EJ Manuel
refer to caption
Manuel with the Raiders in 2017
No. 3, 5
Personal information
Born: (1990-03-19) March 19, 1990 (age 30)
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Height:6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)
Weight:237 lb (108 kg)
Career information
High school:Bayside
(Virginia Beach, Virginia)
College:Florida State
NFL Draft:2013 / Round: 1 / Pick: 16
Career history
* Buffalo Bills ( 2013 2016)
 * Offseason and/or practice squad member only
Career highlights and awards
* ACC champion (2012)
  • Second-team All-ACC (2012)
Career NFL statistics
Pass completions:343
Pass attempts:590
Passing yards:3,767
Passer rating:77.1
Rushing touchdowns:4
Player stats at NFL.com
Player stats at PFR

Erik Rodriguez "EJ" Manuel Jr.[1] (born March 19, 1990) is a former American football quarterback. He played college football at Florida State and was drafted by the Buffalo Bills in the first round of the 2013 NFL Draft.

Drafted by the Bills to be their franchise quarterback, Manuel suffered several injuries and saw his on-the-field performance struggle. After starting 10 games in his rookie year and throwing for 1,972 yards and 11 touchdowns, Manuel made just a combined seven starts and threw eight touchdowns over the next three seasons, sitting behind Kyle Orton and Tyrod Taylor on the depth chart. After leaving the Bills, he then spent one year with the Oakland Raiders, sat out the 2018 season and signed with the Kansas City Chiefs in 2019 before retiring during the offseason that year.

Early life[edit | edit source]

File:EJ Manuel and father Eric.jpg

Manuel with his father, Eric, in 2013

Manuel was born in Virginia Beach, Virginia on March 19, 1990. He attended Bayside High School Virginia Beach, where he played for the Bayside Marlins high school football team.[2] In 2004, as a freshman, he started at quarterback and threw for 589 yards and seven touchdowns, as well as rushing for 219 yards and one touchdown. As a sophomore, he recorded 1,332 passing yards and eight touchdowns as well as 276 rushing yards and six touchdowns. As a junior, Manuel threw for 1,973 yards and 15 touchdowns while rushing for 345 yards and five touchdowns. In 2007, as a senior, Manuel passed for 1,859 yards, 18 touchdowns while also rushing for 541 yards.[3] He was considered a five-star recruit by Scout,[4] a four star recruit by Rivals[5] and both sites, as well as Sports Illustrated,[6] listed him the second-best quarterback. He was an All-American quarterback in high school.

College career[edit | edit source]

Manuel enrolled in Florida State University, where he played for coach Bobby Bowden and coach Jimbo Fisher's Florida State Seminoles football teams from 2008 to 2012.[7] While he was a student, he joined the Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity.[8] Manuel became the second collegiate quarterback to win four straight bowl games, the first being Pat White of West Virginia (2005-2008).

Freshman season[edit | edit source]

Manuel took over for an injured Christian Ponder as the 4-5 Seminoles were in danger of finishing with a losing record for the first time since Bobby Bowden took over the program. His first start was an away game against Wake Forest. He completed 15-of-20 passes for 220 yards with one touchdown, leading the Seminoles to a 41-28 win over Wake Forest, who at the time had won three games in a row against Florida State.[9] Manuel struggled in his second game against Maryland but still managed to pull out a much needed win making FSU bowl-eligible.[10] Manuel's struggles continued against the dominating Florida Gators, and the mobile quarterback was not able to get into a rhythm as Florida State lost, 37-10.[11]

Florida State entered the Gator Bowl 6-6 and in serious danger of letting legendary coach Bobby Bowden leave with a losing record. Manuel led Florida State to a 33-21 victory over the West Virginia Mountaineers and won the Gator Bowl MVP honors.[12][13]

Sophomore season[edit | edit source]

Manuel started twice in the 2010 season in relief of Christian Ponder, who battled a nagging forearm injury. In his first start against Clemson, he picked up 71 yards on 15 carries.[14] He also led the Seminoles to a victory in the 2010 Chick-fil-A Bowl against South Carolina in relief of Christian Ponder, who was injured in the second quarter of the game.[15]

Junior season[edit | edit source]

