Big 12 Conference
(Big 12)
EstablishedFebruary 25, 1994[1]
DivisionDivision I FBS
Sports fielded(men's: 10; women's: 11)
RegionWest South Central States, Midwest
Appalachia (West Virginia)
HeadquartersIrving, Texas
CommissionerBob Bowlsby

The Big 12 Conference is a college athletic conference of ten schools, with headquarters located in Irving, Texas. It is a member of the NCAA's Division I for all sports; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. Member schools are located in Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia.

According to the Big 12 Conference's website, the alternate names "Big Twelve" and "Big XII" are incorrect. The trademarked name of the conference is Big 12 Conference, notwithstanding the Roman numeral XII featured on the conference logo.[2] The current Big 12 Commissioner is Bob Bowlsby.


The Big 12 Conference is the second youngest of the major college athletic conferences in the United States, having formed in 1994 from a merger of one of the oldest conferences, the Big Eight, with four prominent colleges from Texas. From its formation until 2011, its 12 members competed in two divisions. Two charter members left the conference in 2011, and in 2012, two more universities left, while another two joined from other conferences. In 2012, the Big 12 formed an alliance with the Southeastern Conference to host a joint post-season college bowl game between the champions of each conference.


In the early 1990s, most of the colleges in the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), then known as Division I-A, were members of the College Football Association; this included members of the Big Eight and Southwest Conferences. Following a Supreme Court decision in 1984, the primary function of the CFA was to negotiate television broadcast rights for its member conferences and independent colleges. In February 1994, the Southeastern Conference announced that they, like the Big Ten, Pac-10, and Notre Dame before them, would be leaving the CFA and negotiate independently for a television deal that covered SEC schools only. This led The Dallas Morning News to proclaim that "the College Football Association as a television entity is dead".[3] More significantly, this change in television contracts ultimately would lead to significant realignment of college conferences, with the biggest change being the dissolution of the Big Eight and the Southwest Conferences and the formation of the Big 12.

After the SEC's abandonment of the CFA, the Southwest Conference and the Big Eight Conference saw potential financial benefits from an alliance to negotiate television deals, and quickly began negotiations to that end, with ABC and ESPN. Though there were complications over the next several weeks (some of which are detailed below), on February 25, 1994, it was announced that a new conference would be formed from the members of the Big Eight and four of the Texas member colleges of the Southwest Conference.[4][5][6] Though the name would not be made official for several months, newspaper accounts immediately dubbed the new entity the "Big 12".[7] Charter members of the Big 12 included: Baylor University, the University of Colorado at Boulder, Iowa State University, University of Kansas, Kansas State University, the University of Missouri, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, the University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, and Texas Tech University.

During the negotiations for television rights, the University of Texas started to flirt with the idea of joining the Pacific-10 Conference. Additionally, Texas A&M was also investigating a potential membership in the SEC. However, these courtships were aborted when Texas lawmakers made it clear that they wanted as many Texas schools as possible to stay together. In the meantime, the Big Eight had not stopped to wait for the Texas schools, and had continued to negotiate with the television networks. Ultimately, this pressured the Texas schools to join with the Big Eight schools.

Furthermore, both Brigham Young University and the University of New Mexico, then in the Western Athletic Conference (WAC), were also considered for membership in the new conference;[8] in anticipation of this possibility, the new conference trademarked not only the name "Big 12" but also the name "Big 14", in case of future expansion.[9] However, ultimately the two WAC schools were left out, and three months after formation, the schools of the new conference officially selected the conference's name: the Big 12 Conference.[6] Athletic competition in the conference commenced on August 31, 1996. Although at the time of its formation the Big 12 was composed of the old Big Eight plus the four Texas schools, it regards itself as a separate conference, not an expanded Big Eight, and as such does not claim the Big Eight's history as its own.

From the conference's formation until the 2010–11 season, the Big 12 was split into two divisions for most major sports. The six northernmost schools Colorado, Iowa State, Kansas, Kansas State, Missouri, and Nebraska constituted the North Division, while the Texas and Oklahoma schools constituted the South Division.

Conference instability and realignmentEdit


During the 2010–12 NCAA conference realignment, the Big 12 was one of the more heavily impacted all-sports conferences; Colorado announced plans to join the Pac-10, then Nebraska accepted an invitation to join the Big Ten Conference. This ended the Big 12's divisional format, as the NCAA only allows football championship games in conferences with at least twelve teams.


