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A broadsheet' is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically 22.5 inches or 57 centimetres).

Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.

Description

Template:Comparison newspaper size.svg Many broadsheets measure approximately 29 12 by 23 12 inches (749 by 597 mm) per full broadsheet spread, twice the size of a standard tabloid. Australian and New Zealand broadsheets always have a paper size of A1 per spread (841 by 594 mm or 33.1 by 23.4 in). South African broadsheet newspapers have a double-page spread sheet size of 820 by 578 mm or 32.3 by 22.8 in (single-page live print area of 380 x 545 mm). Others measure 22 inches or 560 millimetres vertically.

In the United States, the traditional dimensions for the front page half of a broadsheet are 15 inches (381 mm) wide by 22 34 inches (578 mm) long. However, in efforts to save newsprint costs many U.S. newspapers [1] have downsized to 12 inches (305 mm) wide by 22 34 inches (578 mm) long for a folded page.[2][3]

Many rate cards and specification cards refer to the "broadsheet size" with dimensions representing the front page "half of a broadsheet" size, rather than the full, unfolded broadsheet spread. Some quote actual page size and others quote the "printed area" size.

The two versions of the broadsheet are:

  • Full broadsheet – The full broadsheet typically is folded vertically in half so that it forms four pages (the front page front and back and the back page front and back). The four pages are called a spread. Inside broadsheets are nested accordingly.
  • Half broadsheet – The half broadsheet is usually an inside page that is not folded vertically and just includes a front and back.

In uncommon instances, an entire newspaper can be a two-page half broadsheet or four-page full broadsheet. Totally self-contained advertising circulars inserted in a newspaper in the same format are referred to as broadsheets.

Broadsheets typically are also folded horizontally in half to accommodate newsstand display space. The horizontal fold however does not affect the page numbers and the content remains vertical. The most important newspaper stories are placed "above the (horizontal) fold." This contrasts with tabloids which typically do not have a horizontal fold (although tabloids usually have the four page to a sheet spread format).

The broadsheet has since emerged as the most popular format for the dissemination of printed news. The world's most widely circulated English-language daily broadsheet is The Times of India, a leading English-language daily newspaper from India, followed closely by Wall Street Journal from the United States, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations.

History

The broadsheet, broadside, was used as a format for musical and popular prints in the 17th century. Eventually the people began using the broadsheet as a source for political activism by reprinting speeches.

Broadsheet newspapers developed after the British in 1712 placed a tax on newspapers based on the number of their pages. Larger formats, however, had long been signs of status in printed objects, and still are in many places, and outside Britain the broadsheet developed for other reasons, including style and authority, unrelated to the British tax structure.

With the early mechanization of the 19th century came an increased production of printed materials including the broadside as well as the competing penny dreadful. In this period newspapers all over Europe began to print their issues on broadsheets. However, in the United Kingdom, the main competition for the broadside was the gradual reduction of the newspaper tax, beginning in the 1830s, and eventually its dismissal in 1855.[4]

With the increased production of newspapers and literacy, the demand for visual reporting and journalists led to the blending of broadsides and newspapers, creating the modern broadsheet newspaper.

Printing considerations

Modern printing facilities most efficiently print broadsheet sections in multiples of eight pages (with four front pages and four back pages). The broadsheet is then cut in half during the process. Thus the newsprint rolls used are defined by the width necessary to print four front pages. The width of a newsprint roll is called its web. Thus the new 12-inch-wide front page broadsheet newspapers in the United States use a 48-inch web newsprint roll.

With profit margins narrowing for newspapers in the wake of competition from broadcast, cable television, and the internet, newspapers are looking to standardize the size of the newsprint roll. The Wall Street Journal with its 12-inch wide frontpage was printed on 48-inch web newsprint. Early adopters in the downsizing of broadsheets used a 50-inch web (12 12-inch front pages). However the 48-inch web is now rapidly becoming the definitive standard in the U.S. The New York Times held out on the downsizing until July 2006, saying it would stick to its 54-inch web (13 12-inch front page)[citation needed]. However, the paper adopted the narrower format beginning Monday, 6 August 2007.

The smaller newspapers also have the advantage of being easier to handle, particularly among commuters.

Connotations

In some countries, especially Australia, Canada, the UK, and the U.S., broadsheet newspapers are commonly perceived to be more intellectual in content than their tabloid counterparts. They tend to use their greater size to publish stories exploring topics in depth, while carrying less sensationalist and celebrity-oriented material. This distinction is most obvious on the front page: whereas tabloids tend to have a single story dominated by a headline, broadsheets allow two or more stories to be displayed, of which the most important sit at the top of the page—"above the fold". In other countries, such as Spain, a small format is the universal standard for newspapers—a popular, sensational press has had difficulty taking root—and the tabloid size does not carry pejorative connotations.

