|Baldwin Wallace University|
|Motto||"Creating contributing, compassionate citizens of an increasingly global society."|
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
|Religious affiliation||United Methodist Church|
|President||Robert C. Helmer, Ph.D., J.D.|
|Academic staff||165 full-time faculty|
|Admin. staff||543 full-time employees|
|Location||22px Berea, Ohio, USA|
|Colors||Brown and Gold|
|Sports||NCAA Division III|
Baldwin Wallace University is a 4-year private, coeducational, liberal arts college in Berea, Ohio, USA. The school was founded in 1845 as Baldwin Institute by Methodist settlers. Eventually the school merged with nearby German Wallace College in 1913 to become Baldwin–Wallace College. As of July 1, 2012 the school became Baldwin Wallace University. The institution offers a number of undergraduate and several graduate programs. Baldwin Wallace University is often referred to as simply "BW". BW has two campus sites: Berea, Ohio, which serves as the main campus, and BW East in Beachwood, OH. Today BW enrolls around 3,050 full-time undergraduate students, 800 evening and weekend adult learners, and 830 graduate students. BW recruits students throughout Ohio but also students from all over the United States and internationally. Baldwin Wallace's motto is "Creating contributing, compassionate citizens of an increasingly global society." Baldwin Wallace's athletic teams compete as NCAA Division III athletics in the Ohio Athletic Conference.
BW is known for its education, business, neuroscience, and music programs. BW is home to the Riemenschneider-Bach Institute and the Baldwin Wallace Conservatory of Music. The BW Conservatory holds the title for the oldest collegiate Bach Festival in the nation. Beyond this, the college's radio station is WBWC which is known throughout the Cleveland area.
Both the university and the town of Berea were founded by Methodist settlers from Connecticut. These settlers moved west after their homes were burned by the British in the Revolutionary War. The region in Northern Ohio became known as the Western Reserve (a part of which was designated the Firelands, as the state of Connecticut gave land grants to these fire victims). Among early settlers of this area was John Baldwin. Baldwin enjoyed early success in the sandstone quarry industry. He eventually founded Baldwin Institute in 1845. Baldwin Institute became Baldwin University in 1855. Baldwin's sense of equality led to the school accepting any student regardless of race or gender, and was one of the first in the nation to do so. Moreover, Baldwin University's courses were not segregated. The surge of German workers in Baldwin’s sandstone quarries led to the establishment of a German department at the Institute.
|Presidents of Baldwin Wallace|
|Arthur Louis Breslich||(1913–1918)|
|Albert Boynton Storms||(1918–1933)|
|Louis C. Wright||(1934–1948)|
|John Lowden Knight||(1949–1954)|
|Alfred Bryan Bonds||(1955–1981)|
|Mark H. Collier||(1999–2006)|
|Robert C. Helmer||(2012–)|
|*This list does not include acting presidents or any presidents before the two colleges combined in 1913.|
The Reverend Jacob Rothweiler, a professor at Baldwin University, named his project after James Wallace, and German Wallace College was founded in 1855. Students at both institutions were free to enroll in courses at Baldwin or German Wallace. Baldwin and Wallace were the primary benefactors to the two Berea colleges. After their deaths, and the decline of the quarry industry in Ohio, both schools came close to financial ruin. Options were thin, and the United Methodist Church considered merging the schools with the more successful Ohio Wesleyan University in 1880, to form the University of Cleveland. The University of Cleveland concept was abandoned for a more elegant solution. Baldwin University and German Wallace College merged in 1913 to form Baldwin–Wallace College.
The college's present day campus can be much accredited to the leadership of Alfred Bryan Bonds; through much of the mid-20th century, Baldwin Wallace grew to be a large and well respected suburban institution. Bonds oversaw the construction of fifteen buildings on campus during his 26-year tenure. Neal Malicky's tenure as college president stabilized the college's finances and endowment, finally placing Baldwin Wallace in financial security after years of financial struggle. Following Malicky's presidency, Mark Collier served as president for seven years, overseeing a campus master plan that has led to many major renovations on campus. In recent years the college has expanded and renovated residence halls and academic buildings. In addition, the college has purchased existing buildings in the Berea community for academic and student residential use.
