|Akron Zips football|
|Home stadium||[[InfoCision Stadium]]|
|Past conferences|| Ohio Athletic Conference (1915–36, 1946–65)|
Mid-Continent Conference (1978–79)
Ohio Valley Conference (1980–87)
|Postseason bowl record||1–2|
|Division titles||2 (2005,2017)|
|Rivalries|| Kent State (rivalry)|
Youngstown State (rivalry)
|Fight song||Akron Blue and Gold|
|Marching band||Ohio's Pride|
The Akron Zips football team is a college football program representing the University of Akron in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Akron plays its home games on InfoCision Stadium on the campus of the University of Akron in Akron, Ohio. The Zips compete in the Mid-American Conference as a member of the East Division.
The team was established in 1891 when the school was known as Buchtel College and became the University of Akron in 1913. In 1926, the athletic teams were named the Zippers, after rubber boots manufactured by the B.F. Goodrich Company, which was headquartered in Akron at the time. The name was shortened to "Zips" in 1950. Akron was originally classified as a Small College school in the 1937 season until 1972. Akron received Division II classification in 1973, before becoming a Division I-AA program in 1980 and a Division I-A (now FBS) program in 1987. The Zips were the first team to move from Division I-AA to Division I-A. In 2005, the Zips won the Mid-American Conference championship for the first time in the program's history. Through the 2015 season, the Zips have an overall record of 507–524–36.
Early history (1891–1953)Edit
The University of Akron football team established in 1891. In their first game, the team, then called Buchtel College, defeated Western Reserve Academy by a score of 22–6 in Hudson, Ohio. Buchtel went on to finish its first season with a 1–3 record. The following year, Buchtel hired Frank Cook as the school's first ever head coach. Cook led Buchtel to a 3–4 record during his only season has head coach.
In 1893, the college hired John Heisman to become the football and baseball coach. Heisman lead Buchtel to their first winning season with a 5–2 record in 1893, and then led them to their first undefeated season, albeit a single game season in which they defeated the Ohio State Buckeyes. While at Buchtel, Heisman also helped invent the snap, which is still used in modern-day football. The early years for Buchtel saw many coaching changes, as the program went through nine different coaches in the 22-year span. Buchtel College changed its name to the University of Akron in 1913.
Coach Fred Sefton served as the head football coach of the Zippers for nine seasons, from 1915 to 1923, compiling a record of 33–34–4. Sefton's teams posted winning records in five of Sefton's nine seasons, including four of his final five. Sefton resigned as head coach after the 1923 season. James W. Coleman was hired as Akron's head football coach after Sefton's resignation. His final record in two seasons with the Zippers is 6–10.
George Babcock took over as head coach after Coleman's departure and led the Zips to a 5–2–2 record before departing to accept the head football coach position at Cincinnati. Red Blair was hired as the team's next head coach after Babcock's departure. In nine seasons at the helm of the Zips, Blair's teams compiled a record of 43–30–5. Blair's 1929 Akron team compiled a record of 9–1. His 1930 team went 7–1 and his 1935 team posted a 6–3 record for the best three years of Blair's tenure. Blair resigned as head coach of the Zips after the 1935 season. Jim Aiken was hired as the Zippers' head coach after Blair's resignation. Aiken's three seasons were all winning, as his teams compiled yearly records of 6–2–1, 7–2 and 6–3 for a grand total of 19–7–1. Aiken departed the Zips after the 1938 season to accept the head football coach position at Nevada.
Thomas Dowler was hired to lead the Zippers football program after Aiken's departure. In two seasons as head coach, Dowler's teams compiled a record of 7–9–2. Otis Douglas took over the reins of the Akron football program after Dowler and his teams struggled. In two seasons, the Zippers posted a record of 5–10–3 that included a winless 0–7–2 mark in what turned out to be Douglas' final season. Akron did not field a football team from 1943–1945 due to the events surrounding World War II.
Paul Baldacci was hired as Akron's head coach after the three season hiatus was over. Baldacci served as head coach for two seasons, compiling a record of 7–10 that included yearly records of 5–4 and 2–6. Akron's on-the-field struggles continued during the tenure of Baldacci's successor, William Houghton, whose tenure produced a 7–27–1 record with no winning seasons or more than two wins in a single season. Under head coach Kenneth Cochrane, the Zippers broke out of their slump, posting yearly records of 2–6–1 and 6–3 before Cochrane stepped down to focus on his duties as athletics director at Akron. Cochrane shorted the school's athletic nickname from "Zippers" to "Zips".
Joe McMullen era (1954–1960)Edit
Joe McMullen came to Akron from Washington & Jefferson and achieved moderate success as the Zips head coach. While his teams did compile an overall winning record during McMullen's seven-season tenure (30–28–3), declining records of 4–5 and 1–8 led to his firing after the 1960 season.
Gordon Larson era (1961–1972)Edit
In 1961, the Zips hired Gordon Larson, who had been an assistant coach under Woody Hayes at Ohio State. Larson helped the Zips finish 2nd in the Ohio Athletic Conference 3 times in his first five seasons, going 26–8 in conference play during those five season. In 1966, the Zips left the Ohio Athletic Conference, and became an Independent football program. During its Independence era, the Zips put together the best run in school history, winning 38 games from 1968 to 1971, also going to the 1968 Grantland Rice Bowl. In 12 seasons, Larson had a record of 74–33–5. At the time of his retirement from coach, Larson was the all-time wins leader among head coaches in Akron football history. Larson remained at the university as the athletics director.
