Boca Raton, Florida
|City of Boca Raton|
|Mizner Park is a downtown attraction in Boca Raton.|
Mizner Park is a downtown attraction in Boca Raton.
A City for All Seasons
|Location in Palm Beach County, Florida|
Location in Palm Beach County, Florida
|Coordinates: Script error|
|County||24px Palm Beach|
|Settled (Boca Raton Settlement)||Circa 1895|
|Incorporated||May 26, 1925|
|• Mayor||Scott Singer (R)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Jeremy Rodgers|
|• Councilmembers||Monica Mayotte, Andrea Levine O'Rourke, Jeremy Rodgers, Andy Thomson|
|• City Manager||Leif J. Ahnell|
|• City Clerk||Susan S. Saxton|
|• Total||31.59 sq mi (81.81 km2)|
|• Land||29.18 sq mi (75.57 km2)|
|• Water||2.41 sq mi (6.23 km2)|
|Elevation||13 ft (<span data-sort-value="Script error"></span>Script error m)|
|Climate data for Boca Raton, Florida|
|Record high °F (°C)||88||94||92||94||98||98||99||98||98||98||91||89||Template:Max/27|
|Average high °F (°C)||76||77||81||82||86||89||91||91||89||86||81||78|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||67||68||71||74||79||82||83||83||82||79||74||70||76|
|Average low °F (°C)||58||60||63||66||71||75||75||76||75||72||66||61||67|
|Record low °F (°C)||27||31||32||40||54||60||64||66||61||47||35||30||Template:Min/27|
|Precipitation inches (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.m)||2.78||2.76||3.00||3.40||5.73||7.31||5.94||6.91||7.01||5.73||4.24||2.46||57.27|
|Source: The Weather Channel|
<tr><td style="text-align:center">1930</td><td style="padding-left:8px">447</td><td></td><td style="padding-left:8px">|
|Boca Raton Demographics|
|2010 Census||Boca Raton||Palm Beach County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+12.9%||+16.7%||+17.6%|
|Population density||2,877.2/sq mi||670.2/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||88.5%||73.5%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||79.1%||60.1%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||5.2%||17.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||11.9%||19.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.2%||0.5%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.1%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.6%||2.3%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||2.0%||3.9%||3.6%|
Boca Raton is known for its affluent and educated social community and high income demographic.
As of 2010, there were 44,539 households, out of which 17.4% were vacant. As of 2000, 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.81.
In 2000, the city's age distribution was as follows: 18.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $67,531, and the median income for a family was $92,057. Males had a median income of $52,287 versus $33,347 for females. The per capita income for the city was $45,628. About 4.1% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
According to Forbes, Boca Raton has three of the ten most expensive gated communities in the U.S. The Royal Palm Yacht and Country Club holds the #1 spot, The Sanctuary takes #6, and Le Lac takes the #8 spot.
As of 2000, English was the only language spoken at home by 79.9% of the population, while Spanish was spoken by 9.3%, French by 1.5%, Portuguese by 1.5%, French Creole by 1.3%, and Italian by 1.1% of the population. Certain areas of Boca Raton, such as the Sandalfoot Cove community, have significant populations of Brazilian and other Latino immigrants.
Culture and attractionsEdit
Old Floresta Historic District has several historic houses listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Boca Raton was home to the Wick Theatre & Costume Museum. The Caldwell Theatre Company, which closed in 2012, was the longest-running professional theater in South Florida, celebrating its 34th season in the recently[when?] inaugurated Count de Hoernle Theatre on South Federal Highway.
Festivals and eventsEdit
The Boca Raton Bowl is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sanctioned Division I college football bowl game that features the Mid-American Conference (MAC) facing off against an opponent from the American Athletic Conference (AAC) or Conference USA (C-USA) in alternating years. Each conference participates four times during the six-year agreement, which began with the 2014 season. The Bowl is held at the FAU Stadium.
Boca Raton hosts one of the largest Greek Festivals in southern Florida during the last weekend of January on Yamato Road. Tens of thousands of people come to sample authentic Greek food while watching Greek dancing.
Additionally, the town hosts the "Festival of the Arts BOCA" annually during the spring, and the Brazilian Beat Festival in the fall.
Mizner Park is a lifestyle center in downtown Boca Raton. The area contains several stores and fashion boutiques, restaurants, an iPic movie theater, and housing. The Center for the Arts at Mizner Park is on the development's north end, which includes the Boca Raton Museum of Art and the Count de Hoernele Amphitheater.
Town Center MallEdit
Town Center at Boca Raton is an upscale super-regional shopping center in Boca Raton that is the largest enclosed and conventional shopping mall within Palm Beach County, and the third largest by square feet in South Florida, behind Sawgrass Mills and Aventura Mall.
