|Athletic director||Gary Barta|
|Head coach||Kirk Ferentz|
|Home stadium||Kinnick Stadium|
|Stadium surface||Field Turf|
|Location||Iowa City, Iowa|
|League||NCAA Division I|
|Past conferences|| Independent (1889–1891; 1897–1899)|
Western Interstate University Football Association (1892–1896)
Missouri Valley (1907–1908)
|Postseason bowl record||14–10–1|
|Claimed national titles||1|
|Colors||Black and Gold|
|Fight song||Iowa Fight Song|
|Mascot||Herky the Hawk|
|Marching band||Hawkeye Marching Band|
|Rivals|| Iowa State Cyclones|
Minnesota Golden Gophers
|Website||Iowa Hawkeyes football|
The Iowa Hawkeyes football team is the interscholastic football team at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa. The Hawkeyes have competed in the Big Ten Conference since 1900, and are currently a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Beginning in 2011, Iowa will compete in the Big Ten's Legends Division.
Football was first played as a club sport at Iowa in 1872, with intramural games against other colleges played as early as 1882, but it was not until 1889 that the University of Iowa first officially recognized a varsity football team. In 1899, Iowa completed its first undefeated football season, which led to an invitation to join the Western Conference, now known as the Big Ten Conference, the following year. In 1900, the Hawkeyes secured another undefeated season and won a share of the Western Conference title in their first year in the league.
Iowa claimed consecutive Big Ten titles in 1921 and 1922. The Hawkeyes won 20 straight games in the early 1920s under the guidance of Hall of Fame coach Howard Jones. Jones soon left Iowa and established a powerhouse at Southern California, and the Hawkeyes were abysmal for most of the 1930s. As a result, little was expected of Iowa’s 1939 team, led by new coach Eddie Anderson. Nicknamed the “Ironmen”, the 1939 Hawkeyes scored several upset victories and vaulted into the national rankings. Though Iowa fell a game short of the Big Ten title, team MVP Nile Kinnick won almost every major national award, including the 1939 Heisman Trophy.
Forest Evashevski was hired as Iowa’s head coach in 1952. He lured Calvin Jones to Iowa, where Jones became the first Hawkeye – and the first African-American – to win the Outland Trophy in 1955. From 1956 to 1960, Evashevski led Iowa to four finishes in the top five of the national rankings, three Big Ten Conference titles, two Rose Bowl victories, and the 1958 FWAA national championship. After the 1960 season, Evashevski left coaching to become Iowa’s athletic director. The result was nineteen consecutive non-winning seasons for the Hawkeyes from 1962 to 1980.
Four head coaches after Evashevski were hired and left without success. Hall of Fame coach Hayden Fry was hired after the 1978 season to try to reverse Iowa’s fortunes. After decades of losing, Fry revived the Iowa program. In 20 years at Iowa, he led the Hawks to 14 bowl games, three Big Ten titles, and three Rose Bowl appearances. Fry retired in 1998, turning the program over to former assistant Kirk Ferentz. Ferentz led Iowa to three consecutive top ten finishes from 2002 to 2004 and two Big Ten titles. The Hawkeyes have played in eight bowl games in the past nine seasons and in 22 bowl games over the last 29 seasons. Iowa has cracked the top 25 at the end of the season five times during the Kirk Ferentz era - No. 8 in 2002–04, No. 20 in 2008, and No. 7 in 2009. Iowa will begin its 122nd season of football, and its 111th season in the Big Ten, in 2010.
Notable seasons Edit
Season records Edit
The Hawkeyes began playing football as a club sport in 1872, and began playing intramural games against other colleges in 1882, but it was not until 1889 when Iowa challenged Grinnell College to an interscholastic varsity football game. Since then, the Hawkeyes have played over 1,000 games, including 24 bowl games.
Current team Edit
The 2010 season began with Iowa in the top ten in the national rankings. Despite a non-conference road loss to Arizona and a 31-30 defeat by Wisconsin, the Hawkeyes were in Big Ten title contention until November. Iowa began the season with a 7-2 record, highlighted by a 37-6 victory over previously unbeaten and #5 ranked Michigan State. But the Hawkeyes faded down the stretch, losing their last three games and dropping out of the national rankings. Iowa completed the 2010 regular season with a 7-5 record and are bowl eligible for the tenth straight season. The Hawkeyes defeated the Missouri Tigers 27-24 in the 2010 Insight Bowl on December 28 in Tempe, AZ.