Jim Dennison era (1973–1985)Edit
In 1973, the Zips promoted long-time assistant, Jim Dennison to replace the retired Larson. Under Dennison's tutelage, the Zips transitioned from NCAA Division II to Division I-AA and posted an 80–62–2 record that included nine winning seasons in Dennison's thirteen. Despite these successes, Dennison was fired as head coach after the 1985 season.
Gerry Faust era (1986–1994)Edit
In 1985 Akron president William Muse replaced Dennison with former Notre Dame head coach Gerry Faust. Muse wanted the program to have "instant credibility" during its transition into a 1-A school in 1987. Adams and Muse felt that Faust was more prepared to lead the Zips as they transitioned into a 1-A institution. Faust struggled to get acclimated to the small budget school, struggling to a 25–23–2 start after his first 4 seasons with the Zips. Faust's Zips teams never won more than seven games in one season. Following a 1–10 finish in 1994, he was relieved of his coaching duties and became a fundraiser for the university. Faust's 43 wins placed him 3rd in Akron career wins leaders.
The Zips became the first ever program to transition from I-AA to 1-A when they made the move in 1987.
Lee Owens era (1995–2003)Edit
Lee Owens, a highly successful high school head football coach, was hired by the Zips as head football coach after Faust's firing. Owens' teams were mediocre at best, with two seven-win seasons (1999 and 2003) and a six-win season (2000), but his overall record was 40–61, which led to his firing by athletics director Mike Thomas after nine seasons.
J. D. Brookhart era (2004–2009)Edit
J. D. Brookhart, previously offensive coordinator at Pittsburgh, became the 25th head coach of Akron on December 15, 2003, the program's third head coach since gaining Division I-A status in 1987. In his second season, he led the Zips to their first Mid-American Conference championship and their first bowl game in school history, the 2005 Motor City Bowl, which they lost, 38–31, to the Memphis. He was fired after the 2009 season, when the Zips went 3–9. Brookhart's final record at Akron is 30–42.
Rob Ianello era (2010–2011)Edit
In December 2009, Akron hired Rob Ianello, previously wide receivers coach at Notre Dame, as the Zips head football coach. He lost his first eleven games as a head coach before getting the victory over Buffalo in the final game of the 2010 season. His only other win as Akron's head football coach was a 36–13 defeat of VMI (a Football Championship Subdivision team) in 2011. Ianello was fired as Akron's head coach after just two seasons and a dismal 2–22 record.
Terry Bowden era (2012–2018)Edit
Template:Very long section On December 22, 2011, it was announced North Alabama head coach Terry Bowden, son of legendary coach Bobby Bowden, would be hired as the 27th head football coach of the Akron Zips, and he was formally introduced on December 28, 2011. An Akron assistant coach in 1986 under head coach Gerry Faust, Terry Bowden had achieved fame in the 1990s with a successful six-year stint as the head football coach at Auburn, compiling a record of 47–17–1 that included a twenty-game winning streak. In his first year, Bowden duplicated Ianello's 1–11 record from 2011 in what was dubbed as a rebuilding year.
On September 14, 2013, Bowden led Akron against the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and came within a few yards of defeating the Wolverines, losing 28–24 after an incomplete pass from the Wolverines' 3-yard line on the final play of the game went out of the back of the end zone. Akron lead at various points during the game: 10–7 in the third quarter after a 28-yard passing touchdown from Kyle Pohl to Zach D'Orazio; and 24–21 in the fourth quarter after a one-yard pass from Pohl to Tyrell Goodman. Bowden's 2013 team showed improvement, compiling a 5–7 record on the season that included snapping the nation's longest road losing streak (28) with a 24–17 victory at Miami (OH). Akron would finish 5–7 on the season. For the signs of improvement shown by the Zips, Akron extended Bowden's contract by two years through 2017.
In 2014, Bowden led the Zips to another 5–7 mark with a 3–5 record in MAC play to finish in a tie for fourth place in the MAC East Division. The Zips began the season with a 41–0 shutout of Howard. Akron then lost to Penn State by a score of 21–3. The third game of the season saw the Akron Zips lose to Marshall by a score of 48–17. The Zips would then reel off three straight wins, upsetting Pittsburgh, defeating Eastern Michigan and Miami (OH). Akron would then lose its next four, beginning with Ohio, then Bowling Green and Buffalo. Akron defeated UMass in its next-to-last game to set up an opportunity to attain bowl eligibility in its last regular season game, but the Zips lost to archrival Kent State by a score of 27–24.
In 2015, the Zips finished the season at 8–5 with a 5–3 record in MAC play to finish in a tie for second place in the MAC East Division. To kick off the season, Bowden led the Zips into Norman, Oklahoma for a showdown against one of the country's all-time college football powers, #10 Oklahoma. The Zips would lose by a score of 41–3. Akron would then lose to Pittsburgh the following week to start the season at 0–2. Akron would pick up its first win of the 2015 campaign the following week against Savannah State. Akron beat Louisiana-Lafayette in game four by a score of 35–14. The following week, the Zips lost to Ohio, before defeating Eastern Michigan by a score of 47–21. The Zips then lost to Bowling Green and Central Michigan before finishing the season on a five-game winning streak, defeating UMass, Miami (OH), Buffalo to attain bowl eligibility, Kent State in the regular season finale, and Utah State in the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl.
