The 1948 College Football All-America team is composed of college football players who were selected as All-Americans by various organizations and writers that chose College Football All-America Teams in 1948. The organizations that chose the teams included: the United Press, the Associated Press, Collier's Weekly, the International News Service (the wire service operated by the Hearst newspapers), and the Football Writers Association of America. The individuals selected to the most All-American teams were SMU quarterback (and Heisman Trophy winner) Doak Walker, Penn center Chuck Bednarik, North Carolina running back Charlie "Choo Choo" Justice, Cal running back (and future American League baseball MVP) Jackie Jensen, and Michigan end Dick Rifenberg.
Competition among the All-American selectorsEdit
Collier's Weekly, which began picking All-American football teams in 1888, had employed Grantland Rice to select its All-American team for 22 years. After Rice wrote a feature story about college football for Look, Collier's replaced Rice in 1948, hiring eight college coaches (paying them $500 each) and billing them as the "Supreme Court of Football." The eight coaches were Frank Leahy (Notre Dame), Matty Bell (Southern Methodist), Tuss McLaughry (Dartmouth), Bernie Bierman (Minnesota), Wally Butts (Georgia), Jeff Cravath (Southern California), Harvey Harman (Rutgers), and Lou Little (Columbia). One of the innovations touted by Collier's for 1948 was the use of news reels provided by Warner Pathe and university athletic departments to study each player. Collier's circulated an initial round of ballots to members of the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA), with their votes narrowing the selections to a group of 55 finalists. The panel of eight then studied the "motion pictures of the players in action" and selected the Collier's All-American team.
Collier's new affiliation with the AFCA ended the Saturday Evening Post's association with the group as its All-American selectors. The competition for All-American selectors led Time to write an article in September 1948 about the "scrimmage" between the magazines: "No college football star hoping to make All-America takes it more seriously than the magazines which pick them. To the magazines All-Americas are a deadly business, an important piece of promotion involving the prestige of the magazines as well as their hired experts."
The Associated Press based its selections on a poll of several hundred staff writers, newspaper sports editors and broadcasters. The AP reported that its voters overwhelming agreed on five of the first-team selections -- Dick Rifenberg of Michigan at end, Buddy Burris of Oklahoma at guard, Charlie Justice of North Carolia at back, Doak Walker at quarterback, and William Fischer of Notre Dame at tackle.
The first selection of separate offensive and defensive All-American squadsEdit
The biggest controversy in the 1948 All-American selection process concerned the widespread use of offensive and defensive specialists, resulting from the adoption of an unlimited substitution rule. The Associated Press considered selecting separate offensive and defensive teams, but opted to continue the tradition of picking a single squad of 11 All-Americans. The AP reported on its decision as follows:
"Sharpest argument this year over bestowing All-America honors centered on the merit of recognizing men who played only offense or defense under the spreading 'two platoon' system. Separate defensive and offensive All-America first teams were proposed. Should the present cleavage widen this could become a possibility."In the end, the AP named only three platoon players to its All-American teams -- offensive specialists, Rifenberg, Justice and Bobby Stuart.
The Central Press Association noted that its 1948 All-American eleven "is not necessarily a true All-American team because of the present-day system of using two teams, an offensive and a defensive unit."
It was the International News Service (the wire service operated by the Hearst newspapers) that in 1948 became the first to break with tradition by naming separate All-American teams on offense and defense. The INS described its decision in its article announcing the selections:
"The days of selecting 11 men on an All-American first team are over, until such time as the unlimited substitution rules are altered. INS thus picks its All-America as the game is now played with the 22 man squad divided into an offensive team and a defensive team."INS sports editor, Lawton Carver, wrote that the "era of the iron man in football is rapidly passing," as an increasing number of players were being "tutored and geared to specialize for offense or defense and must be recognized for the part they play."
Doak Walker of Southern Methodist University received more votes than any other athlete in the 1948 All-American voting. He was also the recipient of the 1948 Heisman Trophy, and was later inducted into both the College and Pro Football Halls of Fame.
