Edwin S. "Chaucer" Elliott (1879 in Kingston, Ontario – March 13, 1913) was a Canadian sportsman and a Hall of Fame referee and linesman. He is the grandfather of Bob Elliott, one of Canada's most respected sports writers.
At Queen's University he played for the hockey and football teams. He was captain of the football team for two years. He also played for the Kingston Granites, winners of the Canadian championship in 1899. He left the university before graduating to organise a semi-pro baseball club in Kingston, Ontario to compete in a league he formed with other teams in Ontario and New York.
During the winter of 1906 he coached the ORFU's Toronto Argonauts to a 3–2 record. The following year he was coach for the Montreal AAA's Winged Wheelers. In 1908 he was named the AAA's advisor for all sports. Elliott resigned from that position in 1910 to return to coach the Toronto Argonauts. The Argos finished 3–3 and tied with the Ottawa Rough Riders for second place in the IRFU. Elliott left that position in 1911 to become manager of the to become manager of the St. Thomas Saints of the Canadian Baseball League.
Elliott began his career as a hockey referee in 1903 with the Ontario Hockey Association. In 1912 he officiated the OHA finals between Toronto Canoe Club and Orillia.
In 1913 he was diagnosed with an irreversible form of cancer in the groin. He died in 1914 at the age of 34.
In 1961 he was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.