Born(1935-05-25)May 25, 1935
Brackenridge, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedJanuary 10, 2011(2011-01-10) (aged 75)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Jersey #(s)21, 34, 2, 30
Career highlights
CFL All-Star1956, 1957, 1958, 1959,
AFL All-Star1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
Awards1960 Runner Up CFL's Most Outstanding Player Award
AFL Rushing champion (1962, 1964)
HonorsGrey Cup Champion - 1957
American Football League Champion, 1964
All-Time All-AFL Fullback
RecordsMost rushing touchdowns,
season, 13 (1962)
* Pro Football Reference
1965, 1967
ORFU Sarnia Imperials
ORFU Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen
CFL Hamilton Tiger-Cats
CFL Saskatchewan Roughriders
CFL Toronto Argonauts
AFL Buffalo Bills
AFL Denver Broncos
AFL Miami Dolphins

Carlton Chester "Cookie" Gilchrist (May 25, 1935 – January 10, 2011) was a gridiron football player in the American Football League and Canadian Football League.



A star player at Har-Brack High School (Natrona Heights, Pa), in 1953 he led the team to the W.P.I.A.L. co-championship with Donora. As a junior, he was talked into signing a professional football contract with the NFL's Cleveland Browns by Paul Brown. The signing was against NFL rules and likely illegal, and when Brown reneged on his promise that Gilchrist would make the team, Gilchrist left training camp at Hiram College, in Hiram, Ohio, and went to Canada to play. There, in the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU), he received the Jim Shanks (Team MVP) Trophy for the Sarnia Imperials in 1954, and the Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen's Team MVP Award in 1955.

In 1956, he joined the Canadian Football League (CFL) with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, helping lead them to a 1957 Grey Cup victory. He spent one season with the Saskatchewan Roughriders, rushing for 1,254 yards. He then was traded to the Toronto Argonauts for Tex Schwierer, and played three years in Toronto.[1] In his six years in the CFL, Gilchrist was a divisional All-Star at running back five consecutive years from 1956 to 1960 (there were no All-Canadians selected in those years) and was also an Eastern All-Star at linebacker in 1960. Additionally, in 1960 he was runner up for the CFL's Most Outstanding Player Award. In his CFL career, Gilchrist recorded 4,911 rushing yards, 1,068 receiving yards and 12 interceptions.

Gilchrist then joined the roster of the Buffalo Bills of the fledgling American Football League. Incidentally, Gilchrist was Buffalo's backup plan: they had actually drafted Ernie Davis to be the team's franchise running back in 1962. Davis instead chose the NFL, but died of leukemia before ever playing a down of professional football. The Bills instead signed Gilchrist as a free agent. While with Buffalo, Gilchrist played fullback and kicked, though he insisted he could have played both ways. He was the first 1,000-yard American Football League rusher, with 1,096 yards in a 14-game schedule in 1962. That year he set the all-time AFL record for touchdowns with 13, and he earned AFL MVP honors. Gilchrist rushed for a professional football record 243 yards and five touchdowns in a single game against the New York Jets in 1963. Though he was with the Bills for only three years (1962–1964), he remains the team's fifth-leading rusher all-time, and led the league in scoring in each of his three years as a Bill. Gilchrist ran for 122 yards in the Bills' 1964 American Football League championship defeat of the San Diego Chargers, 20-7. His 4.5 yard/rush average is second as a Bill only to O.J. Simpson.

In an early civil rights victory for black athletes, Gilchrist led a successful boycott of New Orleans as the site of the 1965 American Football League All-Star game. He is the only athlete to turn down being enshrined into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame and Museum, because of what he described as racism and exploitation by management. Gilchrist frequently was at odds with team management. He told a reporter from the London Free Press that most of the problems he encountered were a result of his standing up for principles at a time when black athletes were expected to remain silent.[citation needed]

Gilchrist also played for the Denver Broncos in 1965 and 1967, and for the Miami Dolphins in 1966. He was an American Football League All-Star in 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965, making him one of only a few professional football players who made their league's All-Star team for 10 consecutive years (six in the CFL, and four in the AFL). Gilchrist was selected as the fullback of the All-Time American Football League Team.[citation needed]

