|Location|| 24 Willie Mays Plaza|
San Francisco, California 94107
|Broke ground||December 11, 1997|
|Opened||March 31, 2000|
|Owner|| China Basin Ballpark Corp.|
(San Francisco Giants subsidiary)
|Operator||San Francisco Baseball Associates LP|
|Construction cost|| $357 million|
($455 million in 2019 dollars)
|Architect||Populous (then HOK Sport)|
|Project Manager||Alliance Building Partners|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Services engineer||M-E Engineers, Inc.|
|Former names|| Pacific Bell Park (2000–03)|
SBC Park (2004–05)
|Tenants|| San Francisco Giants (MLB) (2000–present)|
Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl (NCAA) (2002–present)
San Francisco Demons (XFL) (2001)
California Redwoods (UFL) (2009)
California Golden Bears football (NCAA) (2011)
|Capacity|| 41,915 (2007–present)|
1,500 standing room capacity
|Field dimensions|| Left field line – 339 feet (103 m)|
Left field – 364 feet (111 m)
Left-center field – 404 feet (123 m)
Center field – 399 feet (122 m)
Right-center field – 421 feet (128 m)
Right field – 365 feet (111 m)
Right field line – 309 feet (94 m)
AT&T Park is a ballpark used for Major League Baseball. It is located in the South of Market (SoMa) neighborhood of San Francisco, California, at 24 Willie Mays Plaza, at the corner of Third and King Streets. It has served as the home of the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball since 2000.
Originally named Pacific Bell Park, then renamed SBC Park in 2003 after SBC Communications acquired Pacific Bell, the stadium was ultimately christened AT&T Park in 2006 following SBC's merger with AT&T.
The park also hosts the annual Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl, a college football bowl game, and other occasional sporting and musical events. For the 2011 season, the park served as the home of the California Golden Bears football team.
Design and constructionEdit
Originally designed to be a 42,000 seat stadium, there were slight modifications before the final design was complete. When the ballpark was brought to the ballot box in the Fall of 1996 for voter approval, the stadium was 15 degrees clockwise from its current position. Also the center-field scoreboard was atop the right-field wall and the Giants Pavilion Building were two separate buildings. Groundbreaking on the ballpark began on December 11, 1997, in the industrial waterfront area of San Francisco known as China Basin in the up and coming neighborhoods of South Beach and Mission Bay. The stadium cost $357 million to build and supplanted the Giants' former home, Candlestick Park, a multi-use stadium in southeastern San Francisco. A team of engineers from UC Davis was consulted in the design process of the park resulting in wind levels that are approximately half those at Candlestick. Fans had shivered through 40 seasons at "The 'Stick" and looked forward to warmer temperatures at the new ballpark. But because AT&T Park, like its predecessor, is built right on San Francisco Bay, cold summer fog and winter jackets in July are still not unusual at Giants games, despite the higher average temperature.
When it opened on March 31, 2000, the ballpark was the first Major League ballpark built without public funds since the completion of Dodger Stadium in 1962. However, the Giants did receive a $10 million tax abatement from the city and $80 million for upgrades to the local infrastructure (including a connection to the Muni Metro). The Giants have a 66-year lease on the 12.5-acre (51,000 m2) ballpark site, paying $1.2 million in rent annually to the San Francisco Port Commission. The park opened with a seating capacity of 40,800, but this has increased over time as seats have been added.
The opening series took place from April 11–13, 2000 against the Los Angeles Dodgers (the team the Giants faced in their final series at Candlestick Park), and the Giants were swept in three games. In the first game of that series, the Giants lost 6–5, highlighted by three home runs from the Dodgers' Kevin Elster. On May 1, 2000, Barry Bonds became the first player to hit a "splash hit" home run into McCovey Cove.
In just its first few years of existence, the ballpark has seen its share of historic events primarily due to veteran Giants outfielder Barry Bonds. On April 17, 2001, Bonds hit his 500th career home run at then-Pacific Bell Park. Later that year, he set the single season home run record when he hit home runs number 71, 72, and 73 over the weekend of October 5 to close the season. On August 9, 2002, Bonds hit his 600th career home run at the park. On April 12, 2004, Bonds hit career home run 660 at SBC Park to tie Willie Mays for third on the all-time list and on the next night, he hit number 661 to move into sole possession of third place. On September 17, 2004, Bonds hit his 700th career home run at the park to become just the third member of baseball's 700 club. On May 28, 2006, Bonds hit his 715th home run at the park to pass Babe Ruth for second place on the all-time list. On August 7, 2007, Bonds hit his 756th home run, breaking Hank Aaron's record.