National championships Edit
Iowa finished the 1958 regular season ranked #2 in the AP poll, behind 11–0 LSU, although that vote was taken before the bowl games. Iowa convincingly won the 1959 Rose Bowl, 38–12, setting or tying six Rose Bowl records. The Football Writers Association of America, arguably the most prestigious organization at the time to vote on a national champion after the bowls were played, gave their national championship trophy, the Grantland Rice Award, to Iowa.
|1958||Forest Evashevski||Football Writers Association of America||8–1–1||Rose Bowl|
Conference championships Edit
Iowa has won 12 major conference championships in school history. Iowa was a member of the Western Interstate University Football Association prior to joining the Western Conference, now known as the Big Ten, in 1900. Iowa currently claims 11 Big Ten Conference championships:
|Year||Coach||Conference Record||Overall Record||Outright/Shared||Bowl Game|
|1896||Alfred E. Bull||3–0–1||7–1–1||Outright|
|1956||Forest Evashevski||5–1–0||9–1–0||Outright||Won Rose Bowl|
|1958||Forest Evashevski||5–1–0||8–1–1||Outright||Won Rose Bowl|
|1981||Hayden Fry||6–2–0||8–4–0||Shared||Lost Rose Bowl|
|1985||Hayden Fry||7–1–0||10–2–0||Outright||Lost Rose Bowl|
|1990||Hayden Fry||6–2–0||8–4–0||Shared||Lost Rose Bowl|
|2002||Kirk Ferentz||8–0–0||11–2–0||Shared||Lost Orange Bowl|
|2004||Kirk Ferentz||7–1–0||10–2–0||Shared||Won Capital One Bowl|
|11-time Big Ten Champions|
Appearances in the final Associated Press Poll Edit
Iowa has made 284 appearances in the Associated Press poll over 36 seasons, including 112 weeks in the top 10. Iowa has finished the year ranked in the final Associated Press poll of the season 21 times:
Bowl games Edit
Iowa has appeared in 25 bowl games, including 23 bowl games the past 30 seasons. In bowl games, Iowa has a 14-10-1 record:
|January 1, 1957||Rose Bowl||W||Oregon State||35||19|
|January 1, 1959||Rose Bowl||W||California||38||12|
|January 1, 1982||Rose Bowl||L||Washington||0||28|
|December 31, 1982||Peach Bowl||W||Tennessee||28||22|
|December 30, 1983||Gator Bowl||L||Florida||6||14|
|December 16, 1984||Freedom Bowl||W||Texas||55||17|
|January 1, 1986||Rose Bowl||L||UCLA||28||45|
|December 30, 1986||Holiday Bowl||W||San Diego State||39||38|
|December 30, 1987||Holiday Bowl||W||Wyoming||20||19|
|December 31, 1988||Peach Bowl||L||North Carolina State||23||28|
|January 1, 1991||Rose Bowl||L||Washington||34||46|
|December 30, 1991||Holiday Bowl||T||BYU||13||13|
|December 31, 1993||Alamo Bowl||L||California||3||37|
|December 29, 1995||Sun Bowl||W||Washington||38||18|
|December 29, 1996||Alamo Bowl||W||Texas Tech||27||0|
|December 31, 1997||Sun Bowl||L||Arizona State||7||17|
|December 29, 2001||Alamo Bowl||W||Texas Tech||19||16|
|January 2, 2003||Orange Bowl||L||Southern California||17||38|
|January 1, 2004||Outback Bowl||W||Florida||37||17|
|January 1, 2005||Capital One Bowl||W||LSU||30||25|
|January 2, 2006||Outback Bowl||L||Florida||24||31|
|December 29, 2006||Alamo Bowl||L||Texas||24||26|
|January 1, 2009||Outback Bowl||W||South Carolina||31||10|
|January 5, 2010||Orange Bowl||W||Georgia Tech||24||14|
|December 28, 2010||Insight Bowl||W||Missouri||27||24|
|Total||25 Bowl Games||14-10-1||627||574|
Individual honors Edit
Over the course of the team's history, individual Hawkeye players of exceptional ability have received many accolades. Iowa has had several players inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, College Football Hall of Fame, Canadian Football Hall of Fame, and Iowa Sports Hall of Fame. Individual Hawkeyes have won many prestigious national awards, including the Outland Trophy, the Davey O'Brien Award, Doak Walker Award, and the Heisman Trophy. 92 Hawkeyes have been named a first-team or second-team All-American, and 22 have been named consensus first-team All-Americans.
The Iowa Hawkeyes have had ten players win the Big Ten Most Valuable Player Award, and 219 Hawks have earned All-Big Ten recognition. Iowa has had 229 NFL draft picks, and several former Hawkeye players have gone on to become NFL head coaches or Division I college head coaches.
Only two numbers have ever been retired by the Hawkeye football program, Nile Kinnick's #24 and Cal Jones' #62. Kinnick won the University of Iowa's only Heisman Trophy in 1939, while Jones was the first African-American to win the Outland Trophy in 1955.
Kinnick Stadium Edit
Kinnick Stadium, formerly known as Iowa Stadium, is the home stadium of the University of Iowa Hawkeyes in Iowa City, Iowa. It opened as Iowa Stadium in 1929; prior to that time, Iowa played its home games at Iowa Field. Iowa Stadium was renamed Kinnick Stadium in 1972 in honor of Nile Kinnick, the 1939 Heisman Trophy winner and the only Heisman winner in university history, who died in service during World War II. It currently holds up to 70,585 people, making it the 27th largest college football stadium in America and the 86th largest sports stadium in the world.