In the 2011 season, Manuel played in every game besides the loss at Clemson after injuring his shoulder in a loss against Oklahoma the previous week.[16] He finished the season with 2,666 yards passing on a 65% completion rate. He also finished with 18 passing touchdowns, four rushing touchdowns, and eight interceptions.[17] He helped lead the Seminoles to a comeback win against the Notre Dame Fighting Irish in the Champs Sports Bowl by throwing for 249 yards and two touchdowns.[18]

Senior season[edit | edit source]

In the 2012 season, Manuel led the Seminoles to numerous wins over ACC rivals, an ACC Championship, and an Orange Bowl win against Northern Illinois for a 12-2 record in his senior season.[19]

File:EJ Manuel.jpg

Manuel in 2013

Collegiate legacy[edit | edit source]

Manuel led the Seminoles to a 12-win season for just the third time in program history[20] and the first time since their dominant stretch in the 1990s. During his senior season, he threw for the second most yards in team history with 3,392, trailing only Chris Weinke's Heisman Trophy winning season, in which Weinke threw for 4,167 yards.[21] Manuel went 25-6 as a starter, won the first BCS bowl for Florida State since 2000, won five out of six games against intrastate rivals Miami and Florida,[20] and he led the offense to its most prolific season in team history, cleanly surpassing the 1999 National Championship squad with 6,591 yards.[22]

College statistics[edit | edit source]

Passing Rushing
Year Comp Att Yards Pct. TDs Int Rating Att Yds Avg TD
2009 69 106 817 65.1 2 6 124.7 44 196 4.5 2
2010 65 93 861 69.9 4 4 153.3 41 170 4.1 1
2011 203 311 2,666 65.3 18 8 151.2 110 151 1.4 4
2012 263 387 3,392 68.0 23 10 156.0 103 310 3.0 4
Total 600 897 7,736 66.9 47 28 150.4 298 827 2.8 11

Professional career[edit | edit source]

NFL.com analyst Bucky Brooks projected him as a top five quarterback heading into the 2013 Draft and compared him to Josh Freeman.[23] While Manuel possesses the blue-chip physical characteristics, work ethic, and leadership qualities necessary to be successful at the NFL level, he was faulted for somewhat inconsistent play at times during his college career.[23]

Pre-draft measureables
Ht Wt 40-yd dash 10-yd split 20-yd split 20-ss 3-cone Vert Broad BP Wonderlic
6 ft 4⅝ in 237 lb 4.65 s 1.64 s 2.60 s 4.21 s 7.08 s 34 in 9 ft 10 in

Buffalo Bills[edit | edit source]

Manuel was selected by the Buffalo Bills in the first round with the 16th overall pick in the 2013 NFL Draft.[25] He was the only quarterback taken in the first round of the draft, a draft that was seen as especially thin at quarterback (the Bills, who originally drafted eighth and had a great need for a quarterback, even traded down to obtain more picks); he was drafted ahead of Matt Barkley and Geno Smith, as well as Ryan Nassib, who had played under Bills head coach Doug Marrone when Marrone coached the Syracuse Orange.[26]

2013 season: Rookie year[edit | edit source]

File:EJ Manuel Patriots at Bills.jpg

Manuel passing against the Patriots in 2013

On June 14, 2013, Manuel signed a four-year contract with the Buffalo Bills.[27] The deal is worth a fully guaranteed $8.88 million, including a signing bonus of $4.85 million evenly spaced out annually ($1.2 million) over the next four years. His salary in 2013 was $1.6 million, $2.0 million in 2014, $2.4 million in 2015, and $2.8 million in 2016.[28]

Manuel made his NFL debut on August 11, 2013, during the preseason against the Indianapolis Colts, completing 16-of-21 passes for 107 yards and a touchdown.[29] He underwent an operation on his knee to remove fluid buildup after the second game of the preseason and it was unsure if he would be ready to start the season-opener.[30] On September 4, 2013, head coach Doug Marrone announced at the team meeting that Manuel was confirmed to be the starter for Week 1. In the season opener, Manuel completed his first NFL touchdown to fellow rookie Robert Woods, on an 18-yard completion.[31] On September 15, Manuel engineered his first fourth-quarter comeback, with a nine-play, 80-yard touchdown march to bring his team from a six-point deficit in the fourth quarter with seconds left in the game. The Buffalo Bills went on to win in a Week 2 game against the Carolina Panthers by a score of 24-23.[32] Manuel was voted the "Pepsi Next NFL Rookie of the Week" for his performance.[33]