On the other hand, a few newspapers, such as the German Bild-Zeitung and others throughout central Europe are clearly tabloids in terms of content, but use the physical broadsheet format.

Switch to smaller sizes

In the United Kingdom

In 2003, The Independent started concurrent production of both broadsheet and tabloid ("compact") editions, carrying exactly the same content. The Times did likewise, but with less apparent success, with readers vocally opposing the change. The Independent ceased to be available in broadsheet format in May 2004, and The Times followed suit from November 2004; The Scotsman is also now published only in tabloid format. The Guardian switched to the "Berliner" or "midi" format found in some other European countries (slightly larger than a traditional tabloid) on 12 September 2005. It was announced in June 2017 that the Guardian would again change format to tabloid size – the first tabloid edition was published on 15 January 2018.

The main motivation cited for this shift is that commuters prefer papers which they can hold easily on public transport, and it is presumably hoped that other readers will also find the smaller formats more convenient.

In the United States

In the United States, The Wall Street Journal made headlines when it announced its overseas version would convert to a tabloid on 17 October 2005.[5] There was strong debate in the U.S. on whether or not the rest of the national papers will, or even should, follow the trend of the British papers and The Wall Street Journal.[6] The Wall Street Journal overseas edition switched back to a broadsheet format in 2015.[7][8]

Notable broadsheets

Argentina

  • La Nación, a national newspaper. Since 31 October 2016, only weekend editions are printed on the traditional broadsheet format.[9]
  • Los Andes, Mendoza's newspaper.
  • La Gaceta, Tucumán's newspaper.
  • La voz del interior, Córdoba's newspaper.

Australia

  • The Australian, a national newspaper

Bangladesh

Most Bangladeshi daily newspapers are broadsheets.

  • The Daily Star, a Bangladeshi broadsheet English-language daily.
  • The Bangladesh Observer, oldest continuously published English-language daily in Bangladesh.
  • Daily Naya Diganta, a broadsheet Bengali-language daily in Bangladesh.
  • The Daily Ittefaq, oldest and most circulated newspaper of Bangladesh.
  • New Age
  • The Independent

Brazil

Most Brazilian newspapers are broadsheets, including the four most important:

  • O Globo, Rio de Janeiro
  • Folha de S.Paulo, São Paulo
  • O Estado de S. Paulo, São Paulo
  • Estado de Minas, Belo Horizonte

Canada

Almost all of Canada's major daily newspapers are broadsheets.[10] Newspapers are in English, unless stated otherwise.

National

  • The Globe and Mail
  • The National Post
  • Le Devoir (French)

Atlantic Canada

  • The Telegram, St. John's
  • The Chronicle-Herald, Halifax
  • The Times & Transcript, Moncton
  • The Telegraph Journal, Saint John, New Brunswick
  • The Daily Gleaner, Fredericton
  • The Charlottetown Guardian
  • Cape Breton Post, Sydney, Nova Scotia

Quebec

Ontario

  • The Hamilton Spectator
  • The Kingston Whig-Standard
  • The London Free Press
  • The Ottawa Citizen
  • The Pembroke Daily Observer
  • The Peterborough Examiner
  • The St. Catharines Standard
  • The Sudbury Star
  • The Chronicle-Journal
  • The Toronto Star
  • The Waterloo Region Record, Kitchener-Waterloo and Cambridge
  • The Windsor Star

The Prairies

  • The Winnipeg Free Press
  • The Brandon Sun, Brandon, Manitoba
  • The Saskatoon Star-Phoenix
  • The Regina Leader Post
  • The Edmonton Journal
  • The Red Deer Advocate, Red Deer, Alberta
  • The Calgary Herald
  • The Lethbridge Herald

West Coast

Chile

  • El Mercurio
  • El Sur

China

  • China Daily

Colombia

  • El Tiempo
  • El Espectador (switched to tabloid in 2008[11])
  • El Colombiano (switched to tabloid in 2012[11])
  • El Pais

Denmark

  • Jyllands-Posten (switched to tabloid in 2008)
  • Politiken[12]

Dominican Republic

  • Listín Diario
  • Hoy
  • La Información, Santiago de los Caballeros

Ecuador

Most are broadsheets

Finland

  • Keskisuomalainen
  • Turun Sanomat
  • Österbottens Tidning

France

  • L'Équipe (formerly)

Germany

  • Die Zeit
  • Die Welt
  • Süddeutsche Zeitung
  • Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
  • Der Tagesspiegel

Greece

  • Kathimerini
  • Estia

Hong Kong

  • South China Morning Post
  • Hong Kong Economic Journal

Hungary

  • Népszabadság
  • Magyar Nemzet

India

Almost all major newspapers in India are broadsheets. Tabloids are mostly found in small-circulation local or rural papers.