In May 2010, American intercollegiate sports news became rife with speculation that the Big 12 Conference was on the verge of dissolution. One reason for this speculation was the inability of the Big 12 to come to an agreement on equal revenue sharing in the conference. Nebraska, Texas, Texas A&M, and Oklahoma objected to equal sharing, according to former Commissioner Dan Beebe. Later, after being fired by the Big 12, Beebe was quoted as saying, "Nebraska was one of the biggest objectors of equal revenue rights, and their president Harvey Perlman said that."[10] After his 2011 firing, Beebe said in a phone interview with The Associated Press that Oklahoma, Nebraska, and even Texas A&M were interested in "developing their own distribution systems" for their sports programs.[11]

The Big 12's collapse seemed imminent amid rampant speculation that teams were defecting to various conferences.[12] Colorado was eying the Pac-10. Nebraska was eying the Big Ten. The Big Ten also considered the addition of Texas a possibility.[13] Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State, and Colorado were talking with the Pac-10.[14]

On June 10, Colorado accepted an invitation to become the Pac-10's eleventh member; Colorado reportedly moved quickly for fear that Baylor would force its way into the Pac-10, leaving Colorado behind in a dissolving conference. The Colorado move to the Pac-10 was to be effective in 2012,[15][16] but the school later negotiated a settlement with the Big 12 to leave on July 1, 2011. The day following Colorado's defection announcement, on June 11, Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten Conference and was unanimously accepted, becoming the Big Ten's twelfth member, effective July 1, 2011.[17]

The departures of Colorado and Nebraska, combined with reports that Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma State were close to accepting invitations to join the Pac-10, made the Big 12's demise seem to be a foregone conclusion. However, on June 14, those five schools announced that they had decided to stay in the Big 12, after agreeing to an eleventh-hour deal to save the conference.[18] The decisions reportedly came after furious lobbying by the other five remaining Big 12 schools (Baylor, Iowa State, Kansas, Kansas State, and Missouri), as well as intervention by athletic directors around the country who were concerned about the prospect of a 16-team "superconference". The deal was made possible because of a restructured revenue sharing agreement and the promise of a lucrative new television deal.[19] As part of the deal, member schools were permitted to launch their own television networks, which eventually led to the creation of the University of Texas Longhorn Network, which would broadcast Texas Longhorn sporting events including non-conference football games and at least one conference football game. Additionally, Texas A&M and Oklahoma ended contact with the Southeastern Conference, which had been pursuing both schools as potential candidates if their conference decided to expand past 12 members.[20]

On June 16, 2010, Texas state lawmakers Garnet Coleman and Bill Callegari, both from the Houston area, co-wrote a letter asking Big 12 officials to consider adding the University of Houston (a Conference USA member) to the Big 12.[21]



Texas A&MEdit

In August 2011, Texas A&M announced plans to apply to join another unspecified conference.[22] Texas A&M's desire to leave the Big 12 Conference was reportedly driven both by concern about conference stability and also by concerns that the Longhorn Network, controlled by A&M's arch rival Texas, would give Texas an unfair advantage in recruiting and other aspects of competition.[23] On September 2, David Boren, president of the University of Oklahoma, announced that his school was actively reevaulating its conference membership.[24] Several days later, Southeastern Conference officials voted to accept Texas A&M as its thirteenth member,[25] conditional upon a reaffirmation that the remaining Big 12 schools would not pursue legal action to block the move.[26] Several schools refused to waive their rights to pursue legal action against the Southeastern Conference for tortious interference.[27][24] Despite this, on September 25, the SEC announced that Texas A&M was being accepted unconditionally—regardless of legal threats. Texas A&M officially joined the SEC on July 1, 2012.[28] As part of the settlement of the exit, the Big 12 Conference will withhold $12.4 million of the revenue the Big 12 Conference would have shared with Texas A&M.[29] Texas A&M will still receive a portion of the revenue from the recently signed contract between the Big 12 Conference and Fox Sports.[29]

The Big 12 Conference said it would form a committee to replace Texas A&M with at least one other school.[22] The Boards of Regents of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State, and Texas all authorized their presidents to make decisions related to conference alignment.[30] These three schools, along with Texas Tech, were reportedly considering applying to the Pacific-12 Conference,[31] while the remaining schools entered talks with the Big East football schools to potentially combine conferences.[32] Further realignment was temporarily halted on September 20, when the Pac-12 reiterated its desire to remain a twelve-team conference.[33] There was another step towards conference stability on October 5, 2011, when the Big 12 Conference agreed to equally distribute Tier I and II television revenues.[34]


