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Alamo Bowl
Valero Alamo Bowl
175px
Alamo Bowl logo
Stadium Alamodome
Location San Antonio, Texas
Operated 1993–present
Conference tie-ins Big 12, Pac-12
Previous conference tie-ins Southwest, Big Ten
Payout US$3,000,000 (As of 2010)
Sponsors
Builders Square (1993–1998)
Sylvania (1999–2001)
MasterCard (2002–2005)
Valero Energy Corporation (2007–present)
Former names
Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998)
Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001)
MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2002–2005)
Alamo Bowl (2006)
2011 matchup
Washington vs. Baylor (Baylor 67-56)
2012 matchup
Oregon State vs. Texas (December 29, 2012)

The Alamo Bowl is a major American college football bowl game played annually since 1993 in the 65,000-seat Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. The current champions are the Texas Longhorns. It matches the second choice team from the Pacific-12 Conference and the third choice team from the Big 12 Conference.

Traditionally, the Alamo Bowl has been played in December. The game following the 2009 season marked the first time the game was played in January, making it be played in 2010. The game following the 2010 season returned to December.

HistoryEdit

The game was previously known as the Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998), the Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001) and the MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2002–2005). The logo of the event has evolved to reflect the changes in sponsorship. On May 24, 2007 the Alamo Bowl announced a partnership with San Antonio-based Valero Energy Corporation, and thus the bowl's full name was changed to the Valero Alamo Bowl.

The game originally gave an automatic invite to a team from the now-defunct Southwest Conference (SWC). However, in 1993, only two of the eight SWC teams finished with the necessary 6 wins against Division 1-A teams to become bowl-eligible (and those two teams were already committed to other bowls). The Alamo Bowl invited the Iowa Hawkeyes instead. The SWC was able to provide participants for the next two seasons (Baylor and Texas A&M) before the conference disbanded.

During the 1996 Alamo Bowl, the Iowa Hawkeyes wore plain black helmets (removing their tigerhawk logo and gold stripe) in honor of linebacker Mark Mitchell's mother, who died in a car accident while traveling to San Antonio for the game.

The 2002 Alamo Bowl played between Colorado and Wisconsin was the first ever Alamo Bowl to go into overtime, with the unranked Badgers defeating the No. 14 ranked Buffaloes after kicking a field goal to win 31–28, completing a perfect non-conference schedule at 6-0 (they went 2-6 in the Big Ten). The 2008 Alamo Bowl between Missouri and Northwestern also went into overtime, with Missouri defeating Northwestern 30–23.

The 2005 Alamo Bowl ended on one of the most controversial plays in bowl game history,[1] a multi-lateral play in which almost the entire Nebraska team and coaching staff and half of the Michigan sideline entered onto the field, and Nebraska gave their coach the Gatorade Dunk before the play was blown dead, bringing up memories of 1982's "The Play", 2000's "Music City Miracle", and 2002's "Bluegrass Miracle".

The 2007 Alamo Bowl between the Penn State Nittany Lions and the Texas A&M Aggies was attended by 66,166, which set an Alamodome facility-record crowd for a sporting event, breaking the previous year's game between Iowa and Texas. Penn State won the game 24–17.[1][2]

The Alamo Bowl has sold out seven of its sixteen games (1995, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2011).[3]

On August 28, 2009, the Alamo Bowl organizers announced they had reached an agreement with the then-Pac-10 Conference to replace the Big Ten in the Alamo Bowl. Under the terms of the agreement, the now-Pac-12's second-choice team earns a bid to the Alamo Bowl. The agreement takes effect beginning with the 2010 college football season.[4] The now-Pac-12's second-choice team was previously contracted to play in the Holiday Bowl against a Big 12 team; that bowl will instead take the #3 team in the Pac-12 to face a Big 12 opponent.

In the 2011 Alamo Bowl the Baylor Bears and Washington Huskies combined to score 123 points, breaking the record for the most points scored in a bowl game in college football history. Baylor won the game 67-56. The 2011 game was also the first Alamo Bowl to feature the season's Heisman Trophy winner, Baylor's Robert Griffin III.

