel and Heath Slater to become WWE Tag Team Champions. After the match, Wade Barrett invoked Gabriel and Slater's rematch clause straight away, where they won their titles back after The Miz attacked Cena. Cena and The Rock continued to feud, on-air and through social networks. After weeks of insults, they finally met face-to-face. Cena denied The Rock's claim to truly "love" the WWE, claiming that he used WWE only to jumpstart his acting career, a claim which Johnson angrily refuted. After a brief attack by The Miz and Alex Riley, Cena hit The Rock with the Attitude Adjustment. At WrestleMania, Cena and Miz fought to a double countout. The Rock restarted the match and hit Cena with a Rock Bottom, allowing The Miz to retain. The next night on Raw, Cena, in response to The Rock "screwing" him out of the title, agreed to face him in the main event of WrestleMania XXVIII, making it the first match to be set up for WrestleMania one year in advance. At Extreme Rules, Cena defeated The Miz and John Morrison to become WWE Champion. Cena went on to successfully defend the title against The Miz at Over the Limit in an "I Quit" match and R-Truth at Capitol Punishment
Cena then began a feud with CM Punk, who was leaving the company at Money in the Bank. Punk was enraged at Cena and The Rock, calling them "phonies", already being announced to headline the next WrestleMania, and demanded change. At Money in the Bank, CM Punk defeated Cena to win the WWE Championship, and left the company with the title. After Rey Mysterio was crowned WWE Champion, Cena challenged and defeated him to become WWE Champion for a record-breaking ninth time, only to be interrupted by CM Punk, who too claimed to be champion. Punk again defeated Cena at SummerSlam in a title unification match. After Alberto Del Rio became WWE Champion by cashing in his Money in the Bank briefcase, Cena became number one contender and beat Del Rio at Night of Champions to become WWE Champion for the tenth time. He lost it back to Del Rio at Hell in a Cell, in a Triple Threat Hell in a Cell match also involving CM Punk. Cena lost his rematch to Alberto Del Rio at Vengeance in a Last Man Standing match, due to interference by The Miz and R-Truth. After a few weeks of Miz and Truth attacking Cena and other employees, Cena was allowed to choose his partner to challenge Miz and Truth at Survivor Series. Cena announced he had chosen The Rock as his partner. Leading up to Survivor Series, Cena and The Rock continued to verbally assault each other, reiterating their points for their WrestleMania match, while attacking the "Awesome Truth". At the pay-per-view, after Cena and Rock defeated Miz and Truth, Rock gave Cena another Rock Bottom.
On the December 12 episode of Raw, during his match with Mark Henry, Cena was attacked by the returning Kane. Cena then began a feud with Kane, who continually attacked him, crediting his digust for Cena's "Rise Above Hate" slogan and that Cena would need to embrance the hate in order to defeat The Rock at Wrestlemania. Cena foght Kane to a draw at the Royal Rumble, and then defeated him in an Ambulance match at Elimination Chamber
After Elimination Chamber, Cena and The Rock verbally attacked each other. At WrestleMania XXVIII, Cena faced The Rock in the main event match which had been building for a year and was billed as "once in a lifetime". Cena claimed the match was the most important of his life and that winning was a necessity, since nobody remembers second place. The match ended when Cena attempted the People's Elbow on The Rock, and The Rock countered with a Rock Bottom for the pin.
The following night on Raw, Cena addressed The Rock, admitting defeat and accepting the loss at WrestleMania; Cena then called The Rock the greatest WWE wrestler ever and invited The Rock to the ring so that he could congratulate him. However, Cena's call was answered instead by the returning Brock Lesnar, who then attacked Cena with an F-5. This resulted in Cena feuding with the RAW General Manager John Laurinaitis, who revealed that he signed Lesnar to bring "legitimacy" to WWE and for Lesnar to become its "new face". On April 29 at Extreme Rules, Cena defeated Lesnar in an Extreme Rules match. The next night on Raw, Cena was confronted and then attacked by Laurinaitis, who declared himself Cena's opponent at Over the Limit. Cena would go on to lose the match against Laurinitis due to interference from Big Show. It would then further be announced by Laurinaitis that Cena would be facing Show at No Way Out with the stipulation that dependent on the victor of the match, either Cena or Laurinaitis would be fired. Cena would go on to win the match against Big Show and proceed to do the Attitude Adjustment on Laurinaitis through the announce table, while Vince McMahon fired Laurinaitis.
On the June 25 episode of Raw, Cena announced he would enter his first Money in the Bank ladder match at the Money in the Bank pay-per-view to try and stop the Big Show from winning the contract. At the pay-per-view, Cena won the match over Show, Chris Jericho, Kane and The Miz, earning a contract for a shot at the WWE Championship anytime within a year. On July 23 at Raw 1000, Cena cashed in his Money in the Bank contract on CM Punk to have a match for the title; Cena won the match by disqualification after interference from Big Show, thus becoming the first person to ever cash in a Money in the Bank contract and not win a title. Show continued to attack Cena until The Rock arrived to make the save. The following week on Raw, a WWE Championship number one contenders match between Cena and Show ended in a no contest due to interference from Punk. Following this, both men were entered in the championship match at SummerSlam by Raw General Manager AJ. At the event, however, Cena would be unsuccessful as Punk would go on to retain the title once more. Over the next few weeks, Cena continue feuding with Punk by refusing to call him "best in the world" and fighting him to a draw at Night of Champions on September 16. On September 20, Cena was sidelined with a legitimate arm injury, rendering him inactive. On the October 15 episode of Raw, Cena was replaced by Ryback in a Hell in a Cell match for the WWE Championship at Hell in a Cell. On the November 5 episode of Raw, Cena and Ryback were announced as part of a Triple Threat match for Punk's WWE Championship at Survivor Series, while also starting a feud with Dolph Ziggler over an alleged relationship with AJ Lee. At the pay-per-view on November 19, Punk pinned Cena in the match to retain the championship. Cena continued to feud with Ziggler and on December 16, at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs, lost to him in a ladder match for his World Heavyweight Championship Money in the Bank contract, after AJ turned on Cena. The following night on Raw, Cena teamed with Vickie Guerrero to face Ziggler and AJ in a mixed tag team match, however, the match ended in a disqualification after Cena was attacked by the debuting Big E Langston. Cena then defeated Ziggler on the January 7, 2013 episode of Raw in a singles match, and again in a steel cage match the following week, despite interference from AJ and Langston in both matches.