Bowden led the Zips to a 5–7, 3–5 record in MAC play to finish in a tie for third place in the MAC East Division in 2016. The season began with a victory over VMI. The next week, Akron went to Madison, Wisconsin for a showdown against #10 Wisconsin. The Zips lost the game by a score of 54–10. Next, the Zips defeated Marshall by a score of 65–38, the most points Marshall had allowed in a football game in 25 years. The next week, Akron lost to Appalachian State before defeating Kent State and Miami (OH). After getting blanked 41–0 by #24 Western Michigan, the Akron Zips beat Ball State by a score of 35–25. The Zips would then lose its last four games of the season, beginning with Buffalo, then Toledo, Bowling Green and Ohio.
On December 2nd, 2018, Bowden was relieved of his duties as head coach after 7 seasons.
Tom Arth era (2019–present)Edit
Akron has competed both as an independent and within multiple conferences.:168–174
- Independent (1891–1914)
- Ohio Athletic Conference (1915–1935)
- Independent (1936–1947)
- Ohio Athletic Conference (1948–1965)
- Independent (1966–1973)
- Division II (1974–1980)
- Mid-Continent Conference (1978–1979)
- Ohio Valley Conference (1980–1986)
- Division I-A Independent (1987–1991)
- Mid-American Conference (1992–present)
Akron has participated in three bowl games in its history, compiling a 1–2 record. Prior to 1987, the Zips were not a part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I–A). J. D. Brookhart arrived in 2004 and led the Zips to one bowl game in his six seasons as head coach, an automatic berth in the 2005 Motor City Bowl. The team has subsequently appeared in two bowl games under Terry Bowden.
|2005||J. D. Brookhart||Motor City Bowl||Memphis||L 38–31|
|2015||Terry Bowden||Famous Idaho Potato Bowl||Utah State||W 23–21|
|2017||Terry Bowden||Boca Raton Bowl||Florida Atlantic||L 50–3|
Division I-AA PlayoffsEdit
Akron has participated in the Division I-AA playoffs once in its history, compiling a 0–1 record.
|1985||Jim Dennison||First Round||Rhode Island||L 27–35|
|2005||Mid-American Conference||J. D. Brookhart||7–6||5–3|
The Akron Zips have had 27 head coaches throughout the program's history. With 80 victories, Jim Dennison is first overall in the program's history, followed by Gordon K. Larson (74 wins) and Gerry Faust (43).
|Alfred W. Place||1903||4–0–2||.833|
|James W. Coleman||1924–25||6–10||.375|
|Gordon K. Larson||1961–72||74–33–5||.683|
|J. D. Brookhart||2004–09||30–42||.417|
- Notable former assistant coaches
The Zips football program has had several assistant coaches who went on to make notable achievements, from longevity in their tenure as collegiate coaches to becoming head coaches at the NCAA FBS level.
- Paul Bixler - Assistant Coach (1936–39)
- Terry Bowden - Assistant Coach (1986)
- Jim Dennison - Assistant Coach (1965–72)
- Otis Douglas - Line Coach (1939–40)
- Luke Fickell - Defensive Line Coach (2000–01)
- Hal Hunter - Offensive Line Coach (1987–90)
- Jack Lengyel - Assistant Coach (1959)
- Tom Reed - Defensive Line Coach (1969–72)
- Jim Tressel - Graduate Assistant (1975–78)
Akron's biggest rival is Kent State, located 10 miles (16 km) from the Akron campus. The two schools first met in 1923 and have played 56 times through the 2013 meeting. Akron went 11–0–1 in the first 12 meetings in the series between 1923 and 1941, with no games played from 1924–27 and 1937–39. Kent State started a 10-game winning streak in 1942 through 1954, though no games were played during the World War II years of 1943–45 when neither school fielded teams. After the 1954 meeting, the rivalry was scrapped due to a lack of competition. It was reinstated in 1972 and has been an annual contest since 1983. In 1992, Akron joined the MAC and the rivalry became a conference game.
Since 1946, the two teams have played for the Wagon Wheel trophy. The story goes that John R. Buchtel was searching for a site to start a new college in 1870 near what is now Kent State University when his wagon became stuck in the mud. The horses pulled the wagon apart and one of the wheels ended up being buried. Buchtel would eventually settle on a site in Akron for Buchtel College. In 1902, while digging for a pipeline in Kent, the wheel was discovered and eventually came into the possession of Kent State dean of men Dr. Raymond Manchester. It was he who suggested in 1945 that the wheel be used as a trophy for the winner of the Kent State-Akron football game.
The Zips have played the Youngstown State 35 times in football. They played for the Steel Tire, named for the products that both cities were known for. In 1995, the series was discontinued with Youngstown State holding a 19–14–2 edge.
Rubber Bowl (1940–2008)Edit
The Akron Zips football team played their first game in the stadium on October 5, 1940 against Western Reserve (now known as Case Western Reserve University), before getting their first win in the facility November 9 of that year against rival Kent State. Prior to playing at the Rubber Bowl, the Zips football teams played at Buchtel Field, a 7,000-seat facility that opened in 1923. The Zips recorded their first sellout in the Rubber Bowl on September 30, 1961. In 1971, the university purchased the stadium for $1 from the city. An artificial surface was installed in 1983, which was replaced with AstroPlay in 2003. The Zips played 324 games at the stadium, which included their first-ever appearance on ESPN in 1986. Other notable games include the highest-scoring game in the stadium's history, a 65–62 victory over Eastern Michigan in 2001, as well as a 65–7 Akron victory over Howard University in 2003. In 2005, the Zips clinched their first Mid-American Conference East Division title and spot in the 2005 MAC Championship Game with a 35–3 win over arch-rival Kent State in that year's Wagon Wheel game. Akron would go on to win the 2005 MAC Championship with a last-second 31–30 win over Northern Illinois at Ford Field in Detroit.