In the fall of 2011, a task force was developed by BW President Dick Durst. On February 11, 2012, it was announced that Baldwin–Wallace College would become Baldwin Wallace University after approval by the BW Board of Trustees. The name would become effective on July 1 of 2012, with complete implementation by the end of 2012. In addition to the new university designation, seal, and logo, "B-W" would drop the hyphen in its name.
Baldwin Wallace offers more than 50 majors, as well as several cooperative and pre-professional programs. Evening and weekend programs include 12 majors and six certificate programs. Programs lead to Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Education, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in Education, Master of Arts in Education, and Master of Business Administration degrees. BW does offer programs and some courses online. BW has 167 full-time faculty, 80% of which have doctorates or other permanent degrees.
The College maintains 27 academic departments leading to a bachelor’s degree. In addition to on-campus study, students also have the opportunity to broaden their horizons through a number of off-campus study programs. Liberal arts remain at the center of the academic program, but they are augmented by opportunities to explore career options and develop professional skills. BW is well known in the midwest for its education, business, and sustainability programs. BW is also nationally recognized for the neuroscience undergraduate program and for the Conservatory of Music.
Conservatory of MusicEdit
The Baldwin Wallace Conservatory of Music is part of Baldwin Wallace University. The main building of the conservatory is Kulas Hall. The Conservatory holds the title of home to the oldest collegiate Bach Festival in the nation. The Conservatory of Music covers the discipline of music study, creation, performance and pedagogy.
Beyond the main campus in Berea, Baldwin Wallace offers classes at BW East in Beachwood, OH. BW East is the University's center for adult learning. The site focuses on the needs of working adults and their employers. The facility is located at Landmark Centre Building in Beachwood.
Baldwin Wallace has several international programs in which eligible upperclassmen are able to participate. The college operates several of its own programs plus international student exchange programs at Kansai Gaidai University (Japan), Christ University (India) and Ewha University (Korea), University of the Sunshine Coast (Australia), University of Osnabrück (Germany), York St John University (England), University of Hull (England), Webster University Vienna (Austria), Semester at Sea, and many more. BW has faculty-led trips yearly to places such as Europe, Iceland, India, Italy, Ecuador and China. As well, the college offers domestic U.S. - themed trips such as following The Lewis and Clark trail.
BW uses programs such as Upward Bound and BW Scholars to reach and serve students from the Cleveland Metropolitan School District. The BW Scholars program was formerly called "The Barbara Byrd-Bennett Program", named after Barbara Byrd-Bennett, who established and funded the program until her departure from the Cleveland Municipal School District. Barbara Byrd-Bennett was the first Chief Executive Officer of the Cleveland Municipal School District. Today the BW Scholars Program continues under funding by the college. BW also utilizes opportunities in the Greater Cleveland for Service-learning. Service-learning is a method of teaching that provides opportunities for students to learn and develop through thoughtfully organized service experience.
The campus is located in Berea, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. The campus is built around land that originally was two separate schools that combined in 1913. The campus itself is located next to Berea High School and is integrated into the neighborhoods of Berea. The majority of the Campus that exists today was expanded in the 1960s and 1970s. BW prides itself on its many green spaces around campus, such as the North Quad where residence halls, Ritter Library, and academic buildings surround a large field with sidewalks. Buildings that surround the quad include Malicky Center, Wheeler Hall, The Life & Earth Science building, the Center for Innovation and Growth, the Observatory, the President's house, several residence halls and the Alumni Wall. During the presidency of Alfred Bryan Bonds, the Alumni Wall (located behind North Hall) was created to recognize alumni who have contributed to the development of the campus. The North Quad is also home to a diverse tree collection, a Greenhouse, a native Ohio plants garden and a commons area (located behind Lang Hall). In 2009, BW opened the Thomas Family Center for Science and Innovation. The project connected the Life & Earth Science building and Wilker Hall. On the south end of campus, BW has several green spaces such as Klein Field and Bonds Field. The campus is also situated next to Coe Lake (located behind the Townhouse Apartments).