On January 27 at the Royal Rumble, Cena entered the Rumble at #19 and won the match after last eliminating Ryback, becoming the fourth wrestler (after Hulk Hogan, Shawn Michaels and Stone Cold Steve Austin) to win multiple Rumble matches. The following night on Raw, Cena announced that he would pursue the WWE Championship at Wrestlemania 29, after which, he would be assaulted by The Shield. The following week on Raw, Cena would gain vengeance on the Shield when he, along with Ryback and Sheamus, attacked the stable. This culminated in a six-man tag team match on February 17 at Elimination Chamber, where the Shield emerged victorious. On the February 25 episode of Raw, Cena defeated CM Punk to reaffirm his status as number one contender for the Rock's WWE Championship. Cena then returned to his rivalry with The Rock, with Cena blaming his personal and professional troubles on his loss to the Rock the previous year. On April 7 at WrestleMania 29, Cena defeated Rock in their rematch to win his eleventh WWE Championship. The following night on Raw, Cena began a rivalry with Ryback, after he saved Cena from a post-match assault from Mark Henry only to attack Cena himself. At the same time as his feud with Ryback, Cena would suffer a legitimate achilles tendon injury, while also battling the Shield and facing them in losing efforts. On May 19 at Extreme Rules, Cena retained the WWE Championship against Ryback in a Last Man Standing Match after Ryback rammed Cena and himself into the electric backdrop at the top of the ramp, resulting in a no contest. On June 16 at WWE Payback, Cena defeated Ryback in a 3 Stages of Hell match to retain the WWE Championship, with Cena losing the Lumberjack match and winning the Tables match and the Ambulance match. On the next night, Cena was attacked by the returning Mark Henry who was supposed to announce his "retirement" with World's Strongest Slam.
WWE Studios, a division of WWE which produces and finances motion pictures, produced Cena's first movie — The Marine, which was distributed theatrically by 20th Century Fox America beginning on October 13, 2006. In its first week, the film made approximately US$7 million at the United States box office. After ten weeks in theaters, the film grossed $18.7 million. Once the film was released on DVD, it fared better, making $30 million in rentals in the first twelve weeks.
Cena co-starred in his third film produced by WWE Studios, titled Legendary, which was played in selected theaters starting on September 10, 2010, for a limited time, then it was released on DVD on September 28, 2010.
That same year, Cena starred in the children's film Fred: The Movie, a film based on Lucas Cruikshank's YouTube videos of the same name, where he plays Fred's father. The movie was released on the Nickelodeon channel in September 2010.
During his WWE career, Cena has appeared on ABC's Jimmy Kimmel Live! three times. Cena has also appeared on morning radio shows; including the CBS and XM versions of Opie and Anthony as part of their "walkover" on October 10, 2006. Other appearances have included NBC's Late Night with Conan O'Brien, Fuse's Celebrity Playlist, Fox Sports Net's The Best Damn Sports Show Period, FOX's MADtv, G4's Training Camp (with Shelton Benjamin), and two appearances on MTV's Punk'd (August 2006 and May 2007), as the victim of a practical joke. He also served as a co-presenter, with Hulk Hogan, at the 2005 Teen Choice Awards, as a guest judge during the third week of the 2006 season of Nashville Star, and appeared at the 2007 Nickelodeon UK Kids Choice Awards.
In January 2007, Cena, Batista, and Ashley Massaro appeared representing WWE on an episode of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition, giving the children of the family whose house was being renovated WWE merchandise and eight tickets to WrestleMania 23. Two months later, he and Bobby Lashley appeared on the NBC game show Deal or No Deal as "moral support" to long time WWE fan and front row staple, Rick "Sign Guy" Achberger. Edge and Randy Orton also appeared, but as antagonists. On April 9, 2008, Cena, along with fellow wrestlers Triple H and Chris Jericho, appeared on the Idol Gives Back fund-raising special. In March 2009, Cena made an appearance on Saturday Night Live during the show's cold opening sequence. On March 7, 2009, he was a guest on NPR's quiz show Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! in a Not My Job sequence titled "Sure, pro wrestling is a good gig, but when you win, do they throw teddy bears into the ring?"
In 2001, between his training in Ultimate Pro Wrestling and Ohio Valley Wrestling, Cena was involved in the UPN produced reality show Manhunt. Cena portrayed Big Tim Kingman, leader of the group of bounty hunters who chased down the contestants who acted as fugitives. The show, however, was mired in controversy when it was alleged that the portions of the show were rigged to eliminate certain players, scenes were re-shot or staged to enhance drama and contestants read from scripts.
Cena was also featured on the ABC reality series Fast Cars and Superstars: The Gillette Young Guns Celebrity Race, which aired in June 2007, making it to the final round before being eliminated on June 24, placing third in the competition overall.
In 2007 Cena was also interviewed for the CNN Special Investigations Unit documentary, "Death Grip: Inside Pro Wrestling", which focused on steroid and drug use in professional wrestling. When asked if he had taken steroids he was heard to reply, "I can't tell you that I haven't, but you'll never prove that I have." The day after the documentary aired WWE accused CNN of taking Cena's comments out of context to present a biased point of view, backing up their claim by posting an unedited video of his answering the same question—filmed by WWE cameras from another angle—in which he is heard beginning the same statement with "Absolutely not". A text interview on the website with Cena later had him saying the news outlet should apologize for misrepresenting him, which CNN refused in a statement, saying they felt the true answer to the question began with the phrase "My answer to that question". They did, however, edit the documentary on subsequent airings to include the "Absolutely not".
John Cena has granted over 300 wishes for Arizona children with life-threatening illnesses through the Make-A-Wish Foundation, and is the biggest wish granter in Make-A-Wish history. In 2009, Cena received the Chris Greicius Celebrity Award.
Before his professional wrestling career, Cena appeared in an advertisement for Gold's Gym. As a wrestler he has endorsed the energy drink YJ Stinger, appearing in commercials beginning in October 2003, and Subway, for whom he filmed advertisements with their spokesperson Jared Fogle in November 2006 that began airing the next January. For a time in 2007 he also endorsed two "signature collections" of energy drinks and energy bars sold by American Body Builders. In 2008, Cena filmed a commercial as part of Gillette's "Young Guns" NASCAR campaign.
In 2009, Cena expanded his relationship with Gillette by introducing a new online campaign called "Be A Superstar" featuring himself alongside WWE Superstars Chris Jericho and Cody Rhodes. The campaign features motivational videos.
For the extent of his WWE career, Cena's attire has attempted to reflect the most current fashions and stylings within the hip hop culture that his character represents. Cena started out wearing "throwback jerseys" until WWE produced specific Cena merchandise which he began wearing. While Cena was a member of the SmackDown! brand, one of his WWE produced t-shirts bore the suggestive spoonerism "Ruck Fules". Whenever it appeared on television the image was censored, not by the network, but by WWE to sell more shirts under the premise that it was "too hot for TV." He also wore a chain with a large padlock, occasionally using it as a weapon, until WrestleMania 21, when it was replaced with a chromed and diamond studded "Chain Gang" spinner medallion—reminiscent of the ones worn by members of G-Unit—matching his spinner title belt.
Around the time The Marine was released, Cena began wearing attire more military related, including camouflage shorts, dog tags, a Marine soldier cap and a WWE produced shirt with the legend "Chain Gang Assault Battalion." Shortly after WrestleMania 23, when promotion for The Marine ended, the military attire diminished and was replaced with apparel bearing his new slogan "American Made Muscle" along with denim shorts, not seen since he was a member of the SmackDown roster. He then wore shirts that promoted Cenation and his trademark line "You Can't See Me." From late 2011 until Wrestlemania XXVIII, Cena again switched to camo shorts (honoring the U.S. Armed Forces), to coinincide with his black "Rise Above Hate" T-shirt promoting WWE's "Be a Star" anti-bullying campaign. On September 16, 2012, Cena debuted a new pink and black t-shirt and cap combo with the phrase "Rise Above Cancer" that he wore through October in partnership with Susan G. Komen for the Cure in honor of breast cancer awareness month.