Media coverageEdit

The Alamo Bowl has produced eight of the top 20 most-watched bowl games in ESPN history. In 2006, the Alamo Bowl featured the Texas Longhorns and the Iowa Hawkeyes in a game that earned a 6.0 rating, making it the most-watched college football game in ESPN history as more than 8.83 million viewers saw the telecast.[5]

Game resultsEdit

Date Winning team Losing team Attendance Notes
December 31, 1993 California 37 Iowa 3 45,716 notes
December 31, 1994 (24) Washington State 10 Baylor 3 44,106 notes
December 28, 1995 (19) Texas A&M 22 (14) Michigan 20 64,597 notes
December 29, 1996 (21) Iowa 27 Texas Tech 0 55,677 notes
December 30, 1997 (16) Purdue 33 (24) Oklahoma State 20 55,552 notes
December 29, 1998 Purdue 37 (4) Kansas State 34 60,780 notes
December 28, 1999 (13) Penn State 24 (18) Texas A&M 0 65,380 notes
December 30, 2000 (8) Nebraska 66 (19) Northwestern 17 60,028 notes
December 29, 2001 Iowa 19 Texas Tech 16 65,232 notes
December 28, 2002 Wisconsin 31 (14) Colorado 28 (OT) 50,690 notes
December 29, 2003 (22) Nebraska 17 Michigan State 3 56,229 notes
December 29, 2004 (24) Ohio State 33 Oklahoma State 7 65,265 notes
December 28, 2005 Nebraska 32 (20) Michigan 28 62,016 notes
December 30, 2006 (18) Texas 26 Iowa 24 65,875[2] notes
December 29, 2007 Penn State 24 Texas A&M 17 66,166 notes
December 29, 2008 (25) Missouri 30 (22) Northwestern 23 (OT) 55,986 notes
January 2, 2010 Texas Tech 41 Michigan State 31 64,757 notes
December 29, 2010 (16) Oklahoma State 36 Arizona 10 57,593 notes
December 29, 2011 (15) Baylor 67 Washington 56 65,256 notes
December 29, 2012 (23)Texas 31 (13) Oregon State 27 65,277 notes

MVPsEdit

Date MVPs Team Position
December 31, 1993 Dave Barr California QB
Jerrott Willard California LB
December 31, 1994 Chad Davis Washington State QB
Ron Childs Washington State LB
December 28, 1995 Kyle Bryant Texas A&M K
Keith Mitchell Texas A&M LB
December 29, 1996 Sedrick Shaw Iowa RB
Jared DeVries Iowa DL
December 30, 1997 Billy Dicken Purdue QB
Adrian Beasley Purdue S
December 29, 1998 Drew Brees Purdue QB
Rosevelt Colvin Purdue DE
December 28, 1999 Rashard Casey Penn State QB
LaVar Arrington Penn State LB
December 30, 2000 Dan Alexander Nebraska RB
Kyle Vanden Bosch Nebraska DL
December 29, 2001 Aaron Greving Iowa RB
Derrick Pickens Iowa DL
December 29, 2002 Brooks Bollinger Wisconsin QB
Jeff Mack Wisconsin LB
December 29, 2003 Jammal Lord Nebraska QB
Trevor Johnson Nebraska DL
December 29, 2004 Ted Ginn Jr. Ohio State WR/PR/KR
Simon Fraser Ohio State DE
December 28, 2005 Cory Ross Nebraska RB
Leon Hall Michigan CB
December 30, 2006 Colt McCoy Texas QB
Aaron Ross Texas CB
December 29, 2007 Rodney Kinlaw Penn State RB
Sean Lee Penn State LB
December 29, 2008 Jeremy Maclin Missouri WR/PR/KR
Sean Weatherspoon Missouri LB
January 2, 2010 Taylor Potts Texas Tech QB
Jamar Wall Texas Tech CB
December 29, 2010 Justin Blackmon Oklahoma State WR
Markelle Martin Oklahoma State S
December 29, 2011 Terrance Ganaway Baylor RB
Elliot Coffey Baylor LB
December 29, 2012 Marquise Goodwin Texas WR
Alex Okafor Texas DE

Most appearancesEdit

Rank Team Appearances Record
1 Iowa 4 2–2
T2 Nebraska 3 3–0
T2 Oklahoma State 3 1–2
T2 Texas A&M 3 1–2
T2 Texas Tech 3 1–2
T6 Penn State 2 2–0
T6 Purdue 2 2–0
T6 Baylor 2 1–1
T6 Michigan 2 0–2
T6 Michigan State 2 0–2
T6 Northwestern 2 0–2
T6 Texas 2 2–0
T13 California 1 1–0
T13 Missouri 1 1–0
T13 Ohio State 1 1–0
T13 Washington State 1 1–0
T13 Wisconsin 1 1–0
T13 Arizona 1 0–1
T13 Colorado 1 0–1
T13 Kansas State 1 0–1
T13 Oregon State 1 0–1
T13 Washington 1 0–1

Wins by conferenceEdit

Conference Wins Losses Pct.
Big 12 9 9 .500
Big Ten 8 8 .500
Pac-12 2 2 .500

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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