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American Athletic Conference
(The American)
Established1979 (as the Big East)
2013 (reorganized as The American)
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members10 (Full Members)
1 (Associate Member)
Sports fielded21 (men's: 10; women's: 11)
RegionSouthern (6 schools)
Northeastern (4 schools)
Midwestern (1 school)
Former namesBig East (1979–2013)
HeadquartersProvidence, Rhode Island
CommissionerMichael Aresco (since 2013)
Websitetheamerican.org
Locations

The American Athletic Conference, also known as The American, is an American collegiate athletic conference with member institutions located in the northeastern, midwestern, and southern part of the United States.[1][2] The conference is headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island, and led by Commissioner Michael Aresco.[2][3] The American participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I in athletic competitions; for football, it is a part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).

The American has member institutions that are spread throughout a wide portion of the United States. The majority of its members are located in urban metropolitan areas, or at least on the fringes thereof. The conference is one of two successors to the all-sports Big East Conference (1979–2013). While the other successor, which does not sponsor football, kept the Big East Conference name, the American Athletic Conference inherited the old Big East's structure and is that conference's legal successor. The prior league underwent substantial turmoil during the 2010–13 NCAA conference realignment period.

The American is currently one of the six automatic qualifying conferences of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), also known as a "Power Six Conference." The conference inherited the old Big East's BCS berth for the 2013 season.[4] However, the new conference will lose its automatic berth as part of the upcoming College Football Playoff in 2014 and become a part of the "Group of Five", which shares automatic access to one spot in the six premier bowl games. The other four conferences in the group are Conference USA (C-USA), the Mid-American Conference (MAC), the Mountain West Conference, and the Sun Belt Conference.[5]

HistoryEdit

The Original Big EastEdit

File:American Athletic Conference Member Locations.png

The original Big East Conference was founded in 1979 as a basketball conference, when Providence, St. John's, Georgetown, and Syracuse invited Connecticut, Holy Cross, Rutgers, and Boston College.[6][7] Holy Cross soon thereafter declined the invitation, and Rutgers eventually declined and remained in the Atlantic 10 Conference (then known as the Eastern 8 Conference). Seton Hall was then invited as a replacement.[7] Villanova and Pittsburgh joined shortly thereafter under the leadership of the Big East's first commissioner, Dave Gavitt.[8][9][10]

The conference remained largely unchanged until 1991, when it began to sponsor football, adding Miami as a full member, and Rutgers, Temple, Virginia Tech, and West Virginia as football-only members.[11] Rutgers and West Virginia upgraded to full Big East membership in 1995, while Virginia Tech did the same in 2000. Temple football was kicked out after the 2004 season, but rejoined in 2012 and intended to become a full Big East member in 2013.

The unusual structure of the Big East, with the "football" and "non-football" schools, led to instability in the conference.[12] The waves of defection and replacement brought about by the conference realignments of 2005 and 2010–13 revealed tension between the football-sponsoring and non-football schools that eventually led to the split of the conference in 2013.[13]

Realignment and reorganizationEdit

The conference was reorganized following the tumultuous period of realignment that hobbled the Big East between 2010 and 2013. The Big East was one of the most severely impacted conferences during the most recent conference realignment period. In all, 14 member schools announced their departure for other conferences, and 15 other schools announced plans to join the conference (eight as all-sports members, and four for football only). Three of the latter group later backed out of their plans to join (one for all sports, and the other two for football only). Most notably, seven schools — the Catholic 7 — announced in December 2012 that they would leave as a group, later forming the New Big East.[14]

On December 15, the Big East's seven remaining non-FBS schools, all Catholic institutions — DePaul, Georgetown, Marquette, Providence, St. John's, Seton Hall, and Villanova – announced that they voted unanimously to leave the Big East Conference, effective June 30, 2015.[15] The Catholic 7, by leaving, were looking for a more lucrative television deal than the one they would receive by remaining with the football schools.[16] In March 2013, representatives of the Catholic 7 announced they would leave the conference effective June 30, 2013, retaining the Big East name, $10 million, and the right to hold the conference's basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden.[4][17]

