The Fremont Cannon is the trophy awarded to the winner of the Battle for Nevada, an American college football rivalry game played annually by the Nevada Wolf Pack football team of the University of Nevada, Reno (Nevada) and the UNLV Rebels football team of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). The trophy was built in 1970 and is a replica of a 19th century Howitzer cannon that accompanied American explorer and politician John C. Frémont on an expedition to Nevada in the mid 19th century. Originally fired following a touchdown by the team in possession of the cannon, it has been inoperable since 1999. The wooden carriage is painted the school color of the team in possession, blue for Nevada and red for UNLV. The trophy is the heaviest and most expensive in college football.
The first game between the teams was in 1969 with Nevada defeating UNLV. The following year the cannon was built and UNLV became the first team to win the cannon. Since then the cannon has changed hands twelve times with the current holder being Nevada, following a 42-37 victory in 2012 at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. Nevada has held the cannon for eight years straight, following a five year reign by UNLV. Nevada has won 23 out of the 38 games played between the two teams for the cannon.
History of the trophyEdit
In 1967 Bill Ireland was hired by Nevada Southern University (the predecessor to UNLV) to coach their new football team, and by 1969 came up with the idea to have a trophy as a symbol of the rivalry between the two schools. Ireland was the first football coach of the UNLV Rebels, and an alumnus and former coach of Nevada. The cannon was donated by Kennecott Copper and is a replica of a howitzer cannon that explorer John C. Fremont used on an expedition in 1843, and allegedly left in a snowdrift in the Sierra Nevada mountains. The cannon contains a 55 millimetres (2.2 in) barrel, weighs 545 pounds (247 kg), and cost $10,000 to build, making it the heaviest and most expensive trophy in college football. The cannon is painted the winning team's color, red for UNLV, and blue for Nevada.
The two schools first played each other on Thanksgiving Day, 1969, with the Wolf Pack winning 30-28, however construction of the cannon had yet to be completed. The first competition for the cannnon was in 1970 when the Rebels won 42-30 in Las Vegas. In 1978, following Nevada's first victory over UNLV in four seasons, Chris Ault convinced security at McCarran International Airport to allow the team to disassemble the cannon and take it as carry-on luggage back to Reno. The team had to figure out how to break down the cannon, a task that was usually done by the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, which UNLV did not have in 1978.
The Fremont Cannon was refurbished by the UNLV athletics department at a cost of $1,500 in 2000 following damage after a UNLV victory celebration wherein fans and players attempted to lift the cannon and dropped it. While being refurbished, UNLV officials found inscriptions inside the cannon, including "University of Notta Lotta Victories." Traditionally, the team possessing the cannon would fire it each time they scored a touchdown during the rivalry game; however, the cannon has not been fired since 2000 due to the damage it received when it was dropped.
History of the rivalryEdit
Students of Nevada's two public universities share a mutual disdain for each other, as evidenced by the numerous blue "FUNLV" and red "FUNR" shirts (UNR being shorthand for University of Nevada, Reno) at the stadium on rivalry days. Many Nevada students hail from Las Vegas and view UNLV as a glorified community college; UNLV students see Nevada as an overrated, stodgy institution in an uncultured part of the state.
The rivalry is heated inside the stadium as well. Sam Boyd Stadium and Mackay Stadium are two of the few NCAA football venues to sell alcohol to all spectators of legal age on game day (many institutions either do not sell alcohol at all, or sell it only to those seated in luxury boxes). This, combined with the heated nature of the rivalry, has resulted in numerous fights in the stands. In 1995, UNLV players allegedly started a pre-game brawl, which prompted the Wolf Pack to run up the score in their 55-32 victory against UNLV. After the game, UNLV player Quincy Sanders threw his helmet in the direction of Nevada head coach Chris Ault.
On August 18, 2010, Nevada announced that they would join the Mountain West Conference starting in either 2011 or 2012; their entry was later confirmed for 2012. Since UNLV has been in the Mountain West Conference since 1999, the annual rivalry game is once again a conference game. Before 2012, the last meeting of the two schools as conference rivals was in 1995, when both schools were members of the Big West Conference.
Nevada victories are colored ██ blue. UNLV victories are colored ██ scarlet. Ties are white.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "Bill Ireland, Longtime Nevada Coach, Dies in Reno". KOLO TV. Aug 1, 2007. http://www.kolotv.com/home/headlines/8860432.html. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Pope, Jeff (Sept. 23, 2008). "For the love of the game — and the tailgate party". Las Vegas Sun. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2008/sep/23/rebels-fans-take-tailgating-seriously/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Christensen, Nick (Oct. 3, 2003). "Winner of rivalry nabs a unique prize". Las Vegas Sun. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2003/oct/03/winner-of-rivalry-nabs-a-unique-prize/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Kantowski, Ron (Oct. 3, 2009). "The Elevator: Fremont Cannon edition". Las Vegas Sun. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2009/oct/03/elevator-fremont-cannon-edition/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ Maxson, Matt (September 25, 2008). "Rebels ready to paint Fremont cannon red". UNLV Rebel Yell. http://unlvrebelyell.com/2008/09/25/to-the-maxson-rebels-ready-to-paint-fremont-canon-red/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ Balagna, Jay (October 3, 2009). "Five in a row. The cannon likes Reno better anyway". The Nevada Sagebrush. http://nevadasagebrush.com/blog/2009/10/03/five-in-a-row-the-cannon-likes-reno-better-anyway/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Murray, Chris (October 2, 2010). "Fremont Cannon: Rolls through history, but hard to roll". Reno-Gazette Journal. http://www.rgj.com/article/20101002/NEWS/10020323/Fremont-Cannon-Rolls-through-history-but-hard-to-roll. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ↑ http://www.mwcconnection.com/2010/10/1/1725220/the-fremont-canon-history-of-the-battle-for-nevada-rivalry
- ↑ Hylton, Garrett (September 25, 2007). "Ault sees rivalry through knowing eyes". The Nevada Sagebrush. http://nevadasagebrush.com/blog/2007/09/25/ault-sees-rivalry-through-knowing-eyes/. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ Anderson, Mark (October 1, 1999). "Returning Home". Reno Gazette-Journal. http://www.reviewjournal.com/lvrj_home/1999/Oct-01-Fri-1999/sports/12063192.html. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ Sonner, Scott (October 21, 2003). "UNR fan denies hitting Robinson". Las Vegas Review-Journal. http://www.reviewjournal.com/lvrj_home/2003/Oct-21-Tue-2003/sports/22413093.html. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- ↑ "Nevada, Fresno State move to MWC". ESPN.com News Services. August 19, 2010. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncaa/news/story?id=5474774. Retrieved 2010-08-25.