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Big Ten Conference
Established1896
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members14
Sports fielded25 (men's: 12; women's: 13)
RegionMidwestern United States
Mid-Atlantic United States (Penn State)
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
HeadquartersPark Ridge, Illinois
CommissionerJames Delany (since 1989)
Websitebigten.org
Locations

The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its fourteen member institutions (which are primarily flagship research universities in their respective states, well-regarded academically, and with relatively large student enrollment) are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to New Jersey in the east, and from Maryland in the south to Minnesota in the north. The conference competes in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. Member schools of the Big Ten also are members of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, a leading educational consortium.

Despite the conference's name, the Big 10 actually consists of fourteen schools, following the addition of Pennsylvania State University in 1993 and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 2011. It is not to be confused with the Big 12 Conference, which, paradoxically, has only ten schools and represents a different region of the country.

MembersEdit

Big Ten institutions are also, along with charter member the University of Chicago, part of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, which shares a $5.6 billion research fund.

-
Institution Location (Population) Founded Joined Big Ten Type Enrollment Nickname Varsity Teams NCAA Championships (As of September 1, 2011)[1]
(excludes football)
Big Ten Championships (As of December 2011)[2]
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Urbana (41,250) and Champaign, Illinois
(81,055)
1867 1896 Public 41,918[3] Fighting
Illini
21 17 230
Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana
(80,405)
1820 1899
(Athletics 1900)
Public 42,464[4] Hoosiers 24 23 163
University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa
(67,062)
1847 1899
(Athletics 1900)
Public 30,893[5] Hawkeyes 24 25 105
University of Maryland, College Park College Park, Maryland 1856 Public 37,641 $791.8 Terrapins 1953 27 24 187
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan
(114,024)
1817 1896
(Inactive 1907–1916)
Public 37,197[6][7] Wolverines 27 33 351
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan
(48,579)[8]
1855 1950
(Athletics 1953)
Public 43,159[9][10] Spartans 25 19 84
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Minneapolis, Minnesota
(388,020)
1851 1896 Public 52,557[11] Golden Gophers 23 21 178
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska
(251,624)
1869 2011 Public 24,593[12] Cornhuskers 21 23 1
Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois
(74,239)
1851 1896 Private 14,988[13] Wildcats 19 7 69
The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio
(787,033)
1870 1912 Public 56,064[14] Buckeyes 35 21 185
Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania
(38,420)
1855 1990
(Athletics 1993)
Public 44,817[15] Nittany
Lions
29 38 57
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana
(28,778)
1869 1896 Public 39,637[16] Boilermakers 18 3 69
Rutgers University ± New Brunswick, New Jersey
(55,181)
1766 Public 38,912 1995 </sup> Scarlet Knights $603,083,000
University of Wisconsin–Madison Madison, Wisconsin
(223,389)
1848 1896 Public 42,595 [17] Badgers 23 28 183

Former memberEdit

Institution Location Founded Member of Big Ten Type Undergrad Enrollment Nickname Varsity Teams NCAA Championships (as a member) Big Ten Championships
University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1890 1896–1946 Private 5,027 Maroons 19 1 73

EndowmentsEdit

Conference Rank National Rank Institution Location Endowment Funds Percentage Change YOY
1 7 University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan $6,564,144,000 9.4%
2 9 Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois $5,945,277,000 9.2%
3 26 University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota $2,195,740,000 5.3%
4 30 The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio $1,869,312,000 13.2%
5 32 Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana $1,633,034,000 12.0%
6 35 University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin $1,551,384,000 13.0%
7 41 Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan $1,449,408,000 8.1%
8 43 Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana $1,371,025,000 11.8%
9 44 The Pennsylvania State University State College, Pennsylvania $1,368,031,000 11.6%
10 48 University of Illinois Champaign, Illinois $1,289,871,000 9.6%
11 54 University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska $1,143,051,000 18.5%
12 81 University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa $791,231,000 17.1%
  • Data provided by the National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute as of June 30, 2010.[18]

Membership timelineEdit

University of Nebraska-LincolnPennsylvania State UniversityMichigan State UniversityOhio State UniversityUniversity of IowaIndiana University BloomingtonUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonPurdue UniversityNorthwestern UniversityUniversity of MinnesotaUniversity of MichiganUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUniversity of Chicago

SportsEdit

The Big Ten sponsors the following 25 sports:[19]

Men's sportsEdit

Women's sportsEdit

HistoryEdit

On January 11, 1895, the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[21] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[22] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Purdue, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Chicago, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[23] but was turned away both times. In January 1908, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[24] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first reference to the conference as the Big Ten was in November 1917 after Michigan rejoined following a nine-year absence.