In 1999, the Simon Property Group bought Town Center at Boca Raton and began building a new wing on its southeastern side. In late 2006, Simon began the construction stage of an outdoor lifestyle center near that wing which includes a variety of restaurants, bar/lounge (Blue Martini), and a gym (YouFit Health Clubs).
Beaches and parksEdit
Red Reef Park has the Gumbo Limbo Environmental Complex, an environmental education center. Founded in 1984, Gumbo Limbo is a cooperative project of the City of Boca Raton, Greater Boca Raton Beach and Park District, Florida Atlantic University, and Friends of Gumbo Limbo. In addition to the sea tanks, butterfly garden and boardwalk trail through the hammocks complete with an observation tower, Gumbo Limbo also houses a research facility run by FAU where students study coral reefs, sea turtles, sharks, sea grass and other marine-related subjects.
Sugar Sand Park is a municipal park in Boca Raton. It contains the Children's Science Explorium. Another park is the Burt Aaronson South County Regional Park in West Boca Raton. The park contains several amenities, including the Osprey Point Golf Course, a dog park, the Sunset Cove Amphitheater, the Coconut Cove Waterpark, and the Daggerwing Nature Center. Spanish River Park is a family-friendly city park along the Intracoastal Waterway for picnicking, swimming & bird-watching.
Office Depot, a supplier of office products and services, has its global headquarters on a 28-acre campus in the city. The GEO Group, a company that operates prisons, also has its headquarters in Boca Raton based out of One Park Place. Media companies American Media and FriendFinder Networks, hotel company Luxury Resorts, consumer products company Jarden and e-retailers Vitacost plus BMI Gaming are also based in Boca Raton.
According to the City's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Boca Raton Regional Hospital||2,800|
|2||Florida Atlantic University||2,761|
|3||Office Depot (Headquarters)||2,034|
|4||City of Boca Raton||1,550|
|5||Boca Raton Resort and Club||1,376|
|6||National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI)||923|
|7||Johnson Controls / Tyco (Headquarters)||898|
|9||ADT Security Services (Headquarters)||600|
Public education is provided and managed by The School District of Palm Beach County, the thirteenth-largest public school district in the United States. Boca Raton is also home to several notable private and religious schools.
As of 2007, Boca Raton was served by four public high schools. Within the city's limits, Boca Raton Community High School serves the eastern part of the city. Spanish River Community High School serves the west-central part of the city limits and parts of unincorporated Boca Raton. Olympic Heights Community High School serves the western unincorporated areas. Finally, West Boca Raton Community High School serves the far-west unincorporated areas. Spanish River, Olympic Heights, and West Boca Raton also serve students from Delray Beach and Boynton Beach.
The area is served by five public middle schools. Don Estridge High Tech Middle School is a technology magnet school named for Don Estridge, the leader of a small group of engineers who developed the IBM Personal Computer in Boca Raton. The other four public middle schools are Boca Raton Community Middle School, Eagles Landing Middle School, Loggers' Run Community Middle School, and Omni Middle School.
The area is served by twelve public elementary schools:
- Addison Mizner Elementary
- Boca Raton Elementary
- Calusa Elementary
- Coral Sunset Elementary
- Del Prado Elementary
- Hammock Pointe Elementary
- J.C. Mitchell Elementary
- Sandpiper Shores Elementary
- Sunrise Park Elementary
- Verde Elementary
- Waters Edge Elementary
- Whispering Pines Elementary
Two alternatives to the Palm Beach County Public Schools in Boca Raton are the K-8 Alexander D. Henderson University School (ADHUS) and FAU High School (FAUHS). Both are on the Florida Atlantic University campus and are organized as a unique and separate school district; they are not part of the Palm Beach County School System. Henderson School is recognized as Florida Atlantic University School District #72, under the College of Education's administrative oversight.
University schools in Florida are authorized to provide instruction for grades K-12 and university students, support university research efforts, and test educational reforms for Florida schools. Both ADHUS and FAUHS are public schools and thus do not charge tuition. And they are open to children who reside in Palm Beach County or Broward County. ADHUS admission is by lottery, while FAUHS admission is determined by academic ability. Student characteristics of gender, race, family income and student ability are used to match the student population profile to that of the state.
FAU High School is a dual-enrollment program that involves itself primarily in collegiate classes. Students in ninth grade take advanced classes at the ADHUS sister campus, while students in higher grades attend only collegiate classes on Florida Atlantic University's campus, earning dual credit for both high school and college. A student who has successfully completed all four years at FAU High School will graduate having completed three years of university study on a college campus.