In 2003, the university began exploring the feasibility of building an on-campus stadium to replace the Rubber Bowl, which was in disrepair and several miles away from campus. In 2007, plans were announced for a new stadium, later known as InfoCision Stadium – Summa Field, with work beginning in January 2008 and opening in September 2009. The final Akron Zips football game at the Rubber Bowl took place on November 13, 2008 against the Buffalo Bulls. The game was nationally televised on ESPN and featured the two teams tied for first place in the Mid-American Conference's East Division with identical 5–4 (3–2) records entering the game. Buffalo defeated the Zips 43–40 in four overtimes in front of a crowd of 18,516. For the Zips, it was both the first four-overtime game and the first overtime loss in school history. After the game, a special ceremony with current and former players and coaches was held to honor the 68-year history of the stadium.
InfoCision Stadium–Summa Field (2009–present)Edit
InfoCision Stadium was constructed as part of a building initiative undergone by the University of Akron called the "New Landscape for Learning." The $300 million construction program included the construction and renovations of numerous buildings on campus, including the Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences building, an honors complex, a student recreation center, and a student union. The Rubber Bowl, the former home of the Zips football team, was located 6 miles (9.7 km) away of the Akron campus. Due to the high maintenance costs for the facility, the decision was made to construct an on-campus stadium.
To build the new stadium, several dormitories had to be demolished and the properties of local tenants were acquired using eminent domain. In order to house the displaced students, the University spent $22.6 million to purchase Quaker Square, a former Quaker Oats Company oat silo that was converted into a hotel.
The home opener of the 2009 football season marked the first game held in InfoCision Stadium. In it, the Zips defeated Morgan State 41–0. To mark the occasion, a ribbon-cutting ceremony was held to inaugurate the new stadium. Amongst those who cut the ribbon were Don Plusquellic (Mayor of Akron), Betty Sutton (member of the United States House of Representatives), and Luis Proenza (President of the University of Akron).
Stile Athletics Field HouseEdit
An indoor training facility used primarily for the football team. It includes a full practice football field, extensive weight room, indoor track and offices for the football program.
Logos and uniforms Edit
In 2002, the University instituted a new athletics logo featuring the kangaroo as well as a custom font for "Akron Zips." The logo replaced the former Akron logo which featured a flying "A". The football program adapted the alternate logo for their helmets which featured an "A" and a profile view of a kangaroo. The first year of the logo change, the football helmets had the alternate logo with a navy colored oval around it. The following year, the navy oval was dropped. Additional changes that also came with the re-branding included the uniforms altered to change the yellow to gold.
|* – denotes Consensus All-Americans|
|# – denotes Unanimous All-Americans|
Conference award winnersEdit
|Akron Conference Award Winners|
Hall of Fame inducteesEdit
College Football Hall of FameEdit
|John Heisman||Head coach||1893–1894||1954|
Pro Football Hall of FameEdit
University of Akron Varsity "A" Sports Hall of FameEdit
The following individuals have been inducted into the University of Akron Varsity "A" Sports Hall of Fame for their contributions to the Zips football program:
- Dave Adolph
- Jim Aiken
- Isavelt Amison
- David Arango
- Floyd Azar
- Art Bailey
- Robert Bauer
- Jack Beidleman
- Scotty Bierce
- Earl Boedicker
- Thomas Boggs
- Jim Braccio
- Dennis Brumfield
- Tony Butowicz
- Richard Case
- Michael Clark
- Kenneth Cochrane
- Steve Cockerham
- Charles Costigan
- Park Crisp
- Carl Daum
- Ken Delaney
- Tom DeMarco
- Jim Dennison
- George Deo
- Robert Dombroski
- Ollie Dreisbach
- Glenn Evans
- Mike Fernella
- Frank Fisher
- Ignatius Frolin
- Ben Flossie
- Harold Frye
- Andy Graham
- Wayne Grant
- Ray Greene
- Art Hailey
- Mike Hatch
- Robert Hatherill
- Dennis Heckman
- John Heisman
- Earl Hensal
- Al Hodakievic
- Dave Holian
- Russell Holmes
- Lee R. Jackson
- Hayes Jenkins
- Verlin Jenkins
- Lillburn Johnson
- Christopher Kelley
- Clarence Kelly
- Alan Kerkian
- Russ Klaus
- Edwin Kregenow
- Mike Krino
- John Lahoski
- Gordon K. Larson
- Frank Lomax
- Edward Lopeman
- Robert Lyons
- Andrew Maluke
- Joe Mazzaferro
- Dick Miller
- Tony Pallija
- Clarence Palmer
- Joseph Papp
- Charles Parnell
- Bradley Reese
- Frank Rockwell
- Virgil Rogers
- Marion Rossi
- Dan Ruff
- Willard Russell
- Mario Russo
- Eric Schoch
- Donald Schultz
- Roderick Scott
- Gene Scruggs
- Darrington Seals
- James Semester
- Wilson Sparkhawk
- Carl Spessard
- Bill Sturgeon
- Clarence Swigart
- Ed Toth
- John Travis
- Carl Tsaloff
- Ronald Ulrich
- Mark Van Horn
- John Verdon
- Frank Wahl
- Ralph Waldsmith
- Frank Wargo
- Paul Winters
- Frank Witwer
- Frank Zazula
- Joseph Zemla
- Guy Zimmerman
- Don Zwisler