BW has a satellite campus located in Beachwood, Ohio. The facility is called BW's Center for Adult Learning in Beachwood. Much of the time, the site is simply referred to as BW East. BW East is the only facility located outside Berea Ohio.
South Campus Historic DistrictEdit
Part of the BW campus is in the National Register of Historic Places. This area is called Baldwin–Wallace College South Campus Historic District, and incorporates several buildings in the vicinity of Marting Hall. It combined the former Lyceum Village Square and German Wallace College.
North Campus Historic DistrictEdit
In 2012, BW moved to propose the preservation of several historic building's on it's north part of campus.  The North Campus Historic District The buildings include Baldwin Memorial Library & Carnegie Science Hall (Malicky Center for Social Sciences), Wheeler Hall (Recitation Hall), Wilker Hall, Telfer Hall, Ward Hall, Burrell Observatory, the Alumni House/President’s House, the Tudor House, North Hall, Findley Hall, Lang Hall and Ritter Library.
BW has been first in several areas in sustainability. In 2005, BW became the first to have a residence hall in Ohio with geo-thermal heating and cooling. Ernsthausen Hall was origionally built in 1961 was renovated in 2005 to use geo-thermal heating and cooling. In the fall of 2008, Baldwin Wallace became the first college in Ohio to offer a bachelor’s degree in sustainability.Baldwin Wallace was the first in Ohio to offer a bachelor's degree in sustainability. The undergraduate program offers four tracks in science, social sciences/humanities, business administration and quantitative analysis. In the fall of 2009, BW became the first school in the state to install a wind turbine on its campus. BW also uses kitchen grease form Strosacker Hall's dining facilities the production of bio-diesel fuel for campus vehicles. In 2012, BW opened Harding House which is a renovated residence hall to become a "sustainability house". The house has a "energy dashboard" that monitors energy consumption and a vegetative garden roof that absorbs rainwater that helps regulate the building’s temperature. In addition, Harding House and the Center for Innovation and Growth both have solar panels on their roofs.   63 Beech, 21 Beech, Saylor and Klien Halls will eventually join Ernsthausen & Harding House to also include Geo-thermal heating and cooling.
The heart of the Baldwin Wallace campus could be considered the Strosacker Student Union. The building is often referred to as "the union". The union houses the campus's largest dining facility, The Student Life Center (campus life offices), various administrative offices, student organization offices, meeting rooms, the Cyber Cafe and the campus bookstore. The Student Life Center along with campus organizations put on events for the campus. Near the union is the Student Activity Center and the Durst Welcome Center. Opened in the Summer of 2012, the Durst Welcome Center is home to all the admissions staff and projects. Prospective students are mainly consulted in the Welcome Center. This is where many prospectives students would get tours and information about BW and the Points of Pride. Current students can also use the conference rooms in the welcome center for meetings and other things. The Student Activity Center (SAC), renocvated in the late 1990s, is known for its gymnasium type space. The building was once used as a women's gym in the 1930s. Today the building is used for concerts and various student events.
Housing at Baldwin Wallace can be defined as being in two areas. The first is north campus which encompasses halls north of Bagley Road. North campus includes Lang, Findley, North and Hamilton Apartments. The College acquired a former practice field and office building when the team was moved to Baltimore. Findley Hall, North Hall, and Lang Hall all house typically upperclassmen students, but occasionally North Hall has housed first-year students. Lang Hall was the only all-female residence hall until 2008. Lang Hall is also rumored to be haunted by the spirit of Emma Lang, the donator and first house mother of the dormitory.
South campus typically encompasses residence halls that are south of Bagley Road. Klein, Saylor, and 63 Beech make up the freshman complex. 21 Beech is also home to Honors housing. Ernsthausen, Heritage, and Constitution typically house upperclassmen and Greek organizations. Greek organizations are housed in residence halls because there are no fraternity/sorority houses. As well, Kohler Hall, the Carmel Center for Living and Learning (referred to as Carmel Hall) and the Berea Townhouses are located on the southern end of campus. Ernsthausen Hall (called "E-House" for short) is the first campus residence hall in Ohio to utilize geothermal power. Kohler Hall mostly houses Conservatory students (although it is open to all students), and has a reputation for being haunted (along with, to a lesser degree, Lang Hall). It has been featured in the book Haunted Ohio. Before becoming a residence hall, it was first a hospital for Civil War veterans and later functioned as a mental institution.