Following the announcement of the departure of the Catholic 7 universities, the remaining ten football-playing members started the process of selecting a new name for the conference and choosing a new site to hold its basketball tournament.[18][19] Various names were considered, with the "America 12" conference reportedly one of the finalists until rejected by college presidents sensitive of adding a number to the end of the conference name.[20] On April 3, 2013, the conference announced that it had chosen a new name: The American Athletic Conference.[1] It also revealed that it prefers the nickname "The American"; it was thought "AAC" would cause too much confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference, or ACC.[21]

Louisville and Rutgers will only spend one season in the renamed conference. On July 1, 2014, Louisville will join the ACC[22] and Rutgers will join the Big Ten Conference.[23]

CommissionersEdit

Name Term
Michael Aresco 2013–present[3]

Membership timelineEdit

The American Full members, The American Assoc. members (football only), The American Assoc. members (other sports), Other colors = Other affiliations

Member universitiesEdit

Full membersEdit

The conference currently has ten full member institutions and one associate in eight states, including Connecticut, Florida, Kentucky, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas. In 2014, The American will lose its presence in Kentucky and New Jersey but will gain a presence in Louisiana, North Carolina, and Oklahoma. By 2015, the conference will include eleven universities in ten states; the geographic domain of the conference will stretch from Texas to Connecticut (west to east) and from Connecticut to Florida (north to south).

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Joined[24] Nickname Mascot Colors
University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida
(238,300)
1963 Public 59,767 2013 Knights Knightro, Pegasus          
University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio
(296,223)
1819 Public 42,421 2005 Bearcats The Bearcat          
University of Connecticut Storrs, Connecticut
(15,344)
1881 Public 30,034 1979[25] Huskies Jonathan the Husky          
University of Houston Houston, Texas
(2,099,451)
1927 Public 40,747 2013 Cougars Shasta          
University of Louisville Louisville, Kentucky
(746,906)
1798 Public 23,262 2005 Cardinals Cardinal Bird          
University of Memphis Memphis, Tennessee
(662,897)
1912 Public 23,000 2013 Tigers TOM          
Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey
(55,444)
1766 Public 38,912 1991 (football)
1995 (all sports)
Scarlet Knights Scarlet Knight     
University of South Florida Tampa, Florida
(335,709)
1956 Public 47,122 2005 Bulls Rocky the Bull          
Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas
(1,197,816)
1911 Private 12,000 2013 Mustangs Peruna          
Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
(1,526,006)
1884 Public 37,697 1991, 2012 (football)[26]
2013 (all sports)
Owls Hooter, the Owl          
  • * Enrollment figures include both undergraduate and graduate students.
  • Denotes schools leaving the conference effective June 30, 2014.

Associate membersEdit

Source:[27]

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Joined Sports Conference Nickname Mascot Colors
Villanova University Radnor Township, Pennsylvania
(31,531)
1842 Private 10,482 2013[28] Women's Rowing Big East Conference Wildcats Will D. Cat               

Future membersEdit

Four universities have been invited to join the conference. East Carolina, Tulane, and Tulsa will join in 2014, and the Naval Academy (known athletically as "Navy") will join in 2015. Tulane and Tulsa were invited as full members. East Carolina was originally invited as a football-only member, but was subsequently invited as a full member.[29][30] Navy will join as an associate member (football only).[31]

Full MembersEdit

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Joining Nickname Mascot Colors
East Carolina University Greenville, North Carolina
(86,017)
1907 Public 27,816 2014 Pirates PeeDee the Pirate          
Tulane University New Orleans, Louisiana
(360,740)
1834 Private 13,359 2014 Green Wave Riptide the Pelican          
University of Tulsa Tulsa, Oklahoma
(396,466)
1894 Private 4,352 2014 Golden Hurricane Captain Cane               

Associate MembersEdit

Institution Location
(Population)
Founded Type Enrollment Joining Sport Conference Nickname Mascot Colors
United States Naval Academy Annapolis, Maryland
(38,394)
1845 Federal 4,603 2015 Football Patriot League Midshipmen Bill the Goat          
  • * Enrollment figures include both undergraduate and graduate students.