At the same time as the remaining members of the former South Division were being secured in the fold, there was another defection brewing in the north. On October 4, 2011, Missouri's Board of Curators authorized the school's president to explore applying to other conferences.[35] A year earlier, there had been widespread speculation that Missouri was interested in defecting to become the Big Ten's twelfth member, but that had ended when Nebraska, not Missouri, was invited to join the Big Ten. On October 11, in a notably non-prescient comment, interim Big 12 Conference Commissioner Chuck Neinas stated categorically Missouri would remain in the Big 12 Conference for the 2012 season.[36]

Despite his confidence, Missouri inched closer to leaving on October 21 when its Board of Curators authorized Chancellor Brady Deaton to move the school out of the Big 12 Conference if it would be in the school's best interest to do so.[37] On October 28, the Big 12 Conference's press release announcing its invitation to West Virginia University hinted at Missouri's imminent departure, as Missouri was not listed among the "expected" members for the 2012–13 school year.[38]

On November 6, Missouri announced that it would join the Southeastern Conference effective July 1, 2012.[39] Missouri will compete in the conference's East division. As compensation for the departure, the Big 12 Conference is withholding $12.4 million of the revenue it would have shared with Missouri; additionally, it was announced that Missouri would not share the revenue from a newly-signed contract between the Big 12 Conference and Fox Sports.[29] Missouri also agreed to pay the Big 12 Conference for its share of officiating costs of its final year in the conference, as it has done in prior years (an estimated payment of $500,000).[29]

Following these departures, the Conference retained the "Big 12" name and logo despite dropping to ten teams,[40] a decision ostensibly similar to the Big Ten Conference's choice to keep its name after its membership increased first to eleven and then to twelve.


Texas ChristianEdit

On October 6, the Big 12 Conference Board of Directors, acting upon a unanimous recommendation of the expansion committee, authorized negotiations with Texas Christian University (TCU) to become a member of the Conference even though TCU had previously agreed to join the Big East Conference in the near-future.[41] A Big 12 official named Brigham Young University and the University of Louisville as other candidates for expansion.[42][43] On October 10, Texas Christian University's Board of Trustees voted to accept the invitation from the Big 12 Conference, and the school joined the conference on July 1, 2012. TCU had been a member of the Southwest Conference, one of the original constituent conferences that were incorporated into what became the Big 12 and has long and historical rivalries with several Big 12 schools, the most notable of which is with Baylor, a rivalry dating back to 1899—making it one of the longest ongoing series in the nation.[44]

West VirginiaEdit

On October 28, West Virginia University accepted an invitation to join the Big 12 Conference, effective the 2012 season.[45] However, because the Big East Conference requires 27 months of notice prior to withdrawal, Big East Commissioner John Marinatto said that West Virginia may not leave before July 1, 2014.[46] In response, West Virginia filed a lawsuit to declare invalid the withdrawal-notice requirement stipulated in the Big East's bylaws.[47][48] The WVU lawsuit alleged that the Big East Conference breached its fiduciary duty by allowing several football-playing members to depart, causing the conference to no longer be a major football conference and jeopardizing the conference's continued existence.[49][50] Because of this, West Virginia alleged, its continued performance under the contract had become unreasonably burdensome and that its original purpose in entering into the contract had been eliminated.[51] Additionally, West Virginia also stated its belief that its notice to withdraw in 2012 was indeed accepted, when the Big East Conference accepted its payment of half the $5 million withdrawal penalty.[51] Marinatto denied the allegations.[52] The Big East Conference filed a countersuit against West Virginia, alleging that West Virginia breached its contract by withdrawing from the conference without 27 months of notice.[53][54] West Virginia requested a dismissal of the Big East's lawsuit; this was denied. The Big East Conference's lawsuit was scheduled to begin being argued in court in April 2012,[55] but on February 14, 2012, West Virginia announced that it had settled[56] its lawsuit with the Big East Conference. This cleared the final hurdle for West Virginia to join the Big 12 Conference in time for the 2012 season.[57] While terms of the settlement were kept confidential, West Virginia's athletic director said that the settlement would be paid only from private donations and money the athletes raise themselves.[57] According to an anonymous source, the Big East Conference will be paid $20 million, of which $11 million will be paid by West Virginia and $9 million by the Big 12 Conference.[58] The agreement apparently stipulated that the $2.5 million exit fee that West Virginia paid to the Big East Conference in October 2011 will be counted towards the settlement,[59] and that the revenue-sharing money owed by the Big East Conference to West Virginia would not be paid to West Virginia but instead would be applied towards the settlement with West Virginia.[59]