BW also has several on-campus apartments which include Floreske, Hamilton House, The Berea Townhouses & The East Bridge Street Apartments, which all house upperclassmen and international MBA students. Also, Baldwin Wallace offers on-campus houses for student groups and upperclassmen. These houses typically have themes such as the "Arts House", the "Summer Scholars Program" and the "research house". Other housing includes the "Single Parents Reaching Out For Unassisted Tomorrows" or "SPROUT" program, which is a comprehensive residential program that provides housing, child care, personal development & financial aid for single parents (ages 18–23) and their children.
Baldwin Wallace has over 100 clubs and organizations. Baldwin Wallace offers organizations for many of the academic majors at the college. Some of the organizations on campus include Student Government (that budgets approximately 80 of the organizations on campus), Midnight Madness, Campus Entertainment Productions, Commuter Activity Board, and Night On The Town. The campus has diversity groups such as Allies (an LBGT related organization), Middle-Eastern Student Alliance (MESA), Hispanic-American Student Association, Black Student Alliance and Native American Student Association.
The BW campus has five fraternities, five sororities and numerous honoraries. BW fraternities and sororities are all housed in residence halls. Most are housed in Heritage Hall and some in Constitution. In the past, Greek organizations have been housed in halls such as North Hall and Ernsthausen. Greek Life organizations do not have on-campus houses due to fraternity and sorority houses being banned by the City of Berea in the 1960s. Beyond fraternities and sororities, the college has over 25 honor societies for academics and areas of involvement.
Though Baldwin Wallace does not offer a Journalism major (just classes), the campus does have student media. The longest running and official campus newspaper is The Exponent. Exponent Campus Media oversees two papers, "Buzz!" and "The Exponent". The college has two student-run magazines, The Maelstrom and The Mill. The Maelstrom is a satirical magazine that has been known to poke fun at campus issues. The Mill is BW’s annual literary and art magazine; it showcases the creativity of the entire student body.
The campus offers student opportunities in the area of television and radio. BuzzTV allows students to produce short movies and shows that air locally. BW also has a radio station WBWC 88.3 FM. The radio station has student DJ's who run radio shows. Many of the students are broadcast majors. WBWC first signed on in 1958 as the first totally student funded and operated radio station in the United States.
The major traditions at BW are April Reign, The Baldwin Wallace Bach Festival, Dance Marathon, Mid-Night Madness, The White Rose Ceremony and Homecoming. Smaller campus traditions include Berea Service day, which happens in the fall semester, and the White Rose Ceremony that takes place the day of commencement.
April Reign is a series of contests and athletic events where student organizations compete in the week before finals. The weekend has brings together Greek, independent, athletic and commuter teams to compete for the title of April Reign Champions. The challenges include obstacle course challenges, human pyramid-making contests, boat races, and tug competitions, which take place both on campus and at the nearby Cleveland Metroparks. During the April Reign weekend, the college has hosted musical groups and singers such as Toby Keith, Maroon 5, Chingy, Josh Gracin, New Found Glory, Matt Nathanson, Hellogoodbye, Emerson Drive, and Jeremih. The event was formerly known as May Day (when the campus was on quarters).
BW Bach FestivalEdit
The BW Conservatory of Music is home to the BW Bach Festival, the oldest collegiate Bach festival in the nation, as well as the second-oldest Bach festival in the nation. The festival was founded in 1932 by Professor Albert Riemenschneider (longtime Director of the College Conservatory) and his wife, Selma. The then Baldwin-Wallace Festival Choir and Orchestra presented the first Bach Festival in June 1933 and has continued on an annual basis ever since.
