From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions (although ties in the standings during the 1963 and 1968 seasons necessitated a divisional playoff game).

In 1969, the final year of the independent AFL, a four-team playoff was held, with the second-place teams in each division playing the winner of the other division in what were called the "Interdivisional" playoffs. These playoffs were not, and are not considered to have been, "wildcard" playoffs since the two best non-division winners did not automatically qualify. (Had the 1969 playoffs been true wildcard playoffs, the Western Division's third-place team, San Diego, would have qualified while the Eastern Division's second-place team, Houston, would not have.) The 1969 playoffs were only the second time a major professional football league allowed teams other than the first place teams to compete in post-season playoffs (the other instance being the All-America Football Conference's 1949 four-team playoff).

Prior to the advent of the Super Bowl for the 1966 season, the AFL went to great lengths to avoid scheduling its playoffs head-to-head with the NFL. In 1960, the NFL's game was held on Monday, December 26; the AFL had that week off, and played its title contest on Sunday, January 1st. In 1961 and 1962, the AFL played its game during the off-week between the end of the NFL's regular season and its title game (thus resulting in the AFL holding championship games on December 24, 1961 and December 23, 1962, a week before the NFL's games of December 31, 1961 and December 30, 1962). In 1963, the AFL held its Eastern Division tiebreaker playoff on Saturday, December 28, 1963, thereby avoiding the Sunday, December 29, 1963 NFL playoff (the AFL then held its 1963 Championship Game a week later). In 1964, pro football had a championship weekend, with the AFL's title game held on Saturday, December 26, 1964 and the NFL's championship contest being held on Sunday, December 27, 1964. For 1965, the AFL tried to return to the practice of playing its game on a Sunday during the off-week between the NFL playoff, slating its championship contest for December 26, 1965 while the NFL's game wasn't held until January 2, 1966; unfortunately, the Colts and Packers required a Western Conference tiebreaker on the December 26, 1965 date --- and since that game went overtime, the TV audience for the Bills-Chargers game in San Diego was diminished considerably. Even in 1966, the AFL originally scheduled its championship game for the off-week, planning to hold its playoff on Monday, December 26, 1966, six days before the NFL's scheduled playoff of January 1, 1967.

Negotiations prior to the first Super Bowl, during early December 1966, resulted in the two leagues agreeing to have championship doubleheaders for the next four years, with each league holding its title game on the same day but at a different time that day. Thus the final four AFL playoffs were held on the same day as the NFL championship game was (January 1, 1967; December 31, 1967; December 29, 1968; and January 4, 1970).

The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the National Football League include AFL playoffs in their statistics for the NFL playoffs.

1960 ChampionshipEdit

Houston Oilers 24, Los Angeles Chargers 16
1 2 3 4 Total
Chargers 6 3 7 0


Oilers 0 10 7 7


at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston, Texas

  • Date: January 1, 1961
  • Referee: John McDonough

1961 ChampionshipEdit

Houston Oilers 10, San Diego Chargers 3
1 2 3 4 Total
Oilers 0 3 7 0


Chargers 0 0 0 3


at Balboa Stadium, San Diego, California

  • Date: December 24, 1961

1962 ChampionshipEdit

Dallas Texans 20, Houston Oilers 17 (2OT)
1 2 3 4 Total
Texans 3 14 0 0


Oilers 0 0 7 10


at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston, Texas

  • Date: December 23, 1962

1963 playoffsEdit

A tie in the Eastern Division standings necessitated an Eastern Division playoff game

Eastern Division playoffEdit

Boston Patriots 26, Buffalo Bills 8
1 2 3 4 Total
Patriots 10 6 0 10


Bills 0 0 8 0


at War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo, New York

  • Date: December 28, 1963

1963 ChampionshipEdit

San Diego Chargers 51, Boston Patriots 10
1 2 3 4 Total
Patriots 7 3 0 0


Chargers 21 10 7 13


at Balboa Stadium, San Diego, California

  • Date: January 5, 1964

The Chargers championship win is noted for being the only and most recent major sports championship won for the city of San Diego. No other city with at least two professional sports teams has a championship drought as long as of 2010 (47 years). This is also the only time that the Chargers have beaten the Patriots in a postseason game.

1964 ChampionshipEdit

Buffalo Bills 20, San Diego Chargers 7
1 2 3 4 Total
Chargers 7 0 0 0


Bills 3 10 0 7


at War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo, New York

  • Date: December 26, 1964

Mike Stratton's hit on San Diego Chargers Running Back Keith Lincoln set the stage for the Buffalo Bills and their first AFL championship.

1965 ChampionshipEdit

Buffalo Bills 23, San Diego Chargers 0
1 2 3 4 Total
Bills 0 14 6 3


Chargers 0 0 0 0


at Balboa Stadium, San Diego, California

  • Date: December 26, 1965

This was the last AFL Championship Game before the Super Bowl era began the following season and the last time a final pro football championship game was played in December. It was also the most recent championship won by a Buffalo-based professional sports team.

