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1948 Alabama Crimson Tide football
ConferenceSoutheastern Conference
1948 record6–4–1 (4–4–1 SEC)
Head coachHarold Drew (2nd season)
CaptainT. Ray Richeson
Home stadiumDenny Stadium
Legion Field
Ladd Stadium
Seasons
← 1947
1949 →
1948 SEC football standings
v · d · e Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#8 Georgia 6 0 0     9 2 0
#15 Ole Miss 6 1 0     8 1 0
#13 Tulane 5 1 0     9 1 0
#12 Vanderbilt 4 2 1     8 2 1
Georgia Tech 4 3 0     7 3 0
Alabama 4 4 1     6 4 1
Mississippi State 3 3 0     4 4 1
Tennessee 2 3 1     4 4 2
Kentucky 1 3 1     5 3 2
Florida 1 5 0     5 5 0
LSU 1 5 0     3 7 0
Auburn 0 7 0     1 8 1
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll

The 1948 Alabama Crimson Tide football team (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1948 college football season. It was the Crimson Tide's 54th overall and 15th season as a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The team was led by head coach Harold Drew, in his second year, and played their home games at Denny Stadium in Tuscaloosa, Legion Field in Birmingham and Ladd Stadium in Mobile, Alabama. They finished with a record of six wins, four losses and one tie (6–4–1 overall, 4–4–1 in the SEC).

Alabama opened the season with a loss to Tulane, the first for Alabama to open a season since 1903. The next week the Crimson Tide had to score a touchdown with ten seconds left to salvage a tie with Vanderbilt in the first game ever played at Ladd Stadium. Alabama then defeated Duquesne at home, lost at Tennessee and won at Mississippi State before their 35–0 loss to eventual SEC Champion Georgia. The Crimson Tide then rebounded with victories over Mississippi Southern and Georgia Tech before they lost at LSU. Alabama then closed their season with a homecoming victory over Florida and a 55–0 win over Auburn in the renewal of their rivalry.

ScheduleEdit

DateOpponentSiteResultAttendance
September 25at TulaneL 14–2165,000
October 2VanderbiltT 14–1436,000
October 8Duquesne*W 48–620,000
October 16at TennesseeL 6–2145,000
October 23at Mississippi StateW 10–724,000
October 30No. 18 GeorgiaL 0–3545,000
November 6Mississippi Southern*W 27–020,000
November 13at No. 11 Georgia TechW 14–1240,000
November 20at LSUL 6–2625,000
November 27FloridadaggerW 34–2824,000
December 4vs. AuburnW 55–046,000
  • *Non-conference game
  • daggerHomecoming
  • Rankings from AP Poll released prior to the game
  • Source: Rolltide.com: 1948 Alabama football schedule[1]

Game summariesEdit

TulaneEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Alabama 0 0 7 7 14
Tulane 0 7 14 0 21
  • Date: September 25
  • Location: Tulane Stadium
    New Orleans, LA
  • Game attendance: 65,000

To open the 1948 season, Alabama traveled to New Orleans and were upset by the Tulane Green Wave 21–14.[2] After a scoreless first quarter, Tulane took a 7–0 halftime lead when Bobby Jones capped a 78-yard drive with his seven-yard touchdown run.[3] The Green Wave extended their lead further to 21–0 in the third quarter after touchdowns were scored by Eddie Price on a four-yard run and on a 20-yard Joe Ernst pass to Dick Sheffield.[3] Down by three touchdowns, the Crimson Tide began a comeback only to fall just short. Alabama points were scored on a four-yard Tom Calvin run in the third and on a nine-yard Charley Davis run in the fourth.[2] The loss was the first for the Crimson Tide to open the season since the 1903 team kicked off with a 30–0 loss to Vanderbilt, and brought Alabama's all-time record against Tulane to 15–6–1.[4]

VanderbiltEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Vanderbilt 0 7 0 7 14
Alabama 0 0 0 14 14
  • Date: October 2
  • Location: Ladd Stadium
    Mobile, AL
  • Game attendance: 36,000

Alabama played the Vanderbilt Commodores to a 14–14 tie game in what was the inaugural game played at Ladd Stadium in Mobile.[5][6] After a scoreless first quarter for the second consecutive week, Vanderbilt took a 7–0 halftime lead after Herb Rich scored on a four-yard run.[5] Alabama later tied the game at 7–7 in the fourth quarter after Ed Salem scored on a ten-yard run.[5] The Commodores responded on the next possession with a three-yard Dean Davidson touchdown run for a 14–7 lead.[5] Then Crimson Tide then tied the game at 14–14 as time expired in the fourth when Salem hit Jack Brown in the endzone.[7] The tie brought Alabama's all-time record against Vanderbilt to 16–11–1.[8]

DuquesneEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Duquesne 0 0 6 0 6
Alabama 7 20 7 14 48
  • Date: October 8
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 20,000

In their first Tuscaloosa game of the season, Alabama defeated the Duquesne Dukes 48–6 before 20,000 fans at Denny Stadium.[9][10] Billy Cadenhead opened the scoring in the first quarter to cap a 94-yard drive with his four-yard touchdown run for a 7–0 Alabama lead.[9] A trio of second quarter touchdowns extended the Crimson Tide lead to 27–0 at halftime. Points were scored on 42-yard Charles Davis reverse, a 72-yard Pete Pettus punt return and on a 17-yard Jim Burkett run.[9]

The Crimson Tide continued their scoring with a 67-yard Cadenhead touchdown in the third run before the Dukes scored their only points of the game.[9] Len Kubiak scored for Duquesne with his one-yard touchdown run to cap a ten-play, 62-yard drive.[10] Alabama then closed the game with a pair of fourth-quarter touchdowns for the 48–6 victory. Points were scored on a 43-yard Travis Hoicks pass to Don Spurrell and later on a six-yard Paul Taylor run.[9] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Duquesne to 2–0.[11]

TennesseeEdit

Third Saturday in October
by Quarter1234 Total
Alabama 0 0 6 0 6
Tennessee 7 0 0 14 21
  • Date: October 16
  • Location: Shields-Watkins Field
    Knoxville, TN
  • Game attendance: 45,000

Against Tennessee, the Crimson Tide were defeated by the Volunteers 21–6 before a soldout crowd at Shields-Watkins Field.[12] Tennessee opened the game with a 21-yard, W. C. Cooper touchdown pass to Bob Lund for a 7–0 Volunteer lead.[12] In the third, Alabama scored their only points on a one-yard Charley Davis touchdown run, but a missed extra point allowed Tennessee to retain the lead 7–6.[12] The Volunteers then scored a pair of fourth-quarter touchdowns to win 21–6.[12] The loss brought Alabama's all-time record against Tennessee to 17–10–3.[13]

Mississippi StateEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Alabama 7 3 0 0 10
Mississippi State 0 0 0 7 7
  • Date: October 23
  • Location: Scott Field
    Starkville, MS
  • Game attendance: 24,000

A week after their loss at Tennessee, Alabama responded the next week with a 10–7 victory against the Mississippi State Maroons on homecoming at Scott Field.[14] The Crimson Tide scored all ten of their points in the first half. Billy Cadenhead scored in the first on a two-yard touchdown run and Ed Salem converted a 14-yard field goal in the second for a 10–0 halftime lead.[14] The Maroons responded late with their only points scored on a 42-yard Tom McWilliams touchdown pass to Kenneth Davis to make the final score 10–7.[14] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Mississippi State to 24–7–2.[15]

GeorgiaEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
• #18 Georgia 14 0 14 7 35
Alabama 0 0 0 0 0
  • Date: October 30
  • Location: Legion Field
    Birmingham, AL
  • Game attendance: 45,000