SportsEdit

For 2013-14, the American Athletic Conference sponsors championship competition in ten men's and eleven women's NCAA sanctioned sports; Villanova is an associate member for rowing[32]:

Teams in American Athletic Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball
9
-
Basketball
10
10
Cross Country
8
10
Football
10
-
Golf
10
7
Rowing
-
7
Soccer
12
14
Softball
-
8
Swimming & Diving
4
6
Tennis
7
10
Track and Field (Indoor)
8
10
Track and Field (Outdoor)
8
10
Volleyball
-
10

Under NCAA rules reflecting the large number of male scholarship participants in football and attempting to address gender equity concerns (see also Title IX), each member institution is required to provide more women's varsity sports than men's.[33]

The old Big East Conference sponsored championship competition in eleven men's and thirteen women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[34] The new conference will not sponsor men's or women's lacrosse or field hockey. For the 2013-2014 season, all teams in the American which sponsor these sports will compete in the Big East, but this could change for later years.[35] The American's website indicates that it will sponsor men's swimming and diving despite having only four teams.[36]

Men's sponsored sports by schoolEdit

School Baseball Basketball Cross
Country
Football Golf Soccer Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
Total AAC Sports
Cincinnati 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 9
Connecticut 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
East Carolina 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Houston 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 7
Louisville 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
Memphis 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Rutgers 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 8
SMU 13pxN 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 6
South Florida 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Temple 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Tulane 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 7
Tulsa 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
UCF 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 6
Totals 9/9 10/11 8/9 10/11 10/10 9/8 4/4 7/9 8/9 8/9 83/89
  • Pink highlight indicates schools departing after 2013-14. Grey highlight indicates schools joining in 2014.
  • Totals reflect membership changes; first number is with Louisville and Rutgers; second figure is with East Carolina, Tulane, and Tulsa replacing Louisville and Rutgers.
  • Navy will join The American as an associate member on July 1, 2015. The Midshipmen will play only football in the conference, bringing the total number of football playing institutions to 12 at that date.

Women's sponsored sports by schoolEdit

School Basketball Cross
Country
Golf Rowing Soccer Softball Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
Volleyball Total AAC Sports
Cincinnati 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Connecticut 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
East Carolina 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
Houston 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
Louisville 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 11
Memphis 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Rutgers 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 11
SMU 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
South Florida 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Temple 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 9
Tulane 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxN 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 8
Tulsa 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
UCF 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxN 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 13pxY 10
Totals 10/11 10/11 8/9 6+1/5+1* 10/10 8/8 6/6 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 98+1/104+1
  • * = Associate Villanova
  • Pink highlight indicates schools departing after 2013-14. Grey highlight indicates schools joining in 2014.
  • Totals reflect membership changes; first number is with Louisville and Rutgers; second figure is with East Carolina, Tulane, and Tulsa replacing Louisville and Rutgers.
  • = Houston did not have a women's golf program before joining The American. UH will begin sponsoring the sport in 2013–14; two players will represent UH as individuals in that season, with a full team to be formed starting in 2014–15.[37]

FootballEdit

The conference began football during the 1991–92 season, and was a founding member of the Bowl Championship Series.[38] The American teams play eight conference games a season. Conference opponents operate on a two-year cycle, as a home-and-home series.[39] The conference does not have enough teams to form divisions, but will in 2015 when Navy joins the conference.[40]

Like the conference itself, football experienced much transition through its history – in fact it was the main force behind such departures and expansion. In 2003, the BCS announced that it would adjust the automatic bids granted to its six founding conferences based on results from 2004–07. With the addition of Cincinnati, Louisville, and South Florida in 2005, the conference retained its BCS automatic-qualifying status. In 2007, South Florida rose to No. 2 in the BCS rankings, but finished No. 21 in the final poll. Cincinnati finished the 2009 regular season undefeated at 12–0, and ranked No. 3 in the final BCS standings barely missed playing for the BCS National Championship.