Member schoolsEdit

Current membersEdit

Institution Location
Founded Type Enrollment Joined Nickname Mascot Varsity
Baylor University Waco, Texas
1845 Private 15,195 1996 Bears Judge / Bruiser 16 4
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa
1858 Public 31,040 1996 Cyclones Cy the Cardinal 10 9
University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas
1865 Public 30,004[60] 1996 Jayhawks Big Jay / Baby Jay / Centennial Jay 16 12
Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas
1863 Public 23,588[61] 1996 Wildcats Willie the Wildcat 14 0
University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma
1890 Public 29,721 1996 Sooners Sooner Schooner / Boomer and Sooner 19 26
Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma
1890 Public 23,307 1996 Cowboys/Cowgirls Pistol Pete / Bullet 16 51
University of Texas Austin, Texas
1883 Public 51,195[62] 1996 Longhorns Bevo / Hook 'em 18 50
Texas Christian University Fort Worth, Texas
1873 Private 9,142 2012 Horned Frogs Super Frog 18 6
Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas
1923 Public 32,327[63] 1996 Red Raiders Masked Rider / Raider Red 16 1
West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia
1867 Public 29,306 2012 Mountaineers The Mountaineer 17 15


Former membersEdit

Institution Location
Founded Type Enrollment Joined Left Nickname Mascot Varsity
University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado
1876 Public 30,128 1996 2011 Buffaloes Ralphie the Buffalo / Chip 14 24 Pac-12
University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri
1839 Public 34,255[66] 1996 2012 Tigers Truman the Tiger 18 2 SEC
University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska
1869 Public 24,100[67] 1996 2011 Cornhuskers Herbie Husker / Lil' Red 21 23 Big Ten
Texas A&M University College Station, Texas
1876 Public 52,585 1996 2012 Aggies Reveille 18 14 SEC

Membership timelineEdit

West Virginia UniversityBig East ConferenceTexas Christian UniversityMountain West ConferenceConference USAWestern Athletic ConferenceSoutheastern ConferenceUniversity of MissouriSoutheastern ConferenceTexas A&M UniversityBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of Nebraska–LincolnPacific 12 ConferenceUniversity of Colorado at BoulderTexas Tech UniversityUniversity of Texas at AustinOklahoma State University–StillwaterUniversity of OklahomaKansas State UniversityUniversity of KansasIowa State UniversityBaylor University

Full members Other Conference


  • Texas (System-wide) – $17.1 billion[68]
  • Kansas (System-wide) – $1.3 billion[68]
  • TCU – $1.2 billion[68]
  • Oklahoma – $1.2 billion[68]
  • Baylor – $1.0 billion[68]
  • Texas Tech (System-wide) – $891 million[68]
  • Oklahoma State (System-wide) – $682 million[68]
  • Iowa State – $612 million[68]
  • West Virginia (System-wide) – $406 million
  • Kansas State – $338 million[68]



File:Big 12 trans.gif
Big 12 Conference annual revenue distribution
Year Revenue distributed Annual Increase
1997 $53.6 million
1998 $58 million 8.2%
1999 $64 million 10.3%
2000 $72 million 12.5%
2001 $78 million 8.3%
2002 $83.5 million 7.1%
2003 $89 million 6.6%
2004 $101 million 13.5%
2005 $105.6 million 4.6%
2006 $103.1 million −2.4%
2007 $106 million 2.8%
2008 $113.5 million 7.1%
2009 $130 million 14.5%
2010 $139 million 6.9%
Total $1.296 billion
Average $92.6 million
source: Big 12 Conference[75]

The Big 12 Conference distributes revenue, mostly collected from television contracts, bowl games, the NCAA, merchandise, licensing, and conference-hosted sporting events, annually to member institutions.[76] From 1996 to 2011, 57 percent of all distributed revenue was allotted equally; with the other 43 percent distributed based upon the number of football and men's basketball television appearances and other factors.[77][78] The 2011 annual meeting of the conference resulted in a distribution of 76 percent equal allotment and 24 percent based on television appearances. Changing the revenue-sharing arrangement requires a unanimous vote; as a Big 12 member, Nebraska had withheld support for more equitable revenue distribution.[77]

With this exposure-based revenue-sharing model, larger schools in the conference, such as the University of Texas, can receive more revenue because television channels will schedule such schools more frequently than smaller schools that may have less national audience appeal. In 2006, for example, Texas received $10.2 million, 44% more than Baylor University's $7.1 million.[citation needed]