Career regular season statistics Edit

Team Rushing Receiving Field Goals & Converts Interceptions
Year Team GP Rushes Yards Ave. Lg TD Rec Yards Ave Lg TD FGMadeAve.SConGoodIntYdsAveLgTD
1956 Hamilton Tiger-Cats - 130 832 6.4 7021829715.5402000100273.560
1957 Hamilton Tiger-Cats - 204 958 4.7 57788210.319000010036521.7552
1958 Saskatchewan Roughriders - 235 1254 5.3 735151449.641000000000000
1959 Toronto Argonauts - 87 496 5.7 69457014.038114964.30241646616.5320
1960 Toronto Argonauts 14 88 662 7.5 7462534613.842218527.80484311616.0160
1961 Toronto Argonauts 12 105 709 6.8 673151479.82409555.6311524120.5350
1962 Buffalo Bills 14 214 1096 5.144132431913.3762208400171400000
1963 Buffalo Bills 14 232 979 4.2 32 12242118.842200000000000
1964 Buffalo Bills 14 230 981 4.3 67 63034511.537000000000000
1965 Denver Broncos 14 252 954 3.8446181548.6291000000000000
1966 Miami Dolphins 8 72 262 3.6 220131108.522100000000000
1967 Denver Broncos 1 10 21 2.1 601-4-4.0-4000000000000
CFL Totals - 849 4911 5.8 74 2886106812.4425411946.3483641219516.3552
AFL Totals 65 1010 4293 4.3 67 37110113510.376620840.00171400000
Career Totals - 1859 9204 5.0 74 65196220311.27611612744.34100781219516.3552

After footballEdit

Gilchrist had numerous feuds with the people he worked with during his football career. He refused entry into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame on account that he did not believe he was paid well enough for his service.[2][3] He also refused to accept enshrinement on the Buffalo Bills Wall of Fame because he wanted payment for appearing; Van Miller eventually convinced Gilchrist to change his mind, but Gilchrist was not inducted prior to his death.[4] Gilchrist was posthumously inducted into the Greater Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame in 2011.[5]

In an article in The Buffalo News on March 18, 2007, Gilchrist, then 71, announced that he was being treated for throat cancer. At the time, he lived in Natrona Heights, Pennsylvania.

On January 10, 2011, Gilchrist died at an assisted living facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[2] He was posthumously diagnosed with stage four chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which may explain, in part, some of his behavioural difficulties.[3] Gilchrist was aware of the possibility that he had the disease when writing his autobiography, The Cookie That Did Not Crumble, along with Chris Garbarino[citation needed].


  • First American Football League player to gain over 1,000 yards in a season (14 games, 1,096 yards in 1962)
  • Previously held the American professional football record for most yards rushing in a game, 243 yards vs. the New York Jets, on December 8, 1963.
  • His number 34 has been unofficially set aside by the Buffalo Bills, to honor both him and Thurman Thomas, who also wore the number.[6]

See also Edit


  1. Toronto Star, Thursday 28 July 1960, page 15.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Graham, Tim (2011-01-11). Cookie Gilchrist rumbled right until the end. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gaughan, Mark (November 6, 2011). Gilchrist had severe damage to brain. The Buffalo News. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  4. Van Miller on the passing of Bills RB Cookie Gilchrist. WIVB-TV. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
  5. Greater Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame 2011. WIVB-TV. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  6. Brown, Chris (2011-06-17). The untouchable numbers. Retrieved 2011-06-17.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
George Blanda
American Football League MVP
with Len Dawson
Succeeded by
Lance Alworth, Clem Daniels, & Tobin Rote
Preceded by
Billy Cannon
American Football League Rushing Leader
1962 (14 games)
1,096 yds, 5.1 yds/att
Succeeded by
Clem Daniels
Preceded by
Clem Daniels
American Football League Rushing Leader
1964 (14 games)
981 yds, 4.3 yds/att
Succeeded by
Paul Lowe

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