RivalriesEdit

The American has many rivalries among its member schools, primarily in football. Some rivalries existed before the conference was established or began play in football. Recent conference realignment in 2005 and 2013 ended - or paused - many rivalries. Before their departure to other conferences, a number of former member schools held longtime rivalries within the conference.

Some of the rivalries between The American schools include:

Rivalry Name Trophy Games playedBegan
Memphis–Louisville 42 1948
Cincinnati–Louisville The Keg of Nails Keg of Nails 52 1929
East Carolina–UCF 12 1991
South Florida–UCF The War on I–4 4 2005
Houston–SMU 28 1975
Navy–SMU Gansz Trophy 16 1930

Bowl gamesEdit

Pick Name Location Opposing Conference Opposing Pick
1 Bowl Championship Series BCS At-Large
2 Russell Athletic Bowl Orlando, Florida ACC 3
3 Belk Bowl Charlotte, North Carolina ACC 5
4 Pinstripe Bowl Bronx, New York Big 12 7
5/6 BBVA Compass Bowl Birmingham, Alabama SEC 8/9
5/6 Liberty Bowl (alternate††) Memphis, Tennessee C-USA 1
7 Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl St. Petersburg, Florida C-USA 4
Notes on bowl game selection
  • The American's BCS representative is not tied directly to a specific BCS Bowl. It is selected to a bowl in the same manner as an at-large team. The BCS may select a second team to play in another BCS bowl game.
  • †† The Liberty Bowl can select a team from The American if there is not an eligible SEC opponent available.

BasketballEdit

In June 2013, it was announced that the inaugural men's basketball tournament will take place at the FedEx Forum in Memphis.[41] FedEx Forum had previously hosted eight Conference USA basketball tournaments.

Basketball Tournament History
Men's Women's
School Pre-NCAA Helms Championships NCAA Championships NCAA
Runner-Up
NCAA
Final Fours
NCAA Championships NCAA
Runner-Up
NCAA
Final Fours
Cincinnati 2
(1961, 1962)
1
(1963)
6
(1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1992)
Connecticut 3
(1999, 2004, 2011)
4
(1999, 2004, 2009, 2011)
8
(1995, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2009, 2010, 2013)
14
(1991, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013)
Houston 2
(1983, 1984)
4
(1967, 1968, 1982, 1983, 1984)
Louisville 3
(1980, 1986, 2013)
10
(1959, 1972, 1975, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1986, 2005, 2012, 2013)
2
(2009, 2013)
2
(2009, 2013)
Memphis 2
(1973, 2008)
3
(1973, 1985, 2008)
Rutgers 1
(1976)
1

(2007)

2

(2000, 2007)

SMU 1
(1956)
Temple 1
(1938)
2
(1956, 1958)

Notes:

  • Italics denotes championships won before the school joined The American.
  • Boldface denotes championships won while in The American or its legal predecessor the Big East (1979-2013).
  • Women's national championship tournaments prior to 1982 were run by the AIAW.