Compared to other conferences, the Big 12's revenue is low for a BCS conference; this is due in part to television contracts signed with Fox Sports Net (four years for $48 million) and ABC/ESPN (eight years for $480 million) that are set to expire in 2012 and 2016, respectively.[79]


As of the current 2012–13 academic year, the conference sponsors championships in the following sports: baseball (m), basketball (m,w), cross-country (m,w), equestrian (w), football (m), golf (m,w), gymnastics (w), rowing (w), soccer (w), softball (w), swimming and diving (m,w), tennis (m,w), track and field (m,w), volleyball (w), wrestling (m). The most recently added sports were equestrian and rowing, previously unofficial sports, which debuted as fully sponsored sports with official championships in 2011–12.[40]

Among the sponsored sports, all ten universities participate in 12 sports, while the following sports do not have full participation:

  • 9 schools participate in volleyball (Oklahoma State does not)[80]
  • 9 schools participate in women's soccer (Kansas State does not)[81]
  • 9 schools participate in baseball[82] (Iowa State does not)[83]
  • 7 schools participate in softball (Kansas State, TCU and West Virginia do not)[84]
  • 6 schools participate in men's tennis (Baylor, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State, Texas, Texas Tech, TCU)[85]
  • 5 schools participate in women's swimming and diving (Kansas, Iowa State, TCU, Texas, West Virginia)[86]
  • 5 schools participate in rowing (Kansas, Kansas State, Oklahoma, Texas, West Virginia)[87]
  • 4 schools participate in wrestling (Iowa State, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State, West Virginia)[88]
  • 4 schools participate in equestrian (Baylor, Kansas State, Oklahoma State, TCU)[89]
  • 3 schools participate in gymnastics (Iowa State, Oklahoma, West Virginia)[90]
  • 3 schools participate in men's swimming and diving (Texas, TCU, West Virginia) [86]


From 1996–2010, Big 12 Conference teams played eight conference games a season. Each team faced all five opponents within its own division and three teams from the opposite division. Inter-divisional play was a "three-on, three-off" system, where teams would play three teams from the other division on a home-and-home basis for two seasons, and then play the other three foes from the opposite side for a two-year home-and-home.[citation needed]

This format came under considerable criticism, especially from fans at Nebraska and Oklahoma, who were denied a yearly matchup between two of college football's most storied programs.[citation needed] The Nebraska-Oklahoma rivalry was one of the most intense rivalries in college football history.[citation needed] (Until 2006, the teams had never met in the Big 12 Championship.) Due to the departure of Nebraska and Colorado in 2011, the Big 12 eliminated the divisions (and championship game) and instituted a nine-game round-robin format.[citation needed]

Championship gameEdit

The Big 12 Championship Game was held by the Big 12 Conference each year. The idea of having a championship game was voted on at a Big 12 Conference meeting; Nebraska voted against, while the other schools voted in favor.[91] The championship game pitted the Big 12 North Division champion against the Big 12 South Division champion in a game held after the regular season has been completed. The first championship game was held during the 1996 season. Since the 1996 season, most football championship games were held at Arrowhead Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri.

The final game was played in Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, which had also hosted the previous games, with the Oklahoma Sooners defeating the Nebraska Cornhuskers 23–20.[92]

In 2010, the Big 12 Conference decided to move the location of the championship game to Dallas for 2011, 2012, and 2013.[93] This became moot following the 2010 season because the NCAA only allows conferences with at least twelve teams to hold a championship game; as the conference only has ten teams following the 2010 season, the conference will not hold a championship game.[94]

Bowl gamesEdit



Location Opposing Conference Opposing Pick
1 Fiesta Bowl Glendale, Arizona BCS
2 AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic Arlington, Texas SEC 3/4/5
3 Valero Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Pac-12 2
4 Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl Tempe, Arizona Big Ten 4/5
5 Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl San Diego, California Pac-12 3
6 Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas Houston, Texas Big Ten 6
7 New Era Pinstripe Bowl Bronx, New York Big East 4
8 Heart of Dallas Bowl Dallas, Texas Big Ten 7


The Big 12 Conference has many rivalries among its member schools, primarily in football. Most of the rivalries existed before the Big 12 was established. The Kansas-Missouri rivalry was the longest running in the Big 12, the longest running west of the Mississippi, and the second longest running in college football. It was played a duration of 119 years before Missouri left the Big 12. As of October 2012, the University of Kansas' athletic department has not accepted Missouri's invitations to play inter-conference rivalry games, putting the rivalry on hold. Sports clubs sponsored by the two universities have continued to play games.[96]The Oklahoma-Texas rivalry is also unique, as it was a major rivalry decades before the two schools were in the same conference.