The park hosted games three through five of the 2002 World Series against the Anaheim Angels, which the Giants lost four games to three. It also hosted the 2007 MLB All-Star Game, which the American League won 5–4 over the National League.
On July 10, 2009, the Giants' Jonathan Sánchez pitched the first no-hitter at AT&T Park.
On October 27 & 28, 2010, the Giants hosted the first two games of the World Series, beating the Texas Rangers in both games. They ultimately went on to win the World Series and become 2010 World Series Champions, though the clinching game was in Texas rather than at AT&T Park.
On June 13, 2012, Matt Cain threw the 22nd perfect game in MLB history against the Houston Astros. The perfect game was the 1st in Giants history as well. This was the 2nd no-hitter at AT&T Park and the 2nd perfect game of the 2012 season.
AT&T Park hosted Games 1 and 2 of the 2012 World Series on October 24–25. The Giants beat the Detroit Tigers twice, 8-3 and 2-0 respectively. The Giants would go on to win the 2012 World Series in a four game sweep at Comerica Park.
On July 25, 2012 the ballpark was selected as the host of the semifinal and finals of the 2013 World Baseball Classic.
The Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Company, a local telephone company in the San Francisco Bay Area, purchased the naming rights for the park for $50 million over 24 years in the Winter of 1996. Pacific Bell had been recently purchased by SBC Communications when the naming rights deal was agreed upon. SBC eventually dropped the Pacific Bell name and reached an agreement with the Giants to change the stadium's name to "SBC Park" on January 1, 2004.
After SBC bought AT&T Corporation on November 18, 2005, the name of the merged company became AT&T Inc. As a result, the stadium was given its third name in six years: "AT&T Park". Fans still refer to the stadium as "Pac Bell Park", as it was the first name given to the stadium. Others have named the stadium "The Phone Booth" or "Telephone Park", for the constant name changes, as well as "Mays Field" in honor of Giants great Willie Mays or simply "The Bell". Many also refer to the stadium as "China Basin" or "McCovey Cove" after its location, which would be immune to changes in sponsorship naming.
Giants Enterprises, a wholly owned subsidiary of the San Francisco Giants created and headed by longtime team executive and marketing legend Pat Gallagher, brings non-baseball events to AT&T Park on days when the Giants do not play. Prominent among these has been the usage of the stadium for football. For example, the park was home to the XFL's San Francisco Demons in 2001, was the home of the East-West Shrine Game (until 2006), and was recently the former home stadium of the California Redwoods of the UFL in 2009. Since 2002, it has also been home to college football's Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl, previously the San Francisco Bowl and most recently the Emerald Bowl. In 2011, AT&T Park became the temporary home football stadium for the California Golden Bears while Cal's on-campus stadium, California Memorial Stadium, underwent renovation. AT&T Park also hosted its first high school football game in 2011, the Central Coast Section Division III football championship game between long-time San Francisco rivals St. Ignatius College Preparatory and Sacred Heart Cathedral Preparatory.
AT&T Park has also hosted a range of other sporting and musical events. On February 10, 2006, the U.S. men's soccer team defeated Japan 3–2 at AT&T in a friendly. A match of the 2011 World Football Challenge between Manchester City and Club America was held at AT&T, drawing a sparse crowd of 11,250. The Maverick's big-wave surfing contest is broadcast live on the giant video display at AT&T Park when the event is held. In 2006, the park hosted ICER AIR the first ever stadium big-air ski and snowboard competition to be held in the United States.
A virtual recreation of the park was created as a gig venue for Guitar Hero World Tour.
In summer 2010, the park hosted an audition stop for the 2011 (10th) season of American Idol.
The stadium contains 68 luxury suites, 5,200 club seats on the club level and an additional 1,500 club seats at the field level behind home plate.