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939 and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to gain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Pittsburgh, Nebraska, Michigan State, Marquette, Notre Dame, and Iowa State would replace Chicago at the time.[25] On May 20, 1949,[22] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years.

File:Big Ten Conference Logo.svg

The conference’s official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation. In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams, and extended an invitation to Penn State, which accepted it.[26] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided that the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 is disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri had shown interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[27] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri, and Rutgers, or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two divisions.[28] These talks died when the Big 8 Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Following the addition of previously independent Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. Early in the 20th century, Notre Dame briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to maintain its independence instead.[29] However, in 1999, both Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although the Notre Dame faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near unanimous vote, the ND board of trustees decided against joining the conference and Notre Dame ultimately withdrew from negotiations. [2]

2010 expansionEdit

File:BigTenLocations3.png

In December 2009 Big Ten Conference commissioner, Jim Delany, announced that the league was looking to expand. By April of the following year, media outlets speculated an expansion to as many as 14 or 16 teams.[30] Media reports speculated the major motives for expansion were to increase the reach of the Big Ten Network and to launch a potentially lucrative conference championship. The conference reportedly receives as much as 88 cents per month for every Big Ten Network subscriber in Big Ten territory as of June, 2010. In the 2008–09 fiscal year, the Big Ten Network distributed $6.4 million to each of the conference's 11 schools.[31]

On June 11, 2010 the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[32] The conference retained the name "Big Ten".

On September 1, Delany revealed the conference's divisional split[33] and announced the new division names on December 13, 2010: Legends and Leaders. When explaining the names, he said:

The Legends, not too hard in that we have 215 College Football Hall of Fame members, we have 15 Heisman Trophy winners ... We thought it made perfect sense to recognize the iconic and the legendary through the naming of the division in that regard ... We've had plenty of leaders in the conference, that's for sure, but the emphasis here is to recognize the mission of using intercollegiate athletics and higher education to build future leaders.[34]

Contrary to what Delaney expected, the new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. For one thing, the placement of Northwestern in the Legends Division proved to be massively controversial: this meant that they were in a different division from instate rival Illinois.[35]

For the football season, each team plays the others in its division, one "cross-over" game, and two rotating cross-divisional games. The following table shows the permanent inter-divisional opponent for each school, with the rivalries listed by number of games played (records through the completion of the 2010 season with Legends Division wins listed first).[36]

Legends Division Leaders Division Series Record
Minnesota Wisconsin 59–54–8[37]
Michigan Ohio State 57–43–6[38]
Northwestern Illinois 46–53–5[39]
Iowa Purdue 33–45–3[40]
Michigan State Indiana 40–15–2[41]
Nebraska Penn State 7–7–0[42]
Overall Inter-Divisional Record 243–213–24

CommissionersEdit

The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[21]

Name Years Notes
John L. Griffith 1922–1944 died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson 1945–1961 retired
William R. Reed 1961–1971 died in office
Wayne Duke 1971–1989 retired
James Delany 1989–

AcademicsEdit

The Big Ten Conference is known for its academics as well as its athletics. Prior to the addition of Nebraska on July 1, 2011, it was the only Division I conference to have all its members in the Association of American Universities (AAU).[43] Nebraska was removed from the AAU in April 2011, due to the AAU no longer allowing Nebraska to include their Medical Center in the AAU formula and the decreased weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. However, Nebraska does lead the NCAA with a record of 291 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221).[44][45] Currently no Division I conference has all its members in the AAU, but a Division III conference, University Athletic Association, is composed of entirely AAU members.