FacilitiesEdit

Institution Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball park Capacity
All-sports Members
Cincinnati Nippert Stadium
Paul Brown Stadium
35,097
65,790
Fifth Third Arena 13,176 Marge Schott Stadium 3,085
Connecticut Rentschler Field 40,000 Harry A. Gampel Pavilion
XL Center
10,167
16,294
J. O. Christian Field 2,000
East Carolina†† Dowdy–Ficklen Stadium 50,000 Williams Arena at Minges Coliseum 8,000 Clark-LeClair Stadium 5,000
Houston Reliant Stadium (2013)
New Houston Cougars Stadium (2014)
70,000
40,000
Hofheinz Pavilion 8,479 Cougar Field 5,000
Louisville Papa John's Cardinal Stadium 55,000 KFC Yum! Center 22,090 Jim Patterson Stadium 2,500
Memphis Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium 61,008 FedExForum (men)
Elma Roane Fieldhouse (women)
18,119
2,565
FedExPark 2,000
Rutgers High Point Solutions Stadium 52,454 Louis Brown Athletic Center (The RAC) 8,000 Bainton Field 1,500
SMU Gerald J. Ford Stadium 32,000 Moody Coliseum 8,998 Non-baseball school
South Florida Raymond James Stadium 65,908 USF Sun Dome 10,411 USF Baseball Stadium 3,211
Temple Lincoln Financial Field 68,532 Liacouras Center 10,207 Skip Wilson Field 1,000
Tulane†† Mercedes-Benz Superdome (2013)
Yulman Stadium (2014)
73,208
30,000
New Orleans Arena (men)
Devlin Fieldhouse (men/women)
18,500
3,600
Turchin Stadium 5,000
Tulsa†† H. A. Chapman Stadium 30,000 Reynolds Center 8,355 Non-baseball school
UCF Bright House Networks Stadium 45,323 CFE Arena 10,072 Jay Bergman Field 3,900
Associate Member
Navy††† Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium 34,000 Associate member
  • Denotes schools leaving the conference effective June 30, 2014.
  • †† Denotes schools joining the conference on July 1, 2014.
  • ††† Denotes schools joining the conference on July 1, 2015.

AcademicsEdit

One of the current member schools, Rutgers University, is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU).[42] One of the future member schools, Tulane University, is also an AAU member.

Additionally, member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including U.S. News & World Report, Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (Times). As of 2012, one conference institution is ranked in the top 100 universities in the world, with Rutgers ranked 59th.[43]

