|1921 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football|
|Conference||Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association|
|1921 record||8–1 (5–0 SIAA)|
|Head coach||William Alexander (2nd season)|
|Offensive scheme||Jump shift|
|Home stadium||Grant Field|
|1921 SIAA football standings|
|Georgia Tech §||5||–||0||–||0||8||–||1||–||0|
|§ – Conference co-champions |
The 1921 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football team[note 1] represented the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado of the Georgia Institute of Technology during the 1921 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football season. The team played its home games at Grant Field. Its only loss was in its only road game, at the Polo Grounds in New York City, to undefeated eastern power Penn State.
The Tornado was coached by William Alexander in his second year as head coach, compiling an 8–1 record (5–0 against Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA) teams) and outscoring opponents 360 to 56. The team shared the SIAA title with the Georgia Bulldogs and Vanderbilt Commodores.
Before the seasonEdit
In 1921, football used a one-platoon system in which players played offense, defense, and special teams. A team which scored a touchdown had the option to kick-off or receive, and the ball was much rounder. Coach William Alexander retained his predecessor John Heisman's scheme, using the pre-snap movement of his jump shift offense.
The Tornado captain was senior fullback Judy Harlan, called the school's greatest back by some and one of the country's best defensive backs. Also in the backfield was halfback Red Barron, who had just recovered from a broken jaw received the previous season in a game against Vanderbilt. Gone from the team were greats such as Buck Flowers and Bill Fincher, who graduated in 1920.
Future Tech fullback Sam Murray said about a strong runner during the 1930s, "He's good. But if I were playing again, I would have one wish – never to see bearing down upon me a more fearsome picture of power than Judy Harlan blocking for Red Barron." In the line at either end were the brothers John and Al Staton. At guard was Oscar Davis, who (with Barron) was listed on an All-Tech Alexander-era team.
|September 24||Wake Forest*||W 42–0|
|October 1||Oglethorpe||W 41–0||8,000|
|October 8||Davidson*||W 70–0|
|October 15||Furman||W 69–0|
|October 22||Rutgers*||W 48–14||15,000|
|October 29||vs. Penn State*||L 28–7|
|November 5||Clemson||W 48–7|
|November 12||Georgetown||W 21–7|
|November 24||Auburn||W 14–0||25,000|
The season opened with a 42–0 shutout of the Wake Forest Demon Deacons. The intense heat made for many substitutions, and a number of Tech players starred. Despite the heat, Harlan still smashed into the line.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), McRee (left tackle), McIntyre (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), Hunt (quarterback), Brewster (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
In the second week of play, Red Barron starred as the Tornado defeated the neighboring Oglethorpe Stormy Petrels 41–0. Dewey Scarboro scored Tech's first touchdown, and the second came on a 25-yard run by Barron.
The starting lineup was Nabelle (left end), Johnson (left tackle), Lebey (left guard), Frye (center), Davis (right guard), Fincher (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Scarboro (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
Tech shut out Davidson 70–0, with 22 first downs; Davidson had none. For the first touchdown, Barron threw a pass and Staton ran 35 yards for the score. The final score came when Barron had a 63-yard punt return for a touchdown, and Judy Harlan had four touchdowns.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), McRee (left tackle), Frye (left guard), Amis (center), Borum (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
Barron had a 55-yard touchdown run. A punt return for a touchdown, with Barron reversing field, was disallowed due to an offside penalty. Judy Harlan received praised for his work as a defensive back.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), McRee (left tackle), Lebey (left guard), Amis (center), Frye (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
The Tornado defeated Rutgers in an inter-sectional contest, 48–14. Tech's shift was at its peak, and Red Barron was the game's star. Rutgers' Carl Waite threw a 30-yard touchdown to Heinie Benkert.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), McRee (left tackle), Frye (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Brewster (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
Tech started strong, and Red Barron scored Tech's only touchdown. The game's star play immediately followed: an 85-yard kickoff return for a touchdown by Glenn Killinger. Penn State's defense stiffened after that.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), McRee (left tackle), Frye (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Barron (left halfback), Brewster (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
"Just as we used to bring in a load of stove wood at nightfall, feed the pigs and milk the cows, so do football teams of note have their chores to perform year in and year out. Georgia Tech performed one of its accustomed tasks Saturday afternoon, when Clemson was decidedly thrashed, but the task was not performed in the usual manner, for Clemson scored a touchdown. The score was 48 to 7."