On the facing of the upper deck along the left field line are the retired numbers of Bill Terry, Mel Ott, Carl Hubbell, Monte Irvin, Willie Mays, Juan Marichal, Orlando Cepeda, Jackie Robinson, Willie McCovey, and Gaylord Perry as well as the retired uniforms, denoted "NY", of Christy Mathewson and John McGraw who played or managed in the pre-number era. These two pre-number era retired uniforms are among only six such retired uniforms in all of the Major Leagues.
AT&T Park has a reputation of being a pitcher's park and the most pitcher friendly ballpark in the National League, according to ESPN.
Right field and McCovey CoveEdit
|This section may contain original research. (October 2012)|
The most prominent feature of the ballpark is the right field wall, which is 24 feet (7.3 m) high in honor of former Giant Willie Mays, who wore number 24. Because of the proximity to the San Francisco Bay, the right field foul pole is only 309 feet (94 m) from home plate. The wall is made of brick, with fenced off archways opening to the Cove beyond, above which are several rows of arcade seating. The fence angles quickly away from home plate; right-center field extends out to 421 feet (128 m) from home plate. Atop the fence are four pillars with fountains atop. These four pillars will burst jets of water when the Giants hit a home run, win a game, and at the end of the National Anthem.
In the past, rubber chickens put up by fans whenever a Giants player (especially Barry Bonds) was intentionally walked, would line the foul portion of the wall. The fans would do this to show that the opposing team is "chicken" for not pitching right to the Giants players. In recent seasons, as the team's strength has shifted from hitting to pitching, fans will line up "K" signs with each strikeout by a Giants pitcher. To some seniors, the right field area vaguely suggests the layout at the Polo Grounds. This deep corner of the ballpark has been dubbed "Death Valley" and "Triples' Alley." Like its Polo Grounds counterpart, it is very difficult to hit a home run to this area, and a batted ball that finds its way into this corner often results in a triple. Triples' Alley is also infamous for bad bounces, most notably when Ichiro Suzuki hit the first-ever inside the park home run in an All-Star Game by lining the ball off one of the archways and sideways past the outfielders. Nate Schierholtz performed the same feat in the 2009 season as a pinch hitter. Aubrey Huff did it again in the 2010 season.
Beyond right field is China Basin, a section of San Francisco Bay, which is dubbed McCovey Cove after famed Giants first baseman and left-handed slugger Willie McCovey, and into which a number of home runs have been hit on the fly. As of September 4, 2012, 62 "splash hits" have been knocked into the Cove by Giants players since the park opened; 35 of those were by Barry Bonds. These hits are tallied on an electronic counter on the right field wall. Opponents have hit the water on the fly 25 times; Todd Hundley of the Los Angeles Dodgers was the first visitor to do so on June 30, 2000. Luis Gonzalez of the Arizona Diamondbacks and Cliff Floyd of the Chicago Cubs are the only visiting players to do so twice, while Carlos Delgado of the New York Mets has performed the feat three times. Adam LaRoche has also hit three splash hits, twice with the Arizona Diamondbacks and once with the Pittsburgh Pirates. Rick Ankiel of the Atlanta Braves most recently hit one into the water – a come-from-behind solo home run in the 11th inning of game 2 of the 2010 NLDS. On June 27, 2010, David Ortiz of the Boston Red Sox became the first American League player to hit a splash hit. The only other AL player who has done it is Mitch Moreland of the Texas Rangers. Barry Bonds is the Giant who has hit the most home runs into "The Cove" as Giants fans call it.
Behind the scoreboard in center field there is a pier where ferries can tie up and let off fans right at the park. On game days, fans take to the water of McCovey Cove in boats and even in kayaks, often with fishing nets in the hope of collecting a home run ball. (This echoes what used to happen during McCovey's playing days. Before Candlestick Park's upper deck was extended, the area behind right field was occupied by three small bleacher sections and a lot of open space. Kids in those bleachers would gather behind the right field fence when "Stretch" would come to the plate). Just beyond the wall is a public waterfront promenade, where fans can watch three innings of a game through the wall's archways, free of charge, albeit with a somewhat obstructed view. Across the cove from the ballpark is McCovey Point and China Basin Park, featuring monuments to past Giants legends.
