|George B. Chadwick|
| File:George Brewster Chadwick.png |
George Chadwick from The New York Times', Oct. 1961
|Born||June 11, 1880|
Brooklyn, New York
|Died||October 17, 1961 (aged 81)|
Old Lyme, Connecticut
|Accomplishments and honors|
George Brewster Chadwick (June 11, 1880 – October 17, 1961) was an All-American football player and coach. He played college football for Yale University from 1899 to 1902 and was the head coach of the 1903 Yale football team. After working for a time in the hardware and sales fields, Chadwick had a long career as a teacher of English, history and Latin at Eastern private boys' schools.
Early years[edit | edit source]
Chadwick was born in Brooklyn, New York, in June 1880. His father Charles Noyes Chadwick was the president of C.N. Chadwick Co., manufacturers of children's underwaists and boy's shirtwaists. His mother was Alice Ann (Caruth) Chadwick was born in Northern Ireland. Chadwick attended the Froebel Academy, Brooklyn Latin School and Brooklyn High School.
Yale[edit | edit source]
Student and athlete[edit | edit source]
Chadwick enrolled at Yale University in 1898. He played halfback for the Yale Bulldogs football team from 1899 to 1902. In December 1901, he was selected by his teammates as the captain of the 1902 Yale football team. He led the 1900 and 1902 Yale teams to undefeated seasons, and he was also selected as a first-team College Football All-American in 1900 and 1902. He scored all of Yale's points in a 12–5 victory over Harvard in 1902 on runs of 53 and 55 yards.
In his book, "The History of American Football," Allison Danzig referred to Chadwick as "the phantom line cleaver." While playing football at Yale, Chadwick was 5 feet 10 inches in height, and weighed 155 pounds. In 1951, Chadwick recalled the Yale teams on which he played, noting that "our game was not as intricate or deceptive as it is today" but that the old game "had precision."
Coach[edit | edit source]
After graduating as part of Yale's class of 1903, Chadwick agreed to return as the school's head football coach in the fall of 1903. Chadwick coached the 1903 Yale football team to an 11–1 record, outscoring opponents 312 to 26. The 1903 team's only loss came against Princeton by a score of 11–6.
During the period from 1899 to 1912, Yale had 14 different head football coaches in 14 years – despite compiling a combined record of 127–11–10 in those years. During that 14-year span, the Yale football team has also been recognized as the national championship team by one or more of the major national championship selectors on seven occasions – 1900 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis), 1901 (Parke Davis), 1902 (Parke Davis), 1905 (Parke Davis, Whitney), 1906 (Billingsley, Parke Davis, Whitney), 1907 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis, Whitney), and 1909 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis).
Later years[edit | edit source]
At the conclusion of the 1903 football season, Chadwick accepted a position with the Southern Railroad Company, St. Louis and Louisville Division. He held positions with that company in Princeton, Indiana, and East St. Louis, Illinois. In August 1904, he became employed by the Simmons Hardware Company in St. Louis, Missouri.
As of 1917, Chadwick was reported to be employed by The Patterson Manufacturing Company of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. In a draft registration card completed by Chadwick in September 1918, he indicated that he was living in Manhattan, New York City, and working as a sales manager for Barrett Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of road-building materials.
At some point after 1918, Chadwick became a school teacher. He taught English, history and Latin at various private boys' schools. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Chadwick was living in Ridgefield, Connecticut, working as a teacher in a private school.
In 1927, he published his only book - Chuck Blue of Sterling - a story of college life and football. (New York: The Century Co.)
In a draft registration card completed by Chadwick at the time of World War II, Chadwick indicated that he was residing at the Kent School, a private preparatory school located in Kent, Connecticut.
Head coaching record[edit | edit source]
|Yale Bulldogs (Independent) (1903)|
|†Indicates BCS bowl, Bowl Alliance or Bowl Coalition game.|
References[edit | edit source]
- History of the Class of 1903, Yale College. Yale University. 1906. pp. 68–69. https://books.google.com/books?id=n3QWAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- "Chadwick Yale's New Football Captain". The New York Times. December 6, 1901. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1901/12/06/102639348.pdf.