Current coaching staffEdit
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2018)|
- Terry Bowden - Head coach
- Jeff Bowden – Wide receivers / Special teams coordinator
- Trent Boykin – Tight ends/H-Backs
- Brett Ekkens – Offensive line
- Eric Hickson – Running backs
- A.J. Milwee – Offensive coordinator / Quarterbacks
- Otis Mounds – Cornerbacks / Defensive passing game coordinator
- Mark Ouimet – Operations / Recruiting coordinator
- Todd Stroud – Defensive line / Recruiting coordinator
- Mike Woodford – Safeties
- Vacant – Linebackers
- Consecutive victories
- 11 (1929–30 & 1969–70)
- Margin of Victory
- 62 vs. Western Reserve Acad. (1893)
- Total Offensive Yards
- Points Scored
- Total Punting Yardage
- Career: Andry Graham – 10,693
- Season: Zach Campbell – 3,061 (2010)
- Game: Bill Rudison – 613 vs. Virginia Tech (1989)
- Average Punting Yardage
- Career: Mike Hayes – 42.2
- Season: Ray Dodge – 44.9 (1948)
- Game: Daron Alcorn – 51.8 vs. Cincinnati (1992)
- Kick Return Yards
- Career: Matt Carter – 1,366
- Season: Matt Carter – 867 (2002)
- Game: Matt Carter – 180 vs. Marshall (2001)
- Kick Return Yard Average
- Kick Returns for Touchdowns
- Career: Frank Zazula, Jim Braccio & Dan Ruff – 2
- Season: Dan Ruff – 2 (1967)
- Punt Return Yards
- Career: Pat Snow – 535
- Season: Matt Cherry – 305 (2003)
- Game: Jeff Sweitzer – 133 vs. Northern Arizona (1989)
- Punt Return Yard Average
- Career: Matt Cherry – 13.3
- Season: Domenik Hixon – 17.2 (2004)
- Game (3 min. attempts): Domenik Hixon – 39.0 vs. Ball State (2004)
- Punt Returns for Touchdowns
- Career: Jeff Sweitzer & Matt Cherry – 3
- Season: Jeff Sweitzer (1989) & Matt Cherry (2003) – 2
- Game: Jeff Sweitzer – 2 vs. Northern Arizona (1989)
Zips in professional footballEdit
Akron has produced a total of 10 NFL draft selections. The following "Active" and "All-Star" lists account for past and present University of Akron football players that have participated in the National Football League, the Canadian Football League, and the Arena Football League.
Among the numerous Zips that have participated in the NFL, CFL, and AFL, a total of 3 have received all-star recognition by their respective leagues.
NFL draft selectionsEdit
- Chris Kelley
- Daron Alcorn
- Jason Taylor
- Dwight Smith
- 2001 – 84th overall by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Jake Schifino
- Charlie Frye
- Domenik Hixon
- Andy Alleman
- Reggie Corner
- Jatavis Brown
Future non-conference opponents Edit
Announced schedules as of June 10, 2019.
|at Illinois||Youngstown State||at Auburn||Saint Francis (PA)||at Temple||at Kentucky||at Nebraska||at Kentucky|
|UAB||at New Mexico State||Temple||at Michigan State||Morgan State||at South Carolina||at UAB|
|Troy||at Clemson||Bryant||at Liberty||Kentucky|
|at UMass||UMass||at Ohio State||New Mexico State||at Indiana|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "InfoCision Stadium – Summa Field". GoZips.com. University of Akron. http://www.gozips.com/athletics/facilities/InfoCision. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
- ↑ 2016 Akron Football Media Guide. University of Akron. 2016. p. 16. http://www.gozips.com/sports/fball/2016-17/2016MediaGuide/Files/2016_Zips_Football_Media_Guide_-_1-24_Intro.pdf. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- ↑ DeLassus, David. "Akron Historical Data". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130515131507/http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/mac/akron/index.php. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- ↑ "University of Akron Athletics History". www.gozips.com. University of Akron. Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. https://web.archive.org/web/20110522092419/http://www.gozips.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=10800&ATCLID=323403.
- ↑ "MAC Report Online: 2005 Football Season Review". Archived from the original on 2006-03-08. https://web.archive.org/web/20060308043727/http://macreportonline.com/MAC_2005_Football_Season_Review.htm.
- ↑ "2015 Football Bowl Subdivision Records – All-Time Team Won-Loss Records". National Collegiate Athletic Association. http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/football_records/2015/FBS.pdf. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- ↑ http://history.salem.lib.oh.us/SalemHistory//Yesteryears/1993/Vol3No13Dec14op.pdf
- ↑ "2012 MAC Football Preview Part Five". www.theclevelandfa.com. TheClevelandFan, LLC. http://www.theclevelandfan.com/misc/the-mac/32-the-mac-archive/10080-2012-mac-football-preview-part-five. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Matthew Balsinger (September 6, 2012). "John Heisman; an Akron legend". www.buchtelite.com. The Buchtelite. http://www.buchtelite.com/john-heisman-an-akron-legend/. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- ↑ "History : The University of Akron". uakron.edu. https://www.uakron.edu/about_ua/history/.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 http://knowledgeweb.tk/Fred_Sefton
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=416.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. https://web.archive.org/web/20111013013743/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=75.