Sample from "The Time Is Now" by John Cena & Tha Trademarc.
|Problems listening to this file? See media help.|
In addition to his wrestling career, Cena is a rapper and a hip hop musician. Cena performed his fifth WWE theme song, "Basic Thugonomics," himself, and it was featured on the WWE soundtrack album WWE Originals. He also recorded a song,"Untouchables", for the company's next soundtrack album WWE ThemeAddict: The Music, Vol. 6. He collaborated on the song H-U-S-T-L-E remix along with Murs, E-40, and Chingo Bling.
Cena's debut album, You Can't See Me, was recorded with his cousin Tha Trademarc. It features, amongst other songs, his entrance theme, "The Time is Now", and the single "Bad, Bad Man", for which a music video was made that parodied 1980s culture, including the television show The A-Team. A video was also made for the second single, "Right Now," and premiered on the August 8 Raw. Cena and Tha Trademarc were later featured on a track by The Perceptionists named "Champion Scratch." Cena will appear on Tionne "T-Boz" Watkins' upcoming album Still Cool featuring other guests.
- You Can't See Me (with Tha Trademarc)
|2000||Ready to Rumble||Gym Trainer||Uncredited extra|
|2006||The Marine||John Triton|
|2009||12 Rounds||Danny Fisher|
|Fred: The Movie||Fred's Imaginary Dad|
|2011||The Reunion||Sam Cleary|
|Fred 2: Night of the Living Fred||Fred's Imaginary Dad|
|2012||Fred 3: Camp Fred||Fred's Imaginary Dad|
|2013||Fred 4||Fred's Imaginary Dad|
|2014||Scooby Doo: The Curse of the Ghost Bear|
|2009||Saturday Night Live||Himself||Tracy Morgan/Kelly Clarkson (season 34: episode 18)|
|2010||Psych||Ewan O'Hara||"You Can't Handle This Episode" (season 4: episode 10)|
|True Jackson, VP||Himself||"Pajama Party" (season 2: episode 12)|
|Hannah Montana||Himself||"Love That Lets Go" (season 4: episode 9)|
|Generator Rex||Hunter Cain|| Voice role|
"The Hunter" (season 1: episode 13)
- Non-acting appearances
|2007||Fast Cars and Superstars: The Gillette Young Guns Celebrity Race|
|2012||The Chew||Guest appearance (March 21, 2012)|
Cena writes left-handed. He is a fan of Japanese anime and has mentioned that his favorite anime movie is Fist of the North Star. He has also said he is a fan of the video game series Command & Conquer and noted that it was his favorite game. Cena is also a fan of the Boston Red Sox, Tampa Bay Rays, New England Patriots, Boston Celtics and English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur, and Scottish premier league side Celtic F.C.. Cena collects muscle cars and has over 20, some of which are one-of-a-kind.
While promoting his 2009 film, 12 Rounds, Cena announced his engagement to his girlfriend Elizabeth Huberdeau. They were married on July 11, 2009. On May 1, 2012, Cena filed for a divorce, and the divorce was settled by July 18. In November 2012, TMZ reported that Cena is dating WWE Diva Nikki Bella.
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
- Diving leg drop bulldog
- Dropkick, sometimes from the top rope
- Elbow drop
- Emerald Flowsion
- Five Knuckle Shuffle (Running delayed fist drop, with "U ₡ ME" theatrics, sometimes diving from the top rope)
- Monkey flip
- Multiple suplex variations
- Running leaping shoulder block
- Running one–handed bulldog
- Sitout hip toss
- Sitout powerbomb
- Spinebuster – 2002–2005; used rarely thereafter
- Spin-out powerbomb
- Throwback (Running neck snap to a bent–over opponent) – 2002–2011
- Entrance themes
- "Slam Smack" by R. Hardy (FirstCom Production Music) (June 27, 2002 – November 7, 2002)
- "Insert Bass Here" by DJ Case (FirstCom Production Music) (November 14, 2002 – February 13, 2003)
- "Basic Thuganomics" by John Cena (March 27, 2003 – March 10, 2005; April 5, 2009 for his entrance at WrestleMania XXV; March 12, 2012 for his "Cena Rap" against The Rock)
- "We Are One" by 12 Stones (October 3, 2010 – November 21, 2010; used While a part of Nexus)
- "The Time is Now" by John Cena and Tha Trademarc (March 17, 2005–present)
Championships and accomplishmentsEdit
- Ohio Valley Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI Feud of the Year (2006) vs. Edge
- PWI Feud of the Year (2011) vs. CM Punk
- PWI Match of the Year (2007) vs. Shawn Michaels on Raw on April 23
- PWI Match of the Year (2011) vs. CM Punk at Money in the Bank
- PWI Most Improved Wrestler of the Year (2003)
- PWI Most Popular Wrestler of the Year (2004, 2005, 2007)
- PWI Wrestler of the Year (2006, 2007)
- PWI ranked #1 of the top 500 singles wrestlers in the PWI 500 in 2006 and 2007
- Pro Wrestling Report
- Ultimate Pro Wrestling
- UPW Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- World Wrestling Entertainment
- WWE Championship (11 times, current)
- World Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
- WWE United States Championship (3 times)
- WWE Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with The Miz (1) and David Otunga (1)
- World Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Batista (1) and Shawn Michaels (1)
- Mr. Money in the Bank (2012 - WWE Championship contract)
- Royal Rumble (2008, 2013)
- Slammy Award for Superstar of the Year – 2009, 2010 and 20121
- Slammy Award for Holy $#!+ Move of the Year (2010) Sends Batista through the stage with an Attitude Adjustment.
- Slammy Award for Game Changer of the Year (2011) – with The Rock
- Slammy Award for Insult of the Year (2012) - To Dolph Ziggler & Vickie Guerrero: "You're the exact opposite. One enjoys eating a lot of nuts and the other is still trying to find his."
- Slammy Award for Kiss of the Year (2012) – with AJ Lee
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- 5 Star Match (2011) vs. CM Punk at Money in the Bank on July 17
- Wrestler of the Year (2007, 2010)
- Best Box Office Draw (2007)
- Best Gimmick (2003)
- Best on Interviews (2007)
- Feud of the Year (2011) vs. CM Punk
- Match of the Year (2011) vs. CM Punk at Money in the Bank on July 17
- Most Charismatic (2006–2010)
- Most Charismatic of the Decade (2000–2009)
- Worst Feud of the Year (2012) vs. Kane
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (2012) vs. John Laurinaitis at Over the Limit on May 20
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 2012)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 John Cena: My Life (DVD). World Wrestling Entertainment. 2007.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 "OWOW Profile". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/bios/j/john-cena/. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "John Cena's WWE History". UPW. http://classic-web.archive.org/web/20070610014840/http://www.upw.com/features/cenahistory.htm. Retrieved July 4, 2007.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "John Cena". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/superstars/raw/johncena/. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 "SLAM! Sports biography". CANOE. February 6, 2005. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Bios/cena.html. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- ↑ Keck, William (October 8, 2006). "A new action star/femme fatale pairing?". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/news/2006-10-08-cena-carlson_x.htm. Retrieved March 27, 2007. "At his Tampa home, Cena maintains a humidor that holds more than 300 cigars."