Trophy games Edit
The Hawkeyes play three annual rivalry trophy games. By far, Iowa's oldest rivalry trophy is Floyd of Rosedale, which has been awarded to the winner of the Iowa-Minnesota game every season since 1935.
Iowa plays Iowa State for the Cy-Hawk Trophy, which was created when the Iowa-Iowa State series resumed in 1977. Iowa has played Wisconsin for the Heartland Trophy since 2004. Starting in 2011, the Hawkeyes and Badgers will no longer compete every year since they are in opposite divisions. Iowa's new top rival is the Nebraska Cornhuskers. While the matchup has no trophy named yet, these two teams will compete in the final regular-season game each season on the Friday after Thanksgiving.
Iowa's official fight song is the Iowa Fight Song which is sung by the marching band and the fans. Iowa's school song is On Iowa. Iowa also plays a third fight song, entitled Roll Along Iowa. After victories the band plays "In Heaven There Is No Beer".
Iowa's mascot is Herky the Hawk, a black and gold caricature of a Hawk. Herky was created as a cartoon in 1948, and first appeared at a sporting event in 1959.
Hawkeye Marching Band Edit
Originally founded in 1881, the Hawkeye Marching Band now performs at all Iowa Hawkeye home football games. The band also travels with the team to usually one away game per year and any post-season bowl games.
Logos and uniforms Edit
In 1979, Hayden Fry helped to create the Tigerhawk, the logo seen on Iowa's football helmets. Since both teams shared the colors of black and gold, Fry gained permission from the Pittsburgh Steelers, the dominant NFL program of the 1970s, to overhaul Iowa’s uniforms in the Steelers’ image. Fry's idea was that if the team were going to act like winners, they first needed to dress like winners. Fry had originally asked Steelers Defensive Tackle "Mean" Joe Greene for a replica helmet and home jersey; Greene was able to send Fry to one of the team owners, and three days later, the owners sent Fry reproduction copies of the home and away uniform of Steeler Quarterback Terry Bradshaw, making Iowa one of only a few schools to use the uniform scheme of an NFL team. Although the uniforms appear the same, there are subtle differences, mainly in the scheme of the white away jerseys, the Steeler jerseys have the players names in yellow, while the Hawkeyes use black.
The Hawkeyes have twice removed the Tigerhawks, and the single gold stripe from their game helmets as a symbolic gesture of mourning. The first instance was on November 2, 1991, in recognition of the six victims of a fatal campus shooting. The second occasion was for a December 29, 1996, appearance in the Alamo Bowl. It served to commemorate the family of linebacker Mark Mitchell, who were involved in a fatal vehicle accident while en route to the game. The accident resulted in the death of Mitchell's mother and severe injuries to his father and two brothers. Both games resulted in Iowa victories.
Gameday traditions Edit
- The Swarm
Hayden Fry introduced "the swarm" upon his arrival at Iowa in 1979. When entering Kinnick Stadium, players jog slowly onto the field, hands locked and with the captains in front. It is designed to show the team's unity as they take the field as a group.
The Hawkeye team is led onto the field by four giant black and gold flags, spelling I-O-W-A. Each flag then moves to the four corners of the field. After every Hawkeye touchdown, fans in the four corners of the field, initially aided by the flags, spell out I-O-W-A.
- Hawkeye Victory Polka
After every Hawkeye victory, the Hawkeye Marching Band plays the Hawkeye Victory Polka, the band's adaptation of the polka song, "In Heaven There Is No Beer". Many Hawkeye fans sing along as well. After losses, only the Iowa Fight Song is played.
- Back In Black
- Enter Sandman
- Imperial March
The Hawkeye Marching Band will perform the Imperial March after the defense forces a 4th down, while the fans clap in an up and down motion, imitating the beak of a Hawk chomping.
- Hell's Bells
When the defense on the field during 3rd down, The beginning of AC/DC's Hell's Bells is played to incite a reaction from the fans.
- 75 Years With The Fighting Hawkeyes, by Bert McCrane & Dick Lamb (ASIN: B0007E01F8)
- 25 Years With The Fighting Hawkeyes, 1964–1988, by Al Grady (ASIN: B0006ES3GS)
- Hawkeye Legends, Lists, & Lore, by Mike Finn & Chad Leistikow (ISBN 1-57167-178-1)
- University of Iowa Football, by Chuck Bright (ISBN 0-87397-233-3)
- Black & Gold Memories, by George Wine (ISBN 0-615-12398-8)
- Greatest Moments In Iowa Hawkeyes Football History, by Mark Dukes & Gus Schrader (ISBN 1-57243-261-6)
- Tales From The Iowa Sidelines, by Ron Maly (ISBN 1-58261-574-8)
- Stadium Stories: Iowa Hawkeyes, by Buck Turnbull (ISBN 0-7627-3819-7)
- Official website
- Coverage from Des Moines Register
- Iowa football news, photos, videos and schedule
- GoHawks.com, Official Iowa Football website