- Boca Raton Christian School, a part of Boca Raton Community Church
- The Harid Conservatory (pre-professional ballet high school)
- Katz Hillel Day School of Boca Raton
- Pine Crest School, based in Fort Lauderdale, has a campus in Boca Raton. The Boca Raton campus, originally Boca Raton Academy, was absorbed by Pine Crest in 1987.
- Saint Jude Catholic School and Parish is an Elementary and Middle School founded in 1985. The Parish also has a Preschool founded in 1995.
- Saint Andrew's School
- Pope John Paul II High School
- Grandview Preparatory School is an independent college preparatory, nonsectarian, coeducational day school founded in 1997. Student enrollment is offered for Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12.
- Donna Klein Jewish Academy
- Boca Prep International School
- Saint Joan of Arc Catholic School and Church
- Katz Yeshiva High School of Boca Raton
- Summit Private School, a Montessori school
- Spanish River Christian
- Saint Paul Lutheran School
- Advent Lutheran School
- Torah Academy of Boca Raton
- American Heritage School
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</div> Florida Atlantic University (FAU), founded in 1961, held its first classes in Boca Raton in 1964. FAU is a member of the State University System of Florida and is the largest university in Boca Raton. It has over 29,000 students, 3,555 of which are residential students, and a Division I athletics program. In recognition of the rapid growth of Boca Raton's universities, in particular FAU, the city of Boca Raton has recently been referred to as a "burgeoning college town."
Lynn University is a four-year co-educational institution renamed to honor the Lynn (Eugene & Christine) family who continue to be benefactors of the university.
Palm Beach State College has its Boca Raton campus adjacent to Florida Atlantic University since 1983. When it was opened, it was named Palm Beach Junior College. In 1988 it changed its name to Palm Beach Community College, and in 2009, to Palm Beach State College.
Everglades University has its main campus in Boca Raton.
The Boca Raton Public Library serves city of Boca Raton residents. A second municipal library building on Spanish River Boulevard west of I-95 opened in January 2008. The Glades Road Branch Library and the West Boca Branch Library of the Palm Beach County Library System serve Boca Raton residents who live outside the city limits.
County library card holders may use any of the sixteen branches in the Palm Beach County Library System and have access to many databases and downloadable e-books and audio books.
In 2007 it was reported that there were nine known gangs operating in Boca Raton.
Boca Raton has a connection to the Mafia. It is known as a popular hangout for many suspected Mafia members. According to a number of US Federal indictments, as of June 2004, the Gambino family continues to operate in Boca Raton. The television show The Sopranos featured the city in its plot ("Boca" and "...To Save Us All From Satan's Power"), and Mafia Wife author Lynda Milito resides in Boca Raton. Joey Merlino, the reputed head of the Philadelphia crime family, also resides in northern Boca Raton.
In 2007, several murders at the Town Center Mall gained national attention. In March, a 52-year-old woman was kidnapped and murdered. In December of the same year, a 47-year-old woman and her 7-year-old daughter were also kidnapped, and later found bound and shot in the head in the woman's SUV in the mall parking lot. This case was featured on America's Most Wanted and caused host John Walsh to say he believed a serial killer to be in the city. Though there is no forensic evidence to suggest the murders were committed by the same person, the similarities in the cases led police to believe they were related. To this day, the murders all remain unsolved.
The Pearl City neighborhood has been known as a drug trafficking hub in the past. In recent years, the city, like most of the county (especially neighboring Delray Beach) has experienced a steady rise in heroin and opioid overdoses.
- The Boca Raton Airport (BCT) is a general aviation airport immediately adjacent to Florida Atlantic University and Interstate 95. It has a control tower which is manned from 0700 to 2300. The Boca Raton Airport is publicly owned and governed by a seven-member Authority appointed by the City of Boca Raton and the Palm Beach County Commission.
- Palm Beach International Airport (PBI) is to the north near West Palm Beach.
- Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (FLL) is to the south in Dania Beach.
In addition, another option for short or long distance flights is Miami International Airport.
- State Road A1A is a north-south road lying between the Intracoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean.
- U.S. Highway 1, locally known as "Federal Highway", is a north-south highway passing through the city's downtown, commercial, and industrial districts in the eastern part of the city.
- U.S. Highway 441, also popularly known as State Road 7, is a north-south highway passing through commercial and residential districts west of the city limits.
- Interstate 95 bisects the city from north to south with four interchanges serving Boca Raton.
- Florida's Turnpike is a north-south highway passing through unincorporated Boca Raton, forming part of the city limits in the north, with one interchange at Glades Road.
- State Road 808 (Glades Road) is an east-west road between US 441 and US 1.