Tech started the game with a second-string backfield. Clemson scored first, with Burton running in a touchdown. Tech's first score came six seconds before the end of the first quarter, when Red Barron went around the tackle for a touchdown. The second touchdown came after a 20-yard Barron run. Pinkey Hunt got the first score of the second half. The fourth touchdown came when Jimmy Brewster gained 28 yards down field and almost 100 yards in all. Brewster also scored the next touchdown on a 15-yard run after completing an 18-yard pass. Barron and Harlan returned to the lineup late, scoring an additional touchdown apiece.
The starting lineup was Cornell (left end), Johnson (left tackle), Barnett (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), Lyman (right tackle), A. Staton (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Farnsworth (fullback).
The Tornado defeated the Georgetown Blue and Gray, 21–7. Tech's first score came from Judy Harlan on a two-yard run behind right tackle. The second score was in the second half, when Red Barron skirted the left end for 20 yards and a touchdown. Barron made his team's final touchdown on a two-yard run behind left guard. Georgetown scored on a 95-yard return after DuFour recovered a Jack McDonough fumble.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), Johnson (left tackle), Frye (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), A. Staton (right tackle), Mitchell (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
After a scoreless first half, Tech opened a drive to start the second half with runs from Barron, Harlan, and Ferst. As Barron was about to score, he fumbled and McDonough recovered the ball in the end zone. Barron later scored the second touchdown.
The starting lineup was J. Staton (left end), Johnson (left tackle), Lebey (left guard), Amis (center), Davis (right guard), A. Staton (right tackle), Mitchell (right end), McDonough (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Barron (right halfback), and Harlan (fullback).
Awards and honorsEdit
Barron rushed for 1,459 yards during the season, and led the team in scoring with 90 points. Harlan, Barron, and Al Staton were composite All-Southerns, and Davis and John Staton made some All-Southern teams. Harlan made Walter Camp's third All-America team, and Barron made Jack Veiock's third team.
For yet another season, neither Tech nor the Bulldogs of Georgia lost to a Southern team. Tech tied with independent Centre, Georgia, and Vanderbilt for claims of the SIAA title. For Georgia coach Herman Stegeman, the contest for the mythical title of greatest Southern team was between Centre, Georgia Tech, and Georgia. Sportswriter Fuzzy Woodruff in his History of Southern Football explained Tech was picked as champion "through force of habit"; though "no championship was ever won with less effort or achievement."
The following chart depicts Tech's lineup during the 1921 season, with games started at the position in parentheses. It mimics the offense after the jump shift.
The following is an incomplete list of statistics and scores, largely dependent on newspaper summaries.
|W. P. Lyman||0||14||14|
- 1921 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football season
- 1921 College Football All-America Team
- ↑ Van Brimmer & Rice 2011, p. 147
- ↑ "Golden Tornadoes". http://livinghistory.gatech.edu/new/traditions/tradition/tornado.html. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Tech's "Old Time" Football Records". http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/geot/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/71stats.pdf. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- ↑ "To Judy Harlan, Leader of Tech". Atlanta Constitution: p. 19. November 27, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/2409609/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- ↑ "Judy Harlan". Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine. 54. 1973. http://issuu.com/gtalumni/docs/1973_51_4/21.
- ↑ "Another Judy Harlan". Ironwood Daily Globe: p. 7. October 19, 1927. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/2409623/ironwood_daily_globe/. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- ↑ "Eight Stars of Constitution's All-Southern". Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. November 28, 1920. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/2409648/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Cliff Wheatley (September 25, 1921). "Attack of Alex's Great Outfit Too Much for Wake Forest Team". The Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5521437/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- ↑ Lynn Hogan (1973). "They Walked Away Into Legend...". Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine 51 (4): 15–19. http://issuu.com/gtalumni/docs/1973_51_4/20.