The Big Ten also runs the Committee on Institutional Cooperation along with the University of Chicago, which allows schools at participating institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[46] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[47] They also employ collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[48]

Awards and honorsEdit

Conference recordsEdit

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[51]

Conference championshipsEdit

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[52]

FootballEdit

Big Ten Championship GameEdit

With the addition of Nebraska to the Big Ten Conference beginning in the 2011 season, the Big Ten Conference announced on August 5, 2010, that the inaugural Big Ten Football Championship Game would be held at the Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis.[53] Fox Sports will televise the conference championship games from 2011–16. The first game was on December 3, 2011 between Michigan State and Wisconsin. Wisconsin won the game 42-39 over the Spartans, receiving the Stagg Championship Trophy.

Bowl gamesEdit

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game, now a BCS bowl. The Big Ten also has tie-ins with seven non-BCS bowls.

Pick Name Location Opposing Conference Opposing Pick
1 Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Pac-12 or BCS
2 Capital One Bowl Orlando, Florida SEC 2
3 Outback Bowl Tampa, Florida SEC 3/4
4/5 Gator Bowl Jacksonville, Florida SEC 6
4/5 Insight Bowl Tempe, Arizona Big 12 4
6 Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas Houston, Texas Big 12 6
7 TicketCity Bowl[54] Dallas, Texas C-USA or Big 12 8
8 Little Caesars Pizza Bowl Detroit, Michigan MAC 1/2

Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics. It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Due to those rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Bowl selection proceduresEdit

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, including pre-season rankings, especially the turnout of the fans for past bowl games. Picks are made after BCS selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

The Capital One (first choice) and Outback (second) Bowls can select any eligible team except a team that has two fewer wins or two more losses, in all games, than another eligible team. If a second conference team is selected for a BCS bowl, the two-win/loss requirement is not applicable for the Outback Bowl. The remaining picks are made in order by the Gator, Insight, Meineke Car Care, TicketCity and Little Caesar's Pizza Bowls, picking eligible teams without restrictions.[55]

Marching bandsEdit

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of the current twelve member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[56] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[57] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands — Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[56] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[56]

Men's basketballEdit

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.[58] It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each.[59] Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).

Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have made it to the championship game, winning eight championships. NIT champions from the Big Ten include Michigan and Ohio State with two, and Indiana, Minnesota, Penn State, and Purdue with one each.

In addition, the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Illinois as the 1915 National Champions, Minnesota as the 1902 and 1919 National Champions, Northwestern as the 1931 National Champion, Purdue as the 1932 National Champions, and Wisconsin as the 1912, 1914 and 1916 National Champions.

Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds an 10–3 record against the Big Ten, Ohio State is the only Big Ten school without a losing record in the challenge.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locationsEdit

† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1939 Oregon 46 Ohio State 33 Patten Gymnasium Evanston, Illinois
1940 Indiana 60 Kansas 42 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri
1941 Wisconsin 39 Washington State 34 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (2)
1953 Indiana (2) 69 Kansas 68 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (4)
1956 San Francisco (2) 83 Iowa 71 McGaw Hall Evanston, Illinois (2)
1960 Ohio State 75 California 55 Cow Palace Daly City, California
1961Cincinnati 70 Ohio State 65 Municipal Auditorium Kansas City, Missouri (8)
1962 Cincinnati (2) 71 Ohio State 59 Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky (3)
1965 UCLA (2) 91 Michigan 80 Memorial Coliseum Portland, Oregon
1969 UCLA (5) 92 Purdue 72 Freedom Hall Louisville, Kentucky (6)
1976 Indiana (3) 86 Michigan 68 The Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1979 Michigan State 75 Indiana State 64 Special Events Center Salt Lake City, Utah
1981 Indiana (4) 63 North Carolina 50 Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2)
1987 Indiana (5) 74 Syracuse 73 Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana (2)
1989Michigan 80 Seton Hall 79 Kingdome Seattle, Washington (4)
1992 Duke (2) 71 Michigan[a 1] 51 Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota
1993 North Carolina (3) 77 Michigan[a 1] 71 Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana (3)
2000 Michigan State (2) 89 Florida 76 RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana (4)
2002 Maryland 64 Indiana 52 Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia (2)
2005 North Carolina (4) 75 Illinois 70 Edward Jones Dome St. Louis, Missouri (3)
2007 Florida (2) 84 Ohio State 75 Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia (3)
2009 North Carolina (5) 89 Michigan State 72 Ford Field Detroit, Michigan
  1. "Championships History (through Apr. 25, 2010)". National Collegiate Athletic Association. http://web1.ncaa.org/web_files/stats/champs_records_book/summaries/combined.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
  2. (PDF) Big Ten Conference Records Book 2009–10 (62nd ed.). Park Ridge, Illinois: Big Ten Conference. 2009. pp. 26–27. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/big10/genrel/auto_pdf/09-10-recordsfrontmg.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
  3. U of I Admissions: Essential Illinois Facts
  4. Campus Profile: Student Life: Office of Admissions: Indiana University Bloomington
  5. Enrollment Statistics - Facts at a Glance - The University of Iowa
  6. http://www.bigten.org/schools/mich/big10-schools-mich-body.html
  7. University of Michigan—Total Enrollment Overview
  8. city of east lansing
  9. bigten.org
  10. Michigan State University – Office of the Registrar: Full-Time Students
  11. OIR: Enrollment Headcount Data: All Data
  12. UNL | News Release | UNL enrollment flat in fall 2011; gains in graduates, international undergrads
  13. Fall 2010 Enrollment Statistics
  14. The Ohio State University - Statistical Summary
  15. Includes only University Park campus. "Fall to Fall Enrollment Comparison 2010 and 2009". Penn State Bursar. http://www.budget.psu.edu/FactBook/StudentDynamic/EnrollmentFallToFallComparison.aspx?SemesterCodes=200910FA201011FA&FBPlusIndc=N. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  16. Purdue University - Student_Enrollment
  17. Facts: : University of Wisconsin–Madison
  18. As of June 30, 2010. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2010 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2009 to FY 2010" (PDF). 2010 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2010NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values_Final.pdf. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  19. "Big Ten Conference Official Athletic Site". Big Ten Conference Official Athletic Site. http://www.bigten.org/. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  20. "Big Ten considers adding men's hockey". ESPN.com. 22 March 2011. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncaa/news/story?id=6243751. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Big Ten History". Big Ten Conference. http://bigten.cstv.com/trads/big10-trads.html. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Canham, Don (1996). From The Inside: A Half Century of Michigan Athletics. Olympia Sports Press. pp. 281. ISBN 0965426300.
  23. http://huskerextra.com/sports/football/article_5bc8f4f4-7fc1-5511-a7f8-cb76f02e65d6.html
  24. "CONFERENCE OUSTS MICHIGAN; Severs Relations with University for Non-Observance of Rules". The New York Times. April 14, 1907. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B05E7D7123EE033A25757C1A9629C946697D6CF.
  25. "Chicago U. Withdraws From Big Ten". http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PwMNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=v2kDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2580,3858021&dq=chicago+big+ten+conference&hl=en. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
  26. "An Ingenious Inception: Penn State Joins the Big Ten Conference". http://bigten.cstv.com/sports/wchamp25/spec-rel/091106aaa.html. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  27. "Missouri Interested In Jumping To The Big Ten". January 16, 1993. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary&p_multi=DSNB&d_place=DSNB&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0F3608419978C745&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
  28. Sherman, Ed (1993-12-10). "Kansas, Big 10 a good fit?". Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1993-12-10/sports/9312100144_1_commissioner-jim-delany-big-southwest-missouri. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  29. Pamela Schaeffer (1999-02-19). "Notre Dame shuns Big Ten, fears losing `distinctiveness'". National Catholic Reporter. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1141/is_16_35/ai_80680415. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
  30. [1]
  31. Schlabach, Mark (June 9, 2010). "Expansion 101: What's at stake?". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/columns/story?columnist=schlabach_mark&id=5268212. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
  32. "University of Nebraska Approved to Join Big Ten Conference by Council of Presidents/Chancellors". Big Ten Conference. 2010-06-11. http://www.bigten.org/genrel/061110aab.html.
  33. Ryan, Shannon (1 September 2010). "Big Ten sets new divisions; splits up Illinois-NU". Chicago Tribune. http://www.chicagobreakingsports.com/2010/09/big-ten-divisions-to-be-revealed-on-6-pm-tv-show.html. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
  34. "Leaders, Legends names of new Big Ten divisions". CBS Sports. 13 December 2010. http://www.cbssports.com/collegefootball/story/14437452/leaders-legends-names-of-new-big-ten-divisions/. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  35. "Big Ten may rethink Legends, Leaders". Associated Press. ESPN.com. 17 December 2010. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=5930029. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  36. http://www.bigten.org/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/090110aaa.html
  37. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/minnesota/opponents_records.php?teamid=3605
  38. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/michigan/opponents_records.php?teamid=2380
  39. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/northwestern/opponents_records.php?teamid=1502
  40. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/iowa/opponents_records.php?teamid=2652
  41. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/michigan_state/opponents_records.php?teamid=1516
  42. http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/bigten/nebraska/opponents_records.php?teamid=2514
  43. http://www.aau.edu/about/article.aspx?id=5476
  44. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=6480763&campaign=rss&source=NCFHeadlines
  45. http://www.huskers.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=100&ATCLID=3943
  46. http://www.cic.net/Home/Projects/SharedCourses.aspx
  47. http://www.cic.net/Home/Projects/Library/ReciprocalBorrowing.aspx
  48. http://www.cic.net/Home/Projects/PurchasingLicensing.aspx
  49. Big Ten Medal of Honor Winners Announced. June 8, 2011. Big Ten Conference official website. Retrieved 2011-09-09. "The award was established in 1914 .... In 1982, [it] was expanded to include a senior female athlete from each institution."
  50. Michigan Big Ten Sportsmanship Recipients. GoBlue (University of Michigan Athletics official website). Retrieved 2011-09-09. "In 2003, the Big Ten ... instituted the ... Sportsmanship Awards. ... {T]wo Outstanding Sportsmanship Award winners are selected from each school."
  51. Big Ten Records Book. Big Ten Conference official website. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
  52. Big Ten Championships (2001–present). Big Ten Conference official website. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
  53. http://www.bigtennetwork.com/sports/football/story.asp?list_id=12&story_id=3392721
  54. http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/sports_college/2010/11/dallas-football-classic-gets-new-sponsor-name.html
  55. "Big Ten Football weekly release - November 28, 2011, page 7". http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/big10/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/2011-12/misc_non_event/B1GFootballRelease1128.pdf. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 "Sudler Trophy". SousaFoundation.org. John Philip Sousa Foundation. 2011. http://www.sousafoundation.org/allProjects/trophy.htm. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  57. Iati, Marisa (January 20, 2011). "Marching band wins prestigious award". NDSMCObserver.com. The Observer. http://www.ndsmcobserver.com/news/marching-band-wins-prestigious-award-1.1903801. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  58. (PDF) Official 2007 NCAA Men's Basketball Records Book. Indianapolis, Indiana: NCAA. 2006. pp. 241. ISBN 978-1572439092. http://www.ncaa.org/library/records/basketball/m_basketball_records_book/2007/2007_m_basketball_records.pdf. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
  59. "Big Ten Men's Basketball History". Big Ten Conference. 2004. http://bigten.cstv.com/sports/m-baskbl/spec-rel/big10-hoops-history.html. Retrieved 2007-02-03.