- "CHADWICK CHOSEN: Yale's Right Haliback Unanimous Choice for Captain of the Football Eleven Next Year". Boston Daily Globe. December 6, 1901. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/boston/access/690365892.html?dids=690365892:690365892&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Dec+06%2C+1901&author=&pub=Boston+Daily+Globe&desc=CHADWICK+CHOSEN.&pqatl=google.
- "YALE CAPTAIN IS MODEST: Tells of Victory Over Harvard—No Chance for Post-Season Game with Michigan". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 23, 1902. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/408791181.html?dids=408791181:408791181&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Nov+23%2C+1902&author=&pub=Chicago+Tribune&desc=YALE+CAPTAIN+IS+MODEST.&pqatl=google.
- "Yale Yearly Results, 1900–1904". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120406214548/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_iaa/ivyleague/yale/yearly_results.php?year=1900.
- "G.B. CHADWICK, 81, '02 YALE HALFBACK; Captain of Unbeaten Team, Prep School Teacher, Dies". The New York Times. October 19, 1961. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1961/10/19/101479536.pdf.
- "A Roundup Of The Sports Information Of The Week". Sports Illustrated. October 30, 1961. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1073157/3/index.htm.
- "Yale Team Statistics". The Harvard Crimson. November 22, 1902. http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1902/11/22/yale-team-statistics-pcaptain-george-brewster/.
- "CHADWICK TO COACH: Last Year's Captain Will Take Charge at Yale". The Hartford Courant. July 30, 1903. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/courant/access/774048612.html?dids=774048612:774048612&FMT=CITE&FMTS=CITE:AI&type=historic&date=Jul+30%2C+1903&author=&pub=Hartford+Courant&desc=CHADWICK+TO+COACH&pqatl=google.
- "Chadwick To Coach Yale". The Atlanta Constitution. July 30, 1903. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ajc_historic/access/560350652.html?dids=560350652:560350652&FMT=CITE&FMTS=CITE:AI&date=Jul+30%2C+1903&author=&pub=The+Atlanta+Constitution&desc=Chadwick+To+Coach+Yale.&pqatl=google.
- "1903 Yale Bulldogs". College Football Data Warehouse. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_game_by_game.php?coachid=349&year=1903.
- "Yale Year-by-Year Results". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111005234710/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_iaa/ivyleague/yale/yearly_totals.php.
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book. Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2009. p. 78. http://web1.ncaa.org/web_files/stats/football_records/DI/2009/2009FBS.pdf. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
- Census entry for Charles N. Chadwick and family. Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Brooklyn Ward 21, Kings, New York; Roll: T624_969; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 0513; Image: 719; FHL Number: 1374982.
- "The twelfth general catalogue of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity". Psi Upsilon Fraternity. 1917. p. 180. https://books.google.com/books?id=iCN-AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- Draft registration card for George Brewster Chadwick, born June 11, 1880. Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918 [database on-line]. Registration Location: New York County, New York; Roll: 1786814; Draft Board: 154.
- Census entry for George B. Chadwick, born New York state, age 49, father born in Connecticut, mother born in Northern Ireland. Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Ridgefield, Fairfield, Connecticut; Roll: 259; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 173; Image: 46.0.
- Draft registration card for George Brewster Chadwick, born June 11, 1880. Ancestry.com. U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 [database on-line]. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; State Headquarters: Connecticut.
- "G. B. Chadwick, Dies; Was Yale Football Star". The Hartford Courant. October 20, 1961. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/courant/access/907724332.html?dids=907724332:907724332&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Oct+20%2C+1961&author=&pub=Hartford+Courant&desc=G.+B.+Chadwick%2C+Dies%3B+Was+Yale+Football+Star&pqatl=google.