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "UPW: John "Prototype" Cena". UPW. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080417201115/http://www.upw.com/superstars/prototype.htm. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- ↑ Sokol, Bryan (December 20, 2010). "TLC delivers highs, lows and a new champ". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2010/12/20/16615521.html. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
- ↑ "9 WWE Titles". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nightofchampions/2011/wwe-championship-match. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "WWWF/WWE United States Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles. http://www.wrestling-titles.com/wwf/wwf-us-h.html. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 "WWWF/WWF/WWE World Tag Team Title". Wrestling-Titles. http://www.wrestling-titles.com/wwf/wwf-t.html. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 "Royal Rumble 2008 results". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/wweppv/royalrumble08.html. Retrieved January 29, 2008.
- ↑ Luce, Patrick (January 4, 2007). "WWE Superstar John Cena bust onto DVD with The Marine". Monster & Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/dvd/news/article_1239672.php. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
- ↑ Albright, Bob (June 11, 2007). "Heavyweight homecoming: WWE champion John Cena reflects on road to stardom". The Daily News of Newburyport. http://www.newburyportnews.com/sports/x845810493/Heavyweight-homecoming-WWE-champion-John-Cena-reflects-on-road-to-stardom. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- ↑ "John Cena: The Champ is Here". IGN. http://sports.ign.com/articles/607/607819p2.html. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 "1998 Football Roster". Springfield College. http://www.spfldcol.edu/homepage/athletics.nsf/2404afe7dd4d7ef545256bf4002a67e2/57db02504b5554ff45256c150026822c. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena: biography". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on May 10, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070510001053/http://shopping.yahoo.com/p:John+Cena:1927836016:page=biography. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena Bulldog Basketball Jersey". WWE. http://shopzone.wwe.com/Product_detail.asp?cat=cat-johncena&productId=01-08596. Retrieved May 6, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena Personalized Beware of Dog Football Jersey". WWE. http://shopzone.wwe.com/Product_detail.asp?cat=cat-johncena&productId=01-09163. Retrieved January 3, 2008.
- ↑ "John Cena star bio". Tribute.ca. http://www.tribute.ca/people/John+Cena/17152. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "Whatever Happened to Manhunt's "Big Tim"?". Reality News Online. http://www.realitynewsonline.com/cgi-bin/ae.pl?mode=1&article=article1970.art&page=1. Retrieved June 13, 2006.
- ↑ Perkins, Brad (February 2001). "Training Ground". Wrestling Digest. Archived from the original on February 24, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090224075721/http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCO/is_5_2/ai_68951389?tag=artBody;col1. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- ↑ "Inside WWE's New Magazine". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/archive/062606newmagazine. Retrieved May 5, 2007. "Who would have guessed John Cena was once a limo driver"
- ↑ "Ultimate University/UPW alumni". UPW. Archived from the original on April 1, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070401054209/http://www.upw.com/uu/alumni.htm. Retrieved March 29, 2007.
- ↑ "WWE: Why John Cena Is the Face of the WWE and Why He Shouldn't Turn Heel". Bleacher Report. March 4, 2011. http://bleacherreport.com/articles/626918-wwe-why-john-cena-is-the-face-of-the-wwe-and-why-he-shouldnt-turn-heel. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 "UPW Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles. http://www.wrestling-titles.com/us/ca/la/upw/upw-h.html. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- ↑ "Ohio Valley Wrestling results (2001)". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/ovw/_2001/. Retrieved July 4, 2007.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 "OVW Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles. http://www.wrestling-titles.com/us/ky/ovw/ovw-h.html. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 "John Cena profile". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/profiles/j/john-cena.html.
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 "OVW Southern Tag Team Title". Wrestling-Titles. http://www.wrestling-titles.com/us/ky/ovw/ovw-t.html. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 Hamilton, Ian. Wrestling's Sinking Ship (p.67)
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 "SmackDown! results – June 27, 2002". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/020627.html. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – October 10, 2002". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/021010.html. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena's variant of the 80s WWF logo". WWEOzShop.com. http://www.wweozshop.com/show_products.php?p_id=65. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – March 6, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/030306.html. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – March 13, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/030313.html. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – March 20, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/030320.html. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ Hamilton, Ian. Wrestling's Sinking Ship (p.68)
- ↑ "Backlash 2003 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/backlash.html#2003. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – November 13, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/031113.html. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
- ↑ "Survivor Series 2003 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/survivor.html#2003. Retrieved December 29, 2007.
- ↑ "Royal Rumble 2004 results". Pro Wrestling History. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/rumble.html#2004. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "Chris Benoit (spot No. 1) wins the Royal Rumble Match". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/royalrumble/history/1988118/mainevent/. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – January 29, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/040129.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – February 19, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/040219.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "WrestleMania XX results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/mania.html#20. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – April 29, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/040429.html. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – July 8, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/040708.html. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
- ↑ "No Mercy 2004 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/nomercy.html#2004. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – October 7, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/041007.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – October 14, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/041014.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – November 11, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/041111.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – November 18, 2004". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/041118.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena's Second Reign as US Champion". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/unitedstates/30445411131. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling’s Historical Cards (Kappa Publishing): p. 117. 2007.
- ↑ "No Way Out 2005 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/nowayout.html#2005. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – March 3, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/050303.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "SmackDown! results – March 10, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/050310.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "WrestleMania 21 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/mania.html#21. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ 60.0 60.1 "SmackDown! results – April 14, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/050414.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "Judgment Day 2005 results". Pro Wrestling history. Archived from the original on May 7, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070507014206/http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/judgement.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ Evans, Ant. "Power Slam". What’s going down... (SW Publishing LTD): p. 4. 132.
- ↑ "RAW results – June 6, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/050606.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – July 11, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/050711.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "SummerSlam 2005 recap". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/recaps/ppv/20050821.shtml. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
- ↑ Scaia, Rick. "RAW results – October 25, 2005". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/recaps/raw/20051024.shtml. Retrieved June 10, 2007. "Cena's in the ring marinating in a mixture of 75% squeals and 25% boos"
- ↑ "RAW results – August 22, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/050822.html. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ Scaia, Rick. "RAW results – January 3, 2006". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/recaps/raw/20060102.shtml. Retrieved June 10, 2007. "it seemed like the entire state of New Jersey showed up to boo John Cena out of the building."
- ↑ "All The Angle That's Fit To Print, plus TONS of Other Catch-up News". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/columns/oo/20060927.shtml. Retrieved June 10, 2007.
- ↑ "Unforgiven 2005 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/unforgiven.html#2005. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "Survivor Series 2005 results". Pro Wrestling history. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/survivor.html#2005. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – November 28, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/051128.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ 73.0 73.1 "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling’s Historical Cards (Kappa Publishing): p. 119. 2007.
- ↑ Scaia, Rick. "RAW results – March 20, 2006". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/recaps/raw/20060320.shtml. Retrieved July 10, 2007. "For Cena's initial entrance, it's high pitched squeals, and the requisite 40–50% boos ... there were significant cheers for Trips, which is the REAL issue in play, here."
- ↑ "RAW results – April 2, 2006". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/recaps/raw/20060403.shtml. Retrieved July 10, 2007. "What [Cena] hears is the same thing he heard last night: 10,000 lustily booing the hell out of him, and maybe 5,000 frantically cheering to try to match that volume level."