Post-season NIT championships and runners-upEdit

Year Champion Runner-up MVP Venue and city
1974 Purdue 87 Utah 81 Mike Sojourner, Utah Madison Square Garden New York City
1979 Indiana 53 Purdue 52 Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, Indiana Madison Square Garden New York City
1980 Virginia 58 Minnesota 55 Ralph Sampson, Virginia Madison Square Garden New York City
1982 Bradley 68 Purdue 61 Mitchell Anderson, Bradley Madison Square Garden New York City
1984 Michigan 83 Notre Dame 63 Tim McCormick, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
1985 UCLA 65 Indiana 62 Reggie Miller, UCLA Madison Square Garden New York City
1986 Ohio State 73 Wyoming 63 Brad Sellers, Ohio State Madison Square Garden New York City
1988 Connecticut 72 Ohio State 67 Phil Gamble, UConn Madison Square Garden New York City
1993 Minnesota 62 Georgetown 61 Voshon Lenard, Minnesota Madison Square Garden New York City
1996 Nebraska 60 Saint Joseph's 56 Erick Strickland, Nebraska Madison Square Garden New York City
1997 Michigan[b 1] 82 Florida State 73 Louis Bullock, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
2004 Michigan 62 Rutgers 55 Daniel Horton, Michigan Madison Square Garden New York City
2006 South Carolina 76 Michigan 64 Renaldo Balkman, South Carolina Madison Square Garden New York City
2008 Ohio State 92 Massachusetts 85 Kosta Koufos, Ohio State Madison Square Garden New York City
2009 Penn State 69 Baylor 63 Jamelle Cornley, Penn State Madison Square Garden New York City