- ↑ "Cincinnati Football History Database". nationalchamps.net. http://www.nationalchamps.net/NCAA/database/cincinnati_database.htm.
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=181.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=16.
- ↑ "Eugene Register-Guard – Google News Archive Search". google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1310&dat=19611101&id=GjoRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=YOkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6807,52604.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=633.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=628.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=85.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=1116.
- ↑ "Athletics History & Traditions". University of Akron. http://www.uakron.edu/about_ua/history/athletics_history_traditions.dot. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- ↑ "Sarasota Herald-Tribune – Google News Archive Search". google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1755&dat=19540509&id=eZkcAAAAIBAJ&sjid=3mQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=2343,1663150.
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=1573.
- ↑ nethelper.com.au/article/Joe_McMullen
- ↑ "Former Akron coach Gordan Larson dies". The Vindicator. June 14, 2005. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cqhIAAAAIBAJ&sjid=n4EMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2323,2948391. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 "Beaver County Times – Google News Archive Search". google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2002&dat=19721113&id=CmwyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=R7MFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2687,3513645.
- ↑ "Walsh University's Jim Dennison to Retire". www.walsh.edu. Walsh University. November 12, 2012. http://www.walsh.edu/walsh-university-s-jim-dennison-to-retire. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ "History of FBS (I-A) vs. NCAA Division II/III & NAIA". footballgeography.com. http://www.footballgeography.com/history-of-fbs-i-a-vs-ncaa-division-iiiii-naia/.
- ↑ "USA TODAY". sportsnetwork.com. http://www.sportsnetwork.com/merge/tsnform.aspx?c=usatoday&page=cfoot/teams/direct452.htm.
- ↑ "Schembechler: Akron President Should Be Fired". latimes. http://articles.latimes.com/1985-12-20/sports/sp-5119_1_akron-president.
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 Peter Alfano (April 4, 1986). "GERRY FAUST STARTS OVER WITH AKRON". www.nytimes.com. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1986/04/04/sports/gerry-faust-starts-over-with-akron.html?pagewanted=1. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ "Schembechler: Akron President Should Be Fired". www.latimes.com. Los Angeles Time. December 20, 1985. http://articles.latimes.com/1985-12-20/sports/sp-5119_1_akron-president. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ Jerry Bembry (October 12, 1990). "Gerry Faust Finds Serenity at Akron : College football: Five years after his disappointing tenure at Notre Dame, the coach discovers that the crowds are smaller, but the rewards are greater, with the Division I-A Zips.". www.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-10-12/sports/sp-2443_1_notre-dame. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ "Faust fired by Akron". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. November 21, 1994. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1755&dat=19941121&id=tLscAAAAIBAJ&sjid=rXwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3724,530136. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ Jere Longman (September 23, 1987). "The Rocky Road To The Big Time The University Of Akron's Unprecedented Move To Division I-a Has Not Been A Smooth One For The School Or For Coach Gerry Faust". www.aboutphilly.com. http://articles.philly.com/1987-09-23/sports/26209032_1_jim-dennison-william-muse-athletic-budget. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ↑ "Answers – The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers.com. http://www.answers.com/topic/mid-american-conference.
- ↑ "For Zips coach Lee owens the battle is won by the spirit". The Daily Collegian. http://www.collegian.psu.edu/archives/article_651dd31b-8564-5f31-b393-2abf98bdb9b4.html?mode=image&photo=0.
- ↑ "The Bryan Times – Google News Archive Search". google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=799&dat=20031117&id=fLhOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=gkkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2666,1767025.
- ↑ "Toledo Blade – Google News Archive Search". google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1350&dat=20031216&id=lmFPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QQQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4556,124804.
- ↑ "Statistically Speaking". leftyloon.blogspot.com. http://leftyloon.blogspot.com/2005_12_01_archive.html.
- ↑ "Akron Relieves J.D. Brookhart From Head Football Coaching Duties" (Press release). Akron Media Relations. 2009-11-28. http://www.gozips.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=10800&ATCLID=204841172. Retrieved 2009-11-28.[dead link]
- ↑ "All-Time Coaching Records by Year". cfbdatawarehouse.com. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/coaching/alltime_coach_year_by_year.php?coachid=3501.
- ↑ "Notre Dame assistant Rob Ianello will become Akron's coach". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=4730151.
- ↑ sports.yahoo.com/ncaa/football/recap?gid=201011260047
- ↑ "Archived copy". http://cfn.scout.com/2/1107314.html.
- ↑ "Akron Zips fires coach Rob Ianello after 2 seasons, 2 victories". ESPN.com. http://espn.go.com/college-football/story/_/id/7284534/akron-zips-fires-coach-rob-ianello-2-seasons-2-victories.
- ↑ "Terry Bowden takes over at Akron". Associated Press. ESPN.com. December 28, 2011. http://espn.go.com/college-football/story/_/id/7397629/terry-bowden-introduced-akron-zips-football-coach. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- ↑ http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/football/college/news/1998/10/23/bowden_out/
- ↑ "Terry Bowden". College Football at Sports-Reference.com. https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/terry-bowden-1.html.
- ↑ "No. 11 Michigan survives scare, denies Akron's last-second upset bid". ESPN.com. http://espn.go.com/ncf/recap?id=332570130.
- ↑ "Akron knocks Toledo down". Toledo Blade. http://www.toledoblade.com/UT/2013/11/30/Akron-knocks-Toledo-down.html.