On October 3, 2013, during the third quarter against the Cleveland Browns, Manuel sprained his right lateral collateral ligament, causing him to miss the next five weeks of his rookie season.[34] Manuel had an up and down first year, but was given a vote of confidence by coach Doug Marrone as he was announced as the starting quarterback for the 2014 season.[35][36] In 10 games of his rookie year in 2013, Manuel had 1,972 passing yards with 11 touchdowns and 9 interceptions. In addition, he rushed for 186 yards with two rushing touchdowns.

2014 season[edit | edit source]

File:EJ Manuel 2014.jpg

Manuel in 2014

On September 28, 2014, in a game against the Houston Texans, one of Manuel's passes was intercepted by All-Pro defensive end J. J. Watt and returned 80 yards for a touchdown.[37] The next day, he was benched in favor of veteran quarterback Kyle Orton after starting the first four games of the 2014 season and bringing the Bills to a 2-2 record.[38] Manuel finished the 2014 with 838 yards, 5 touchdowns, 3 interceptions, and a career-high passer rating of 80.3. Orton would win seven of the next 12 games, finishing the Bills 2014 season with a 9-7 record, the first time the Bills had posted a winning record since 2004.[39]

2015 season[edit | edit source]

After posting the franchise's first winning record in a decade, Orton retired and Marrone opted out of the rest of his contract. The Bills then hired former division rival Rex Ryan as head coach. Manuel competed with free agent acquisition Tyrod Taylor and trade acquisition Matt Cassel for the starting quarterback job.[40] During mini-camp, Manuel struggled to compete for the starting job and was listed as the third-string quarterback on the depth chart. Manuel performed well in the third preseason game, completing nearly all of his passes, showing improved accuracy. On August 31, 2015, coach Rex Ryan announced that Manuel and Cassel had lost the starting job to Taylor [41]

Manuel made his first start in over a year in Week 6 against the undefeated Cincinnati Bengals in place of an injured Tyrod Taylor, who suffered an MCL injury the previous week.[42] On the first drive of the game for the Bills against the Bengals, he led the Bills 80 yards down the field for a touchdown. Manuel finished 28-42 for 263 passing yards, a passing touchdown, one rushing touchdown and an interception in the 34-21 loss.[43]

Against the Jacksonville Jaguars on October 25 in London, Manuel threw for 298 yards and two touchdowns but had three costly turnovers, two of which were returned directly for scores in the second quarter. He rallied the Bills from 24 points down to take the lead in the fourth quarter. However, Jacksonville regained the lead with a Blake Bortles touchdown pass to wide receiver Allen Hurns, sealing the win 34-31 as the Bills were unable to respond.[44][45] With the loss, Manuel became the first quarterback in NFL history to lose a game in three countries (United States, Canada, and England).[46]

2016 season[edit | edit source]

File:EJ Manuel 2016.jpg

Manuel handing the ball off in 2016

On May 2, 2016, it was announced that the Bills declined to exercise Manuel's fifth-year option for the 2017 season.[47] He would see spot duty through the first part of the 2016 season, usually as parts of trick plays. With the Bills being out of playoff contention, Manuel started the final game of the regular season due to Tyrod Taylor being inactive. Manuel completed 9 of 20 passes for 86 yards before being benched for rookie quarterback Cardale Jones to start the fourth quarter.[48]

Oakland Raiders[edit | edit source]

2017 season[edit | edit source]

On March 20, 2017, Manuel signed a one-year contract with the Oakland Raiders.[49] During Week 4 game against the Denver Broncos, Derek Carr suffered a back injury in the third quarter and was relieved by Manuel, who completed 11 of 17 passes for 106 yards and an interception as the Raiders lost by a score of 16–10.[50] Due to Carr's injury, Manuel started the Week 5 game against the Baltimore Ravens, completing 13 of 26 passes for 159 yards and a touchdown as the Raiders lost by a score of 30–17.[51] With the Raiders' loss to the New England Patriots on November 19 in Mexico City, Manuel became the first quarterback in NFL history to be on a team that would lose a game in four different countries (United States, Canada, England, and Mexico).