The chart below reflects the published vote total from the UP poll, and also reflects the number of polls in which the leading candidates were selected as a first-team All-American, and their point total for the top five players in the 1948 Heisman Trophy voting.
|Name||Class||Position||School||UPI votes||First-team selections||Heisman points|
|Charlie "Choo Choo" Justice||Jr.||Running back||N. Car.||2740||7||443|
|Jackie Jensen||Jr.||Running back||Calif.||2118||7||143|
|Paul "Buddy" Burris||Sr.||Guard||Okla.||1512||6|
|Clyde Scott||Running back||Ark.||na||2|
|Stan Heath||Jr.||Running back||Nev.||1224||1||113|
All-American selections for 1948Edit
- AP = Associated Press
- UP = United Press
- COL = Collier's
- NEA = NEA Sports Syndicate, based on a consensus of coaches, scouts, officials, opposing players, and "others qualified to judge players and accurately weigh their value."
- INS = INS (Hearst) newspaper syndicate
- CP = Central Press Association, selected with the assistance of the nation's football captains.
- WC = Walter Camp Football Foundation
- FW=Football Writers Association of America.
Bold = Consensus All-American
- 1 - First Team Selection
- 2 - Second Team Selection
- 3 - Third Team Selection
- Dick Rifenberg, Michigan (AP-1; UP-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [offense]; WC-1; FW-1)
- Leon Hart, Notre Dame (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-3; UP-1; NEA-2; CP-1; INS-1 [defense]; WC-1; FW-1 [tackle])
- Barney Poole, Mississippi (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-2;NEA-2; CP-2; INS-1 [defense])
- Sam Tamburo, Penn State (AP-3; CO-1; CP-2; INS-1 [offense])
- George Broadnax, Georgia Tech (CO-1)
- Dan Foldberg, Army (UP-2)
- Dale Armstrong, Dartmouth (AP-2; NEA-1; CP-3; FW-2)
- Mel Sheehan, Missouri (AP-2)
- Art Weiner, North Carolina (College Football Hall of Fame) (NEA-3; CP-3; FW-1)
- Jim Powell, Tennessee (NEA-3)
- Warren Huey, Michigan State (FW-2)
- Dan Garza, Oregon (FW-3)
- Leo Nomellini, Minnesota (College and Pro Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [offensive guard]; WC-1; FW-1)
- Al Wistert, Michigan (College Football Hall of Fame) (UP-1; CO-1; NEA-2; CP-1; WC-1; FW-2)
- Al DeRogatis, Duke (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-2; UP-2; NEA-3; CP-3)
- Phillip O'Reilly, Purdue (UP-2)
- Bill Kay, Iowa (AP-2)
- Norman Meseroll, Tennessee (AP-3)
- Ernie Stautner, Boston College (Pro Football Hall of Fame) (AP-3; NEA-3; CP-3)
- Nick Balkovak, Pittsburgh (NEA-2)
- Laurie Niemi, Washington State (CP-2; INS-1 [offense])
- Paul Lea, Tulane (CP-2; INS-1 [offense])
- Leonard Szafaryn, North Carolina (FW-2)
- Chester Fritz, Missouri (FW-3)
- William Koch, Princeton (FW-3)
- Paul "Buddy" Burris, Oklahoma (AP-1; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-2; INS-1 [defense]; WC-1; FW-2)
- William Fischer, Notre Dame (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1 [tackle]; UP-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [defensive guard]; WC-1)
- Marty Wendell, Notre Dame (CO-1; CP-3; FW-2)
- Rod Franz, California (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-2; NEA-2; CP-2)
- William Healy, Georgia Tech (AP-2; UP-2; CP-1; INS-1 [defense]; FW-1)
- Don Mason, Michigan State (AP-2)
- Joseph F. Quinn, Cornell (AP-3)
- Vern Sterling, Santa Clara (AP-3; FW-3)
- Joe Henry, Army (NEA-2; INS-1 [offense]; FW-1)
- Paul Kelly, Penn State (NEA-3)