Women's basketballEdit

Women's basketball teams have played a total of nine times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament (since 1998). Big Ten women's teams have also led conference attendance from 1993–1999.[1]

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locationsEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1993 Texas Tech 84 Ohio State 82 The Omni Atlanta, Georgia
1999 Purdue 62 Duke 45 San Jose Arena San Jose, California
2001 Notre Dame 68 Purdue 66 Savvis Center St. Louis, Missouri
2005 Baylor 84 Michigan State 62 RCA Dome Indianapolis, Indiana

Women's National Invitation Tournament championship gamesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1998 Penn State 59 Baylor 56 Ferrell Center Waco, Texas
1999 Arkansas 67 Wisconsin 64 Bud Walton Arena Fayetteville, Arkansas
2000 Wisconsin 75 Florida 74 Kohl Center Madison, Wisconsin
2001 Ohio State 62 New Mexico 61 University Arena Albuquerque, New Mexico
2007 Wyoming 72 Wisconsin 56 Arena-Auditorium Laramie, Wyoming
2008 Marquette 81 Michigan State 66 Breslin Center East Lansing, Michigan

RivalriesEdit

FootballEdit

The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school has at least one traveling trophy at stake.

Team 1 Team 2 Trophy Division (starting in 2011–2012)
Illinois Northwestern Sweet Sioux Tomahawk/Land of Lincoln Trophy Protected Cross-Over
Illinois Ohio State Illibuck Leaders
Illinois Purdue Purdue Cannon Leaders
Indiana Purdue Old Oaken Bucket Leaders
Indiana Michigan State Old Brass Spittoon Protected Cross-Over
Iowa Minnesota Floyd of Rosedale Legends
Iowa Purdue No Trophy Protected Cross-Over
Iowa Nebraska Heroes Trophy Legends
Iowa Wisconsin Heartland Trophy Cross-Over (Irregular)
Michigan Michigan State Paul Bunyan-Governor of Michigan Trophy Legends
Michigan Minnesota Little Brown Jug Legends
Michigan Ohio State No Trophy (UM-OSU Rivalry) Protected Cross-Over
Michigan State Penn State Land Grant Trophy Cross-Over (Irregular)
Minnesota Wisconsin Slab of Bacon/Paul Bunyan's Axe Protected Cross-Over
Minnesota Penn State Governor's Victory Bell Cross-Over (Irregular)
Ohio State Penn State No Trophy (OSU-PSU Rivalry) Leaders

From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows:

  • Illinois: Indiana, Northwestern
  • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue
  • Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin
  • Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State
  • Michigan State: Michigan, Penn State
  • Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin
  • Northwestern: Illinois, Purdue
  • Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State
  • Penn State: Michigan State, Ohio State
  • Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern
  • Wisconsin: Iowa, Minnesota

This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division.

Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the re-alignment: Purdue-Iowa, Michigan State-Indiana, and Penn State-Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota-Wisconsin, Michigan-Ohio State, and Illinois-Northwestern.

The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa-Wisconsin, Northwestern-Purdue, and Michigan State-Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average.

BasketballEdit

  • Illinois: Indiana, Michigan State
  • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue
  • Iowa: Minnesota,Wisconsin
  • Michigan: Ohio State, Penn State
  • Michigan State: Illinois, Wisconsin
  • Minnesota: Iowa, Northwestern
  • Northwestern: Minnesota, Northwestern
  • Ohio State: Michigan, Wisconsin[2]
  • Penn State: Michigan, Ohio State
  • Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern
  • Wisconsin: Iowa, Michigan State

Men's soccerEdit

Extra-conference rivalriesEdit

Three Big Ten teams—Purdue, Michigan State and Michigan—have rivalries in football with Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 33 wins, the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 27. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26.

