Missouri had finished 4th in the Big Eight Conference, in their second straight bowl appearance, and first consecutive span of bowl appearance since 1972-73. South Carolina was in a bowl game for the 2nd bowl appearance in four years. The Gamecocks won 8 games in the regular season for the first time since 1903. 
The Gamecocks won 8 games the following season, but lost again in a bowl, this time to Pittsburgh in the Gator Bowl. It would take 15 years (during which they joined the Southeastern Conference in 1992) to win their first bowl game. As for the Tigers, they would go to three more bowl games in the span of four years, though the 1983 Holiday Bowl remained their last bowl until 1997. The two teams met up again in the 2005 Independence Bowl, seven years before Missouri joined the Southeastern Conference. Coincidentally, Missouri was placed in the same division as South Carolina.