  • Law Sapient
  • Amar Ujala
  • Anandabazar Patrika
  • Eenadu
  • Aajkaal
  • Bartaman
  • DNA
  • Deccan Chronicle
  • Deccan Herald
  • Dinamalar
  • Dinathanthi
  • Dainik Jagran
  • Dainik Bhaskar
  • Ei Samay
  • Ekdin
  • Ganashakti
  • Hindustan
  • Hosa Digantha
  • Kannada Prabha
  • Lokmat
  • Prajavani
  • Pudhari
  • Sakshi
  • Sakal
  • Saamana
  • Samyuktha Karnataka
  • Sangbad Pratidin
  • State Times
  • Sudharma
  • The Financial Express
  • The Indian Express
  • The Economic Times
  • The Hindustan Times
  • The Hindu
  • The Hitavada
  • The New Indian Express
  • The Statesman
  • The Telegraph
  • The Times of India
  • Dainik Navajyoti
  • Malayala Manorama
  • Mathrubhumi
  • Varthabharathi
  • Imphal Free Press
  • Udayavani
  • Vijaya Karnataka
  • Vijaya Vani
  • Vishwavani
  • Deepika

Indonesia

  • Jawa Pos
  • Kompas

Ireland

  • The Irish Examiner
  • The Irish Independent only Business, Motors, Property supplements the rest switched to tabloid in December 2012, but Sport On Saturday became broadsheet on 29 August 2015.
  • The Irish Times
  • The Sunday Business Post
  • The Sunday Independent

Israel

  • Haaretz
  • Makor Rishon

Italy

  • Avvenire
  • Corriere della Sera
    • Corriere del Mezzogiorno
    • Corriere del Trentino
  • Corriere dello Sport – Stadio
  • Il Foglio
  • Il Mattino
  • Il Messaggero
  • Il Sole 24 Ore
  • La Sicilia
  • Tuttosport

Japan

  • Asahi Shimbun
  • Chunichi Shimbun
  • Mainichi Shimbun
  • Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  • Nikkan Sports
  • Sankei Shimbun
  • Seikyo Shimbun
  • Shimbun Akahata
  • Tokyo Sports
  • Yomiuri Shimbun
  • The Japan Times (English)

Lebanon

  • An-Nahar

Libya

  • Libya
  • Al Mayadeen

Malaysia

Newspapers such as New Straits Times and Berita Harian used to be published in broadsheet, but were published in smaller size instead, from 2005 and 2008, respectively. However, almost all Chinese newspapers in the country continue to publish in broadsheet.

  • The Borneo Post
  • Utusan Borneo
  • Utusan Malaysia
  • Nanyang Siang Pau
  • Sin Chew Daily
  • Kwong Wah Yit Poh

Mauritius

  • L'Express
  • The Independent

Mexico

  • El Informador, Guadalajara, Jalisco
  • El Universal, Mexico City
  • El Norte, Monterrey, Nuevo León

New Zealand

  • The New Zealand Herald, Auckland. Only the Saturday edition is broadsheet, the weekday editions switched to tabloid in September 2012.
  • Waikato Times, Hamilton
  • The Dominion Post, Wellington
  • The Press, Christchurch
  • Otago Daily Times, Dunedin
  • Taranaki Daily News, New Plymouth
  • The Southland Times, Invercargill

Pakistan

All Pakistan regional and national newspapers are broadsheets. Pakistan Today is the first and only paper in Berliner format.

  • The News International
  • Dawn
  • Express Tribune
  • The Daily Times
  • Daily Express
  • The Nation

Panama

  • La Prensa

Formerly:*La Estrella de Panamá (Tabloid)

Peru

  • El Comercio, Lima

Philippines

  • Philippine Daily Inquirer
  • The Philippine Star
  • Manila Bulletin
  • Manila Standard
  • The Manila Times
  • The Daily Tribune
  • BusinessWorld
  • Business Mirror
  • Chinese Commercial News (菲律賓商報)
  • Manila Shimbun (日刊まにら新聞)
  • United Daily News (聯合日報)
  • World News (世界日報)

Poland

All of Poland's quality national dailies (Gazeta Wyborcza, Rzeczpospolita, Nasz Dziennik, and Dziennik Polska-Europa-Świat) are now published in compact format.

