| File:Charley Pell.jpg |
Pell in 1977
|Born||February 17, 1941|
|Died||May 29, 2001 (aged 60)|
|Position(s)||Guard, defensive tackle|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
Mid-South Conference (1970)
Atlantic Coast Conference (1978)
ACC Coach of the Year (1977, 1978)
Charles Byron Pell (February 17, 1941 – May 29, 2001) was an American college football player and coach. Pell was an Alabama native and an alumnus of the University of Alabama, where he played college football. He is most notably remembered as the head coach of the Clemson University and the University of Florida football teams. Pell was credited with laying the foundation for the later success of both programs, but his coaching career was tainted by National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) rules violations.
Early life and education
Charley Pell was born in Albertville, Alabama in 1941. Neither of his parents had completed any education beyond the fifth grade. He did not play football until his senior year of high school. After graduating from high school, he attended the University of Alabama, having been recruited to play football for the Crimson Tide by coach Bear Bryant. Pell was undersized at 187 pounds, but he became an all-Southeastern Conference guard and defensive tackle. Pell played for Bryant's Crimson Tide from 1961 to 1963, including Bryant's first national championship team in 1961.
After graduating from the University of Alabama, Pell stayed in Tuscaloosa, serving as a graduate assistant under Bryant in 1964. Charlie Bradshaw, a former Alabama assistant and current Kentucky Wildcats football head coach, offered Pell a position as the defensive line coach at the University of Kentucky. While coaching at Kentucky, Pell met his future wife, Ward Noel.
Pell earned his first head coaching job at age 28 when he was hired by Jacksonville State University in 1969. He coached the Gamecocks to four consecutive winning seasons, including a 10–0 record and a Gulf South Conference championship in 1970. His overall record as head coach was 33–13–1.
After taking the defensive coordinator position for the Clemson Tigers football team in 1976, he was elevated to head coach in 1977 when Red Parker was fired. In his first year, he led the Tigers to the 1977 Gator Bowl—their first bowl invitation in 18 years. A year later, his Tigers won their first Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) championship in 11 years, and were ranked seventh in the final AP Poll—the highest final ranking in school history at the time. Pell was named ACC Coach of the Year in 1978, and compiled an 18–4–1 record.
Pell left Clemson after the 1978 regular season to become head coach at the University of Florida. He was succeeded at Clemson by assistant coach Danny Ford, who led the Tigers in the Gator Bowl. In 1982, it emerged that Pell and his staff had committed major NCAA infractions in player recruiting, for which the NCAA placed the Clemson football program on two years' probation. The Tigers were allowed to keep their 1978 ACC title.
Pell coached the Florida Gators football team from 1979 to 1984, posting a 33–26–3 record. The 1979 Gators suffered an 0–10–1 record—still the worst in school history. However, Pell's Gators quickly improved, with winning records and bowl invitations during the next four years. The Gators' improvement from 0–10–1 in 1979 to 8–4 in 1980 was the largest one-year turnaround in major college football history at the time. His 1983 Gators finished 9–2–1 and were ranked sixth in the final Associated Press football poll—the Gators' first-ever top-ten finish, and the highest final ranking in school history at the time.
NCAA investigation and resignation
After the 1982 season, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) began an investigation into possible rule violations by Pell and his staff at Florida. Pell took full responsibility for the violations in August 1984 and announced he would resign at the end of the season. However, on September 16, only three games into the season, the NCAA announced that Florida was alleged to have committed 107 infractions—including spying on other teams' practices, payments and gifts to players, and allowing walk-ons to stay in the athletic dorm. That night, university president Marshall Criser fired Pell and named his offensive coordinator, Galen Hall, as interim coach. Hall and the 1984 Gators won Florida's first-ever Southeastern Conference (SEC) football championship, but the SEC refused to allow the Gators to play in the Sugar Bowl; LSU went in their place. In January 1985, after it was ultimately determined that Pell and the Gators coaching staff had actually committed 59 infractions, the NCAA placed Florida on two years' probation and banned the Gators from bowl games and live television in 1985 and 1986. The NCAA also reduced the Gators' football scholarships by 20 over three years. To the shock and dismay of the team and fans, the SEC university presidents voted to retroactively vacate the Gators' 1984 SEC championship in the spring of 1985. The loss of scholarships proved to be the most crippling sanction in the long-term; with a depleted roster, the Gators did not win more than seven games from 1986 to 1989.
During his time at the University of Florida, Pell led the fund-raising efforts to make several major facility improvements at Florida Field, including the construction of a world-class training facility (the Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. Athletic Training Center), a major expansion of the south end zone seating and the construction of the first luxury skyboxes. Pell is credited by many with rebuilding Florida's football program and rehabilitating the finances of the school's athletic department. At the same time, he was condemned for committing NCAA violations whose repercussions hobbled the program for the rest of the decade.
After being fired by Florida, Pell was unable to secure another coaching job, a frustration that was a factor in a suicide attempt in 1994. Pell was treated for clinical depression and became a spokesman for depression awareness. He coached one season of high school football at the newly built Lake Region High School in Eagle Lake, Florida, but his new players were undersized and inexperienced, and the team finished 1–9. He worked as a real estate broker and auctioneer for several years before dying of lung cancer in 2001.
