American Football Database
Dixie Howell
File:Dixie Howell.jpg
circa 1934
Sport(s)Football, baseball
Biographical details
Born(1912-11-24)November 24, 1912
Hartford, Alabama, U.S.
DiedMarch 2, 1971(1971-03-02) (aged 58)
Hollywood, California
Playing career


Washington (NFL)

minor leagues
Position(s)Back (football)
Coaching career (HC unless noted)


Pumas CU
Loyola (LA) (backs)
Arizona State
Alabama (backs)

Head coaching record
Overall36–35–5 (college football)
13–7 (college baseball)
College Football Data Warehouse
Accomplishments and honors
2 Border conference (1939, 1940)
All-American, 1934
College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1970 (profile)

Millard Fleming "Dixie" Howell (November 24, 1912 – March 2, 1971) was an American football and baseball player and coach. He played college football as a back at the University of Alabama from 1932 to 1934 and with the Washington Redskins of the National Football League in 1937. Howell served as the head football coach at Arizona State Teachers College at Tempe, now Arizona State University, from 1938 to 1941 and at the University of Idaho from 1947 to 1950, compiling a career coaching record of 36–35–5 in college football. He also coached at the National University of Mexico in 1935. Howell was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1970. He also played professional baseball, with eight minor league seasons following college.

Playing career


Born in Hartford, Alabama, Howell played college football as an undersized (160 lb (73 kg)) quadruple-threat back at Alabama from 1932 to 1934.[1] As a senior, the Crimson Tide ran the Notre Dame Box offense, and he was a consensus All-American in 1934, as well as one of the nation's top punters. The 1934 Alabama team had two future legends as ends: Don Hutson and Paul "Bear" Bryant. The Crimson Tide posted a 10–0 record, and defeated previously unbeaten Stanford 29-13 in the Rose Bowl on New Year's Day, 1935. Howell threw two touchdown passes to Hutson and ran for two more; he is a member of the all-time Rose Bowl team.[2]

In 1937, Howell briefly played professional football in the NFL for the Washington Redskins, who had just relocated from Boston. The Redskins had lost the NFL Championship Game in 1936 to Green Bay, but returned to the title game in 1937 and defeated the Chicago Bears at Wrigley Field. Howell was a reserve quarterback for the Redskins, behind starter Sammy Baugh. He became a collegiate head coach in 1938 and ended his football playing career.


Howell also played baseball for the Crimson Tide and originally indicated he would finish out the college baseball season in 1935 and turn pro that June.[3] Plans changed and he signed a professional baseball contract with the Detroit Tigers in early March[4][5] and played minor league baseball through 1942. A month after signing, he was hospitalized after being struck in the head by a foul line drive; it occurred during batting practice before an April exhibition game in Virginia, off the bat of Johnny Mize.[6] In 1936 he played with Portland in the Pacific Coast League, then was moved to Toledo in the American Association. His career tailed off and he spent the rest of his baseball career in lower leagues. After service in the U.S. Navy during World War II, he did not return as a player and became the head coach at Alabama in January 1946 and resigned in March 1947 to become head football coach at Idaho.[7]

Coaching career

While pursuing his baseball career, Howell coached football in his autumn off-seasons; in Mexico City in 1935 and as an assistant at Loyola of New Orleans in 1936.[8] Following a season in the NFL in 1937, he was hired as head coach at the Arizona State Teachers College in Tempe and stayed for four seasons (1938–41), with two conference titles. He was a finalist for the open job at Idaho in 1941, then joined the Navy in 1942 as a physical training instructor for naval aviators.[9] He served until his discharge as a lieutenant commander in November 1945, then returned to Tuscaloosa in January 1946 as an assistant football coach (backs) and head baseball coach for the Crimson Tide.[8]

Howell was hired as head football coach at Idaho of the Pacific Coast Conference in February 1947 and guided the usually-struggling Vandals to a promising 4-4 record in his first season in Moscow, Idaho's best since 1938.[10] The Vandals beat Stanford on the road, a team that had defeated them 45-0 the previous year, and also an undefeated Utah in the season finale. The Vandals drew a Palouse and state record crowd to Neale Stadium for their annual rivalry game with Washington State in October, albeit a close 7-0 loss to the Cougars.[11][12] These promising factors earned Howell a two-year contract extension through 1950.[13][14] The progress did not continue, as the Vandals opened the 1948 season with four losses and went 3-6 overall and 1-5 in conference, defeating only Montana for the Little Brown Stein. Idaho played Washington State close at Rogers Field in Pullman and gave Oregon a scare in Moscow.[15] The 1948 Ducks, with Norm Van Brocklin and John McKay, would go 7-0 in conference and were co-champions with California.