|List of Home Team Splash Hits|
Rusty, the Coke bottle, and the gloveEdit
When the park opened in 2000, taking residence on the right field wall was Rusty, the Mechanical Man based on a theme of Old Navy since the wall was sponsored by the company. Rusty was a two-dimensional robotic ballplayer that stood 14 feet (4.3 m) tall and weighed five and a half tons. The Valencia, California firm, Technifex, engineered, fabricated and programmed Rusty to appear after major plays, during games, as a fully animated giant 1920's era tin "toy". After technical problems arose with Rusty, it was removed from the Old Navy Splash Landing, though the enclosure that housed him remained for years. In 2006 the Old Navy sponsorship of the wall was terminated and renamed "Levi's Landing". In 2008, the enclosure was removed as that area near the right field foul pole was renovated for a new luxury party suite called the "McCovey Cove Loft".
Behind the left field bleachers is "The Coca-Cola Fan Lot". The ballpark features an 80-foot (24 m) long Coca-Cola bottle with playground slides that will blow bubbles and light up with every Giants home run, and a miniature version of the stadium. "The Coca-Cola Superslide" is popular with children as is with adults, and the terraced levels of the slides is a fun way to catch the game. If one were viewing the outfield promenade from home plate, directly to the bottle's right is another oversized representation of a ballpark stalwart, the "Giant 1927 Old-Time Four-Fingered Baseball Glove" — this particular one is made of steel and fiberglass. Behind and further to the left is "The Little Giants Park" – a miniature baseball diamond — sort of a minor league tryout for Pee-Wee Ball.
To the right of the glove sculpture is the elevator and large plaza area for functions and parties to be held during games. It's also the site of "Orlando's", the concessions stand of Giants great Orlando Cepeda. The signature fare at the stand is the "Caribbean Cha Cha Bowl". Right-center field features a real San Francisco cable car (retired cable car #4, formerly #504), with a label that states "No Dodgers Fans Allowed". The fog horn — a feature introduced at Candlestick Park by the current Giants ownership group – was transferred to AT&T and hung underneath the scoreboard. It blows when a Giants player hits a home run or at the conclusion of a Giants win. Continuing right takes one to the promenade above the Cove, so that one can make a completely uninterrupted circuit of the park at that concourse level. Both levels of the concourse, inside the stadium, feature not only concession stands of all sorts, but other attractions as well.
"Lou Seal" storeEdit
In addition to the automated scoreboards, which now include a new high-definition video board by Mitsubishi, the park has enormous, manually operated boards on the right field wall, which display the scores of Major League games played elsewhere. These manual scoreboards are operated by three employees, whose work on game days starts at least two hours before the first pitch.
Starting in 2004, the Giants installed one hundred twenty-two 802.11b wireless internet access points, covering all concourses and seating areas, creating one of the largest public hotspots in the world at the time.
San Francisco Giants Wall of FameEdit
- For the inductees' names, see: San Francisco Giants#San Francisco Giants Wall of Famers
On September 23, 2008, the Giants Wall of Fame was unveiled on the King Street side of the ballpark, as part of the 50th-anniversary celebration of the Giants' move to San Francisco. Forty-three retired players were inducted, based on longevity and achievement. Eligibility requirements for players to be on the Wall are either 5 years as a San Francisco Giant with an All-Star Game appearance or 9 years as a Giant. Rich Aurilia and Shawn Estes were added in 2010. In 2011, the Giants announced that pitcher Jason Schmidt and outfielder Marvin Benard would be added in an August 27, 2011 ceremony.
|Giants Home Attendance at AT&T Park|
Outside the ballpark are five statues, four of which are dedicated to San Francisco Giants all-time greats.
The Willie Mays Statue is located in front of the ballpark entrance at 24 Willie Mays Plaza and is surrounded with 24 palm trees, in honor of his number 24 uniform, retired by the Giants. It was dedicated at noon on March 31, 2000, prior to the opening of the ballpark and was commissioned by Giants Managing Partner Peter Magowan and his wife Debby.
