|Location|| 1600 FedEx Way|
Landover, Maryland 20785
|Coordinates|| / ,|
|Broke ground||March 13, 1996|
|Opened||September 14, 1997|
|Expanded||1998, 2000, 2005|
|Surface||419 Tifway Bermuda Grass|
|Construction cost|| $250.5 million|
($343 million in 2019 dollars)
|Architect||HOK Sport (now Populous)|
|Structural engineer||Bliss and Nyitray, Inc.|
|Services engineer||M-E Engineers, Inc.|
|General Contractor||Clark Construction|
|Main contractors||Driggs Construction Co.|
|Former names||Jack Kent Cooke Stadium (September 1997–November 1999)|
|Tenants||Washington Redskins (NFL) (1997–present)|
|Capacity|| 79,000 (2012-present)|
FedExField (originally Jack Kent Cooke Stadium) is a football stadium located in an unincorporated area near the Capital Beltway (I-495) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, near the site of the old Capital Centre (later called USAir Arena). FedExField is the home of the Washington Redskins football team. With seating for 79,000, FedExField is now the third largest venue in the NFL in terms of regular capacity. Up until 2010, FedExField held 91,704 patrons and was the largest venue in the league.
FedExField was built as a replacement for the Redskins' prior venue, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Washington, D.C. In 1994, Jack Kent Cooke sought to build a new stadium on the grounds adjacent to Laurel Park Racecourse along Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge roads. Lack of parking facilities and support prompted a second site selection.
The stadium opened in 1997 as Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, in honor of the recently deceased owner of the team, and the stadium site was known as Raljon. Before the stadium was built, the Wilson Farm was there. The name "Raljon" is a portmanteau of Jack Kent Cooke's sons' first names – "Ralph" and "John." Notably, Cooke was even able to register Raljon with the United States Postal Service as a legal alternate address for the 20785 zip code of Landover, Maryland, in which the stadium is located, and went to some lengths to require media to use Raljon in datelines from the stadium.
A special exit, Exit 16 (Arena Drive), was built from Interstate 495, the Capital Beltway.
After the team and stadium were purchased by Daniel Snyder, the naming rights were sold to the FedEx corporation in November 1999 for an average of $7.6 million per year. FedExField has not had a football season in which the stadium failed to sell out its non-premium tickets. Even though it's the NFL's largest stadium, the waiting list for Redskins season tickets has reached over 30 years. Although the Redskins have never sold out the entire stadium, the team has not had a game blacked out on local television since 1972 (when home game broadcasts were banned outright) because it does not count "premium club level seating" when calculating sellouts (their sellout streak dates to 1965, eight years before the new blackout rules were implemented).
For the past six years at FedExField, Redskins fans have set the regular-season home paid attendance record. In 2005, the team drew a record 716,998 fans overall. The December 30, 2007, 27–6 win against the Dallas Cowboys was the most watched game in Redskins history, with 90,910 fans in the stands to see Washington clinch a playoff spot.
The stadium has five levels – the Lower Level, the Club Level, the Lower and Upper Suite Levels, and the Upper Level. The Lower, Club, and Upper Levels are all named after important figures of the Redskins, NFL, and Washington, D.C. area. The Lower Level is officially named "George Preston Marshall Lower Level", The Club is named "Joe Gibbs Club Level, and The Upper Level is called "Pete Rozelle Upper Level." The Suite Levels have 243 suite, lounge, and Owner's Club luxury boxes and 15,044 club seats.
FedExField hosts the annual Prince George's Classic college football game, which is a game usually between two historically black universities. It has hosted several other college football games as well, including the 1998 game between the University of Notre Dame and the United States Naval Academy, as well as the 2004 Black Coaches Association Classic between the University of Southern California Trojans and the Virginia Tech Hokies. The stadium has hosted numerous other events as well, including many big-time concerts.
FedExField is not well known as a soccer venue, as D.C. United of Major League Soccer elected to remain at RFK Stadium after the new stadium's opening. As Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, it hosted four preliminary matches and one quarterfinal doubleheader in the 1999 Women's World Cup. During the July 2005 World Series of Football, D.C. United hosted Chelsea F.C. there; the stadium did not sell out, but the 31,473 spectators represented D.C. United's third-highest ever home attendance. On August 9, 2009, D.C. United hosted another international friendly against Real Madrid at FedExField. On July 30, 2011, Manchester United ended its 2011 Summer Tour with a 2–1 win over F.C. Barcelona at FedExField in front of 81,807 fans. This represented the largest crowd for the sport in D.C.-area history.
Other notable events include:
- October 23, 1997 – The Rolling Stones performed during their Bridges To Babylon Tour.
- November 14, 1998 – Notre Dame defeated Navy 30–0.