- Dominic Tomasi, Michigan (NEA-3; CP-3; FW-3)
- Chuck Bednarik, Pennsylvania (College and Pro Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [offense]; WC-1; FW-1)
- Alex Sarkisian, Northwestern (College Football Hall of Fame) (UP-2; NEA-2; CP-2; INS-1 [defense])
- Dick Harris, Texas (AP-2; CP-3)
- Tommy Thompson, William and Mary (AP-3; NEA-3)
- William Yeoman, Army (FW-2)
- Clayton Tonnemaker, Minnesota (FW-3)
- Doak Walker, Southern Methodist (College and Pro Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [defense]; WC-1; FW-1)
- Norm Van Brocklin, Oregon (College and Pro Football Hall of Fame) (AP-3; UP-2; NEA-2; CP-3; INS-1 [offense]; FW-2)
- Chuck Ortmann, Michigan (AP-2)
- John Rauch, Georgia (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-2; UP-2; NEA-3; CP-2; WC-1; FW-1)
- Jack Mitchell, Oklahoma (NEA-2; CP-1)
- Pete Elliott, Michigan (INS-1 [defense])
- George Taliaferro, Indiana (INS-1 [defense])
- Charlie "Choo Choo" Justice, North Carolina (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-1; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [offense]; WC-1; FW-2)
- Jackie Jensen, California (College Football Hall of Fame; 1958 American League MVP) (AP-3; UP-1; CO-1; NEA-1; CP-1; INS-1 [offense]; WC-1; FW-1)
- Clyde Scott, Arkansas (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-2; CO-1;NEA-3; INS-1 [offense])
- Stan Heath, Nevada-Reno (UP-1; CP-2)
- Bobby Stuart, Army (AP-1; CP-3; FW-3)
- Art Murakowski, Northwestern (AP-1; FW-2)
- Emil Sitko, Notre Dame (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-2; UP-2; NEA-2; CP-2; FW-1)
- Jack Cloud, William & Mary (College Football Hall of Fame) (UP-2; NEA-1; FW-3)
- Bobby Gage, Clemson (AP-3; INS-1 [defense])
- Eddie Price, Tulane (College Football Hall of Fame) (AP-3; NEA-3; CP-3)
- Fran Rogel, Penn State (NEA-2; FW-2)
- Joe Whisler, Ohio State (NEA-3; CP-3)
- Harry Szulborski, Purdue (CP-2)
- Arnold Galiffa, Army (FW-3)
- Elwood Petchel, Penn State (FW-3)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "All-American Scrimmage". Time. 1948-09-06. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,779972,00.html.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Collier's Announce All-American Team". The Ogden (Utah) Standard-Examiner. 1948-12-01.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Ted Smits (1948-12-01). "Bear Guard on A.P.A.A. Eleven". Long Beach Press-Telegram.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Walter L. Johns (1948-12-05). "Five Midwest Players on Central Press All-American". Wisconsin State Journal.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 "INS Announces All-America: Jensen, Turner, Van Brocklin, Niemi Named From Coast". 1948-12-.
- ↑ Lawton Carver (1948). "INS Names 22-Man All-America".
- ↑ Leo H. Petersen (1948-12-01). "United Press Picks Annual All-American". The Ogden (Utah) Standard-Examiner.
- ↑ Harry Grayson (1948-11-). "Jensen Lone Coast Grid Star On NEA All-American Team".
- ↑ Lawton Carver (1948-12-). "INS Names 22-Man All-America".
- ↑ "Walter Camp Football Foundation All-American Selections". Walter Camp Football Foundation. http://waltercamp.org/index.php/teams_and_awards/.
- ↑ http://www.sportswriters.net/fwaa/awards/allamerica/alltime.pdf
- ↑ Since 1990, the Doak Walker Award has recognized the nation's top college football running back.
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