Beyond service-learning and campus community services organizations, BW offers service opportunities in Berea, the Greater Cleveland area, and internationally. One campus tradition is "Berea Service Day," which happens in the fall semester and is a joint service project between the city of Berea and Baldwin Wallace. As well, BW offers service opportunities through the college's Office of Community Outreach. Beyond offering service opportunities in the Cleveland area, the Office of Community Outreach at BW offers service opportunities nationwide and internationally through Alternative break trips. Beyond the Office of Community Outreach, the campus has student-run organization groups. Groups at BW include Circle K, Habitat for Humanity and Dance Marathon. Dance Marathon works in conjunction with the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, to put on a 24 hour event to raise awareness and funds for pediatric AIDS.
Homecoming occurs during the fall semester and is a major event that brings the Berea and BW community together. Homecoming weekend brings the university together through class reunions, Hall of Fame inductions, parades through campus, and musical events. Before the BW vs. Mount Union football game, tailgating and cookouts in front of the stadium. Homecoming offers a parade, football event, and a large Alumni gathering.
BW's school colors are officially brown and gold, though in the past they adopted burgundy and teal as well as maroon and gold for their marketing literature.
The school's varsity sports teams are the Baldwin Wallace Yellow Jackets. They participate in the NCAA's Division III and the Ohio Athletic Conference. The university has long rivalries with John Carroll University and University of Mount Union.
Lou Higgins Center is home to the physical education department, athletics, and recreational sports and services. The Lou Higgins Center was renovated and expanded in 2005. Beyond Varsity Athletics, Baldwin Wallace offers club sports, Intramurals, Aerobic Classes, a Fitness Center and Weight Room. Higgins Center is home to many of the athletic offices, along with Bagley Hall. Bagley Hall was originally owned by the Cleveland Browns and was used as the team's summer training facility. After the Browns left for Baltimore, the university converted the facility into a residence hall. As of 2012, Bagley Hall was converted into athletic offices.
Baldwin Wallace's football team was coached by Lee Tressel, who led the team to an undefeated record in 1978, and subsequently the NCAA Division III Championship. In 2008, the athletic turf on George Finnie Stadium was renovated and named "Tressel Field" in honor of the Tressel Family.
Perhaps the most notable BW athlete from the 20th century was Harrison Dillard, the only male so far to win Olympic titles in both sprinting and hurdling events, in the 1948 Summer Olympics. The teams of the Sidney High School Yellow Jackets were named after Baldwin Wallace graduate Granville Robinson became Head Coach at Sidney High School.
In 2009, after almost 20 years of use, BW adopted a new logo and modified the mascot for the athletic teams.
Notable people and alumniEdit
Baldwin Wallace has over 41,000 alumni living throughout the United States. BW has many alumni that still reside throughout Ohio. Some notable Alumni include former OSU Football coach Jim Tressel and his father Lee Tressel, former NFL player and first Atlanta Falcons head coach Norb Hecker, Astronaut Robert F. Overmyer, CBS announcer Bud Collins, civil rights leader James Lawson, and Olympian Harrison Dillard. BW has had many alumni become representatives for the state of Ohio. As well, BW has a large network of alumni who have gone into Broadway due to its strong performing arts program.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.bw.edu/stulife/handbook/2009-2010_Handbook.pdf
- ↑ "Baldwin Wallace University". International Association of Methodist Schools, Colleges, and Universities (IAMSCU). http://public.gbhem.org/iamscu/search_results.asp?act=search_gen&search_txt=baldwin+wallace+university&type=schools&submit=GO. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- ↑ "BW by tradition". Baldwin Wallace University. http://www.bw.edu/quickfacts/. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- ↑ As of March 19, 2012. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2011 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2010 to FY 2011" (PDF). 2011 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2011NCSEPublicTablesEndowmentMarketValues319.pdf. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Fast Facts About Baldwin Wallace University". Baldwin Wallace University. http://www.bw.edu/quickfacts/facts/. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Berger DuMound,, Joanne (February 11, 2012). "Berea's Baldwin-Wallace College will become Baldwin Wallace University". http://www.cleveland.com/berea/index.ssf/2012/02/baldwin-wallace_college_will_b.html. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 B-W: B-W East in Beachwood. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 B-W: Points of Pride. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 B-W: About Us. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ http://wbwc.com/2008041360/Pages/History.html[dead link]
- ↑ "B-W: History of Baldwin Wallace University". http://www.bw.edu/quickfacts/history. Retrieved May 28, 2007.