Endowments and rankingsEdit

Conference Rank Institution Location Endowment Funds[44] Percentage Change YOY U.S. News Ranking[45]
1 Tulane University†† New Orleans, Louisiana $1,014,985,000 14.2% 51
2 Southern Methodist University University Park, Texas $1,196,508,000 11.9% 58
3 University of Connecticut Storrs, Connecticut $312,329,000 14.9% 63
4 Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey $698,507,000 16.7% 68
5 University of Tulsa†† Tulsa, Oklahoma $800,925,000 16.7% 83
6 Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania $280,731,000 19.2% 125
7 University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio $1,004,368,000 13.3% 139
8 University of Louisville Louisville, Kentucky $772,157,000 15.4% 160
9 University of South Florida Tampa, Florida $411,061,232 18.0% 170
10 University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida $127,129,000 23.7% 174
11 University of Houston Houston, Texas $662,984,000 19.9% 184
12 East Carolina University†† Greenville, North Carolina $128,551,000 24.1% 199
13 University of Memphis Memphis, Tennessee $195,060,000 6.5% 200+
Villanova University Radnor Township, Pennsylvania $370,292,000 24.4% 1A
United States Naval Academy††† Annapolis, Maryland
Federal institution
14B
  • Denotes schools leaving the conference effective June 30, 2014.
  • †† Denotes schools joining the conference on July 1, 2014.
  • ††† Denotes schools joining the conference on July 1, 2015.
  • A Villanova is ranked in the "Regional Universities (North)" category by U.S. News & World Reports.
  • B The Naval Academy is ranked in the "National Liberal Arts Colleges" category by U.S. News & World Reports.
  • Endowment data provided by the National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute as of March 19, 2012.[44]
  • Academic ranking data provided by U.S. News & World Reports from its "2012 National University Rankings."[45]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "New Name in College Sports - Current BIG EAST Enters New Era as 'American Athletic Conference'". 2013-04-03. http://www.bigeast.org/News/tabid/435/Article/243706/new-name-in-college-sports-current-big-east-enters-new-era-as-american-athletic.aspx. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Katz, Andy (2013-03-15). "What's next for the 'old Big East'". "ESPN". http://espn.go.com/mens-college-basketball/blog/_/name/katz_andy/id/9057093/the-steps-new-big-east-conference-college-basketball. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Russo, Ralph (2013-03-08). "Big East completes official split of football, basketball". Associated Press. http://www.delmarvanow.com/viewart/20130309/SPORTS/303090035/Big-East-completes-official-split-football-basketball. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
  4. 4.0 4.1 McMurphy, Brett (2013-03-01). "Catholic 7 to keep 'Big East' name for new league next season, according to sources". "ESPN". http://espn.go.com/mens-college-basketball/story/_/id/9000502/catholic-7-schools-keep-big-east-name-new-league-next-season-according-sources. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  5. Mandel, Stewart (2012-11-12). "Big East, rest of 'Group of Five' score win with six-bowl decision". "Sports Illustrated". http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2012/writers/stewart_mandel/11/12/college-football-playoff-six-bowls/index.html. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  6. Blaudschun, Mark (2013-03-08). "Naming original Big East was simple". AJerseyGuy.com. http://ajerseyguy.com/?p=5625. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Crouthamel, Jake (2000-12-08). "A Big East History and Retrospective, Part 1". SUAthletics.com. http://www.suathletics.com/sports/2001/8/8/history.aspx. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  8. Sarah Maslin Nir (2011-09-17). "Dave Gavitt, the Big East’s Founder, Dies at 73". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/18/sports/ncaabasketball/dave-gavitt-the-big-easts-founder-dies-at-73.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=deathsobituaries&adxnnlx=1316347225-meOtGfclrJRPis3Xx35n4w#&wtoeid=growl1_r1_v5. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  9. "Big East, Villanova Make It Official". United Press International. The Pittsburgh Press, via Google News. 1980-03-13. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=xBshAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SFwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4471,6402629&dq=big-east-conference+villanova&hl=en. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  10. Hanley, Richard F (1981-11-19). "Pittsburgh To Join Big East". Record-Journal (Google News). http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=schHAAAAIBAJ&sjid=u_8MAAAAIBAJ&pg=4292,2306993&dq=big-east-conference+football&hl=en. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  11. "Big East Football Timeline". Philly.com. March 8, 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-08-27. http://www.webcitation.org/6AEtk8rbY. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  12. Thamel, Pete (2012-05-07). "Commissioner John Marinatto Steps Down Amid Big East’s Instability". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/08/sports/ncaabasketball/john-marinatto-resigns-as-big-east-commissioner.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  13. "Big East 'unwilling' to meet terms". ESPN. 2013-01-03. http://espn.go.com/college-sports/story/_/id/8801033/big-east-was-unwilling-meet-boise-state-terms-according-mike-aresco. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  14. Katz, Andy; McMurphy, Brett (2012-12-11). "Big East fate vexes Catholic schools". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/college-sports/story/_/id/8735330/big-east-direction-concerns-conference-catholic-schools-sources-say. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  15. "Seven schools leaving Big East". ESPN. December 15, 2012. http://espn.go.com/college-sports/story/_/id/8749700/seven-schools-decide-leave-big-east-pursue-new-basketball-framework. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  16. Rovell, Darren (2013-01-06). "Sources: 'Catholic 7' eyes big TV deal". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/mens-college-basketball/story/_/id/8817624/fleeing-big-east-schools-working-lucrative-tv-deal-basketball. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