- ↑ "Georgia Tech's All Era Teams". Georgia Tech Football: 155. 2007. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/geot/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/HONORS.pdf.
- ↑ "1921 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Schedule and Results". https://www.sports-reference.com/cfb/schools/georgia-tech/1921-schedule.html. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Fuzzy Woodruff (October 2, 1921). ""Red" Barron Is Brilliant Star As Tornado Sweeps to Victory". The Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5521471/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 "Tech's Golden Tornado Roars Across Field To Victory Over Davidson". The Charlotte Observer: p. 15. October 9, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5521423/the_charlotte_observer/. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Camp 1922, p. 27
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Camp 1922, p. 26
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Fuzzy Woodruff (October 16, 1921). "Golden Tornado Overwhelms Furman, 69-0". The Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5182892/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Barron Is Star For Tornado". The Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. October 23, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5180968/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ Camp 1922, p. 57
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 "Penn State Tears Georgia Techites' Line Into Shreds". Pittsburgh Daily Post: p. 20. October 30, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5180865/pittsburgh_daily_post/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ Prato 2015, p. 335
- ↑ "Football games played at The Polo Grounds, New York". http://www.luckyshow.org/football/pg.htm. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- ↑ "Penn State in the Polo Grounds – Part 2". Archived from the original on June 11, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160611010718/http://joepasdoghouse.com/?p=1166.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Camp 1922, p. 51
- ↑ Woodruff 1928, pp. 126–127
- ↑ 25.00 25.01 25.02 25.03 25.04 25.05 25.06 25.07 25.08 25.09 25.10 Paul Warwick (November 6, 1921). "Clemson Rushes Over Touchdown Against Tech, But Is Swamped". Atlanta Constitution: p. 3. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5182809/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 "Tech-Georgetown Play by Detail". Atlanta Constitution: p. 4. November 13, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5181134/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ "Georgetown Defense Smashed By Tech". Atlanta Constitution: p. 4. November 13, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5181194/the_atlanta_constitution/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 28.2 "Techs Beat Alabama In Final 14 To 0". Greensboro Daily News: p. 12. November 25, 1921. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/5180749/greensboro_daily_news/. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 29.2 Camp 1922, p. 85
- ↑ Camp 1922, p. 165
- ↑ Template:Closed access "All-Southern Football Team". Charlotte Observer. December 4, 1921. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-search/we/HistArchive/?p_product=EANX&p_theme=ahnp&p_nbid=H4FY52QIMTQxMDAyMDYwMi44NTUwNzE6MToxMzoxMzIuMTk4LjUwLjEz&p_action=doc&s_lastnonissuequeryname=9&d_viewref=search&p_queryname=9&p_docnum=7&p_docref=v2:11260DC9BB798E30@EANX-115836CCEE0B46F8@2423028-115836D42B0D29F8@32-115836E305E0E9D0@All-Southern%20Football%20Team.
- ↑ "Walter Camp's All-America Selections for 1921". The New York Times. December 21, 1921. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1921/12/21/107038291.pdf. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
- ↑ "Players from Coast to Coast Put on All-American Team by Veiock". Tulsa Daily World. December 4, 1921.
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 Woodruff 1928, p. 183
- Camp, Walter (1922). National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Rules: Official Intercollegiate Football Guide. 45 Rose St, New York: American Sports: Spalding's Athletic Library. https://archive.org/details/officialnational07nation.
- Prato, Lou (2015). 100 Things Penn State Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die. https://books.google.com/books?id=-gCKCgAAQBAJ.
- Van Brimmer, Adam; Rice, Homer (2011). 100 Things Yellow Jackets Fans Should Know and Do Before They Die. Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 978-1-61749-703-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=tfMjFXHLfZwC&pg=PT147#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- Woodruff, Fuzzy (1928). A History of Southern Football 1890–1928. 2.
<ref>tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding
<references group="note"/>tag was found.