Before what was the largest crowd to date to attend a game in the state of Alabama, the Crimson Tide suffered their worst defeat since the 1910 season with their 35–0 loss against the Georgia Bulldogs.[16][17] The Bulldogs' first half touchdowns were scored in the first quarter on a 19-yard John Rauch pass to Bobby Walston and a 38-yard pass from Rauch to Joseph Geri.[16] The Bulldogs' second half touchdowns were scored in the third quarter on a three-yard Bernie Reid run and on an 80-yard interception return by Joseph Jackura and in the fourth quarter on an 11-yard Billy Mixon run.[16] The loss was the worst for the Crimson Tide since they were defeated 36–0 by Georgia Tech and it brought Alabama's all-time record against Georgia to 16–15–3.[16][17][18]

Mississippi SouthernEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Mississippi Southern 0 0 0 0 0
Alabama 7 7 7 6 27
  • Date: November 6
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 20,000

A week after their worst defeat in 38 years, Alabama rebounded and defeated the Mississippi Southern Golden Eagles at Denny Stadium 27–0.[19] The Crimson Tide scored touchdowns in four quarters in the victory. First half points were scored on a one-yard Butch Avinger run in the first quarter and on a 32-yard Ed Salem pass to Clem Welsh in the second quarter for a 14–0 halftime lead.[19] Second half points were scored on a 20-yard Jim Franko interception return in the third quarter and on a 5-yard Salem pass to Welsh in the fourth quarter for the 27–0 win.[19] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Mississippi Southern to 2–0.[20]

Georgia TechEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Alabama 0 7 7 0 14
#11 Georgia Tech 0 0 6 6 12
  • Date: November 13
  • Location: Grant Field
    Atlanta, GA
  • Game attendance: 40,000

Against the Yellow Jackets, the Crimson Tide entered the game as a two touchdown underdog, but left Atlanta with a 14–12 upset over Georgia Tech.[21][22] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Georgia Tech to 15–12–3.[23]

LSUEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Alabama 0 0 0 0 0
LSU 0 0 0 0 0
  • Date: November 20
  • Location: Tiger Stadium
    Baton Rouge, LA
  • Game attendance: 25,000

A week after their upset win over Georgia Tech, Alabama was defeated by LSU 26–6 at Tiger Stadium.[24] The loss brought Alabama's all-time record against LSU to 13–5–3.[25]

FloridaEdit

by Quarter1234 Total
Florida 7 7 7 7 28
Alabama 0 13 7 14 34
  • Date: November 27
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 24,000

On homecoming at Denny Stadium, Alabama defeated the Florida Gators 34–28.[26] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Florida to 6–3.[28]

AuburnEdit

Iron Bowl
by Quarter1234 Total
Auburn 0 0 0 0 0
Alabama 7 14 14 20 55
  • Date: December 4
  • Location: Legion Field
    Birmingham, AL
  • Game attendance: 46,000

This meeting against Auburn marked the resumption of their rivalry with the Tigers after a 41-year hiatus. The two schools had met regularly from 1892 through 1895 and then regularly from 1900 through 1907. However, trivial disputes led to the series being discontinued in 1908.[31][32] Their disputes centered on disagreements on how much per diem to allow players for the trip to Birmingham, how many players each school should bring and where to find officials.[31][32] By the time all these matters were resolved, it was too late to play in 1908, and the series ended.[31][32] By 1947 pressure to renew the Iron Bowl had grown to the point that the state legislature threatened to withhold funding from the two schools unless they scheduled a game, and in 1948 Alabama and Auburn finally agreed to meet on a football field.[31][32]

Prior to the game, Alabama had not played Auburn since their 6–6 tie in 1907. In the renewal of the dormant series, Alabama defeated Auburn 55–0 at Legion Field, in what remains the most lopsided win by either team in the history of the series.[29][30] The Crimson Tide took a 7–0 lead in the first quarter after Gordon Pettus threw an eight-yard touchdown pass to Butch Avinger.[29][30] Alabama then extended their lead to 21–0 at halftime with a pair of second-quarter touchdowns. Points were scored on a 20-yard Ed Salem pass to Clem Welsh and then on a six-yard Welsh reverse.[29][30] The Crimson Tide then scored six second half touchdowns and continued to hold the Tigers scoreless in the 55–0 rout.