2018 season[edit | edit source]

On March 22, 2018, Manuel re-signed with the Raiders.[52] On September 1, 2018, he was released.[53]

Kansas City Chiefs[edit | edit source]

On February 22, 2019, Manuel was signed by the Kansas City Chiefs.[54]

Retirement[edit | edit source]

On May 13, 2019, Manuel announced his retirement.[55] Shorty after, he announced that he will be joining the ACC Network as a college football analyst.[56]

NFL statistics[edit | edit source]

Year Team Games Passing Rushing
GP GS Comp Att Yds TD Int Rate Att Yds Avg TD
2013 BUF 10 10 180 306 1,972 11 9 77.7 53 186 3.5 2
2014 BUF 5 4 76 131 838 5 3 80.3 16 52 3.3 1
2015 BUF 7 2 52 84 561 3 3 78.5 15 59 3.9 1
2016 BUF 6 1 11 26 131 0 0 58.3 8 22 2.8 0
2017 OAK 2 1 24 43 265 1 1 72.3 2 15 7.5 0
Total 30 18 343 590 3,767 20 16 77.5 96 339 3.5 4

Bills franchise records[edit | edit source]

  • Most passing touchdowns by a rookie quarterback: 11
  • Most completions by a rookie quarterback: 180
  • Highest completion percentage by a rookie quarterback: 58.8
  • Best rookie quarterback rating, minimum 7 appearances: 77.7


Personal stock offering[edit | edit source]

It was reported that Manuel would be offering stock in his future earnings via a venture with Fantex, Inc. as part of a new financial instrument being sold by Fantex. He planned to offer a 10% share of all future earnings from his brand to Fantex, which would then turn around and divide it into shares of a publicly traded tracking stock.[58]