- ↑ Bryan M Vance. "Akron vs. Miami (Ohio): The Zips Snap 28-Game FBS Losing Streak In 24–17 Victory Over RedHawks". Hustle Belt. http://www.hustlebelt.com/mac-football/2013/10/19/4856752/akron-vs-miami-ohio-the-zips-snap-28-game-fbs-losing-streak-in-24-17.
- ↑ "2013 Akron Zips Schedule and Results - College Football at Sports-Reference.com". https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/akron/2013-schedule.html.
- ↑ Dan Wolken, USA TODAY Sports (21 November 2013). "Akron gives Terry Bowden two-year contract extension". USA TODAY. https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/ncaaf/2013/11/21/terry-bowden-akron-two-year-contract-extension/3664589/.
- ↑ "2014 Akron Zips Schedule and Results - College Football at Sports-Reference.com". https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/akron/2014-schedule.html.
- ↑ "Howard vs. Akron - Game Recap - August 28, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400548090.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Penn State - Game Recap - September 6, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400547986.
- ↑ "An Ugly Sloppy Mess of a Game". http://www.hustlebelt.com/mac-football/2014/9/20/6662993/akron-zips-vs-marshall-thundering-herd-recap-an-ugly-sloppy-mess-of-a.
- ↑ "NCAA Football Scores". http://www.cbssports.com/collegefootball/gametracker/recap/NCAAF_20140927_AKRON@PITT.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Pittsburgh - Game Recap - September 27, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400547811.
- ↑ "Eastern Michigan vs. Akron - Game Summary - October 4, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/game?gameId=400548122.
- ↑ "Miami (OH) vs. Akron - Game Recap - October 11, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/ncf/recap/_/id/400548130.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Ohio - Game Recap - October 18, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400548133.
- ↑ "Bowling Green vs. Akron - Game Recap - November 4, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400548147.
- ↑ 66.0 66.1 "Akron vs. Buffalo - Game Recap - November 11, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400548151.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Kent State - Game Recap - November 28, 2014 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400548163.
- ↑ "2015 Akron Zips Schedule and Results - College Football at Sports-Reference.com". https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/akron/2015-schedule.html.
- ↑ "Akron Zips vs. Oklahoma Sooners Live Score and Stats - September 5, 2015 Gametracker". http://www.cbssports.com/collegefootball/gametracker/recap/NCAAF_20150905_AKRON@OKLA.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Oklahoma - Game Recap - September 5, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400763404.
- ↑ "Pittsburgh vs. Akron - Game Recap - September 12, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400756915.
- ↑ "Savannah State vs. Akron - Game Recap - September 19, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787310.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Louisiana - Game Recap - September 26, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787313.
- ↑ "Ohio vs. Akron - Game Recap - October 3, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787316.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Eastern Michigan - Game Recap - October 10, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787322.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Bowling Green - Game Recap - October 17, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787331.
- ↑ "Central Michigan vs. Akron - Game Recap - October 31, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787341.
- ↑ "Akron vs. UMass - Game Recap - November 7, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787348.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Miami (OH) - Game Summary - November 14, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/game?gameId=400787353.
- ↑ "Buffalo vs. Akron - Game Summary - November 21, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/game?gameId=400787360.
- ↑ "Kent State vs. Akron - Game Recap - November 27, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400787366.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Utah State - Game Recap - December 22, 2015 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400852708.
- ↑ "2016 Akron Zips Schedule and Results - College Football at Sports-Reference.com". https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/akron/2016-schedule.html.
- ↑ "VMI vs. Akron - Game Recap - September 3, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869266.
- ↑ "Big Ten Football: 5 things to know before Wisconsin vs. Akron". http://btn.com/2016/09/09/big-ten-football-5-things-to-know-before-wisconsin-vs-akron/.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Wisconsin - Game Recap - September 10, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869268.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Marshall - Game Recap - September 17, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869278.
- ↑ firstname.lastname@example.org, GRANT TRAYLOR The Herald-Dispatch. "Akron zips past Marshall, 65-38". http://www.herald-dispatch.com/sports/marshall_sports/akron-zips-past-marshall/article_0375063e-7d33-11e6-8725-93dc2c54ed93.html.
- ↑ "Appalachian State vs. Akron - Game Recap - September 24, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869285.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Kent State - Game Recap - October 1, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869293.
- ↑ "Miami (OH) vs. Akron - Game Recap - October 8, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869302.
- ↑ "Western Michigan vs. Akron - Game Recap - October 15, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869310.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Ball State - Game Recap - October 22, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869311.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Buffalo - Game Recap - October 27, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869317.
- ↑ "Toledo vs. Akron - Game Recap - November 2, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869322.
- ↑ "Bowling Green vs. Akron - Game Recap - November 9, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869327.
- ↑ "Akron vs. Ohio - Game Recap - November 22, 2016 - ESPN". http://www.espn.com/college-football/recap?gameId=400869335.