- ↑ 76.0 76.1 76.2 "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling’s Historical Cards (Kappa Publishing): pp. 121–122. 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – July 3, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/060703.html. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "Saturday Night's Main Event results – July 15, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/snme/060715.html. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – August 21, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/060821.html. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – August 28, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/060828.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "Unforgiven 2006 results". Pro Wrestling History. http://prowrestlinghistory.com/supercards/usa/wwf/unforgiven.html#2006. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – September 18, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/060918.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ 83.0 83.1 "RAW results – October 16, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/061016.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – November 27, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/061127.html. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – January 1, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/070101.html. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated, May 2007". Arena Reports (Kappa Publishing): p. 134. May 2007.
- ↑ McElvaney, Kevin (June 2007). "Pro Wrestling Illustrated, July 2007". WrestleMania 23 (Kappa Publishing): pp. 74–101.
- ↑ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated, July 2007". Arena reports (Kappa Publishing): p. 133. June 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – April 30, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/070430.html. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – May 7, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/070507.html. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- ↑ "WWE Judgment Day 2007 Results". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/wweppv/judgementday07.html. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- ↑ Dee, Louie (May 20, 2007). "Judgment Day 2007 Results: Goliath goes down". WWE. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080501164208/http://www.wwe.com/shows/judgmentday/history/2007/matches/4124402/results/. Retrieved July 6, 2007. "It was truly an impressive (and improbable) victory for the WWE Champion, magnified even more by the fact that he made Khali do something he’d never done before: tap out."
- ↑ "RAW results – May 21, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/070521.html. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- ↑ Clayton, Coret (June 3, 2007). "One Night Stand 2007 Results: Crafty Cena conquers, pins Great Khali". WWE. Archived from the original on July 6, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070606082019/http://www.wwe.com/shows/ecw/shows1/onenightstand/matches/4362508/results/. Retrieved July 6, 2007. "The Champ had beaten the never-pinned monster."
- ↑ "RAW results – July 30, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/070730.html. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- ↑ "SummerSlam 2007 Results". WWE. August 26, 2007. Archived from the original on August 29, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070829020754/http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam07/matches/3900088/results/. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
- ↑ "Unforgiven 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. http://www.pwwew.net/ppv/wwf/september/2007.htm. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
- ↑ 98.0 98.1 Dr. James Andrews (October 4, 2007) (WMV). Exclusive footage: John Cena surgery. WWE. http://www.wwe.com/content/media/video/vms/raw/2007/october1-7/5581280. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
- ↑ Robinson, Bryan. "Cena out with pec tear, must surrender WWE title". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/10012007/articles/cenainjuryupdate. Retrieved January 29, 2008.
- ↑ "John Cena speaks out for the first time since his surgery". WWE. October 8, 2007. http://www.wwe.com/content/media/video/vms/raw/2007/october8-14/5609240. Retrieved October 29, 2007.
- ↑ "Mr. McMahon vacates Cena's WWE Championship". WWE. October 2, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011001846/http://www.wwe.com/shows/nomercy/exclusives/cenamcmahonannounce. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
- ↑ "Inside WWE > Title History > WWE Championship". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/wwechampionship/. Retrieved October 2, 2007.
- ↑ John Cena begins road to recovery (WMV). WWE. October 10, 2007. http://www.wwe.com/content/media/video/vms/none/2007/october15-21/5675400?zone=raw_index. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- ↑ "WWE RAW Results – December 24, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/071224.html. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW results – January 28, 2008". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/080128.html. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ "No Way Out 2008 results". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/wweppv/nowayout08.html. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- ↑ "Raw results – February 18, 2008". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/raw/080218.html. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ "WrestleMania XXIV results". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/wweppv/wrestlemania24.html. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ 109.0 109.1 Hillhouse, Dave (April 28, 2008). "HHH reigns again after Backlash". SLAM! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/04/28/5407546.html. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- ↑ Kapur, Bob (May 18, 2008). "Judgment Day spoils streak of good shows". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/05/18/5609326.html. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
- ↑ "WWE One Night Stand 2008". PWWEW.net. http://www.pwwew.net/ppv/wwf/june/2008-01.htm. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- ↑ Hillhouse, Dave (July 20, 2008). "The Great American Soap Opera". Slam! Sports (Canadian Online Explorer). http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/07/20/6215361.html. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ↑ Sitterson, Aubrey (August 5, 2008). "Championship scramble". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/08042008/. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- ↑ Sitterson, Aubrey (August 11, 2008). "Bracing for a SummerSlam". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/results/. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale; Nick Tylwalk (August 17, 2008). "SummerSlam comes close to 'blockbuster' status". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/08/17/6484406.html. Retrieved August 12, 2009.
- ↑ Sitterson, Aubrey (May 28, 2008). "Championship scramble". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/results/. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
- ↑ "Cena out, vows to return". World Wrestling Entertainment. August 26, 2008. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/cenaoutvowstoreturn. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
- ↑ "John Cena: Post-surgery interview". World Wrestling Entertainment. August 26, 2008. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/cenasurgeryinterview. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
- ↑ "John Cena def. World Heavyweight Champion Chris Jericho". World Wrestling Entertainment. November 23, 2008. http://www.wwe.com/shows/survivorseries/2008/matches/8464612. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "World Heavyweight Champion John Cena def. Chris Jericho". World Wrestling Entertainment. December 14, 2008. http://www.wwe.com/shows/armageddon/2008/8728776. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "Edge wins World Heavyweight Title Elimination Chamber Match". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nowayout/2009/9229100. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ Passero, Mitch (April 5, 2009). "Cena reclaims his gold". World Wrestling Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 18, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5hby7JFXW. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- ↑ "Edge def. John Cena in Last Man Standing Match (New World Heavyweight Champion)". World Wrestling Entertainment. April 26, 2009. http://www.wwe.com/shows/backlash/currentepisode/9808960. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "John Cena def. Big Show". World Wrestling Entertainment. May 17, 2009. http://www.wwe.com/shows/judgmentday/2009/10109268. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- ↑ "John Cena def. Big Show (Submission Match)". World Wrestling Entertainment. June 7, 2009. http://www.wwe.com/shows/extremerules/history/2009/matches/10247542. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "WWE Champion Randy Orton def. Triple H & John Cena". World Wrestling Entertainment. July 26, 2009. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nightofchampions/2009/matches/10729722. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- ↑ "John Cena def. Randy Orton ("I Quit" Match - New WWE Champion)". World Wrestling Entertainment. September 13, 2009. http://www.wwe.com/shows/wwebreakingpoint/2009/11401128. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ Sokol, Chris; Sokol, Brian (October 7, 2009). "Title changes highlight Hell in a Cell". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2009/10/05/11300786.html. Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- ↑ Tello, Craig (October 25, 2009). "One Hour, Anything Goes WWE Iron Man Match scorecard". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/wwebraggingrights/wwebraggingrightshistory/2009/exclusives/ironscorecard. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (December 13, 2009). "Caldwell's WWE TLC PPV Report 12/13". PWTorch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/PPV_Reports_5/article_37357.shtml. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale; Nick Tylwalk (February 22, 2010). "Batista, Jericho and Michaels capitalize on Elimination Chamber opportunities". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/02/22/12977706.html. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (February 22, 2010). "Taking the bull by the horns". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/02222010/. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (March 28, 2010). "Results:Cena uncorks the "Champ pain"". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://wwe.sify.com/shows/articles/Results_Cena_uncorks_the_Champ_pain-237900. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- ↑ "WWE Champion John Cena def. Batista (Last Man Standing Match)". World Wrestling Entertainment. April 25, 2010. http://www.wwe.com/shows/extremerules/currentepisode/14041538. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ Bishop, Matt (May 23, 2010). "Batista quits to end disappointing Over The Limit". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2010/05/23/14059136.html. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- ↑ "CANOE – SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – RAW: Vote early, vote often; NXT takes over". Slam.canoe.ca. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/06/08/14303706.html. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