Third-quarter touchdowns were scored by Salem on a 17-yard run and on a 53-yard Salem pass to Rebel Steiner.[29][30] Alabama then closed the game out with three touchdowns in the fourth quarter. Points were scored on a 20-yard Salem pass to Howard Pierson, a punt blocked by Larry Lauer and recovered in the endzone by Tom Salem and on a 20-yard Don Spurrell interception return.[29][30] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Auburn to 5–7–1.[33]

PersonnelEdit

Varsity letter winnersEdit

Player Hometown Position
Bill Abston Peterson, Alabama Halfback
Butch Avinger Montgomery, Alabama Quarterback
Jack Brown Selma, Alabama Quarterback
Billy Cadenhead Greenville, Mississippi Halfback
Jim Cain Eudora, Arkansas End
Tom Calvin Athens, Alabama Halfback
Bob Cochran Hueytown, Alabama Halfback
Charley Davis Uniontown, Pennsylvania Halfback
Steve Fortunato Mingo Junction, Ohio Guard
Jim Franko Yorkville, Ohio Guard
Clem Gryska Steubenville, Ohio Halfback
Herb Hannah Athens, Alabama Guard
Ed Holdnak Kenvil, New Jersey Guard
Bob Hood Gadsden, Alabama Tackle
Al Lary Northport, Alabama End
Larry Lauer Wilmette, Illinois Center
Doug Lockridge Jasper, Alabama Center
Floyd Miller Oneonta, Alabama Tackle
Mike Mizerany Birmingham, Alabama Guard
Lionel W. Noonan Mobile, Alabama Halfback
Pat O'Sullivan New Orleans, Louisiana Linebacker
Gordon Pettus Birmingham, Alabama Halfback
T. Ray Richeson Russellville, Alabama Tackle
Ed Salem Birmingham, Alabama Halfback
Elliott Speed Selma, Alabama Center
Rebel Steiner Birmingham, Alabama End
Paul Taylor Hartford, Alabama Fullback
Bill Theris Mobile, Alabama Tackle
Clem Welsh Winchester, Illinois Halfback
Ed White Anniston, Alabama End
Reference:[34]