- Other major east-west roads include Palmetto Park Road and Yamato Road.
- Other major north-south roads include Military Trail and Powerline Road.
- The Tri-Rail commuter rail system serves the city with its Boca Raton station on the south side of Yamato Road just west of I-95.
- CSX Transportation and the Florida East Coast Railway also serve the city.
Long before any settlers arrived, the original 1870 government survey of the area showed that just west of and parallel to the Atlantic Ocean's coastal dune was the "Boca Ratones Lagoon", which extended south for Script error measured from just north of the present location of Atlantic Avenue in Delray Beach. Along the southern half of the lagoon were three wide areas each called a "Lake", which are now named (north to south) Lake Rogers, Lake Wyman, and Lake Boca Raton. At the southeast end of the lagoon was a short protrusion toward the south which would become the Boca Raton Inlet after a sandbar at its mouth was removed.
The lagoon and lakes were part of a half-mile (0.8 km) wide swamp, west of which was scrub land a mile (1.6 km) wide (part of the Atlantic coastal ridge) where the Florida East Coast Railway (1896) and Dixie Highway (1923) were built. To the west of the scrub was a half mile or wider swamp within which flowed north to south the "Prong of Hillsborough River", which is now the El Rio Canal. It now forms the eastern border of Florida Atlantic University and the Old Floresta neighborhood. The prong entered the "Hillsborough River" at the present eastern end of the straight portion of the Hillsboro Canal (dredged 1911–14), which is the southern city limits. The river flowed southeast in several channels along the western edge of the present Deerfield Island County Park, formerly called Capone Island (named for Al Capone who owned it during the 1930s), which did not become an island until the Royal Palm Canal was dredged along its northern edge in 1961. Flowing south from the lagoon to the river along the eastern edge of the 'island' was a "Small boat Pass into Hillsboro' River", also called the Little Hillsboro. The river continued due south about Script error just inland of the coastal dune until it emptied into the Atlantic Ocean at the "Hillsborough Bar", now the Hillsboro Inlet.
The lagoon was dredged in 1894–95 to form part of the Florida East Coast Canal from Jacksonville to Biscayne Bay with a minimum depth of Script error and a minimum width of Script error. After 1895, the lagoon and canal were sometimes called the Spanish River. Between 1930 and 1935 the canal was improved to Script error by the federal government and renamed the Intracoastal Waterway. It was improved again between 1960 and 1965 to Script error. All three versions were subject to shoaling which reduced their depths below the specified minimum. Forming part of the northern city limits is the C-15 canal, connecting the El Rio Canal to the Intracoastal Waterway.
See also Edit
- Boca Raton, Florida portal
- Millionaires' Mile
- Boca Raton News
- Coral Springs, Florida
- Delray Beach, Florida
- Coconut Creek, Florida
- Wellington, Florida
- "Bocaratone". Florida State Gazetteer and Business Directory. R. L. Polk & Co.. 1918. https://archive.org/stream/rlpolkcosflorida01rlpo#page/n161/mode/2up.
- Spanish River Papers, Boca Raton Historical Society, http://www.bocahistory.org/spanish-river-papers/default.asp 1973-
- Donald W. Curl (1986). "Boca Raton and the Florida Land Boom of the 1920s". Tequesta (Historical Association of Southern Florida) 46. ISSN 0363-3705. http://digitalcollections.fiu.edu/tequesta/files/1986/86_1_02.pdf. Template:Free access
- Curl, Donald W. and John P. Johnson. Boca Raton: A Pictorial History. Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Company, 1990.
- Sally J. Ling (2005). Small Town, Big Secrets: Inside the Boca Raton Army Air Field During World War II. History Press. ISBN 1-59629-006-4.
- Paul T. Hellmann (2006). "Florida: Boca Raton". Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-135-94859-3.
- Susan Gillis; Boca Raton Historical Society (2007). Boomtime Boca: Boca Raton in the 1920s. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-4443-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=8METlWXqqLMC.
- 16x16px Boca Raton travel guide from Wikivoyage
- City of Boca Raton
- Downtown Boca
- Greater Boca Raton Chamber of Commerce
- "Boca Raton". Viva Florida: History Happened Here. Tallahassee: Florida League of Cities. http://vivafl500.org/find-a-city/.
- "(Boca Raton)". Florida Memory. Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services. https://www.floridamemory.com/solr-search/results/?q=%28Boca%20Raton%20OR%20tt%3ABoca%20Raton%5E10%29&query=Boca%20Raton.
- Items related to Boca Raton, various dates (via Digital Public Library of America)
- "Government: City Clerk". City of Boca Raton. https://www.myboca.us/607/City-Clerk. "Record keeping"