- ↑ Eck, Kevin (June 21, 2010). "Fatal Fourway thoughts". The Baltimore Sun. http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/sports/wrestling/blog/2010/06/fatal_fourway_thoughts.html#more. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (July 18, 2010). "WWE Champion Sheamus def. John Cena (Steel Cage Match)". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/moneyinthebank/currentepisode/14882700. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "Team WWE def. The Nexus (Elimination Tag Team Match)". World Wrestling Entertainment. August 15, 2010. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam/currentepisode/15092924. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ Hillhouse, Dave (October 4, 2010). "Hell in a Cell: Betrayal, fan interference, and flying shoes". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/10/04/15570631.html. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- ↑ 141.0 141.1 141.2 Sokol, Bryan (October 25, 2010). "Cena central to Bragging Rights; Smackdown wins again". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2010/10/25/15816946.html. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- ↑ Wilkenfeld, Daniel (October 25, 2010). "Caldwell's WWE Raw results 10/25". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_44793.shtml. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (November 22, 2010). "The fate of Cena is finally decided at so-so Survivor Series". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2010/11/22/16256891.html. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale (November 22, 2010). "RAW: The Miz cashes in as Nexus costs Orton WWE title". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/11/22/16270746.html. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale (December 7, 2010). "RAW: Cena pushes Nexus, Barrett to the breaking point". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/12/07/16454056.html. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale (December 13, 2010). "RAW: The Slammy Awards falls flat". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/12/13/16539736.html. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (December 27, 2010). "N-listing Punk". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/12272010. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (January 3, 2011). "Steel resolve". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/01032011/. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (January 31, 2011). "It's good to be "King"". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/01312011/. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ↑ Adkins, Greg (February 21, 2011). "Intermitten reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/results/. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ↑ Plummer, Dale (March 28, 2011). "RAW: One last push toward Wrestlemania". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2011/03/28/17788296.html. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- ↑ 152.0 152.1 "Results:WWE Champion The Miz def. John Cena". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/wrestlemania/27/miz-cena. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- ↑ Wortman, James. "WWE: Homepage > TV Shows > WWE Over The Limit > WWE Over The Limit 2011 > WWE Champion John Cena vs. The Miz ("I Quit" Match)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/wweoverthelimit/2011/cena-miz-wwe-title. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- ↑ Wortman, James. "WWE Champion John Cena vs. R-Truth". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/capitolpunishment/2011/25019952. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- ↑ "WWE Chairman Vince McMahon suspends CM Punk". World Wrestling Entertainment. June 28, 2011. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2011-06-27/mcmahon-suspends-punk. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- ↑ James Wortman (July 4, 2011). "Raw results: Stars and gripes". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2011-07-04/results. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- ↑ Tello, Craig (July 17, 2011). "Homepage > TV Shows > Money in the Bank > Money in the Bank 2011 > CM Punk def. John Cena (New WWE Champion)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/moneyinthebank/2011/cena-punk. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
- ↑ Rey Mysterio relinquishes belt on Raw (July 26, 2011). "Story:Title Glory for Cena". Sky Sports. http://www.skysports.com/story/0,19528,14203_7063250,00.html. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
- ↑ "John Cena vs. CM Punk – Undisputed WWE Championship Match". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam/2011/cena-punk-wwe-title. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- ↑ Murphy, Ryan. "John Cena def. Alberto Del Rio (New WWE Champion)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nightofchampions/2011/25031154. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- ↑ "WWE Championship Triple Threat Hell in a Cell Match". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/hellinacell/2011/wwe-title-triple-threat-match. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ↑ "WWE Championship Last Man Standing Match". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/vengeance/john-cena-vs-alberto-del-rio. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- ↑ "The Miz and R-Truth vs. John Cena and The Rock". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/survivorseries/2011/cena-rock-miz-truth. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (December 12, 2011). "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 12/12". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_55940.shtml. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ↑ "RAW Results – December 19, 2011". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2011-12-19/results. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- ↑ Murphy, Ryan (2011-12-26). "WWE Raw SuperShow results: Kane rises to hate". WWE.com. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2011-12-26/results. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- ↑ Mitch Passero (January 30, 2012). "John Cena vs. Kane (Double Count-Out)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/royalrumble/2012/john-cena-kane. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- ↑ Giannini, Alex (February 6, 2012). "John Cena vs. Kane (Ambulance Match)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/eliminationchamber/2012/cena-kane-ambulance-match. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- ↑ Caldwell, James. "CALDWELL'S WWE WRESTLEMANIA 28 PPV REPORT 4/1". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_59831.shtml. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (2 April 2012). "Caldwell's WWE Raw results 4/2". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_59908.shtml. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- ↑ Larnick, Eric (3 April 2012). "WWE Raw Recap: Brock Lesnar Returns, The Rock Wants World Title". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/eric-larnick/wwe-raw-recap-april-2-2012_b_1400156.html. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- ↑ Fishman, Scott (4 April 2012). "Brock Lesnar back in WWE; Daniel Bryan emerges". The Miami Herald. http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/04/03/2728820/brock-lesnar-back-in-wwe-daniel.html. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (9 April 2012). "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 4/9". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_60192.shtml. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- ↑ Rowe, Jeff (10 April 2012). "Brock to face Cena in WWE return". The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/sport/wrestling/4248572/Brock-Lesnar-to-face-John-Cena-in-WWE-return-at-Extreme-Rules.html. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (16 April 2012). "WWE News: Stipulation added to Cena-Lesnar Extreme Rules PPV main event (w/Analysis)". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/WWE_News_3/article_60434.shtml. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- ↑ Caldwell, James (29 April 2012). "Caldwell's WWE Extreme Rules PPV Report 4/29". Pro Wrestling Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_60881.shtml. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- ↑ "FCW Star Asks For Help, Cena Vs. Laurinaitis News, Extreme Reunion Attendance, Taker Shirt". WrestlingInc.com. 2012-05-04. http://www.wrestlinginc.com/wi/news/2012/0504/552328/john-laurinaitis/. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
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- ↑ http://www.wwe.com/shows/nowayout/2012/no-way-out-2012-results
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 6/25". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_62762.shtml.
