Arkansas and Georgia met in the 1969 Sugar Bowl, with Arkansas taking a 16-2 decision, and the 1976 Cotton Bowl Classic, which Arkansas won 31-10. Georgia's head coach Ray Goff played quarterback in the 1976 Cotton Bowl loss to Arkansas. The game is played in Shreveport, Louisiana, and this was during the 1991 Louisiana gubernatorial election. One of the cantidates was David Duke, a former member of the Ku Klux Klan. Many of Georgia's black players said that they would not go to Shreveport if Duke was elected, but he was defeated by Edwin Edwards.
With the Southwest Conference dying, Arkansas athletic director Frank Broyles had engineered a deal for Arkansas to move to the flourishing Southeastern Conference. 1991 was Arkansas' final season before the move, and the Razorbacks finished the regular season at 6-5.
Georgia defeated #6 Clemson, but lost to an unranked Vanderbilt team to enter the game at 8-3.
Georgia began the scoring early, throwing two touchdown passes from Eric Zeier to take an early 14-0 lead. After Georgia added a second quarter field goal, Arkansas finally got on the board when E.D. Jackson rushed in from seven yards out. After halftime, Georgia's Andre Hastings broke a 53-yard touchdown run. Jackson would again score for the Hogs, and add a two-point conversion. However, the Hogs couldn't score again and fell short, 24-15.