  17. Harten, David (2013-03-05). "Catholic 7 has framework to keep Big East name, MSG as tourney site". NBC Sports. http://collegebasketballtalk.nbcsports.com/2013/03/05/catholic-7-has-framework-to-keep-big-east-name-msg-as-tourney-site/. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  18. Blaudschun, Mark (2013-03-06). "Big East, Catholic 7 ready to make split official". AJerseyGuy.com. http://ajerseyguy.com/?p=5545. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  19. "Report: $100M for football schools". ESPN. 2013-03-05. http://espn.go.com/college-sports/story/_/id/9019093/big-east-football-schools-keep-close-110-million-league-split-according-report. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  20. Former Big East to be named American Athletic Conference - ESPN. Espn.go.com (2013-04-04). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  21. Wolken, Dan (2013-05-29). "American Athletic Conference unveils its primary logos". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/college/2013/05/29/american-athletic-conference-new-logo/2369991. "Beyond the challenge of avoiding something that looked corporate, the league also couldn't build the logo around an acronym. From the very beginning, the conference office has been adamant that it wants to be known as The American instead of the AAC to avoid confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference."
  22. http://www.theacc.com/genrel/112812aaa.html
  23. Rutgers Scarlet Knights accept invitation to join Big Ten as Board of Governors gives go-ahead to athletic director Tim Pernetti. NY Daily News (2012-11-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  24. For Cincinnati, Connecticut, Louisville, Rutgers, and South Florida, as well as the football program at Temple, join dates refer to the date they joined the original Big East.
  25. Connecticut's football program did not join the conference until 2004.
  26. Temple was not a Big East football member between the 2005 and 2011 seasons, most of this time being spent in the Mid-American Conference.
  27. The American Athletic Conference - Sponsored Sports. Theamerican.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  28. Villanova was previously a full, non-football member of the American from 1980-2013 when the conference was known as the Big East.
  29. "East Carolina Joins Soon-To-Be-Renamed BIG EAST in All Sports for 2014-15 Academic Year" (Press release). Big East Conference. March 27, 2013. http://www.bigeast.org/News/tabid/435/Article/243382/East-Carolina-Joins-Soon-To-Be-Renamed-BIG-EAST-in-All-Sports-for-2014-15-Academic-Year.aspx. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  30. Tulsa Golden Hurricane to join Big East, according to sources - ESPN. Espn.go.com (2013-03-27). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  31. "Big East looking to add 12th school". ESPN. 2013-01-28. http://espn.go.com/college-sports/story/_/id/8889597/big-east-wants-add-12th-school-keep-name. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  32. The Official Site of The American Athletic Conference. Theamerican.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  33. Under NCAA Bylaw 20.9.4, all Division I schools are required to sponsor a minimum of seven men's and seven women's sports, or six men's and eight women's sports. Bylaw 20.9.7.1 imposes the latter requirement on FBS schools. FCS schools, under Bylaw 20.9.8.1, may use either requirement. Note that this does not explicitly require that a school sponsor two more women's sports than men's sports. See "2012–13 NCAA Division I Manual". NCAA. http://ncaapublications.com/productdownloads/D113.pdf. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  34. BigEast.org
  35. "Temple Joins New Big East In Lacrosse, Field Hockey". http://www.vuhoops.com/big-east/2013/5/1/4290556/temple-rutgers-join-new-big-east-lacrosse-field-hockey. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  36. "2013–14 Championships". American Athletic Conference. June 22, 2013. http://www.theamerican.org/sports/2013/6/22/MBB_0622130547.aspx. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  37. "Houston Athletics to Add Women's Golf in 2013-14" (Press release). University of Houston Sports Information. October 15, 2012. http://www.uhcougars.com/sports/m-golf/spec-rel/101512aaa.html. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  38. "BCS Chronology". bcsfootball.org. Fox Sports. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080418091328/http://www.bcsfootball.org/bcsfb/history. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
  39. Myerberg, Paul. "Big East announces divisions, adds conference title game". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/ncaaf/2012/11/13/big-east-divisions-championship-game/1702851/. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  40. [The NCAA currently requires 12 teams for a conference to conduct divisional play and stage a championship game.]
  41. "American Athletic Conference picks Memphis to host league’s 1st men’s basketball tournament". http://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/colleges/american-athletic-conference-picks-memphis-to-host-leagues-1st-mens-basketball-tournament/2013/06/11/06eba37e-d307-11e2-b3a2-3bf5eb37b9d0_story.html.
  42. Association of American Universities. Aau.edu. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  43. "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2011". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2012. http://www.shanghairanking.com/ARWU2011.html. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  44. 44.0 44.1 As of June 30, 2011. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2010 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2010 to FY 2011" (PDF). 2012 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. 2012-03-19. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2011NCSEPublicTablesEndowmentMarketValues319.pdf.
  45. 45.0 45.1 "Best College Rankings and Lists". U.S. News & World Reports. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/rankings/national-universities/spp%2B500/page+1#. Retrieved 2013-03-07.

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