Some of the longstanding football rivalries between Big 12 schools include:

Rivalry Name Trophy Games
Baylor–TCU 108 1899
Baylor–Texas 101 1901
BaylorTexas Tech 67 1929
Iowa State–Kansas State 94 1917
Kansas–Kansas State Sunflower Showdown Governor's Cup 108 1902
Oklahoma–Oklahoma State Bedlam Series Bedlam Bell 103 1904
Oklahoma–Texas Red River Rivalry Golden Hat 105 1900
Texas–Texas Tech Chancellor's Spurs 60 1928
TCU–Texas 82 1897
TCU–Texas Tech 54 1926

Before their departure to other conferences, a number of former member schools held longtime rivalries within the conference:

Rivalry Name Trophy Games
Began Ended
Colorado–Nebraska 69 1898 2010
Nebraska–Oklahoma 86 1912 2010
Missouri–Nebraska Victory Bell 104 1892 2010
Iowa State–Missouri Telephone Trophy[97] 52 1959 2011
Kansas–Missouri Border War Indian War Drum[97] 119 1891 2011
Missouri–Oklahoma Tiger–Sooner Peace Pipe 95 1929 2011
Baylor–Texas A&M Battle of the Brazos 108 1899 2011
Texas–Texas A&M Lone Star Showdown Lone Star Showdown Trophy 118 1894 2011
Texas A&M–Texas Tech 68 1927 2011

Men's basketballEdit

From 1996–2011, standings in conference play were combined and not split among divisions, the schedule was structured as if the schools were split into two divisions. Teams played a home-and-home against teams within its division and a single game against teams from the opposite division for a total of 16 conference games. This denied Oklahoma and Oklahoma State, formerly in the Big Eight, two games a season against their opponents from that former conference, but did allow most of the other traditional rivalries to be played home-and-home. However, after the departures of Nebraska and Colorado, Big 12 play transitioned to an 18-game, double round robin schedule, allowing Oklahoma and Oklahoma State to once again play their former Big 8 rivals twice each season, in addition to adding second annual games to lucrative, nationally prominent series like Texas-Kansas.[98]

Big 12 men's basketball championsEdit

Kansas has the most Big 12 regular season titles, winning or sharing the title 12 times in the league's 16 seasons. The 2002 Kansas team became the first, and so far, only team to complete an undefeated Big XII regular season, going 16–0. Kansas has won or shared 8 straight league titles and 10 of the past 11. Kansas has won the most Big 12 postseason titles as well, winning 8 out of 16. However, Missouri was the most recent Big 12 Tournament champion, winning the 2012 edition of the tournament, the Tigers' final appearance in the event before leaving for the SEC.

Season Regular Season Champion
1997 Kansas 15–1 Kansas
1998 Kansas 15–1 Kansas
1999 Texas 13–3 Kansas
2000 Iowa State 14–2 Iowa State
2001 Iowa State 13–3 Oklahoma
2002 Kansas 16–0 Oklahoma
2003 Kansas 14–2 Oklahoma
2004 Oklahoma State 14–2 Oklahoma State
2005 Oklahoma
Kansas 12–4
Oklahoma State
2006 Texas
Kansas 13–3
2007 Kansas 14–2 Kansas
2008 Texas
Kansas 13–3
2009 Kansas 14–2 Missouri
2010 Kansas 15–1 Kansas
2011 Kansas 14–2 Kansas
2012 Kansas 16–2 Missouri

In 2005, Oklahoma won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on their 71–63 home victory over the Jayhawks.[99][dead link]

In 2006, Texas won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on their 80–55 home victory over the Jayhawks.[100][dead link]

In 2008, Texas won the post-season tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on their 72–69 home victory over the Jayhawks.[101]

Big 12 in the NCAA tournamentEdit

  • Through 2012 Final Four
School Appearances Final Fours Championships
Baylor 7 2 0
Iowa State 14 1 0
Kansas 41 14 3
Kansas State 26 4 0
Oklahoma 28 4 0
Oklahoma State 24 6 2
Texas 30 3 0
Texas Tech 8 0 0
[citation needed]

