College athletics is a term encompassing the non-professional, collegiate and university-level competitive sports and games requiring physical skill, and the systems of training that prepare athletes for competition performance.
World University gamesEdit
The first World University Games were held in 1923. There were originally called the Union Nationale des Étudiants Français . In 1957, following several previous renames, they became known as the World University Games.
University sport has received little academic attention in Australia.
One of Australia's earliest cricket teams was founded at the University of Sydney in 1854. This university affiliated team is one of the only teams from that period that still exists.
University sports are viewed as having a positive social impact in Canada.
The Federal government is involved with university sport.
Wrestling is a university sport in Canada, with the system helping to provide future and current members of the Canadian national wrestling team.
University sport was established in China by the 1930s. One of these programs was at the Catholic University of Peking. In 1936, members of the team traveled to Japan as members of a team to participate in a basketball and association football competition. During the early stages of World War II in the region, most universities suspended their sport programmes. The exceptions were Fu Ren University and Yanjing University which kept these programmes open until 1942 before shutting them down.
Chinese universities organised boat races before the cultural revolution. These races were modeled after the boat races in England.
University sport was established in Japan by the 1930s.
New Zealand universities's sports teams normally compete in local sports leagues against non-university teams. There is an annual national event which covers a large number of sports and competitive cultural activities (such as debating). The event is typically held over Easter, rotating around university centers.
During the 1970s, the National Union of South African Students worked to create a university sport programme where race was not considered in team and competition arrangements. The organisation faced some governmental hurdles. At the time, inter-racial sport was only allowed to be played on private grounds, which meant games and competitions could not be played on public university grounds. They had models from the University of Witwatersrand and the University of Cape Town which had already held such events.
British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) is the governing body for university and college sport in the UK. It runs leagues in 16 sports and an annual championship meeting, which in 2011 covered 19 sports.
During the 1990s, ultimate Frisbee became a popular sport in England with events organised on many university campuses. This university participation would help lead to the establishment of a national sport federation for ultimate Frisbee.
Universities in Wales support national development of athletics. One example of this is the Wales National Pool at Swansea University which with local government constructed a pool for high level development of swimming in Wales.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "World Student Games (Pre-Universiade)". Gbrathletics.com. http://www.gbrathletics.com/ic/wsg.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Geoffrey Sherington; Steve Georgakis (1 June 2008). Sydney University Sport 1852-2007: More Than a Club. Sydney University Press. ISBN 978-1-920898-91-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=5I0j6WRsTYQC&pg=PR16. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Trevor Slack (2004). The Commercialisation of Sport. Routledge. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-7146-8078-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=DzmaXnsYlVwC&pg=PA76. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Donald MacIntosh; Tom Bedecki; C. E. S. Franks (1 April 1988). Sport and Politics in Canada: Federal Government Involvement Since 1961. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. ISBN 978-0-7735-0665-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=VttrbtEkk-sC&pg=PA133. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 John Shujie Chen (2004). The Rise and Fall of Fu Ren University, Beijing: Catholic Higher Education in China. Psychology Press. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-0-415-94816-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=ywKw6CyWGuAC&pg=PA139. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 J. A. Mangan; Lamartine Pereira Da Costa (2002). Sport in Latin American Society: Past and Present. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7146-5126-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=oc-WBZwijCkC&pg=PA55. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Pasquale Anthony Leonardo and Adam Zagoria; Ultimate History (1 August 2005). Ultimate: The First Four Decades. Joe Seidler. ISBN 978-0-9764496-0-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=RIlx4Jpa154C&pg=PT187. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Peter Standish; Steven M. Bell (2004). Culture and Customs of Mexico. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-0-313-30412-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=GosHz-SKVR4C&pg=PA64. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Ana Paula a. De Haro; Silvia Dolores Zárate Guzmán; Alex M. Saragoza (31 March 2012). Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-34948-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=v49ppkhgtjMC&pg=PA587. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ South African Institute of Race Relations. A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-86982-010-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=tON_QHd2B2QC&pg=PA318. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ "2011 championship results". BUSC. http://www.bucs.org.uk/page.asp?section=15961§ionTitle=2011+results. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- ↑ Michael Hill (20 July 2007). In Pursuit of Excellence: A Student Guide to Elite Sports Development. Taylor & Francis. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-0-415-34934-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=2egTwKj9gYsC&pg=PA83. Retrieved 19 April 2012.