- ↑ Caron, Emily (December 14, 2018). "UT-Chattanooga's Tom Arth Named Akron Football Coach". si.com. https://www.si.com/college-football/2018/12/14/tom-arth-names-akron-zips-football-coach. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
- ↑ "2018 Akron FB Guide ALL 1 210 - Akron Athletics" (in en) (PDF). Akron Zips Athletics. https://gozips.com/documents/2018/7/20//2018_Akron_FB_Guide_ALL_1_210.pdf?id=13055. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
- ↑ "Akron Zips Index". www.sports-reference.com. USA TODAY Sports Digital Properties. https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/akron/. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- ↑ "J.D. Brookhart Coaching Record". www.sports-reference.com. USA Today Sports Digital Properties. https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/coaches/jd-brookhart-1.html. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- ↑ DeLassus, David. "Akron Championships". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140724024235/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/mac/akron/championships.php. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- ↑ 103.0 103.1 103.2 "2012 University of Akron Football Media Guide". www.gozips.com. University of Akron Athletic Department. http://gozips.com/sports/fball/2012-13/2012_FB_Media_Guide/2012_FB_Media_Guide. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- ↑ Tom Hardesty (November 1, 2012). "Wagon Wheel battle holds its own place among rivalries". www.recordpub.net. Record Publishing Co, LLC.. http://recordpub.net/news/sports_article/5225825?page=0. Retrieved June 5, 2013.[dead link]
- ↑ 105.0 105.1 "Football Hosts Akron in Battle for the Wagon Wheel". www.kentstatesports.com. Kent State University. 2004. http://www.kentstatesports.com/sports/fball/2004-05/releases/585269.html. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ↑ David DeLassus. "Youngstown St. vs Akron (OH)". www.cfbdatawarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131029191821/http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_iaa/missourivalley/youngstown_state/vs_conf_opponents_records.php?teamid=83&confid=109&restrictions=none. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ↑ 107.0 107.1 Biliczky, Carol (January 30, 2013). "Rubber Bowl’s history dotted with highs, lows". Akron Beacon Journal. http://www.ohio.com/news/break-news/rubber-bowl-s-history-dotted-with-highs-lows-1.369149. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- ↑ Associated Press (November 13, 2008). "Starks rips off three TDs as Buffalo drops Akron in four-hour, 4OT marathon". ESPN.com. http://espn.go.com/ncf/recap?id=283182006. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- ↑ Strategic Plan & Initiatives: "New Landscape for Learning" Script error Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "New Landscape for Learning" Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "Zips band performs coda at old stadium" Script error Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ The University of Akron InfoCision Stadium and Summa Field: "History" Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ World Lingo: "Rubber Bowl" Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ The Buchtelite: "March to save Manny's" Script error Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "Eminent Domain Watch" Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "UA Buys Quaker Square Complex" Script error Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "Quaker Square – Akron Ohio" – About.com Retrieved September 13, 2009
- ↑ "Akron Opens InfoCision Stadium With 41–0 Win Over MSU"[dead link] Retrieved September 12, 2009
- ↑ Opening ceremony gallery – Ohio.com Retrieved September 12, 2009
- ↑ 120.0 120.1 "UA Unveils New Athletics Branding Marks". www.uakron.edu. University of Akron. July 1, 2002. http://www.uakron.edu/about_ua/news_media/news_details.dot?newsId=9056&pageTitle=UA+News&crumbTitle=UA+Unveils+New+Athletics+Branding+Marks. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- ↑ 2013 Akron Football Information Guide. Akron, OH: University of Akron Athletics Department. 2013. http://www.gozips.com/sports/fball/2013-14/2013FBMediaGuide/2013_FB_Media_Guide. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- ↑ "Akron's Smith Receives Another Honor". www.mac-sports.com. Mid-American Conferences. November 27, 2000. http://www.mac-sports.com/News/tabid/969/Article/128412/akrons-smith-receives-another-honor.aspx. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- ↑ "John Heisman". www.footballfoundation.org. The National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame, inc. https://footballfoundation.org/hof_search.aspx?hof=1297. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- ↑ http://www.profootballhof.com/players/jason-taylor/
- ↑ "University of Akron Varsity "A" Sports Hall of Fame Members". www.gozips.com. University of Akron Athletics Department. Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121214005306/http://www.gozips.com/athletics/development/varsitya/halloffame. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- ↑ "Akron Zips Football Coaches". www.gozips.com. University of Akron. http://www.gozips.com/sports/fball/2013-14/coaches/bowden_terry/#/sports/fball/2013-14/coaches/index. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- ↑ "Akron Drafted Players/Alumni". www.pro-football-reference.com. USA Today Sports Digital Properties. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/colleges/akron/. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- ↑ "NFL Players by College – A". www.espn.com. ESPN. http://espn.go.com/nfl/college. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- ↑ "Active Players". www.cfl.ca. Canadian Football League. https://www.cfl.ca/players/. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- ↑ "AFL Players". www.arenafan.com. ArenaFan. http://www.arenafan.com/players/?type=college&college=Akron. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- ↑ "Daron Alcorn". www.arenafan.com. ArenaFan. http://www.arenafan.com/players/?page=players&player=16&pageview=bio. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- ↑ "Andre Jones". www.arenafan.com. ArenaFan. http://www.arenafan.com/players/?page=players&player=11812&pageview=bio. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- ↑ 133.0 133.1 "Jason Taylor NFL Football Statistics". www.Pro-Football-Reference.com. USA Today Sports Digital Properties. Archived from the original on August 4, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110804234724/http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/T/TaylJa03.htm. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- ↑ "Akron Drafted Players/Alumni". www.Pro-Football-Reference.com. USA Today Sports Digital Properties. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/colleges/akron/. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
- ↑ Richard Rosenblatt (April 27, 1993). "Mr. Irrelevant of 1993 title goes to Mr. Alcorn of Akron". Gainesville Sun. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1320&dat=19930427&id=F0JWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=X-oDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6796,8458900. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
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- Script error