Big 12 men's basketball programs all timeEdit

  • Through the end of the 2008–09 season
School Year Started All Time Wins All Time Winning Percentage
Baylor 1907 1,180 .479
Iowa State 1908 1,163 .493
Kansas 1899 2,038 .718
Kansas State 1903 1,434 .580
Oklahoma 1908 1,499 .614
Oklahoma State 1908 1,475 .589
Texas 1906 1,586 .627
Texas Tech 1925 1,250 .568
[citation needed]

Big 12 cumulative conference recordEdit

  • From 1996–97 through 2009–10
School Conference Wins Conference Losses Conference Winning %
Baylor 70 154 .313
Iowa State 97 127 .433
Kansas 187 37 .835
Kansas State 91 133 .406
Oklahoma 143 81 .638
Oklahoma State 132 92 .589
Texas 154 70 .688
Texas Tech 92 132 .411
[citation needed]

Records do not include conference tournament games, only regular season conference games


The top 8 teams compete in the conference tournament at the conclusion of each season. Iowa State has not sponsored baseball since dropping its intercollegiate program after the 2001 season.[citation needed]

Number of baseball titles by schoolEdit

  • Texas: 11 (7 regular-season, 4 tournament)
  • Nebraska: 7 (3 regular-season, 4 tournament)
  • Baylor: 3 (3 regular-season, 0 tournament)
  • Texas Tech: 2 (1 regular-season, 1 tournament)
  • Kansas: 1 (0 regular-season, 1 tournament)
  • Oklahoma: 1 (0 regular-season, 1 tournament)
  • Oklahoma State: 1 (0 regular-season, 1 tournament)
  • Kansas State: 0
  • Iowa State: 0

Season Regular-Season
1997 Texas Tech Oklahoma
1998 Texas A&M Texas Tech
1999 Texas A&M Nebraska
2000 Baylor Nebraska
2001 Nebraska Nebraska
2002 Texas Texas
2003 Nebraska Texas
2004 Texas Oklahoma State
2005 Baylor Nebraska
2006 Texas Kansas
2007 Texas Texas A&M
2008 Texas A&M Texas
2009 Texas Texas
2010 Texas Texas A&M
2011 Texas
Texas A&M
Texas A&M
2012 Baylor Missouri

By schoolEdit

School Appearances W-L Pct Tourney Titles Title Years
Baylor 15 25–23 .521 0
Iowa State 1 1–2 .333 0
Kansas 6 6–6 .500 1 2006
Kansas State 6 7–10 .412 0
Missouri 13 22–19 .536 1 2012
Nebraska 10 28–10 .737 4 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005
Oklahoma 15 23–24 .489 1 1997
Oklahoma State 14 11–26 .297 1 2004
Texas 13 26–22 .542 4 2002, 2003, 2008, 2009
Texas A&M 13 24–18 .571 3 2007, 2010, 2011
Texas Tech 11 13–19 .382 1 1998
[citation needed]
  • As of the end of the 2012 tournament.


School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
Baylor Floyd Casey Stadium
Baylor Stadium (2014)
Ferrell Center 10,284 Baylor Ballpark 5,000
Iowa State Jack Trice Stadium 55,000[103] Hilton Coliseum 14,356 Non-baseball school*
Kansas Memorial Stadium 50,071[104] Allen Fieldhouse 16,300 Hoglund Ballpark 2,500
Kansas State Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium 50,000[105] Bramlage Coliseum 12,528 Tointon Family Stadium 2,000
Oklahoma Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium 82,112[106] Lloyd Noble Center 12,000 L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park 3,180
Oklahoma State Boone Pickens Stadium 60,218[107] Gallagher-Iba Arena 13,611 Allie P. Reynolds Stadium 3,821
Texas Darrell K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium 100,119[108] Frank Erwin Center 16,734 UFCU Disch-Falk Field 6,649
TCU Amon G. Carter Stadium 45,000 Daniel–Meyer Coliseum 7,200 Lupton Stadium 4,500
Texas Tech Jones AT&T Stadium 60,454[109][110][111][112] United Spirit Arena 15,091 Dan Law Field at Rip Griffin Park 5,050
West Virginia Mountaineer Field 60,000[113] WVU Coliseum 14,000[114] Hawley Field 1,500[115]

*Iowa State discontinued its participation in baseball as an NCAA-recognized activity following the 2001 season.[83] It participates in club baseball as a member of the National Club Baseball Association. Games are played at Cap Timm Field, capacity 3,000.[116]


National championshipsEdit

The following is a list of all NCAA championships won by teams that were representing the Big 12 Conference in NCAA-recognized sports at the time of their championship.[64][65]