Penn State had a longstanding rivalry with Pittsburgh of the Big East, but the two schools have not met since 2000. Penn State also had long histories with independent Notre Dame; West Virginia, Syracuse, and Rutgers of the Big East; Maryland and Boston College of the ACC; and Temple of the Mid-American Conference (MAC). Penn State also has strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals.

Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 his game is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake and Northern Iowa.

Indiana has an out-of conference rivalry with Kentucky. While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continues to this day. Most recently, unranked Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked Kentucky 73-72 at Assembly Hall.

Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with Missouri, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game in St. Louis. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games scheduled from 2007 to 2010.[3]

Wisconsin has a long-standing, in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961.

In the early days of the Big Ten, the Chicago-Michigan game was played on Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications and was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference.

Also in the early days of the conference, and at Knute Rockne's insistence, Northwestern and Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC-Notre Dame and Purdue-Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern-Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past.[3]

Conference facilitiesEdit

The Big Ten has the distinction of being the conference with the most stadiums seating over 100,000, at three of the stadiums (Beaver Stadium, Michigan Stadium, and Ohio Stadium). Only three other college football stadiums have such a capacity: Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee and Bryant–Denny Stadium of the University of Alabama in the Southeastern Conference, and Darrell K. Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas at Austin in the Big 12 Conference.

The three stadiums are the three largest stadiums in the List of American football stadiums by capacity, as well as, third, fourth, and sixth in the list of the largest sports stadiums in the world.

School Football stadium Stadium capacity Basketball arena Arena capacity Baseball stadium Stadium capacity
Illinois Memorial Stadium, Champaign 60,670 Assembly Hall, Champaign 16,618 Illinois Field 3,000
Indiana Memorial Stadium, Bloomington 52,929 Assembly Hall, Bloomington 17,472 Sembower Field 2,250
Iowa Kinnick Stadium 70,585 Carver–Hawkeye Arena 15,500 Duane Banks Field 3,000
Michigan Michigan Stadium 109,901 [4] Crisler Arena 12,721 Ray Fisher Stadium 4,000
Michigan State Spartan Stadium 75,005 Breslin Student Events Center 14,797 Drayton McLane Baseball Stadium at John H. Kobs Field 2,500
Minnesota TCF Bank Stadium 50,805 Williams Arena 14,625 Siebert Field/Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome/Target Field 1,500/46,564/39,504
Nebraska Memorial Stadium, Lincoln 81,067 Devaney Center[4] 13,595 Hawks Field 8,486
Northwestern Ryan Field 47,130 Welsh-Ryan Arena 8,117 Rocky Miller Park 1,000
Ohio State Ohio Stadium 102,329[5] Value City Arena 18,809 Bill Davis Stadium 4,450
Penn State Beaver Stadium 106,572[6] Bryce Jordan Center 15,261 Medlar Field at Lubrano Park 5,406
Purdue Ross–Ade Stadium 62,500 Mackey Arena 14,240 Lambert Field 1,100
Wisconsin Camp Randall Stadium 80,321 Kohl Center 17,230 No baseball team N/A
^ The Nebraska basketball teams are scheduled to move off-campus to the new Pinnacle Bank Arena in 2013.

MediaEdit

As of 2010, the Big Ten has carriage agreements with the following broadcast and cable networks.[7]

Broadcast televisionEdit

Cable televisionEdit

  • Big Ten Network was created in 2006 through a joint partnership between the Big Ten and News Corporation and debuted the following year, replacing the ESPN Plus package previously offered to Big Ten markets via syndication. Based in downtown Chicago, the network's lineup consists exclusively of Big Ten-related programming, such as a nightly highlights show, in addition to live events.[8]
  • ESPN Inc.-Big Ten football, basketball and volleyball air on ESPN and ESPN2, and sometimes on ESPNU and ESPN Classic. The conference's contract with ABC/ESPN also allows for the transmission of events through ESPN Mobile, ESPN3.com, and On Demand platforms.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit


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