Head coaching record
|Jacksonville State Gamecocks (Alabama Collegiate Conference) (1969)|
|Jacksonville State Gamecocks (Mid-South/Gulf South Conference) (1970–1973)|
|Clemson Tigers (Atlantic Coast Conference) (1977–1978)|
|1978||Clemson||10–1*||6–0*||1st||Invited to Gator*||7*||6*|
|Florida Gators (Southeastern Conference) (1979–1984)|
|National championship Conference title Conference division title|
|†Indicates BCS bowl, Bowl Alliance or Bowl Coalition game. #Rankings from final Coaches' Poll. |
°Rankings from final AP Poll.
*Pell left for Florida after the 1978 regular season. Assistant coach Danny Ford coached the Tigers in the Gator Bowl. Clemson credits the regular season to Pell and the Gator Bowl to Ford.
** Pell was fired three games into the 1984 season. Assistant coach Galen Hall finished the season. Florida credits the first three games of the season to Pell and the final eight to Hall.
Assistant coaches and players under Charley Pell who became head coaches:
- Jimmye Laycock: William & Mary 1980–2018
- Danny Ford: Clemson 1978-1989; Arkansas 1993-1997
- Mike Shanahan: Los Angeles Raiders 1988-89; Denver Broncos 1995-2008; Washington Redskins 2010-2013
- Joe Kines: *Arkansas 1992; *Alabama 2006 * Interim
- Galen Hall: Florida 1984-89; Orlando Thunder WLAF 1992; Charlotte Rage AFL 1994; Rhein Fire NFL Europe 1995-2000; Orlando Rage XFL 2001
- Charlie Strong: *Florida 2004; Louisville 2010-2013; Texas 2014-2016; South Florida 2017-present *Interim
- Jim Parker: Alabama State 1983-84
- Mike Mularkey: Buffalo Bills 2004-05; Jacksonville Jaguars 2012; Tennessee Titans 2016-17
- Gene Chizik: Iowa State Cyclones 2007-08; Auburn Tigers 2009-2012
- Kerwin Bell: Jacksonville 2007-2015; Valdosta State 2016-present
- Alabama Crimson Tide
- Clemson Tigers
- Clemson University football recruiting scandal
- Florida Gators
- Florida Gators football, 1970–1979
- Florida Gators football, 1980–1989
- History of the University of Florida
- List of SEC Coaches of the Year
- List of University of Alabama people
- University Athletic Association
- Frank Litsky, "Charley Pell Is Dead at 60; Ousted as Florida Coach", The New York Times (May 31, 2001). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Bruce Lowitt, "Coaching at all costs", St. Petersburg Times (May 30, 2001). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- College Football Data Warehouse, Jacksonville State Coaching Records. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- College Football Data Warehouse, Clemson Coaching Records. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- College Football Data Warehouse, Florida Coaching Records Archived September 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- 2012 Florida Football Media Guide Archived May 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 111–112, 116 (2012). Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Antonya English, "100 things about 100 years of Gator football", St. Petersburg Times (August 27, 2006). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Jack Hairston, "UF axes Pell as football coach", Gainesville Sun, pp. 1A & 8A (September 17, 1984). Retrieved March 4, 2010. See also Jack McCallum, "Gatorgate May Be The Real Gatoraid", Sports Illustrated (November 19, 1984). Retrieved March 20, 2010.
- 1985 infraction report
- College Football Data Warehouse, Florida Yearly Results 1985–1989. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- "What they're saying", St. Petersburg Times (May 30, 2001). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Pat Dooley, "Pell succumbs to cancer: Winning was Pell's obsession", The Gainesville Sun, pp. 1C & 6C (May 30, 2001). Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, Inductees, Charley Pell. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- 2009 GSC Fall Sports Media Guide, Gulf South Conference, Birmingham, Alabama, p. 32 (2009). Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- 2009 Jacksonville State Football Media Guide, All Time Scores, Gamecocks Athletic Department, Jacksonville, Alabama, p. 196 (2009). Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Southeastern Conference, All-Time Football Standings 1970–1979 and All-Time Football Standings 1980–1989. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- College Football Data Warehouse, All-Time Records, Charley Pell Records by Year. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- 2012 Florida Football Media Guide, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida (2012).
- Carlson, Norm, University of Florida Football Vault: The History of the Florida Gators, Whitman Publishing, LLC, Atlanta, Georgia (2007). ISBN 0-7948-2298-3.
- Golenbock, Peter, Go Gators! An Oral History of Florida's Pursuit of Gridiron Glory, Legends Publishing, LLC, St. Petersburg, Florida (2002). ISBN 0-9650782-1-3.
- Hairston, Jack, Tales from the Gator Swamp: A Collection of the Greatest Gator Stories Ever Told, Sports Publishing, LLC, Champaign, Illinois (2002). ISBN 1-58261-514-4.
- McCarthy, Kevin M., Fightin' Gators: A History of University of Florida Football, Arcadia Publishing, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina (2000). ISBN 978-0-7385-0559-6.
- Nash, Noel, ed., The Gainesville Sun Presents The Greatest Moments in Florida Gators Football, Sports Publishing, Inc., Champaign, Illinois (1998). ISBN 1-57167-196-X.
- Nissenson, Herschel, Tales From College Football's Sidelines, Sports Publishing, New York (2001).
- Pleasants, Julian M., Gator Tales: An Oral History of the University of Florida, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (2006). ISBN 0-8130-3054-4.
- Proctor, Samuel, & Wright Langley, Gator History: A Pictorial History of the University of Florida, South Star Publishing Company, Gainesville, Florida (1986). ISBN 0-938637-00-2.
- Yaeger, Don, Undue Process: The NCAA's Injustice for All, Sports Publishing, New York (1991).