- ↑ B-W: Academics
- ↑ B-W: The Neuroscience Program. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ "BW east facts". http://www.bw.edu/academics/bweast/.
- ↑ "The Baldwin Wallace College Explorations/Study Abroad Center- Studying Abroad". Baldwin Wallace University. http://www.bw.edu/academics/explor/prog/recommendedprograms/. Retrieved September 18, 2006.
- ↑ B-W: B-W Scholars. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Service-learning. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ Cleveland Metroparks – Plan Your Visit. Clemetparks.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ Lyceum Square Area Added to National Historic Register. "Lyceum Square Area Added to National Historic Register". Lyceum Square Area Added to National Historic Register. http://www.bw.edu/news/nationalregister/. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- ↑ Berger (07/1/2010). "Berea's Baldwin-Wallace to get tax credit for conservatory project". Sun news. http://blog.cleveland.com/newssun/2010/07/bereas_baldwin-wallace_to_get.html. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- ↑ Berger DuMound, Joanne (10/26/2012). "Baldwin Wallace University requests buildings for national historic registry". Cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/berea/index.ssf/2012/10/baldwin_wallace_university_req.html. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- ↑ "Cuyahoga County Planning Commission Weblog". The National Park Service added four local properties to the National Register of Historic Places Baldwin Wallace University's North Campus Historic District in Berea.. Cuyahoga County Planning Commission E-mail. http://planning.co.cuyahoga.oh.us/blog/. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- ↑ B-W: Doing Well by Doing Good: B-W Launches Ohio's First Sustainability Major. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Wind Turbine Furthers College Commitment to Sustainability. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ "BW green initiatives". First wind turbine on a college campus. http://www.gcbl.org/education/university-initiatives/baldwin-wallace-college-sustainability-initiatives. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 Berger DuMound, Joanne (8/22/2012). "Baldwin Wallace University in Berea introduces another 'green' project". Cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/berea/index.ssf/2012/08/baldwin_wallace_university_int.html. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ↑ Berger DuMound, Joanne (12/24/2012). "Baldwin Wallace University commits to solar". Cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/berea/index.ssf/2012/12/baldwin_wallace_university_com.html. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ↑ "BW student union". http://www.bw.edu/stulife/union/services/.
- ↑ "BW Union Offices". http://www.bw.edu/stulife/union/services/.
- ↑ "BW SAC". http://www.bw.edu/stulife/union/sac/.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 B-W: Residence Halls. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ "College will heat, cool with geothermal system". http://www.cantonrep.com/index.php?ID=175580. Retrieved January 1, 2007.[dead link]
- ↑ Sun Newspapers: Haunted Kohler[dead link]
- ↑ B-W: Single Parents Reaching Out For Unassisted Tomorrows (SPROUT). Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ "B-W Student Clubs and organizations". http://www.bw.edu/stulife/clubs/. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 B-W: Student Clubs & Organizations. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Diversity/Cultural Organizations. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Greek Life. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Honor Societies. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ History. Wbwc.com (June 9, 2009). Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: White Rose Ceremony. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ Rosenberg (Sunday, April 17, 2011,). "B-W Bach Festival serves up inspiration on intimate and grand scales". Cleveland Plain Dealer. http://www.cleveland.com/musicdance/index.ssf/2011/04/bach_festival_review_1.html. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- ↑ "Bach Festival History". BW history conservatory. http://www.bw.edu/academics/libraries/bach/festivals/bachfest/about/. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- ↑ B-W: Office of Community Outreach. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ B-W: Stinger Has a new Look. Bw.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- ↑ "BW Alumni". http://bw.edu/alumni/.
- Sifakis, C. The Mafia Encyclopedia: From Accardo to Zwillman. Facts on File, Incorporated 1999. ISBN 978-0-8160-3857-2.
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