Portugal

  • Expresso, Lisboa[13]

Puerto Rico

  • El Mundo

Romania

  • Jurnalul Național, Bucharest

Russia

  • Izvestia
  • Kommersant
  • Russia Beyond the Headlines
  • "Rossiyskaya Gazeta"

Serbia

  • Politika

Singapore

  • The Straits Times
  • Lianhe Zaobao
  • Berita Harian (Singapore)

Sri Lanka

  • The Sunday Leader

South Africa

  • Beeld
  • Pretoria News
  • The Star
  • The Sunday Times
  • Die Burger
  • The Cape Times

Spain

All newspapers in Spain are printed in compact format.

Sweden

The first major Swedish newspaper to leave the broadsheet format and start printing in tabloid format was Svenska Dagbladet, on 16 November 2000. As of August 2004, there were 26 broadsheet newspapers in total, with a combined circulation of 1,577,700 and 50 newspapers in tabloid with a combined circulation of 1,129,400. On 5 October 2004, the morning newspapers Göteborgs-Posten, Dagens Nyheter, Sydsvenskan and Östersunds-Posten all switched to tabloid, thus making it the leading format for morning newspapers in Sweden by volume of circulation. Most other broadsheet newspapers have followed since. The last daily Swedish newspaper to switch to tabloid was Jönköpings-Posten, 6 November 2013.[14]

Thailand

  • Thairath (Template:Lang-th)
  • The Bangkok Post

Turkey

Most of the newspapers in Turkey are printed on this format. Notable ones include:

  • Cumhuriyet
  • Sabah
  • Hurriyet
  • Milliyet
  • Posta
  • Zaman

Ukraine

  • Dzerkalo Tyzhnia

United Arab Emirates

  • Khaleej Times
  • The National
  • Gulf News

United Kingdom

UK wide

  • The Daily Telegraph (The Sunday Telegraph)
  • The Financial Times (Monday to Saturday Only)
  • The Sunday Times

England

  • Yorkshire Post

Scotland

  • The Herald
  • The Press and Journal

United States

Almost all major papers in the United States are broadsheets.

Vatican City

  • L'Osservatore Romano

See also

32x28px Journalism portal
  • Berliner
  • Compact
  • List of newspapers
  • Newspaper format
  • Paper size
  • Tabloid

References

  1. Roy Peter (17 February 2006). "Watch Out, Broadsheet: Tabloid Power Is Gonna Get Your Mama". Poynter Institute. http://www.poynter.org/content/content_view.asp?id=97061. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  2. Katharine Q. Seelye (4 December 2006). "In Tough Times, a Redesigned Journal". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/04/business/media/04journal.html. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  3. "The New York Times Plans to Consolidate New York Print Run at Newest Facility in College Point, Queens and Sublease Older Edison, New Jersey, Printing Plant in Early 2008" (Press release). The New York Times Company. 18 July 2006. http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=105317&p=irol-pressArticle&ID=883079. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  4. "The Word on the Street – Background". National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100205045739/http://www.nls.uk/broadsides/background.html. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  5. Milt Freudenheim (9 May 2005). "Abroad, The Wall Street Journal Will Be a Tabloid". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/09/business/health/media-abroad-the-wall-street-journal-will-be-a-tabloid.html. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  6. "For American Publishers, Broadsheets Are Bright Stars. News & Tech.
  7. Sweney, Mark (11 June 2015). "Wall Street Journal to revamp European and Asian editions in broadsheet format" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/media/2015/jun/11/wall-street-journal-european-and-asian-editions-broadsheet.
  8. "Wall Street Journal Europe to print 50 per cent more content as it switches back to broadsheet". Press Gazette. http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/wall-street-journal-europe-print-50-cent-more-content-it-switches-back-broadsheet.
  9. "La Nación, con un nuevo formato: la edición impresa ahora es un compacto", Diario La Nación, 30 October 2016.
  10. "Every Daily Newspaper in Canada". Fishwrap.ca. http://fishwrap.ca/. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "El tabloide: el futuro de los periódicos impresos o la evolución de la prensa en el mundo". http://pompiliooo.blogspot.com/2012/02/el-tabloide-el-futuro-de-los-periodicos.html.
  12. "Analysis of Danish Media setting and framing of Muslims, Islam and racism" (Working paper). Danish National Centre for Social Research. March 2012. http://www.ces.uc.pt/projectos/tolerace/media/Working%20paper%205/Analysis%20of%20Danish%20Media%20setting%20and%20framing%20of%20Muslims%20Islam%20and%20racism.pdf. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  13. "Newspaper Sizes". Paper Sizes. http://www.paper-sizes.com/other-paper-sizes/newspaper-sizes. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  14. [unreliable source?] Boström, Svenåke (10 November 2004). "Mindpark #049: Tabloidtisdagen" (in Swedish). Mindpark. Archived from the original on 7 May 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120507111000/http://mindpark.se/mindpark-49-tabloidtisdagen-%E2%80%93-5-oktober-2004/. Retrieved 10 August 2012.