1966 ChampionshipEdit

Kansas City Chiefs 31, Buffalo Bills 7
1 2 3 4 Total
Chiefs 7 10 0 14


Bills 7 0 0 0


at War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo, New York

  • Date: January 1, 1967

The Bills went into the 1966 AFL Championship having already won the game the previous two years. Though the game was to be played in Buffalo, the visiting Kansas City Chiefs were three-point favorites, mainly because of their explosive and innovative offense led by Head Coach Hank Stram. The Bills were a more conventional team with a solid defensive line and a running mindset on offense.

A Bills fumble on the opening kickoff gave the Chiefs a short field to work with, and Quarterback Len Dawson immediately took advantage of it, hitting Fred Arbanas for the game's first score. Jack Kemp's first pass for the Bills was a 69 yard score to Elbert Dubenion. Late in the second quarter and trailing 14-7, Kemp led the Bills to the Kansas City 10. Bobby Crockett was open in the endzone, but Kemp's pass was intercepted by Johnny Robinson, who returned the ball 72-yards, setting up a Mike Mercer field goal to close out the first half.

Buffalo found no offensive rhythm in the second half, and the Chiefs closed the game out in the fourth quarter with Dawson found Chris Burford for a 45 yard gain, setting up a one foot touchdown run by rookie Mike Garrett. Garrett scored his second touchdown less than two minutes later following another Bills fumble.

This was the first AFL Championship Game to determine which team would represent the league in the Super Bowl. The Chiefs lost 35-10 to the NFL champion Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl I.

1967 ChampionshipEdit

Oakland Raiders 40, Houston Oilers 7
1 2 3 4 Total
Oilers 0 0 0 7


Raiders 3 14 10 13


at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland, California

  • Date: December 31, 1967

The Oakland Raiders were ten and a half point favorites over the Houston Oilers in the 1967 AFL Championship Game. Quarterback Daryle Lamonica, acquired in a trade from the Buffalo Bills in the offseason, led the Raiders to a 13-1 record, throwing 30 touchdown passes in the process. The Oilers went from last place in the Eastern Conference in 1966 to first in '67, beating out the New York Jets by a game. Most of the Oilers' offense centered on big fullback Hoyle Granger, and a midseason quarterback trade for the shifty Pete Beathard (sending their own starter, Jacky Lee, to the Kansas City Chiefs) proved to be the spark that turned Houston's season around.

The previous meeting between the two teams had been a close game won 19-7 by the Raiders, with Lamonica struggling offensively. This was not the case in the rematch. Oakland took a 10-0 lead in the second quarter on a 69 yard run down the left sidelines by Hewritt Dixon, and on a fake field goal attempt Lamonica passed to Dave Kocourek for the 17-0 halftime margin. Former Oilers quarterback George Blanda, who had led Houston to the AFL's first two championships, kicked four field goals for the Raiders. Houston did not score until the fourth quarter, when they already trailed 30-0.

Oakland lost Super Bowl II to the NFL champion Green Bay Packers.

1968 playoffsEdit

A tie in the Western Division standings necessitated a Western Division playoff game

Western Division playoffEdit

Oakland Raiders 41, Kansas City Chiefs 6
1 2 3 4 Total
Chiefs 0 6 0 0


Raiders 21 7 0 13


at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland, California

  • Date: December 22, 1968

1968 ChampionshipEdit

New York Jets 27, Oakland Raiders 23
1 2 3 4 Total
Raiders 0 10 3 10


Jets 10 3 7 7


at Shea Stadium, New York City

  • Date: December 29, 1968
  • Referee: Walt Fitzgerald

The Jets went on to win Super Bowl III to become the first AFL Super Bowl champion.

1969 playoffsEdit


  Interdivisional playoffs AFL Championship Game Finals
  W2  Kansas City Chiefs 13  
E1  New York Jets 6  
  W2  Kansas City Chiefs 17  
  W1  Oakland Raiders 7  
E2  Houston Oilers 7
  W1  Oakland Raiders 56  

Interdivisional playoffsEdit

Kansas City Chiefs 13, New York Jets 6
1 2 3 4 Total
Chiefs 0 3 3 7


Jets 3 0 0 3


at Shea Stadium, New York City

  • Date: December 20, 1969
Oakland Raiders 56, Houston Oilers 7
1 2 3 4 Total
Oilers 0 0 0 7


Raiders 28 7 14 7


at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland, California

  • Date: December 21, 1969

1969 ChampionshipEdit

Kansas City Chiefs 17, Oakland Raiders 7
1 2 3 4 Total
Chiefs 0 7 7 3


Raiders 7 0 0 0


at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland, California

  • Date: January 4, 1970

This was the final AFL Championship Game, as well as the final game played between two AFL teams before the merger with the National Football League. The Chiefs won Super Bowl IV as the last AFL champion.

AFL Championship Game appearances 1960-69Edit

5Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers14.200
4Houston Oilers22.500
3Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs301.00
3Buffalo Bills21.667
3Oakland Raiders12.333
1New York Jets101.00
1Boston Patriots01.000

See AlsoEdit


External linksEdit

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