Coaching staffEdit

Name Position Seasons at
Alabama
Alma Mater
Harold Drew Head coach 15 Bates (1916)
Lew Bostick Assistant coach 5 Alabama (1939)
Tilden Campbell Assistant coach 9 Alabama (1935)
Joe Kilgrow Assistant coach 5 Alabama (1937)
Malcolm Laney Assistant coach 5 Alabama (1932)
Tom Lieb Assistant coach 3 Notre Dame (1923)
Reference:[35]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "1948 Alabama football schedule". RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. https://www.webcitation.org/63dbQSj7C?url=http://www.rolltide.com/sports/m-footbl/archive/m-footbl-results-archive.html. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Little, Tom (September 26, 1948). "Tide shifts to T for rally bur Green Wave wins 21–14". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=YeQ-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=zEwMAAAAIBAJ&pg=4010%2C6484200. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Joe Ernst passes Green Wave to 21–14 upset over Alabama". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press (Google News Archives): p. 29. September 26, 1948. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=n6BSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=YX0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5557%2C1815662. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  4. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Tulane". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=3267. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Dopson, Roland (October 3, 1948). "Salem passes to Brown than converts for tie". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 8. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=POk-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=6343%2C162402. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  6. "Ladd–Peebles Stadium: History". LaddPeeblesStadium.com. http://www.laddpeeblesstadium.com/history.asp. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  7. "Alabama gains tie with Vandy at last second". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press (Google News Archives): p. 15. October 3, 1948. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=rNctAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pmQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6722%2C6839229. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  8. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Vanderbilt". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=3363. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Little, Tom (October 9, 1948). "Bama gallops over Duquesne, 48 to 6". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Qek-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=4070%2C621180. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Sell, Jack (October 9, 1948). "Alabama annihilates Dukes, 48–6". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Google News Archives): p. 10. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=2QgNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WmoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4313%2C1375697. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  11. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Duquesne". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=976. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Green, Ben (October 17, 1948). "Vols whip Tide with 21–6 win". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Sek-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=4662%2C1262162. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  13. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Tennessee". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131014173115/http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=3180. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Little, Tom (October 24, 1948). "Tide wins 10–7 to sink Maroons". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=T-k-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5912%2C1814131. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  15. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Mississippi State". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111023093940/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=2049. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Little, Tom (October 31, 1948). "Georgia air raids bury Tide, 35 to 0". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Uuk-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5677%2C2329494. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Georgia slams Alabama 35–0". Miami Daily News (Google News Archives): p. D1. October 31, 1948. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=6TouAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6NYFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1815%2C7368622. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  18. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Georgia". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131216010856/http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=1265. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Little, Tom (November 7, 1948). "Bama reaps 27–0 victory". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Vek-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5900%2C2931151. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  20. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Southern Mississippi". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111023105802/http://cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=3052. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Stillman, Jack (November 14, 1948). "Inspired Tide masters Tech, 14–12". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=W-k-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5337%2C3453828. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  22. "Alabama's alert play upsets Georgia Tech in thrilling game at Atlanta". The New York Times (NYTimes.com): p. 1. November 14, 1948. https://www.nytimes.com/1948/11/14/archives/alabamas-alert-play-upsets-georgia-tech-in-thrilling-game-at.html. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  23. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Georgia Tech". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=1273. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Little, Tom (November 21, 1948). "Tiger eleven rolls over Tiders for 26–6 victory". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Yuk-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5775%2C4014545. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  25. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Louisiana State". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131014173117/http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=1793. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Little, Tom (November 28, 1948). "Alabama defeats Hunsinger, 34–28". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=aek-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=4692%2C4576887. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  27. Simms, Leroy (November 28, 1948). "Alabama outscored Florida Gators, 34–28". St. Petersburg Times (Google News Archives): p. 29. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=5i5PAAAAIBAJ&sjid=EU4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6501%2C3904339. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  28. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Florida". College Football Data Warehouse. http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=1113. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Little, Tom (December 5, 1948). "Tide whitewashes Auburn, 55–0". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives): p. 1. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cOk-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5724%2C5188124. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 Griffin, John Chandler (2001). "1948: The Iron Bowl resumes". Alabama vs. Auburn: Gridiron Grudge Since 1893. Athens, Georgia: Hill Street Press. pp. 126–129. ISBN 1-58818-044-1.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Griffin, John Chandler (2001). "1908–1947: The great interregnum". Alabama vs. Auburn: Gridiron Grudge Since 1893. Athens, Georgia: Hill Street Press. pp. 36–43. ISBN 1-58818-044-1.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Norman, Geoffrey (1986). Alabama Showdown. Kensington Publishing Company. pp. 48–50. ISBN 0-8217-2157-7.
  33. DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Auburn". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. https://www.webcitation.org/6HYiMTyHA?url=http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/div_ia/sec/alabama/opponents_records.php?teamid=220. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  34. "All-Time Tide Football Lettermen". 2011 Alabama Crimson Tide Football Record Book. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Athletics Media Relations Office. 2011. pp. 127–141.
  35. "All-Time Assistant Coaches". 2011 Alabama Crimson Tide Football Record Book. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Athletics Media Relations Office. 2011. pp. 142–143.
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