In July 2014, the Manuel/Fantex stock offering was completed. 523,700 shares were sold, valued at $10 per share.[58]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Manuel family strengthened by values, faith | Football | Sports | Toronto Sun". torontosun.com. http://www.torontosun.com/2013/04/26/manuel-family-strengthened-by-values-faith. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  2. Epstein, Nathan (June 22, 2014). "EJ Manuel hosts first camp back at his alma mater" (in en-US). WAVY-TV. http://wavy.com/2014/06/22/ej-manuel-hosts-first-camp-back-at-his-alma-mater/.
  3. EJ Manuel Statistics, Rivals Yahoo. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  4. EJ Manuel Scout.com. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  5. EJ Manuel Rivals. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  6. EJ Manuel[dead link] Seminoles.com. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  7. "E.J. Manuel College Stats" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/players/ej-manuel-1.html.
  8. "NIC 2012 All-Fraternity All-American Football Teams". North American Interfraternity Conference. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131101044318/http://www.nicindy.org/blog/nic-2012-all-fraternity-all-american-football-teams/. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  9. "Florida State at Wake Forest Box Score, November 14, 2009" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2009-11-14-wake-forest.html.
  10. "Maryland at Florida State Box Score, November 21, 2009" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2009-11-21-florida-state.html.
  11. "Florida State at Florida Box Score, November 28, 2009" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2009-11-28-florida.html.
  12. Bowden goes out a winner as Seminoles dispatch Mountaineers ESPN, retrieved on August 18, 2010
  13. "Gator Bowl - West Virginia vs Florida State Box Score, January 1, 2010" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2010-01-01-florida-state.html.
  14. "Clemson Tigers vs. Florida State Seminoles - Box Score - November 13, 2010 - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. November 13, 2010. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/boxscore?gameId=303170052. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  15. "Chick-fil-A Bowl - South Carolina vs Florida State Box Score, December 31, 2010" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2010-12-31-florida-state.html.
  16. "Oklahoma at Florida State Box Score, September 17, 2011" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2011-09-17-florida-state.html.
  17. "E.J. Manuel 2011 Game Log" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/players/ej-manuel-1/gamelog/2011.
  18. "Champs Sports Bowl - Notre Dame vs Florida State Box Score, December 29, 2011" (in en). https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/boxscores/2011-12-29-florida-state.html.
  19. "Seminoles.com 2012 Schedule and Results". Seminoles.com. January 6, 2013. http://www.seminoles.com/sports/m-footbl/sched/fsu-m-footbl-sched.html. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "FSU wins Orange Bowl, 12 games _ no national title". MiamiHerald.com. January 4, 2013. http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/01/04/3167807/fsu-wins-orange-bowl-12-games.html. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  21. "Fisher points to the numbers to say FSU close to a title run". Warchant.com. January 6, 2013. http://floridastate.rivals.com/barrier_noentry.asp?ReturnTo=&sid=1061&script=content.asp&cid=1456593&fid=&tid=&mid=&rid=. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  22. "FSU Wins 2013 Discover Orange Bowl -- Notes". Seminoles.com. January 2, 2013. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140407070403/http://www.seminoles.com/sports/m-footbl/recaps/010213aaa.html. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Geno Smith, Matt Barkley headline 2013 NFL Draft quarterbacks". NFL.com. January 2, 2013. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap1000000121092/article/geno-smith-matt-barkley-headline-2013-nfl-draft-quarterbacks. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  24. "E.J. Manuel | Florida State, QB : 2013 NFL Draft Scout Player Profile". nfldraftscout.com. http://www.nfldraftscout.com/ratings/dsprofile.php?pyid=83592&draftyear=2013&genpos=qb. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  25. "EJ Manuel a surprise pick by Buffalo Bills at No. 16". http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap1000000163624/article/ej-manuel-a-surprise-pick-by-buffalo-bills-at-no-16.
  26. "2013 NFL Draft Listing" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/years/2013/draft.htm.
  27. "EJ Manuel signs Buffalo Bills rookie contract - NFL.com". nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap1000000212306/article/ej-manuel-signs-buffalo-bills-rookie-contract. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  28. "E.J. Manuel Salary Cap, Contracts, Salaries, Cap Hits, & News Profile". spotrac.com. http://www.spotrac.com/nfl/buffalo-bills/e.j.-manuel/. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  29. "Watch Buffalo Bills vs. Indianapolis Colts [08/11/2013 - NFL.com"] (in en). http://www.nfl.com/gamecenter/2013081100/2013/PRE1/bills@colts#menu=gameinfo&tab=recap.
  30. Graham, Tim (August 27, 2013). EJ Manuel will need days of practice before green light Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Webarchive/data' not found.. The Buffalo News. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
  31. "New England Patriots at Buffalo Bills - September 8th, 2013" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/201309080buf.htm.