- July 1, 1999 – The United States Women's National Soccer Team defeated the German Women's National Team 3–2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup 1999 quarterfinals.
- January 8, 2000 – The Washington Redskins defeated the Detroit Lions 27–13 in the first and, as of the 2011-2012 season, only NFL playoff game at FedExField.
- May 28, 2000 – The stadium played host to the HFStival.
- October 4, 2002 – The Rolling Stones returned to perform during their Licks Tour.
- December 29, 2002 – The Washington Redskins defeated the rival Dallas Cowboys, 20–14, in Darrell Green's final game. The game also broke a 10-game losing streak to the Cowboys.
- July 18, 2003 – Metallica, Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park, Deftones & Mudvayne performed during The 2003 Summer Sanitarium Tour.
- September 13, 2003 – Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band performed during The Rising Tour. (Sold out)
- August 28, 2004 – USC defeated Virginia Tech in the BCA Classic 24–13, before a sellout crowd of 91,665.
- November 5, 2006 – Redskins defeated the Cowboys in, perhaps, the greatest finish in FedExField history, with Nick Novak's 47 yard field goal with :00 on the game clock.
- December 2, 2007 – Commemorative game in memory of Sean Taylor. The Redskins lost to Bills (17–16).
- August 1, 2009 – Paul McCartney performed during his Summer Live '09 Tour.
- September 29, 2009 – U2 performed during their 360° Tour, with Muse as their opening act.
- September 6, 2010 – Boise State defeated Virginia Tech 33–30, before a crowd of 86,587.
- November 20, 2010 – Penn State defeated Indiana 41–24, before a crowd of 78,790.
- July 30, 2011 – Manchester United F.C. defeated FC Barcelona 2–1, before a crowd of 81,807, part of 2011 World Football Challenge.
- December 10, 2011 – 112th Army-Navy Game
Criticisms and potential replacementEdit
Many fans feel FedExField does not compare favorably with RFK Stadium. Sports Illustrated's rankings of "NFL Fan Value Experience" rated FedExField 28th out of 31 NFL stadiums. In January 2007, The Washington Post reported that Redskins owner Daniel Snyder was meeting with Washington, D.C., officials about building a new stadium in order to return the team to the District.
In the 2011 offseason, nearly 10,000 seats were removed from the upper deck to reduce capacity to 81,807, making FedExField the second largest venue in the NFL.. During the 2012 offseason, 4,000 additional seats were removed to make way for new suites and party decks.
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ March 13, 1996: Construction Begins on JKC Stadium
- ↑ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2008. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- ↑ Illuminating Engineering Society (1998). Lighting design & application: LD & A. 28. Illuminating Engineering Society. p. 39. http://books.google.com/books/about/Lighting_design_application.html?id=lK4nAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- ↑ "FedEx Field". Featured Projects. Clark Construction Co.. http://www.clarkconstruction.com/projects/feature_project/11/.
- ↑ "Where a stadium soon will grow". The Washington Times. March 23, 1996. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=WT&p_theme=wt&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB0F1CEE26B1EDE&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Redskins' stadium to feature standing-room only party deck - NFL.com
- ↑ Ranking the Top Fan Stadium Experiences in the NFL
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Steinberg, Dan; Jones, Mike (July 14, 2011). "Redskins Say They Were Unable to Sell Season Tickets for Seats Removed from FedEx Field". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/redskins/redskins-say-they-were-unable-to-sell-season-tickets-for-seats-removed-from-fedex-field/2011/07/14/gIQA1vbwEI_story.html. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- ↑ Redskins.com – Welcome to FedExField
- ↑ 
- ↑ Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke is seeking a special exception that would allow a $160 million National Football League stadium in an industrial zone east of Laurel in Anne Arundel County. The Redskins also hope for variances from county codes on matters such as parking and landscaping for the 78,600-seat stadium, Baltimore Sun, Aug 11, 1994
- ↑ McKenna, Dave (July 6, 2007). "Scarce Tactics: Just How Much Demand is There for Skins Tickets These Days?". Washington City Paper. http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/display.php?id=1961.
- ↑ FedExField: New Single-Game Attendance Mark[dead link]
- ↑ BCA Classic At FedExField A Success[dead link]
- ↑ FedExField is the premier stadium in the National Football League
- ↑ "NFL Fan Value Experience: Washington Redskins". SI.com. November 7, 2007. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/football/nfl/10/29/fvi.redskins/. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
- ↑ Fisher, Marc (January 11, 2008). "Next 2 D.C. Stadium Deals Might Smell a Bit Sweeter". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/10/AR2007011002496.html. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
- ↑ 
- Stadium site on Redskins.com
- FedEx.com site[dead link]
- Redskins Set Attendance Record...Again – March 21, 2005
- Redskins Fans Break Attendance Record – January 6, 2006
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