- ↑ Money in the Bank Ladder Match for a WWE Championship Contract, WWE, http://www.wwe.com/shows/moneyinthebank/2012/wwe-championship-money-in-the-bank-ladder-match, retrieved 2012-06-25
- ↑ Styles, Joey (23 July 2012). "Was CM Punk justified?". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2012-07-23/was-cm-punk-justified. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- ↑ Martin, Todd (23 July 2012). "Raw 1000th Episode Report". Wrestling Observer. http://www.f4wonline.com/more/more-top-stories/3-news/26687-raw-1000th-episode-report-by-todd-martin. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
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- ↑ "SummerSlam | Matches, Results, Videos, Photos, and More". WWE.com. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- ↑ "WWE Champion CM Punk vs. John Cena ended in a draw". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nightofchampions/2012/john-cena-cm-punk-26048109. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
- ↑ "John Cena undergoes arm surgery?". WWE. 18 September 2012. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2012-09-17/cena-undergoes-arm-surgery-26053092. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- ↑ Giannini, Alex (2012-10-16). "Did John Cena 'pass the torch' to Ryback on Raw?". WWE.com. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/2012-10-15/did-john-cena-pass-the-torch-to-ryback-on-raw-26060556. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- ↑ "WWE Championship Triple Threat Match". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/survivorseries/2012/cm-punk-john-cena-ryback-26066289. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- ↑ Murphy, Ryan (November 19, 2012). "WWE Champion CM Punk def. John Cena and Ryback (Triple Threat Match)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/survivorseries/2012/cm-punk-john-cena-ryback-2606628. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- ↑ Styles, Irfan Nasir (2012-12-16). "WWE.com: Dolph Ziggler def. John Cena (Ladder Match for the World Heavyweight Championship Money in the Bank contract)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/wwetlc/2012/john-cena-dolph-ziggler-26073199. Retrieved 2012-12-16. "Dolph Ziggler def. John Cena (Ladder Match for the World Heavyweight Championship Money in the Bank contract)"
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 12/17". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_67322.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 1/7". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_67712.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 1/14". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_67856.shtml.
- ↑ "Full list of Royal Rumble Match participants and eliminations". WWE. January 28, 2012. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. http://www.webcitation.org/6E3bwS0WP. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 1/28". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_68224.shtml.
- ↑ "WWE Raw Report CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 2/4". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_68402.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE ELIMINATION CHAMBER PPV RESULTS 2/17". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_68713.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 2/25". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_68918.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 3/4". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_69088.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 3/25". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_69509.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE WRESTLEMANIA 29 PPV RESULTS". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_69830.shtml.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 4/8". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_69884.shtml.
- ↑ "RYBACK SAYS HE’S THE VILLAIN AGAINST CENA, CM PUNK NOT WORKING LIVE EVENTS & MORE". http://www.sescoops.com/cm-punk-not-working-live-events-another-heel-tweet-from-ryback-more/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cm-punk-not-working-live-events-another-heel-tweet-from-ryback-more.
- ↑ "WWE NEWS: Update - John Cena injured according to WWE". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/WWE_News_3/article_70269.shtml#.UZeLcbWG3Cc.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 4/29 (Hour 3)". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_70289.shtml#.UZeOKrWG3Cc.
- ↑ "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 5/6 (Hour 3)". http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_70423.shtml#.UZeQFrWG3Cc.
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- ↑ Trionfo, Richard. "WWE RAW REPORT: TOO McMANY McMAHONS?; WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU ARE NO LONG A HEYMAN 'CLIENT'; MARK HENRY GIVES AN EMOTIONAL SPEECH; A SCARE FOR DANIEL BRYAN; IS STEPHANIE MCMAHON THE NEW KAREN JARRETT?; WHAT IF PEOPLE DON'T COME OUT DURING PROMO SEGMENTS, HOW WOULD WE GET MATCHES?; AND MORE". PWInsider. http://www.pwinsider.com/article/78330/wwe-raw-report-too-mcmany-mcmahons-what-happens-when-you-are-no-long-a-heyman-client-mark-henry-gives-an-emotional-speech-a-scare-for-daniel-bryan-is-stephanie-mcmahon-the-new-karen-jarrett-what-if-people-dont-come-out-during-promo-segments-how-would-we-get-matches-and-more.html?p=1. Retrieved June 20.
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- ↑ "Go Sick: Psycho Auditions". AtomFilms. http://www.atomfilms.com/film/go_sick_psycho.jsp. Retrieved April 6, 2007.
- ↑ Medalis, Kara A. (October 26, 2007). "Cena on Nick U.K. Kids' Choice Awards". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/overtheropes/news/cenanickuk. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
- ↑ Hunt, Jen; Mike McAvennie. "WWE Superstars aid family's "Extreme Makeover"". WWE. Archived from the original on January 15, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070115030617/http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/homemakeover. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- ↑ John Cena, Batista, and Ashley on Extreme Makeover: Home Edition (WMV). WWE. Archived from the original on June 26, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070626131807/http://www.wwe.com/content/media/video/specialty_clips/wwehomemakeover. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
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- ↑ "Tracy Morgan/Kelly Clarkson". Saturday Night Live. NBC. March 14, 2009. No. 654, season 34. 90–92 minutes in.
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- ↑ "Article on Manhunt". Reality TV Hall of Shame. http://www.realitytvhallofshame.com/cgi-bin/ae.pl?mode=4&article=article1062.art&page=1. Retrieved June 13, 2006.
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- ↑ Medalis, Kara A. (March 12, 2007). "Cena gets revved up". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/cenarevvedup. Retrieved March 20, 2007.
- ↑ Medalis, Kara A. (June 25, 2007). "Cena races into third on 'Fast Cars' finale". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/cenanascar5. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
- ↑ Atkinson, Dan (November 13, 2007). "WWE wrestles CNN over Cena interview response". The Daily News of Newburyport. http://www.newburyportnews.com/punews/local_story_317094010. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- ↑ "Cena: Steroids? Absolutely not". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/inside/cenaoncnnvideo/. Retrieved November 18, 2007.
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- ↑ 238.0 238.1 Ganska, Helen (October 12, 2008). "WWE champion John Cena to host Nickelodeon awards". The Sunday Times (Western Australia). Archived from the original on June 18, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5hbyBMmEK. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- ↑ Goldman, Eric (August 5, 2009). "WWE's John Cena Guests on Psych". IGN. http://tv.ign.com/articles/101/1011064p1.html. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
- ↑ Medalis, Kara A. (2012-06-20). "John Cena grants his 300th wish with Make-A-Wish". WWE.com. http://www.wwe.com/inside/overtheropes/wweinyourcorner/john-cena-300th-wish. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- ↑ Soto, Javier. "WWE superstar John Cena receives Make-a-Wish honor". azfamily.com. http://www.azfamily.com/video/featured-videos/WWE-superstar-John-Cena-receives-Make-a-Wish-honor-137903753.html. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- ↑ "Make-A-Wish Foundation: News & Events: News Releases". Wish.org. December 9, 2010. http://www.wish.org/news/news_releases/wwe_superstar_john_cena_grants_200th_wish. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
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- ↑ John Cena Gold's Gym commercial on YouTube
- ↑ "November 23, 2003". WWE Confidential. USA Network.
- ↑ "Cena to 'Eat Fresh' with Jared Fogle". WWE. Archived from the original on December 7, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061207162217/http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/cenasubway2. Retrieved January 13, 2007.