  32. "Carolina Panthers at Buffalo Bills - September 15th, 2013" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/201309150buf.htm.
  33. "Pepsi Next Rookie of the Week: EJ Manuel". NFL.com. http://www.nfl.com/voting/rookies/2013/reg/2. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  34. "EJ Manuel out four to six weeks with LCL strain". UPI. http://www.upi.com/blog/2013/10/04/EJ-Manuel-out-four-to-six-weeks-with-LCL-strain/7071380919188/. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
  35. "EJ Manuel Will Enter 2014 as Buffalo Bills Starting QB - NFL.com". nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap2000000307233/article/ej-manuel-will-enter-2014-as-buffalo-bills-starting-qb. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
  36. "EJ Manuel 2013 Game Log" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/M/ManuEJ00/gamelog/2013/.
  37. "Buffalo Bills at Houston Texans - September 28th, 2014" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/201409280htx.htm.
  38. Hanzus, Dan (September 29, 2014). "EJ Manuel benched; Kyle Orton to start for Buffalo Bills". NFL.com. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000403000/article/ej-manuel-benched-kyle-orton-to-start-for-buffalo-bills. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  39. "2014 Buffalo Bills Statistics & Players" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/buf/2014.htm.
  40. Rodak, Mike (June 16, 2015). "Tyrod Taylor sharp for Bills while splitting reps with Matt Cassel". ESPN.com. http://espn.go.com/blog/afceast/post/_/id/76510/tyrod-taylor-sharp-for-bills-while-splitting-reps-with-matt-cassel. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  41. "EJ Manuel has all but lost the Bills' quarterback competition". Adam Stites. August 14, 2015. https://www.sbnation.com/nfl/2015/8/14/9153931/ej-manuel-buffalo-bills-quarterback-tyrod-taylor-matt-cassel. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  42. "Bills plan to start EJ Manuel with Tyrod Taylor hurt". http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000556423/article/bills-plan-to-start-ej-manuel-with-tyrod-taylor-hurt. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  43. "EJ Manuel far from the spotlight in Bills' loss to Bengals". http://www.syracuse.com/buffalo-bills/index.ssf/2015/10/ej_manuel_buffalo_bills_didnt_do_enough_with_chance_bengals.html. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  44. "Buffalo Bills at Jacksonville Jaguars - October 25th, 2015" (in en). https://www.pro-football-reference.com/boxscores/201510250jax.htm.
  45. "Watch Buffalo Bills vs. Jacksonville Jaguars [10/25/2015 - NFL.com"]. http://www.nfl.com/gamecenter/2015102500/2015/REG7/bills@jaguars#menu=gameinfo%7CcontentId:0ap3000000566248&tab=recap.
  46. Hanzus, Dan (October 27, 2015). "EJ Manuel first starting QB to lose in three countries". nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000567190/article/ej-manuel-first-starting-qb-to-lose-in-three-countries. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
  47. "Reports: Bills decline QB Manuel's 2017 option". http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/15448758/buffalo-bills-decline-fifth-year-option-ej-manuel.
  48. Alper, Josh (January 1, 2017). "Bills pull EJ Manuel in favor of Cardale Jones". profootballtalk.nbcsports.com. http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2017/01/01/bills-pull-ej-manuel-in-favor-of-cardale-jones/. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  49. "Raiders Sign QB EJ Manuel". March 20, 2017. http://www.raiders.com/news/article-1/Raiders-Sign-QB-EJ-Manuel/31303213-67b1-4bc7-a8ad-32e4f32afe09.
  50. Stapleton, Arnie (October 1, 2017). "Denver Broncos hold on for a 16-10 win over Oakland Raiders". Associated Press. washingtonpost.com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/redskins/denver-broncos-hold-on-for-a-16-10-win-over-oakland-raiders/2017/10/01/255c6b74-a704-11e7-9a98-07140d2eed02_story.html. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  51. Adsit, Morgan (October 8, 2017). "Ravens Pick Up Crucial 30-17 Win in Oakland". foxbaltimore.com. http://foxbaltimore.com/sports/sports-unlimited/ravens-pick-up-crucial-30-17-win-in-oakland. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  52. "Raiders Re-Sign Quarterback EJ Manuel". March 22, 2018. http://www.raiders.com/news/article-1/Raiders-Re-Sign-Quarterback-EJ-Manuel/a822eb1d-305d-45b9-bfec-647f346eb68f.
  53. "Raiders acquire quarterback AJ McCarron". September 1, 2018. https://www.raiders.com/news/raiders-acquire-quarterback-a-j-mccarron.
  54. Williams, Charean (February 23, 2019). "Chiefs sign E.J. Manuel, three others". Pro Football Talk. NBC Sports. https://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2019/02/22/chiefs-sign-e-j-manuel-three-others/.
  55. "2013 first-round QB EJ Manuel retires from NFL". http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000001030677/article/2013-firstround-qb-ej-manuel-retires-from-nfl.
  56. Connor, Matt (2019-06-05). "E.J. Manuel leaves Kansas City Chiefs for ACC Network broadcast job" (in en-US). https://arrowheadaddict.com/2019/06/05/e-j-manuel-leaves-kansas-city-chiefs-acc-network-broadcast-job/.
  57. Murphy, Sean (June 26, 2018). "Buffalo Bills rookie quarterback records are unimpressive". SB Nation. https://www.buffalorumblings.com/2018/6/26/17500740/buffalo-bills-rookie-quarterback-records-are-unimpressive-ej-manuel-trent-edwards-joe-ferguson.
  58. 58.0 58.1 "Fantex Completes Second Football Player I.P.O., Though Demand Is Slack". New York Times. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/07/21/fantex-completes-second-football-player-i-p-o-though-demand-is-slack/?_r=0.

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