Football (3):
1997 – Nebraska
2000 – Oklahoma
2005 – Texas

Equestrian (3):
2012 – Texas A&M (Overall)
2012 – Baylor (Hunter)
2012 – Texas A&M (Western)

Baseball (2):
2002 – Texas
2005 – Texas

Men's Basketball (1):
2008 – Kansas

Women's Basketball (3):
2005 – Baylor
2011 – Texas A&M
2012 – Baylor

Women's Bowling (5):
1999 – Nebraska
2001 – Nebraska
2004 – Nebraska
2005 – Nebraska
2009 – Nebraska

Men's Cross Country (6):
2001 – Colorado
2004 – Colorado
2006 – Colorado
2009 – Oklahoma State
2010 – Oklahoma State
2012 - Oklahoma State

Women's Cross Country (2):
2000 – Colorado
2004 – Colorado

Men's Golf (4):
2000 – Oklahoma State
2006 – Oklahoma State
2009 – Texas A&M
2012 – Texas

Men's Gymnastics (5):
2002 – Oklahoma
2003 – Oklahoma
2005 – Oklahoma
2006 – Oklahoma
2008 – Oklahoma

Women's Indoor Track (3):
1998 – Texas
1999 – Texas
2006 – Texas

Men's Outdoor Track (3):
2009 – Texas A&M
2010 – Texas A&M
2011 – Texas A&M

Women's Outdoor Track (6):
1998 – Texas
1999 – Texas
2005 – Texas
2009 – Texas A&M
2010 – Texas A&M
2011 – Texas A&M

Men's/Women's Skiing (4):
1998 – Colorado
1999 – Colorado
2006 – Colorado
2011 – Colorado

Softball (1):
2000 – Oklahoma

Men's Swimming (5):
1996 – Texas
2000 – Texas
2001 – Texas
2002 – Texas
2010 – Texas

Men's Tennis (1):
2004 – Baylor

Women's Volleyball (3):
2000 – Nebraska
2006 – Nebraska
2012 - Texas

Wrestling (4):
2003 – Oklahoma State
2004 – Oklahoma State
2005 – Oklahoma State
2006 – Oklahoma State

National team titles by institutionEdit

The national championships listed below are as of June 2011 and exclude football, Helms, and AIAW titles.

School – Number – NCAA Championships

  • Oklahoma State – 51 – NCAA(51)[117]
  • Texas – 50 – NCAA(47)[117]
  • Oklahoma – 26 – NCAA(19)[117]
  • Iowa State – 19 – NCAA(13)[117]
  • West Virginia – 15 – NCAA(15)[117]
  • Kansas – 12 – NCAA(10)[117]
  • Texas Christian – 6 – NCAA(6)[117]
  • Baylor – 4 – NCAA(4)[117]
  • Texas Tech – 1 – NCAA(1)[117]
  • Kansas State – 0 – NCAA(0)[117]

Conference championsEdit

The Big 12 Conference sponsors 23 sports, 10 men's and 13 women's.[118]

In football, divisional titles were awarded based on regular-season conference results, with the teams with the best conference records from the North and South playing in the Big 12 Championship Game for the Big 12 title from 1996–2010. Baseball, basketball, softball, tennis, and women's soccer titles are awarded in both regular-season and tournament play. Cross country, golf, gymnastics, swimming and diving, track and field, and wrestling titles are awarded during an annual meet of participating teams. The volleyball title is awarded based on regular-season play.[citation needed]

Big 12 Conference titles by schoolEdit

As of May 3, 2012. List includes both regular-season, tournament titles, and co-championships. List does not include conference championships won prior to the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996.[119]

Current membersEdit

  • Texas – 115 (122 including 7 football division championships)[119]
  • Baylor – 47[119]
  • Oklahoma State – 45 (45 including 1 football division championship)[119]
  • Oklahoma – 39 (47 including 8 football division championships)[119]
  • Kansas – 25 (25 including 1 football division championship)[119]
  • Iowa State – 12 (13 including 1 football division championship)[119]
  • Texas Tech – 12 (13 including 1 football division championship)[119]
  • Kansas State – 7 (11 including 4 football division championships)[119]

Former membersEdit

  • Nebraska – 71 (80 including 9 football division championships)[119]
  • Texas A&M – 61 (64 including 3 football division championships)[119]
  • Colorado – 27 (31 including 4 football division championships)[119]
  • Missouri – 10 (12 including 3 football division championships)[119]


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External linksEdit

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