Another statue is located at McCovey Point across McCovey Cove, and is dedicated to Willie McCovey. Around the Willie McCovey Statue are a number of plaques that celebrate the winners of the Willie Mac Award. The statue is located at China Basin Park next to The Barry Bonds Junior Giants Field, a T-ball park. Also located on the sea wall promenade are plaques showing the Opening Day roster of every Giants team from 1958 through 1999. Giants fans who contributed funds to China Basin Park, had their own tiles with their own inscriptions set into the wall.
A third statue, dedicated in 2005, honors former Giants pitcher Juan Marichal, and is located outside the ballpark at the Lefty O'Doul Gate entrance. The fourth statue is located at the park's ferry plaza behind center field, also known as Seals Plaza; a statue of a seal bobbing a baseball on its nose honors the memory of the San Francisco Seals, the minor league baseball club that played before the arrival of the Giants in 1958.
On September 6, 2008, during a series against the Pittsburgh Pirates, a fifth statue depicting former Giants great Orlando Cepeda was dedicated at the corner of 2nd and King Streets next to the ballpark. All four statues of the Giants Hall of Fame players were created by sculptor William Behrends of North Carolina.
- ↑ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2008. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- ↑ AT&T Park architect: Populous
- ↑ Alliance Building Partners – team
- ↑ Thornton Tomasetti – AT&T Park
- ↑ King, John (April 11, 2000). "Neighbor-Friendly Lighting At Stadium Earns a Halo". The San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2000/04/11/MN17006.DTL. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- ↑ AT&T Park – Ballparks.com
- ↑ "The San Francisco Giants' AT&T Park". SFGiants.com. http://mlb.com/sf/ballpark/sbcpark.jsp. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
- ↑ sfgate.com "The Giants' Grand Designs / Statue of Willie Mays to grace new ballpark" The San Francisco Chronicle. February 25, 1997
- ↑ "Engineering: Taking the Wind Out of Baseball". UC Davis Magazine. http://ucdavismagazine.ucdavis.edu/issues/win00/News_Baseball.html. Retrieved September 18, 2007.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "Privately built Pacific Bell Park a curse to other teams". Associated Press. October 22, 2002. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070930035104/http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2002/oct/22/privately_built_pacific/. Retrieved September 18, 2007.
- ↑ Gordon, Jon (May 14, 2004). "In San Francisco, the Giants went private for their stadium". Minnesota Public Radio. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2004/05/14_gordonj_sanfranpark/. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 George Raine date=February 4, 2006. "It's official: SBC Park becomes AT&T March 1 / S.F. Giants will be playing ball on field's second name change since opening in 2000". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/default/article/It-s-official-SBC-Park-becomes-AT-T-March-1-2542007.php. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- ↑ "Cal Football to Play 2011 Home Season at San Francisco's AT&T Park" (Press release). University of California, Berkeley Athletics. May 10, 2010. http://www.calbears.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/051010aae.html. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- ↑ Stephens, Mitch (November 30, 2011). "CCS Division III title game set for AT&T Park". The San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco). http://articles.sfgate.com/2011-11-30/sports/30461582_1_ignatius-game-title-game-schools-work. Retrieved December 4, 2011. "This will be the first high school football game played at AT&T (the two schools have played baseball games there as part of the Bruce-Mahoney series)."
- ↑ "Splash Hits". SFGiants.com. http://mlb.com/sf/ballpark/splashhits.jsp. Retrieved September 18, 2007.
- ↑ AT&T Park's new McCovey Cove Loft "Suite Of Dreams Debuts At AT&T Park" March 7, 2008
- ↑ AT&T Ballpark Attractions
- ↑ Ballpark Wi-Fi
- ↑ Giants Honor Greats with Wall of Fame
- ↑ "Wall of Fame". San Francisco Giants official website. MLB Advanced Media, L.P. http://sanfrancisco.giants.mlb.com/sf/ballpark/attractions/index.jsp?content=wall_fame. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- ↑ Giants to Unveil 'Wall of Fame'
- ↑ Aurilia, Estes to Join Giants Wall of Fame
- ↑ Schmidt, Benard Set for Wall of Fame
- ↑ "San Francisco Giants Attendance". baseball-reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/SFG/attend.shtml. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- ↑ sfgate.com 'ALL CHOKED UP / Giants legend Willie Mays is moved by statue of him for new ballpark' August 7, 1998
- ↑ San Francisco Giants McCovey Point And China Basin Park
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