Howell's relationship with Idaho fans and the administration was strained following the 1949 season.[16] The Vandals went 3-5 and 1-4 in conference that season, defeating only departing Montana again. Their two non-conference wins were against overmatched opponents Willamette and Portland, and the Vandals were severely outscored 230-45 in their five losses, capped by a 63-0 loss at Stanford to end the season.[17] Howell felt compelled to publicly deny rumors in April that he would leave before the 1950 season.[18]

The Vandals posted a 3-5-1 record in 1950 and 1-1-1 in conference, and Howell's contract was not renewed in March 1951.[19]

In media

Howell had an uncredited role in the 1936 movie, The Adventures of Frank Merriwell as a football player.[20] In the book To Kill a Mockingbird chapter 11, Scout, in an attempt to cheer up her brother, tells him he resembles Dixie Howell.

Howell is also mentioned in Randy Newman's song "My Daddy Knew Dixie Howell" from the album Good Old Boys.

After coaching

Howell got out of coaching and later worked in the Los Angeles area in sales and public relations. He had two operations for intestinal cancer in 1969[21] and 1971 and died at Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital in March 1971 at age 58.[22]

Weeks after his death, Alabama created an award in his name, given to the outstanding player of the annual spring game.[2]

Head coaching record


Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
Arizona State Bulldogs (Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1938–1941)
1938 Arizona State 3–6 0–5 7th
1939 Arizona State 8–2–1 5–1 1st T Sun
1940 Arizona State 7–2–2 4–1–1 1st L Sun
1941 Arizona State 5–5–1 2–4–1 7th
Arizona State: 23–15–4 11–11–2
Idaho Vandals (Pacific Coast Conference) (1947–1950)
1947 Idaho 4–4 1–4 9th
1948 Idaho 3–6 1–5 9th
1949 Idaho 3–5 1–4 9th
1950 Idaho 3–5–1 1–1–1 T–4th
Idaho: 13–20–1 4–14–1
Total: 36–35–5
      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title


  1. Tuscaloosa News - Howell wasn't just whistling 'Dixie' - 1981-04-26 - p.B1
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tuscaloosa News - New A-Day award will honor Howell - 1971-04-20 - p.6
  3. Ludington (MI) Daily News - Dixie Howell may join Detroit Tigers - Associated Press - 1935-01-28 - p.2
  4. Palm Beach (FL) Post - Howell will play with Detroit Tigers - Associated Press - 1935-03-06 - p.7
  5. Milwaukee Journal - Howell is slated to join Tigers' baseball farm - Associated Press - 1935-03-15 - p.2-sports
  6. Spartanburg (SC) Herald - Dixie Howell remains in serious shape in hospital - Associated Press - 1935-04-12 - p.3
  7. Spokesman-Review - Dixie Howell given head coaching job at University of Idaho - 1947-02-27 - p.12
  8. 8.0 8.1 (Charleston, SC) News and Courier - Dixie Howell to return to Alabama as coach - UPI - 1946-01-27 - p.6
  9. Ottawa (ON) Citizen - Charles Gelbart, Dixie Howell, John Kelly are P.T. instructors now - Associated Press - 1942-08-25 - p.8
  10. "Football (fall 1947)". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1948. pp. 282-294.
  11. Spokesman-Review - Cougars claw Idaho Vandals 7-0 - 1947-10-05 - p.1-sports
  12. Spokane Daily Chronicle - Grid fans pack Moscow stadium - 1947-10-04 - p.1
  13. "Dixie Howell signs new two-year contract as Idaho football coach". Lewiston Morning Tribune: p. 8. April 28, 1948.,4705710.
  14. Spokane Daily Chronicle - Dixie Howell signs new Idaho contract - 1948-04-27 - p.21
  15. Spokesman-Review - Action in pictures of Idaho's valiant losing battle against Oregon - 1948-10-10 - p.3-sports
  16. Lewiston Morning Tribune - Report says Howell under fire - Associated Press - 1950-04-08 - p.8
  17. College Football Data Warehouse - yearly results - Idaho - 1945-49
  18. Spokane Daily Chronicle - Howell denies he will leave Idaho grid job - 1950-04-18 - p.17
  19. Spokane Daily Chronicle - Dixie Howell resigns as Idaho football coach - 1951-03-27 - p.21
  20. Millard 'Dixie' Howell
  21. (Oxnard, CA) Press-Courier - Howell tumor is malignant - Associated Press - 1969-10-01 - p.
  22. Spartanburg (SC) Herald - Former Tide star dies at 58 - Associated Press - 1971-03-03 - p.15

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