- ↑ "Cena Pak product page". American Body Builders. Archived from the original on March 28, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070328183219/http://www.americanbodybuilding.com/v1/cenapack/. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
- ↑ "Cena gets in the ring with NASCAR's hottest drivers". WWE. February 12, 2008. http://www.wwe.com/inside/overtheropes/news/cenayoungguns. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- ↑ "WWE "Be A Superstar" featuring John Cena in "Stepping Up"". WWE. July 13, 2009. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090625201140/http://beasuperstar.wwe.com/. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
- ↑ "John Cena image gallery". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/gallery/cena-c.html. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "RAW/Rating, SD! is CANCELLED~!, Plus: ECW PPV, Importance of Maturity, and More!". Online Onslaught. http://www.oowrestling.com/columns/oo/20050126.shtml. Retrieved February 12, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena wearing his chain". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/pictures/j/johncena/23.jpg. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena Studio Fathead". Shopzone.WWE.com. http://shopzone.wwe.com/product_detail.asp?productId=10-00492. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- ↑ "John Cena Youth American Made Muscle Package". Shopzone.WWE.com. http://shopzone.wwe.com/product_detail.asp?productId=50-02544&cartID=2007100721501321831024118. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- ↑ "H-U-S-T-L-E, MP3 Album page". eMusic. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070926230043/http://www.emusic.com/album/10851/10851182.html?fref=150051. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
- ↑ "Perceptionists – 'Black Dialogue/ 5 O'Clock/ Champion Scratch'". UndergroundHiipHop.com. http://www.undergroundhiphop.com/store/detail.asp?UPC=DJX11212. Retrieved May 17, 2007. "'Champion Scratch’ feat. WWE Superstar John Cena as a bonus cut!"
- ↑ Template:BillboardURLbyName "John Cena – Artist Chart History". Billboard. Archived from [[[:Template:BillboardURLbyName]] the original] on September 20, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070920185519/Template:BillboardURLbyName. Retrieved May 19, 2007.
- ↑ "Chart Log UK – 2005". http://www.zobbel.de/cluk/CLUK2005.HTM. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
- ↑ "Photo of John Cena writing". WWE. Archived from the original on February 16, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070216140757/http://www.wwe.com/superstars/raw/johncena/photos2/cenavstriplehphotos/a277.jpg. Retrieved July 20, 2007.
- ↑ 260.0 260.1 260.2 "12 Rounds with John Cena". Men's Fitness. March 19, 2009. http://www.mensfitness.com/sports_and_recreation/athletes/132. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
- ↑ "John Cena interview". UGO. http://www.ugo.com/channels/sports/features/wrestling/?page=John%20Cena%20Interview%20&cur=John-Cena. Retrieved May 11, 2007. "Command & Conquer is what I'm all about," [Cena] says, and he plays all the time..."
- ↑ Jay, Cridlin. "John Cena: The ultimate converted Rays fan". Tampa Bay.com. http://www.tampabay.com/features/celebrities/article825879.ece. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- ↑ 263.0 263.1 Gray, Andy (February 4, 2009). "John Cena talks Red Sox-Rays, future WWE stars and his top diva". Sports Illustrated. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2009/extramustard/02/04/john-cena-interview/. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- ↑ "dailymail.co.uk". Daily Mail (London). January 23, 2008. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-509897/Wrestling-superstar-big-fan-Spurs.html.
- ↑ Moore, Jim (February 16, 2009). "Cena works hard on his rags to riches story". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/moore/400249_moore16.html. Retrieved February 16, 2009.
- ↑ Varsallone, Jim (March 23, 2009). "Cena, WWE score knockout in 12 Rounds". The Miami Herald: 3.
- ↑ "Petition for Dissolution of Marriage" (PDF). The Miami Herald. http://blogs.herald.com/files/petitionfordissolutionofmarriage-1.pdf. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
- ↑ Vultaggio, Maria. "John Cena And Elizabeth Huberdeau Settle Divorce War: WWE Wrestler Makes Peace With Estranged Wife". International Business Times. http://www.ibtimes.com/john-cena-and-elizabeth-huberdeau-settle-divorce-war-wwe-wrestler-makes-peace-estranged-wife-726833. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- ↑ "JOHN CENA REBOUNDING with Ex-WWE Diva [Pics"]. TMZ. http://www.tmz.com/2012/11/30/john-cena-on-the-rebound-wrestler-star-gettin-close-with-ex-wwe-diva-pics/. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- ↑ Randy Orton vs. The Prototype (John Cena): OVW, Jan. 19, 2002
- ↑ 271.0 271.1 "Home > Superstars > Raw > John Cena > Bio". WWE.com. World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/superstars/raw/johncena/bio/. Retrieved February 3, 2009.
- ↑ Rock vs. Cena: Analyzing their signature maneuvers
- ↑ Rock vs. Cena: Analyzing their signature maneuvers
- ↑ Trionfo, Richard. "COMPLETE WRESTLEMANIA 29 COVERAGE: CENA/ROCK II; TAKER/LESNAR; DID THE STREAK SURVIVE?; DID DOLPH CASH IN?; HOW ABOUT THAT MIXED TAG MATCH; AND MORE". PWInsider. http://www.pwinsider.com/ViewArticle.php?id=76751&p=3. Retrieved April 9.
- ↑ "Five Knuckle Shuffle". John Cena > Photos. WWE. Archived from the original on March 31, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080331204925/http://www.wwe.com/superstars/raw/johncena/photos2/fiveknucklephotos/. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- ↑ Golden, Hunter (January 13, 2009). "Raw Results – 1/12/09 – Sioux City, IA". WrestleView.com. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2009/1231831212.php. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
- ↑ Trionfo, Richard. "WWE RAW REPORT: WILL ONE OF CURTIS AXEL'S VICTIMS GET REVENGE FOR THEIR LOSS?; DANIEL BRYAN WRESTLES TWICE; FANDANGO DANCES ONCE; THE WYATT FAMILY HAS ANOTHER VIDEO; I GUESS WE KNOW WHO WEARS THE PANTS IN THE HUNTER/STEPHANIE RELATIONSHIP; DEL RIO VS. LANGSTON BEST OF INFINITY SERIES CONTINUES; AND MORE". PWInsider. http://www.pwinsider.com/ViewArticle.php?id=78016&p=2. Retrieved June 6.
- ↑ Glencross, Sharon (1 November 2012). "Why John Cena Is Still the Face of WWE". http://bleacherreport.com/articles/1392929-why-john-cena-is-still-the-face-of-wwe. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- ↑ "John Cena And Method Man: Thuganomics 101". MTV News. March 12, 2004. http://www.mtv.com/bands/w/wwe/news_feature_040312/. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
- ↑ Hardy, R. "Slam Smack". FirstCom Production Music (FirstCom Music Library). 
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- ↑ "Feud of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on April 3, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070403015617/http://www.100megsfree4.com/wiawrestling/pages/pwi/pwifoty.htm. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
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- ↑ "Match of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080415152012/http://www.100megsfree4.com/wiawrestling/pages/pwi/pwimoty.htm. Retrieved April 17, 2008.
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- ↑ "Most Improved Wrestler of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070210194911/http://www.100megsfree4.com/wiawrestling/pages/pwi/pwiimp.htm. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
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- ↑ Meltzer, Dave (2012-11-12). "Nov. 12, 2012 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: WON Hall of Fame 2012 double issue, six men inducted, all the news and info from around the world and more!". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 8. ISSN 10839593.
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